PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0304114 30.03.1989
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0304114
Titel Ladungsträgervorrichtung mit Strahlentmischer.
Anmelder N.V. Philips' Gloeilampenfabrieken, Eindhoven, NL
Erfinder Bormans, Bernardus Jacobus Marie;
Bakker, Johan Gustaaf;
Van der Mast, Karel Diedrick, NL-5656 AA Eindhoven, NL
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten CH, DE, FR, GB, LI, NL
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 03.08.1988
EP-Aktenzeichen 882016769
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 22.02.1989
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 30.03.1989
IPC-Hauptklasse G21K 1/08
IPC-Nebenklasse H01J 49/02   H01J 37/05   

Beschreibung[en]

The invention relates to a charged particle beam apparatus, comprising a particle source for generating a particle beam, a multiple electrode system for collimation and/or acceleration of the particle beam, and a device for a spatial separation of electrons and ions.

An apparatus of this kind is known from EP 209389. In an apparatus described therein, ions formed by the electron beam are removed from the beam path of the electron beam by means of a cascade system of electrodes. For the separation use is made of the difference in kinetic energy between electrons desired for further use and nondesired ions.

An electrode system of this kind, however, will also have an effect on the electron beam. In order to avoid the adverse effects of such influencing, use is made of a cascade system of, for example 8 alternately positively and negatively charged pairs of deflection plates. Because the adverse effects on the electron beam can thus be reduced, they cannot be fully eliminated in this manner. Moreover, the separating system has a comparatively complex construction and requires very high precision as regards positioning and control.

It is an object of the invention to mitigate the described drawbacks; to achieve this, an apparatus of the kind set forth in accordance with the invention is characterized in that the particle separating device comprises a magnetic deflection device which cooperates with an electro-static deflection device.

A beam deflection system included in a multiple electrode system of an apparatus in accordance with the invention deflects the entire beam of charged particles away from an optical axis, the beam being deflected back by a magnetic beam alignment system so that it is again made to extend along the optical axis, preferably at a comparatively short distance before an object to be irradiated.

For the invention it is irrelevant whether the magnetic field and the electrostatic field act in the same space or a different locations and in which sequence they are arranged. A set up comprising first an electrostatic deflection field and, situated comparatively near the object, a magnetic redeflection field offers the advantage that the beam to be effectively used extends again along the optical axis only over a slight distance, or a main ray of the redeflected beam is directed transversely of an object to be irradiated.

In a preferred embodiment, the electrostatic deflection system is formed by an adapted electrode construction in a multiple acceleration system of the apparatus. The electrostatic deflection system notably comprises a conically arranged electrode system. This is achieved notably by imparting a conical shape to one of the electrode systems. To the invention it is irrelevant whether the charged particle beam to be effectively used is an electron beam or an ion beam. Preferably, the entire beam is deflected away from the optical axis and the beam of particles to be used is made to extend along the optical axis again. The latter, however, is not a condition for the invention, because use can also be made of a beam which is incident at an angle or of an object which is arranged so as to be inclined, for example transversely with respect to the incident beam.

Some preferred embodiments in accordance with the invention will be described in detail hereinafter with reference to the drawing.

The sole Figure of the drawing diagrammatically shows an apparatus in accordance with the invention, comprising a particle source 2 which is accommodated in a source housing 4 and which comprises an emitter 6, for example a filament wire, an emission needle, a lanthanum hexabromide emitter, a semiconductor emitter and the like as an electron source (for example, see EP 192244), or it comprises an ion source, for example as described in EP 80170, EP 37455 or US 3,731,089. Of the source only a first anode 8 with an aperture 10 is shown. Using the anode, and possibly a grid, the beam current can be controlled. The source housing 4 can be coupled, via a flange coupling 12, to an electrode system housing 14 which is similarly connected to an object housing 18 by way of a flange coupling 16. An electrode system 19 of the present embodiment comprises a system of acceleration, deflection or collimation electrodes 20, an electrode 201 which is situated nearest to the source comprising an anode 22 having an aperture 24 wherethrough a particle beam 25 enters the apparatus. For the deflection of the beam 25 a conical electrode system 26 is arranged between two successive electrodes 20. The electrode system 26 in this case comprises a conical disc 28 and a conical disc 29, which discs are mounted against successive electrodes 202 and 203 of the electrode system 19. Facing surfaces of the conical discs preferably extend in parallel. Also viewed from a point of conductivity, the conical discs may be integral with the relevant electrodes 20, in which case they will carry corresponding potentials. Beam deflection is thus realized with only minor modifications to the acceleration system and its control.

The degree of beam deflection is determined by the cone angle which amounts to, for example from 10° to 15°, and the cross-section of the beam aperture which amounts to, for example 20 mm. Electrostatic controls are not required in this respect and the potentials of the two modified electrodes 20 need in principle not be changed.

Alternatively, the conical discs 28 and 29 can also be arranged so as to be insulated from the electrodes 20 and be provided with electrical power supply leads for an electrostatically controllable degree of beam deflection. Using a conical electrode system, the beam 25 is deflected, for example through an angle 30 and enters an object space 33, via a final electrode 204, at said angle with respect to the optical axis 31 of the apparatus. In order to prevent beam disturbances, the final electrode may alternatively be non-axially arranged or be provided with a larger aperture 34. It is to be noted that the beam deflection angle 30 is comparatively small and amounts to, for example only a few degrees. The beam shift with respect to the optical axis 31 at the area of the electrode 204 then amounts to at the most approximately 1 mm in the case of a small distance of, for example 10 mm between the electrode 204 and the deflection point 32 of the beam.

For example, the electron beam is directed as a pure electron beam 45 from the deflected beam 25 to an object 46 by means of a magnetic beam alignment system 40 comprising two deflection coils 42 and 44 which act in mutually perpendicular directions. The object 46 is mounted on an object carrier 48 whereby the object can be translated and possibly also rotated and tilted. Signals generated by the beam 45, for example secundary electrons, X-rays, reflected electrons and transmitted electrons, can be measured by means of detectors 50. Via the object carrier, electrons intercepted by the object can also be measured.

Ions present in the beam 25 are not deflected or only slightly deflected by the beam alignment system and can be intercepted, for example by means of a diaphragm 52.

For the selection of a pure ion beam from a beam which also contains, for example electrons, in principle the same approach can be used; however, preferably the electrons are deflected again for interception by a diaphragm, an object to be irradiated being oriented about a main ray of the electrostatically deflected beam. It may then be advantageous to reverse the position of the electrostatic deflection and the magnetic deflection, viewed in the direction of the beam path.


Anspruch[en]
  • 1. A charged particle beam apparatus, comprising a particle source for generating a particle beam, a multiple electrode system for collimation and acceleration of the particle beam, and a device for a spatial separation of electrons and ions, characterized in that the separating system comprises a magnetic deflection device which cooperates with an electrostatic deflection device.
  • 2. A device as claimed in Claim 1, characterized in that the electrostatic deflection device is formed by conically shaped electrodes of the collimation/acceleration electrode system.
  • 3. The device as claimed in Claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the magnetic deflection device is formed by a beam alignment system which substantially compensates for a beam deflection produced by the electrostatic deflection device.
  • 4. A device as claimed in Claim 1, 2 or 3, characterized in that the magnetic deflection device is situated in the device near an object to be irradiated.
  • 5. A device as claimed in any one of the preceding Claims, characterized in that the particle source is an electron source.
  • 6. A device as claimed in any one of the preceding Claims, characterized in that the particle source is an ion source.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

Anmelder
Datum

Patentrecherche

Patent Zeichnungen (PDF)

Copyright © 2008 Patent-De Alle Rechte vorbehalten. eMail: info@patent-de.com