The invention relates to an automatic fast take up for use with a
ratchet hand tool. The fast take up allows for the operation of the hand tool using
only one hand, thereby insuring that the wire will be properly positioned in the
exchangeable dies when crimping, etc. is to occur.
A wide variety of hand grip tools are known in the industry. Many
of these tools are designed to do a specific operation while others are designed
to do many operations through the use of changeable mating die halves. Such hand
tools are generally either double action hand tools (DAHT) which have dies that
close in an arc-like path or straight action hand tools (SAHT) which have straight
line die movement.
The majority of recent hand tools are of the multiple stroke hand
tool type. These hand tools provide greater mechanical advantage than the previous
single stroke hand tools. The mechanical advantage is provided through the use
of a ratchet member driven by the movement of the handles as they are displaced
toward each other. This mechanical advantage allows the handle of the hand tool
to be positioned such that maximum grip strength of the operator corresponds with
the maximum input force required for operation.
However, a problem with the above-mentioned multiple stroke hand
tools is that no easy, convenient means is provided to allow the dies to be moved
quickly and automatically into position adjacent the wire, prior to the operation
being performed. Positioning the dies adjacent to the wire is important if the
dies are to maintain the wire in the proper position as the operation occurs.
The hand tools provided essentially two options of moving the dies into the proper
position adjacent the wire. First, the handles of the ratchet hand tool must be
engaged the proper number of times, in order to insure that the dies are adjacent
to the wire before the operation is begun. The second manner of moving the dies
into the required adjacent position is to provide a lever which can be operated
by the operator. However, this requires that the operator use two hands, or that
the operation use one hand to perform many operations.
The problem is that either option takes time and operator skill to
perform. If either option is done improperly, a nonacceptable crimp, etc. will
be performed. increasing the time or complexity of the operator procedure will
only allow for more human error to cause more wasted material. Therefore, the present
invention is directed to an automatic fast take-up which uses minimal operator
input to position the dies in the proper position adjacent the wire, etc.
An object of the present invention is to provide a compact multiple
stroke hand tool with an automatic fast take-up member which cooperates with the
operating means of the hand tool. This enable minimal operator input, enabling
the operator to better perform the other operations required. This fast take-up
member also insures that the terminals are properly aligned, thereby providing
much more reliable crimps, etc.
The hand tool is comprised of a housing frame. A ram is slidably
mounted to the housing frame such that the ram may be moved between an open position
and a closed position, A rotatable ratchet member is pivotally mounted to the
housing frame and is connected to the ram, such that as a drive pawl engages the
ratchet member, the ratchet member is rotated between a first position and a second
position and the ram is linearly moved between the open position and the closed
The tool is characterized in that a fast take-up member is pivotally
attached to the ratchet member. The fast take-up member causes the ratchet member
to move from the first position toward the second position as the drive means
is engaged to move to the closed position.
Whereby as the drive means is first moved from the open position
to the closed position, the fast take-up means is engaged. This causes the ratchet
member to move from the first position toward the second position. As the motion
of the drive means is repeated between the open position and the closed position,
the fast take-up means is disengaged from the drive means. The drive means then
causes the ratchet member to be moved to the second position.
An embodiment of the invention will now be described by way of example
with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
- FIGURE 1 is a side view of a hand tool of the present invention showing the
hand tool in an assembled condition with a portion of the housing frame removed;
- FIGURE 2 is a fragmentary view of some of the component parts of the hand tool
showing the motion of a fast take-up device of the present invention;
- FIGURE 3 is a view similar to that of Figure 2 showing the same parts at a
time when a ratchet member is nearing a second position; and
- FIGURE 4 is an exploded perspective view of the component parts shown in Figures
2 and 3.
A hand tool 2 of the present invention is designed to allow interchangeable
mating die halves 4, 6 to be used. This permits hand tool 2 to perform many operation
on a wire, including, but not limited to, cutting, crimping, swagging, and gripping.
These operations correspond to the mating die halves 4, 6 used in hand tool 2.
However, although many different mating die halves 4, 6 are effective, for ease
of explanation, crimping die halves 4, 6 will be used in the description of hand
Before going into a detailed description of the hand tool 2 of the
present invention, it is helpful to note that much of the operation of hand tool
2, and many of the parts thereof are identical to that of the hand tool 2 described
in copending U.S. Patent Application Serial Number 871,235, file June 6, 1986.
This application is hereby incorporated by reference.
A support member 8 is positioned proximate end of opening 12. Support
member 8 is used to secure block 14 in position at the end of opening 12. Block
14 in turn cooperates with die half 6 to position and maintain die half 6 in the
As shown in Figure 1, support member 8 defines two surfaces of opening
12. A groove, not shown, is provided on the inside of support member 8, such that
the groove cooperates with a ram 18 to allow ram 18 to slidably move therealong.
Ram 18 is aligned with opening 12 such that mating die half 4 may be mounted onto
ram 18 and secured thereon. As shown in Figure 1, block 14 and ram 18 are positioned
proximate opposed ends of opening 12 when hand tool 2 is in an open position. With
die halves 4, 6 in position and a terminal and a wire positioned between die halves
4, 6, ram 18 and die half 4 are slidably moved to a closed position, in which a
bottom surface 20 of die half 4 engages a second surface 22 of die half 6, causing
die halves 4, 6 to cooperate with each other to crimp the terminal to the wire.
An end section 24 of a pawl carrier 26 is provided adjacent opening
12, opposite support member 8, as shown in Figure 1. End section 24 cooperates
with support member 8 to maintain ram 18 in place. Pawl carrier 26 extends away
from opening 12 to provide stop surfaces 28, 29 for a ratchet member 30 and a drive
pawl 32, as will be discussed. A cavity 34 is provided in carrier 26 in which
latching pawl 36 and latch 38 are mounted. A plate (not shown) covers cavity 34
thereby securing latching pawl 36 and latch 38 in cavity 34.
Links 40 are pivotally connected at pivots to ram 18 and ratchet
member 30 respectively, as shown in Figure 1. It should be noted that a link 40
is provided on either side of ratchet member 30. This configuration allows links
40 to transfer the rotary motion of ratchet member 30 into a linear motion of ram
18. Consequently, allowing die half 4 is moved toward die half 6 in such a manner
that the force required to crimp the terminal is applied equally across the terminal
and the wire. This linear type action defines hand tool 2 as a straight action
Ratchet member 30 is provided to move link 40 as discussed above.
To this end, ratchet member 30 is rotatably mounted to housing frame 44 at a pivot
46. A coil spring 72 is provided proximate ratchet member 30 and provides the
resilient force necessary to operate ratchet member 30. Spring 72 is at rest when
ram 18 is in the open position, which corresponds to a first position of ratchet
member 30. As ratchet member 30 is rotated to a second position, spring exerts
a spring force on ratchet member 30 through fast take-up device 60, as will be
The design of ratchet member 30 utilizes minimal space while ensuring
a reliable, effective means of operation. In order to accomplish this, ratchet
member 30 is provided with drive teeth 48 positioned a distance R1 from pivot
and latching teeth 50 positioned a distance R2 from pivot, such that R1>R2.
As R1 is increased, less force is required from a projection 52 of drive pawl 32
to drive ratchet member 30 in order to generate the force necessary to crimp the
terminal to the wire. The distance R1 is therefore critical to prevent the generation
of large forces on drive teeth 48 and projection 52 which could result in a failure
thereof. Latching teeth 50 are positioned a shorter distance R2 away from pivot
46 because latching teeth 50 merely act to hold ratchet member 30 in place. Therefore,
latching teeth 50 do not have the large force associated with them. The distances
R1 and R2 are designed such that the forces applied will not result in a failure
of hand tool 2. However, R1 and R2 are also designed so that ratchet member 30
occupies a minimal amount of space which results in a reliable compact hand tool
2 that has a long useful life.
A release surface 54 is provided on ratchet member 30 adjacent latching
teeth 50, and a stop surface 56 is provided on ratchet member 30 adjacent drive
teeth 48. Release surface 54 cooperates with latching pawl 36 and stop surface
56 cooperates with stop surface 28 of carrier 26, as will be discussed.
A pin 58 is provided on either side of ratchet member 30 to cooperate
with a fast take-up device 60. Fast take-up device 60, as best shown in Figure
4, has a base portion 62 with two plates 64, 66 extending therefrom. Plates 64,
66 are essentially parallel to each other and are spaced apart such that ratchet
member 30 can be placed therebetween. Plates 64, 66 have slots 68 provided therein,
slots 68 cooperate with pin 58 of ratchet member 30. A cylindrical projection 70
extends from base portion 62 and cooperates with a spring 72. The spring 72 is
attached to an opening (not shown) provided in support member 8. Extending from
the base portion 62, in the opposite direction from projection 70 is a triangular
projection 74. Triangular projection 74 has a spring 75 extending therefrom, spring
75 cooperates with fast take-up pawl 76, as will be discussed. Fast take-up pawl
76 is pivotally mounted to plates by a pin (not shown). Fast take-up pawl 76 is
provided with hook like projections 78 at one end and a stop surface 80 at the
other end. Stop surface 79 cooperates with pawl 76, as will be discussed.
A camming member 82 is provided on housing frame 44. Camming member
82, as best shown in Figure 4, has a narrow surface 84 which projects from main
portion 86. An end surface 88 of narrow portion 84 acts as a camming surface for
fast take-up pawl 76.
To generate the required force necessary to crimp the wire, a movable
handle 90 cooperates with drive plates 92, the drive plates in turn cooperate with
drive pawl 32 to generate the required mechanical advantage. Handle 90 is pivotally
mounted at one end by a pin 94 to housing frame 44, and serves principally as a
drive lever. Slot 96 provided at the end of handle 90 cooperates with pin 98 of
plates 92, such that as handle 90 is moved, plates 92 are moved accordingly. Plates
92 are pivotally mounted to housing frame 44 at pivot 46. Drive pawl 32 is pivotally
mounted to plates 92 via a pin 100 and is positioned to act in the well-known
manner of such pawl devices upon ratchet member 30. Also provided on the pivotally
mounted end of handle 90 is a hook like projection 99.
Handle is biased away from stationary handle 102. Drive pawl 32 is
biased toward ratchet member 30. This combination allows projection 52 of drive
pawl 32 to cooperate with drive teeth 48 to drive ratchet member 30, as handle
90 is moved toward handle 102. However, when handle 90 is not displaced, as shown
in Figure 1, an end surface 104 of drive pawl 32 engages stop surface 29 of carrier
26 causing drive pawl 32 to pivot about pin 100, thereby resulting in pawl being
positioned out of engagement with drive teeth 48 of ratchet member 30.
Latching pawl 36 is pivotally mounted on carrier 26 by pin 106. Spring
108,in engagement with pawl 36 and carrier 26, urges pawl 36 toward ratchet member
30. A lower projection 110 of pawl 36 is engageable with latching teeth 50 of
ratchet member 30 to prevent backward rotation of ratchet member 30, as will be
discussed. An engagement surface 112 and a projection 114 are provided on latching
pawl 36 for cooperation with ratchet member 30 and latch 38 respectively. A release
portion 116 of pawl extends through an opening of carrier 26 to allow manual release
of latching pawl 36 from ratchet member 30.
Latch 38 is pivotally mounted on carrier 26 via pin 118. Spring 120
is mounted in engagement with latch 38 and carrier 26, urging a portion of latch
38 toward latching pawl 36. A contact surface 122 is provided at an end of latch
38 opposite the portion of the latch which is biased toward latching pawl 36.
In operation, hand tool 2 is used for crimping a respective terminal
to a respective wire. As was previously described, mating die halves 4, 6 are secured
to ram 18 and block 14 respectively. The terminal and wire are then inserted into
opening 12 of housing frame 44 such that the terminal and the wire are positioned
between mating die halves 4, 6. However, in this initial position there is nothing,
other than the hand of the operator, to accurately position and maintain the terminal
or the wire in the proper crimping position. Consequently, a means to accurately
maintain the terminal in the proper orientation is essential in order to insure
that a reliable crimp is performed between the terminal and the wire. This is the
purpose of fast take-up device 60.
With the terminal held in opening 12 by one hand of the operator,
handle 90 is displaced toward stationary handle 102 by the other hand of the operator.
In so doing hook like projection 99 of handle 90 is forced to move, as indicated
in by the change of position shown between Figure 1 and Figure 2. As hook like
projection 99 of handle 90 and hook like projection 78 of fast take-up device
60 are in engagement, the movement of hook like projection 78 corresponds to the
movement of hook like projection 99. Consequently, as handle 90 is displaced,
hook like projection 78, as well as the entire fast take-up device 60, is forced
to move forward as shown in Figure 2. As fast take-up device 60 is moved forward,
ratchet member 30 is rotated. This rotation is caused by the cooperation of slots
68 of fast take-up device 60 with pins 58 of ratchet member 30. The rotation of
ratchet member 30 causes ram 18 and die half 4 to move toward block 14 and die
half 6. This motion continues until die halves 4, 6 are placed in engagement with
the terminal. This allows the terminal to be maintained in the proper orientation
as the crimping is done. To perform the actual process of crimping, more force
is required than can be generated by fast take-up device 60.
Once die halves 4, 6 are in engagement with the terminal, handle
90 is released, allowing handle 90 to return to its original position, as shown
in Figure 1. However, fast take-up device 60 does not return to its original position.
This is because fast take-up device 60 is attached to ratchet member 30, and ratchet
member 30 is prevented from backward motion by the cooperation of latching pawl
36 with latching teeth 50. Consequently, as handle 90 is allowed to return to its
original position, hook like projection 99 of handle 90 disengages from hook like
projection 78 of fast take-up device 60. This allows spring 75 to resiliently urge
fast take-up pawl 76 against stop surface 79, as shown in Figure 3. In this position,
no portion of fast take-up pawl 76 extends beyond the bottom surface of base 62
of fast take-up device 60. In this position, hook like projection 78 of fast take-up
device 60 will not engage hook like projection 99 of handle 90.
To proceed further, handle 90 is again displaced toward stationary
handle 102. In so doing, drive pawl 32 is resiliently urged to engage drive teeth
48 of ratchet member 30. As handle 90 is further displaced, ratchet member 30,
in engagement with drive pawl 32, is forced to move accordingly. This process is
continued until handle 90 reaches a maximum displacement which corresponds to the
displacement which is necessary for the terminal to be crimped to the wire. Once
this point has been reached, latching pawl 36 is released from latching teeth 50,
as was described in the earlier filed application. This permits all of the various
parts of hand tool 2 to return to their original position, as shown in Figure 1.
Consequently, drive pawl 32 returns toward its original position. However drive
pawl 32 does not return to its original position until surface 104 of drive pawl
32 engages stop surface 29 of carrier 26, which causes drive pawl 32 to disengage
from ratchet member 30 and return to its original position, as shown in Figure
Fast take-up is returned to its original position by ratchet member
30 and spring 72. As latching pawl 36 is released from ratchet member 30, ratchet
member 30 is resiliently returned toward camming member 82. As pins 58 cooperate
with fast take-up device 60, fast take-up device 50 is also returned toward its
original position. This return motion is facilitated by the resilient nature of
spring 72. The original position of fast take-up device 60 is not reached until
stop surface 80 engages end surface 88 of camming member 82, causing fast take-up
pawl 76 to pivot to the position shown in Figure 1. In this original position
hock like projections 78 and 99 cooperate in the manner described. Hand tool 2
is again in position to crimp another terminal to another wire.
The hand tool of the present invention has the desirable advantage
of complete one hand operation, which frees the second hand of the operator to
hold the terminal and wire in position until required. The fast take-up means
is not activated by a lever which is distant from the handle, the fast take-up
is activated using the same handle which is used to crimp the terminal to the wire.
It is also important that the hand tool of the invention is reliable and accurate.
Consequently, in this day of minimized scrap and ease of operation, the hand tool
described herein is configured for ease of operation and reliability of service.
It is intended that the foregoing detailed description be regarded
as illustrative rather than limiting, and that it is to be understood that it is
the following claims, including all equivalents, which are intended to define
the scope of the invention.