PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0249075 16.05.1991
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0249075
Titel Wässerige Suspensionskonzentrate.
Anmelder American Cyanamid Co., Stamford, Conn., US
Erfinder Morgan, Leonard John;
Bell, Mark, Fareham Hampshire, GB
Vertreter Wächtershäuser, G., Dipl.-Chem. Dr.rer.nat., Pat.-Anw., 8000 München
DE-Aktenzeichen 3769206
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, DE, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 22.05.1987
EP-Aktenzeichen 871074951
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 16.12.1987
EP date of grant 10.04.1991
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 16.05.1991
IPC-Hauptklasse A01N 33/18
IPC-Nebenklasse A01N 25/04   

Beschreibung[en]

Suspension concentrate pesticidal compositions or aqueous flowable compositions are concentrated suspensions of water-insoluble pesticides and mixtures of pesticides in an aqueous system. The present invention relates to a method for the preparation of stable such pendimethalin compositions.

These aqueous compositions frequently contain about 10% to 80%, by weight, of a solid pesticide or mixture of solid pesticides, thereby providing a method for handling those pesticides which are relatively water insoluble in an aqueous medium. Since these types of compositions have the desirable characteristics of a thick liquid, they may be poured or pumped. Thus, some of the problems, like dusting that is possible in solid compositions of wettable powders and granulars, are avoided. Further, these aqueous-based concentrates also have the added advantage of not requiring the use of organic solvents, often present in emulsifiable concentrates.

For these reasons, it is desirable to formulate pesticides into suspension concentrates or aqueous flowables. However, such formulations have their own problems such as gelling, caking and settling, as well as problems because of the physical and chemical characteristics of the pesticide or mixture of pesticides. For instance, the dinitroaniline, pendimethalin, is somewhat difficult to formulate and several references have tried to address these formulation problems.

The problems associated with the development of suspension concentrate compositions containing low melting active ingredients, alone or in combination with higher melting active ingredients, are described in German Patent Application DE 3302648 Al. German Patent Application DE 3302648 Al tries to deal with the problems of an aqueous mixed dispersion of a low melting active ingredient in a solvent of phthalic acid C&sub1;-C&sub1;&sub2; alkyl esters in combination with an aqueous suspension concentrate containing one or more active ingredients as an alternative to a suspension concentrate containing low melting active ingredients, such as pendimethalin[N-(1-ethylpropyl)-2,6-dinitro-3,4-xylidine]. The reason for the alternative approach of that application is the inability to prepare stable suspension concentrates by various techniques, including those of European Patent Application 0 33291 2. That EPO application describes insecticidal suspension concentrate compositions of phosalone and adjuvants which may be prepared with molten insecticide.

Pendimethalin is difficult to formulate not only in a suspension concentrate, but in other forms, as well for several reasons. One is that polymorphic crystals of pendimethalin exist, orange macrocrystals and yellow microcrystals, with the orange form being favored. In formulating pendimethalin in other than suspension concentrates, stabilized pendimethalin had to be used. United States Patents 4,082,537 and 4,150,969 respectively disclose compositions containing either a sodium dialkyl (C&sub6;-C&sub8;) sulfosuccinate or an ethoxylated β-diamine as described. These patents describe the use of sulfosuccinates and β-diamines in order to stabilize pendimethalin's crystal form to the yellow form and to formulate it in a wettable powder composition.

Not only does pendimethalin exist in two crystal forms, but further crystallization occurs when pendimethalin is finally formulated. These formulations often exhibit stability problems related to rapid crystal formation of final product. Very large, elongated crystals (about 3,000 microns in length) dire formed in final formulations which result in instability. Thus, formulating compositions wherein these elongated crystals do not develop is crucial to stability of pendimethalin compositions and is necessary to obtain even distribution of active compound for application.

According to FR-A-2332053 aqueous suspension are obtained by emulsifying molten pesticides together with surfactants in water under vigorous stirring and subsequent cooling.

It is an object of the present invention, therefore, to provide stable aqueous suspension concentrate compositions or aqueous flowable compositions of the low-melting dinitroaniline, pendimethalin, either alone or in combination with other pesticides. Although any secondary pesticide may be used, those having higher melting points or pesticides which are water soluble are suited to the compositions of this invention. Further, it is an additional object of the present invention to provide methods for preparing such stable aqueous suspension concentrate compositions or aqueous flowable compositions so that the final compositions do not result in formation of elongated crystals which interfere with processing and active component efficacy for application.

These and other objects will become more apparent by the detailed description of the invention provided herein.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a method for the preparation of stable aqueous suspension concentrate compositions or aqueous flowable compositions comprising pendimethalin, alone or in combination with other pesticides as defined in claims 1 and 11. Although most secondary pesticides can be used, those having melting points greater than 70°C or pesticides which are water soluble are suited in the compositions of the invention. Typically, the compositions prepared in accordance with the invention comprise, on a weight to volume basis, about 5.0% to 50.0% pendimethalin; about 0% to 50.0% of one or more secondary pesticide(s); about 3.0% to 30.0% coformulants, as described in more detail hereinbelow; and about 20.0% to 92.0% water.

The stable compositions obtained by the method of the invention are readily prepared by forming an emulsion of molten pendimethalin in water containing the coformulants, surfactants, dispersing and/or wetting agents, antifoaming agents and suspending agents. This emulsion has an average droplet size in a range of less than 2 microns to about 10 microns, preferably 2 microns to 6 microns. This is then cooled and optionally milled to obtain an average particle size of suspended particles of less than 20 microns, preferably less than 5 microns.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Preferred compositions of the invention comprise on a weight to volume basis, about 5.0% to 50.0% pendimethalin; about 0% to 50.0% of one or more secondary pesticide(s) having a melting point greater than 70°C or being water soluble; about 3.0% to 30.0% of coformulants, such as surfactants, dispersing agents, wetting agents, antifreezing agents, antifoaming agents, thickening agents, gums, preservatives and 20.0% to 92.0% water.

Coformulants

Pesticides suitable for use in the composition of the present invention include ureas, triazines, imidazolinones, alone or in combination, amongst just a few. Fungicides, insecticides and plant growth regulators which have melting points greater than 70°C and/or possess physical properties which are amenable to the preparation of aqueous suspension concentrate compositions also may be used in the compositions of the present invention.

Additionally, water-soluble pesticides, such as difenzoquat, amine salts, alkali or alkali metal salts of ioxynil, bromoxynil, phenoxy acetic acids, and imidazolinyl carboxylic acids such as 2-(4-isopropyl-4-methyl-5-oxo-2-imidazolin-2-yl)-3-quinolinecarboxylic acid and the like may readily be incorporated into the stable aqueous suspension concentrate compositions of this invention.

Preferred higher melting (greater than 70°C) components for use in the aqueous suspension compositions of the invention containing pendimethalin include: Isoproturon, [N,N-dimethyl-N′-(4-(1-methylethyl)phenyl)urea]; Linuron, [N-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-N′-methoxy-N′methyl urea]; Metoxuron, [N′-(3-chloro-4-methoxyphenyl)N,N-dimethylurea]; Chlortoluron, [N′-(3-chloro-4-methyl-phenyl)-N,N-dimethylurea]; Atrazine, [2-chloro-4-ethyl-amino-6-isopropylamino-1,3-5-triazine]; Imidazolinone herbicides such as 2-(4-isopropyl-4-methyl-5-oxo-2-imidazolin-2-yl)-3-quinolinecarboxylic acid and water soluble salts thereof, and the isomeric mixture of methyl 6-(4-isopropyl-4-methyl-5-oxo-2-imidazolin-2-yl)-m-toluate and methyl 2-(4-isopropyl-4-methyl-5-oxo-2-imidazolin-2-yl)toluate. Other secondary active components include terbutylazine, 2-tert-butylamino-4-chloro-6-ethylamino-1,3,5-triazine and metolachlor, 2-chloro-6′-ethyl-N-(2-methoxy-1-methylethyl)acet-o-toluidide.

Surfactants (including dispersing agents and/or wetting agents) suitable in the aqueous suspension compositions of the invention containing solid pendimethalin include: ethylene oxide/propylene oxide condensates; alkyl,aryl- and aryl,arylethoxylates and derivatives thereof; lignosulfonates; cresol- and naphthaleneformaldehyde condensates and sulfonates; polycarboxylates and derivatives thereof; and mixtures thereof.

In general, anionic polymerics, such as cresol formaldehyde condensates and their sulfonates, naphthalene formaldehyde condensates and their sulfonates and lignosulfonates have been found to minimize crystal formation during storage and as such, are most preferred.

Suspending agents such as polysaccharide gums like Xanthan gum, guar gum; gum arabic and cellulose derivatives, and the like are suitable for addition to the hot emulsion in amounts of about 0.02% to 3.0%, on a weight to volume basis. These aid in stabilizing the emulsion of a desired droplet size by increasing the viscosity of the emulsion from an initial viscosity of about 100 cps to about 1,000 cps or greater prior to cooling.

Preservatives to prevent microbial spoiling of the compositions of the invention are included as necessary. One example is a 38% solution of formaldehyde. Other preservatives include methyl and propyl parahydroxybenzoate, 2-bromo-2-nitro-propane-1,3-diol, sodium benzoate, glutaraldehyde, O-phenylphenol, benzisothiazolinones, 5-chloro-2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one, pentachlorophenol, 2-4-dichlorobenzylalcohol, mixtures thereof and others known to those in the art. Siliconic antifoaming agents are useful in the present compositions.

Antifreezing agents such as ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, other glycols, glycerine or urea may then be added to the resulting aqueous suspension concentrate compositions. Additional surfactants, preservatives and thickening agents, such as clays, precipitated silicas, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinylpyrrolidone, polyacrylamides and the like, may then be added, as can higher melting active components or a suspension concentrates containing other active components.

Process Of Manufacturing

Stable aqueous suspension concentrate compositions of pendimethalin may be prepared by: emulsifying molten pendimethalin in hot water (50°C to 80°C) containing a surfactant and antifoaming agent to achieve the desired droplet size. Then a suspending agent is added. The resulting hot emulsion is cooled and agitated, allowing the molten material to solidify. The resulting composition may then be milled, if desired, or additional higher melting active components and coformulants, such as antifreezing agents, surfactants, thickeners, preservatives and the like or a preformed suspension concentrate containing one or more active component and conformulants is added. The aqueous suspension concentrate compositions containing pendimethalin in combination with higher melting or water soluble components may then be subjected to additional milling, if desired.

The above method of preparation lends itself to a variety of optional processing steps, such as (1) molten emulsion followed by cooling with no further processing; (2) molten emulsion followed by cooling and optionally adding other active components and coformulants and then milling; (3) molten emulsion in the presence of higher melting active components with concurrent milling followed by cooling; (4) molten emulsion concurrently milled and cooled, then mixing to allow crystallization and standing ("aging") with or without secondary active components and a second milling.

Alternatively, the molten pendimethalin may be dispersed at ambient temperature in a water solution of coformulants, containing if desired, other higher melting active components, followed by milling.

Compositions

Surprisingly, stable aqueous suspension concentrate compositions of pendimethalin, alone or in combination with other active pesticidal components may be prepared by the above methods containing, on a weight to volume basis:

  • 5.0% to 50% pendimethalin;
  • 0.05% to 1.0% antifoaming agents;
  • 2.0% to 20.0% antifreezing agent;
  • 2.0% to 20.0% surfactants and mixture of surfactants

(wetting and dispersing agents);

  • 0.05% to 3.0% thickening agents;
  • 0.01% to 1.0% preservatives;
  • 0.05% to 2.5% suspending agents;

and sufficient water to total 100%.

These compositions do not form large, elongated crystals after being processed. Therefore, processing and manufacturing is not halted because of the crystal growths. Further, the compositions are stable without sedimentation of active component in these large (3000 micron) crystals and most importantly, the application of these compositions results in an even dispersibility of active component.

The following examples further illustrate the present invention but are not limitative thereof.

EXAMPLES 1-23 Method A Preparation of stable aqueous suspension concentrate compositions of pendimethalin, alone or in combination with other higher melting herbicides

An aqueous solution containing surfactants and antifoaming agents at temperatures 50°C to 80°C is prepared. Then, the molten pendimethalin (60°C to 80°C) is added and agitated sufficiently to obtain an emulsion having an average droplet size of about 2 microns to 10 microns. This stabilized emulsion is cooled to ambient temperature, allowing the pendimethalin to solidify, whereupon the desired additional coformulants or active components (antifreezing agents, suspending agents, surfactants, pesticides) are added to the resulting aqueous suspension of solid pendimethalin.

The resulting aqueous composition is milled to achieve the desired average particle size of suspended particles of less than 20 microns, preferably less than 5 microns; and finally, additional thickening agents, preservatives, or surfactants, as desired, are admixed with the aqueous composition. This is then packaged as the aqueous suspension composition.

Utilizing the above procedure yields the stable aqueous suspension concentrate compositions listed in Table I.

EXAMPLES 24-44 Method B Preparation of stable aqueous suspension concentrate compositions of pendimethalin, alone or in combination with other active components

An aqueous solution containing surfactant(s) and antifoaming agents is prepared at a temperature of 50°C to 80°C. Then, the molten pendimethalin (60°C to 80°C) is added to the aqueous solution while agitating sufficiently to obtain an emulsion having an average droplet size of about 2 microns to 10 microns. Sufficient suspending agent is added to this to stabilize the thus-formed emulsion, and this is cooled to ambient temperature, allowing the pendimethalin to solidify, whereupon the additional coformulants, as desired, are admixed to the emulsion. This can then be packaged.

Further, a suspension of a pesticide having a melting point greater than 70°C is prepared and milled to a suitable average particle size (i.e. less than 20 microns, preferably less than 5 microns) or an aqueous solution containing the desired amount of a water-soluble pesticide is prepared.

Either one of these is then admixed with the suspension concentrate composition of pendimethalin prepared hereinabove. Finally, additional thickening agents, preservatives or surfactants, as desired, are added, and this is then packaged as the mixed aqueous suspension concentrate composition.

Utilizing the above procedure yields the stable aqueous suspension concentrate compositions listed in Table II.

EXAMPLES 45 and 46 Method C Preparation of stable aqueous suspension concentrate compositions

An aqueous dispersion of surfactants, antifoaming and antifreezing agents, containing, if desired, a solid active component having a melting point greater than 70°C, is prepared or a water soluble active component is prepared at ambient temperatures. The molten pendimethalin (60°C to 80°C), with or without additional surfactants, is then added to the agitated aqueous mixture. This resulting aqueous mixture is milled to achieve the desired average particle size of suspended solids, less than 20 microns, preferably less than 5 microns, and additional thickening agents, suspending agents, preservatives, antifreezing agent and surfactants, as desired, are admixed to the milled composition. This is then packaged as the resulting stable aqueous suspension concentrate composition.

Utilizing the above procedure yield the stable aqueous concentrate compositions listed in Table III.

EXAMPLES 47 and 48 Methods A and E Preparation of stable aqueous suspension concentrates of pendimethalin via the method of the invention versus the method of milling while cooling an emulsion (Method E)

An aqueous suspension concentrate composition of pendimethalin was prepared according to Examples 1-23, Method A. As a comparision, a suspension concentrate of pendimethalin was prepared according to the description of EPO Application 033291.2.

A mixture of hot water (575 cc), ethylene glycol (50 g) and an anionic surface-active agent (a mixture of the monophosphate and the diphosphate of tristyrylphenol with a polyoxyethylene of 18 oxyethylene units, neutralized with triethanolamine, marketed under the tradename of Soprophor FL® by Rhone-Poulenc) (50 g) is vigorously agitated while 400 g of pendimethalin are added. This is then ground in a dyno mill with a jacket for rapid cooling, resulting in a mixture leaving the mill at 24°C and having a particle size of 98% less than 5 microns, indicating the formation of a suspension concentrate.

A Xanthan gum biopolymer of a heteropolysaccharide type (1.5 g), produced by fermentation of Xanthomonas campestris on carbohydrates (tradename Rhodopol XB 23 marketed by Rhone-Poulenc), is added.

Table IV summarizes the stability observations of the two compositions. The milling method does not avoid the appearance of elongated crystals even upon two short periods of storage, one three day storage at 15°C and one three day storage at 28°C.

EXAMPLES 49-50 Compositions containing active compound of the invention

An aqueous suspension concentrate composition of pendimethalin with a secondary pesticide was prepared according to Examples 1-23 containing the following components:

EXAMPLES 51-52 Compositions using hot emulsion double milling process

A hot emulsion of molten pendimethalin is prepared as in Examples 1-23 wherein hot pendimethalin is added to the hot solution of surfactant whilst mixing at high shear. The temperature is 50°C to 80°C with a particle size of 2µ to 5µ. The hot emulsion is then miled through a Dyno-Mill and exits as a shattered crystalline form (temperature into mill is about 65°C, and temperature exiting is about 20°C to 25°C). This mixture is allowed to "age" to allow orange polymorph crystal conversion. Following conversion, usually 0.5 to 48 hours, a second milling in a Dyno-Mill occurs. (In the event another active pesticide is added, it is added into the aging period stage). Once milled a second time, final coformulants are added.

The following compositions are prepared according to the above procedures.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Verfahren zur Herstellung einer stabilen, wässrigen Suspensionskonzentrat-Zusammensetzung von Pendimethalin, umfassend das Dispergieren von geschmolzenem Pendimethalin in Wasser, enthaltend Surfaktans und Antischäummittel, bei Umgebungstemperaturen; die Zugabe eines Suspendiermittels, 0 bis 50,0 % auf Gewicht-zu-Volumen Basis von einem oder mehreren sekundären Pestiziden und zusätzlichen Co-Formulantien von Dispergiermitteln, Benetzungsmitteln, Frostschutzmitteln, Verdickungsmitteln und Konservierungsmitteln; und das Mahlen, um eine durchschnittliche Teilchengröße von weniger als 20 Micron zu erhalten.
  2. Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei das erwähnte sekundäre Pestizid wasserlöslich ist oder einen Schmelzpunkt von über 70°C hat.
  3. Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 2, wobei es sich bei den erwähnten Surfaktantien, Dispergiermitteln und Benetzungsmitteln um Ethylenoxid/Propylenoxidkondensate; Alkyl, aryl- und Aryl ,aryl-ethoxylate; Lignosulfonate; Cresol-Formaldehydkondensate und Sulfonate; Naphthalin-Formaldehydkondensate und Sulfonate; Polycarboxylate und deren Derivate; und Mischungenderselben handelt.
  4. Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 3, wobei es sich bei den erwähnten Suspendiermitteln um Polysaccharidgummi und Cellulosederivate handelt.
  5. Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 4, wobei die erwähnten Polysaccharidgummis Xanthangummi, Guargummi, Gummi Arabicum und Mischungen derselben sind.
  6. Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 4, wobei die erwähnten Gefrierschutzmittel Ethylenglycol, Propylenglycol , Glycerin, Harnstoff und Mischungen derselben sind.
  7. Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 6, wobei es sich bei den erwähnten Verdickungsmitteln um Tone, gefällte Kieselsäuren, Polyvinyl alkohol, Polyvinylpyrrolidon, Polyacrylamide und Mischungen derselben handelt.
  8. Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 7, wobei das erwähnte Pestizid mit einem Schmelzpunkt über 70°C Isoproturon,

    [N,N-Dimethyl-N'-(4-(l-methylethyl )phenyl )harnstoff]; Linuron, [N-3,4-Dichlorphenyl)-N'-methoxy-N'-methyl-harnstoff]; Metoxuron, [N'-(3-Chlor-4-methoxyphenyl)-N,N-dimethyl-harnstoff]; Chlortoluron, [N'-(3-Chlor-4-methylphenyl)-N,N-dimethyl-harnstoff]; Atrazine, [2-Chlor-4-ethylamino-6-isopropylaminol,3,5-triazin]; Imidazolinon-Herbicide wie beispielsweise 2-(4-isopropyl-4-methyl -5-oxo-2-imidazolin-2-yl )-3-chinolincarbonsäure und deren wasserlösliche Salze, oder das Isomerengemisch von Methyl-6-(4-isopropyl-4-methyl-5-oxo-2-imidazolin-2-y1)-mtoluat und Methyl-2-(4-isopropyl-4-methyl-5-oxo-2-imidazolin-2-yl)toluat ist.
  9. Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 8, wobei das Antischäummittel ein silikonisches Antischäummittel ist.
  10. Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 9, wobei der Konservierungsstoff eine 38 %-ige Formaldehydlösung ist.
  11. Verfahren zur Herstellung einer stabilen, wässrigen Suspensionskonzentrat-Zusammensetzung von Pendimethalin allein oder in Kombination mit einem oder mehreren sekundären Pestiziden, umfassend: die Emulgierung von geschmolzenem Pendimethalin in heißem Wasser mit einer Temperatur von 50 bis 80°C, enthaltend ein Surfaktans, Antischäummictel und Suspendiermittel , unter Rühren; das Mahlen der resultierenden Mischung während des Abkühlens, Temperatur 20°C bis 25°C; die Alterung der resultierenden abgekühlten Mischung wären 0,5 Stunden bis 48,0 Stunden; die Zugabe eines sekundären Pestizids, falls erwünscht; das nochmalige Mahlen; die Zugabe von Konservierungsstoffen, Surfaktantien, Suspendiermitteln, Gefrierschutzmitteln.
  12. Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 11, wobei es sich bei dem Surfaktans um ein Ethylenoxid/Propylenoxidkondensat, Alkyl ,aryloder Aryl, arylethoxyl at und Derivate derselben; Lignosulfonate; Cresol-Formaldehydkondensate und Sulfonate; Naphthalin-Formaldehydkondensate und Sulfonate; Polycarboxylate und deren Derivate; und Mischungen derseiben handelt.
  13. Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 12, wobei das Suspendiermittel Polysaccharidgummi ist.
  14. Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 13, wobei es sich bei dem Konservierungsstoff um 0,2 bis 10 % von einer 38 %-igen Formaidehydlösung, Methyl-oder Propylparahydroxybenzoat, 2-Brom-2-nitro-propan-l ,3-diol, Natriumbenzoat, Glutaraldehyd, 0-Phenylphenol , Benzisothiazolinone, 5-Chlor-2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-on, Pentachlorphenol , 2,4-Dichlorbenzylalkohol oder Mischungen derselben handelt.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A method for the preparation of a stable aqueous suspension concentrate composition of pendimethalin, said method comprising: dispersing molten pendimethalin in water, at ambient temperatures, containing surfactant and antifoaming agent; adding a suspending agent, 0% to 50.0%, on a weight to volume basis, of one or more secondary pesticide(s) and additional coformulants of dispersing agents, wetting agents, antifreezing agents, thickening agents, and preservatives; and milling to obtain an average particle size of less than 20 microns.
  2. A method according to Claim 1 , wherein said secondary pesticide(s) is water soluble or has a melting point greater than 70&sup0;C.
  3. A method according to Claim 2 , wherein said surfactants, dispersing agents and wetting agents are ethylene oxide/propylene oxide condensates; alkyl,aryl- and aryl,aryl-ethoxylates; lignosulfonates; cresol-formaldehyde condensates and sulfonates; naphthalene-formaldehyde condensates and sulfonates; polycarboxylates and their derivatives; and mixtures thereof.
  4. A method according to Claim 3 , wherein said suspending agents are polysaccharide gums and cellulose derivatives.
  5. A method according to Claim 4, wherein said polysaccharide gums are Xanthen gum, guar gum, gum arabic, and mixtures thereof.
  6. A method according to Claim 4, wherein said antifreezing agents are ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, glycerine, urea, and mixtures thereof.
  7. A method according to Claim 6 , wherein said thickening agents are clays, precipitated silicas, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, polyacrylamides, and mixtures thereof.
  8. A method according to Claim 7, wherein said pesticide with a melting point greater than 70°C is Isoproturon, [N,N-dimethyl-N'-(4-(l-methylethyl)phenyl)urea]; Linuron, [N-³,4-dichlorophenyl)-N'-methoxy-N'-methyl urea]; Metoxuron, [N'-(3-chloro-4-methoxyphenyl)-N,N-dimethylurea]; Chlortoluron, [N'-(3-chloro-4-methylphenyl)-N,N-dimethylurea]; Atrazine, [2-chloro-4-ethylamino-6-isopropylaminol,3-5-triazine]; Imidazolinone herbicides such as 2-(4-isopropyl-4-methyl-5-oxo-2-imidazolin-2-yl)-3-quinolinecarboxylic acid and water soluble salts thereof, or the isomeric mixture of methyl 6-(4-isopropyl-4-methyl-5-oxo-2-imidazolin-2-yl)-m-toluate and methyl 2-(4-isopropyl-4-methyl-5-oxo-2-imidazolin-2-yl)-toluate.
  9. A method according to Claim 8 , wherein said antifoaming agent is a siliconic antifoaming agent.
  10. A method according to Claim 9, wherein said preservatives is a 38% formaldehyde solution.
  11. A method for preparing a stable aqueous suspension concentrate composition of pendimethalin alone or in combination with one or more secondary pesticides, said method comprising: emulsifying molten pendimethalin in hot water, temperature 50&sup0;C to 80&sup0;C, containing a surfactant, anti-foaming agent and suspending agent while agitating; milling said resulting mixture whilst cooling, temperature 20&sup0;C to 25&sup0;C; aging the resulting cooled mixture, 0.5 hour to 48.0 hours; adding a secondary pesticide if desired; milling a second time; adding preservatives, surfactants, suspending agents, antifreezing agents.
  12. A method according to Claim 11, wherein said surfactant is an ethylene oxide/propylene oxide condensate; alkyl,aryl-, or aryl,aryl-ethoxylate and derivatives thereof; lignosulfonates; cresol-formaldehyde condensates and sulfonates; naphthalene-formaldehyde condensates and sulfonates; polycarboxylates and derivatives thereof; and mixture thereof.
  13. A method according to Claim 12, wherein said suspending agent is polysaccharide gum.
  14. A method according to Claim 13, wherein said preservative is 0.2% to 10% of a 38% formaldehyde solution methyl or propyl parahydroxybenzoate, 2-bromo-2-nitro-propane-1,3-diol, sodium benzoate, glutaraldehyde, O-phenylphenol, benzisothiazolinones, 5-chloro-2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one, pentachlorophenol, 2-4-dichlorobenzylalcohol, or mixtures thereof.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Procédé de préparation d'une composition agueuse concentrée sous forme de suspension stable à base de pendiméthaline, dans lequel on disperse à température ambiante, de la pendiméthaline fondue dans de l'eau contenant un agent tensioactif et un agent antimousse ; on ajoute un agent de suspension, de 0 à 50,0 % poids/volume d'un ou plusieurs pesticides auxiliaires et d'additifs supplémentaires comprenant des agents dispersants, des agents mouillants, des agents antigel, des agents épaississants et des conservateurs ; et on broye pour obtenir une taille particulaire de 20 microns ou moins.
  2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le ou chaque pesticide auxiliaire, est soluble dans l'eau, ou a un point de fusion supérieur à 70 °C.
  3. Procédé selon la revendication 2, dans lequel les tensioactifs, les agents dispersants et les agents mouillants, comprennent des condensats d'oxyde d'éthylène et d'oxyde de propylène ; des alkyl-, aryl- et aryl-, aryléthylates ; des lignosulfonates ; des condensats et des sulfonates de crésolformaldéhyde ; des condensats et des sulfonates de naphtalène-formaldéhyde ; des polycarboxylates et leurs dérivés ; et des mélanges de ceux-ci.
  4. Procédé selon la revendication 3, dans lequel les agents de suspension, comprennent des gommes polysaccharidiques et des dérivés cellulosiques.
  5. Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel les gommes polysaccharidiques, comprennent la gomme de xanthane, la gomme de guar, la gomme arabique et les mélanges de celles-ci.
  6. Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel les agents antigel, comprennent l'éthylène glycol, le propylène glycol, la glycérine, l'urée, et les mélanges de ceux-ci.
  7. Procédé selon la revendication 6, dans lequel les agents épaississants, comprennent des argiles, des silices précipitées, l'alcool polyvinylique, la polyvinyl pyrrolidone, les polyacrylamides, et les mélanges de ceux-ci.
  8. Procédé selon la revendication 7, dans lequel le pesticide à point de fusion supérieur à 70 °C, comprend l'Isoproturon (la [N,N-diméthyl-N'-(4-(1-méthyléthyl)phényl)urée]) ; le Linuron (la [N-(3,4-dichlorophényl)-N'-méthoxy-N'méthylurée]) ; le Métoxuron (la [N'-(3-chloro-4-méthoxyphényl)N,N-diméthyluréel) ; le Chlortoluron (la [N'-(3-chloro-4-méthyl-phényl)-N,N-diméthylurée]) ; l'Atrazine (la [2-chloro-4-éthyl-amino-6-isopropylamino-l, 3,5-triazine]) ; les herbicides dérivés d'imidazolinone, tels que l'acide 2-(4-isopropyl-4-méthyl-5-oxo-2-imidazolin-2-yl)-3-quinoléinecarboxylique et ses sels solubles dans l'eau, ou le mélange d'isomères comprenant le 6-(4-isopropyl-4-méthyl-5-oxo-2-imidazolin-2-yl)-m-toluate de méthyle et le 2- (4-isopropyl-4-méthyl-5-oxo-2-imidazolin-2-yl)toluate de méthyle.
  9. Procédé selon la revendication 8, dans lequel l'agent antimousse, est un agent antimousse du type silicone.
  10. Procédé selon la revendication 9, dans lequel le conservateur consiste en une solution à 38 % de formaldéhyde.
  11. Procédé de préparation d'une composition aqueuse concentrée sous forme de suspension stable à base de pendiméthaline seule ou associée à un ou plusieurs pesticides auxiliaires, selon lequel on émulsifie en agitant à une température de 50 °C à 80 °C, de la pendiméthaline fondue, dans de l'eau chaude contenant un tensioactif, un agent antimousse et un agent de suspension ; on broye ce mélange résultant en le refroidissant à une température de 20 °C à 25 °C ; on vieillit le mélange refroidi résultant pendant 0,5 heure à 48,0 heures ; on ajoute un pesticide auxiliaire si on le souhaite ; on broye une deuxième fois pour obtenir une taille particulaire de 20 microns ou moins ; on ajoute des conservateurs, des tensioactifs, des agents de suspension et des agents antigel.
  12. Procédé selon la revendication 11, dans lequel le tensioactif comprend un condensat d'oxyde d'éthylène et d'oxyde de propylène ; un alkyl-, un aryl- ou un aryl-aryl-éthylate et des dérivés de celui-ci ; des lignosulfonates ; des condensats et des sulfonates de crésol-formaldéhyde ; des condensats et des sulfonates de naphtalèneformaldéhyde ; des polycarboxylates et des dérivés de ceux-ci ; et des mélanges de ceux-ci.
  13. Procédé selon la revendication 12, dans lequel l'agent de suspension est une gomme polysaccharidique.
  14. Procédé selon la revendication 13, dans lequel le conservateur présent à raison de 0,2 % à 10 %, comprend une solution à 38 % de formaldéhyde, du parahydroxybenzoate de méthyle ou de propyle, du 2-bromo-2-nitro-propane-1,3-diol, du benzoate de sodium, du glutaraldéhyde, du O-phénylphénol, des benzisothiazolinones, de la 5-chloro-2-méthyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one, du pentachlorophénol, de l'alcool 2-4-dichlorobenzylique ou un mélange de ceux-ci.






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