PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0315737 28.11.1991
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0315737
Titel Verfahren und Vorrichtung für die Behandlung von Suspensionen von Faserstoffen.
Anmelder A. Ahlström Corp., Noormarkku, FI
Erfinder Henricson, Kaj, SF-48100 Kotka, FI;
Kokkonen, Seppo, SF-57200 Savonlinna, FI;
Pikka, Olavi, SF-48600 Karhula, FI;
Qvintus, Harri, SF-52730 Savonlinna, FI;
Ruuskanen, Erkki, SF-57810 Savonlinna, FI;
Savolainen, Erkki, SF-58410 Haapakallio, FI
Vertreter Eitle, W., Dipl.-Ing.; Hoffmann, K., Dipl.-Ing. Dr.rer.nat.; Lehn, W., Dipl.-Ing.; Füchsle, K., Dipl.-Ing.; Hansen, B., Dipl.-Chem. Dr.rer.nat.; Brauns, H., Dipl.-Chem. Dr.rer.nat.; Görg, K., Dipl.-Ing.; Kohlmann, K., Dipl.-Ing.; Ritter und Edler von Fischern, B., Dipl.-Ing.; Kolb, H., Dipl.-Chem. Dr.rer.nat., Pat.-Anwälte; Nette, A., Rechtsanw., 8000 München
DE-Aktenzeichen 3865807
Vertragsstaaten AT, DE, FR, SE
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 29.07.1988
EP-Aktenzeichen 881123178
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 17.05.1989
EP date of grant 23.10.1991
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 28.11.1991
IPC-Hauptklasse D21D 1/40

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for treating medium consistency pulp in connection with different pulp treatment devices or apparatuses. Washers used for washing pulp are disclosed below as an example.

Several types of washing apparatuses and methods are known from the prior art. Known arrangements include diffusers, drum washers/disc washers and Fourdrinier washers, which clearly differ from each other. Pulp is fed into diffuser washers at a consistency of 10 %. The feed consistency for drum washers and Fourdrinier washers is normally between 1 and 3 %. Drum washers presently used are, for example, suction washers, wash presses and pressure washers.

A conventional suction washer includes a wire coated drum rotatable in a vat or drum. The casing of the drum includes collecting compartments beneath a perforated plate, which each communicate via their own pipe with the valve system on the shaft at the end of the drum. The filtrate is led from the valve through the drop leg to the filtrate chest. Due to the valve construction the suction effect of the drop leg may be arranged at different positions of the web formation.

Web formation in a suction washer is carried out by arranging - by means of a drop leg - reduced pressure inside the drum rotating in the vat, which reduced pressure draws pulp suspension from the vat and against the drum. The fibers of the pulp thicken on the surface of the drum when the liquid penetrates the drum. The consistency of the fiber suspension in the vat is about 0,5 - 2 %, and the consistency of the pulp layer thickened on the drum is about 10 - 12 %. The web formation zone, in other words the part of the rim of the drum, which in the vat is covered by fiber suspension, is about 140°. The maximum rotational speed of the drum is 2 to 2,5 r/min. If the rotational speed is higher the collecting compartments and pipes of the filtrate are not able to empty.

Washing is carried out as a displacement wash by showering washing liquid on the surface of the drum protruding from the vat, which due to the reduced pressure is absorbed through the pulp layer and displaces majority of the chemical liquid. The width of the displacement zone is approximately 120°. The typical specific square capacity of the suction washer is about 5 BDMT/m²/d, wherein the thickness of the pulp web is about 25 mm. In bleaching, the square capacity of the suction washer is about 8 BDMT/m²/d and the thickness of the web is about 30 mm.

A washer press comprises a drum with a wire coated or drilled perforated plate casing. The pulp feed is carried out at a consistency of 3 to 4 % and the knots, unbeaten particles and respective undesired parts are to be discharged from the pulp prior to the washer. There are compartments on the casing of the drum, from which the filtrate is led out via a chamber at the end rim. The drum may also be open so as to gather the filtrate in the drum and let it flow out through the opening at the end.

The length of the web formation stage is about 90° and that of the displacement stage about 150°. The rotational speed of the drum is about 2 r/min and the specific square capacity about 15 to 20 BDMT/m²/d. The consistency of the washed pulp may rise even to 30 %, when a press roll is used. The displacement, however, takes place at the consistency of 10 % the thickness of the pulp web being about 50 mm.

As an example of a pressure washer there may be mentioned an apparatus according to Finnish patent publication 71961, which mainly comprises a drilled perforated plate drum having 15 to 20 mm high mouldings attached on the surface at the distance of about 200 mm from each other. Filtering compartments are located on the casing of the drum beneath the pulp compartments. The outer rim at the end of the drum includes a valve arrangement through which the filtrate is discharged. The washer may have 3 to 5 stages, in other words the filtrates are led from stage to stage by pumping upstream. The chambers of the washing liquid between different stages are sealed.

Web formation is carried out by feeding pulp into the feed box, the bottom of which is formed by a perforated plate, on which an endless wire cloth is located. The feed box becomes lower towards the washing drum. Liquid is discharged from the pulp in the feed box through the wire cloth and the perforated plate and the pulp is thus thickened on the wire cloth. With the wire cloth moving towards the drum, liquid is continuously discharged from the suspension also due to the pressure caused by the lowered feed box. At the end of the feed box pulp is led to the compartments between the mouldings and axial "planks" of length of the drum are thus formed in the compartments. Immediately downstream of the feeding point, the drum has a first washing zone; the apparatus according to said patent publication has five separate zones. A flow of washing liquid is led to each zone, which when pressed through the pulp layer in the compartments of the washing drum displaces the previous liquid there. As mentioned above the filtrates are led upstream from one zone to another. In other words, pure washing liquid is pumped to the last washing zone and the displaced filtrate is led to the second last zone to operate as washing liquid there. Subsequent to the last washing zone the "pulp planks" are removed from the drum, for example, by compressed air blow and are transferred forwards with a screw conveyer.

The specific square capacity of this type of pressure washer when having four stages, is about 2,4 BDMT/m²/d. The thickness a "pulp plank" is about 55 mm, and it can reach a consistency of 15 to 17 %. The washing water flowing from the compartments, however, dilutes the consistency to 10 to 12%. The consistency of the pulp being fed to the washing drum is 3 to 6%. The rotational speed being used with the drum is about 0,3 rpm.

All said apparatuses, apart from the diffusers are characterised in that the consistency of the pulp being fed to the washer is relatively low, at its maximum 6 %. In other words the pulp is to be diluted prior to the washing to less than half of the value of the preceding treating stages, which is 10 to 15%. Thus the amount of liquid in the pulp at least doubles. If it were possible to carry out the washing at high consistency, savings might be gained both in the size of the equipment, in the energy consumption and also in the amount of the filtrate to be led for evaporation. The problem is, however, that there has not been appropriate equipment to feed high consistency, over 6 %, pulp to the washer. On the other hand, it is also a known fact that when the pulp thickens the air content of the suspension grows and foam problems arise in the washing. Also other pulp treating devices, such as thickeners, have similar problems.

From FR-A-1 246 630 an apparatus is known for treating pulp, which apparatus includes devices for feeding pulp, filtering chambers which receive pulp from the feed devices, and devices for the discharge of pulp from the apparatus. The filtering chambers are maintained under uniform pressure by impulses generated by a rotor at the inlet of the filtering chambers in order to prevent a deformation of the filtering surfaces.

As a clogging of the filtering surfaces must be prevented in order to maintain the optimal operation of the apparatus, the consistency of the pulp treated must be kept very low. Therefore, treatment with a medium consistency pulp is not possible with this apparatus, as a blocking of the filtering surfaces would occur and a uniform feeding of the treated pulp from the screening surface can no longer be provided.

The object of the present invention is to eliminate or minimize these problems and to enable the treatment of pulp in the medium consistency zone of approximately 8 to 20 %.

The present invention describes a method of treating pulp in an apparatus having rotating filtering surfaces preferably divided into compartments, wherein pulp is fed into the apparatus by feeding the pulp in a pressurized state to a pressure chamber, bringing the pulp into a flowing state by fluidizing the pulp in the pressure chamber, and spreading the pulp onto the rotating filtering surfaces as a substantially uniform layer, and wherein the pulp is subsequently treated prior to it being removed from said surfaces.

Also, the present invention provides an apparatus for treating pulp in connection with a washing or other treatment operation, which apparatus includes at least one rotatable filtering surface, a stationary countersurface located opposite the filtering surface, a treatment region being formed between the filtering surface and the countersurface, a feed device for feeding the suspension to the treatment region, the feed device comprising at least one pressure chamber, whereby the pressure chamber is arranged to fluidize the suspension, at least one inlet duct for introducing the suspension to the pressure chamber, and at least one feed opening for transferring the suspension from the pressure chamber to the treatment region, and devices for the discharge of pulp from the apparatus.

The method and apparatus according to the invention removes air from the medium consistency pulp and feeds it in a controlled manner to the treating apparatus.

The method and apparatus according to the invention are described in detail below, by way of example and with reference to the enclosed drawings, in which a washer is used as an example.

  • Fig. 1 is a schematic sectional view of a washing apparatus as treatment apparatus and according to a preferred embodiment;
  • Figs. 2 - 4 are schematic illustrations of advantageous feeding apparatuses;
  • Fig. 5 is a schematic illustration of an arrangement for feeding pulp to a treatment apparatus at several positions;
  • Figs. 6 and 7 are schematic illustrations of two alternative ways for discharging pulp from a treatment apparatus; and
  • Fig. 8 is a schematic illustration of a third alternative way discharging pulp from a treatment apparatus.

A washer 1 according to Fig. 1 comprises, in principle, a drum in accordance with US patent application 921786, the outer rim of which is divided into chambers 2 - 6, to which conduits lead. The surface on the inner rim of the chambers 2 - 6 is formed by a drum 7 advantageously permeable to liquid. Inside this drum is a rotatably mounted cylinder 8 with a surface permeable to liquid on the outer rim 18. Axially extending, radial partition walls 9 protrude from the surface of the cylinder towards the surface of the drum 7, which partition walls form together with parts of the cylinder surfaces 7 and 8 pulp treating compartments 10. To the inside of the outer rim 18 of the cylinder 8 are arranged liquid chambers 11, from which liquid is led through a valve system (not shown) at the end of the washer from each washing zone (corresponding chambers 2 - 6) to the preceding zone. In other words from the last washing zone, from the area of chamber 6 to chamber 5, from the area of chamber 5 to chamber 4, etc.

Compared with the apparatus according to said patent changes have been made both to the feed and the discharge side of the washer of the present invention; these changes are also to be seen in the drawing. Fig. 1 shows a rough outline of a pulp feeding apparatus 20, which regardless of the type is characterized in that it is such as to make possible the feeding of pulp into the washer at the consistency of the pulp of the immediately preceding mass tower or the washing zone, in other words air free at a consistency of 8 to 20 %.

Fig. 2 shows a feed apparatus comprising a pressure chamber 21, to which pulp is pumped from the mass tower, for example along duct 22. The pulp conveyance equipment is advantageously provided with gas discharge. Thus the pulp flowing to the pressure chamber 21, the purpose of which is to divide in the horizontal direction the inflowing pulp uniformingly on the drum, does not include harmful amounts of air anymore, neither is there a risk of foaming of the filtrates in the successful washing. In the pressure chamber, close to the discharge opening 23 of the pulp, which may be a continuous slot of the length of the washing drum or a line of perforations, is located a fluidizing member 26, advantageously a rotor, which brings the pulp into a flowing state, and such is thus able to flow off through the discharge opening 23 to the compartments 10 of the washer. Member 26 may be either of the same length as the washer or each opening may have its own fluidizing element. By maintaining a slight continuous overpressure in the pressure chamber, air is prevented from mixing with the pulp at this stage.

Fig. 3 discloses a feed apparatus 30 for pulp according to a second embodiment, in which apparatus pulp is pumped along a pipe 32 to an expansion or widening chamber 31, from which pulp is pressed along a narrow pipe or a flat duct 33 of reduced cross-sectional area relative to pipe 32 and flows to the compartments 10 of the washer. Due to the kinetic speed, pulp remains in the fluidized state and quickly and evenly fills compartments 10.

Fig. 4 discloses a pulp feed apparatus 40 forming a third embodiment and which comprises a pulp inlet duct 42 and a pressure chamber 41, inside of which is arranged at least one rotatable roll 45, which, together with plate 44, determines the size of the feed slot 43 for the pulp. Additionally, chamber 41 may have a fluidizing element 46 close to feed opening 43 to ensure flow of pulp from the opening to the compartments 10 of the washer, if the pressure of the chamber 41 and the rotating roll 45 alone are insufficient. The fluidizing member 46 may be a rotor or also some other type of a vibrator.

Fig. 5 discloses yet another arrangement, in which feed of pulp to the washer is carried out only through a few feed openings to the whole length of the washing drum. In that case apparatus 51, for example, in accordance with the International patent application WO 86/04369 is used, by means of which the flow of high consistency pulp flowing from a pump (not shown) along the pipe 52 is divided into a plurality of flows via pipes 53 - 56. One of the described feed apparatuses 20, 30 or 40 is mounted at the washer side end, and the pulp flow from the feed apparatus is led by nozzles 57 to the feed box 58, in which the flows join to form one uniform web.

Fig. 1 also generally illustrates the discharge of pulp from the washer. Figs. 6 and 7 show two embodiments for the discharge of the pulp from the washer and for the further transfer of pulp onwards.

In the arrangement according to Fig. 6, the pulp being removed from the washing drum 8 falls to a chute 60, at the bottom of which is arranged a screw conveyor 61, which transfers pulp to the collection chamber or vat 63 in front of the suction duct of a pump 62 for high consistency pulp, from which vat the fluidizing pump transfers the pulp for further treatment.

In the arrangement of Fig. 7 a pump 62 for high consistency pulp is arranged in the middle part of the washer, whereby screw conveyor 61 transfers pulp from the ends of the washer to the vat 63 for pump 62. Both sides of the screw conveyor naturally thus transfer pulp towards the middle parts of the washer.

It is of course possible to replace the screw 61 of Fig. 7 with two inclined screws, which feed pulp to the high consistency pump.

Fig. 8 schematically illustrates yet another embodiment of a pulp discharge arrangement. Pulp is discharged from a treatment apparatus in a known way to screw 61, which transfers the pulp to a relatively small mass tower 71 arranged on the side of a treatment apparatus (cf. Fig. 7) or to the end (cf. Fig. 6), or more specifically, transfers pulp substantially to the lower part of tower 71 and advantageously at the same level as a centrifugal pump 72 is arranged for transfering the pulp further. A cylindrical or advantageously slightly conical pipe portion 73 is arranged to surround screw 61 immediately prior to tower 71, the purpose of which pipe portion is to seal screw 61 so as not to allow pulp to discharge itself from the tower towards the treatment apparatus. Additionally, either a throttling valve 75 or possibly a adjustable back-circulation valve 76 is arranged to the discharge duct 74 of pump 62, which also ensures the maintenance of a sufficient surface level of pulp in tower 71.

One possible advantageous arrangement is to feed pulp with the screw directly to the suction opening of the pump, whereby the flow channel of pulp to the tower is a relatively small opening between the conveyor screw and the suction opening of the pump or, for example, on the casing of the conveyor screw. Such being the case, it would be possible to utilize the feed pressure produced by the screw at the suction opening of the pump. The above described embodiment has the advantage that considerable savings are achieved both in the costs of the equipment and in the delivery height of the pump. All the devices of the prior art have discharged the pulp to the drop leg, which is several meters high, most ususally about 10 m, to ensure sufficient pressure in the suction opening of the pump for a succesful pumping. Because the treatment apparatuses are most ususally all at the same level, it has always been necessary to pump the pulp first back from the bottom before it has been possible to feed it to the next treatment apparatus.

When using the method and apparatus according to the invention for feeding pulp to a washer, for example, it is possible to utilize the surface of the drum better in the actual washing process, because the feed and discharge apparatuses cover only 60°, which leaves thereby 300° for the washing. Presuming that the thickness of the web of the drum is 30 mm and the rotational speed of the drum 7,5 rpm, the square capacity of the drum becomes more than 32 BDMT/m²/d. The outlet consistency may be even 15 % without any risk of operational disturbances, because the discharge devices operate reliably at these consistencies. Thus it is possible to treat the pulp continuously at the consistency of 8 to 20 % without a need to dilute it, for example, for the feed to the washer. At the same time it is possible to utilize the feature of a fluidizing centrifugal pump to remove air from high consistency pulp, by means of which the foaming of the filtrates in the washer is prevented or minimized.

As a conclusion it should be mentioned that the method and apparatus according to the invention may be applied not only to a washer, but also to other pulp treatment apparatuses, in which pulp is to be fed in the form of a web to the apparatus. Such pulp treatment apparatus may, for example, be a thickener. It must also be understood that although the above description deals only with the application of the invention solely to a drum type of pulp treatment apparatus, it is quite possible to also apply the invention to disc type treatment apparatuses, in other words to all such apparatuses in which the treatment of pulp is carried out on rotating filtering surfaces. Thus the above described example concerning a washer only has the purpose of showing what a considerable improvement the invention brings relative to the prior art and not that of restricting the invention of what is shown in the enclosed claims, which alone determine the scope of invention.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Verfahren zur Behandlung von Pulpe in einer Apparat mit umlaufenden vorzugsweise in Kammern geteilten Filterflächen, wobei die Pulpe in den Apparat aufgegeben wird, indem die Pulpe in druckbeaufschlagtem Zustand in eine Druckkammer eingegeben wird, die Pulpe in fließenden Zustand durch Fluidisierung der Pulpe in der Druckkammer gebracht wird, und die Pulpe auf die rotierenden Filterflächen als hauptsächlich gleichmäßige Schicht aufgetragen, und anschließend behandelt wird, bevor die Pulpe von den genannten Flächen entfernt wird.
  2. Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß Pulpe aus dem vorgeschalteten Behandlungsapparat bei einer Konsistenz von etwa 8 bis 20 % gepumpt und dem Apparat mit derselben Konsistenz zugeführt wird.
  3. Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 1 und 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß Luft aus der Pulpe mit einer Konsistenz von rund 8 bis 20 % abgezogen wird, bevor die Pulpe der Druckkammer zugeführt wird.
  4. Verfahren gemäß einem der Anpsprüche 1 bis 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß Pulpe dem Apparat unter hohem Druck und mit hoher Geschwindigkeit zugeführt wird, wobei Pulpe in den genannten Apparat in solcher Weise hineinfließt, daß sie den Behandlungsraum gleichmäßig ausfüllt.
  5. Verfahren gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Aufgabe, Behandlung und Austragung der Pulpe aus dem Apparat ohne Verdünnung stattfinden.
  6. Apparat zur Behandlung von Pulpe in Verbindung mit einer Wasch- oder anderen Behandlungsoperation, welcher Apparat (1) mindestens eine drehbaren Filterfläche (8), eine gegenüber der Filterfläche angeordneten stationären Gegenfläche (7), einenzwischen Filterfläche (8) und Gegenfläche (7) gebildeten Behandlungsbereich (10), eine Aufgabevorrichtung (20, 30, 40) zur Einführung von Suspension in den Behandlungsbereich bestehend aus mindestens einer Druckkammer (21, 31, 41), wobei die Druckkammer (21, 31, 41) zur Fluidisierung der Suspension arrangiert ist, mindestens einen Eintrittskanal (22, 32, 42) zur Einführung der Suspension aus der Druckkammer (21, 31, 41) in den Behandlungsbereich (10), und Vorrichtungen zur Austragung der Pulpe aus dem Apparat aufweist.
  7. Apparat gemäß Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Apparat zur Aufgabe von Pulpe in die Druckkammer (21, 31, 41) eine fluidisierende Kreiselpumpe ist, die mit Entlüftung versehen ist.
  8. Apparat gemäß Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Strömung begünstigenden Organe (25, 45, 46) in der Druckkammer (21, 41) nah der Mündung des Aufgabekanals (23, 43) für Pulpe montiert sind.
  9. Apparat gemäß Anspruch 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Strömung begünstigenden Organe (26, 46) Rotoren sind.
  10. Apparat gemäß Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Druckkammer (21, 31, 41) so ausgestaltet ist, daß sie einen vliesartigen Suspensionsfluß aus den Öffnungen (23, 33, 43) zustande bringt.
  11. Apparat gemäß Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß Pulpe in Verzweigungen durch eine Vorrichtung (51) geteilt und durch Rohre (53 bis 56) Düsen (57) zugeführt wird, in denen sie als Vliese verbreitet wird, welche Vliese im Aufgabekasten (58) des Apparat zusammgeführt werden.
  12. Apparat gemäß Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Apparat (1) eine drehbare Trommel mit Filterflächen (8) aufweist, wobei die Trommelfläche mittels radialer Rippen (9) in Kammern (10) geteilt ist.
  13. Apparat gemäß Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Apparat eine Vielzahl umlaufende Scheiben/Scheibensektoren aufweist, die mit Filterflächen versehen sind.
  14. Apparat gemäß Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Strömungsfläche des Eintrittskanals (22, 32, 42) größer ist als das gesamte Flächenareal des Aufgabekanals oder der Aufgabekanäle (23, 33, 43).
  15. Apparat gemäß Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Vorrichtung(en) zur Austragung von Pulpe aus einem Schneckenförderer (61) und einer Kreiselpumpe (62) bestehen, die nah dem Austrittsende der Schnecke (61) und dicht am Behandlungsbereich des Apparats angeordnet ist.
  16. Apparat gemäß Anspruch 15, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Austtrittsende der Schnecke (61) mit einem Stoffturm (63, 71) verbunden ist, in dessen Verbindung eine Kreiselpumpe (62) arrangiert ist.
  17. Apparat gemäß Anspruch 15, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Schnecke (61) mit dem unteren Teil des Stoffturms (71) nah an der Saugöffnung der Pumpe (62) verbunden ist.
  18. Apparat gemäß Anspruch 17, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Austrittsende der Schnecke (61) und die Saugöffnung der Pumpe (62) im wesentlichen zusammengeführt werden.
  19. Apparat gemäß Anspruch 17, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Austrittsende der Schnecke (61) durch ein zylindrisches oder konisches Gehäuse (73) umschlossen wird, das den Stoffturm (71) vom Apparat trennt.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A method of treating pulp in an apparatus having rotating filtering surfaces preferably divided into compartments, wherein pulp is fed into the apparatus by feeding the pulp in a pressurized state to a pressure chamber, bringing the pulp into a flowing state by fluidizing the pulp in the pressure chamber, and spreading the pulp onto the rotating filtering surfaces as a substantially uniform layer, and wherein the pulp is subsequently treated prior to it being removed from said surfaces.
  2. A method according to claim 1, characterized in that pulp is pumped from the preceding treatment apparatus at a consistency of approximately 8 to 20% and is fed to the apparatus at the same consistency.
  3. A method according to claims 1 and 2, characterized in that air is removed from the pulp having the consistency of approximately 8 to 20% prior to the feed of the pulp to the pressure chamber.
  4. A method according to any of claims 1- 3, characterized in that pulp is fed into the apparatus at a high pressure and speed, whereby pulp flows into said apparatus so as to evenly fill the treatment space.
  5. A method according to any of claims 1 - 4, characterized in that the feed, treatment and discharge of the pulp from the apparatus is carried out without dilution.
  6. An apparatus for treating pulp in connection with a washing or other treatment operation, which apparatus (1) includes at least one rotatable filtering surface (8), a stationary countersurface (7) located opposite the filtering surface, a treatment region (10) being formed between the filtering surface (8) and the countersurface (7), a feed device (20, 30, 40) for feeding the suspension to the treatment region (10), the feed device (20, 30, 40) comprising at least one pressure chamber (21, 31, 41), whereby the pressure chamber (21, 31, 41) is arranged to fluidize the suspension, at least one inlet duct (22, 32, 42) for introducing the suspension to the pressure chamber (21, 31, 41), and at least one feed opening (23, 33, 43) for transferring the suspension from the pressure chamber (21, 31, 41) to the treatment region (10), and devices for the discharge of pulp from the apparatus.
  7. An apparatus according to claim 6, characterized in that the apparatus for feeding the pulp to the pressure chamber (21, 31, 41) is a fluidizing centrifugal pump provided with air-discharge.
  8. An apparatus according to claim 6, characterized in that members (26, 45, 46) facilitating the flow are mounted in the pressure chamber (21, 41) close to the orifice of the feed duct (23, 43) for pulp.
  9. An apparatus according to claim 8, characterized in that the members (26, 46) facilitating the flow are rotors.
  10. An apparatus according to claim 6, characterized in that the pressure chamber (21, 31, 41) is formed so as to create a web-like pulp suspension flowing from the openings (23, 33, 43).
  11. An apparatus according to claim 6, characterized in that pulp is divided into branches by a device (51) and led by pipes (53 - 56) to nozzles (57), in which it is spread as webs, which webs join in the feed box (58) of the apparatus.
  12. An apparatus according to claim 6, characterized in that apparatus (1) comprises a rotatable drum provided with filtering surfaces (8), the surface of which drum is divided into compartments (10) with radial ribs (9).
  13. An apparatus according to claim 6, characterized in that the apparatus comprises a plurality of rotating discs/disc sectors provided with filtering surfaces.
  14. An apparatus according to claim 6, characterized in that the flow surface area of the inlet duct (22, 32, 42) is larger than the total surface area of the feed duct or feed ducts (23, 33, 43).
  15. An apparatus according to claim 6, characterized in that the device(s) for the discharge of pulp comprise a screw conveyor (61) and a centrifugal pump (62) arranged close to the discharge end of the screw (61) in close proximity to the treatment region of the apparatus.
  16. An apparatus according to claim 15, characterized in that the discharge end of screw (61) is connected to a mass tower (63, 71), in the communication of which a centrifugal pump (62) is arranged.
  17. An apparatus according to claim 15, characterized in that screw (61) is connected with the lower part of the mass tower (71) close to the suction opening of pump (62).
  18. An apparatus according to claim 17, characterized in that the discharge end of screw (61) and the suction opening of pump (62) substantially join together.
  19. An apparatus according to claim 17, characterized in that the discharge end of screw (61) is surrounded by a cylindrical or conical casing (73), which separates mass tower (71) from the apparatus.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Procédé de traitement de la pulpe dans un appareil comportant des surfaces filtrantes en rotation divisées de préférence en compartiments, dans lequel la pulpe est conduite dans l'appareil en fournissant la pulpe dans un état pressurisé, dans la chambre de pression, amenant la pulpe dans un état fluide en fluidifiant la pulpe dans la chambre de pression, et diffusant la pulpe sur les surfaces filtrantes en rotation sous forme d'une couche sensiblement uniforme, et dans lequel la pulpe est ensuite traitée avant d'être retirée desdites surfaces.
  2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que la pulpe est pompée à partir de l'appareil de traitement précédent à une consistance d'environ 8 à 20% et est conduite vers l'appareil à la même consistance.
  3. Procédé selon les revendications 1 et 2, caractérisé en ce que l'air est déplacé de la pulpe ayant la consistance d'environ 8 à 20% avant l'amenée de la pulpe vers la chambre de pression.
  4. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1-3, caractérisé en ce que la pulpe est amenée dans l'appareil à une pression et à une vitesse élevées, de façon que la pulpe s'écoule dans ledit appareil de façon à remplir uniformément l'espace de traitement.
  5. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1-4, caractérisé en ce que l'amenée le traitement et la décharge de la pulpe à partir du dispositif sont réalisés sans dilution.
  6. Appareil pour traiter la pulpe en connexion avec une opération de lavage ou d'un autre traitement,lequel appareil (1) inclut au moins une surface filtrante capable de tourner (8), une contre-surface stationnaire (7) située en face de la surface filtrante, une zone de traitement (10) formée entre la surface filtrante (8) et la contre-surface (7), un dispositif d'alimentation (20,30,40) pour amener la suspension vers la zone de traitement (10), le dispositif d'alimentation (20,30,40) comprenant au moins une chambre de pression (21,31,41), où la chambre de pression (21,31,41) est disposée pour fluidifier la suspension, au moins une conduite d'entrée (22,32,42) pour introduire la suspension dans la chambre de pression (21, 31,41), et au moins une ouverture d'alimentation (23, 33,43) pour transférer la suspension de la chambre de pression (21, 31,41) à la zone de traitement (10), et des dispositifs pour le déchargement de la pulpe de l'appareil.
  7. Appareil selon la revendication 6, caractérisé en ce que l'appareil pour amener la pulpe vers la chambre de pression (21,31,41) est une pompe centrifuge à fluidification prévue avec décharge d'air.
  8. Appareil selon la revendication 6, caractérisé en ce que les éléments (26,45,46) facilitant l'écoulement sont montés dans la chambre de pression (21,41) près de l'orifice de la conduite d'alimentation en pulpe (23,43).
  9. Appareil selon la revendication 8, caractérisé en ce que les élements (26,46) facilitant l'écoulement sont des rotors.
  10. Appareil selon la revendication 6, caractérisé en ce que la chambre de pression (21, 31, 41) est formée de façon à créer une suspension de pulpe en forme de bande s'écoulant à partir des ouvertures (23, 33, 43).
  11. Appareil selon la revendication 6, caractérisé en ce que la pulpe est divisée en branches par un dispositif (51) et est conduite par les tuyaux (53,56) vers les diffuseurs (57) dans lesquels elle est répartie sous forme de bandes, lesquelles bandes se rejoignent dans la boîte d'alimentation (58) de l'appareil.
  12. Appareil selon la revendication 6, caractérisé en ce que l'appareil (1) comprend un tambour capable de tourner prévu avec des surfaces filtrantes (8), tambour dont la surface est divisée en compartiments (10) avec des nervures radiales (9).
  13. Appareil selon la revendication 6, caractérisé en ce que l'appareil comprend une pluralité de secteurs à disque/disques en rotation prévus avec les surfaces filtrantes .
  14. Appareil selon la revendication 14, caractérisé en ce que l'aire de la surface d'écoulement de la conduite d'entrée (22,32,42) est supérieure à l'aire de la surface totale de la conduite d'alimentation ou des conduites d'alimentation (23,33,43).
  15. Appareil selon la revendication 6, caractérisé en ce que le(s) dispositif(s) pour le déchargement de la pâte comprend (comprennent) un convoyeur à vis et une pompe centrifuge (62) disposée près de l'extrémité de décharge de la vis sans fin (61) à proximité de la zone de traitement de l'appareil.
  16. Appareil selon la revendication 15, caractérisé en ce que l'extrémité de décharge de la vis sans fin (61) est reliée à une tour à pulpe (63,71), dans la communication de laquelle est disposée une pompe centrifuge (62).
  17. Appareil selon la revendication 15, caractérisé en ce que la vis sans fin (61) est connectée à la partie inférieure de la tour à pulpe (71) près de l'ouverture d'aspiration de la pompe (62).
  18. Appareil selon la revendication 17, caractérisé en ce que l'extrémité de décharge de la vis sans fin (61) et l'ouverture d'aspiration de la pompe (62) se rejoignent sensiblement.
  19. Appareil selon la revendication 17, caractérisé en ce que l'extrémité de décharge de la vis sans fin (61) est entourée d'une enveloppe cylindrique ou cônique (73), laquelle sépare la tour à pulpe (71) de l'appareil.






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