PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0523069 04.03.1993
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0523069
Titel WERKZEUGHALTER MIT EINEM RADIALWECHSELMECHANISMUS.
Anmelder Kennametal Inc., Latrobe, Pa., US
Erfinder RAMUNAS, S., Valdas, Solon, OH 44117, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 16.01.1991
EP-Aktenzeichen 919054585
WO-Anmeldetag 16.01.1991
PCT-Aktenzeichen US9100314
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 9115322
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 17.10.1991
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 20.01.1993
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 04.03.1993
IPC-Hauptklasse B23C 7/00

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a tool holder as defined in the preamble of claim 1, which tool holder is constructed so as to enable the tool adapter to be removed and inserted in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the tool.

Most standard tools have long tapered or cylindrical shanks which insert into tool shank bores in a tool holder. The tool is removed from the holder by pulling it axially from the tool holder until the back end of the shank clears the forward face of the holder. In most instances, manipulation of the machine spindle or work piece is necessary in order to provide clearance for changing the tools.

Tool holders are known which permit the tool to be inserted and removed in a direction perpendicular to the axis of the tool holder. For instance, US-A-4,176,991 representing the closest prior art, discloses a hinged tool holder adapter which mounts to the machine tool. The tool holder adapter includes a tool shank bore which is open on one side. The tool is provided with an adapter extension insertable into the tool shank bore in a direction normal to the axis of the spindle. A clamping gate is hinged along the side of the tool holder so that it may be opened in door-like fashion to permit insertion and removal of the tool.

US-A-3,998,560 discloses a coupling in which a square shaft having a reduced diameter groove is axially restrained by a pair of retaining pins which fit into the groove to prevent the shaft from moving lengthwise. The square shaft is free to move axially until the groove is contacted by one of the retaining pins. These retaining pins contribute nothing to lateral restraint of the square shaft. Roller bearings are responsible for this in a manner completely independent from the retaining pins.

The present invention as defined in claim 1 is a tool holder particularly adapted to permit insertion and removal of a tool means into a tool holder in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the tool holder. The tool holder comprises a generally cylindrical main body having a tool cavity formed in one end thereof. The tool cavity is adapted to receive the tool means and includes an open side which permits lateral insertion of the tool means into the cavity. A locking element having a u-shaped locking collar is mounted to the main body for locking the tool means into the cavity. The u-shaped collars defines a tool slot having a tool slot opening. The locking element is rotatable with respect to the main body between a locked position and an unlocked position. In the unlocked position, the tool slot opening aligns with the open side of the tool cavity to permit lateral insertion and removal of the tool means into and out of the cavity. When the locking element is rotated to a locked position the tool slot opening is moved out of alignment with the open side of the tool cavity to prevent removal of the tool means. At the same time, the u-shaped collar frictionally engages with the tool means to clamp the tool means in place.

In another embodiment of the invention, the tool holder includes an indexable adjustment ring disposed between the main body and the locking element. The adjustment ring includes external threads which engage with corresponding threads on the locking element. The adjustment ring includes a plurality of inwardly projecting teeth which define a plurality of indexing grooves. An indexing member projects from the main body and is engagable with any one of the indexing grooves of the adjustment ring. The thread position of the adjustment ring can therefore be adjusted by disengaging the adjustment ring from the indexing member, rotating it to a new position, and re-engaging the adjustment ring with the indexing member.

In yet another embodiment of the invention, the locking element is secured in a locked position by means of a separable clamping element. The clamping element includes an inwardly projecting flange at its upper end which engages with an outwardly projecting flange on the lower end of the locking element. The clamping element screws onto the end of the main body. The locking element is secured by screwing the clamping element onto the main body until the flange at its upper end frictionally engages with the flange of the locking element.

Based on the foregoing, it is the primary object of the present invention to provide a tool holder which permits insertion and removal of the tool means in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the tool, thereby making it unnecessary to manipulate the machine or work piece in order to provide excess clearance.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a tool holder in which the individual components thereof are interchangeable from one tool holder to another.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a tool holder which includes positive means for positioning the tool means.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a tool holder which permits rapid interchange of one tool means for another.

Other objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent and obvious from a study of the following description and the accompanying drawings which are merely illustrative of such invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • Figure 1 is an exploded perspective of the tool holder assembly of the present invention;
  • Figure 2 is an exploded perspective of the tool adapter sub-assembly;
  • Figure 3 is a partial section view of the tool adapter sub-assembly;
  • Figure 4 is an end view of the tool holder assembly with the locking element shown in dotted lines and in an unlocked position;
  • Figure 5 is an end view of the tool holder assembly with the locking element shown in dotted lines and in a locked position;
  • Figure 6 is a section view of the locking element;
  • Figure 7 is a plan view of the locking element; Figure 8 is a partial section view of the entire tool holder assembly;
  • Figure 9 is a perspective view of the tool holder assembly with the locking element in a position to permit lateral insertion and removal of the tool adapter sub-assembly;
  • Figure 10 is a perspective view of the tool holder assembly with the locking element in a position to prevent removal of the tool adapter sub-assembly;
  • Figure 11 is a partial section of a second embodiment of the tool holder which includes an indexable adjusting ring;
  • Figure 12 is a perspective view of the indexable adjusting ring;
  • Figure 13 is a perspective view of a third embodiment of the tool holder omitting the tool adapter sub-assembly;
  • Figure 14 is a partial section of the third embodiment.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Referring now to Figure 1, the tool holder of the present invention is shown therein and indicated generally by the numeral 10. The tool holder 10 includes a main body 12, a locking element 14, and a tool holder sub-assembly 16. The tool holder subassembly 16 is adapted to grip the shank of a tool 18 such as a drill bit or an end mill.

The tool adapter sub-assembly 16, illustrated in Figures 2 and 3, generally comprises an adapter 60, a standard double angle collet 62, and a nosepiece 64. The adapter 60 is a generally cylindrical member having an externally threaded tool end 66, a neck portion 68 and an outwardly extending adapter flange 70. The adapter flange 70 has a bevelled upper surface 72 adapted to be engaged by the locking element 14 as will be hereinafter described. Opposing flat surfaces 74 are formed in the neck 68 which are adapted to be engaged by a wrench to facilitate tightening of the nose piece 64.

The adapter 60 is formed with an axial bore 76 adapted to receive the collet 62. As shown best in Figure 3, the axial bore 76 includes a first conical segment 78 adjacent the tool end of the adapter 60, a cylindrical segment 80, a second conical segment 82 near the flange end of the adapter 60, and a second cylindrical segment 84.

The collet 62 is a conventional double angle, split sleeve collet which is generally cylindrical and which includes a straight internal bore 90 for receiving the shank of the tool 18. The collet 62 includes a plurality of axially extending slots 92 which are equally spaced around the collet. The slots 92 are arranged so that one alternating series of slots opens at the tool end of the collet 62 and the opposite alternating series of slots 92 opens at the end of the collet which is inserted into the adapter 60. These alternating slots 92 make it possible for the collet 62 to collapse on the tool shank and to provide a gripping force for holding the tool 18.

The tool end of the collet 62 includes an enlargement 96 with conical segments 98 and 100 formed on opposite sides thereof. The conical segment 98 is adapted to be engaged by a corresponding surface in the nose piece 64. The conical segment 100 is adapted to engage with the first conical segment 78 in the tool end of the adapter 60. A third conical segment 102 is formed at the insert end of the collet 62 and is adapted to engage the conical segment 82 formed near the flange end of the adapter 60.

The nose piece 64 has a generally hexagonal configuration and includes six flat surfaces 110 adapted to be engaged by a wrench means. The nose piece 64 is formed with a central opening 112 through which the tool 18 extends. The central opening 112 is formed with threads at its lower extent as indicated at 114. A conical abutment surface 116 is formed on the inner surface of the nose piece 64 which is adapted to engage the conical segment 98 on the collet 62.

The tool adapter sub-assembly 16 functions in the same manner as a conventional collet and adapter. When the nose piece 64 is threaded onto the collet 62, the abutment surface 116 cooperates with the conical segment 98 of the collet 62 to press the collet 62 into the adapter 60. As the collet 62 is forced into the adapter 60 by the nose piece 64, the conical segments 100 and 102 cooperate with the conical segments 78 and 82 of the adapter 60 to collapse the collet 62 onto the shank of the tool 18. In contrast to a conventional collet and adapter, the tool adapter sub-assembly 16 is designed so that it can be mounted to the main body 12 by moving it in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the main body 12. Thus, no axial movement of the tool 18 or tool adapter sub-assembly 16 is needed in order to mount the tool.

Referring back to Figure 1, the main body 12 is illustrated. The main body 12 includes a threaded end portion 30 having an end face 31. The end face 31 is disposed perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis of the main body 12. A u-shaped wall 22 is formed on the end face 31 of the main body 12 which defines a shallow tool receiving cavity 20 having an open side 24. The central portion 22a of the u-shaped wall 22 is a semicircle centered about the longitudinal axis of the main body 12. The end portions 22b of the u-shaped wall extend tangentially from the central portion 22a and terminate at the edge of the main body 12. The open space 24 between the end portions 22b allows for lateral insertion and removal of the tool adapter subassembly 16 into and from the tool cavity 20.

As shown best in Figures 4 and 5, the circular flange 70 of the adapter 60 is dimensioned to fit within the tool cavity 20 and to seat against the central portion 22a of the u-shaped wall 22. To prevent relative rotation between the tool adapter subassembly 16 and main body 12, a dowel pin 26 extends upwardly from the end face 31 which is adapted to engage with a notch 37 in the tool adapter subassembly. The engagement of the dowel pin 26 with the side walls of the notch 37 prevents rotation of the adapter 60.

The function of the locking element 14, shown in Figures 6 and 7, is to secure the tool adapter subassembly 16 in the tool cavity 20 of the main body 12. The locking element 14 is rotatably mounted to the end portion 30 of the main body 12 so as to rotate about the longitudinal axis of the main body 12. The locking element 14 includes a ring portion 40 and a u-shaped collar 42.

The collar 42 includes an inwardly projecting flange 48 having a bevelled surface 52 on its underside and a vertical end wall 54. The flange 48 defines a tool slot 43 having a tool slot opening 50 which extends from the edge of the locking element 14 to a point just beyond the center. The end wall 54 surrounding the tool slot 43 is rounded concentrically with the central portion of the u-shaped wall 22.

When mounted to the main body 12, the flange 48 projects inwardly over the u-shaped wall 22. The space between the overhanging portion of the flange 48 and the end face 31 of the main body 12 defines a u-shaped channel. As shown best in Figure 8, sufficient clearance is provided between the flange 48 and the end face 31 of the main body 12 so that the tool means can be slid laterally into the tool slot 50 with the periphery of the adapter flange 70 extending into the u-shaped channel formed between the flange 48 and end face 31.

The ring portion 40 of the locking element 14 provides means for mounting the locking element 14 to the main body. In particular, the ring portion 40 is formed with threads 44 which engage with the corresponding threads on the end portion 30 of the main body. To retain the locking element 14 on the main body 12, a stop screw 56 is threaded into a tapped hole formed in the flange 48 of the collar. The end of the stop screw 56 projects downwardly from the flange 48 into an annular recess 23 formed in the backside of the u-shaped wall 22. With the stop screw 56 inserted, rotation of the locking element 42 with respect to the main body 12 is limited to an arc of approximately 90. by engagement of the end of the stop screw 56 against the ends of the annular recess 23. The ring portion 40 is formed with a plurality of vertical slots 46 into which a tool can be inserted to tighten or loosen the locking element 14. Also, it is preferred that the outer surface of the ring portion 40 be roughened to improve one's grip on the locking element 14.

In use, the locking element 14 is fixed to the main body 12. In particular, the locking element is threaded onto the main body 12 until the clearance between the flange 48 and end face 31 is such that the adapter flange 70 slides easily into the u-shaped channel surrounding the tool slot 43 but is sufficiently close that the flange 48 of the locking element 14 engages the adapter flange 70 upon rotation of the locking element 14 to a locked position. The stop screw 56 is then threaded into its corresponding tapped hole in the locking element 14 until the end thereof projects into the annular recess 23 in the ushaped wall 22. The stop screw 56 limits the travel of the locking element 14 to an arc of approximately 90 degrees thereby preventing removal of the locking element 14.

At one extreme of the 90# arc, referred to herein as the unlocked position, the tool slot opening 50 is radially aligned with the open side 24 of the tool cavity 20. The tool holder is shown in the unlocked position in Figures 4 and 9. In this position, the tool adapter sub-assembly 16 can be inserted into or removed from the tool cavity 20 by moving it in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the main body 12 as shown by the double-headed arrow in Figure 9. While inserting the tool adapter sub-assembly 16, the periphery of the adapter flange 70 passes beneath the overhanging portion of the locking element flange 48 until the edge of the adapter flange 70 engages the central portion of the u-shaped wall 22. The notch 37 engages with the dowel pin 26 to prevent relative rotation between the adapter 60 and main body 12.

Once the tool adapter sub-assembly 16 is inserted into the tool cavity 18, the locking element 14 is rotated in a clockwise direction as shown in Figures 5 and 10. As the locking element 14 is rotated, the end wall 54 of the flange 48 increasingly bears against the neck 68 of the adapter 60 thereby forcing the edge of the adapter flange 70 to seat firmly against the u-shaped wall 22. The seating of the flange 70 against the u-shaped wall 22 assures accurate radial positioning of the tool adapter sub-assembly 16 with respect to the main body 12. At the same time, the bevelled clamping surface 52 increasingly bears against the top surface of the adapter flange 70 to firmly press the sub-assembly 16 against the end face 31 of the main body 12. The frictional engagement of the flange 48 with the adapter flange 70 not only secures the tool means in the tool cavity 20, but also prevents the locking element from inadvertently rotating back to the unlocked position.

To change the tool adapter sub-assembly 16, the locking element 14 is rotated counterclockwise until the tool slot opening 50 is realigned with the side opening 24 of the tool cavity 20. The tool adapter sub-assembly 16 can then be slid laterally out of the tool cavity 20 and a new tool adapter sub-assembly 16 can be inserted in the same manner.

Referring now to Figures 11 and 12, a second embodiment of the present invention is shown therein. The second embodiment is substantially the same as the first embodiment although it incorporates an adjustment ring 130. In the first embodiment, the fixed thread position on the main body 12 and the locking element 14 requires that each locking element 14 be matched to a main body 12. Therefore, the locking elements 14 are not interchangeable from one tool holder 10 to another. The adjustment ring 130 of the second embodiment is designed to alleviate this problem by providing means for adjusting thread orientation.

In the second embodiment, the main body 12 is modified to accommodate the adjustment ring 130. In particular, the end portion 30 of the main body is enlarged so as to define a downwardly facing shoulder 34. Further, the end portion 30 of the main body is, in contrast to the first embodiment, non-threaded. An indexing member 36 projects radially from the main body 12 immediately below the downwardly facing shoulder 34. Only one indexing member 36 is shown in the second embodiment, although it is appreciated that more than one may be used.

The adjustment ring 130 is a generally annular shaped member and includes a plurality of inwardly projecting teeth 132 along the lower edge thereof. The teeth 132 define a plurality of indexing grooves or recesses 134 which are adapted to engage with the indexing member 36 on the main body 12. The exterior of the adjustment ring 130 is provided with threads 136 which are adapted to engage with the internal threads 44 on the locking ring 40. It should be noted that the ring portion 40 of the locking element 14 is modified to accommodate the adjustment ring 130. The primary difference between the locking element 14 of the second embodiment as compared to the first embodiment is that the inside diameter of the threaded portion 44 is enlarged and defines a shoulder 54 adjacent to the threaded portion 44.

In use, the adjustment ring 130 slides onto the main body 12 until the inwardly projecting teeth 132 engage the downwardly facing shoulder 34 of the end portion 30. The indexing member 36 projecting from the main body 12 engages one of the indexing grooves 134 on the adjustment ring 130 to hold the adjustment ring 130 against rotation. The locking element 14 threads onto the adjustment ring 130. As the locking element 14 is tightened, the adjustment ring 130 is drawn upward to firmly engage the teeth 132 with the downwardly facing shoulder 34 of the main body 12. The tool adapter subassembly 16 is mounted to the tool holder 10 in the same manner as in the first embodiment.

The adjustment ring 130 of the second embodiment provides means for adjusting the angular orientation of the threads 136 so that the locking elements 114 are interchangeable from one tool holder 10 to another. More particularly, to change the orientation of the threads 136, the locking element 14 is screwed out of engagement with the adjustment ring 130. When the locking element 14 is removed, the adjustment ring 130 can be indexed. Indexing the adjustment ring 130 is accomplished by moving the adjustment ring 130 axially out of engagement with the indexing member 36, rotating the adjustment ring 130 to a new position, and then moving the adjustment ring 130 axially to re-engage the adjustment ring 130 with the indexing member 36. In the embodiment shown, there are twenty-four equally spaced teeth 132 and indexing grooves 134. This enables the adjustment ring 130 to be incremented in 15. increments.

Referring now to Figures 13 and 14, a third embodiment of the present invention is shown. The third embodiment includes a main body 212 and a locking element 214. The third embodiment also includes a tool adapter sub-assembly which is identical to the tool adapter sub-assembly of the first two embodiments. In addition, the third embodiment of the tool holder 200 includes a clamping element 260 for securing the locking element 214 in the locked position by frictional engagement.

The main body 212 is similar to the first main body of the embodiment in that it includes an end portion 230 terminating in an end face 231. A u-shaped wall 222 is formed on the end face 231 which defines a u-shaped cavity 220 having an open side 224. The main body 212, in contrast to the first embodiment, includes an annular ring 224 including a top surface 236 adjacent to the end portion 230.

The locking element 214 includes a ring portion 240 and a u-shaped collar 242. The ring portion 240 includes an outwardly extending flange 244. The collar 242, which is substantially the same as the first embodiment, includes an inwardly projecting flange 248 which defines a tool slot 243. The tool slot 243 extends from one side of the locking element 214 where it defines a tool slot opening 250. Unlike the first embodiment two embodiments, the locking element 214 does not include threads on its inside diameter. Instead, the locking element 214 is adapted to insert over the end portion 230 of the main body 212 as best shown in Figure 14.

The clamping element 260 is a ring-like member which includes an inwardly projecting flange 262 defining a central opening 264. The clamping element 260 is internally threaded to screw onto the main body 212. When the clamping element 260 is screwed onto annular ring 234 of the main body 212, the locking element 214 projects through the central opening 264 of the clamping element 260. When the clamping element 260 is tightened, the inwardly projecting flange 262 engages the outwardly projecting flange 244 of the locking element 214 to pull the locking element 214 downwardly so that the flange 248 of the collar 242 engages the outwardly projecting adapter flange 70.

To use the tool holder 200 of the third embodiment, the locking element 214 is inserted over the end portion 230 of the main body 212. The clamping element 260 is threaded onto the annular ring 234 so that the locking element 214 projects through the central opening 264. Prior to tightening the clamping ring 260, the tool slot opening 250 is aligned with the open side 224 of the tool cavity 220. In this position, the tool adapter sub-assembly 16 can be inserted into or removed from the tool cavity 220 in the same manner as in the previous embodiments.

When the tool adapter sub-assembly is inserted, the locking element 214 is rotated approximately 90 degrees so that the u-shaped wall 222 extends across the tool slot opening 250 thereby preventing removal of the tool adapter sub-assembly 16. The clamping element 260 is then tightened down so that the inwardly projecting flange 262 engages the outwardly projecting flange 244 of the locking element 214. The tightening of the clamping element 260 causes the flange 248 of the locking element to engage the outwardly projecting adapter flange 70. The frictional engagement of the locking element 214 with the clamping element 260 and the adapter flange 70 keeps the locking element 214 from rotating back to the unlocked position unpurposefully.

To change tool adapter sub-assembly 16, the clamping element 260 is loosened to allow the locking element 214 to be rotated back to a position in which the tool slot opening 250 aligns with the open side 224 of the tool cavity 220. The tool means can then be exchanged as earlier described.

From the foregoing, it is apparent that the present invention provides a tool holder which allows for rapid interchange of one tool means for another with no axial travel of the tool means being required. The tool holder thus eliminates the need to manipulate the machine element or work piece to provide excess clearance for changing the tools.

The present invention may, of course, carried out in other specific ways than those herein set forth without parting from the essential characteristics of the invention as claimed. The present embodiments are, therefore, to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, and all changes coming within the meaning and equivalency range of the appended Claims are intended to be embraced therein.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Werkzeughalter (10) zum lösbaren Befestigen eines Werkzeugadapters (60), mit einem nach außen vorstehenden Flansch (70), wobei der Adapter (60) ein Werkzeug (18) aufnimmt und hält und wobei ein Hauptkörper (12) mit einem Werkzeughohlraum (20) zum Aufnehmen des Werkzeugadapters (60) gebildet ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß
    • (a) der Werkzeughohlraum (20) eine offene Seite (24) aufweist, um ein seitliches Einsetzen und Entfernen des Werkzeugadapterflansches (70) in den und aus dem Werkzeughohlraum (20) zu ermöglichen;
    • (b) ein Verriegelungselement (14) um eine sich in Längsrichtung erstreckende Achse bezüglich des Hauptkörpers (12) zwischen einer nichtverriegelten Position und einer verriegelten Position drehbar ist, wobei das Verriegelungselement (14) am Hauptkörper (12) zum Verriegeln des Werkzeugadapters (60) in Drehrichtung und in axialer Richtung in dem Werkzeughohlraum (20) des Hauptkörpers (12) befestigt ist;
    • (c) das Verriegelungselement (14) einen insgesamt U-förmigen Bund (42) aufweist, der einen Werkzeugschlitz (43) mit einer Werkzeugschlitzöffnung bildet, die sich radial zur offenen Seite (24) des Werkzeughohlraums (20) ausrichtet, um das seitliche Einsetzen und Entfernen des Werkzeugadapterflansches (70) in den und aus dem Werkzeughohlraum (20) zu ermöglichen, wenn sich das Verriegelungselement (14) in der nichtverriegelten Position befindet und das bei Drehung des Verriegelungselements (14) in die verriegelte Position aus der Ausrichtung mit der offenen Seite (24) des Werkzeughohlraums (20) bewegt wird, so daß der Werkzeugadapter (60) und der Flansch (70) in dem Werkzeughohlraum (20) verriegelt sind; und
    • (d) eine Klemmeinrichtung zum sicheren Klemmen des Verriegelungselements (14) am Hauptkörper (12) vorgesehen ist.
  2. Werkzeughalter (10) nach Anspruch 1, bei dem die Klemmeinrichtung aus einem Klemmelement (262) besteht, das ein Innengewinde aufweist, welches ein Außengewinde auf dem Hauptkörper (12) erfaßt, um das Verriegelungselement (14) gegen den Hauptkörper (12) zu drücken.
  3. Werkzeughalter (10) nach Anspruch 2, bei welchem das Verriegelungselement (14) weiter einen nach innen vorstehenden Flansch (48) umfaßt, der einen Teil des U-förmigen Bundes (42) bildet und in der Lage ist, den Werkzeugadapter (60) zu erfassen und ihn zunehmend abzustützen, wenn das Verriegelungselement (14) in seine verriegelte Position gedrückt wird.
  4. Werkzeughalter (10) nach Anspruch 1, der ferner eine Einrichtung (37, 26) zum Halten des Werkzeugadapters (60) gegen eine Drehung bezüglich des Hauptkörpers (12) aufweist.
  5. Werkzeughalter (10) nach Anspruch 4, bei welchem die Einrichtung zum Halten des Werkzeugadapters (60) gegen eine Drehung eine in dem Werkzeugadapter (60) oder dem Hauptkörper (12) gebildete Keilnut (37) mit entgegengesetzten Seiten sowie ein von dem anderen der beiden Teile vorstehendes Keilelement (26) aufweist, wobei das Keilelement (26) in die Keilnut (27) eingesetzt werden und an deren Seiten angreifen kann, um eine Drehung des Werkzeugadapters (60) relativ zu dem Hauptkörper (12) zu verhindern.
  6. Werkzeughalter (10) nach Anspruch 1, der weiter eine Einrichtung zum Positionieren des Werkzeugadapters (60) in dem Werkzeughohlraum (20) aufweist.
  7. Werkzeughalter (10) nach Anspruch 6, bei welchem die Positioniereinrichtung eine Endwand (54) aufweist, die an dem U-förmigen Bund (42) gebildet ist und den Werkzeugschlitz (43) umgibt, wobei die Endwand (54) an dem Werkzeugadapter (60) angreifen und ihn in eine vorbestimmte Position in dem Werkzeughohlraum (20) drücken kann.
  8. Werkzeughalter (10) nach Anspruch 1, bei welchem das Verriegelungselement (14) einen Verriegelungsringabschnitt (40) umfaßt, der an dem U-förmigen Bund (42) angeformt ist.
  9. Werkzeughalter (10) nach Anspruch 8, bei welchem der Endabschnitt (30) des Hauptkörpers (12) mit einem Außengewinde versehen ist und bei welchem der Verriegelungsringabschnitt (40) entsprechende Gewinde umfaßt, die mit den Gewinden an dem Hauptkörper (12) in Eingriff gelangen können.
  10. Werkzeughalter (10) nach Anspruch 9, der ferner eine Einrichtung (23, 56) zum Begrenzen der Drehung des Verriegelungselements (14) bezüglich des Hauptkörpers (12) aufweist.
  11. Werkzeughalter (10) nach Anspruch 10, bei welchem die Einrichtung zum Begrenzen der Drehung des Verriegelungselements (14) eine in dem Hauptkörper (12) ausgebildete ringförmige Ausnehmung (23) und eine Anschlagschraube (56) umfaßt, die in ein Gewindeloch im Verriegelungselement (14) gedreht ist, so daß das Ende der Anschlagschraube (56) in die ringförmige Ausnehmung (23) ragt, wobei das Ende der Anschlagschraube (56) mit den Enden der ringförmigen Ausnehmung (23) in Eingriff gelangen kann, um die Drehung des Verriegelungselements (14) zu begrenzen.
  12. Werkzeughalter (10) nach Anspruch 1, der weiter einen am Hauptkörper (12) angebrachten, weiterschaltbaren Einstellring (130) sowie eine Einrichtung umfaßt, um das Verriegelungselement (14) am Einstellring (130) drehbar anzubringen.
  13. Werkzeughalter (10) nach Anspruch 12, bei welchem der weiterschaltbare Einstellring (130) einen mit einem Gewinde versehenen äußeren Umfang (136) aufweist und das Verriegelungselement (14) einen mit einem Gewinde versehenen inneren Umfang aufweist, wobei das Verriegelungselement (14) mit dem Einstellring (130) in Eingriff gelangen kann.
  14. Werkzeughalter (10) nach Anspruch 13, bei welchem der Einstellring (130) eine innere Oberfläche aufweist, die mit einer Vielzahl von umfangsmäßig beabstandeten Schaltnuten (134) versehen ist, und bei welchem der Hauptkörper (12) ein Weiterschaltelement (36) aufweist, das mit den Schaltnuten (134) des Einstellrings (130) in Eingriff gelangen kann, um den Einstellring (130) in jeder der zahlreichen unterschiedlichen Winkelpositionen bezüglich des Hauptkörpers (12) fest zu sichern.
  15. Werkzeughalter (10) nach Anspruch 14, bei welchem der Endabschnitt (30) des Hauptkörpers (12) eine Schulter (34) aufweist, die an dem Einstellring (130) angreifen kann, und der Einstellring (130) in Eingriff mit der Schulter (34) gedrückt wird, wenn das Verriegelungselement (14) aus der nichtverriegelten Position in die verriegelte Position gedreht wird.
  16. Werkzeughalter (10) nach Anspruch 1, bei welchem die Klemmeinrichtung ein Klemmelement (260) zum Sichern des Verriegelungselements (14) in der verriegelten Position umfaßt.
  17. Werkzeughalter (10) nach Anspruch 16, bei welchem das Klemmelement (260) ein insgesamt zylindrisches Teil ist, das einen nach innen vorstehenden Flansch (262) aufweist, der eine zentrale Öffnung (264) bildet, durch die sich das Verriegelungselement (214) erstreckt, wobei das Verriegelungselement (240) einen nach außen vorstehenden Flansch (244) aufweist, der mit dem nach innen vorstehenden Flansch (262) des Klemmelements (260) in Eingriff gelangen kann.
  18. Werkzeughalter (10) nach Anspruch 17, bei welchem das Klemmelement (260) Gewinde aufweist, die mit entsprechenden Gewinden an dem Hauptkörper (212) in Eingriff gelangen können, so daß, wenn das Klemmelement (260) auf den Hauptkörper (212) geschraubt wird, der nach innen vorstehende Flansch (262) immer stärker an dem nach außen vorstehenden Flansch (244) des Verriegelungselements (214) anliegt, um das Verriegelungselement (214) gegen den Werkzeugadapter (60) zu ziehen.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A tool holder (10) for releasably securing a tool adapter (60) with an outwardly projecting flange (70), wherein said adapter (60) receives and holds a tool (18) and wherein a main body (12) is formed with a tool cavity (20) for receiving the tool adapter (60), characterized in that
    • (a) said tool cavity (20) has an open side (24) to permit lateral insertion and removal of the tool adapter flange (70) into and from the tool cavity (20);
    • (b) a locking element (14) is rotatable about an axis extending longitudinally with respect to the main body (12) between an unlocked position and a locked position, said locking element (14) being mounted to the main body (12) for rotationally and axially locking the tool adapter (60) into the tool cavity (20) of the main body (12);
    • (c) the locking element (14) has a generally u-shaped collar (42) which defines a tool slot (43) having a tool slot opening which aligns radially with the open side (24) of the tool cavity (20) to permit lateral insertion and removal of the tool adapter flange (70) into and from the tool cavity (20) when the locking element (14) is in the unlocked position, and which, upon rotation of the locking element (14) to the locked position, is moved out of alignement with the open side (24) of the tool cavity (20) so as to lock the tool adapter (60) and flange (70) within the tool cavity (20); and
    • (d) clamping means are provided for clamping the locking element (14) securely against said main body (12).
  2. The tool holder (10) according to claim 1 wherein the clamping means is comprised of a clamping element (262) having internal threads which engage with external threads on the main body (12) to urge the locking element (14) against the main body (12).
  3. The tool holder (10) according to claim 2 wherein said locking element (14) further comprises an inwardly projecting flange (48) forming a part of the u-shaped collar (42) which is adapted to engage and increasingly bear against the tool adapter (60) as the locking element (14) is urged to the locked position.
  4. The tool holder (10) according to claim 1 further including means (37, 26) for holding the tool adapter (60) against rotation with respect to the main body (12).
  5. The tool holder (10) according to claim 4 wherein the means for holding the tool adapter (60) against rotation comprises a keyway (37) having opposed sides formed in one of the tool adapter (60) and main body (12) and a key element (26) projecting from the other of the two parts, wherein the key element (26) is adapted to insert into the keyway (37) and to engage the sides thereof to prevent rotation of the tool adapter (60) relative to the main body (12).
  6. The tool holder (10) according to claim 1 further including means for positioning the tool adapter (60) within the tool cavity (20).
  7. The tool holder (10) according to claim 6 wherein the positioning means includes an end wall (54) formed on the u-shaped collar (42) and surrounding the tool slot (43), the end wall (54) being adapted to engage the tool adapter (60) and urge it into a predetermined position within the tool cavity (20).
  8. The tool holder (10) according to claim 1 wherein the locking element (14) includes a locking ring portion (40) integrally formed with the u-shaped collar (42).
  9. The tool holder (10) according to claim 8 wherein the end portion (30) of the main body (12) is externally threaded and wherein the locking ring portion (40) includes corresponding threads adapted to engage with the threads on the main body (12).
  10. The tool holder (10) according to claim 9 further including means (23, 56) for limiting rotation of the locking element (14) with respect to the main body (12).
  11. The tool holder (10) according to claim 10 wherein the means for limiting rotation of the locking element (14) comprises an annular recess (23) formed in the main body (12) and a stop screw (56) threaded into a tapped hole in the locking element (14) so that the end of the stop screw (56) projects into the annular recess (23), wherein the end of the stop screw (56) is adapted to engage with the ends of the annular recess (23) to limit rotation of the locking element (14).
  12. The tool holder (10) according to claim 1 further including an indexable adjustment ring (130) mounted to the main body (12), and means for rotatably mounting the locking element (14) to the adjustment ring (130).
  13. The tool holder (10) according to claim 12 wherein the indexable adjustment ring (130) has a threaded outer circumference (136) and wherein the locking element (14) includes a threaded inner circumference, wherein the locking element (14) is adapted to engage with the adjustment ring (130).
  14. The tool holder (10) according to claim 13 wherein the adjustment ring (130) includes an inner surface provided with a plurality of circumferentially spaced indexing grooves (134) and wherein the main body (12) includes an indexing element (36) adapted to engage with the indexing grooves (134) of the adjustment ring (130) to fixedly secure the adjustment ring (130) at any one of a plurality of different angular positions with respect to the main body (12).
  15. The tool holder (10) according to claim 14 wherein the end portion (30) of the main body (12) includes a shoulder (34) adapted to engage the adjustment ring (130), and wherein the adjustment ring (130) is urged into engagement with the shoulder (34) when the locking element (14) is rotated from the unlocked position to the locked position.
  16. The tool holder (10) according to claim 1 wherein said clamping means comprises a clamping element (260) for securing the locking element (14) in the locked position.
  17. The tool holder (10) according to claim 16 wherein the clamping element (260) is a generally cylindrical member having an inwardly projecting flange (262) which defines a central opening (264) through which the locking element (214) extends, the locking element (214) having an outwardly projecting flange (244) adapted to engage with the inwardly projecting flange (262) of the clamping element (260).
  18. The tool holder (10) according to claim 17 wherein the clamping element (260) includes threads adapted to engage with corresponding threads on the main body (212) so that when the clamping element (260) is screwed onto the main body (212) the inwardly projecting flange (262) increasingly bears against the outwardly projecting flange (244) of the locking element (214) to pull the locking element (214) against the tool adapter (60).
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Porte-outil (10) pour fixer, de manière amovible, un adaptateur d'outil (60) ayant une bride (70) saillant vers l'extérieur, dans lequel ledit adaptateur (60) loge et maintient un outil (18) et dans lequel un corps principal (12) est pourvu d'une cavité d'outil (20), pour loger l'adaptateur d'outil (60), caractérisé par le fait que
    • (a) ladite cavité d'outil (20) présente un côté ouvert (24) pour permettre une insertion latérale et un enlèvement de la bride d'adaptateur d'outil (70), dans et depuis la cavité d'outil (20);
    • (b) un élément de verrouillage (14) qui peut tourner autour d'un axe s'étendant longitudinalement par rapport au corps principal (12), entre une position déverrouillée et une position verrouillée, ledit élément de verrouillage (14) étant monté sur le corps principal (12) pour verrouilleren rotation et axialement l'adaptateur d'outil (60) dans la cavité d'outil (20) du corps principal (12);
    • (c) l'élément de verrouillage (14) présente une bague (42) globalement en forme de U, qui définit une fente d'outil (43) ayant une ouverture de fente d'outil s'alignant radialement avec le côté ouvert (24) de la cavité d'outil (20), pour permettre une insertion latérale et un enlèvement de la bride d'adaptateur d'outil (70), dans et depuis la cavité d'outil (20), lorsque l'élément de verrouillage (14) se trouve dans la position déverrouillée et qui, lors de la rotation de l'élément de verrouillage (14) pour venir dans la position verrouillée, est déplacée pour sortir de l'alignement avec le côté ouvert (24) de la cavité d'outil (20), de manière à verrouiller l'adaptateur d'outil (60) et la bride (70) dans la cavité d'outil (20); et
    • (d) des moyens de serrage sont prévus pour serrer l'élément de verrouillage (14) rigidement sur le corps principal (12).
  2. Porte-outil (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le moyen de serrage est constitué d'un élément de serrage (262) ayant des taraudages qui s'engagent contre des filetages situés sur le corps principal (12), pour pousser l'élément de verrouillage (14) contre le corps principal (12).
  3. Porte-outil (10) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel ledit élément de verrouillage (14) comprend en outre une bride (48) faisant saillie vers l'intérieur, faisant partie de la bague (42) en forme de U, qui est adaptée pour s'engager contre et porter de plus en plus sur l'adaptateur d'outil (60), lorsque l'élément de verrouillage (14) est poussé vers la position verrouillée.
  4. Porte-outil (10) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre des moyens (37, 26) pour empêcher l'adaptateur d'outil (60) de tourner par rapport au corps principal (12).
  5. Porte-outil (10) selon la revendication 4, dans lequel le moyen pour empêcher l'adaptateur d'outil (60) de tourner comprend une rainure de clavette (37) ayant des côtés opposés formés dans un élément parmi l'adaptateur d'outil (60) et le corps principal (12), et un élément de clavette (26) faisant saillie de l'autre des deux parties, dans lequel l'élément de clavette (26) est adapté pour s'insérer dans la rainure de clavette (37) et pour s'engager contre ses côtés, afin d'empêcher la rotation de l'adaptateur d'outil (6) par rapport au corps principal (12).
  6. Porte-outil (10) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre un moyen pour positionner l'adaptateur d'outil (60) dans la cavité d'outil (20).
  7. Porte-outil (10) selon la revendication 6, dans lequel le moyen de positionnement comprend une paroi d'extrémité (54) formée sur la bague (42) en forme de U et entourant la fente d'outil (43), la paroi d'extrémité (54) étant adaptée pour s'engager contre l'adaptateur d'outil (60) et le pousser dans une position prédéterminée dans cavité d'outil (20).
  8. Porte-outil (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'élément de verrouillage (14) comprend une partie annulaire de verrouillage (40) formée d'un seul tenant avec la bague (42) en forme de U.
  9. Porte-outil (10) selon la revendication 8, dans lequel la partie d'extrémité (30) du corps principal (12) est filetée et dans lequel la partie annulaire de verrouillage (40) comprend des filetages correspondants adaptés pour s'engager contre les filetages situés sur le corps principal (12).
  10. Porte-outil (10) selon la revendication 9, comprenant en outre des moyens (23, 56) pour limiter la rotation de l'élément de verrouillage (14) par rapport au corps principal (12).
  11. Porte-outil (10) selon la revendication 10, dans lequel le moyen pour limiter la rotation de l'élément de verrouillage (14) comprend une cavité annulaire (23) formée dans le corps principal (12) et une vis de butée (56) vissée dans un trou taraudé ménagé dans l'élément de verrouillage (14), de manière que l'extrémité de la vis de butée (56) fasse saillie dans la cavité annulaire (23), dans lequel l'extrémité de la vis de butée (56) est adaptée pour s'engager contre les extrémités de la cavité annulaire (23), pour limiter la rotation de l'élément de verrouillage (14).
  12. Porte-outil (10) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre une bague de réglage (130) indexable, montée sur le corps principal (12) et un moyen pour monter tournant l'élément de verrouillage (14) sur la bague de réglage (130).
  13. Porte-outil (10) selon la revendication 12, dans lequel la bague de réglage (130) indexable présente une circonférence extérieure (136) filetée et dans lequel l'élément de verrouillage (14) comprend une circonférence intérieure taraudée, dans lequel l'élément de verrouillage (14) est adapté pour s'engager contre la bague de réglage (130).
  14. Porte-outil (10) selon la revendication 13, dans lequel la bague de réglage (130) comprend une surface intérieure pourvue d'une pluralité de gorges d'indexation (134) espacées circonférentiellement et dans lequel le corps principal (12) comprend un élément d'indexation (36) adapté pour s'engager contre les gorges d'indexation (134) de la bague de réglage (130), afin de fixer rigidement la bague de réglage (130) dans l'une quelconque d'une pluralité de positions angulaires différentes par rapport au corps principal (12).
  15. Porte-outil (10) selon la revendication 14, dans lequel la partie d'extrémité (30) du corps principal (12) comprend un épaulement (34) adapté pour s'engager contre la bague de réglage (130) et dans lequel la bague de réglage (130) est poussée pour venir au contact de l'épaulement (34), lorsqu'on fait tourner l'élément de verrouillage (14) pour passer de la position déverrouillée à la position verrouillée.
  16. Porte-outil (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit moyen de serrage comprend un élément de serrage (260) pour fixer l'élément de verrouillage (14) dans la position verrouillée.
  17. Porte-outil (10) selon la revendication 16, dans lequel l'élément de serrage (260) est un organe globalement cylindrique, ayant une bride (262) faisant saillie vers l'intérieur, qui définit une ouverture centrale (264) traversée par l'élément de verrouillage (214), l'élément de verrouillage (214) ayant une bride (244) faisant saillie vers l'extérieur, adaptée pour s'engager contre la bride (262) faisant saillie vers l'intérieur de l'élément de serrage (260).
  18. Porte-outil (10) selon la revendication 17, dans lequel l'élément de serrage (260) comprend des filetages adaptés pour s'engager contre des filetages correspondants situés sur le corps principal (212), de manière que, lorsque l'élément de serrage (260) est vissé sur le corps principal (212), la bride (262) faisant saillie vers l'intérieur porte de plus en plus sur la bride (244) faisant saillie vers l'extérieur de l'élément de verrouillage (214), pour tirer l'élément de verrouillage (214) contre l'adaptateur d'outil (60).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

Anmelder
Datum

Patentrecherche

Patent Zeichnungen (PDF)

Copyright © 2008 Patent-De Alle Rechte vorbehalten. eMail: info@patent-de.com