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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0338135 15.09.1994
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0338135
Titel Druckplatte für Druck auf Wellpapier.
Anmelder Kureha Elastomer Co. Ltd., Osaka, JP
Erfinder Inoue, Shuji, Tsu-shi,Mie-ken, JP
Vertreter Kinzebach, W., Dipl.-Chem. Dr.phil.; Riedl, P., Dipl.-Chem. Dr.rer.nat.; Schweiger, G., Dipl.-Chem.Univ. Dr.rer.nat., Pat.-Anwälte, 81679 München
DE-Aktenzeichen 3851052
Vertragsstaaten AT, DE, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 23.12.1988
EP-Aktenzeichen 881216287
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 25.10.1989
EP date of grant 10.08.1994
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 15.09.1994
IPC-Hauptklasse B41N 1/14
IPC-Nebenklasse B41N 1/12   

Beschreibung[en]
Background of the Invention

The present invention relates to a printing plate for corrugated board.

The hitherto-known printing plates for corrugated board include a vulcanized assembly comprising a face layer and a reverse layer, each made of natural or synthetic rubber with a JIS rubber hardness of 30 to 60, and a textile or other reinforcing sheet interposed between said layers and a vulcanized assembly comprising a reverse rubber layer, a reinforcing sheet, an intermediate rubber layer and a thin face rubber layer built up in the order mentioned, said reverse rubber layer and intermediate rubber layer having a JIS rubber hardness of 30 to 60 and said face rubber layer having a JIS rubber hardness lower by 10 to 20 than the hardness of said intermediate rubber layer (Japanese Utility Model Publication No. 52064/1981).

The conventional printing plates for corrugated board are invariably solid rubber plates but there is a lower limit to hardness and it is impossible to lower the hardness to less than the JIS-A rubber hardness of 20. If the hardness is reduced to less than 20, the printing plate will be too soft to preclude an uneven print. On the other hand, if a material plate having a hardness of 30 or more is sculptured to prepare a relief printing plate and a corrugated board is printed using it, the printing pressure will be so high that an excess of printing ink deposits on the leading side of the projections of the plate to yield the so-called marginal zone. Another trouble is that the interliner is crushed by the printing pressure to cause a decrease in board strength. Particularly when the corrugated board is scored for folding and printed across the scores, the printing ink is not readily deposited at the scores to cause a local omission of printing. The attempt to overcome this drawback by increasing the printing pressure results in collapse of the interliner.

It is an object of this invention to provide an improved printing plate free of the above-mentioned disadvantages, wherein a rubber or resin foam sheet is used for reducing the required printing pressure to prevent a decrease in board strength, eliminating the occurrence of said marginal zone and the uneven impression at folding scores to assure a uniform and sharp print and facilitating removal of unwanted areas in sculpturing.

Summary of the Invention

The above-mentioned and other objects are accomplished by providing a printing plate comprising a rubber or plastic foam layer having a smooth surface layer in the thickness of 0.3 to 2.0 mm and a surface hardness of SRIS (C) 35-55.

The printing plate of this invention is manufactured by backing a sculptured rubber or plastic foam surface layer with a reinforcing sheet consisting of a base cloth and a rubber or resin cladding layer disposed on either side thereof, with said foam sheet being inseparably bonded to one of the interfaces between the base cloth and cladding layers of said reinforcing sheet. The peeling strength of said releasable interface is 0.5 to 3.0 kg/25 mm and the peeling strength of the remaining unreleasable interface is preferably not less than 4 kg/25 mm. Only if the above bond strength is obtainable, said releasable interface may be constituted by a vulcanized bond, an adhesive bond, a two-sided adhesive tape or any other appropriate bonding means.

Brief Description of the Drawings

  • Fig. 1 is a sectional view showing a printing plate for corrugated board according to this invention;
  • Fig. 2 is a sectional view of the printing plate illustrated in Fig. 1 which is provided with a reinforcing sheet;
  • Fig. 3 is a sectional view showing the printing plate illustrated in Fig. 2 which has been sculptured;
  • Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 3, showing a sculptured printing plate as another embodiment of the invention;
  • Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 2, showing a printing plate as another embodiment of the invention; and
  • Fig. 6 is a sectional view showing the printing plate of Fig. 5 which has been sculptured.

Detailed Description of the Preferred Embodiments

Referring to Fig. 1, a printing plate made of a rubber or resin foam sheet 1 comprises a foam layer 1b and a smooth skin layer 1a disposed on top of said foam layer 1b, said skin layer 1a having a thickness of 0.3 to 2.0 mm and an SRIS (C) hardness of 35 to 55. If the surface hardness of the printing plate is less than 35, the plate will be too soft to preclude an uneven print, while an SRIS (C) hardness in excess of 55 will provide an excess printing pressure as does the conventional solid rubber plate. This, coupled with the provision of a smooth skin layer 1a, assures that the printing ink is deposited evenly on the board surface, producing an even print. However, if the thickness of the skin layer 1a is less than 0.3 mm, the durability will be adversely affected, while if the thickness exceeds 2.0 mm, the dimensional stability of the plate is sacrificed to cause curling and produce an excess printing pressure as does the conventional solid rubber plate.

The surface roughness of the skin layer 1a is preferably not more than JIS Rmax = 100 µm. If it exceeds 100 µm, an uneven print will tend to be produced.

According to the embodiment shown in Fig. 1, a printing plate was prepared from natural rubber. This printing plate had a skin layer 1a with a thickness of 0.5 mm, a surface hardness of SRIS (C) 47, a skin layer surface roughness of JIS 10-point mean roughness of Rz = 11 µm and a JIS maximum height of Rmax = 15 µm. On the other hand, a control solid rubber printing plate was fabricated using the same kind of natural rubber with a JIS-A hardness of 40. Each of these printing plates was sculptured and mounted on the plate drum of a corrugated board printing press and a corrugated board [paper quality RK 220 g/m² x SCP 160 g/m² x MC 200 g/m², B-flute, sized (box inner size) 480 x 373 151 mm, R-form (Type A)] was printed at a printing pressure (clearance between the surface of the printing plate and the drum) of 2.5 mm and a drum speed of 60 RPM and the changes in thickness of the corrugated board and the compressive strengths of corrugated board boxes were compared. The results are shown in Table 1. This invention Control Thickness of corrugated board (mm) Before printing 2.844 2.844 After printing 2.825 2.736 Loss 0.019 0.108 Compressive strength of corrugated board box (kgf) Before printing 164.2 164.2 After printing 161.4 155.0 Loss 2.8 9.2

It is apparent from the above table that with the printing plate of this invention, the loss of thickness was as low as about 18% and the loss of compressive strength as low as about 30%, both compared with the control plate. Substantially no difference was found in the uniformity of impression between the printing plate of this invention and the control printing plate. However, an uneven print developed frequently with a printing plate of a foam sheet having a thin (0.3 mm) skin layer with a JIS 10-point mean roughness of Rz = 37 and a JIS maximum height of Rmax = 55.

Referring to the printing plate illustrated in Fig. 2, this printing plate comprises a surface rubber layer 1 which is a natural rubber foam sheet having a thickness of 6 mm and has a surface skin layer 1a which is 0.5 mm thick. It has a surface JIS 10-point mean roughness of Rz = 11 and a JIS maximum height of Rmax = 15 µm. The printing plate further comprises a reinforcing sheet 2 which consists of a base cloth 2a and a 0.85 mm thick rubber cladding layer 2b, 2c vulcanized to either side of the base cloth, with the upper rubber cladding layer 2b being bonded to the underside of said surface rubber layer 1 with the aid of a two-sided acrylic adhesive tape in such a manner that it can be peeled off. The peeling strength was 1.2 kg/25 mm.

The surface rubber layer 1 of this printing plate was sculptured as shown in Fig. 3. Thus, the unwanted portions of narrow width were formed into shollow recesses 3 by cutting off the surface of the surface rubber layer (rubber foam sheet), while the unwanted portions of broad width were formed into deep recesses 4 by cutting through the surface rubber layer 1 from its surface to the surface of the upper rubber cladding layer 2b of the reinforcing sheet 2 and peeling off the surface rubber layer from the interface. In addition, in order to prevent peeling in the course of printing, the edges of wanted portions were reinforced with a chloroprene rubber adhesive.

A control printing plate was fabricated in the same manner except that a solid natural rubber sheet with a JIS-A hardness of 40 was used in lieu of the surface rubber layer 1 and was similarly sculptured.

Each of the above printing plates was mounted on the plate drum of a corrugated board printing press and a corrugated board [paper quality RK 220 g/m² x SCP 160 g/m² x MC 200 g/m², B-flute, size (inner size of box) 480 x 373 x 151 mm, R-foam (Type A)] was printed at a printing pressure (clearance between the surface of the printing plate and the drum) of 2.5 mm and a drum speed of 60 RPM. After 17 hours of cumulative operation on an intermittent basis, no peeling was found of the surface rubber layer 1 in the releaf areas. Comparison of changes in the thickness of corrugated board and the compressive strength (JIS Z 0212) of corrugated board boxes showed the following results. This invention Control Thickness of corrugated board (mm) Before printing 2.844 2.844 After printing 2.820 2.736 Loss 0.024 0.108 Compressive strength of corrugated board box (kgf) Before printing 164.2 164.2 After printing 161.7 155.0 Loss 2.5 9.2

It is apparent from the above table that with the printing plate of this invention, the loss of thickness was as low as about 22% and the loss of compressive strength as low as about 27%, both compared with the control plate. Substantially no uneven impression occurred with either printing plate.

In the printing plate illustrated in Fig. 4, a base cloth 2a of a reinforcing sheet 2 and an upper rubber cladding layer 2b are separably bonded to each other with a natural rubber adhesive having a comparatively week adhesive power, while the upper rubber cladding layer 2b and the underside of the surface rubber layer 1 are inseparably bonded to each other with a chloroprene rubber adhesive having a comparatively high adhesive power. Then, after incisions are made down to the top of the base cloth 2a, the surface rubber layer 1 together with the upper rubber cladding layer 2b of reinforcing sheet 2 is peeled off. In this case, the rubber foam sheet of surface rubber layer 1 can be more readily peeled off without the risk of breakage of the rubber foam sheet, with the result that the peeled surface is neat and the adhesive power of the adhesive can be increased.

In the printing plate illustrated in Fig. 5, a peeling rubber layer 2d is interposed between the upper rubber cladding layer 2b of reinforcing sheet 2 and the base cloth 2a, and the upper rubber cladding layer 2b of reinforcing sheet 2 and the rubber surface layer 1 are initimately bonded to each other while the upper rubber cladding layer 2b of reinforcing sheet 2 and the peeling rubber layer 2d are bonded comparatively weakly to each other. Then, as shown in Fig. 6, incisions are made down to the interface between the upper rubber cladding layer 2b of reinforcing sheet 2 and the peeling rubber layer 2d. Thereafter, the surface rubber layer 1 together with the upper rubber cladding layer 2b of reinforcing sheet 2 is peeled off.


Anspruch[en]
  • 1. A printing plate for corrugated board which comprises a rubber or plastic foam sheet having a smooth skin layer on its surface, the thickness of said skin layer being 0.3 to 2.0 mm and the surface hardness of said printing plate bcing SRIS (C) 35 to 55.
  • 2. A printing plate for corrugated board as claimed in Claim 1 wherein the surface roughness of said skin layer is not more than JIS Rmax = 100 µm.
  • 3. A printing plate for corrugated board as claimed in Claim 1 wherein a reinforcing sheet comprising a base cloth and a rubber or resin cladding layer on either side thereof is disposed on the side of said foam sheet opposite to said skin layer and an optional interface between said foam sheet and either surface of the base cloth of said reinforcing sheet is separably bonded with comparatively weak adhesion.
  • 4. A printing plate for corrugated board as claimed in claim 3 wherein said reinforcing sheet is separably bonded to said foam sheet with a two-sided adhesive tape.
  • 5. A printing plate for corrugated board as claimed in Claim 3 wherein said foam sheet is inseparably bonded to the cladding layer of said reinforcing sheet with comparatively strong adhesion while said cladding layer is separably bonded to said base cloth with comparatively weak adhesion.
  • 6. A printing plate for corrugated board as claimed in Claim 1 wherein said foam sheet is made of natural rubber.
  • 7. A printing plate for corrugated board as claimed in Claim 3 wherein said foam sheet is made of natural rubber.
  • 8. A printing plate for corrugated board as claimed in Claim 1 wherein said foam sheet is made of polyvinyl chloride.
  • 9. A printing plate for corrugated board as claimed in Claim 3 wherein said foam sheet is made of polyvinyl chloride.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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