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Antriebsvorrichtung zur Steuerung von Nadelbar und von Legeschienen an schnell laufenden Strickmaschinen. - Dokument EP0393297
 
PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0393297 23.02.1995
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0393297
Titel Antriebsvorrichtung zur Steuerung von Nadelbar und von Legeschienen an schnell laufenden Strickmaschinen.
Anmelder Omodeo Zorini, Luigi, Cilavegna, IT
Erfinder Omodeo Zorini, Luigi, Cilavegna, IT
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 68920572
Vertragsstaaten BE, CH, DE, ES, FR, GB, GR, LI, LU, NL
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 08.09.1989
EP-Aktenzeichen 898303854
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 24.10.1990
EP date of grant 11.01.1995
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 23.02.1995
IPC-Hauptklasse D04B 27/08

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a driving mechanism for the control of the needle-bar and tube-bars in fast knitting machines, of the type comprising; a support bed provided with at least two side posts; at least one drive shaft rotatably engaged through each of said posts; a pair of swinging arms each rotatably connected to one of said posts and fixedly engageing a needle-bar; a pair of first driving connecting rods each of them exhibiting one end pivoted to one of said swinging arms and the opposite end operatively engaged on one eccentric carried by said first drive shaft; a second drive shaft rotatably engaged to each of said posts; a pair of oscillating supports each of them being slidably engaged in a vertical direction with one of said posts and engaging at least a tube-bar at one end thereof; a pair to second driving connecting rods each exhibiting one end connected to one of said oscillating supports and the opposite end operatively engaged with a second eccentric carried by the second drive shaft; said first and second drive shafts being driven simultaneously in rotation in order to respectively cause the operation of the needle-bar according to a horizontal oscillatory movement and the operation of the tube-bar according to a vertical oscillatory movement.

It is known that in fast knitting machines the needle-bar is fastened by its opposite ends to two swinging arms which are pivoted, according to a horizontal axis, to two posts forming part of the machine bed. Acting upon each of said swinging arms is one driving connecting rod operatively engaging with a respective eccentric mounted to a main shaft the opposite ends of which are rotatably engaged through said posts. The main shaft is driven in rotation by a motor in order to impart an oscillatory movement in a substantially horizontal direction to the needle-bar, through the eccentrics, first driving connecting bars and swinging arms.

The rotation of the main shaft is transmitted, by a pair of toothed belts or the like acting on the opposite ends of the main shaft, to a pair of second shafts each of which is rotatably engaged to one of the posts. Associated with each of said second shafts is a second eccentric operatively engaging a second driving connecting rod. The second driving connecting rods give rise to the movement of two oscillating supports each of which is slidably engaged with two guide rods upstanding from the corresponding post.

Engaged with the oscillating supports by its opposite ends is at least a tube-bar carrying a number of threading tubes arranged such as to cooperate with the needles carried by the needle-bar and with other instrumentalities of the knitting machine in order to carry out the knitting of the workpiece.

Due to the rotation transmitted to the second drive shafts, the second connecting rods actuate the supports, and hence the tube-bar or bars transmitting a substantially vertical oscillatory movement to the same.

Also operating on the tube-bars is a second driving mechanism which, actuated by a so-called "glider chain" transmits an oscillatory movement in a horizontal direction to the bars themselves, which movement is vectorially combined with the vertical oscillations transmitted by the above described driving mechanism.

It is to be noted that one of the most important problems connected with fast knitting machines resides in the strong vibrations to which said machines are submitted when they are actuated at high speed. Obviously due to the presence of these vibrations it is impossible to increase the work speed beyond given values, which brings about a limitation in the productivity of these machines.

In addition, due to said vibrations the different parts of the machine are submitted to high mechanical stresses and it is therefore necessary to provide the machine with heavy beds and frameworks in order to ensure a sufficient steadiness to the same.

Most of the above vibrations have been found to be caused by the reciprocating horizontal movement of the needle-bar and the reciprocating vertical movement of the tube-bars. In fact, each of said bars as well as the different elements connected thereto, form an important mass which is submitted to high decelerations and accelerations each time a reversal of movement occurs. As a result of said accelerations and decelerations there are high forces of inertia which are directly transmitted to the machine framework.

In the light of the above discussed drawbacks, the main object of the present invention is substantially to solve the problems of the known art by providing a driving mechanism set up in such a manner that it eliminates all vibrations caused by the horizontal oscillatory movement of the needle-bar and vertical oscillatory movement of the tube-bars.

Document GB 948, 868 discloses a flat warp knitting machine comprising sets of needles, needle tongues, guide eyes and sinkers, each of which sets being mounted on a separate bar driving member.

Each of such bar driving members is reciprocated by a pivotal link connected with a respective pivoted member. The pivoted member is oscillated trought 90° by a respective connecting rod. The connecting rods are driven from a single krank-shaft. Balance weights are connected each to the respective pivoted member, by another pivotal link.

This construction allows to reduce the vibrations due to the reciprocating of the above cited bar diving members, but it is suitable to be used only on flat warp knitting machines, where warp yarns are knitted into a fabric which passes across to a predetermined knitting point. By contrast, such a construction is not suitable to be used on fast knitting machines designed to form a fabric by knitting weft yarns with warp yarns.

The above-mentioned object, which will become more apparent from the following description, is attained by driving mechanism for the control of the needle-bar and tube-bars in fast knitting machines, characterized in that it comprises: at least a pair of auxiliary swinging arms each pivoted to one of said posts; at least a pair of first counterweights each integral to one of said auxiliary swinging arms; at least a pair of first auxiliary connecting rods each of them exhibiting one end pivoted to one of said auxiliary swinging arms and the opposite end operatively engaged with one auxiliary eccentric mounted on the first drive shaft; at least a pair of second counterweights each associated with one of the posts and slidably guided in a vertical direction; at least a pair of second auxiliary connecting rods, each of them exhibiting one end pivoted to one of the second counterweights and the opposite end operatively engaged with a second auxiliary eccentric carried by the corresponding second drive shaft; said first and second auxiliary eccentrics being mounted in phase opposition relative to said first and second eccentrics in order to cause said first and second counterweights to oscillate in phase opposition relative to the oscillations performed by the needle-bar and tube-bars.

Further features and advantages of the invention will best be understood from the detailed description of a preferred embodiment of the driving mechanism for the control of the needle-bar and the tube-bars in fast knitting machines given hereinafter by way of non-limiting example with reference to the accompanying drawing in which the only figure is a perspective fragmentary view of one half of the driving mechanism in question mounted on a fast knitting machine, the other half being substantially identical to and arranged in a mirror image of the first one.

Referring to said drawing, a mechanism for the control of the needle-bar and tube-bars in fast knitting machines according to the invention has been generally identified by reference numeral 1.

The driving mechanism 1 is mounted to a pair of posts 2, only one of which is shown in the figure, forming part of a support bed conventionally provided in the knitting machine with which said driving mechanism is associated. In greater detail, the driving mechanism is formed of two half parts each mount on one of said posts 2. For the sake of clarity, during the following description reference will be made, except in case of need, to the half part of the driving mechanism associated with post 2 herein shown, the other half part being substantially identical to and arranged in a mirror image of the first one.

In known manner, the driving mechanism 1, as shown by arrow 3a, is designed to impart a substantially horizontal oscillatory movement to a needle-bar 3 extending between the posts 2 of the bed and supporting a number of needles 4 suitably distributed over the same. The driving mechanism 1 is also designed to transmit a vertical oscillatory movement, as shown by arrow 5a, to one or several tube-bars 5 the opposite ends of which are slidably engaged through oscillating supports 6 (only one of which is shown), each of them being slidably engaged to a pair of guide rods 7 upstanding from the corresponding post 2.

Still in known manner, the tube-bars 5 are also actuated, by means of a second driving mechanism not shown as not important to the ends of the invention, with an oscillatory horizontal movement in a longitudinal direction, as shown by arrow 5b.

Also shown in the accompanying figure, by way of example only, is a guide bar 8 supporting a number of eye-pointed needles 9 and provided with an oscillatory movement consisting of angular oscillations as shown by arrow 8a and horizontal oscillations as shown by arrow 8b. The driving mechanism for the control of said guide bar 8 is not shown and will not be described as it is unimportant to the ends of the present invention.

The driving mechanism 1 comprises at least one drive shaft 10 rotatably engaged through each post 2. In greater detail, provision is preferably made for a pair of first drive shafts 10 each associated with one of the posts 2 and driven in rotation by a single main shaft 11 extending between said posts and rotatable supported by the posts themselves close to the base thereof.

In greater detail, the main shaft 11, driven in rotation by a "V" belt 12 connecting it to a motor not shown, transmits a rotatory movement to each of the first drive shafts 10 by means of a toothed belt 13 operatively engaging with respective toothed pulleys 10a, 11a, carried by the first drive shaft and the main shaft itself.

In addition, at least one of the first drive shafts 10 is associated with a flywheel 14.

The driving mechanism 1 also comprises a pair of first driving connecting rods 15 each of them exhibiting one end 15a pivoted to a swinging arm 16 in turn rotatably connected to one of the posts 2 and fixedly engaging the needle-bar 3 at one end thereof. The second end 15b of the driving connecting rod 15 operatively engages with one eccentric 17 fixedly carried by the corresponding first drive shaft 10.

Advantageously, associated with eachone of the first drive shafts 10 is one auxiliary eccentric 18 mounted in phase opposition, that is rotated through 180°, relative to the first eccentric 17 and preferably having the same eccentricity as the latter.

Operatively engaged with the first auxiliary eccentric 18 is one end 19a of one auxiliary connecting rod 19 the opposite end 19b of which is pivoted to an auxiliary swinging arm 20 rotatably engaged to the corresponding post 2. Mounted on the auxiliary arm 20 is at least one counterweight 21 preferably exhibiting a mass equal to half the mass of the needle-bar 3 and at all events sufficient to cause the assemble consisting of the counterweight 21, auxiliary arm 20, auxiliary connecting rod 19, auxiliary eccentric 18 to have a mass substantially identical to the sum of the masses of half needle-bar 3, swinging arm 16, first driving connecting rod 15 and first eccentric 17.

The driving mechanism 1 further comprises a pair of second drive shafts 22 each of which is rotatably supported relative to the corresponding post 2. In greater detail, preferably each second drive shaft 22 is rotatably engaged through a support bracket 23 fastened to the post 2.

The second drive shaft 22 is provided with a toothed pulley 22a operatively engaging with said toothed belt 19 so as to cause the rotation of the shaft itself.

The second drive shaft 22 integrally carries a second eccentric 24 as well, which is operatively engaged in one end 25a of a second driving connecting rod 25 the opposite end 25b of which is connected to one of the oscillating supports 6.

Moreover a second auxiliary eccentric 26 is integrally engaged to each of the second drive shafts 22, which auxiliary eccentric is mounted in phase opposition relative to the second eccentric 24 and preferably has the same eccentricity as the latter. Engaged with the second auxiliary eccentric 26 is one end 27a of a second auxiliary connecting rod 27 the opposite end 27b of which is connected to a second counterweight 28 slidable guided in a substantially vertical direction. In greater detail, the second counterweight 28 is slidably engaged on an auxiliary slide 29 fixedly carried by the support bracket 23. Preferably, the second counterweight 28 has a mass which is substantially equal to half the mass of the tube-bars 4 or at all events sufficient to cause the assembly consisting of the counterweight 28, auxiliary connecting rod 27, auxiliary eccentric 26 to have an overall mass substantially identical to the sum of the masses of half the tube-bars 4, one of the oscillating supports 6, one of the second driving connecting rods 25 and one of the second eccentrics 24.

Operation of the driving mechanism according to the invention described above mainly as regards structure, is as follows.

As previously said, the rotatory movement imparted to the main shaft 11 is transmitted, through each of the toothed belts 13, to the first and second drive shafts 10, 22, The rotation of the first drive shaft 10 causes, through the first eccentric 17, the movement of the connecting rod 15 which, as a result, makes the arm 16 oscillate about its own pivot axis. Upon oscillation of arm 16, a substantially horizontal reciprocating movement of the needle-bar 3 according to arrow 3a occurs.

Simultaneously, the rotation of the first shaft 10 brings about, through the first auxiliary eccentric 18, the operation of the first auxiliary connecting rod 19 the oscillatory movement of which also causes the auxiliary arm 20 to oscillate about its own pivot axis. As a result, the first counterweight is submitted to an oscillatory movement, as shown by arrow 21a, about the pivot axis of the auxiliary arm 20. Since the first auxiliary eccentric 18 is 180° offset with respect to the first eccentric 17, the first counterweight 21 is subjected to oscillate in phase opposition relative to the needle bar 3. Consequently, the counterweight 21 and needle-bar 3 will transmit forces of inertia to the post 2, and therefore to the knitting machine as a whole, which substantially have the same intensity by opposite senses, so that they mutually become null.

The rotation of the second drive shaft 22, in turn, causes the operation of the second driving connecting rod 25 so that it transmits a substantially vertical reciprocating movement, as shown by arrow 5a, to the corresponding oscillating support 6 and therefore to the tube bars 5. At the same time the second auxiliary eccentric 27a actuates the second auxiliary connecting rod 27 the oscillatory movement of which causes the second counterweight 28 to move in a substantially vertical direction as shown by arrow 28a.

Since the second auxiliary eccentric 26 is 180° offset with respect to the second eccentric 24, the oscillations of the second counterweight 28 will be in phase opposition relative to those of the tube bars 5. As a result, the forces of inertia transmitted to the machine structure by the second counterweight 28 and tube-bars 5 will be subjected to become mutually null.

The present invention attains the intended purposes.

In fact, in the driving mechanism described the forces of inertia produced by the needle-bar and tube-bars are made null by the counterweights actuated by the same shafts which are designed to move the bars themselves. In this way all vibrations which in the known art are transmitted to the machine structure by effect of the above specified forces of inertia are eliminated.

Obviously by eliminating these vibrations important advantages are achieved, first of all a higher speed in the operation of the knitting machine and therefore a greater productivity.

In addition, by eliminating said vibrations the stresses currently produced on the different mechanical parts of the machine are greatly reduced, which results in a greater liability. A further advantage resides in the possibility of greatly reducing the mass of the machine bed.

It will be also recognized that the original solution of adopting two first drive shafts rotated by a main shaft allows the sizes, and consequently the mass, of the eccentrics actuating the needle-bar to be remarkably reduced. In fact in known solutions these eccentrics were directly mounted on the main shaft which necessarily has a big diameter and therefore said eccentrics needed to be oversized.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Antriebsvorrichtung (1) zur Steuerung des Nadelbarrens (3) und der Legeschienen (5) an schnellaufenden Strickmaschinen, bestehend aus:
    • einem mit zwei Seitenständern (2) versehenen Traggestell;
    • mindestens einer ersten Steuerwelle (10), die durch jeden der Ständer (2) drehbar in Eingriff steht;
    • einem Paar von Schwingarmen (16), die jeweils mit einem der Ständer (2) drehbar verbunden sind und den Nadelbarren (3) starr ergreifen;
    • einem Paar von ersten Steuerkurbelstangen (15), die jeweils ein erstes an einem der Schwingarme (16) angelenktes Ende (15a) und ein abgewandtes Ende aufweisen, das wirksam mit einem ersten von der ersten Steuerwelle (10) getragenem Exzenter (17) in Eingriff steht;
    • mindestens einer zweiten gegenüber den Ständern (2) drehbar gelagerten Steuerwelle (22);
    • einem Paar von schwingenden Trägern (6), von denen jeder gleitbar in senkrechter Richtung mit einem der Ständer (2) in Eingriff steht und mindestens eine Legeschiene (5) im Bereich eines Endes derselben ergreift;
    • einem Paar von zweiten Steuerkurbelstangen (25), von denen jede ein mit einem der schwingenden Trägern (6) verbundenes Ende und ein abgewandtes Ende aufweist, das mit einem zweiten, von der zweiten Steuerwelle (22) getragenem Exzenter (24) wirksam in Eingriff steht;

      wobei die erste und die zweite Steuerwelle (10, 22) gleichzeitig drehantreibbar sind, um jeweils den Antrieb des Nadelbarrens (3) mit horizontaler Schwenkbewegung und den Antrieb der Legeschiene (5) mit senkrechter Schwenkbewegung zu bewirken,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß sie umfaßt:
    • mindestens ein Paar von Hilfsschwingarmen (20), die jeweils an einem der Ständer (2) angelenkt sind;
    • mindestens ein Paar von ersten Gegengewichten (21), von denen jedes an einem der Hilfsschwingarmen (20) festliegt;
    • mindestens ein Paar von ersten Hilfskurbelstangen (19), von denen jede ein an einem der Hilfsschwingarmen (20) angelenktes Ende und das abgewandte Ende aufweist, das wirksam mit einem ersten Hilfsexzenter (18) in Eingriff steht, der an der ersten Steuerwelle (10) angebracht ist;
    • mindestens ein Paar von zweiten Gegengewichten (28), von denen jedes einem der Ständer (2) zugeordnet ist und in senkrechter Richtung gleitbar geführt wird;
    • mindestens einem Paar von zweiten Hilfskurbelstangen (27), von denen jede ein erstes an einem der zweiten Gegengewichte (28) angelenktes Ende (27b) und das abgewandte Ende (27a) aufweist, das mit dem zweiten Hilfsexzenter (26) wirksam in Eingriff steht, der von der entsprechenden zweiten Steuerwelle (22) getragen wird;

      wobei die ersten und die zweiten Hilfsexzenter (18, 26) im Gegentakt zu den ersten und den zweiten Exzentern (17, 24) angebracht sind, um die ersten und die zweiten Gegengewichte (21, 28) im Gegentakt vom Nadelbarren (3) und von den Legeschienen (5) ausgeführten Schwingungen hin und her zu verschwenken.
  2. Antriebsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß sie zwei der ersten Steuerwellen (10), von denen jede einem der Ständer (2) zugeordnet ist (2), und zwei der zweiten Steuerwellen (22) umfaßt, von denen jede einem der Ständer (2) zugeordnet ist, wobei die ersten und die zweiten Steuerwellen (10, 22) wirksam mit einer Hauptwelle (11) verbunden sind, die drehangetrieben wird und drehbar die Ständer selbst (2) in der Nähe der Basis derselben durchquert.
  3. Antriebsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß im Bereich eines jeden Ständers (2) die Hauptwelle (11) wirksam mit der ersten Steuerwelle (10) und mit der zweiten Steuerwelle (22) mittels mindestens eines Zahnriemens (13) verbunden ist.
  4. Steuervorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß sie mindestens zwei der zwei Steuerwellen (22) umfaßt, von denen jede jedem der Ständer (2) zugeordnet ist, wobei jede zweite Steuerwelle (22) drehbar auf einem starr mit dem Ständer selbst verbundenen Haltebügel (23) drehbar angebracht ist.
  5. Antriebsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß jedes zweite Gegengewicht (28) gleitbar längs einer Hilfsführung (29) in Eingriff steht und an einem am entsprechenden Ständer (2) festliegenden Haltebügel (23) befestigt ist.
  6. Antriebsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Masse eines jeden der ersten Gegengewichte (21) im wesentlichen gleich der Hälfte der Masse des Nadelbarrens (3) ist.
  7. Antriebsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Masse eines jeden der zweiten Gegengewichte (28) im wesentlichen gleich der Hälfte der Masse der Legeschienen (5) ist.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A driving mechanism (1) for the control of the needle-bar (3) and tube-bars (5) in fast knitting machines, comprising:
    • a support bed provided with at least two side posts (2);
    • at least one drive shaft (10) rotatably engaged through each of said posts (2);
    • a pair of swinging arms (16) each rotatably connected to one of said posts (2) and fixedly engaging a needle-bar (3);
    • a pair of first driving connecting rods (15) each of them exhibiting one end (15a) pivoted to one of said swinging arms (16) and the opposite end operatively engaged to one eccentric (17) carried by said first drive shaft (10);
    • at least a second drive shaft (22) rotatably supported with respect to said posts (2);
    • a pair of oscillating supports (6) each of them being slidably engaged in a vertical direction with one of said posts (2) and engaging at least a tube-bar (5) at one end thereof;
    • a pair of second driving connecting rods (25) each exhibiting one end connected to one of said oscillating supports (6) and the opposite end operatively engaged with a second eccentric (24) carried by the second drive shaft (22);

      said first and second drive shafts (10, 22) being driven simultaneously in rotation in order to respectively cause the operation of the needle-bar (3) according to a horizontal oscillatory movement and the operation of the tube-bar (5) according to a vertical oscillatory movement,
    characterized in that it comprises:
    • at least a pair of auxiliary swinging arms (20) each pivoted to one of said posts (2);
    • at least a pair of first counterweights (21) each integral to one of said auxiliary swinging arms (20);
    • at least a pair of first auxiliary connecting rods (19) each of them exhibiting one end pivoted to one of said auxiliary swinging arms (20) and the opposite end operatively engaged with one auxiliary eccentric (18) mounted on the first drive shaft (10);
    • at least a pair of second counterweights (28) each associated with one of the posts (2) and slidably guided in a vertical direction;
    • at least a pair of second auxiliary connecting rods (27), each of them exhibiting one end (27b) pivoted to one of the second counterweights (28) and the opposite end (27a) operatively engaged with a second auxiliary eccentric (26) carried by the corresponding second drive shaft (22);

      said first and second auxiliary eccentrics (18, 26) being mounted in phase opposition relative to said first and second eccentrics (17, 24) in order to cause said first and second counterweights (21, 28) to oscillate in phase opposition relative to the oscillations performed by the needle-bar (3) and tube-bars (5).
  2. A driving mechanism according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises two of said first drive shafts (10), each associated with one of said posts (2) and two of said second drive shafts (22), each associated with one of said posts (2), said first and second drive shaft (22) being operatively connected to a main shaft (11) driven in rotation and rotatably passing through the posts (2) close to the base thereof.
  3. A driving mechanism according to claim 2, characterized in that at each post (2) the main shaft (11) is operatively connected to the first drive shaft (10) and the second drive shaft (22) by at least a toothed belt (13).
  4. A driving mechanism according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises at least two of said second drive shafts (22) each associated with each one of said posts (2), each second drive shaft (22) being rotatably mounted on a support bracket (23) fixedly connected to the post itself.
  5. A driving mechanism according to claim 1, characterized in that each second counterweight (28) is slidably engaged along an auxiliary slide (29) and fastened to a support bracket (23) integral with the corresponding post (2).
  6. A driving mechanism according to claim 1, characterized in that the mass of eachone of the first counterweights (21) is substantially equal to half the mass of the needle-bar (3).
  7. A driving mechanism according to claim 1, characterized in that the mass of eachone of the second counterweights (28) is substantially equal to half the mass of the tube bars (5).
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Dispositif d'entraînement (1) pour la commande de la barre à aiguilles (3) et des barres à passettes (5) aux métiers à tricoter à grande vitesse, comprenant:
    • une embase de support munie d'aux moins deux montants latéraux (29;
    • au moins un premier arbre de commande (10) engagé à rotation à travers chacun desdits montants (2);
    • une paire de bras oscillants (16), chacun relié à rotation à l'un desdits montants (2) et engageant rigidement une barre à aiguilles (3);
    • une paire de premières bielles de commande (15), chacune desquelles présente une première extrémité (15a) montée à pivotemenet sur l'un desdits bras oscillants (16) et l'extrémité opposée engagée fonctionnellement avec un premier excentrique (17) porté par ledit premier arbre de commande (10);
    • au moins un deuxième arbre de commande (22) supporté à rotation par rapport auxdits montants (2);
    • une paire de supports oscillants (6), chacun desquels est engagé, de manière coulissante en direction verticale, avec un desdits montants (2) et engage au moins une barre à passettes (5) à l'une des extrémités de cette dernière;
    • une paire de deuxièmes bielles de commande (25), chacune desquelles présente une extrémité reliée à l'un desdits supports oscillants (6) et l'extrémité opposée engagée fonctionnellement avec un deuxième excentrique (24) porté par le deuxième arbre de commande (22);

      lesdits premier et deuxième arbres de commande (10, 22) pouvant être entraînés en rotation simultanément pour déterminer respectivement l'actionnement de la barre à aiguilles (3) selon un mouvement oscillatoire horizontal et l'actionnement de la barre à passettes (5) selon un mouvement oscillatoire vertical,
    caractérisé en ce qu'il comporte:
    • au moins une paire de bras oscillants auxiliaires (20), chacun monté à pivotement sur l'un desdits montants (2);
    • au moins une paire de premiers contrepoids (21), chacun solidaire de l'un desdits bras oscillants auxiliaires (20);
    • au moins une paire de premières bielles auxiliaires (19), chacune desquelles présente une extrémité montée à pivotement sur l'un desdits bras oscillants auxiliaires (20) et l'extrémité opposée engagée fonctionnellement avec un premier excentrique auxiliaire (18) monté sur le premier arbre de commande (10);
    • au moins une paire de deuxièmes contrepoids (28), chacun associé à l'un des montants (2) et guidé de manière coulissante en direction verticale;
    • au moins une paire de deuxièmes bielles auxiliaires (27), chacune desquelles présente une première extrémité (27b) montée à pivotement sur l'un desdits deuxièmes contrepoids (28) et l'extrémité opposée (27a) engagée fonctionnellement avec un deuxième excentrique auxiliaire (26) porté par le correspondant deuxième arbre de commande (22);

      lesdits premiers et deuxièmes excentriques auxiliares (18, 26) étant montés en opposition de phase par rapport auxdits premiers et deuxièmes excentriques (17, 24) pour causer l'oscillation desdits premiers et deuxièmes contrepoids (21, 28) en opposition de phase par rapport aux oscillations effectuées par la barre à aiguilles (3) et les barres à passettes (5).
  2. Dispositif d'entraînement selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que qu'il comporte deux desdits premiers arbres de commande (10), chacun associé à l'un desdits montants (2) et deux desdits deuxièmes arbres de commande (22), chacun associé à l'un desdits montants (29; lesdits premiers et deuxièmes arbres de commande (10, 22) étant reliés fonctionnellement à un arbre principal (11) entraîné en rotation par et traversant rotativement les montants eux-mêmes (2) à proximité de l'embase de ces derniers.
  3. Mécanisme d'entraînement selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce qu'en correspondance de chaque montant (2) l'arbre principal (11) est relié fonctionnellement au premier arbre de commande (10) et au deuxième arbre de commande (22) par au moins une courroie dentée (13).
  4. Mécanisme d'entraînement selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce qu'il comporte au moins deux desdits deuxièmes arbres de commande (22), chacun associé à chacun desdits montants (2), chaque deuxième arbre de commande (22) étant monté a rotation sur un étrier de support (23) rigidement relié au même montant.
  5. Mécanisme d'entraînement selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que chaque deuxième contrepoids (28) est engagé de manière coulissante le long d'un guidage auxiliaire (29) et fixé à un étrier de support (23) solidaire du montant correspondant (2).
  6. Mécanisme d'entraînement selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que la masse de chacun des premiers contrepoids (21) est sensiblement égale à la moitié de la masse de la barre à aiguilles (3).
  7. Mécanisme d'entraînement selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que la masse de chacun des deuxièmes contrepoids (28) est sensibilement égale à la moitié de la masse des barres à passettes (5).






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