PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0366339 27.04.1995
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0366339
Titel Mehrphasiges Schutzgerät für einen Motor.
Anmelder Texas Instruments Inc., Dallas, Tex., US
Erfinder Petraitis, Jeffrey J., Rehoboth, MA 02760, US;
Cardin, Wilfred W., Attleboro, MA 02703, US;
Cooper, Lawrence E., Attleboro, MA 02703, US;
Rountree, Dave, North Attleboro, MA 02760, US;
Plouffe, Leo A., North Dighton, MA 02764, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 68921841
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, IT, NL
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 18.10.1989
EP-Aktenzeichen 893106930
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 02.05.1990
EP date of grant 22.03.1995
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 27.04.1995
IPC-Hauptklasse H01H 37/54
IPC-Nebenklasse H01H 37/28   

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates generally to temperature responsive switches and more particularly to hermetic, three phase protectors for use in motor protection circuits or other similar electrical apparatus protection circuits. It is known to provide switches in which a temperature responsive snap acting disc is used in conjunction with heaters acting as thermal analogs of motor windings so that upon selected conditions the heat generated in the motor or in any or all of the heaters cause the snap acting disc to snap thereby opening movable contacts operatively connected to the disc thereby deenergizing the protected apparatus. For example, such switches are shown and described in U.S. Patent Nos. 3,452,313, 4,231,010 and 4,555,686. These three phase switches employ a snap acting disc which is mounted at its center using a screw member to calibrate the switch by vertically adjusting the position of the disc support to adjust the contact gap and the force for contact pairs operatively connected to the disc. Although these switches have been very effective, there is a need to reduce the cost of such devices and to make them more conducive to automated manufacture.

Figures 15 and 16 of US-A-4,389,630 show a protector switch suitable for three-phase working of the type according to the preamble of claim 1 having a thermally responsive snap-action disc mounted as a cantilever from the end of a metal sheet providing a resilient mounting for the disc. The disc has two symmetrically placed contacts on it away from the attachment to the metal sheet, which contacts respectively engage fixed contacts when the disc is in one configuration. Heat produced by excessive current flow through the components of the switch causes the snap-action disc to change its configuration so that the contacts on the disc no longer engage the fixed contacts. Ceramic pellets determine the positions of the disc and the fixed contacts.

It is therefore an object of the invention to provide a three phase protector which is inexpensive to manufacture, one which can readily be calibrated using automated techniques and one which has a package configuration having a relatively smaller profile than prior art devices so that it can be easily mounted on windings of electrical apparatus to be protected.

Another object of the invention is the provision of a temperature responsive three phase protector which is responsive to each of the three phases of apparatus being protected. Yet another object is the provision of a protector whose calibration is relatively insensitive to deflections in the cap member enclosing the switch.

According to one aspect of the present invention there is provided a three phase hermetic protector comprising a metallic header formed with first and second apertures therethrough, two terminal members each having a longitudinal axis extending through respective one of the apertures and mounted therein in electrical isolation from the header by electrically insulative material, the longitudinal axis of the terminal members being generally parallel to one another, the terminal members having an inner free distal end, a switch assembly comprising two elongated heaters each having two opposite ends, one end of each heater being fixedly mounted on the free distal end of a respective one of the terminal members and extending in a direction generally parallel to the longitudinal axis of the terminal member, a stationary electrical contact mounted on the other opposite end of each heater, a rigid support member extending in a direction generally parallel to the longitudinal axes and disposed intermediate the terminals, a snap acting thermostatic disc having two opposite ends, one end of the disc being cantilever mounted on the support member, a pair of movable electrical contacts being mounted on the other end of the disc, each movable contact being aligned with a respective stationary contact and metallic cap means surrounding the switch assembly and hermetically sealed to the header characterised in that the rigid support member is mounted on the header and that means are provided on the rigid support member to adjust independently the vertical position of each stationary contact.

According to a second aspect of the present invention there is provided a method for calibrating an hermetic motor protector including the steps of taking an assembly having a snap acting disc cantilever mounted at one end of the disc with first and second spaced movable contacts mounted adjacent to the opposite end of the disc, the protector having first and second stationary contacts each mounted on a bendable member in alignment with the movable contacts on the disc and having a support member bearing first and second calibration screws disposed beneath the bendable members on which the stationary contacts are respectively mounted, taking the assembly with the disc in an at rest upwardly convex surface configuration, turning each calibration screw independently until one stationary contact engages its respective corresponding contact, continue turning the other calibration screw until the other stationary contact engages its corresponding movable contact, then turning both calibration screws together the same amount until the disc snaps to move the movable contacts out of engagement with the stationary contacts thereby compensating for any difference in contact gaps originally existing in the assembled protector.

In one example of the invention, a generally oval metallic header plate mounts a pair of terminal pins each of which in turn mounts an end of an elongated strip heater. The heaters extend away from the header and mount at their distal free ends a stationary contact. A rigid support member, attached to the header intermediate the terminal pins, extends away from the header and mounts a third heater which in turn extends back toward the header. The third heater is structurally reinforced by a flange along its length to which the body portion of a welding slug is welded at the free end of the heater. A thermostatic snap acting disc is attached to the underside of the head of the welding slug to cantilever mount the disc. The disc is generally bell shaped having a head portion where the disc is mounted and having a mouth portion where two movable electrical contacts are mounted at opposite ends of the mouth which are adapted to move into and out of engagement with the stationary contacts. The movable contacts are preferably located slightly closer to the header than are the stationary contacts prior to device calibration. The head portion has a relatively straight bending edge contiguous to the disc which extends in a direction generally parallel to an imaginary line drawn through the centers of the movable contacts.

As a feature of the embodiment the support member is provided with a pair of arms extending laterally from the suPport member to provide mounting Pads disPosed beneath the free distal ends of the first and second heaters. A self tapping calibration screw is received in an aperture in each mounting pad in alignment with the free distal end of a respective heater. An electrically insulating pad is interposed between each screw and its respective heater.

As another feature of the embodiment the device is calibrated by taking a switch assembly, prior to the attachment of a cover with the disc in an upwardly convex surface configuration, heating the assembly to a selected calibration temperature allowing the disc to creep to a stabilized position with the contacts open, independently turning the screws, either sequentially or simultaneously, until one stationary contact engages its movable contact and continuing turning only the other screw until its stationary contact engages its movable contact. Then both screws are turned the same amount until the disc snaps to the opposite upwardly concave surface configuration with the movable contacts out of engagement with the stationary contacts.

The cover member which may be formed of a high strength low alloy steel to provide suitable pressure capability required for high pressure environments has an outwardly flared portion at its mouth which receives therein the outer edge of the header and is welded thereto to hermetically seal the protector thereby minimizing space occupied by the package.

Other objects, advantages and details of the novel and improved protector of the invention appear in the following detailed description of the preferred embodiment of the invention, the detailed description referring to the drawings in which:

  • Fig. 1 is a top plan view of a protector made in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the invention with the cover shown in cross section and
  • Fig. 2 is a cross sectional view taken on lines 2-2 of Fig. 1.

Referring to the drawings, numeral 10 indicates the novel protector of the invention. A header 12 of generally oval configuration of any suitable material which can be hermetically attached to an enclosing cover member to be described below, for example steel, has first and second apertures 14 and 16 mounting therein pins 18 and 20 electrically isolated from header 12 and hermetically sealed thereto in a known manner preferably by glass material 22, 24. Pins 18, 20 have a longitudinal axes generally parallel to one another and extending away from the header in a direction generally perpendicular to an inside face surface 26 of header 12 to form at their distal free ends mounts for elongated strip heater members 28, 30 welded thereto as indicated at 32, 34 respectively which in turn extend in a direction generally parallel to the longitudinal axes of the terminal members. Stationary contacts 36, 38 are attached to the free distal end of heater members 28, 30 by any suitable means, as by welding.

A rigid support member 33 of steel or other suitable material has a leg portion 35 attached to header 12 in a suitable manner, as by welding, and an elongated leg portion 37 disposed generally 90 degrees relative leg to portion 35 and extending away from face surface 26 in a direction generally parallel to the longitudinal axes of the terminal members. A strip heater 39 is attached to the free distal end 40 of support member 33 in any conventional manner, as by welding, and extends back toward header 12 culminating at a free end 42 spaced from leg portion 35. Free end 42 of heater 39 mounts thereon a welding slug 44 which in turn cantilever mounts one end of a snap acting bimetallic disc 46 by welding the disc as shown at 47 to head 48 adjacent the periphery of slug 44. That is, disc 46 is provided with an aperture through which slug 44 is received so that the disc can be welded to head 48.

Thermostatic disc 46 is provided with first and second movable electrical contacts 50, 52 attached to the underside of the disc in a conventional manner, as by welding at opposed sides of the distal free end of the disc. Contacts 50, 52 are adapted to move into and out of engagement with stationary contacts 36, 38 respectively upon snapping of disc 46. Head 48, disposed on the top surface of disc 46 is provided with a relatively straight bending edge 54 about which the disc bends when snapping to a contacts open configuration thereby distributing the bending stresses in the disc all along the length of the edge and keeping the stresses away from the welded portion of the disc. As will be noted in Fig. 1, welds 47 are disposed on the sides and free end portions of disc 46 but not adjacent bending edge 54 so that bending against any welds is avoided. Bending edge 54 extends in a direction generally parallel to an imaginary line drawn through the centers of movable contacts 50, 52 or, stated in another way, perpenducular to an imaginary line extending between the opposite fixed and free ends of the disc. Placing head 48 on the top surface of the disc so that bending edge 54 can be utilized minimizes calibration shifts in the disc which would otherwise occurr, particularly over time without having a calibration member engaging the central portion of the disc.

In order to enhance the matching of performance characteristics of the disc with that of the motor or other electrical apparatus being protected it is desirable to minimize the mass of the disc. For that reason the width of the disc is reduced along a line drawn from the center of the cantilever mounting to a point midway between the movable contacts with the width decreasing from the free end of the disc to the cantilever mount. Preferably, disc 46 is shaped generally as a bell with the cantilever mount located at the head of the bell and the movable contacts located at opposite sides of the mouth of the bell.

In order to provide a stable mount for disc 46, heater 39 is preferably provided with a reinforcing flange 56. Flange 56 is shown mounting welding slug 44 as by welding thereto and for that purpose extends to a greater height, as shown at 58, than the remainder of the flange, however, if desired, slug 44 can be welded directly to the flat portion of heater 39.

Support member 33 is provided with laterally extending arms 60, 62 which are provided with calibration screw mounting pads 64, 66 respectively disposed beneath the distal end of strip heaters 28, 30. Calibration screws 72, 74 are received in respective apertures formed in mounting pads 64, 66 and are used to transmit a bending force to the distal free end of the heaters to thereby adjust the vertical position of the respective stationary contacts. Support member 33 is electrically isolated from heaters 28 and 30 by insulative pads 76 and 78 disposed intermediate the screws and their respective heaters. The insulative pads are mounted in any convenient manner as by forming a detent portion to receive the end of the calibration screw to lock them laterally in position.

Movable contacts 50, 52 are located slightly closer to header 12 than are stationary contacts 36, 38 and come into closer vertical alignment during calibration. The protector is calibrated by taking a switch assembly before attachment of the enclosing cap with the disc at an at rest upwardly convex surface configuration, heating the assembly to a selected calibration temperature allowing the disc to creep to a stabilized position with the contacts open, separately (either simultaneously or sequentially) screwing in the calibrating screws until one stationary contact engages its respective movable contact and continuing turning only the other screw until its stationary contact engages its movable contact. The screws are then turned together the same amount until the disc snaps to the opposite upwardly concave surface configuration with the movable contacts out of engagement with the stationary contacts. Calibrating in this manner ensures that when the disc snaps to the upwardly convex configuration upon being heated to a selected temperature both movable contacts will simultaneously move out of engagement with their respective stationary contacts as required for proper operation.

A suitable cap member 80 formed for example of a high strength alloy encloses the volume around the switch structure providing suitable strength enabling the device to be placed in high pressure environments. Header 12 is welded internally to flange 82 of cap member 80 to minimize the profile of the protector.

It will be seen that a switch made in accordance with the described embodiment of invention offers a number of advantages. The parallel orientation of the terminal pins and the thermostatic disc permits placement of the protector on the windings in such a manner as to reduce its profile on the motor, that is the device does not stick out from the motor as much as conventional protectors. This profile is further minimized by welding the header on the internal surface of the flared cap flange. The use of a bending edge on top of the disc mounting one or more movable contacts results in improved performance of a cantilever mounted disc. The particular mounting of the disc without having a member contacting the center of the disc as in conventional three phase protectors allows wider parameters for discs which can be used for given motor ratings due to the ability to calibrate with the dual screws thereby facilitating manufacture of the protector as well as reducing the number of parts used in conventional protectors. Use of the dual screw calibration allows for compensation of uneven contact gaps produced during device assembly thereby making manufacture less expensive due to having wider acceptable tolerances. The use of the self-tapping screws avoids the need for a locking mechanism again reducing the number of parts required for the device. Mounting the disc assembly and the calibration means on the same support member renders the device less sensitive to shock and mounting the disc and heater assembly on the header completely independently of the cap renders the calibration of the protector insensitive and unaffected by deflections which might occur in the can. The three heaters employed are of generally the same length with a heater connected in each of the three phases thereby providing equal trip time performance for each phase for protection in single phasing conditions.

It should be understood that the preferred embodiment of the protector of this invention has been described by way of illustrating the invention but that the invention includes all modifications and equivalents of the disclosed embodiment which fall within the scope of the appended claims.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Hermetische, dreiphasige Schutzvorrichtung, mit einem metallischen Sockel (12), der mit einer ersten und einer zweiten Öffnung (22, 24) gebildet ist, die sich durch ihn hindurcherstrecken, mit zwei Anschlußteilen, die jeweils eine sich durch eine der Öffnungen verlaufenden Längsachse aufweisen und in den Öffnungen mittels eines elektrisch isolierenden Materials von dem Sockel (12) elektrisch isoliert angebracht sind, wobei die Längsachsen der Anschlußteile im wesentlichen zueinander parallel sind, wobei die Anschlußteile ein distales freies inneres Ende aufweisen, sowie mit einer Schalterbaugruppe, der zwei längliche Heizelemente (28, 30) mit zwei zueinander entgegengesetzten Enden aufweist, wobei jeweils ein Ende jedes Heizelementes (28, 30) fest an jeweils einem distalen freien Ende eines Anschlußteils (18, 20) befestigt ist und sich in einer zu der Längsachse der Anschlußteile im wesentlichen parallelen Richtung erstreckt, mit einem feststehenden elektrischen Kontaktstück (36, 38), der an dem entgegengesetzten anderen Ende jedes Heizelements befestigt ist, einem starren Trägerteil (33), das sich in einer zu den Längsachsen im wesentlichen parallelen Richtung erstreckt und zwischen den Anschlüssen (18, 20) angeordnet ist, mit einer thermostatischen Scheibe (46) mit Schnappwirkung, die zwei zueinander entgegengesetzte Enden aufweist, wobei ein Ende der Scheibe freitragend an dem Trägerteil angebracht ist, einem Paar bewegbarer elektrischer Kontaktstücke (50, 52), die an dem anderen Ende der Scheibe angebracht sind, wobei jedes bewegbare Kontaktstück (50, 52) auf ein zugehöriges feststehendes Kontaktstück (36, 38) ausgerichtet ist, und mit einer Metallkappe (80), welche die Schalterbaugruppe umgibt und hermetisch an dem Sockel (12) abgedichtet ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das starre Trägerteil (33) an dem Sockel angebracht ist und daß Mittel (72, 74) an dem starren Trägerteil vorgesehen sind, um die vertikale Stellung jedes feststehenden Kontaktstücks unabhängig einzustellen.
  2. Hermetische, dreiphasige Schutzvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, bei der das Trägerteil (35) ein distales freies Ende (40) aufweist und außerdem ein drittes längliches Heizelement (39) mit einem ersten und einem entgegengesetzten zweiten Ende umfaßt, wobei ein Ende an dem distalen freien Ende (40) des Trägers (33) befestigt ist und wobei sich das dritte Heizelement in einer Richtung zu dem Sockel (12) zurück erstreckt, und die Scheibe (46) an dem zweiten Ende des dritten Heizelements befestigt ist.
  3. Hermetische, dreiphasige Schutzvorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, bei der das dritte Heizelement einen hochstehenden Flansch (56) aufweist, der eine Strukturverstärkung bildet, und bei der an dem Flansch ein Schweißtropfen (44) angeschweißt ist, wobei der Tropfen einen im wesentlichen zylindrischen Körperabschnitt sowie einen sich jenseits des Körperabschnitts erstreckenden Kopfabschnitt (48) aufweist, wobei die Scheibe (46) an der Unterseite des Kopfabschnitts befestigt ist und wobei der Kopfabschnitt einen Biegerand (54) aufweist, der sich in einer Richtung erstreckt, die zu einer durch die bewegbaren Kontaktstücke (50, 52) laufenden imaginären Linie im wesentlichen parallel ist.
  4. Hermetische, dreiphasige Schutzvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, 2 oder 3, ferner enthaltend seitliche Arme (60, 62), die sich in zueinander entgegengesetzten Richtungen von dem Trägerteil (33) erstrecken, wobei die seitlichen Arme unterhalb der distalen freien Enden des ersten bzw. des zweiten Heizelements angeordnet sind, sowie eine in jedem Arm vorgesehene Öffnung, die auf das distale freie Ende des zugehörigen Heizelements ausgerichtet ist, eine Kalibrierungsschraube (72, 79), die in jeder Öffnung aufgenommen ist und dafür vorgesehen ist, das distalen Ende des jeweiligen Heizelements in einer Richtung nach oben zu biegen und dabei die vertikale Stellung des zugehörigen feststehenden Kontaktstücks (36, 38) einzustellen, sowie elektrische Isolationsmittel (76, 78), die zwischen die Schrauben und ihre zugehörigen Heizelemente eingesetzt sind.
  5. Hermetische, dreiphasige Schutzvorrichtung nach Anspruch 4, bei der die Kalibrierungsschrauben (72, 74) selbstschneidend sind.
  6. Hermetische, dreiphasige Schutzvorrichtung nach Anspruch 4 oder 5, bei der die elektrischen Isolationsmittel (76, 78) ein Plättchen aus elektrisch isolierendem Material aufweisen.
  7. Hermetische, mehrphasige Schutzvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, bei der die Scheibe mit Schnappwirkung im wesentlichen glockenförmig ist und einen Kopfabschnitt und einen Öffnungsabschnitt aufweist, wobei der Kopfabschnitt der Scheibe an dem dritten Heizelement und die bewegbaren Kontaktstücke an zueinander entgegengesetzten Enden des Öffnungsabschnitts angebracht sind.
  8. Hermetische, mehrphasige Schutzvorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, bei der die Kappe (80) ein napfförmiges Element mit einem aufgebördelten offenen Endabschnitt ist und der Sockel (12) innerhalb des gebördelten Abschnitts aufgenommen und mit diesem verschweißt ist, um den Querschnitt der Schutzvorrichtung zu minimieren.
  9. Hermetische, mehrphasige Schutzvorrichtung nach Anspruch 2 oder 3, bei der das erste, das zweite und das dritte Heizelement (28, 30, 39) im wesentlichen jeweils die gleiche Länge aufweisen, wobei jedes Heizelement mit einer getrennten Phasenwicklung des zu schützenden Geräts verbunden werden kann, um einen Schutz in Einphasenzuständen bereitzustellen.
  10. Verfahren zum Einstellen einer hermetischen Motorschutzvorrichtung, mit den folgenden Schritten: es wird eine Baugruppe mit einer Scheibe mit Schnappwirkung genommen, die freitragend an einem ihrer Enden befestigt ist und ein erstes und ein zweites bewegbares Kontaktstück aufweist, die voneinander beabstandet und an den zueinander entgegengesetzten Enden der Scheibe angebracht sind, wobei die Schutzvorrichtung ein erstes und ein zweites feststehendes Kontaktstück aufweist, die jeweils an einem biegbaren Element auf das bewegbare Kontaktstück der Scheibe ausgerichtet angebracht sind, und ein Trägerelement enthält, welches eine erste und eine zweite Kalibrierungsschraube trägt, die unterhalb der biegbaren Teile angebracht sind, an denen die feststehenden Kontaktstücke angebracht sind; es wird die Baugruppe genommen, wenn die Scheibe eine in der Ruhestellung nach oben konvexe Oberflächenform aufweist; es wird jede Kalibrierungsschraube unabhängig gedreht, bis ein feststehendes Kontaktstück an seinem zugehörigen Kontaktstück angreift; es wird die andere Kalibrierungsschraube weitergedreht, bis das andere feststehende Kontaktstück an seinem zugehörigen bewegbaren Kontaktstück angreift; dann werden beide Kalibrierungsschrauben gemeinsam um den gleichen Betrag gedreht, bis die Scheibe schnappt, so daß sich die bewegbaren Kontaktstücke aus dem Eingriff mit den feststehenden Kontaktstücken lösen, wodurch jeglicher ursprünglich in der zusammengebauten Schutzvorrichtung vorliegende Unterschied zwischen den Kontaktspalten kompensiert wird.
  11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10, bei dem die Kalibrierungsschrauben (72, 74) für den erstmaligen Eingriff ihrer zugehörigen beweglichen Kontaktstücke sequentiell gedreht werden.
  12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10, bei dem die Kalibrierungsschrauben (72, 74) für den erstmaligen Eingriff ihrer zugehörigen beweglichen Kontaktstücke gleichzeitig gedreht werden.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A three phase hermetic protector comprising a metallic header (12) formed with first and second apertures (22,24) therethrough, two terminal members each having a longitudinal axis extending through respective one of the apertures and mounted therein in electrical isolation from the header (12) by electrically insulative material, the longitudinal axis of the terminal members being generally parallel to one another, the terminal members having an inner free distal end, a switch assembly comprising two elongated heaters (28,30) each having two opposite ends, one end of each heater (28,30) being fixedly mounted on the free distal end of a respective one of the terminal members (18,20) and extending in a direction generally parallel to the longitudinal axis of the terminal member, a stationary electrical contact (36,38) mounted on the other opposite end of each heater, a rigid support member (33) extending in a direction generally parallel to the longitudinal axes and disposed intermediate the terminals (18,20), a snap acting thermostatic disc (46) having two opposite ends, one end of the disc being cantilever mounted on the support member, a pair of movable electrical contacts (50,52) being mounted on the other end of the disc, each movable contact (50,52) being aligned with a respective stationary contact (36,38) and metallic cap means (80) surrounding the switch assembly and hermetically sealed to the header (12) characterised in that the rigid support member (33) is mounted on the header and that means (72,74) are provided on the rigid support member to adjust independently the vertical position of each stationary contact.
  2. A three phase hermetic protector according to claim 1 in which the support member (35) has a free distal end (40) and further comprising a third elongated heater member (39) having first and second opposite ends, one end being attached to the free distal end (40) of the support (33) with the third heater member extending in a direction back towards the header (12) and the disc (46) is mounted on the second end of the third heater member.
  3. A three phase hermetic protector according to claim 2 in which the third heater member has an upstanding flange (56) to provide structural reinforcement and a welding slug (44) is welded to the flange, the slug having a generally cylindrical body portion and having a head portion (48) extending beyond the body portion, the disc (46) being attached to the underside of the head portion, the head portion having a bending edge (54) which extends in a direction generally parallel to an imaginary line passing through the movable contacts (50,52).
  4. A three phase hermetic protector according to claim 1, 2 or 3 further including lateral arms (60,62) extending in opposite directions from the support member (33), the lateral arms being disposed beneath the distal free ends of the first and second heaters respectively, an aperture provided in each arm in alignment with the distal free end of its respective heater, a calibration screw member (72,79) received in each aperture and adapted to bend the distal end of its respective heater in an upward direction thereby to adjust the vertical position of the respective stationary contact (36,38) and electrical insulation means (76,78) interposed between the screw members and their respective heaters.
  5. A three phase hermetic protector according to claim 4 in which the calibration screws (72,74) are self tapping.
  6. A three phase hermetic protector according to claim 4 or 5 in which the electrical insulation means (76,78) comprises a pad of electrically insulative material.
  7. A multiphase hermetic protector according to any one of claims 1 to 6 in which the snap acting disc is generally bell shaped having a head portion and a mouth portion with the head of the disc mounted on the third heater and the movable contacts mounted at opposite extremities of the mouth portion.
  8. A multiphase hermetic protector according to any one of the preceding claims in which the cap means (80) is a cup shaped member having an outwardly flared open end portion and the header (12) is received within the flared portion and is welded thereto to minimize the profile of the protector.
  9. A multiphase hermetic protector according to claim 2 or claim 3 in which the first, second and third heaters (28,30,39) are essentially the same length with each heater adapted to be connected to a separate phase winding of the apparatus to be protected to provide protection from single phasing conditions.
  10. A method for calibrating an hermetic motor protector including the steps of taking an assembly having a snap acting disc cantilever mounted at one end of the disc with first and second spaced movable contacts mounted adjacent to the opposite end of the disc, the protector having first and second stationary contacts each mounted on a bendable member in alignment with the movable contacts on the disc and having a support member bearing first and second calibration screws disposed beneath the bendable members on which the stationary contacts are respectively mounted, taking the assembly with the disc in an at rest upwardly convex surface configuration, turning each calibration screw independently until one stationary contact engages its respective corresponding contact, continue turning the other calibration screw until the other stationary contact engages its corresponding movable contact, then turning both calibration screws together the same amount until the disc snaps to move the movable contacts out of engagement with the stationary contacts thereby compensating for any difference in contact gaps originally existing in the assembled protector.
  11. A method according to claim 10 in which the calibration screws (72,74) are turned sequentially in initially engaging their respective movable contacts.
  12. A method according to claim 10 in which the calibration screws (72,74) are turned simultaneously in initially engaging their respective movable contacts.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Appareil de protection hermétique triphasé comprenant un socle (12) métallique comportant des première et seconde ouvertures (22, 24) à travers celui-ci, deux éléments de borne ayant chacun un axe longitudinal passant respectivement à travers l'une des ouvertures et montés dans celles-ci, isolés électriquement du socle (12) par un matériau isolant électriquement, les axes longitudinaux des éléments de borne étant généralement parallèles, les éléments de borne ayant une extrémité distale interne libre, un assemblage de commutateur comprenant deux éléments de chauffage (28, 30) de forme allongée ayant chacun deux extrémités opposées, une extrémité de chaque élément de chauffage (28, 30) étant montée fixe sur l'extrémité distale libre d'un élément respectif des éléments de borne (18, 20) et s'étendant dans une direction généralement parallèle à l'axe longitudinal de l'élément de borne, un contact électrique fixe (36, 38) monté à l'autre extrémité opposée de chaque élément de chauffage, un élément de support rigide (33) s'étendant dans une direction généralement parallèle aux axes longitudinaux et disposé entre les bornes (18, 20), un disque thermostatique (46) à action instantanée ayant deux extrémités opposées, une extrémité du disque étant montée en porte-à-faux sur l'élément de support, une paire de contacts électriques mobiles (50, 52) étant montée sur l'autre extrémité du disque, chaque contact mobile (50, 52) étant aligné avec un contact fixe respectif (36, 38) et des moyens formant couvercle métallique (80) entourant l'assemblage de commutateur et fermant hermétiquement le socle (12) caractérisé en ce que l'élément de support rigide (33) est monté sur le socle et en ce que des moyens (72, 74) sont disposés sur l'élément de support rigide pour régler indépendamment la position verticale de chaque contact fixe.
  2. Appareil de protection hermétique triphasé selon la revendication 1 dans lequel l'élément de support (35) a une extrémité distale libre (40) et comprenant en outre un troisième élément (39) de chauffage de forme allongée ayant des première et seconde extrémités opposées, une extrémité étant fixée à l'extrémité distale libre (40) du support (33), le troisième élément de chauffage s'étendant dans une direction redirigée vers le socle (12) et le disque (46) étant monté sur la seconde extrémité du troisième élément de chauffage.
  3. Appareil de protection hermétique triphasé selon la revendication 2 dans lequel le troisième élément de chauffage comporte un rebord vertical (56) pour obtenir un renforcement structurel et une pastille de soudure (44) est soudée au rebord, la pastille ayant une partie de corps généralement cylindrique et ayant une partie de tête (48) s'étendant au-delà de la partie de corps, le disque (46) étant fixé au-dessous de la partie de tête, la partie de tête ayant un bord de courbure (54) qui s'étend dans une direction généralement parallèle à une ligne imaginaire passant par les contacts mobiles (50, 52).
  4. Appareil de protection hermétique triphasé selon la revendication 1, 2 ou 3 comprenant en outre des bras latéraux (60, 62) s'étendant dans des directions opposées par rapport à l'élément de support (33), les bras latéraux étant disposés sous les extrémités libres distales des premier et second éléments de chauffage respectivement, une ouverture pratiquée dans chaque bras en alignement avec l'extrémité libre distale de son élément de chauffage respectif, un élément (72, 79) à vis d'étalonnage reçu dans chaque ouverture et apte à courber l'extrémité distale de son élément de chauffage respectif vers le haut afin de régler la position verticale du contact fixe respectif (36, 38) et des moyens d'isolation électrique (76, 78) interposés entre les éléments à vis et leurs éléments de chauffage respectifs.
  5. Appareil de protection hermétique triphasé selon la revendication 4 dans lequel les vis d'étalonnage (72, 74) sont autotaraudeuses.
  6. Appareil de protection hermétique triphasé selon la revendication 4 ou 5 dans lequel les moyens d'isolation électrique (76, 78) comprennent un tampon de matériau isolant électriquement.
  7. Appareil de protection hermétique multiphasé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6 dans lequel le disque à action instantané a généralement la forme d'une cloche ayant une partie de tête et une partie d'embouchure, la tête du disque étant montée sur le troisième élément de chauffage et les contacts mobiles étant montés aux extrémités opposées de la partie d'embouchure.
  8. Appareil de protection hermétique multiphasé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes dans lequel le moyen formant couvercle (80) est un élément en forme de coupe ayant une partie d'extrémité ouverte évasée vers l'extérieur et le socle (12) est reçu dans la partie évasée et est soudé à celle-ci pour minimiser le profil de l'appareil de protection.
  9. Appareil de protection hermétique multiphasé selon la revendication 2 ou la revendication 3 dans lequel les premier, second et troisième éléments de chauffage (28, 30, 39) ont essentiellement la même longueur, chaque élément de chauffage étant apte à être connecté à un enroulement de phase séparé de l'appareil à protéger pour obtenir une protection dans des conditions à une seule phase.
  10. Procédé pour étalonner un appareil de protection hermétique de moteur comportant les étapes d'utilisation d'un assemblage comportant un élément en porte-à-faux à disque à action instantanée monté à une extrémité du disque avec des premier et second contacts mobiles espacés montés dans une position adjacente à l'extrémité opposée du disque, l'appareil de protection ayant des premier et second contacts fixes montés chacun sur un élément pouvant être courbé en alignement avec les contacts mobiles sur le disque et ayant un élément de support portant des première et seconde vis d'étalonnage disposées sous les éléments pouvant être courbés sur lesquels les contacts fixes sont respectivement montés, d'utilisation de l'assemblage avec le disque dans une configuration de surface convexe vers le haut au repos, de rotation de chaque vis d'étalonnage indépendamment jusqu'à ce qu'un contact fixe coopère avec son contact correspondant respectif, de poursuite de la rotation de l'autre vis d'étalonnage jusqu'à ce que l'autre contact fixe coopère avec son contact mobile correspondant, puis de rotation des deux vis d'étalonnage ensemble de la même quantité jusqu'à ce que le disque agisse instantanément pour dégager les contacts mobiles des contacts fixes afin de compenser toute différence dans les intervalles de contact existant à l'origine dans l'appareil de protection assemblé.
  11. Procédé selon la revendication 10 dans lequel les vis d'étalonnage (72, 74) sont vissées séquentiellement par coopération initiale avec leurs contacts mobiles respectifs.
  12. Procédé selon la revendication 10 dans lequel les vis d'étalonnage (72, 74) sont vissées simultanément par coopération initiale avec leurs contacts mobiles respectifs.






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