BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
Field of the Invention
This invention relates to a rotary type injection orientation blow
molding machine which can perform operations from injection molding of a preform
formed of a synthetic resin to orientation blow molding of a hollow molded article.
Description of the Prior Art
The molding machine of this kind includes one type in which a rotary
disk on the machine bed is held by a base plate secured by a tie bar, and an injection
mold is moved with respect to a hold mold on the lower side of the rotary disk
to effect clamping, and the other type in which a mold is fixed, and a base plate
is moved together with a rotary disk to effect clamping.
In the molding machine of the base plate-fixed type, since the injection
mold is vertically moved, the injection apparatus cannot always be placed in nozzle
touch with the mold, and it is necessary to move the injection apparatus backward
every completion of injection. Therefore, it takes time for the injection molding,
which comprises a bottle-neck in improving the molding cycle. Furthermore, both
the injection core and mold need be clamped, as a consequence of which a larger
clamping device is required.
On the other hand, in the molding machine of the base plate movable
type, since the injection mold is fixed, the aforementioned problem can be overcome.
However, it is necessary move the clamping plate provided with the injection core
up and down so as not to be delayed than the movement of the base plate, and the
moving stroke thereof is larger than the case of the fixed type. Therefore, it
takes time for open- and closing the mold, which comprises a bottle-neck in shortening
the molding cycle.
OBJECT OF THE INVENTION
This invention has been contemplated in view of the above. An object
of the invention to provide, in a molding machine of the type in which the base
plate side is moved, a new rotary type injection orientation blow molding machine
capable of vertically moving the clamping plate at a high speed.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
According to a first feature of the present invention, there is provided
a rotary type injection orientation blow molding machine in which a horizontal
base plate vertically movably provided on a machine bed with required portions
of a peripheral edge thereof inserted into tie bars stood upright on the machine
bed, a transfer plate rotatably mounted on the underside of said base plate and
having hold molds at three locations of the lower surface thereof, a drive device
located in the central portion in the upper portion of the base plate to intermittently
rotate the transfer plate by a predetermined angle, a vertical clamping device
and an injection mold with stop positions of said hold molds serving as an injection
molding portion, an orientatiion blow molding portion and a releasing portion,
a blow mold and orientation blow device, and a releasing device are provided at
predetermined locations on the machine bed or the base plate, wherein a frame for
connecting upper ends of said tie bars with each other and a fixed plate downwardly
having a clamping cylinder of said clamping device are integrally molded, said
fixed plate being secured to the tie bars on both sides of the injection molding
portion, a clamping ram is connected to a vertically movable clamping plate inserted
into both the tie bars, and a base-plate vertically moving cylinder is provided
between a beam member integrally mounted between said machine bed and a peripheral
edge of the base plate or between the frame of the tie bars and the fixed plate
of the clamping device, and a cover member for the drive device in the central
portion of the base plate.
According to a second feature of the present invention, said clamping
device comprises a clamping cylinder wherein an inner diameter of an upper chamber
is larger than an inner diameter of a lower chamber, the lower chamber is communicated
with a parallel charge cylinder on the side of the cylinder and both the chambers
are communicated by a bypass provided with a closing valve; a booster ram extended
through a central portion of the clamping cylinder, a cylindrical clamping ram
having a piston having an outer diameter matched to said lower chamber at the upper
end thereof and having said booster ram inserted thereinto, a clamping plate having
an injection core at the lower side thereof and vertically movably inserted into
the tie bars on the both sides, and a piston rod of the charge cylinder connected
to the clamping plate together with said claimping ram.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
The drawings show embodiments of a rotary type injection blow molding
machine according to this invention.
- FIG. 1 is a plan view of the molding machine, a part of which is cut away;
- FIG. 2 is a side view when the mold is opened;
- FIG. 3 is a longitudinal sectional side view of an injection molding portion
and an orientation blow molding portion during molding;
- FIG. 4 is a longitudinal sectional front view of the injection molding portion;
- FIG. 5 is a longitudinal sectional side view of an injection molding portion
and an orientation blow molding portion when the mold is opened;
- FIG. 6 is a longitudinal sectional side view of an injection molding portion
and an orientation blow molding portion during molding according to another embodiment;
- FIG. 7 is a partly longitudinal sectional side view of an upper portion of
a molding machine according to still another embodiment.
In the drawings, reference numeral 1 designates a machine bed, 2
a horizontal base plate above the machine bed, 3 a transfer plate rotatably embraced
in the underside of the base plate 2, and 4 a seat plate on the machine bed.
Tie bars 5 are vertically stood upright at four portions of the seat
plate 4, and peripheral edges of the base plate are slidably inserted into the
tie bars 5. Insert holes are bored in three portions of the transfer plate 3,
and hold molds 6 also serving as a mold forming a mouth portion of a preform are
radially closeably mounted on the lower surface of the transfer plate at the portions
of the insert holes.
A drive device 7 for intermittently rotating the transfer plate 3
every 120° leftwise is provided in the central portion at the upper portion of
the base plate. Stop positions of the hold molds 6 of the transfer plate 2 are
set to be an injection molding portion, an orientation blow molding portion and
a releasing portion, respectively. Core insert portions 8 are bored, and a clamping
device 9, an orientation blow device 10 and a releasing device 11 are disposed
in order on said portions.
A fixed plate 12 of the clamping device 9 is formed integral with
a frame 13 for connecting upper ends of the tie bars 5 each other, the fixed plate
12 being mounted over the upper ends of a pair of tie bars 5 on the both sides
of the injection molding portion. A clamping cylinder 14 is downwardly integrally
formed at the upper portion of the fixed plate 12, and a charge cylinder 15 for
pressurized oil and a bypass 16 vertically communicated within the clamping cylinder
are provided on both sides thereof.
The inner diameter of the upper chamber of the clamping cylinder
is larger than the inner diameter of the lower chamber, the lower chamber being
communicated with the charge cylinder 15, and a booster ram 18 having a piston
inserted into a cylindrical clamping ram 17 is positioned in the central portion
therein. A piston 19 of the clamping ram 17 has the outer diameter water-tightly
fitted into the lower chamber, and the clamping ram 17 is moved downward due to
the pressurized oil within the cylinder according to a difference in pressure receiving
area between the upper surface and lower surface of the piston.
The bypass 16 is interiorly provided with a valve 20 which defines
upper and lower supply and discharge ports connected to a hydraulic circuit (not
shown) if necessary and which opens and closes the bypass (see FIG. 3).
The clamping cylinder 17 and a pair of piston rods 21 of the charge
cylinder 15 on the both sides are connected to a clamping plate 22 vertically movably
inserted over both the tie bars 5, and an injection core 23 is mounted on the
underside of the clamping plate 22.
Reference numeral 24 designates a base-plate vertically moving cylinder.
The cylinders 24 are provided on a seat plate externally of the tie bar 5 of the
injection molding portion and on a seat plate between the orientation blow molding
portion and the releasing portion, and their piston rods 25 are connected to the
edge side of the base plate 2.
Reference numeral 26 designates an injection mold, which is secured
to a pedestal 29 vertically movably provided by a limit pin 27 and a spring member
28 on the seat plate 4. A lock 31 always placed in nozzle touch with an injection
device 30 is secured to the seat plate interiorly of the pedestal 29.
An air or hydraulically operated core insert cylinder 32 and an orientation
cylinder 33 are provided on the base plate 2 of the orientation blow molding portion
10, and a blow core 36 interiorly provided with an orientation rod 35 is mounted
under a bed plate 34 having a piston rod 32a connected thereto.
A blow mold 37 is provided on the seat plate. The blow mold is radially
closeably provided together with a clamping cylinder 41 on a support bed 40 connected
to a ram 39 of an air or hydraulically operated elevating device 38 installed
underside of the seat plate.
An air or hydraulically operated releasing cylinder 42 is provided
on the base plate of the releasing portion 11. Wedge members 45 entered from the
base plate and an opening 44 (see FIG. 1) of the transfer plate to force open
the hold mold 6 are mounted on both ends of a bed plate 43 connected to a piston
rod of the cylinder 42.
Reference numeral 46 designates a preform and 47 denotes a molded
In an embodiment shown in FIG. 7, the base-plate vertically moving
cylinder 24 is mounted on a beam member 48 integrally mounted over the frame 3
and a central portion on the fixed plate side of the clamping device 9, the piston
rod 25 is connected to a cover member 48 of the drive device in the central portion
of the base plate, and the base plate 2 is moved up and down in the central portion.
In the molding machine having the construction as described above,
when the piston rod 25 of the base-plate vertically moving cylinder 24 is contracted,
the base plate 2 together with the transfer plate 3 moves down, and in the injection
molding portion 6, the hold mold 6 is fitted into an upper opening of the cavity
of the injection mold 26. In the orientation molding portion 10, the hold mold
6 is positioned at the central portion of the blow mold 37.
When during the downward movement of the base plate 2, pressure oil
is supplied from a supply port in the bypass 16 on the side to the clamping cylinder
14, the clamping ram is moved downward due to a difference in pressure received
by the piston 19 to downwardly move the injection core 23 together with the clamping
plate 22. Since the piston rod 21 of the charge cylinder 15 is pulled downward
due to the downward movement of the clamping plate 22, pressure oil within the
charge cylinder is delivered from the lower chamber to the clamping cylinder 14.
Such a delivery is continued till the piston 19 is fitted into the lower chamber,
and the pressure oil within the chamber is fed toward the upper chamber because
of presence of a clearance around the piston 19. Therefore, even if pressure oil
is present in the lower chamber, it will not act as a resistance, and the clamping
ram 17 is moved down at a high speed.
When the piston 19 is fitted into the lower chamber, oil-pressure
resistance is produced therein so that the descending speed of the clamping ram
17 slows down. When at that time, the bypass 16 is closed to let pressure oil
in the lower chamber escape from a discharge port at the lower portion of the bypass
to the hydraulic circuit, the mode is switched to clamping.
During the course of clamping, in the orientation blow molding portion
10, closing and clamping of the blow mold 47 are carried out. Then, this step is
shifted to injection molding of the preform 46 and orientation blow molding of
the molded article 47.
Upon completion of the molding, the blow mold 47 is opened, and a
supply of pressure oil into the clamping cylinder is stopped, and when the bypass
16 is opened to supply pressure oil to the booster ram 18, the clamping ram 17
is moved upward together with the clamping plate 22 by the pressure oil fed under
pressure into the clamping ram. At the same time, the piston rod 21 is also forced
upward through the clamping plate 22, and therefore, pressure oil within the clamping
cylinder is pumped up into the charge cylinder 15 via the bypass 16. Therefore,
pressure oil in the upper chamber comprises no resistance so that the clamping
ram 17 is moved upward at a high speed.
When the piston 25 of the base-plate vertically moving cylinder 24
is extended in synchronism with the upward movement of the clamping ram 17, the
base plate 2 is moved upward together with the transfer plate 3 having the preform
46 held by the hold mold 6, and the injection core 13 is removed during such upward
The difference in level of the injection mold 36 and the blow mold
47 can be adjusted by vertically changing the position of the blow mold 37.
In molding of a short preform 46, a moving stroke of the clamping
ram 17 is restricted, and therefore, the injection core 23 is mounted by applying
a block 50 having a predetermined thickness to compensate for the stroke to the
clamping plate 22.
This invention has a configuration as mentioned above, and even in
the case where the base plate is moved upward together with the transfer plate,
mold opening can be done at a high speed. Moreover, since the injection device
may be always placed in nozzle touch with the injection mold, there is a feature
that the molding cycle time is materially shortened.