PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0532742 11.07.1996
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0532742
Titel Regelbarer Fluidstrahlreiniger
Anmelder Ingersoll-Rand Co., Woodcliff Lake, N.J., US
Erfinder MUNOZ, Jose, P., Joplin, MO 64804, US
Vertreter Schroeter Fleuchaus Lehmann & Gallo, 81479 München
DE-Aktenzeichen 69211263
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, NL
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 02.04.1992
EP-Aktenzeichen 929105575
WO-Anmeldetag 02.04.1992
PCT-Aktenzeichen US9202653
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 9217318
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 15.10.1992
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 24.03.1993
EP date of grant 05.06.1996
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 11.07.1996
IPC-Hauptklasse B24C 5/02
IPC-Nebenklasse B05B 15/06   B08B 3/02   

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates generally to fluid jet cleaning systems, and more particularly to a fluid jet which may be adjusted to control the cleaning position and intensity of the device.

US-A-4 836 455 discloses a fluid jet cleaner with a rotatable nozzle body with a single nozzle for dispersing fluid, the nozzle being angularly adjustable relative to the nozzle body to control a radius in which fluid exiting the nozzle will produce on a surface to be cleaned.

DE-U-90 05 919, which forms the base for the preamble of claim 1, discloses a high pressure jet cleaner for cleaning concrete slabs and the like, where a horizontal rotating spray bar carries nozzles at each end which are equally spaced from the vertical axis of rotation of the spray bar, thereby to produce a circular spray pattern of even intensity.

EP-A-0 356 587 discloses a dish or glass washer which includes a spray bar with a plurality of nozzles equally spaced along the length of the bar so as to provide an even cleaning intensity to glasses or the like placed above the spray bar.

According to the present invention, there is provided a fluid jet cleaner comprising a nozzle body adapted for continuous rotation about an axis during operation, with a plurality of nozzles mounted on the nozzle body at attachment points for dispersing fluid along a centreline of each nozzle and angular adjustment of the centreline for each nozzle relative to the nozzle body axis controls a radius which fluid exiting each nozzle will produce on a surface when the surface is a fixed axial distance from the nozzle body, characterised in that at least one of the plurality of nozzles is mounted on the nozzle body at a distance from the rotational axis of the nozzle body different from the distance from said rotational axis at which at least one other nozzle is mounted on the nozzle body to provide a non-symmetrical arrangement of nozzles along the nozzle body.

For a better understanding of the invention and to show how the same may be carried into effect, reference will now be made, by way of example, to the accompanying drawings, in which:-

  • Figure 1 is a cross-sectional side view illustrating a first embodiment of fluid jet cleaner;
  • Figure 2 is a cross-sectional side view illustrating a second embodiment of fluid jet cleaner;
  • Figure 3 is a top view of a surface, illustrating the geometries of a plurality of the nozzle fluid jet cleaners acting on the surface;
  • Figure 4 is a cross-sectional side view of the fluid jet cleaner illustrating an adjustment portion to orientate its nozzle means;
  • Figure 5 is a cross-sectional side view of the fluid jet cleaner and further including one form of an adjustable portion to adjust a section which introduces abrasives to a fluid stream; and
  • Figure 6 is an enlarged view illustrating another form of adjustable portion to adjust a section which introduces abrasives to a fluid stream.

Figure 1 illustrates a fluid jet cleaner 10 which includes a nozzle body 12 and a plurality of adjustable nozzles 14 (in this specification, the terms "nozzle" and "nozzle means" will be used interchangeably). This fluid jet cleaner is of a jet fan nozzle type, even though this invention applies to nozzle configurations of other types. The nozzle body 12 forms a reservoir 16 which contains fluid under pressure. The fluid contained within the reservoir is in fluid communication with nozzle apertures 18 formed within the nozzles. Fluid escaping from the reservoir 16 through the nozzle apertures 18 will be projected, for all practical purposes, along a centreline 20.

Adjustment means 22 is included to adjust the centreline direction of each nozzle relative to the nozzle body 12. The adjustment means typically comprises a plurality of radially disposed longitudinally extensible rod members 24, selectively extendable to align the centreline 20 of each individual nozzle 14. The function of the adjustment means is described in greater detail below.

Figure 2 illustrates another embodiment of fluid jet cleaner 50 which has a nozzle body 52 which is rotatable about an axis 54. There are at least two nozzle means 56 positioned within the nozzle body to expel fluid along a centreline 57. This approximates the orientation of projection of a fluid stream from the nozzle means 56, as previously described.

Referring also to Figure 3, to control the cleaning intensity of the fluid jet cleaner 50, the pressure within a reservoir 58 formed in the nozzle body 52 is altered, the angle 60 at which the fluid acts upon a surface 61 to be cleaned is changed, the length 64 which separates the surface 61 along the axis 54 is modified, the number of nozzle means 56 acting on the surface is altered, or the dimensioning of a nozzle orifice 59 is changed. Many of the above controls of the cleaning intensity are cross-related.

A distance 66 is measured along the surface 61 from where the axis 54 intersects the surface, to where the centreline 57 intersects the surface. This distance 66 will generate a radius 68 of a cleaning circle 70 when the nozzle body 52 is rotated about the axis 54. The smaller the radius 68 (assuming the nozzle body is rotating at a constant speed) the more time the fluid is acting on a constant length 71 of the cleaning circle 70, and the more intense the cleaning action of a fluid jet will be.

The angle 60 at which the centreline 57 (or fluid stream) intersects the surface will also affect the cleaning intensity since the greater the angle 60, the greater the energy intensity of the fluid jet imparted upon the surface 61 will be.

To alter the angle 60 of the centreline relative to the axis 54 and maintain a constant cleaning circle 70, a nozzle distance 72 (which is the length along the nozzle body, normal to the axial direction, from the axis 54 to the nozzle means 56) must be altered. For this reason, the nozzle distances 72 between two nozzle means 56 are different.

The adjustment means used may be any device, which is well known in the art, which adjusts the nozzle stream relative similar to that described in U.S. Patent No. 4,836,455, which discloses using adjustment means for fluid jet systems. One such adjustment structure is illustrated in Figure 4, in which the nozzle or nozzle means 14, includes a body section 80 and a stem portion 82. The nozzle 14 contains a centre bore 86 whose orientation determines, for all practical purposes, the orientation of the centreline 57. To adjust the relative position between the centreline 57 of a nozzle and the nozzle body 12, the radially disposed extensible rod members 24 are retracted. The stem portion is then aligned as desired, then the radially disposed extensible members 24 are then extended to lock the nozzle into position.

The longitudinally extensible rod members 24 are typically set screws. However, they may be any device which extends to lock the nozzle means 14 into a longitudinal direction by acting on a side of nozzle stem 82. Any number of members 24 may be used, even though two to four substantially evenly spaced, in the same plane, have been found optimal. Two radially disposed members 24 are disposed on opposite sides of the nozzle stem 82, the rod members are radially aligned with the axis of rotation (see Figure 3).

Fluid jets may be aimed in two ways. Initially, the operator may line up the angle 60 of the centreline by observation. Alternatively, as illustrated in Figure 4, a shim 120 may be inserted into a nozzle stem recess 122 which the nozzle stem 82 projects into. Actuation of the nozzle stem 82 by the adjustment means, to force the nozzle stem 82 into contact with the shim 120, results in precise and reproducible alignment of the nozzle stem 82 and thereby precise alignment of the centreline 57.

Figures 5 and 6 illustrate the application of the adjustability feature to abrasive cleaners. In Figure 5, a first set of adjustment means 130 angularly position the adjustable nozzle 14. A second adjustment means 132, which may be similar to the adjustment means on the above mentioned U.S. Patent No. 4,836,455 (as is well known in the art) is applied to a focussing tube 134 to align an opening 136 of the focussing tube 134 with the centreline 57 of the nozzle.

Figure 6 illustrates an alternative embodiment for focussing an abrasive fluid jet cleaner. A unitary abrasive nozzle structure 140 includes an adjustable nozzle 142 and a focussing tube 144. The entire unitary abrasive nozzle structure 140 may be adjusted by adjustment means 132 as described above. The unitary abrasive structure 140 has a chamber 146 which communicates, through an aperture 148, to a well known abrasive injection device (not shown).


Anspruch[de]
  1. Fluidstrahlreiniger mit einem Düsenkörper (12), der für eine kontinuierliche Drehung um eine Achse während des Betriebs ausgebildet ist, mit einer Vielzahl von Düsen (14), die an dem Düsenkörper an Befestigungspunkten angebracht sind, um Fluid längs einer Mittellinie (20) jeder Düse zu verteilen, und wobei eine Winkeleinstellung der Mittellinie (20) für jede Düse (14) relativ zu der Achse des Düsenkörpers einen Radius steuert, den ein aus jeder Düse austretendes Fluid auf einer Oberfläche (61) erzeugt, wenn sich die Oberfläche in einer festen axialen Entfernung von dem Düsenkörper befindet, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß wenigstens eine der Vielzahl von Düsen an dem Düsenkörper unter einer Entfernung von der Drehachse des Düsenkörpers angebracht ist, die unterschiedlich gegenüber der Entfernung von der Drehachse ist, unter der wenigstens eine andere Düse an dem Düsenkörper angebracht ist, um eine nicht symmetrische Anordnung der Düsen längs des Düsenkörpers zu schaffen.
  2. Fluidstrahlreiniger nach Anspruch 1, bei dem die Düse ferner einen Düsenkopf und einen Düsenschaft aufweist.
  3. Fluidstrahlreiniger nach Anspruch 2, bei dem die Düse ferner wenigstens ein in Längsrichtung verlängerbares Stangenglied (22) aufweist, das so ausgebildet ist, daß es den Düsenschaft berührt, um eine Bewegung des Düsenschafts auf das Stangenglied zu zu begrenzen.
  4. Fluidstrahlreiniger nach Anspruch 1, 2 oder 3, der ferner eine Beilage (120) aufweist, die zwischen der Düse und dem Düsenkörper angeordnet werden kann, um die relative Stellung zwischen der Düse und dem Düsenkörper zu steuern.
  5. Fluidstrahlreiniger nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, der ferner eine Einrichtung zum Injizieren von Schleifmittel aufweist, um Schleifmittel zu dem Fluid an einer Stelle stromabwärts von der Düse zu injizieren.
  6. Fluidstrahlreiniger nach Anspruch 5, bei dem das Fluidstrahlsystem ferner in Fluidverbindung mit der Düse eine Kammer aufweist, die eine Öffnung hat.
  7. Fluidstrahlreiniger nach Anspruch 5 oder 6, der ferner ein Fokussierrohr aufweist, um ein Arbeitsfluid nach dem Injizieren der Schleifmittel aufzunehmen.
  8. Fluidstrahlreiniger nach Anspruch 7, bei dem die Düse und das Fokussierrohr eine einheitliche Struktur bilden.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A fluid jet cleaner comprising a nozzle body (12) adapted for continuous rotation about an axis during operation, with a plurality of nozzles (14) mounted on the nozzle body at attachment points for dispersing fluid along a centreline (20) of each nozzle and angular adjustment of the centreline (20) for each nozzle (14) relative to the nozzle body axis controls a radius which fluid exiting each nozzle will produce on a surface (61) when the surface is a fixed axial distance from the nozzle body, characterised in that at least one of the plurality of nozzles is mounted on the nozzle body at a distance from the rotational axis of the nozzle body different from the distance from said rotational axis at which at least one other nozzle is mounted on the nozzle body to provide a non-symmetrical arrangement of nozzles along the nozzle body.
  2. A fluid jet cleaner according to claim 1, wherein the nozzle further comprises a nozzle head and a nozzle stem.
  3. A fluid jet cleaner according to claim 2, wherein the nozzle further comprises at least one longitudinally extendable rod member (22), configured to contact the nozzle stem to restrict motion of the nozzle stem towards the rod member.
  4. A fluid jet cleaner according to claim 1, 2 or 3 and further comprising a shim (120) positionable between the nozzle and the nozzle body to control the relative position between the nozzle and the nozzle body.
  5. A fluid jet cleaner according to any one of the preceding claims and further comprising abrasive injection means for injecting abrasives to the fluid at a position downstream of said nozzle.
  6. A fluid jet cleaner according to claim 5, wherein said fluid jet system further comprises a chamber in fluid communication with the nozzle and having a port.
  7. A fluid jet cleaner according to claim 5 or 6 and further comprising focussing tube means for receiving working fluid after injection of the abrasives.
  8. A fluid jet cleaner according to claim 7, wherein the nozzle and the focussing tube means are a unitary structure.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Appareil de nettoyage par projection d'un fluide, comprenant un corps (12) de buse destiné à tourner de façon continue autour d'un axe pendant le fonctionnement, plusieurs buses (14) étant montées sur le corps de buse en des points de fixation afin qu'elles dispersent un fluide le long d'un axe central (20) de chaque buse, et l'ajustement angulaire de l'axe central (20) de chaque buse (14) par rapport à l'axe du corps de buse règle le rayon du cercle produit sur une surface (61) par un fluide sortant de chaque buse lorsque la surface se trouve à une distance axiale fixe du corps de buse, caractérisé en ce que l'une au moins des buses est montée sur le corps de buse à une distance de l'axe de rotation du corps de buse qui est différente de la distance à l'axe de rotation à laquelle une autre buse au moins est montée sur le corps de buse afin que les buses forment une disposition non symétrique le long du corps de buse.
  2. Appareil de nettoyage par projection de fluide selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la buse supplémentaire comporte une tête et une tige de buse.
  3. Appareil de nettoyage par projection de fluide selon la revendication 2, dans lequel la buse comporte en outre au moins un organe à barre (22) qui peut avancer longitudinalement, ayant une configuration lui permettant d'être au contact de la tige de buse, si bien que le mouvement de la tige de buse par rapport à l'organe à barre est limité.
  4. Appareil de nettoyage par projection de fluide selon la revendication 1, 2 ou 3, comprenant en outre une cale (120) destinée à être placée entre la buse et le corps de buse pour le réglage de la position relative de la buse et du corps de buse.
  5. Appareil de nettoyage par projection de fluide selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre un dispositif d'injection d'abrasif destiné à injecter les abrasifs dans le fluide à un emplacement qui se trouve en aval de la buse.
  6. Appareil de nettoyage par projection de fluide selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le système de projection de fluide comporte en outre une chambre communiquant avec la buse et ayant un orifice.
  7. Appareil de nettoyage par projection de fluide selon la revendication 5 ou 6, comprenant en outre un dispositif à tube de focalisation destiné à recevoir le fluide de travail après l'injection des abrasifs.
  8. Appareil de nettoyage par projection de fluide selon la revendication 7, dans lequel la buse et le dispositif à tube de focalisation forment une structure unitaire.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

Anmelder
Datum

Patentrecherche

Patent Zeichnungen (PDF)

Copyright © 2008 Patent-De Alle Rechte vorbehalten. eMail: info@patent-de.com