This invention relates to a pneumatic vehicle tyre and in particular
to the tread reinforcement of a radial tyre.
Such tyres have a carcass reinforcement ply and radially outside
the carcass ply in the tread region a reinforcement breaker assembly. The breaker
assembly comprises a breaker extending from one tyre shoulder to the other tyre
shoulder and a bandage over said breaker. The bandage may be in the form of strips
which overlap in a shingle-like manner in the shoulder regions.
A pneumatic vehicle tyre of this kind is, for example, known from
EP-PS 0 258 822. There the strips are arranged with overlap in a shingle-like
manner in both the tyre shoulder regions, whereby the layer formed by the strips
in the two side regions of the tyre is reinforced in contrast to the centre of
the tyre. In this way, the high speed running characteristics of the tyre are
improved. It is, however, problematic in this respect because the increased material
in the region of the two tyre shoulders, in contrast to the centre of the tyre,
increases the flat-spot tendency of the tyre in an unfavourable manner.
From DE 39 17 735 A1 it is known to provide bandage strips in the
shoulder regions of a pneumatic vehicle tyre of a material different from that
used for bandage strips provided in the central region.
The object of the present invention is to improve such a pneumatic
vehicle tyre with respect of its high speed running performance, with respect to
its flat-spot behaviour and with respect to its wear behaviour and simultaneously
to allow manufacture of the tyre at a more favourable cost.
According to the present invention a vehicle pneumatic tyre comprises
a breaker and a bandage of reinforcement plies which extend substantially in the
circumferential direction of the tyre wherein the bandage reinforcement plies consist
of overlapping strips in the tyre shoulder regions, characterised in that a further
middle bandage reinforcement ply of conventional type is provided between two
bandage reinforcement plies and in that the strips of the reinforcement plies comprise
a hybrid material consisting of polyaramid and polyamide and the middle reinforcement
ply comprises polyamide.
Through the provision of a material combination of this kind in the
jointless band reinforcement plies in the shoulder regions and the central conventional
reinforcement ply, with the latter comprising a different material to the reinforcement
plies material close to the shoulders, the differential loadings in the different
tyre regions are taken into account. In this way, the high speed running performance
can be improved.
Also in another embodiment the higher loaded tyre shoulder may be
formed with a stronger reinforcement value material than the other shoulder reinforcement.
The tyre of the invention is moreover more cost favourable to manufacture
than when using only one material including, for example, using a hybrid material.
Furthermore, it is possible through the material and winding combination
of the invention to exercise an influence on the expansion of the tyre at higher
speeds and thus to achieve an improvement in the aqua-planing behaviour, with the
tyre centre growing more in the dynamic state than the shoulders. Through a suitable
material combination of the material of the central reinforcement ply and the
material of the reinforcement plies close to the shoulders, in particular by using
in the shoulders a hybrid material of polyaramid and polyamide, the growth at
the centre of the tyre can be so adjusted that centre wear is reduced despite
improved aqua-planing characteristics, with the flat-spot behaviour being improved
through the choice of the suitable material combination.
Further advantageous forms of the invention are set forth in the
The invention will now be explained, by way of example only, with
reference to an embodiment and the drawings in which are shown:
- Figure 1 is a cross-section through a pneumatic vehicle tyre in accordance
with the invention; and
- Figure 2 is a plan view of the bandage ply arrangement of the tyre of Figure
In Figure 1 the profile of a pneumatic vehicle tyre is shown comprising
sidewalls 1, 2 and a rubber tread region 3. The tyre body is reinforced by a non-illustrated
carcass which extends from one bead 4 to the other bead 5 and is anchored around
The tread region 3 consists of a rubber tread strip 6 having a tread
pattern 8 and a two-ply breaker reinforcement 7 arranged beneath the tread strip
6 extending over the full width of the tread pattern 8 and essentially parallel
Between the tread pattern 8 and the breaker 7 and essentially parallel
thereto, there is provided a reinforcing ply bandage 9 which covers the breaker
The bandage 9 comprises a first reinforcement ply region 91 close
to on tyre shoulder, a second reinforcement ply 92 close to the other tyre shoulder
and also a central reinforcement ply region 93. The central ply region 93 consists
of a different material to the reinforcement ply regions 91,92. In particular,
the reinforcement ply regions 91 or 92 comprise a winding of a single band of
several cords lying alongside one another. The band is helically wound in such
a way that the neighbouring windings 10,10' overlap in a shingle-like manner.
The band of the reinforcing ply 91 is preferably wound, starting in the transition
region from the tread strip 6 to the sidewall 1 essentially in the circumferential
direction of the tyre, to the edge of the central reinforcement ply. The other
reinforcement ply 92 is helically wound, starting at the other edge of the central
reinforcement ply 93, essentially in the circumferential direction of the tyre
to the outer tyre shoulder 12, i.e. to the junction region of the tread strip
6 and the sidewall 2.
Instead of using in each case a single helically wound band for the
reinforcement close to the shoulders, it is possible to use circumferentially
extending strips 10 which are separate from one another and are laterally displaced
relative to one another so that the desired overlap results.
The width of the reinforcing ply regions 91 and 92 in each shoulder
respectively amounts to approximately one quarter to one third of the tread width,
whereas the width of the central reinforcement ply amounts to approximately one
third to one half of the tread strip width. The central reinforcement ply 93 consists
in this arrangement of a conventional bandage ply.
The two outer reinforcement plies 91,92 consist of a first material
A, whereas the central reinforcement ply 93 consists of a second material B. The
material combination comprises for A a hybrid cord of polyaramid and polyamide,
and for B polyamide. In this way, the higher loaded tyre shoulders are reinforced
by material of greater strength.
For the manufacture of a reinforcing ply arrangement of this kind,
one can use a winding device provided with two winding heads which are equipped
with the bands for the winding of the shoulders.
Another feature of the invention provides for one shoulder reinforcement
91 to have a different strength to the other shoulder reinforcement 92. This may
be achieved by different cord constructions and/or end counts for the winding or
by using different reinforcement material combinations, e.g. in one shoulder a
higher polyaramid content. Suitable tenacity ranges for the two shoulders are
48N-480N and 80N-800N.