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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0571204 22.08.1996
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0571204
Titel Fahrzeugluftreifen
Anmelder SP Reifenwerke GmbH, 63450 Hanau, DE
Erfinder Nau, Robert Berthold, W-6451 Hammersbach, DE;
Lowenhaupt, Bernd, W-6140 Bensheim 1, DE
Vertreter Manitz, Finsterwald & Partner, 80538 München
DE-Aktenzeichen 69303665
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 19.05.1993
EP-Aktenzeichen 933038978
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 24.11.1993
EP date of grant 17.07.1996
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 22.08.1996
IPC-Hauptklasse B60C 9/20
IPC-Nebenklasse B60C 9/22   

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates to a pneumatic vehicle tyre and in particular to the tread reinforcement of a radial tyre.

Such tyres have a carcass reinforcement ply and radially outside the carcass ply in the tread region a reinforcement breaker assembly. The breaker assembly comprises a breaker extending from one tyre shoulder to the other tyre shoulder and a bandage over said breaker. The bandage may be in the form of strips which overlap in a shingle-like manner in the shoulder regions.

A pneumatic vehicle tyre of this kind is, for example, known from EP-PS 0 258 822. There the strips are arranged with overlap in a shingle-like manner in both the tyre shoulder regions, whereby the layer formed by the strips in the two side regions of the tyre is reinforced in contrast to the centre of the tyre. In this way, the high speed running characteristics of the tyre are improved. It is, however, problematic in this respect because the increased material in the region of the two tyre shoulders, in contrast to the centre of the tyre, increases the flat-spot tendency of the tyre in an unfavourable manner.

From DE 39 17 735 A1 it is known to provide bandage strips in the shoulder regions of a pneumatic vehicle tyre of a material different from that used for bandage strips provided in the central region.

The object of the present invention is to improve such a pneumatic vehicle tyre with respect of its high speed running performance, with respect to its flat-spot behaviour and with respect to its wear behaviour and simultaneously to allow manufacture of the tyre at a more favourable cost.

According to the present invention a vehicle pneumatic tyre comprises a breaker and a bandage of reinforcement plies which extend substantially in the circumferential direction of the tyre wherein the bandage reinforcement plies consist of overlapping strips in the tyre shoulder regions, characterised in that a further middle bandage reinforcement ply of conventional type is provided between two bandage reinforcement plies and in that the strips of the reinforcement plies comprise a hybrid material consisting of polyaramid and polyamide and the middle reinforcement ply comprises polyamide.

Through the provision of a material combination of this kind in the jointless band reinforcement plies in the shoulder regions and the central conventional reinforcement ply, with the latter comprising a different material to the reinforcement plies material close to the shoulders, the differential loadings in the different tyre regions are taken into account. In this way, the high speed running performance can be improved.

Also in another embodiment the higher loaded tyre shoulder may be formed with a stronger reinforcement value material than the other shoulder reinforcement.

The tyre of the invention is moreover more cost favourable to manufacture than when using only one material including, for example, using a hybrid material.

Furthermore, it is possible through the material and winding combination of the invention to exercise an influence on the expansion of the tyre at higher speeds and thus to achieve an improvement in the aqua-planing behaviour, with the tyre centre growing more in the dynamic state than the shoulders. Through a suitable material combination of the material of the central reinforcement ply and the material of the reinforcement plies close to the shoulders, in particular by using in the shoulders a hybrid material of polyaramid and polyamide, the growth at the centre of the tyre can be so adjusted that centre wear is reduced despite improved aqua-planing characteristics, with the flat-spot behaviour being improved through the choice of the suitable material combination.

Further advantageous forms of the invention are set forth in the remaining claims.

The invention will now be explained, by way of example only, with reference to an embodiment and the drawings in which are shown:

  • Figure 1 is a cross-section through a pneumatic vehicle tyre in accordance with the invention; and
  • Figure 2 is a plan view of the bandage ply arrangement of the tyre of Figure 1.

In Figure 1 the profile of a pneumatic vehicle tyre is shown comprising sidewalls 1, 2 and a rubber tread region 3. The tyre body is reinforced by a non-illustrated carcass which extends from one bead 4 to the other bead 5 and is anchored around each bead.

The tread region 3 consists of a rubber tread strip 6 having a tread pattern 8 and a two-ply breaker reinforcement 7 arranged beneath the tread strip 6 extending over the full width of the tread pattern 8 and essentially parallel thereto.

Between the tread pattern 8 and the breaker 7 and essentially parallel thereto, there is provided a reinforcing ply bandage 9 which covers the breaker 7.

The bandage 9 comprises a first reinforcement ply region 91 close to on tyre shoulder, a second reinforcement ply 92 close to the other tyre shoulder and also a central reinforcement ply region 93. The central ply region 93 consists of a different material to the reinforcement ply regions 91,92. In particular, the reinforcement ply regions 91 or 92 comprise a winding of a single band of several cords lying alongside one another. The band is helically wound in such a way that the neighbouring windings 10,10' overlap in a shingle-like manner. The band of the reinforcing ply 91 is preferably wound, starting in the transition region from the tread strip 6 to the sidewall 1 essentially in the circumferential direction of the tyre, to the edge of the central reinforcement ply. The other reinforcement ply 92 is helically wound, starting at the other edge of the central reinforcement ply 93, essentially in the circumferential direction of the tyre to the outer tyre shoulder 12, i.e. to the junction region of the tread strip 6 and the sidewall 2.

Instead of using in each case a single helically wound band for the reinforcement close to the shoulders, it is possible to use circumferentially extending strips 10 which are separate from one another and are laterally displaced relative to one another so that the desired overlap results.

The width of the reinforcing ply regions 91 and 92 in each shoulder respectively amounts to approximately one quarter to one third of the tread width, whereas the width of the central reinforcement ply amounts to approximately one third to one half of the tread strip width. The central reinforcement ply 93 consists in this arrangement of a conventional bandage ply.

The two outer reinforcement plies 91,92 consist of a first material A, whereas the central reinforcement ply 93 consists of a second material B. The material combination comprises for A a hybrid cord of polyaramid and polyamide, and for B polyamide. In this way, the higher loaded tyre shoulders are reinforced by material of greater strength.

For the manufacture of a reinforcing ply arrangement of this kind, one can use a winding device provided with two winding heads which are equipped with the bands for the winding of the shoulders.

Another feature of the invention provides for one shoulder reinforcement 91 to have a different strength to the other shoulder reinforcement 92. This may be achieved by different cord constructions and/or end counts for the winding or by using different reinforcement material combinations, e.g. in one shoulder a higher polyaramid content. Suitable tenacity ranges for the two shoulders are 48N-480N and 80N-800N.


Anspruch[en]
  1. A vehicle pneumatic tyre comprising a breaker (7) and a bandage (9) of reinforcement plies (91,92) which extend substantially in the circumferential direction of the tyre wherein the bandage reinforcement plies (91,92) consist of overlapping strips in the tyre shoulder regions, characterised in that a further middle bandage reinforcement ply (93) of conventional type is provided between the two bandage reinforcement plies (91,92) and in that the strips (10,10') of the reinforcement plies (91,92) comprise a hybrid material consisting of polyaramid and polyamide and the middle reinforcement ply (93) comprises polyamide.
  2. A pneumatic vehicle tyre in accordance with claim 1 characterised in that the reinforcement plies (91,92) close to the shoulders have a higher strength than the middle reinforcement ply (93).
  3. A pneumatic tyre in accordance with claim 2 characterised in that one shoulder reinforcement ply (91) has a different strength from the other shoulder reinforcement ply (92).
  4. A pneumatic tyre according to claim 3 characterised in that the tenacities of one reinforcement (91) and the other reinforcement (92) are in the ranges of 48N-480N and 80N-800N respectively.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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