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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0617824 19.09.1996
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0617824
Titel SICHERHEITSSYSTEM MIT ARTSTEUERUNG VON SENSORPUNKTEN
Anmelder Honeywell Inc., Minneapolis, Minn., US
Erfinder STANLEY-ARSLANOK, Annette, M., Fountain Valley, CA 92708, US;
GREGORY, Ronald, B., Garden Grove, CA 92643, US;
WALTHER, Mark, R., Laguna Hills, CA 92562-3018, US;
WUNG, Chih-Shien, S., Brea, CA 92621, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69212843
Vertragsstaaten BE, DE, ES, FR, GB, IT, NL
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 18.12.1992
EP-Aktenzeichen 939027892
WO-Anmeldetag 18.12.1992
PCT-Aktenzeichen US9211258
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 9313508
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 08.07.1993
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 05.10.1994
EP date of grant 14.08.1996
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 19.09.1996
IPC-Hauptklasse G08B 25/14

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

This invention is directed to the field of home security systems, and more specifically relates to home security systems which monitor a number of access points into the home.

Home security systems generally monitor all access points, such as windows and doors, into a house. Figure 1 shows a typical floor plan of a house 10 having a security alarm system of the prior art. The security alarm system included control panel 31, user panels 30A and 30B which were connected to the control panel and sensors 25 which were also connected to the control panel (connections not shown). One typical sensor is shown in Figure 3. A typical block diagram is shown in Figure 2.

The floor plan indicates that house 10 has two primary spaces, rooms 11 and 12. In room 11, there are three doors 15A, B and C for entering and exiting the room. In room 12, there is door 15D and windows 20A, B and C. Rooms 11 and 12 are separated by door 15E.

The security system was set up so that one user panel was in each space and so that there was one sensor located at each door or window. The system was armed using the user panels. Typically, a sensor produced a first signal if the door or window was closed, and a second signal if the door or window was open. The control panel would receive these signals, and if the system were armed, would produce an alarm indication signal if the second signal was received.

In the past, a sensor was grouped with all sensors located within a single space. Note that in Figure 1, sensors located in room 11 were assigned to group 1, while sensors located in room 12 were assigned to group 2. To arm the system, an operator would enter an arm command at one of the two user panels. Generally, both groups of sensors could be armed from either user panel.

Still, it was occasionally desirable to arm some points in a space, without arming others. It was also desirable to assign a point to more than one group assigned to one and only one group, for arming purposes. Lastly, it was desirable to have the system provide an indication when only a selected group of points was opened.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The object of the present invention is defined by Claim 1. Thus the present invention is a security control panel and security system which logically groups sensors at access points as defined by an operator, not by geographic location. The control panel includes an operator means which receives inputs from the sensors and initiates an indication means if one of the sensors indicates that one of the access control points is in an open state. The control panel includes a grouping means, which groups sensors according to instructions entered by an operator. Each point may be included in one or more groups.

When the inventive control panel is included in a security alarm system, further enhancements are possible. One such enhancement is that alarms can be armed for some points within a space, while leaving others unarmed. A further enhancement is that an indication will be given only when a point in the selected armed group is opened.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING

Figure 1 is a plan view of an typical house protected by a prior art security alarm system.

Figure 2 is a block diagram of a prior art security system.

Figure 3 is a schematic diagram of an typical sensor of the prior art.

Figure 4 is a plan view of an typical house protected by the inventive security system.

Figure 5 is a chart showing the logical grouping of points within the house of Figure 4.

Figure 6 is a block diagram of the inventive control panel 31.

Figure 7 is a block diagram of a data entry panel of the inventive system.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Referring now to Figure 4, there shown is a typical house having the inventive security system and panel therein installed. Note that the house is identical to the house shown in Figure 1, and that from this view the security system is similar. However, none of the sensors 25 are noted as belonging to a particular group. The basic functions of the alarm system are similar to that described with reference to Figure 1.

Figure 6 depicts the fundamental difference between the present invention and security systems of the prior art. Figure 6 is a block diagram of the presently inventive control panel 31. The control panel includes memory 32, operations unit 33 grouping means 34 and input/output port 35.

Input/output port 35 is for translating the internal communications of the control panel into a form which can be understood by the user panels. The input/output port also translates the sensor signals and user panel signals into a form which can be used by the control panel.

Operations means 33 executes commands stored in memory 32 to control the operation of the security system. The operations means receives signals from the input/output port, operates on those signals based on the stored instructions, and then sends signals back through the input/output port for use by the rest of the system. As an example, if one sensor changed states by the closing of switch 303, a signal would be sent to the control panel to indicate the switch closure. The operations means would receive this information, and if the memory indicated that the particular sensor was in an armed state, the memory would tell the operations means would to initiate an alarm indication signal.

Grouping means 34 is in fact memory specifically existing for the purpose of logical grouping of sensors. The physical memory device used may be an EEPROM. The user enters groups of points, each group being associated with a Mode identifier. Groups of sensors may be combined in the present system so that the entry of the predefined modes will cause the arming and disarming of selected sensors.

Figure 5 shows one possible plan for the grouping of sensors in house 10. Mode A includes all sensors located within the house. It could arm all the points, for example, when the house is to be left vacant.

Mode B includes only Doors 1 and 2. It may be activated, for example, when the homeowner is not expecting any guests at the two armed doors, but wishes to be able to freely enter and exit the house and to leave windows open for fresh air.

Mode C shows all of the windows being armed along with Doors 2 and 3. This mode may be used where the swimming pool 100 is to be the center of some activity, and access through the house in a particular pattern is desired.

Conversely, mode D arms only Door 4. This could be used to prevent children from leaving the house to play in the pool area.

Mode E arms only the sensors associated with the four doors. This could be used for example at night when the house is occupied, but it is desirable to have the windows open for ventilation.

Lastly, Mode F is used for complete disarming of the system. This could be used when the house is occupied, access through any door is desirable and opening the windows is desirable.

Figure 7 shows a user panel 30 of the present invention. User panel 30 includes data entry means 40, operational controller 41, memory 42, indicator 43, and input/output port 44.

Data entry means 40, which may be a keyboard, allows the user to enter data and instructions into the system. The operational controller 41 in cooperation with memory 42 control the operation of the user panel and directs communications with the control panel along with the input/output port. Indicator 43 provides the user with indication relating to the operation of the security system, and may provide audible and visual indication of an alarm condition. The indicator may include a liquid crystal display and a sound generator.

The foregoing has been a description of a novel and non-obvious security control panel and system. The inventors do not intend this description to limit the scope of the invention, but instead define the invention through the claims appended hereto.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Zentrale Konsole für die Steuerung eines Sicherheitssystemes mit wenigstens zwei in einem Gebäude angeordneten Sensoren, welche ein Signal erzeugen, das die Position eines Zugangspunktes anzeigt, einer Betätigungseinrichtung (33), die Eingänge von den Sensoren empfängt und einen Ausgang aufgrund der Eingänge erzeugt, einer Anzeigeeinrichtung (43) zur Vorgabe einer Anzeige des Ausganges für die Bedienungsperson, einem an die Betätigungseinrichtung angeschlossenen Speicher (32), wobei der Speicher Befehle und Daten speichert, die von der Betätigungseinrichtung verwendet werden und die Konsole gekennzeichnet ist durch eine Gruppiereinrichtung (34), die an den Speicher und die Betätigungseinrichtung angeschlossen ist und in dem Speicher von der Bedienungsperson definierte Gruppen von Alarmsensoren speichert und mit solchen Gruppen betätigbar ist, wobei ein oder mehrere der Alarmsensoren sich in mehreren dieser Gruppen befinden können und wobei die Gruppiereinrichtung ferner die Befehle aufgrund der von der Bedienungsperson definierten Gruppen modifiziert.
  2. Konsole nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Gruppiereinrichtung zwei Gruppen von Alarmsensoren als durch die Bedienungsperson ausgewählt bildet.
  3. Sicherheits-Alarmsystem für den Schutz eines Gebäudes mit mehreren Zugangspunkten, aufweisend mehrere Sensoren (25), von denen wenigstens einer an jedem zu überwachenden Zugangs-Steuerpunkt angeordnet ist, wobei die mehreren Sensoren jeweils ein Signal erzeugen, das die Position des Zugangspunktes anzeigt, mit einer Anzeigeeinrichtung (43) zur Vorgabe einer Anzeige des Ausganges für die Bedienungsperson und einer Daten-Eingabeeinrichtung (40) für die Bedienungsperson, um Befehle in das System einzugeben, mit einer zentralen Konsole, die an jeden der mehreren Sensoren angeschlossen ist, wobei die Konsole eine Betätigungseinrichtung (33) umfaßt und die Betätigungseinrichtung Eingänge von den mehreren Sensoren empfängt und einen Ausgang aufgrund der Eingänge erzeugt, und die Konsole einen Speicher (32) aufweist, der an die Betätigungseinrichtung angeschlossen ist, wobei der Speicher Befehle und Daten speichert, die durch die Betätigungseinrichtung verwendet werden und das System gekennzeichnet ist durch eine Gruppiereinrichtung (34), die an den Speicher und die Betätigungseinrichtung angeschlossen ist und in dem Speicher von der Bedienungsperson definierte Gruppen von Alarmsensoren speichert und mit solchen Gruppen betätigbar ist, wobei ein oder mehrere der Alarmsensoren sich in mehreren dieser Gruppen befinden können und wobei die Gruppiereinrichtung ferner die Befehle aufgrund der von der Bedienungsperson definierten Gruppen modifiziert.
  4. System nach Anspruch 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Gruppiereinrichtung (34) erste und zweite Gruppen von Sensoren als durch die Bedienungsperson ausgewählt bildet.
  5. System nach Anspruch 3 oder 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Sensoren ein erstes Signal erzeugen, wenn der Zugangspunkt offen ist und andernfalls ein zweites Signal erzeugen.
  6. System nach irgendeinem der Ansprüche 3 bis 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Anzeigeeinrichtung nur aktiv ist, wenn wenigstens einer der mehreren Sensoren in der ausgewählten Gruppe das erste Signal erzeugt.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A security system central panel for control of a security system having at least two sensors located in a building which produce a signal indicative of the position of an access point, an operations means (33), to receive inputs from said sensors and to produce an output in response to said inputs, indication means (43) for providing the operator with an indication of said output, memory (32) connected to said operations means, said memory being for storing instructions and data used by said operations means,the panel characterised by grouping means (34) connected to said memory and said operations means, said grouping means storing in said memory operator defined groups of the alarm sensors and being operable with such groups whereby one or more of said alarm sensors may be in a plurality of said groups, said grouping means further modifying said instructions in response to said operator defined groups.
  2. A panel according to Claim 1, characterised in that said grouping means forms two groups of the alarm sensors as selected by the operator.
  3. A security alarm system for protection of a building having a plurality of access points, comprising a plurality of sensors (25), at least one of said plurality of sensors being located at each access control point to be monitored, said plurality of sensors each producing a signal indicative of the position of the access point, indication means (43) for providing the operator with an indication of said output and data entry means (40) for the operator to enter instructions in to the system, a security system central panel connected to each of said plurality of sensors, the panel comprising an operations means (33), said operation means receiving inputs from said plurality of sensors and producing an output in response to said inputs and the panel comprising memory (32) connected to said operations means, said memory being for storing instructions and data used by said operation means, the system characterised by grouping means (34) connected to said memory and said operations means, said grouping means storing in said memory operator defined groups of the alarm sensors and being operable with such groups whereby one or more of said alarm sensors may be in a plurality of said groups, said grouping means further modifying said instructions in response to said operator defined groups.
  4. A system according to Claim 3, characterised in that said grouping means (34) forms first and second groups of the sensors as selected by the operator.
  5. A system according to Claim 3 or 4 characterised in that said sensors produce a first signal if the access point is open and a second signal otherwise.
  6. A system according to any of Claims 3 to 5 characterised in that said indication means is active only when at least one of said plurality of sensors in said selected group produces said first signal.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Tableau central de système de sécurité destiné à la commande d'un système de sécurité comportant au moins deux détecteurs placés dans un bâtiment qui produisent un signal indicatif de la position d'un point d'accès, et un moyen fonctionnel (33) destiné à recevoir des entrées provenant desdits détecteurs et à produire une sortie en réponse auxdites entrées, un moyen d'indication (43) destiné à procurer à l'opérateur une indication de ladite sortie, une mémoire (32) reliée audit moyen fonctionnel, ladite mémoire étant destinée à mémoriser des instructions et des données utilisées par ledit moyen fonctionnel, le tableau étant caractérisé par un moyen de regroupement (34) relié à ladite mémoire et audit moyen fonctionnel, ledit moyen de regroupement sauvegardant dans ladite mémoire des groupes des détecteurs d'alarme définis par un opérateur et pouvant être mis en oeuvre avec de tels groupes, d'où il résulte qu'un ou plusieurs desdits détecteurs d'alarme peuvent se trouver dans une pluralité desdits groupes, ledit moyen de regroupement modifiant en outre lesdites instructions en réponse auxdits groupes définis par l'opérateur.
  2. Tableau selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que ledit moyen de regroupement forme deux groupes des détecteurs d'alarme tels que sélectionnés par l'utilisateur.
  3. Système d'alarme de sécurité destiné à la protection d'un bâtiment comportant une pluralité de points d'accès, comprenant une pluralité de détecteurs (25), au moins un détecteur parmi ladite pluralité de détecteurs étant placé à chaque point de contrôle d'accès à surveiller, ladite pluralité de détecteurs produisant chacun un signal indicatif de la position des points d'accès, un moyen d'indication (43) destiné à procurer à l'opérateur une indication de ladite sortie et un moyen d'entrée de données (40) destiné à l'entrée des instructions dans le système par l'opérateur, un tableau central de système de sécurité relié à chacun parmi ladite pluralité de détecteurs, le tableau comprenant un moyen fonctionnel (33), ledit moyen fonctionnel recevant des entrées provenant de ladite pluralité de détecteurs et produisant une sortie en réponse auxdites entrées et le tableau comprenant une mémoire (32) reliée audit moyen fonctionnel, ladite mémoire étant destinée à mémoriser des instructions et des données utilisées par ledit moyen fonctionnel, le système étant caractérisé par un moyen de regroupement (34) relié à ladite mémoire et audit moyen fonctionnel, ledit moyen de regroupement mémorisant dans ladite mémoire des groupes des détecteurs d'alarme définis par l'opérateur et pouvant être mis en oeuvre avec de tels groupes d'où il résulte qu'un ou plusieurs desdits détecteurs d'alarme peut se trouver dans une pluralité desdits groupes, ledit moyen de regroupement modifiant en outre lesdites instructions en réponse auxdits groupes définis par l'opérateur.
  4. Système selon la revendication 3, caractérisé en ce que ledit moyen de regroupement (34) forme des premier et second groupes de détecteurs tels que sélectionnés par l'opérateur.
  5. Système selon la revendication 3 ou la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce que lesdits détecteurs produisent un premier signal si le point d'accès est ouvert et un second signal dans les autres cas.
  6. Système selon l'une quelconque des revendications 3 à 5, caractérisé en ce que ledit moyen d'indication n'est actif que lorsqu'au moins l'un parmi ladite pluralité de détecteurs dans ledit groupe sélectionné produit ledit premier signal.






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G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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