PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0476502 06.03.1997
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0476502
Titel Gasisoliertes elektrisches Gerät
Anmelder Hitachi, Ltd., Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder Endo, Fumihiro, Hitachi-shi, JP;
Utsumi, Tomoaki, Hitachi-shi, JP;
Ishikawa, Toshio, Hitachi-shi, JP;
Iwaasa, Shuzo, Hitachi-shi, JP;
Yamagiwa, Tokio, Hitachi-shi, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69124321
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, SE
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 11.09.1991
EP-Aktenzeichen 911153732
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 25.03.1992
EP date of grant 22.01.1997
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 06.03.1997
IPC-Hauptklasse H02B 13/065

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a gas insulated electric apparatus, in which a high voltage conductor is disposed in a sealed vessel filled with insulating gas.

In general, this kind of gas insulated electric apparatuses can be constructed in a small size owing to excellent insulating characteristics of insulating gas as represented by a gas insulated circuit breaker, a gas insulated switchgear, a gas insulated thyristor valve, a gas insulated voltage transformer, etc. However, it is known that, if foreign metallic matter enters the sealed vessel for some reason, insulation strength thereof is lowered to one of several parts of the initial value.

For example, in a gas insulated electric apparatus disclosed in JP-A-63-124716, it is proposed to store insulating liquid at the bottom of a sealed vessel and to excite an ultrasonic vibrator, when insulation abnormalities such as partial discharge, etc. are produced, to give rise to mist (liquid particles of several µm to several tens of µm) of the insulating liquid in order to prevent lowering of insulation strength to suppress the partial discharge.

As described above, in a prior art gas insulated electric apparatus, since lowering of insulation strength is prevented by giving rise to mist of insulating liquid, when insulation abnormalities are produced, an insulating liquid storing portion is formed at the lower portion of a sealed vessel. For this reason, in a normal state, the sealed vessel is filled with vapor of the insulating vapor. If a circuit breaker or a disconnecting switch or an earthing switch are operated and arc is generated in this state, the vapor is decomposed by the arc and carbon dissociated at this time adheres to the high voltage conductor or insulator, which lowers the insulation strengths.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The object of the present invention is to provide a gas insulated electric apparatus, which can prevent lowering of the insulation strength in a normal state (state, in which there is neither mixing nor production of metallic foreign matter, etc. and there are no abnormalities in the insulation) and at the same time suppresses lowering of the insulation strength in an insulation abnormal state.

In order to achieve the above object, a gas insulated electric apparatus according to the present invention is characterized in that there are disposed detecting means for detecting a gas section, where insulation abnormalities are produced, and gas control means connected with the gas section through an electromagnetic valve; the gas control means opens the electromagnetic valve at detection by the detecting means described above to vary the insulating gas in the gas section stated above from a nominal state so as to increase the insulation strength.

Since the gas insulated electric apparatus according to the present invention is constructed as described above, in the normal state the insulation is maintained by the nominal state of the insulating gas in the gas section. On the other hand, when insulation abnormalities are produced in the gas section, the electromagnetic valve is opened and the gas control means is operated so as to increase the insulation strength either by increasing gas pressure in the gas section to a predetermined value or by mixing a different kind of gas therein. For this reason, ionization coefficient on electron attachment cross section is varied and space charge formed by partial discharge is also varied so that it is possible to prevent lowering of the insulation strength due to electric field concentration at the end of a metallic foreign particle or a protrusion causing insulation abnormalities. That is, in a non-uniform electric field, space charge generated by partial discharge exists locally at the electric field concentration part, which mitigates the electric field concentration (corona stabilizing action). This action is remarkable at pressures under 4 x 10&sup5; Pa and disappears over 6 x 10&sup5; Pa. Consequently, when the gas pressure is decreased under a predetermined value, the insulation strength is increased. Further, when a different kind of gas is mixed therein, since the capability of capturing electrons is increased and it becomes more difficult to obtain ionization energy, the insulation strength is increased.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • Fig. 1 is a block diagram indicating a first embodiment relating to the apparatus according to the present invention;
  • Fig. 2 is a graph indicating that flashover voltage is maximum in a mixed insulating gas at a particular mixing ratio;
  • Fig. 3 is a flow chart indicating the operation of the apparatus according to the present invention as indicated in Fig. 1;
  • Figs. 4 to 7 indicate the relation between the mixed insulating gas and the flashover voltage in the apparatus as indicated in Fig. 1;
  • Fig. 8 indicates the relation between times required until the insulating resisting forces decrease to certain identical values before and after an insulating gas injection;
  • Fig. 9 is a block diagram indicating a second embodiment relating to the apparatus according to the present invention; and
  • Fig. 10 indicates the relation between the insulating gas pressure and the flashover voltage in the apparatus as indicated in Fig. 9.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

Hereinbelow several embodiments of the present invention will be described, referring to the drawings.

Fig. 1 is a block diagram indicating a gas insulated electric apparatus according to the first embodiment of the present invention.

A sealed vessel, the interior of which is filled with insulating gas consisting of only SF&sub6; gas (mixed gases consisting of SF&sub6; and other insulating gases being not used in practice), is sectioned into a plurality of gas sections 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d by insulating spacers 4a, 4b, 4c disposed with suitable intervals. A high voltage conductor 2 serving as a path for high voltage and large current is supported by the insulating spacers 4a to 4c within this sealed vessel. In the sealed vessel there are disposed a closing valve 5a, 5b, 5c, 5d and an electromagnetic valve 8a, 8b, 8c, 8d for every gas section. The closing valve 5a to 5d are opened and closed manually and connected with a gas filling and evacuating device 7 effecting filling with insulating gas of SF&sub6; gas and evcuation in vacuum through pipings 6a and 6b. The gas filling and evacuating device 7 includes a vacuum pump, a compressor and a reserve tank. On the other hand, the electromagnetic valve 8a to 8d are connected with a storing reservoir 11 through a piping 10 and in the couse of the piping 10 an electromagnetic valve 9 and a monitor 12 measuring the amount of gas flowing-in. This storing reservoir 11 is filled with a kind of insulating gas different from the insulating gas filling the sealed vessel. The insulating gas filling the storing reservoir 11 can be poured in a predetermined gas section by opening both the aboved described electromagnetic valve 9 and either one of the electromagnetic valves 8a to 8d. Either one of fluorocarbon gases (C&sub4;F&sub8;, C&sub3;F&sub8;, C&sub3;F&sub6;, C&sub4;F&sub6;), pentafluoropropionyl fluoride (C&sub2;F&sub5;COF), carbon fluoride nitrile compounds (CF&sub3;CN, C&sub2;F&sub5;CN), bromoclorodifluoromethan F-12Bl (CBrClF&sub2;), etc. or a gas, whose main component is either one of them, is used prefrably for the insulating gas filling this storing reservoir 11.

Pressure relays 30a, 30b, 30c and 30d detecting the pressure of the insulating gas governing the interior of the gas sections 3a, 3b, 3c and 3d, respectively, are disposed therein and the outputs thereof are led to a pressure monitoring device 31 so that normal pressures or abnormal pressures are dispolayed on this pressure monitoring device 31 and an alarm is given at abnormalitiles. However, in the case where a nominal state of the insulating gas for a certain gas section, i.e. the filling condition in the nominal state, is varied (in the case where insulation abnormalities are produced and the gas pressure in that gas section should be lowered or a different kind of gas should be mixed therein) the pressure monitoring device 31 takes in a signal from a locating device 17 so as to remove the locking for the relevant gas section so that no alarm is given.

In predetermined gas sections 3a and 3d there are disposed sensors 13a and 13b, respectively which detect insulation abnormalities produced in the interior thereof. The outputs thereof are led out through cables 14a and 14b, respectively, and connected with an abnormality monitoring device 16 through a selection switch 15. That is, the outputs of the sensors 13a and 13b are inputted selectively or alternatively in the abnormality monitoring device 16 by means of the selector switch 15. The output of this abnormality monitoring device 16 is connected with the locating device 17 and a hindering degree diagnosing device 18, which diagnoses the kind and the degree of the abnormalities. The abnormalities includes e.g. metallic foreign matter, conductive foreign matter, semiconductive foreign matter, protrusions on a conductor, and extremely small gaps between a solid insulator and a conductor. The degree of the abnormalities includes, e.g. in the case of metallic foreign matter, a case where insulation strength decreases with increasing length thereof or a case where insulation strength varies, depending on the position, where the abnormalities exist. The locating device 17 calculates the position, where the abnormalities are produced, using the outputs of the sensors 13a and 13b, and recognizes the gas section including that position. The output thereof is inputted in a valve control device 20 and the output of the valve control device 20 is sent to a trip circuit 21 for opening and closing the corresponding electromagnetic values 8a to 8d and 9. At this time, the duration of the opening of the relevant electromagnetic valve is determined by comparing results of a diagnosis by the hindering degree diagnosing device 18 with a data base 19 determining the amount of insulating gas, which is to be injected from the storing reservoir 11 for increasing insulation strength, depending on the kind and the degree of the abnormalities. On the basis thereof, the valve control device 20 outputs an opening signal to a predetermined electromagnetic valve only during a predetermined time. Further the valve control device 20 watches the amount of inflow by means of the monitor 12 and gives the relevant electromagnetic valve a closing signal, when the amount of injected gas reaches a predetermined value.

The output of the valve control device 20 is inputted in a display device 22 so that this display device displays the gas section, where abnormalities are produced, the opened or closed state of the electromagnetic valves 8a to 8b, 9, the purity and the pressure of the insulating gas injected in the gas section, and insulation strength.

Next, the operation of the gas insulated electric apparatus indicated in Fig. 1 will be further explained, supposing that an insulation abnormality is produced in the gas section 3b.

This abnormality is detected by the sensors 13a and 13b and taken in the abnormality monitoring device 16. The abnormality monitoring device 16 is informed of the generation of the abnormality and issues an instruction to the locating device 17 to locate the position, where the abnormality is produced, using the signals outputted by the sensors 13a and 13b. In this way, the gas section 3b is located. The method of location will be described more in detail as follows. An abnormality source produces partial discharge and electromagnetic wave, heat, vibration of the tank, pulse voltage and current, light and decomposition gas are generated by this discharge. The location is done by utilizing at least one of these phenomena. For example, in the case where the electromagnetic wave is utilized, there are disposed at least two sensors and the calculation is effected, starting either from intensities of the signals detected by these sensors or from a difference between points of time, where the electromagnetic wave arrives. Consequently, the sensors 13a and 13b to the locating device 17 constitute detecting means for detecting the gas section, where an insulation abnormality is produced. On the basis of the result of the orientation, the valve control device 20 outputs an instruction to open the electromagnetic valve 8b and the electromagnetic valve 9 to the trip circuit 21. Further, at the same time the hindering degree diagnosing device 18 diagnoses the degree and the kind of the abnormality, based on the output signals of the sensors 13a and 13b and the valve control device 20 decides the amount of insulating gas to be injected by comparing it with the optimum amount of insulating gas to be injected stored in the data base 19. For example, when a metallic foreign matter 10 mm long enters a space comprised between coaxial cylindrical electrodes of 50/150 in diameter, filled with SF&sub6; of 5 x 10&sup5; Pa, AC flashover voltage is lowered to 100 kVrms and lighting impulse flashover voltage is lowered to 120 kV (When there is no foreign matter, the flashover voltage is higher than 600 kVrms for AC and 800 kV for lighting impulse voltages). When c-C&sub4;F&sub8; is mixed in SF&sub6;, as indicated in Fig. 2, the flashover voltage is maximum at a particular mixing ratio, which is about 7% for AC and about 5% for lightening impulse voltages. Consequently, when c-C&sub4;F&sub8; is mixed at 5 to 7%, the flashover voltage can be increased by 25% for AC and by 45% for lightening impulse voltages. If the mixing ratio is too great or too small, the effect is decreased, and therefore there exists a certain optimum mixing ratio. When the amount of injected gas reaches a predetermined value, while watching it by means of the monitor 12, the valve control device 20 gives the electromagnetic valves 8b and 9 an instruction to close them. Consequently it can be understood that gas control means 33 is constituted by several devices, the valve control device 20 described above serving as the center thereof.

Fig. 3 is a flow chart indicating the operation described above. The detecting means 32 watches insulation abnormalities and when an insulation abnormality is produced, it works to locate the gas section including the position where abnormality originates. On the other hand, the gas control means 33 obtains the amount of insulating gas to be injected, on the basis of the location as well as the degree and the kind of the abnormality, and effects opening and closing control of the electromagnetic valves 8a to 8b, 9, corresponding thereto.

After the injection of the insulating gas stored in the storing reservoir 11 as described previously, whatever insulating gas is used among those described previously, insulation strength can be obtained, which is higher than that obtained in the rated condition of the insulating gas in the gas section 3b, i.e. in the initial filling state. Hereinbelow further explanation will be made with this respect.

At first explanation will be made for the case where a fluorocarbon gas, i.e.freon C318 having a molecular formula C&sub4;F&sub8; is used for the insulating gas.

This freon C318 has a boiling point of -6°C and a vapor pressure of 1.2 x 10&sup5; Pa at 0°C. The amount, which can be mixed in SF&sub6; gas at a pressure of 5 x 10&sup5; Pa used generally in gas insulated electric apparatuses without being liquefied, is 18% at 0°C. As indicated in Fig. 4, the flashover voltage in a mixed gas, for which freon C318 is injected in SF&sub6; gas at 4%, is increased by more than 20% with respect to that obtained in pure SF&sub6; gas, when a rod having a diameter of 9.5 mm and a gap length of 30 mm-plane electrode is used. Detail of this experiment is reported in Gaseous Dielectrics III (1982) pp. 166-172.

When hexafluoropropylene having a molecular formula C&sub3;F&sub6; is used as a fluorocarbon gas for the insulating gas, this hexafluoropropylene has a boiling point of -29°C, a vapor pressure of 3.4 x 105 Pa at 0°C, and the amount, which can be mixed in SF&sub6; at 5 x 10&sup5; Pa without being liquefied, is greater than 50% at 0°C. As indicated in Fig. 5, the flashover voltage in a mixed gas, for which hexafluoropropylene is injected in SF&sub6; gas at 25%, is increased by more than 20% with respect to that obtained in pure SF&sub6; gas, when a spherical electrode having a protrusion 2.5 mm long is used. Detail of this experiment is reported in EPRIL Report EL-2620 pp. 4.42 - 4.55 (1982).

Further the breakdown electric field intensity is remarkably increased with respect to that obtained in pure SF&sub6; gas by varying the gas pressure and the mixing ratio, as indicated in Fig. 6. Detail of this experiment is reported in 4th ISH No. 33-02 (1983).

An effect similar to that obtained with the mixed gas can be obtained, also in the case where hexafluoro-2-butane having a molecular formula C&sub4;F&sub6; is mixed as the fluorocarbon gas in SF&sub6; gas.

Now, taking into account the case where pentafluoropropionyl fluoride having a molecular formula C&sub2;F&sub5;COF is used for the insulating gas, this gas has a boiling point lower than -20°C and a vapor pressure of 2.9 x 10&sup5; Pa at 0°C and it is possible to mix it in SF&sub6; gas up to a ratio near 50%.

Further, when pentafluoropionitrile having a molecular formula is used as one of the carbon fluoride nitrile compounds, this is a liquid having a boiling point lower than -20°C and a vapor pressure of 4.0 x 10&sup5; Pa at 0°C and it is possible to mix it in SF&sub6; gas at 5 x 10&sup5; Pa with a ratio greater than 50%. A mixed gas thereof in SF&sub6; gas can increase remarkably the flashover voltage with respect to that obtained in pure SF&sub6; gas, as indicated in Fig. 7. Detail of this experiment is described in JP-A-60-2011.

An effect almost similar to that obtained for the mixed gases described previously also in the case where a mixed gas, for which trifluoroacetonitrile having a molecular formula CF&sub3;CN or bromochlorodifluromethan having a molecular formula CBrClF&sub2; mixed in SF&sub6; gas, is used as one of the carbone fluoride nitrile compounds.

Characteristics of the various sorts of gases described above can be brought together as in a following table. MOLECULAR FORMULA BOILING POINT (°C) VAPOR PRESSURE AT 0°C (x10&sup5; Pa) RELATIVE INSULATION STRENGTH WITH RESPECT TO NITROGEN C&sub4;F&sub8; -6 1.2 2.9 C&sub3;F&sub8; -37 3.9 1.7 C&sub3;F&sub6; -29 3.4 2.3 C&sub4;F&sub6; 1.1 4.1 C&sub2;F&sub5;COF <-20 2.9 3.5 CF&sub3;CN <-20 14.8 3.1 C&sub2;F&sub5;CN <-20 4.0 4.0 CBrClF&sub2; -4 1.1 2.4 SF&sub6; <-20 13 2.2

The storing reservoir 11 may be filled with mixed gas of more than two sorts of the gases described above, at least one sort of the gases forming one component, or mixed gas of at least one sort of the gases with SF&sub6; gas. If insulation strength is improved to be higher than that of pure SF&sub6; gas under the condition of non-uniform electric field, then a similar effect can be obtained from an insulating gas other than that of the list as shown above.

As described above, since the insulating gas stored in the storing reservoir 11 indicated in Fig. 1 is mixed in SF&sub6; gas filling a gas section when insulation abnormalities are produced in the gas section, at the normal state the gas section is filled only with the predetermined SF&sub6; gas. Therefore it is not always exposed to arc generated, accompanied by the opening and closing operation of a disconnecting switch, an earth switch or a circuit breaker and no substances such as carbon harmful to insulation is generated by decomposition thereof or precipitated. When insulation abnormalities are produced and the insulating gas stored in the storing reservoir 11 is injected, since the insulating gas can increase the insulating resisting power by about 15 to 20%, the insulation abnormalities can be avoided. In this way maintenance and inspection of places, where insulation abnormalities are produced, can be postponed to be effected at a convenient time. For example, in the case where insulation abnormalities are produced by metallic foreign matter, since isolation strength V decreases with time t following the next equation;



V ∝ t-1/n (n ≒ 30) ;



insulating strength can be increased by 15 to 20% by injecting another kind of gas. Therefore, time required for lowering to the same isolation strength 1E is extended to a value about 100 times longer than time required when no other kind of gas is injected therein. Since the insulating substance injected from the storing reservoir 11 is gas, it pours easily also in a gas section connected through a slender pipe which is not shown, etc. When mist is produced as in a prior art case, it forms drops, which flow on the surface of insulating spacers and contaminate those parts. On the contrary, according to the present invention such inconveniences don't take place at all.

In the embodiments described above, since the insulating gas from the storing reservoir 11 is injected in a gas section, in which insulation abnormalities are produced, while the initial nominal pressure is kept as it is, the pressure after the injection becomes higher than the nominal pressure. However a similar effect can be achieved, even if the gas pressure is kept to be equal to the nominal pressure, while maintaining the mixing ratio constant. Further, in all the embodiments described above, insulation strength of gas mixture is increased by injecting a different kind of insulating gas in the relevant gas section. However insulation strength may be increased also by varying the gas pressure in the gas section, where insulation abnormalities are produced. This will be explained, referring to Fig. 9.

In the second embodiment as indicated in Fig. 9, the valve control device 20 receives pressure signals of the different gas sections from pressure relays 30a, 30b, 30c, 30d. The valve control device 20 supplies valve control signals to the trip circuit 21, responding to these pressure signals. The tip circuit 21 applies a signal to open the relevant valve to the electromagnetic valve 8b for the gas section 3b, in which insulation abnormalities are produced, responding to the valve control signal and at the same time supplies a drive starting signal to a starting device 40 to start the gas filling and evacuating device 7. The gas filling and evacuating device 7 started by the starting device 40 evacuates the insulating gas in the gas section 3b, in which insulating abnormalities are produced, through the closing valve 5b and the electromagnetic valve 8b of the gas section, until the gas pressure therein is lowered to a predetermined value. When the gas pressure in the gas section 3b is lowered up to the predetermined value, the pressure relay 30b detects the relevant gas pressure and inputs a detection signal in the valve control device 20. The valve control device 20 stops the gas filling and evacuating device 7 through the starting device 40 and closes the electromagnetic valve 8b and the closing valve 5b.

Fig. 10 indicates variations of the flashover voltage, when metallic foreign particles having diameter of 0.45 mm and length of 5 mm and 10 mm are fixed in a space between coaxial cylindrical electrodes having inner diameter of 100 mm and outer diameter of 250 mm and pressure of SF&sub6; gas is varied in a region between 1 and 6 x 10&sup5; Pa. Since usually SF&sub6; gas having a pressure higher than 5 x 10&sup5; Pa is used in a gas insulated electric apparatus, in the case where a 5 mm long metallic foreign particle is mixed therein, which gives rise to insulation abnormalities, the pressure is lowered to about 3 x 10&sup5; Pa, and in the case where a metallic foreign particle 10 mm long is mixed therein, the pressure is lowered to about 2 x 10&sup5; Pa, so that the flashover voltage can be raised to a value 1.4 to 2.3 time as high as the initial flashover voltage.

Further, taking into account that the present invention is applied to a gas insulated electric apparatus in practice, since generation of metallic foreign matter producing insulation abnormalities takes place in gas sections having a circuit breaker section, an earth switch section or a disconnecting switch section, it can be expected to obtain a similar effect, even if the apparatus is so constructed that the gas control means are disposed, restricted to gas sections including opening and closing sections. Furthermore, since molecular sieves adsorbing gases produced by decomposition by arc are disposed in such gas sections, it is preferable to choose insulating gases injected in these gas sections at insulation abnormalities, which have molecular diameters greater than pores in the molecular sieves (e.g. in a gas insulated apparatus, the molecular sieve having a pore diameter of substantially 0.4 nm is used commonly for absorbing water. In order to prevent an insulating gas from being absorbed into the molecular sieves, it is preferable to use an insulating gas having an effective diameter of greater than 0.4 nm, e.g., C&sub4;F&sub8;. In this way, the injected insulating gases are not adsorbed by the molecular sieves, the state, where insulation strength is increased, can be maintained for a long time.

Still further, instead of controlling the apparatus by using gas control means connected with gas sections through electromagnetic valves, it is possible also to vary the gas state in the gas sections, where insulation abnormalities are produced, by valve manipulation by an operator on the basis of an instruction from the detecting means detecting insulation abnormalities in the gas sections. Also by this method a similar effect can be expected. In addition, since no electromagnetic valves are used, the number of parts is decreased and thus an effect is obtained that reliability is increased. Further, since the vessel, in which gas to be injected, is not always necessarily connected with the apparatus, but it may be connected manually at needs, it can be used in common by a plurality of substations and thus another effect can be obtained that economical efficiency is increased.


Anspruch[en]
  1. A gas insulated electric apparatus having gas sections (3a - 3d) filled with insulating gas, comprising:

       detecting means (32) for detecting a gas section, where insulation abnormalities are produced; and

       gas control means (33) connected with the gas section through an electromagnetic valve (9);

       wherein said gas control means (33) opens said electromagnetic valve (9), responding to a detection signal by said detecting means (32) to vary the insulating gas in said gas section so as to increase insulation strength thereof with respect to that obtained in a rated state.
  2. A gas insulated electric apparatus according to Claim 1, wherein said gas control means (33) comprises a storing reservoir (11) filled with an insulating gas different from the insulating gas, with which said gas sections are filled, and when said insulating gas is mixed therein from said storing reservoir (11), the insulation strength is increased with respect to that of the insulating gas in a nominal state, said storing reservoir (11) being connected with said gas section through said electromagnetic valve (9).
  3. A gas insulated electric apparatus according to Claim 2, wherein the insulating gas stored in said storing reservoir (11) includes at least one of C&sub4;F&sub8;, C&sub3;F&sub8;, C&sub3;F&sub6;, C&sub4;F&sub6;, C&sub2;F&sub5;COF, CF&sub3;CN, C&sub2;F&sub5;CN and CBrClF&sub2;.
  4. A gas insulated electric apparatus according to Claim 1, wherein said gas control means (33) comprises a gas filling and evacuating device (7), which controls pressure of the insulating gas in said gas sections.
  5. A gas insualted electric apparatus having a plurality of gas sections (3a - 3d) filled with insulating gas, a switching section being disposed in at least one of these gas sections, comprising:

       detecting means (32) for detecting a gas section, where insulation abnormalities are produced; and

       gas control means (33) connected with the gas section including said switching section through an electromagnetic valve (9);

       wherein said gas control means (33) opens said electromagnetic valve (9), responding to a detection signal by said detecting means to vary the insulating gas in said gas section so as to increase insulation strength thereof with respect to that obtained in a rated state.
  6. A gas insulated electric apparatus having gas sections filled with insulating gas, comprising:

       detecting means (32) for detecting a gas section, where insulation abnormalities are produced; and

       gas control means (33) connected with the gas section;

       wherein said gas control means (33) is operated manually on the basis of a result of detection by said detecting means (32) to vary the insulating gas in said gas section so as to increase insulation strength thereof with respect to that obtained in a rated state.
  7. A gas insulated electric apparatus having a plurality of gas sections (3a - 3d) filled with insulating gas, comprising:

       sensor means (13a, 13b) disposed in each of at least two gas sections among said plurality of gas sections;

       locating means (17), which locates position of a gas section, in which insulation abnormalities are produced, on the basis of a detection signal from said sensor means;

       hindering degree diagnosing means (18), which diagnoses the degree and the kind of said insulation abnormalities, while comparing the detection signal from said sensor means with data stored in a data base;

       valve control means (20) for generating a valve control signal, responding to said locating means and said hindering degree diagnosing means;

       trip circuit means (21), which generates a valve opening signal for opening an electromagnetic valve disposed in a gas section, in which insulation abnormalities are produced, responding to the valve control signal from said valve control means;

       insulating gas filling means (7), which injects an insulating gas different from the insulating gas, with which the gas sections are filled beforehand, in the gas section, for which said electromagnetic valve opened by the valve opening signal from said trip circuit means is disposed; and

       gas monitoring means (12), which makes said valve control means generate a signal to close said electromagnetic valve, when the optimum amount of insulating gas is injected from said insulating gas injecting means in said gas section.
  8. A gas insulated electric apparatus having a plurality of gas sections (3a - 3d) filled with insulating gas, comprising:

       sensor means (13a, 13b) disposed in each of at least two gas sections among said plurality of gas sections;

       locating means (17), which orientates position of a gas section, in which insulation abnormalities are produced, on the basis of a detection signal from said sensor means;

       hindering degree diagnosing means (18), which diagnoses the degree and the kind of said insulation abnormalities, while comparing the detection signal from said sensor means with data stored in a data base;

       valve control means (20) for generating a valve control signal, responding to said position orientating means and said hindering degree diagnosing means;

       trip circuit means (21), which generates a valve opening signal for opening an electromagnetic valve disposed in a gas section, in which insulation abnormalities are produced, responding to the valve control signal from said valve control means;

       insulating gas evacuating means (7), which evacuates insulating gas, with which the gas sections are filled beforehand, from the gas section, for which said electromagnetic valve opened by the valve opening signal from said trip circuit means is disposed; and

       gas monitoring means (12), which makes said valve control means generate a signal to close said electromagnetic valve, when the optimum amount of insulating gas is injected from said insulating gas injecting means in said gas section.






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