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Rückschlagklappe und -sitz - Dokument EP0760418
 
PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0760418 10.04.1997
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0760418
Titel Rückschlagklappe und -sitz
Anmelder FMC Corp., Philadelphia, Pa., US
Erfinder Wilson, Michael E., Jr., Spring, Texas 77379, US;
Bates, Roy C., Crosby, Texas 77532, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten BE, DE, FR, GB, IT, NL
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 26.08.1996
EP-Aktenzeichen 962023750
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 05.03.1997
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 10.04.1997
IPC-Hauptklasse E21B 34/06
IPC-Nebenklasse F16K 15/03   

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates generally to fluid handling systems and, more specifically, to check valves designed for use in isolating various components in a well or pumping assembly by preventing back flow to such assemblies in situations where there is a drop or reversal in regular flow pressure.

Check valves are used in a variety of applications in which it is desirable to provide means for preventing back flow when there is a drop or reversal in regular flow pressure. Check valves are used in fluid handling assemblies where it is desirable to trap back flow to prevent damage upstream or to stop back flow when regular flow is stopped in order to replace or service upstream components.

Typical check valves comprise two interfitting housing components with ends adapted to fit into a flow line. A hatch or flapper is positioned within the housing assembly to move into and out of a stop flow position in response to a drop in regular flow pressure in order to prevent back flow. The flapper is typically hinged to the valve body or housing assembly and positioned so that gravity or a spring bias will close the flapper over the flow path in the absence of regular flow pressure that is sufficient to overcome the spring bias or gravity force of the flapper.

Typical check valve assemblies include a seat assembly positioned in the valve housing in sealing contact therewith and encircling the flow path. The seat assembly provides a sealing surface around the flow path that co-operates with the flapper to form a closed seal around the flow path when the flapper is in the closed or stop flow position. The typical seat sealing surface is either vertically aligned or angled upward such that if the flapper is gravity activated, the hinge is positioned at the top of the sealing surface such that the flapper swings down and contacts the sealing surface prior to reaching a fully hanging position. It is important that in the event of a pressure drop that the flapper forms an effective seal at low pressure. Even a minimal amount of back flow or leakage can introduce elements or present a condition that will result in erosion of the seat or flapper sealing surfaces, potentially leading to failure of the seal and the check valve.

In check valves where the seat sealing surface is vertically oriented, a torsion spring is generally required to provide sufficient sealing force between the flapper and the seat. Since a free-hanging hinged flapper will rest in a vertical position, a torsion spring is required to provide additional rotational force which will bias the flapper in the horizontal direction against a vertical seat. In check valves having flappers designed to engage seats under only gravitational force, the seat sealing surface is angled upward causing the flapper to contact the seat prior to the free-hanging vertical position so that the flapper weight causes a resultant force component to be directed against the seat.

Free-hanging flappers are advantageous in that by eliminating the torsion spring, the force from the regular flow pressure needed to overcome the flapper is minimized and thus the flapper swings out of the way of the flow with less resistance thereby minimizing erosion of the flapper and sealing surface caused by being in the flow path. Also, the potential for spring failure due to fatigue or wear is eliminated.

Typical check valves require a hinge-pin assembly that is fixed relative to the inside of the valve housing. The hinge-pin assembly usually includes a pin having one or more fastening means extending through or into the housing, requiring additional structural and sealing components. Such construction requires the components for the seat assembly, the flapper and hinge assembly, and the flapper spring to be numerous, complex, and expensive. Replacement and field servicing for such check valve assemblies is expensive, time consuming and difficult. In addition, there are more components subject to erosion and wear.

US 2454072, US 3144876 and US 4128111 disclose check valves in which the flapper hinge pin is mounted to the seat. The pin mountings are either formed separately, leading to the foregoing disadvantages of numerous and complex components, or are integrally formed as lugs extending from the seat, making the seat difficult and expensive to form by casting, forging or machining.

It is therefore an object of the present invention to overcome the shortcomings mentioned above and to provide a simple, durable and reliable check valve that requires few components and is efficient to machine, assemble and service.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention is directed to a seat and flapper assembly for use in a check valve, as defined in claim 1, and also to a check valve incorporating such an assembly.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • FIG.1 is a partial sectional view of a check valve embodying the invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the check valve of FIG.1.
  • FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the flapper, seat and hinge assembly embodying the present invention as used in the check valve of FIG.1.
  • FIG.4 is a front view of the assembly of FIG.3.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

A check valve assembly according to the present invention (10) is shown generally in FIGS.1 and 2. The assembly (10) comprises two interfitting housing portions (12,14) each having an outside end (16,18) adapted to be fitted into the flow path of a conventional flow line (not shown). The outside ends (16,18) may include threads (20), as shown in FIG.1, or other known means for sealing attachment to a flow line. Each housing portion (12,14) has an inside end (24, 26) adapted to interfit with the other in sealing relation thereby forming a closed flow path (28) therethrough. The inside ends (24,26) may be fitted with threads (30,32) as shown in FIG.1 or other known means for interfitting. The embodiment of FIG.1 shows a first housing portion inside end (24) received inside a second housing portion end (26). A unitary seat and flapper mounting component (34), having a generally ring-shaped configuration, is positioned internally between the housing portions (12,14) and around the flow path (28). The seat component (34) is machined with flapper-mounting means (36,38) from a single piece of material. The base (40) of the seat component (34) has a flat profile that seats against the second housing portion (14) and a planar top surface (42) that is arranged to form an upwardly angled plane when positioned in the check valve housing portions (12,14). The flapper-mounting means (36,38) are formed integrally on the seat component (34) at a location at the upper portion of the planar top surface (42) such that a flapper or lid (44) can be suspended therefrom to hang over the flow path (28). A hinge-pin (46) attaches the flapper (44) to the flapper-mounting means (36,38) through hinge arms (48, 50) provided near the outer edge of the flapper (44). The flapper-mounting means (36,38) comprise a cut-out portion (36) in an annular lip (43) surrounding the planar top surface (42) and resulting extensions (38) formed by the lip, that receive the hinge-pin (46) through pin access clearances (52) on the side of the extensions (38) opposite the cut-out portion (36) and pin holes (53) through the extensions (38).

The assembly of the seat component (34), the flapper (44) and the hinge pin (46) is positioned with the closed structure formed by the interfitting housing portions (12, 14). The seat component (34) is oriented and held in place by an alignment pin (54) received in a semi-circular profiled hole (56,58) in each of the downstream housing portion (12) and the seat component (34), respectively. Suitable seals such as o-rings (60, 62) are provided to seal the flow path (28) inside the check valve assembly (10). A base support (64) can be provided to support the check valve assembly (10).

In operation, regular fluid flow passes through the check valve assembly (10) in the direction indicated by the flow path line (28) in FIGS. 1-2. The pressure of the fluid flow causes the flapper (44) to swing about the hinge-pin (46) upwardly, enabling fluid to flow through. Though it is not required, it is desirable to provide for the flapper (44) to swing through a range of approximately ninety degrees or less. An optimum angle for the planar top surface (42), measured from the vertical, is approximately ten degrees.

In the event that upstream pressure is decreased, removed or reversed, the flapper (44) will move into the closed position as shown in FIG.2 under the force of gravity, thereby forming a seal with the planar top surface (42). It is understood that the present invention can be practiced with the use of a conventional torsion spring (not shown) or similar means at the hinge to provide additional sealing or flapper-closing force. The portion of the flapper (42) that contacts the planar top surface (42) can be provided with an elastomer or other preferred seal face material.

Assembly of the check valve means is provided as follows. The o-ring seals (60,62) and other seal means are lubricated and installed to the seat component (34) for insertion into the housing (12,14) therewith. The flapper hinge arms (48,50) are aligned between the seat component extensions (38) so that the hinge-pin (46) can pass through and freely rotate. The alignment pin (54) is inserted into the semi-circular hole (58) of the seat component(34). The above mentioned assembly is inserted into the cavity of the body housing (12) and aligned so that the alignment pin (54) is received in the semi-circular hole (56) therein. Additional seals and lubricants as desired are added to the seat component to interface with the other body housing (14). The upstream body housing (14) is then attached to the downstream housing (12) to enclose the seat component (34) and flapper (44) assembly therein. Set screws and other conventional fastening means can be used to attached the body housings. The entire assembly can then be fixed to a base support (64).

It is understood that the embodiment disclosed herein is the best mode of a variety of embodiments that encompass the scope of the present invention. Accordingly, it is understood that there may be some variations without departing from the scope of the presently claimed invention.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Sitz- und Klappen-Anordnung zur Verwendung in einem Rückschlagventil (10), welches ein Gehäuse (12, 14) mit einer Seite stromaufwärts und einer Seite stromabwärts aufweist, wobei das Rückschlagventil (10) angepasst ist, um einen Rückfluss in einer Flussbahn (28) zu verhindern, wenn der Druck des regulären Flusses stromaufwärts auf einen vorbestimmten Pegel abfällt, wobei die Anordnung umfasst:
    • ein im Allgemeinen ringförmiges Sitz-Element (34), welches einen Durchgang dort hindurch aufweist, und das innerhalb des Gehäuses so positioniert ist, dass der Durchgang einen Teil der Flussbahn (28) ausbildet, wobei das Sitz-Element (34) aus einem einheitlichen Materialstück ausgebildet ist und eine flache Basisoberfläche (40) aufweist, die in dem Gehäuse (12, 14) positioniert ist mit der flachen Basisoberfläche (40) stromaufwärts zeigend, eine nach oben angewinkelte planare obere Abdichtoberfläche (42) und Verbindungsmittel (36, 38), die an der oberen planaren Oberfläche ausgeformt sind, zum Verbinden eines bewegbaren Klappendeckels (44) an dem Sitz-Element (34);
    wobei der Klappendeckel (44) eine Deckelabdichtoberfläche aufweist, die angepasst ist, um in abdichtender Weise mit der oberen Abdichtoberfläche (42) des Sitz-Elements (34) einzugreifen, um den Rückfluss zu stoppen, wenn der reguläre Strömungsdruck von stromaufwärts auf einen vorbestimmten Pegel abfällt, wodurch der Klappendeckel (44) veranlasst wird, in der geschlossenen Position zu verbleiben, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    • das Sitz-Element (34) eine flache obere Oberfläche (41) aufweist, parallel zu der flachen Basisoberfläche (40) und eine Bohrung, welche sich in der oberen Oberfläche (41) zu der Basisoberfläche (40) erstreckt, wobei die Bohrung eine ringförmige Lippe (43) definiert, welche den Flussdurchgang (28) umgibt, und einen Rücksprung, in welchem die nach oben angewinkelte planare obere Abdichtoberfläche (42) sich befindet;
    wobei das Sitz-Element weiter aufweist, ein ausgeschnittenes Segment (36), das in der Lippe (43) ausgebildet ist, welches zwei Fortsätze (38) definiert, die axial von der oberen Abdichtoberfläche (42) vorstehen und ein transversales Loch (53) in jedem Vorsatz, durch welches ein Gelenkstift (46) aufgenommen ist, um den Klappendeckel (44) mit dem Sitz-Element (34) zu verbinden.
  2. Sitz- und Klappen-Anordnung gemäß Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die nach oben gewinkelte planare obere Abdichtoberfläche (42) entlang einer nach oben zeigenden Ebene orientiert ist, die etwa 10° aus einer vertikalen Ebene heraus orientiert ist.
  3. Sitz- und Klappen-Anordnung gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Sitz-Element (34) und der Klappendeckel (44) so zusammen gebaut sind, dass sie entfernt werden können von oder eingebaut in die Rückschlagventil-Anordnung (10) gemeinsam als einzelne Einheit.
  4. Sitz- und Klappen-Anordnung gemäß irgendeinem vorrangegangenen Anspruch, weiter gekennzeichnet durch Ausrichtmittel (54, 56, 58) zur Winkelorientierung des Sitz-Elements (34) um die Flussbahn (28) herum in dem Gehäuse (12, 14).
  5. Sitz- und Klappen-Anordnung gemäß Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Ausrichtmittel einen Stift (54) aufweisen.
  6. Sitz- und Klappen-Anordnung gemäß irgendeinem der vorrangegangenen Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Klappendeckel (44) an dem Sitz-Element (34) so angebracht ist, dass der Klappendeckel (44) angepasst ist, um eine Achse zu schwenken, die senkrecht zur allgemeinen Richtung der Flussbahn (28) ist.
  7. Ein Rückschlagventil (10), welches ein Gehäuse aufweist, das darin einen Sitz- und Klappen-Anordnung aufweist, wie sie in irgendeinem der vorrangegangenen Ansprüche definiert ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Gehäuse besteht aus:
    • einem Körperelement (14) stromaufwärts von allgemein zylindrischer Form, welches eine Öffnung (18) stromaufwärts an der stromaufwärts liegenden Seite aufweist, angepasst um mit einer Strömungsleitung abdichtend in Eingriff zu sein, und welches einen zusammenpassenden Abschnitt (26) aufweist mit einer Öffnung an der stromabwärts liegenden Seite;
    • einem Körperelement (12) stromabwärts von allgemein zylindrischer Form, welches eine Öffnung (16) stromabwärts an der stromabwärts liegenden Seite aufweist, angepasst um mit einer Strömungsleitung abdichtend in Eingriff zu sein, und welches einen zusammenpassenden Abschnitt (24) aufweist mit einer Öffnung an der stromaufwärts liegenden Seite, wobei die Körperelemente stromaufwärts (14) und stromabwärts (12) an den zusammenpassenden Abschnitten (24, 26) jeweils in abdichtendem Eingriff verbunden sind;
    wobei das Gehäuse (12, 14) einen Teil der Flussbahn (28) bildet.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A seat and flapper assembly for use in a check valve (10) having a housing (12, 14) with an upstream side and a downstream side, wherein said check valve (10) is adapted to prevent back flow in a flow path (28) when upstream regular flow pressure drops to a predetermined level, said assembly comprising:
    • a generally ring-shaped seating member (34) having a passage therethrough and positioned within said housing such that said passage forms part of said flow path (28), said seating member (34) formed from a unitary piece of material and comprising a flat base surface (40) positioned in said housing (12, 14) with said flat base surface (40) facing upstream, an upward-angled planar top sealing surface (42) and connector means (36, 38) formed on said top planar surface for connecting a moveable flapper lid (44) to said seating member (34);
    • said flapper lid (44) comprising a flapper sealing surface adapted to sealingly engage the top sealing surface (42) of the seating member (34) to stop back flow when said regular flow pressure from upstream drops to a predetermined level causing the flapper lid (44) to rest in the closed position, characterised in that:
      • the seating member (34) comprises a flat top surface (41) parallel to said flat base surface (40) and a bore extending into said top surface (41) towards said base surface (40), said bore defining an annular lip (43) surrounding said flow passage (28) and a recess in which the upward-angled planar top sealing surface (42) is situated;
      • said seating member further comprising a cut-out segment (36) formed in said lip (43) which defines two extensions (38) projecting axially from the top sealing surface (42) and a transverse hole (53) in each extension through which a hinge pin (46) is received to connect said flapper lid (44) to said seating member (34).
  2. The seat and flapper assembly according to claim 1, characterised in that the upwardly-angled planar top sealing surface (42) is oriented along an upward-facing plane oriented approximately ten degrees from a vertical plane.
  3. A seat and flapper assembly according to claim 1 or 2, characterised in that said seating member (34) and said flapper lid (44) are assembled such that they can be removed from or installed into said check valve assembly (10) together as a single unit
  4. A seat and flapper assembly according to any preceding claim, further characterised by alignment means (54, 56, 58) for angularly orienting said seating member (34) about said flow path (28) in said housing (12, 14).
  5. The seat and flapper assembly according to claim 4, characterised in that said alignment means comprise a pin (54).
  6. A seat and flapper assembly according to any preceding claim, characterised in that said flapper lid (44) is mounted to said seat member (34) such that said flapper lid (44) is adapted to pivot about an axis that is perpendicular to the general direction of said flow path (28).
  7. A check valve (10) having a housing comprising therein a seat and flapper assembly as defined in any preceding claim, characterised in that the housing comprises:
    • an upstream body member (14) of a generally cylindrical shape having an upstream opening (18) at an upstream side adapted to sealingly engage a flow line, and having a mating portion (26) with an opening at a downstream side;
    • a downstream body member (12) of a generally cylindrical shape having a downstream opening (16) at a downstream side adapted to sealingly engage a flow line, and having a mating portion (24) with an opening at an upstream side, whereby said upstream (14) and said downstream (12) body members are joined at said mating portions (24, 26), respectively, in sealing engagement;
    • said housing (12, 14) forming part of said flow path (28).
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Ensemble de siège et d'obturateur destiné à être utilisé dans un clapet anti-retour (10) possédant un boîtier (12, 14) ayant un côté amont et un côté aval, dans lequel ledit clapet anti-retour (10) est conçu pour empêcher le reflux dans une voie de passage (28) lorsque la pression régulière amont du flux tombe jusqu'à un niveau prédéterminé, ledit ensemble comprenant :
    • un élément de siège (34) généralement de forme annulaire possédant un passage qui le traverse et placé à l'intérieur dudit boîtier de telle façon que ledit passage fait partie de ladite voie de passage (28), ledit élément de siège (34) étant formé à partir d'une seule pièce de matériau et comprenant une surface de base plate (40) placée dans ledit boîtier (12, 14), ladite surface de base plate (40) faisant face vers l'amont, une surface plane supérieure d'étanchéité à angle ascendant (42) et des moyens de raccordement (36, 38) étant formés sur ladite surface plane supérieure permettant de raccorder un couvercle amovible d'obturateur (44) au dit élément de siège (34) ;
    • ledit couvercle d'obturateur (44) comprenant une surface d'étanchéité d'obturateur conçue pour s'engager, de manière étanche, sur la surface supérieure d'étanchéité (42) de l'élément de siège (34) pour arrêter le reflux lorsque ladite pression régulière amont du flux tombe jusqu'à un niveau prédéterminé ce qui provoque la tombée du couvercle d'obturateur (44) pour qu'il repose en position fermée, caractérisé en ce que :
      • l'élément de siège (34) comprend une surface supérieure plate (41) parallèle à ladite surface de base plate (40) et un alésage qui s'étend dans ladite surface supérieure (41) en direction de ladite surface de base (40), ledit alésage définissant une lèvre annulaire (43) entourant ladite voie de passage (28) et un évidement dans lequel la surface plane supérieure d'étanchéité à angle ascendant (42) est située ;
      • ledit élément de siège comprenant en outre un segment découpé (36) formé dans ladite lèvre (43) qui définit deux extensions (38) qui font saillie axialement à partir de la surface supérieure d'étanchéité (42) et un trou transversal (53) dans chaque extension à travers lequel une broche d'articulation (46) est reçue pour raccorder ledit couvercle d'obturateur (44) au dit élément de siège (34).
  2. Ensemble de siège et d'obturateur selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que la surface supérieure d'étanchéité plane à angle ascendant (42) est orientée le long d'un plan ascendant orienté suivant environ dix degrés par rapport à un plan vertical.
  3. Ensemble de siège et d'obturateur selon la revendication 1 ou 2, caractérisé en ce que ledit élément de siège (34) et ledit couvercle d'obturateur (44) sont assemblés de telle sorte qu'ils peuvent être retirés de ou installés sur ledit ensemble de clapet anti-retour (10) en tant qu'une seule pièce.
  4. Ensemble de siège et d'obturateur selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en outre par des moyens d'alignement (54, 56, 58) permettant d'orienter au plan angulaire ledit élément de siège (34) autour de ladite voie de passage (28) dans ledit boîtier (12, 14).
  5. Ensemble de siège et d'obturateur selon la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce que lesdits moyens d'alignement comprennent une broche (54).
  6. Ensemble de siège et d'obturateur selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que ledit couvercle d'obturateur (44) est monté sur ledit élément de siège (34) de telle sorte que ledit couvercle d'obturateur (44) est conçu pour pivoter autour d'un axe qui est perpendiculaire à la direction générale de ladite voie de passage (28).
  7. Clapet anti-retour (10) possédant un boîtier (12, 14) comprenant, à l'intérieur, un ensemble de siège et d'obturateur tel que défini dans l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que le boîtier consiste en :
    • un élément de corps amont (14) de forme généralement cylindrique ayant une ouverture amont (18) sur un côté amont conçue pour s'engager, de manière étanche, sur une ligne d'écoulement, et ayant une partie correspondante (26) ayant une ouverture sur un côté aval ;
    • un élément de corps aval (12) de forme généralement cylindrique ayant une ouverture aval (16) sur un côté aval conçue pour s'engager, de manière étanche, sur une ligne d'écoulement, et possédant une partie correspondante (24) ayant une ouverture sur un côté amont, grâce à quoi lesdits éléments de corps amont (14) et aval (12) sont couplés aux dites parties correspondantes (24, 26) respectivement, en un engagement étanche ;
    • ledit boîtier (12, 14) faisant partie intégrante de ladite voie de passage (28).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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