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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0770575 05.06.1997
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0770575
Titel Hochdruckreiniger mit Schlauchhaspel
Anmelder KEW Industri A/S, Hadsund, DK
Erfinder Christiansen, Keld, DK-8900 Randers, DK
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, IT, LI, NL, SE
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 30.10.1995
EP-Aktenzeichen 951170596
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 02.05.1997
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 05.06.1997
IPC-Hauptklasse B68B 1/00
IPC-Nebenklasse B08B 3/02   

Beschreibung[en]
TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to a high-pressure cleaner of the type set forth in the preamble of claim 1.

BACKGROUND ART

Various high-pressure cleaners of the type referred to above are known. Thus, the international patent publication No. WO 93/09886, upon which the preamble of claim 1 is based, discloses a high-pressure cleaner of the mobile, wheel-supported type, having means for storing the high-pressure hose when not in use. These means are constituted by two mutually opposing "hose hooks", between which the hose after having been coiled is placed and held in a figure-of-eight configuration. This arrangement does, however, suffer from the disadvantage that the hose has to be coiled by hand by the user. Apart from the obvious inconvenience to the user, this arrangement increases the risk of the hose being kinked and/or twisted during the coiling, contributing to reducing the effective life of the hose.

DE-A1-3,940,543 discloses a high-pressure cleaner of the type comprising a trolley with a chassis with wheels and steering handle, in which the motor-pump unit is placed in the centre of a drum, on which the low-pressure supply hose and possibly the power supply cable may be stored. The high-pressure hose itself is coiled by hand by the user and is hung on a hose hook placed on the side of the chassis. This high-pressure cleaner is adapted for use in locations at long distances from the supply sources (water and electricity), thus presenting a need for a long low-pressure supply hose and a long power cable, that may be unwound at the same time as the user pushes the trolley towards the work site. Thus, with this arrangement no consideration has been given to a safe handling of the high-pressure hose, the latter partly being subjected to kinking and twisting due to the manual coiling, partly is stored in an unprotected state, even when the trolley is moved away from the work site, thus increasing the risk of the hose being subjected to external harmful physical or chemical influences, e.g. if it falls off the hose hook during the movement of the trolley. A further disadvantage is that the user, when winding and unwinding the low-pressure hose, has to turn both the drum and the built-in motor-pump unit, thus calling upon a great effort from the user.

US-A-4,967,960 discloses a high-pressure cleaner that comprises an open frame in which the motor-pump unit and all its other functional elements such as hose reels are placed unprotected.

DE-A-4,237,356 discloses a high-pressure cleaner of the stationary type which does not comprise a motor-pump unit since it is connected to an external supply of pressurized water, and it comprises a hose accumulator placed in a housing.

US-A-5029758 discloses an autonomous portable car washing system having an internal combustion engine, a pressure pump and a hose accumulator enclosed in a housing.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION

It is the object of the present invention to provide a high-pressure cleaner of the kind referred to initially, with which it is possible to avoid the drawbacks in the previously known high-pressure cleaners referred to above, and this object is achieved with a high-pressure cleaner, according to the invention additionally exhibiting the features set forth in the characterizing clause of claim 1.

With this arrangement, the high-pressure hose will be protected against external harmful influences when not in use, and at the same time, the necessity of coiling the hose by hand and placing it on more or less unsightly hooks has been eliminated.

With the embodiment set forth in claim 2, the forces acting upon the high-pressure cleaner in connection with the paying-out or hauling-in of the high-pressure hose will act upon the cleaner at a relatively low level, thus reducing the risk of toppling a high-pressure cleaner standing in the upright position.

The embodiment set forth in claim 3 ensures that especially the hauling-in of the hose takes place uniformly and with little risk of the hose being kinked or twisted.

Claim 4 relates to an advantageous practical embodiment of the hose accumulator, a further development of which is set forth in claim 5.

The embodiment set forth in claim 6 makes it possible to control the winding and unwinding of the high-pressure hose with high accuracy.

Additional advantageous embodiments of the high-pressure cleaner according to the present invention, the effects of which are explained in the following detailed part of the present description, are set forth in claims 7 and 8.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

In the following detailed portion of the present description, the invention will be explained in more detail with reference to the exemplary embodiments of a high-pressure cleaner according to the invention shown in the drawings, in which

  • Figure 1 in a simplified manner and partly cut open shows the most important components of the high-pressure cleaner together with associated equipment, and
  • Figure 2 diagrammatically shows a further embodiment of the placing of the hose accumulator.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

The high-pressure cleaner 1 in Figure 1 being shown in a simplified and diagrammatic form and partly cut open, comprises the following main components:

  • a motor 2, together with a pump 3 constituting the motor-pump unit of the high-pressure cleaner,
  • a housing 4,
  • a handle 5 and wheels 6 to make it easier to move the high-pressure cleaner 1, and
  • a hose accumulator 7.

The motor 2, in the embodiment shown being electrically driven, is supplied with electric power from an ordinary electric power source 11a not shown in detail via a power cable 11, the latter extending directly or indirectly through the wall of the housing 4 by means of a simple lead-through or junction box 11b.

Further, the motor 2 is mechanically connected to the pump 3, that may be of any commonly used type, e.g. an axial-piston pump, on the suction side supplied with cleaning liquid, in the present case ordinary water via a water-supply conduit 10 connected to a water source 10a. Like the power cable 11, the water-supply conduit 10 may extend through the wall of the housing 4 directly or indirectly by means of a simple lead-through or coupling connector 10b.

The high-pressure side of the pump 3 is connected via a high-pressure conduit 9, preferably in the form of a piece of hose, to a coupling device (not shown) connected to one end of a high-pressure hose 13 in the hose accumulator 7. The other end of the high-pressure hose 13 is in the conventional manner connected to an ordinary cleaning gun 12 by means of another coupling device (not shown).

During use, i.e. during the normal operational condition, the high-pressure cleaner 1 is placed standing upright, and in the exemplary embodiment shown in Figure 1, the hose accumulator 7 is situated close to the bottom part of the high-pressure cleaner 1, being further provided with a hand crank 8 for manual winding and unwinding of the hose 13, the latter leaving the housing 4 through a slot 14, in this exemplary embodiment being oriented transversely or horizontally.

The placing of the hose accumulator 7 close to the bottom part of the housing 4 and below the motor-pump unit 2,3 constitutes one possible preferred embodiment, but the hose accumulator 7 may also be placed and oriented differently, e.g. as in the example shown in Figure 2. The transverse orientation of the slot 4 as shown in Figure 1 may be replaced by a e.g. longitudinally extending slot as shown in the Figure 2.

The enclosing of the hose accumulator 7, provides effective protection of the hose against external harmful influences when the high-pressure cleaner is not in use. The danger in having an unprotected high-pressure hose, as is the case in the cleaners known up to the present, is that the hose may be damaged in such a manner that the user does not discover the damage until the hose is put into use, i.e. when high-pressure is being applied to it. This may, of course, lead to quite serious consequences for the user, if the hose is e.g. partially cut through and bursts when the user starts the high-pressure cleaner.

Further, the placing of the hose accumulator 7 in the housing 4 provides the very obvious advantage that the hose 13 under all conditions, especially when being fully wound on the accumulator drum, does not "drift about" and so constitutes a risk, especially for persons being present in the area around the high-pressure cleaner, such as is the case with the hose-storage devices known up to the present. Likewise, in the previously known high-pressure cleaners, the hose may inadvertently either fall down from the supporting hooks in its entirety or unwind itself partially from the latter, hence constituting a corresponding risk.

In order to additionally achieve a winding and unwinding of the hose 13, that is as homogeneous as possible, the hose accumulator 7 may further be provided with a hose-guiding device (not shown) causing the hose to be wound and unwound according to a predetermined pattern.

The hose accumulator 7, which is not shown in detail, comprises a drum, on which the hose 13 may be wound, the requisite fittings for securing the accumulator to the housing, as well as one or two bearings for supporting the drum for rotation at one side or both sides, of which at least one bearing functions as a coupling device between the high-pressure hose 13 and the high-pressure conduit 9 of the pump 3. The bearing concerned may be constructed with e.g. a rotating hose connector for the high-pressure hose, and further with e.g. a sealing ring for providing a seal between the connector and the hose.

As will be seen from the above description, the high-pressure cleaner according to the present invention is relatively compact and will - all else being equal-occupy less space both during stationary storage and during e.g. transportation with a vehicle, such as an automobile or the like, than the previously known high-pressure cleaners with externally supported hose.

In the exemplary embodiment shown, the drum in the hose accumulator 7, on which the hose 13 may be wound, is operated by means of a hand crank 8, but it also lies within the scope of the present invention to replace or supplement this hand crank with a fully or partly automatic electrically or hydraulically driven winding and unwinding mechanism.

The high-pressure hose 13 is preferably made from hose material of the type consisting of a fluid-tight matrix of rubber or rubber-like material reinforced by helically wound and/or braided wires or filaments having a high tensile strength. A hose made of such a material has proved to be sufficiently flexible to be wound on and unwound from the accumulator drum without difficulty, at the same time being capable of withstanding the high pressures involved.

LIST OF PARTS

1
high-pressure cleaner
2
motor
3
pump
4
housing
5
handle
6
wheels
7
hose accumulator
8
hand crank
9
high-pressure conduit
10
water-supply conduit
10a
water source
10b
lead-through or junction box
11
power cable
11a
electric power source
11b
lead-through or junction box
12
cleaning gun
13
high-pressure hose
14
slot


Anspruch[de]
  1. Hochdruckreiniger (1) vom mobilen Typ mit:
    • a) einem Gehäuse (4),
    • b) einer Motorpumpeneinheit (2, 3), die in dem Gehäuse (4) angeordnet und von diesem umschlossen ist, wobei der Motor (2) elektrisch betrieben ist und mit elektrischer Energie von einer normalen elektrischen Energiequelle (11a) über ein Energiekabel (11) versorgt wird, und wobei die Pumpe (3) auf der Saugseite mit Wasser über eine Wasserversorgungsleitung (10) versorgt wird, die mit einer Wasserquelle (10a) verbunden ist, und
    • c) einer Spritzpistole (12), die mit der Motorpumpeneinheit (2, 3) durch einen Hochdruckschlauch (13) verbunden ist,
    gekennzeichnet durch
    • d) eine Schlauchsammeleinrichtung (7) für den Hochdruckschlauch (13), die in dem Gehäuse (4) angeordnet, von diesem umschlossen und zum Ausgeben und Einholen des Schlauches (13) angepaßt ist, und daß
    • e) das Gehäuse (4) eine Öffnung (14) umfaßt, durch welche der Schlauch (13) von der Sammeleinrichtung (7) aus dem Gehäuse (4) gelangt.
  2. Hochdruckreiniger nach Anspruch 1,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Schlauchsammeleinrichtung (7) in dem unteren Teil des Gehäuses (4) unterhalb der Motorpumpeneinheit (2, 3) angeordnet ist.
  3. Hochdruckreiniger nach Anspruch 2,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß

    die Öffnung (14) einen Schlitz bildet, der sich in der Quer- oder Längsrichtung des Gehäuses (4) erstreckt.
  4. Hochdruckreiniger nach einem der Ansprüche 1 - 3,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Schlauchsammeleinrichtung (7) vom Typ ist, der eine drehbare Trommel umfaßt, auf welche der Schlauch (13) aufgewickelt bzw. von welcher dieser abgewickelt werden kann.
  5. Hochdruckreiniger nach Anspruch 4,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß ein Lager, das die Trommel für eine Drehung trägt, eine Fluidverbindungsvorrichtung bildet, die das proximale Ende des Schlauches (13) mit der Hochdruckseite (9) der Pumpe (3) verbindet.
  6. Hochdruckreiniger nach Anspruch 4 oder 5,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Schlauchsammeleinrichtung (7) eine Schlauchführung umfaßt, die so ausgebildet ist, daß sie während der Drehbewegung der Trommel hin- und herbewegt werden kann.
  7. Hochdruckreiniger nach einem der Ansprüche 4 - 6,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Trommel mit einem manuell betätigbaren Element (8) verbunden ist, mit dem sie in jeder Richtung gedreht werden kann.
  8. Hochdruckreiniger (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 - 7,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Hochdruckschlauch (13) aus einem Schlauchmaterial vom Typ besteht, das aus einer fluiddichten Gummimatrix oder einem gummiartigen Material besteht, das mit schraubenförmig gewickelten und / oder geflochtenen Drähten oder Filamenten mit einer hohen Zugfestigkeit verstärkt ist.
Anspruch[en]
  1. High-pressure cleaner (1) of the mobile type comprising
    • a) a housing (4),
    • b) a motor-pump unit (2,3) placed in and enclosed by the housing (4), wherein the motor (2) is electrically driven and supplied with electric power from an ordinary electric power source (11a) via a power cable (11) and wherein the pump (3) is on the suction side supplied with water via a water-supply conduit (10) connected to a water source (10a), and
    • c) a cleaning gun (12) connected to said motor-pump unit (2,3) through a high-pressure hose (13),
    characterized by
    • d) a hose accumulator (7) for said high-pressure hose (13) placed in and enclosed by said housing (4) and adapted for paying-out and hauling-in said hose (13), and in
    • e) that said housing (4) comprises an opening (14), through which said hose (13) extends from said accumulator (7) out of the housing (4).
  2. High-pressure cleaner according to claim 1, characterized in that said hose accumulator (7) is placed in the lower part of said housing (4) below said motor-pump unit (2,3).
  3. High-pressure cleaner according to claim 2, characterized in that said opening (14) constitutes a slot extending in the transverse or longitudinal direction of said housing (4).
  4. High-pressure cleaner according to any one or any of the claims 1-3, characterized in that said hose accumulator (7) is of the type comprising a rotatable drum, on or from which said hose (13) can be wound or unwound, respectively.
  5. High-pressure cleaner according to claim 4, characterized in that a bearing supporting said drum for rotation constitutes a fluidic connecting device connecting the proximal end of said hose (13) to the high-pressure side (9) of said pump (3).
  6. High-pressure cleaner according to claim 4 or 5, characterized in that said hose accumulator (7) comprises a hose guide adapted to reciprocate during the rotatory movement of said drum.
  7. High-pressure cleaner according to any one or any of the claims 4-6, characterized in that said drum is connected to a manually operable member (8), with which it can be made to rotate in either direction.
  8. High-pressure cleaner (1) according to any one or any of the claims 1-7, characterized in that said high-pressure hose (13) is made of hose material of the type consisting of a fluid-tight matrix of rubber or rubber-like material reinforced by helically wound and/or braided wires or filaments having a high tensile strength.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Nettoyeur haute pression (1) du type mobile, comprenant
    • a) un carter (4),
    • b) une unité à moto-pompe (2,3) disposée dans et entourée par le carter (4), le moteur (2) étant entraîné électriquement et alimenté en énergie électrique à partir d'une source d'alimentation en énergie électrique usuelle (11a) par l'intermédiaire d'un câble d'alimentation (11), tandis que la pompe (3) est alimentée en eau, au niveau de son côté aspiration, par un conduit d'alimentation en eau (10) raccordé à une source (10a) délivrant de l'eau, et
    • c) un pistolet de nettoyage (12) raccordé à ladite unité à moto-pompe (2,3) au moyen d'un tuyau à haute pression (13),
    caractérisé par
    • d) un dispositif de rangement (7) pour ledit tuyau à haute pression (13), disposé dans et entouré par ledit carter (4) et adapté pour le déroulement et l'enroulement dudit tuyau (13), et
    • e) en ce que ledit carter (4) comprend une ouverture (14), par laquelle ledit tuyau (13) s'étend hors du carter (4) à partir dudit dispositif de rangement (7).
  2. Nettoyeur haute pression selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que ledit dispositif de rangement (7) du tuyau est disposé dans la partie inférieure dudit carter (4) au-dessous de ladite unité à moto-pompe (2,3).
  3. Nettoyeur haute pression selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que ladite ouverture (14) est constituée par une fente qui s'étend dans la direction transversale ou longitudinale dudit carter (4).
  4. Nettoyeur haute pression selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1-3, caractérisé en ce que ledit dispositif (7) de rangement du tuyau est du type comprenant un tambour rotatif, sur ou à partir duquel ledit tuyau (13) peut être respectivement enroulé ou déroulé.
  5. Nettoyeur haute pression selon la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce qu'un palier supportant ledit tambour pour qu'il puisse tourner constitue un dispositif de raccordement fluidique reliant l'extrémité proximale dudit tuyau (13) au côté haute pression (9) de ladite pompe (3).
  6. Nettoyeur haute pression selon la revendication 4 ou 5, caractérisé en ce que ledit dispositif (7) de rangement du tuyau comprend un guide pour le tuyau, adapté pour se déplacer en va-et-vient pendant le mouvement de rotation dudit tambour.
  7. Nettoyeur haute pression selon l'une quelconque des revendications 4-6, caractérisé en ce que ledit tambour est raccordé à un élément (8) pouvant être actionné manuellement, à l'aide duquel il peut être amené à tourner dans un sens ou dans l'autre.
  8. Nettoyeur haute pression (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1-7, caractérisé en ce que ledit tuyau à haute pression (13) est formé d'un matériau du type constitué par une matrice étanche aux fluides, formée d'un caoutchouc ou d'un matériau analogue à du caoutchouc et renforcée par des fils ou des filaments enroulés en hélice et/ou tressés, possédant une résistance élevée à la traction.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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