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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0644344 03.07.1997
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0644344
Titel Verfahren zur Herstellung eines Wälzlagers mit einem Käfig
Anmelder SKF Industrial Trading & Development Co. B.V., Nieuwegein, NL
Erfinder Tadic, Vendran Andelo, NL-3921 AA Elst, NL;
Bras, Johan Christian Marinus, NL-4196 AZ Tricht, NL;
Berryman, Leslie, NL-4133 CM Vianen, NL
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69403417
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 02.09.1994
EP-Aktenzeichen 942025149
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 22.03.1995
EP date of grant 28.05.1997
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 03.07.1997
IPC-Hauptklasse F16C 33/44
IPC-Nebenklasse B29C 71/04   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a method of manufacturing a cage for a roller bearing, whereby the cage is formed from a thermoplastic polymer-containing material and is provided over its annular circumference with notches for the incorporation of rotating bodies.

Such a method is known from the prior art. The polymer-containing materials used hereby are, for instance, fibre-reinforced nylons or polyether ether ketone (PEEK).

The cages manufactured according to this method have the disadvantage that in a roller bearing said polymer-containing material becomes so hot, for example under a heavy load, that it approaches its melting point, becoming viscous and thus losing its rigidity, form and functionality. This may cause damage or destruction of the roller bearing and may in some applications lead to dangerous situations. Moreover, some of the polymer-containing materials mentioned are relatively expensive.

To obtain a heat resistent cage the prior art teaches the manufacture of cages from metal. However, the use of metal cages has drawbacks with regard to noise and friction and entails contact problems. Therefore, the manufacture of metal cages does not provide a satisfactory solution.

The present invention aims at providing a method of the manufacture of cages from thermoplastic polymer-containing material, whereby the above-mentioned problems are effectively eliminated.

To this end the method according to the invention is characterized in that the thermoplastic polymer-containing material is cross-linked under the influence of radiation.

The degree of cross-linking confers on the cage the for the application desired properties. This allows the cage to be used even at temperatures above the original melting point of the polymeric material. Apart from the thermic stability the creep and relaxation behaviour, the compatibility with lubricants and the aging characteristics are improved. Also, the cage can now be formed from cheap thermoplastic polymeric materials that up to now could not be used for cages.

The radiation is preferably ionizing radiation, especially β-radiation.

In this way the intended cross-linking is effectively brought about. β-radiation possesses sufficient penetration and is radiation technically easy to handle.

The invention relates also to a method of manufacturing a roller bearing which roller bearing is provided with a cage comprising over its annular circumference receiving means for rotating bodies, and whereby rotating bodies are inserted in the receiving means.

To this end the method according to the invention is characterized in that first a cage is formed from cross-linkable, thermoplastic polymer-containing material, then the receiving means are provided with rotating bodies and the material is subsequently cross-linked under the influence of radiation and the cross-linked material-containing cage thus provided with rotating bodies is assembled into a roller bearing in a manner known in itself.

This method is particularly useful when applying a cage having receiving means for rotating bodies whereby the openings of the receiving means is smaller than the diameter of the rotating bodies. The cage of which the material is not yet cross-linked and which is still somewhat flexible can, because of its flexibility be provided with rotating bodies without being damaged, which is good for the operational life and allows operation under heavy loads.

The invention will be further elucidated with the aid of the drawing which shows an example of an embodiment of a cage for a roller bearing according to the invention and in which the only Figure shows a radial view of the cage for a roller bearing.

The Figure shows part of a cage 1 which over its circumference is provided with receiving means 2. The cage is formed from a material containing a thermoplastic synthetic material which is subsequently cross-linked. The synthetic material may be one of the common nylons or polyether ether ketones. However, the invention allows the use of a great variety of cheap plastics such as polypropylene, mixed polypropylenes and polyurethanes.

The receiving means 2 shown here have an opening 3 which is smaller than the diameter of the rotating bodies A to be placed into the receiving means 2, so that the rotating bodies A are retained in the receiving means. The rotating bodies A consist of balls, but can for instance also comprise rollers. According to a preferred embodiment the cage 1 is provided with the rotating bodies A before the polymer-containing material is cross-linked. This prevents that a cage, which in order to function properly is rigid and as mentioned before is provided with receiving means 1 having openings 2 which are smaller than the diameter of the rotating bodies A, incurs damages during insertion of the same, in the form of, for instance haircracks.

In order to improve the flexibility the polymeric material can contain additives such as a plasticizer. De plasticizer is also cross-linked under the influence of radiation.

The polymeric material can also be provided with additives that promote cross-linking. If the polymer that is used is difficult to cross-link, such as polyamide, the application of such additives is very advantageous. Examples of cross-linking promoters are easily cross-linkable polymers such as polyethylene. Applying cross-linking promoters can at the same time improve the efficiency of the radiation sources, so that radiation sources can be used which would otherwise be less suitable.

The degree of cross-linking is adapted to the desired properties. A higher degree of cross-linking results in a less elastic and harder cage.

To influence the properties of the cage, additives such as fibre, in particular glass fibre and carbon fibre, can be incorporated in the polymeric material.


Anspruch[en]
  1. A method of manufacturing a cage for a roller bearing, whereby the cage is formed from a thermoplastic polymer-containing material and which is provided over its annular circumference with receiving means for the incorporation of rotating bodies, characterized in that the thermoplastic polymer-containing material is cross-linked under the influence of radiation.
  2. A method according to claim 1, characterized in that the radiation is ionizing radiation.
  3. A method according to claim 2, characterized in that the ionizing radiation is β-radiation.
  4. A method of manufacturing a roller bearing, which roller bearing is provided with a cage, whereby the cage over its annular circumference comprises receiving means for rotating bodies, and rotating bodies, characterized in that first a cage is formed from cross-linkable, thermoplastic polymer-containing material, that it is then provided with rotating bodies and that the material is subsequently cross-linked under the influence of radiation and the cross-linked material-containing cage, thus provided with rotating bodies, is assembled into a roller bearing in a manner which is in itself known.
  5. A cage for a roller bearing, characterized in that said cage is manufactured by a method according to any one of the claims 1 to 3.
  6. A roller bearing, characterized in that said roller bearing is provided with a cage according to claim 5.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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