PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0502676 23.10.1997
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0502676
Titel Verstärkte Polyarylensulfid-Harzzusammensetzung und daraus geformte Produkte
Anmelder Polyplastics Co. Ltd., Osaka, JP
Erfinder Nakai, Mikio, Fuji-shi, Shizuoka, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69222205
Vertragsstaaten BE, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LU, NL, PT
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 02.03.1992
EP-Aktenzeichen 923017693
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 09.09.1992
EP date of grant 17.09.1997
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 23.10.1997
IPC-Hauptklasse C08K 7/10
IPC-Nebenklasse C08L 81/02   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention concerns a reinforced polyarylene sulfide resin composition and a molding product thereof. More particularly, the prevent invention concerns a polyarylene sulfide resin composition producing a molding product with good surface and excellent surface luster, as well as excellent in heat resistance and moldability and also excellent in mechanical property and, specially, it relates to materials suitable for parts of automobiles, electric or electronic equipments, etc., which are required heat resistance, mechanical property and surface smoothness, for example, lamp reflectors.

In recent years, thermoplastic resins having high heat resistance and chemical resistance, as well as flame retardancy have been demanded for materials used for electric or electronic equipment parts, materials for automobile equipment parts and materials for chemical equipment parts. A polyarylene sulfide resin typically represented by a polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) resin is one of such reasons capable of satisfying the above-mentioned requirement and their demand has been increased. However, since the resin is somewhat expensive and fragile when used alone, it has been generally practiced to improve the mechanical property and the like by blending a fibrous reinforcing agent such as glass fibers and carbon fibers or other fillers.

However, blend of such general inorganic fillers, particularly, fibrous reinforcing agents such as glass fibers and carbon fibers providing a remarkable effect for improving the mechanical strength involves a significant drawback of worsening the flowing property and extremely deteriorating the smoothness at the surface of the molding products thereby making the surface luster poor. In view of the above, it has been keenly demanded for reinforced resin compositions being excellent in the effect of enhancing the moldability and the mechanical strength of a polyarylene sulfide resin and capable of providing molding products having excellent surface smoothness, surface luster and the like, but those capable of satisfying the object can no yet been obtained.

In view of the foregoing problems, it is an object of the present invention to provide a reinforced polyarylene sulfide resin material of excellent moldability, having excellent mechanical property and heat resistance, as well as providing smooth surface and excellent luster when it is prepared as a molding product.

The present inventors have made a study for solving the foregoing problem and, as a result, have found that the poor surface state of an existent molding products based on the fiber-reinforced composition comprising a polyarylene sulfide resin as the main ingredient and using glass fibers or carbon fibers is attributable to the fibrous material used as the reinforcing agent, and have made an extension search and study on the fibrous material causing no such surface roughening and having reinforcing effect and, as a result, have accomplished the present invention based on the finding that specific mineral fibers or ceramic fibers shown below are extremely effective.

That is, the present invention concerns a reinforced polyarylene sulfide resin composition comprising (A) 100 parts by weight of a polyarylene sulfide resin and (B) 1 to 200 parts by weight of mineral fibers and/or ceramic fibers having a chemical composition comprising 35 to 50 wt% of SiO&sub2;, 8 to 20 wt% of Al&sub2;O&sub3;, 10 to 50 wt% of CaO and 3 to 20 wt% of MgO, represented as oxide and a molding product with good surface state prepared by molding the same.

The polyarylene sulfide resin as the ingredient (A) in the composition according to the present invention mainly comprises repeating unit -(-Ar-S-)-(in which Ar is arylene group). As the arylene group (-Ar-) there can be used, for example, p-phenylene group, m-phenylene group, o-phenylene group, substituted phenylene group (in which the substituent is an alkyl group, preferably C&sub1; - C&sub5; alkyl group or a phenylene group), p,p&min;-diphenylene sulfone group, p,p&min;-biphenylene group, p,p&min;-diphenylene ether group, p,p&min;-diphenylene carbonyl group and naphthalene group.

In this case, among arylene sulfide groups constituted with the arylene groups as described above, a polymer using identical repeating units, that is, a homopolymer may be used. Further, in view of the processability for the composition, a copolymer containing different kinds of repeating units may be preferred depending on the case.

As the homopolymer, a substantially linear homopolymer containing, as the repeating unit, p-phenylene sulfide groups using the p-phenylene group as the arylene group is used particularly preferably.

As the copolymer, a combination of two or more of different kinds of the arylene sulfide groups comprising the arylene group as described above can be used, in particular, a combination mainly composed of p-phenylene sulfide group and containing m-phenylene sulfide group, is used particularly preferably. Among them, a substantially linear copolymer containing more than 60 mol%, preferably, more than 70 mol% of p-phenylene sulfide groups is appropriate in view of the physical property such as heat resistance, moldability and mechanical property. In this case, a copolymer containing the repeating units of the component not at random but in a block-forms (for example, as described in Japanese Patent Laid-Open 14228/1986) has good processability and excellent heat resistance and mechanical property and can be used preferably.

For the polyarylene sulfide resin as the ingredient (A) used in the present invention, a polymer obtained from a relatively low molecular weight linear polymer by increasing the melt viscosity under oxidizing crosslinking or thermal crosslinking thereby improving the moldability can be used, but a substantially linear high molecular weight polymer obtained from difunctional monomers by polycondensation can also be used. In most cases, the latter substantially linear polymer has higher physical property for the resultant molding product and is preferred.

Further, as the polyarylene sulfide resin according to the present invention, it is also possible and suitable to use a crosslinked polyarylene sulfide resin polymerized by using, in admixture, those monomers having three or more functional groups as the portion of the monomer, or a blend resin prepared by blending the same with the linear polymer described above, in addition to the polymer described above.

Then, the reinforcing agent used as the ingredient (B) in the present invention is mineral fibers and/or ceramic fiber having specified chemical composition, comprising, as oxides, 35 to 50 wt% of SiO&sub2;, 8 to 20 wt% of Al&sub2;O&sub3;, 10 to 40 wt% of CaO and 3 to 20 wt% of MgO and, further, it may contain less than 10 wt% of FeO or the ingredient such as TiO&sub2;, MnO, Na&sub2;O and K&sub2;O each by less than 3 wt%. In accordance with the present invention, a molding product capable of sufficiently providing a reinforcing effect to the mechanical property of a molding product as the object of the present invention and, in addition, remarkably improved at the surface state of the molding product as compared with that of a molding product comprising fibrous reinforcing agent such as glass fibers and carbon fibers used generally, by blending the mineral fibers and/or ceramic fibers comprising the chemical composition described above.

If the content of the ingredients as the reinforcing agent are out of the range as defined in the present invention, it is not preferred since at least one of the mechanical property and the surface state of the molding product is worsened. For instance, if the SiO&sub2; content exceeds 50% by weight, the property approaches to that of usual glass fibers to worsen the surface state when it is prepared into a molding product. On the other hand, if it is less than 35% by weight, it tends to reduce the reinforcing effect for the mechanical property. Further, also for Al&sub2;O&sub3;, CaO and MgO, if the content is excessive or insufficient, the effect for reinforcing the mechanical property is reduced, or the effect to the surface state of the molding product is not sufficient, and the handlability, moldability, heat resistance and the like upon preparation may not be preferred depending on the case.

Further, in the present invention, the mineral fibers or ceramic fibers as the ingredient (B) preferably have an average fiber diameter within a range of 2 to 10 µm and an average fiber length within a range of 50 to 800 µm and, particularly, an average diameter of 4 to 8 µm and an average fiber length of 150 to 800 µm. Those with smaller fiber diameter are difficult to be prepared, whereas those of excessively large diameter reduce the effect for reinforcing the mechanical property. Further, if the fiber length is insufficient, the reinforcing effect is also reduced. On the other hand, if it is excessive, it hinders the flowing property of the composition and it is not preferred in view of the moldability. In addition, the surface state of the molding product is neither sufficient.

The fibrous reinforcing agent used as the ingredient (B) in the present invention is prepared as fibers containing the above-mentioned chemical ingredients by melting and purifying specific natural rocks, for example, igneous rocks such as basalt, or blast furnace slags by-produced upon iron making, spinning and then forming them into fibers of a desired diameter. Then, they are chopped or cut by an appropriate chopper or cutter and may be used as they are while partially containing powdery material. If required, it may be classified after cutting to selectively use those with an appropriate fiber length. The mineral fibers or ceramic fibers as such ingredient (B) can be available from marketed products, for example, "LAPINUS ROCKFIL" trade name of products manufactured by ROCKWOOL LAPINUS B. V., or "S-FIBERS-FF" trade name of products manufactured by Shin Nippon Seitetsu Co. Ltd..

The reinforcing agent as the ingredient (B) used in the present invention may be used as it is, but it may be used after being applied a surface treatment or gathering treatment by using a known surface treating agent, for example, an organosilane compound, an organoborane compound, an epoxy compound or an organotitanate compound and a coupling agent such as an isocyanate compound. The surface treating agents may be added simultaneously with the preparation of the composition. In particular, surface treatment with, or addition of an amino alkoxy silane, epoxy alkoxy silane, vinyl alkoxy silane or mercapto alkoxy silane is effective to the mechanical property.

Further, for the reinforcing agent of the ingredient (B), those prepared by gathering using other appropriate organic materials for preventing fluffing and scattering upon preparation of the composition may also be used.

In the present invention, the content for the ingredient (B) is from 1 to 200 parts by weight, preferably 5 to 150 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of the polyarylene sulfide resin. If the blending amount of the ingredient (B) is insufficient, the effect for reinforcing the mechanical property is not sufficient. On the other hand, if it is excessive, the moldability is worsened and the surface state of the molding product is also worsened thereby making it difficult to attain the object of the present invention. Further, in the composition according to the present invention, use of a fibrous reinforcing agent other than the ingredient (B) is not hindered so long as this does not particularly hinder the object of the present invention and, for instance, it is possible to use a small amount of an organic polymer fibers having high melting point such as fluoro resin fibers, aromatic polyamide fibers and potassium titanate fibers together. However, since the combined use of the glass fibers or carbon fibers used generally as the reinforcing agent for the polyarylene sulfide resin has an effect of remarkably worsening the surface state of the molding product as described above and results in a trouble to attain the object of the present invention, it is desirable not to use them in combination and, if they are used in combination, it should be restricted to an extremely small content, for instance, to less than 1/5 of the mineral fibers or ceramic fibers as the ingredient (B).

Then, in the composition according to the present invention, a powdered and granulated filler (including hollow) or a plate-like filler can be blended further as the ingredient (C) together with the ingredient (B), although it is not essential. Such filler (C) is preferably used together with the ingredient (B) in view of eliminating the anisotropy in the shrinkage and suppressing warping deformation upon molding to improve the dimensional accuracy or improving the electric property and heat resistance. Anyone among powdery, granular, spherical, hollow and plate-like shapes may be used together with the ingredient (B), possibly two or more kinds of them may be used, depending on the purpose.

The combined use of the filler (C) does not hinder the surface state so much as the molding product and it is effective for making a good balance among the physical properties as described above in the aimed molding product.

Referring to the examples of the ingredient (C), there can be mentioned as the powdery and granular filler, for example, silicates such as molten silica, quartz powder, glass beds, glass powder, calcium silicate, aluminum silicate, kaolinite, talc, clay, diatomaceous earth and wollastonite, metal oxides such as iron oxide, titanium oxide and alumina, metal carbonates such as calcium carbonate and magnesium carbonate, metal sulfates such as calsium sulfate and barium sulfate, as well as silicone carbide, silicon nitride, boron nitride and a powdery and granular particle of SiO&sub2;-Al&sub2;O&sub3; compound identical with or different from the ingredient (B).

As the plate-like filler, there can be mentioned, for example, mica, glass flake and talc. Further, as the hollow filler, there can be mentioned, for example, siras balloon, metal balloon, glass balloon, SiO&sub2;-Al&sub2;O&sub3; series hollow particles.

The average particle size of the filler (C) is less than 20 µm, preferably less than 10 µm for the general powdery and granular particles, less than 50 µm, preferably less than 40 µm for the spherical or flat-type material. If the above-mentioned limit of the filler (C) is exceeded, the surface state of the molding product tends to be worsened, depending on the shape of the filler, and it is not preferred in view of the surface state of the molding product aimed at in the present invention.

Further, the blending amount of the filler (C) is less than 150 parts by weight, preferably less than 130 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of the polyarylene sulfide resin. Further, the sum with the ingredient (B) is less than 250 parts by weight, preferably less than 200 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of the polyarylene sulfide. If the ingredient (C) or the sum of the ingredient (B) and the ingredient (C) is excessive, it results in a problem in the moldability and is not preferred also in view of the surface state of the molding product. The filler (C) may also be used as it is, but it may, alternatively, be used after being applied a surface treatment by a coupling agent or being gathered by other organic compound in the same manner as for the ingredient (B).

In the composition according to the present invention, other thermoplastic resins can be blended additionally in a small amount within a range not departing from the object of the invention and they include, for example, vinyl resins such as polyvinyl chloride resin and polyvinylidene chloride resin, polycarbonate resin, polyamide resin, polyimide resin, polyolefin resin, polyester resin, polyether resin, polysulfone resin, epoxy resin, natural rubber and synthetic rubber. Further, additives such as flame retardant, antioxidant, UV-ray inhibitor, lubricant, releasing agent, nucleating agent, foaming agent, cross-linker and colorant may be added as required.

The composition according to the present invention can be prepared by various known preparation methods by melting and kneading. For instance, it is a general procedure to previously mix required ingredients uniformly by a mixer such as a tumbler and Henschel mixer, supply the mixture to a one-shaft or two-shaft extruder and pelletize by melt kneading and then serve the same to molding. Upon pelletization, the ingredient (B) and, if required, the ingredient (C) may be added to the ingredient (A) once melted in the extruder, and this method is effective for preventing the flexing of the fibrous material. Further, it is possible to mix the required ingredients, directly supply the mixture to a molding machine and mold them as they are after melt kneading.

As shown in the foregoing descriptions, since the composition according to the present invention has excellent moldability, heat resistance and mechanical property, has an extremely improved surface state such as smoothness and luster, particularly, in a case when it is prepared into a molding product, as compared with compositions blended with known glass fibers or known carbon fibers as the fibrous reinforcing agent for a polyarylene sulfide resin, it can be used suitably to various kinds of materials for equipments requiring such satisfactory appearance and properties, for example, parts of equipments aiming for optical reflection, etc.

Further, such surface state is also effective for attaining a smooth surface state in a case of coating a thin film on the surface of molding products such as coating, sputtering, plating, vaccum evaporation coating and ion plating.

The present invention will now be described more specifically referring to examples, but the invention is not restricted only to them.

(Examples 1 - 12, Comparative Examples 1 - 9)

Pellets of a polyolefin sulfide resin composition were prepared by adding a reinforcing agent (B) of the present invention and (B&min;) for comparison whose chemical compositions are as shown in Table 1 and, if necessary, a powdery and granular filler or a pellet-like filler (C) to a polyphenylene sulfide resin (PPS) (The formulations are Tables 2 and 3), well mixing them in a blender, melt kneading the mixture in an extruder at a cylinder temperature of 310°C. Then, test pieces were molded by an injection molding machine at a cylinder temperature of 320°C and a die temperature of 150°C and physical values (tensile strength and elongation, bending property) thereof were measured.

Further, for measuring the smoothness at the surface of the molding products, a flat plate of 120 mm x 120 mm x 3 mm was molded by using an injection molding machine at a cylinder temperature of 320°C and a die temperature of 150°C, and a clearness of reflection light thereof was measured by using a image reflecting measuring device (manufactured by Suga Shikenki). That is, light was entered at an angle of 45° to a specimen molding plate, reflection light at 45° was allowed to pass through an optical comb of 1.0 mm width, the maximum value M in the bright portion and the minimum value m in the dark portion for the transmission light passed through the optical comb were measured by a light receiving device, to determine the image clearness (%) in accordance with the following equation.

Light source: tungsten filament,

Light wavelength: 400 to 700 nm Image clearness (%) = M - m / (M + m)x 100

A greater value shows that the clearness is high and the specimen plate is smooth. On the other hand, if the value is small, it shows that "blur" or "distortion" is caused and the surface of the specimen plate is coarse.

The results are shown in Tables 2 and 3.


Anspruch[en]
  1. A reinforced polyarylene sulfide composition characterised by comprising:
    • (A) a polyarylene sulfide resin, and for every 100 parts by weight thereof
    • (B) from 1 to 200 parts by weight of mineral fibers and/or ceramic fibers having a chemical composition comprising 35 to 50 wt% of SiO&sub2;, 8 to 20 wt% of Al&sub2;O&sub3;, 10 to 40 wt% of CaO and 3 to 20 wt% of MgO, represented as oxide.
  2. A reinforced polyarylene sulfide resin composition as claimed in claim 1, characterised in that the mineral fibers and/or ceramic fibers as the ingredient (B) have an average diameter of 2 to 10µm and an average fiber length of 50 to 800 µm.
  3. A reinforced polyarylene sulfide resin composition as claimed in claim 1 or 2, characterised in that the resin composition further comprises (C) 1 to 150 parts by weight of a powdered and granulated filler and/or a plate-like filler based on 100 parts by weight of the polyarylene sulfide resin as the ingredient (A).
  4. A molding product with good surface state prepared by molding the reinforced polyarylene sulfide resin composition as claimed in any of claims 1 to 3.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

Anmelder
Datum

Patentrecherche

Patent Zeichnungen (PDF)

Copyright © 2008 Patent-De Alle Rechte vorbehalten. eMail: info@patent-de.com