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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0705535 04.06.1998
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0705535
Titel Modulare Stütze für verpflanzte Pflanzen
Anmelder Facchinetti Luciana - Altini Mario trading under the trading style Vivaio Tri Pass di Facchinetti e Altini S.n.c., Gorlago, Bergamo, IT
Erfinder Altini, Mario, I-24060 Gorlago (Prov. of Bergamo), IT
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69502252
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, NL, PT, SE
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 04.10.1995
EP-Aktenzeichen 951156363
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 10.04.1996
EP date of grant 29.04.1998
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 04.06.1998
IPC-Hauptklasse A01G 17/04
IPC-Nebenklasse A01G 23/04   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a structure with modular components and openable collar, particularly adapted for supporting transplanted plants in an upright position in order to allow their root-taking and -forming.

It is well-known that many plants and trees of various sizes are grown in plant nurseries to allow to use them, by transplant, in other locations such as avenues, parks, gardens, and the like, to enhance and/or improve the aesthetics of these locations.

Transplanting a small- and medium-sized plant or tree currently entails removing the plant from its growing place so that a part of the soil that surrounds it, known as sod, remains attached to the roots; then a larger hole (approximately twice as large as the sod) is dug in the transplant area; the plant and the associated sod are placed in this larger hole, and then three (or more) supporting posts are inserted at the sides of the hole, orientating them towards the trunk of the plant. Thereafter, the ends of the supporting posts (known as braces) are tied to the plant with flexible means, such as ropes, metal cables, or the like. Finally, the hole is filled with soil, which is then tamped. With this supporting system, the transplanted plant remains upright with no danger that the sod might separate from the roots.

However, since the braces lie outside the hole and are sometimes very long (for example three or four meters long in the case of large-size plants or trees) they occupy significant space around the plant and are thus aesthetically unpleasant. Additionally, the known braces constitute a dangerous obstacle for people and animals.

Furthermore, the braces protruding out of the soil that surrounds the plant also entail the drawback that they require cutting other young plants to provide them and hinder periodical cutting of the grass around the transplanted plant; said cutting, even after removing the braces, can cause damage to the bark of the plant, especially if lawn-mowers or the like are used.

In practice, therefore, current transplants entail significant financial burdens for forming the braces and the use of two or three workers to install and fix said braces, and also have the drawback that they produce a supporting structure that is aesthetically unpleasant as well as dangerous and usable only once in practice.

Accordingly, a principal aim of the present invention is to provide a supporting structure for transplanted plants that is conceived and structured so as to fully obviate the practical, economical, and aesthetic problems entailed by the use of braces arranged outside the soil affected by the plant, and most of all such that it can be reused several times, without practical difficulties and always with the same effectiveness and reliability, and which can also be used for transplanting potted plants or the like.

An object of the invention is to provide a supporting structure of the above specified type that is structured so as to be easily adapted, quickly and without using accessories and/or operations for adapting the braces to the various situations, for plants the height and trunk diameter whereof vary significantly.

This aim, this object, and others which will become apparent from the following detailed description are achieved by a supporting structure for plants as defined in the appended claims.

More particularly, and according to a first preferred embodiment, said supporting structure uses three horizontal rod-like elements, two whereof are rigidly coupled to (or monolithic with) each other at one of their free ends and are longer than the third horizontal element, so as to form a single element that is curved at substantially 90o and is meant to accommodate the trunk of the plant in the curved region; the third horizontal element being shorter than the other elements and being detachably anchored thereto in the curved region between the two first elements; the plant being fastened to the structure by means of a half-collar or the like adjustable by means of screw-like spacers or the like; said fastening being such as to close, with the interposition of a flexible sleeve, the trunk of the plant between the curved region of the first two elements and the half-collar.

According to another embodiment, said horizontal rod-like elements have the same length and each one is provided, at its free end, with a portion shaped like a circular arc; said circular arcs have screw-like anchoring means for their stable connection around the trunk of the plant after interposing a flexible sleeve-like sheath.

Finally, said vertical rod-like elements are preferably constituted by straight tubular bodies adapted to allow, when required, the introduction of fertilizers in the soil that surrounds the roots of the transplanted plant.

Further characteristics and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description, given with reference to the accompanying drawings, which are provided merely by way of non-limitative example and wherein:

  • figure 1 is a view of a supporting structure for plants to be transplanted, executed according to the invention, and shown after installation, that is to say, in the position for supporting a plant inside a hole formed in the soil;
  • figure 2 is a top or plan view of the structure according to the invention on its own, in the position in which it is closed around the trunk of a medium-sized plant;
  • figure 3 is a view of a different embodiment of the structure of figures 1 and 2;
  • figure 4 is a view of a further embodiment of said figures 1 and 2; and
  • figures 5, 5a, and 6 are plan and sectional views of two types of sleeve made of rubber or the like.

With reference to the above figures, and in particular to figures 1 and 2, the supporting structure according to the invention is conceived and structured so as to remain installed, fully embedded and concealed in the hole formed in the soil in a known manner.

Said structure in fact comprises three metallic rod-like elements 1-2-3 which, after placing the sod 6 with the roots in the hole 4, are driven vertically inside the hole 4, which is substantially quadrangular or even cylindrical and is formed in a known manner in the soil 5, at a substantially equal distance from each other and with an angular spacing as shown in figure 2, that is to say, so that they lie at the corners of an isosceles triangle or the like, in the central region whereof the sod is placed. Horizontal rod-like elements 8-9-10 are furthermore connected to said three vertical elements by virtue of screw means or the like; their length is adjustable so as to converge towards the plant or tree and then be able to fasten it regardless of the diameter of its trunk.

More specifically, the embodiment shown in figures 1 and 2 entails forming the horizontal elements 1 and 2 starting from a single rod-like element that is subsequently bent at an angle (approximately 90o) so as to form the two elements 8-9 and then allow to accommodate, in the curved region between the two elements 8-9, the trunk of the plant 7 above the sod. The third horizontal rod-like element 10, which is shorter than the previous ones, is furthermore connected by screw means or the like 10a to the curved region between the elements 8-9.

The plant, which is already located in the curved region (figure 2) between the elements 8-9, is then fastened by virtue of a collar 11 that is substantially a curved flat element having two opposite lugs 11a-11b which allow to tighten the collar around the trunk by virtue of two traction elements 12-12a anchored at right angles to the elements 8-9; said traction elements are threaded so that, by passing through holes formed in the lugs of the collar, said collar can be tightened around the plant by means of nuts.

In order to safeguard the integrity of the bark of the plant in the region where the collar 11 is fastened, a sleeve-shaped tubular sheath 13, made of flexible material such as natural or synthetic rubber, nonrigid plastics, or the like, is interposed between said collar and the trunk.

Furthermore, in order to allow the above described structure to fasten trunks having different diameters or to cover any excessive distances between the walls of the hole and the plant arranged centrally in said hole, at least the horizontal traction elements 8-9 are made of two parts that can be telescopically adjusted in length with respect to each other by screwing or unscrewing a nut 14 that acts by resting on lugs that protrude from the traction elements on a threaded portion of the initial part 8a-9a of the two traction elements 8-9.

The traction element 10 can also be provided so that it can elongate telescopically according to the requirements.

According to another embodiment, which is also within the scope of the present invention, the supporting structure with vertical rod-like elements can have three horizontal rigid elements or traction elements 15-16-17 (figure 3) of equal length; sectors of a cylindrical sleeve 15a-16a-17a are anchored to the free end of said elements that lies close to the trunk, and said sectors are provided, at their ends, with lugs that mate with each other so as to provide, by virtue of traction screws 18, a rigid tubular body that encloses the plant 7 and the corresponding flexible protective sleeve 13.

The length of said screws 18 is such as to allow to fasten the cylindrical sectors 15a-16a-17a that form the collar on plants of different diameters.

The structure described above therefore remains inside the hole 4, and said hole is then filled with soil, as shown in figure 1, until the structure and the corresponding sod are covered.

After a period of a few months, which varies according to the type and size of the transplanted plant, the structure is separated from the plant and extracted so that it can be reused for other transplants.

Furthermore, in order to avoid damaging the bark of the plant during grass cutting, in the region above the filled hole, the length of the elastic tubular sheath 13 can be such that it protrudes partially from the ground, so as to wrap around a part of the trunk, protecting it from the cutting devices of conventional lawn-mowers.

Also according to the invention, the supporting structure can be constituted by four vertical elements 19-20-21-22 (figure 4) made of wood, metal, plastics, or the like, which are arranged inside a quadrangular hole and at the top whereof it is possible to anchor two identical horizontal elements 23-24 that are substantially two pairs of identical rod-like elements shaped like a V or the like and arranged so that they are mutually opposite and co-planar, as clearly shown in figure 4.

In this case, too, the V-shaped elements 23-24 can be provided so that they can elongate telescopically to adapt them to the various dimensions of the plant to be supported; in this case, too, a fitting made of rubber or the like, having an adjustable height and length, is inserted between the plant and the portions of the elements that form the external quadrilateral.

Both for a structure having three vertical supporting elements and for a structure having four of said elements, the rubber sleeve or gasket is in fact constituted by an elastic belt 25 or 26 (figures 5-5a and figure 6) having, in one case, a toothed tab 25a adapted to be wrapped in a tubular manner around the plant and then inserted in bridges 25b and then pulled so as to adhere to said plant.

The elastic belt 26 (figure 6) can instead have, as securing means, once the tubular element has been formed, elastic press-studs 26a or the like.

For all of the above described and illustrated embodiments, the dimensions of the vertical and horizontal rod-like elements, as well as the materials employed (metallic tubular elements, wood or plastic rods, and the like), can vary according to the requirements; likewise, the dimensions and shape of the elastic belts and of the collar fastening system can also vary according to the requirements without abandoning the scope of the protection of the invention.

Where technical features mentioned in any claim are followed by reference signs, those reference signs have been included for the sole purpose of increasing the intelligibility of the claims and accordingly such reference signs do not have any limiting effect on the interpretation of each element identified by way of example by such reference signs.


Anspruch[en]
  1. Supporting structure for plants to be transplanted, characterized in that it comprises at least three rod-like elements that can be driven substantially vertically and equidistantly at the bottom of a hole for accommodating a plant and sod of earth, so that the upper ends of the rod-like elements lie partially beneath the rim of the hole; a horizontal rod-like element being anchored detachably to the upper end of each vertical rod-like element and being directed towards the trunk of the plant arranged in a central region of the hole; at least one collar for fastening the trunk of the plant to the ends of said horizontal elements, said collar, having an adjustable width and being connectable to said horizontal elements, with the interposition of a protective sleeve made of a flexible material, between said collar and the trunk of the plant.
  2. Supporting structure according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises three horizontal rod-like elements, two of which are rigidly coupled to each other at one of their free ends and are longer than the third horizontal element, so as to form a single element that is curved substantially at 90o for accommodating the trunk of a plant in the curved region; the third horizontal element being shorter than the other elements and being anchored thereto detachably in the curved region between the first two elements; the plant being fastened to the structure by virtue of an adjustable half-collar, adapted to close, with the interposition of a flexible sleeve, the trunk of the plant between the curved region of the first two elements and the half-collar.
  3. Supporting structure according to claims 1 and 2, characterized in that said horizontal rod-like elements have the same length and in that each one is provided, at its free end, with a portion shaped like a circular arc, said circular arcs having screw-like adjustment and anchoring means for stable connection around the trunk of the plant, after interposing a flexible sleeve-like sheath.
  4. Supporting structure according to claims 1 to 3, characterized in that said vertical rod-like elements are preferably constituted by straight tubular bodies allowing, when required, to introduce fertilizer in the soil that surrounds the roots of the transplanted plant.
  5. Structure according to the preceding claims, characterized in that said tubular sheath made of flexible material has such a height or length that it partially protrudes from the surface of the soil in order to protect the lower portion of the plant.
  6. Structure according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that it is constituted by four vertical rod-like elements driven at the corners of a quadrangular hole; in that the free ends of two identical horizontal elements, also made of wood or the like, can be detachably anchored to the top of said vertical rod-like elements; in that said horizontal elements are constituted by pairs of elements that are arranged so as to form a V or the like and are in turn arranged mutually opposite and co-planar, so as to form, between them, a frame for retaining the plant to be transplanted.
  7. Structure according to the preceding claims, characterized in that said protection sleeve or collar is constituted by an elastic belt provided with a toothed tab adapted to be inserted in bridges after wrapping the belt around the trunk of the plant and be then pulled until the tubular element is stably fastened to said trunk by locking the teeth of the tab inside the bridge.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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