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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0715014 23.07.1998
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0715014
Titel Schussfadenschmiervorrichtung für Webmaschinen
Anmelder L.G.L. Electronics S.p.A., Bergamo, IT
Erfinder Zenoni, Pietro, I-24026 Leffe (Province of Bergamo), IT
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69503022
Vertragsstaaten BE, CH, DE, LI, SE
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 27.11.1995
EP-Aktenzeichen 951186303
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 05.06.1996
EP date of grant 17.06.1998
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 23.07.1998
IPC-Hauptklasse D06B 1/12
IPC-Nebenklasse D03J 1/04   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a device for lubricating the weft thread for weaving looms.

It is known that in high-speed weaving processes performed with modern shuttle-less air jet looms, projectile looms, and the like, the weft thread is unwound from the spool by a weft pre-feeder interposed between the spool and the loom which accumulates a reserve of thread in the form of turns that unwind from the feeder when requested by the loom.

In many cases, in order to achieve perfect insertion of the weft between the warp threads, it is necessary, due to the high beating rates of the loom, to lubricate the weft thread to eliminate, or at least reduce, the sliding friction of said weft on the warp threads. Weft lubrication also allows to obtain a thread that is more uniform and consequently can be better processed, is less subject to jamming and therefore to breakage, and can be handled more easily by the pre-feeder too, since lubrication generally facilitates sliding and attenuates sudden variations in the sliding speed caused by localized friction variations. Normally, the thread is lubricated when it is taken from the spool to be woven immediately, with vegetable low-viscosity oils or mixtures of oils, and the treatment must be performed in such a manner to ensure uniform lubrication despite the thread unwinding speed, avoiding both excessive and insufficient impregnation.

The principal aim of the present invention is to provide a lubrication device that can provide, industrially and without using labor, the lubrication of the weft thread when taken from the spool with the above-mentioned uniform treatment methods, regardless of the unwinding speed of said thread and of any stops thereof.

Another object of the invention is to provide a lubrication device having an extremely simplified structure, being highly reliable in operation, and economically advantageous.

A further object of the invention is to provide a lubrication device requiring an occasional monitoring substantially aimed at merely restoring the level of the lubricating fluid.

According to the present invention, this aim, these important objects, and others which will better appear hereinafter are achieved with a weft thread lubrication device having the specific features given in the appended claims.

Substantially, the device according to the invention is constituted by a container for holding the lubricating fluid, in which a strip of spongy material, such as felt or the like, is immersed; by capillary action, said strip becomes impregnated with said fluid. This strip, having an adequate width, for example between 100 and 150 millimeters, wraps around a nonrotating supporting roller having a cylindrical sector which protrudes with respect to the surface of a lid of the container, so that a respective portion of said strip, shaped like a cylindrical sector and impregnated with lubricant, correspondingly protrudes with respect to the surface of said lid and is exposed.

The weft thread to be lubricated is made to slide on the cylindrical-sector portion, or exposed portion, of the strip of felt or the like; a guiding bush, which can move transversely to the thread sliding direction with a reciprocating motion imparted by a motorized screw, moves said thread in a cyclic manner from one end to the other of said strip portion, so as to utilize its entire impregnated surface. The supporting roller is subjected to manual angular movements imparted by means of an external knob and having the purpose of replacing the exposed surface of the felt strip when it shows signs of wear.

According to a further embodiment of the invention, which is aimed at simplifying the device by avoiding its motorization, the cyclic motion for shifting the thread from one end to the other of the exposed portion of the impregnated strip is produced by the so-called "balloon" that the thread forms by unwinding from the spool; in this case the guiding bush is eliminated and replaced with a simple thread guiding slot.

The characteristics, purposes, and advantages of the device according to the invention will become apparent from the following detailed description and with reference to the accompanying drawings, given by way of non-limitative example, wherein:

  • figure 1 is a perspective view of the lubrication device according to an embodiment of the invention;
  • figure 2 is a partially sectional side view of the device of figure 1;
  • figure 3 is a perspective view, similar to figure 1, showing a different embodiment of the device according to the invention.

With reference to figures 1 and 2, the lubrication device 10 comprises a parallelepiped-shaped container 11, for holding the lubricating fluid 12, which constists in a known manner of a vegetable low-viscosity oil or mixture of oils. A strip 13 of felt, or other spongy material capable of absorbtion by capillary action, is immersed in the mass of the lubricating fluid 12 and has a width of for example 150 to 200 millimeters; one of its ends protrudes beyond a lid 14 of the container 11 to wrap partially around a support 15, which is shaped like a cylindrical roller, is rigidly coupled to said lid, and can perform angular movements, preferably in a stepwise manner, that are imparted manually by virtue of a knob 16.

The roller 15 has a cylindrical portion protruding from an opening of the lid 14 beyond the surface of said lid, so that a respective cylindrical portion 13a of the strip 13, impregnated with lubricant, correspondingly protrudes beyond said lid and is exposed. Two lips 17, preferably made of elastomeric material, cover the gaps between the strip 13 and the lid 14 to prevent the entry of dust, lint, and the like in the container 11. The thread F, that unwinds directly from the spool, is made to slide, with a slight contact pressure, on the exposed portion 13a of the strip of felt 13. A bush 18, movable in a reciprocating manner, guides the entry of the thread in the device and moves said thread in a cyclic manner transversely to its sliding direction from one end to the other of the exposed portion 13a of the felt strip 13, so as to utilize the entire impregnated surface of said strip; a thread guiding slot 19 is arranged at the exit of the device.

For this purpose, the bush 18 is provided with a fixed female thread in which a correspondingly threaded screw 20 engages; said screw is turned by a reversible electric motor 21 controlled by limit switches (not shown) that are sensitive for example to electrical input. The rotation of the supporting roller 15 allows to periodically change the exposed surface 13a of the felt strip when it shows signs of wear.

The embodiment of figure 3, in which similar or corresponding parts are designated by the same reference numeral, differs in that the bush 18, with the corresponding kinematic system and actuation motor 20 and 21, are omitted in favour of greater simplification. In this case, the cyclic transverse motion of the thread is produced by the so-called thread "balloon", that is to say, by the rotation which, when unwinding, said thread performs about the spool R, passing in a cyclic manner in diametrically opposite points, such as A and B, and moving from one side to the other of said spool.

A second thread guiding slot 22 is also provided at the inlet of the device 10 in replacement of the bush 18, in order to control the transverse movement of the thread and keep it in contact with the portion 13a of the strip 13.

Without altering the concept of the invention, the details of execution and the embodiments may of course vary extensively with respect to what has been described and illustrated by way of non-limitative example without thereby abandoning the scope of the invention that is defined by the appended claims.

Where technical features mentioned in any claim are followed by reference signs, those reference signs have been included for the sole purpose of increasing the intelligibility of the claims and accordingly such reference signs do not have any limiting effect on the interpretation of each element identified by way of example by such reference signs.


Anspruch[en]
  1. Device (10) for lubricating the weft thread (F) for weaving looms, characterized in that it comprises a container (11) for holding the lubricating fluid (12) that is closed by a lid (14), a strip of felt or the like (13) being immersed in said container and being impregnated with said fluid by capillary action; in that one end of the strip (13) protrudes from the lid of the container (11) and wraps around a cylindrical support (15) so that a respective portion (13a) of the strip (13), shaped like a cylindrical sector and impregnated with lubricating fluid, protrudes with respect to the surface of the lid (14) and is exposed; and in that the weft thread to be lubricated is made to slide on the exposed portion (13a) of the strip; means (18, 19) being provided for guiding the thread (F) and for producing a cyclic transverse movement thereof from one end to the other of said exposed portion (13a).
  2. Device according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises a thread guiding bush (18), which is actuated with a reciprocating transverse motion and is arranged at the inlet of the device, and a thread guiding slot (19), arranged at the outlet.
  3. Device according to claims 1 and 2, characterized in that the thread guiding bush (18) is provided with a female thread engaged by a screw (20) that is turned in opposite directions by a reversible electric motor (21) controlled by limit switches.
  4. Device according to claim 1, characterized in that the cylindrical support (15) of the strip of felt or the like (13) is constituted by a roller that is rotatably coupled to the lid (14) of the container (11) and can perform angular movements that are imparted manually by means of a knob (16) and are adapted to replace the exposed portion (13a) of the strip (13) when it is worn.
  5. Device according to claim 1, characterized in that the cyclic transverse motion of the thread (F) on the exposed portion (13a) of the strip (13) is produced by the unwinding rotation of said thread about the spool (R), and in that said transverse shift is controlled by a second thread guiding slot (22) that is located at the inlet of the device and is also adapted to maintain said thread in contact with said exposed portion (13a) of the strip (13).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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