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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0581506 15.10.1998
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0581506
Titel Waschwasser-Kreislauf für Farbsprühkabinen
Anmelder ABB Fläkt AB, Stockholm, SE
Erfinder Josefsson, Leif E.B., Sterling Heights, Michigan 48310, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69320898
Vertragsstaaten BE, DE, ES, FR, GB, IT, SE
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 19.07.1993
EP-Aktenzeichen 933056400
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 02.02.1994
EP date of grant 09.09.1998
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 15.10.1998
IPC-Hauptklasse B05B 15/12

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a paint spray booth having a scrubber water handling system and, more particularly, to a scrubber water handling system and air supply housing arrangement contained in a paint spray booth bottom tank.

Air and water recirculation/filtration systems are important for industrial paint spray booths as they provide for acceptable environmental conditions and high quality paint finishing. In a traditional paint spray booth, residual paint spray and water is collected and transported to a recirculation tank external to the booth. Upon filtration, water is pumped back to the booth bottom. Filtered air is supplied to the spray booth from an air supply housing unit located on the roof of the building. Installation of these units is expensive as extensive labour and materials (i.e. piping and duct work) are required.

In GB 1080702 there is described a paint spray cabin with a simple water circulating system, which involves water bearing troughs over which air is circulated. This document represents the prior art as referred to in the preamble of claim 1.

In US 4440554 there is described a paint spray booth using water to entrain paint in the booth. Means are provided for reducing the moisture content of the air before it is exhausted from the system. Neither the air nor the water is recirculated.

It is desirable to have a scrubber water handling system and air supply housing unit located within the paint spray booth bottom tank. This would result in substantial cost savings as the amount of materials and labour used in constructing external systems would be reduced as modular design units would be utilized. Additional cost savings would be realized as less pump energy would be required to recirculate the water. It is desirable to have one scrubber water handling system and air supply housing unit for every paint spray booth zone. This would eliminate the need for large units external to the paint spray booth to process the entire amount of water and air used in the paint spray process. Additionally, less water retention time is needed for each recirculation tank as opposed to one large external tank.

According to the present invention there is provided a paint spray booth according to claim 1.

The paint spray booth may comprise a plurality of paint spray zones, each zone including a recirculation water receiving tank located above a support surface on which the paint spray booth rests.

The recirculation water receiving tank may include a water chute and a receiving trough. The recirculation water receiving tank may also comprise means for periodically bleeding off a portion of the contents of the tank and for sending the portion to a desludging system. The recirculation water receiving tank may also comprise a slotted pipe located in the tank, coupled to a recirculation pump.

The scrubber water handling system may also include flooding sheets and first venturi means positioned above the tank.

The dewatering means may take the form of a labyrinth positioned adjacent the tank. The dewatering means may alternatively or additionally comprise a plurality of dewatering baffles and first and second venturi scrubber orifices positioned above the tank.

The recirculation water recovery tank may also include a flush-out valve coupling the tank to a tank bottom trough, which may be coupled to a desludging system.

It is preferred that at least one recirculation water receiving tank is located entirely within the paint spray booth.

The objects and features of the invention will become apparent from a reading of the detailed description, taken in conjunction with the drawings wherein similar reference numerals denote similar elements throughout the several views and in which:

  • FIG. 1 is a side view of a prior art paint spray booth system consisting of an air supply housing unit, paint spray booth, spray booth bottom, and recirculation tank;
  • FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a paint spray booth bottom tank embodying the present invention;
  • FIG. 3 is a top view of a section of the spray booth bottom tank illustrating an air supply housing unit labyrinth and a recirculation tank;
  • FIG. 4 is a side view of the total spray booth bottom tank length and a secondary dewatering arrangement; and
  • FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the recirculation tank and air supply housing unit both contained in the spray booth bottom tank of FIG. 2.

Referring now to FIG. 1 there is shown prior art spray booth system 13 which includes air supply housing unit 1, spray booth 2, spray booth bottom 3, and water recirculation tank 4. Water (containing a dilute concentration of paint) and air enter spray booth bottom 3. After passing through spray booth bottom 3, the water collects in trough 5 and passes under gravity through piping 10 to recirculation tank 4. Upon being filtered, pump 9 transports the water through pipe 11 to spray booth bottom 3. In regards to air recirculation, the air is exhausted through tank outlet 12 and duct 6 where it is either vented to the atmosphere at 7 or is recycled to air supply housing unit 1. If vented, fresh air is supplied via damper 8.

Several problems exist with the prior art. Construction of the recirculation tank and air supply housing unit is expensive and requires a high amount of materials and labor. A high level of pump energy is needed to transport the water back to the spray booth. Additionally, state regulations may require that the below-ground recycle tank be double contained.

In view of the above, an improved placement of the recirculation tank is contemplated to eliminate the aforementioned difficulties encountered in the prior art system in FIG. 1.

Referring now to FIG. 2, a first preferred embodiment of the present invention is shown and includes recirculation tank 15 and air supply housing unit 16 contained in spray booth bottom zone 14. Rectangular recirculation tank 15 is located below flooding sheets 17a and 17b and venturi scrubber 18. Located within tank 15 is trough 19, chute 20, and horizontal slotted pipe 21. Flush-out valve 22 connects the tank bottom 23 to trough 24 which runs along tank bottom 25. Located between baffle 37 and air supply system 16 is labyrinth 26. Opposite air supply housing unit 16 is exhaust duct 27 with door 28 and damper 29. Dampers 30 and 31 are located on housing unit 16.

Water is distributed in troughs 32a and 32b along spray booth bottom 33. The water flows by gravity on flooded sheets 17a and 17b and passes through venturi scrubber 18 into recirculation tank 15. The purpose of venturi scrubber 18 is to create a high level of turbulence, allowing the paint solids and water to thoroughly mix. As it enters the bottom section of the paint spray booth, water collects in trough 19. As trough 19 fills, the water enters chute 20 flowing through opening 33. Water then flows through open bottom 34 filling recirculation tank 15. Upon exiting opening 34, the water sweeps paint sediment up from tank bottom 23 forming an even distribution of water and paint solids. Large pieces of paint sludge will nonetheless settle in tank bottom 23. Flush-out valve 22 is opened periodically to remove and send such sludge pieces to desludging system 48 (FIG. 4) by way of trough 24. Recirculation pump 35 draws water through slotted pipe 21 and external pipe 36 , sending it back to troughs 32a and 32b.

A small portion of water bypasses recirculation tank 15 and is not recycled in the manner described above. This portion (in the form of water droplets) is swept up by air entering tank 15 through venturi scrubber 18 and is carried over baffle 37. The air and water droplets enter the labyrinth 26. Water droplets contact labyrinth baffles 39 and fall to tank bottom 25. The droplets are collected in trough 24 where they are transported to desludging system 48.

The air approaches the end of the zone length near air supply housing unit 16 where it can either be recycled to paint spray booth 40 or exhausted to the atmosphere. If exhausted, it passes through door 28 into air duct 27. Damper 29 is connected to duct work which leads to an outside exhaust system. During this time fresh air enters air supply housing unit 16 through damper 30, is processed in air supply housing unit 16, and is sent to paint spray booth 40. During this time, damper 31 is closed.

During the recycle operation, dampers 29 and 28 are closed. Damper 31 is opened, allowing air to enter air supply housing unit 16. To prevent fresh air from entering, damper 30 is closed. Upon being processed, the recycled air is sent to the spray booth 40.

FIG 3 shows paint spray booth bottom zone 14 shown in FIG 2 illustrating in detail air conditioning unit 41 located within air supply housing unit 16. Air conditioning unit 41 contains in series dewatering baffle arrangement 42, air particle bag filters 43a and 43b, dehumidification cooling unit 44, heater 45, and recirculation fans 46a and 46b. Fresh or recycled air enters unit 16 through ducts 30 or 31, respectively. Any water particles remaining in the air contact baffles 42 and are removed. Residual paint particles are trapped by bag filters 43a and 43b. Water condensate is removed by dehumidifier 44. Finally, heater 45 reheats the air and recirculation fans 46a and 46b send the air back to the spray booth.

Particular advantages of decreased required booth height and low power requirements are achieved by locating the air supply housing unit entirely within the booth and adjacent the recirculation water receiving tank 15, such that booth air is processed and exhausted at an elevation in the booth below the water held in the recirculation tank 15. Alternatively, the recirculation tank 15 could be placed outside the spray booth, but at an elevation with respect to the booth such that the tank is located entirely above a surface which supports the spray booth bottom.

Referring to FIG. 4, total spray booth bottom tank length 47 is shown including desludging system 48. In the spray booth zones 49a-49d, water is recycled and air is recycled or exhausted in the manner described above with reference to FIG.2. In addition, pipes 50a-50d are used to bleed off a portion of the water in recirculation tanks 15a-15d. Valves 51a-51d open at various times bleeding off a small fraction. These fractions are transported through pipe 52 to desludging system 48. With valves 53 and 54 open, pump 55 transports the water to centrifuge 56 where paint solids are separated and deposited in sludge cart 57. The filtered water is then transferred in pipe 58 to collection tank 59.

Periodically, large sludge sediments are drained from recirculation tanks 15a-15d by opening valves 60a-60d. The sediments flow in trough 24 and through pipe 61. Opening valve 62 allows the sediments to fall into filter basket 63 with the water filtering into collection tank 59. The contents of tank 59 are then recycled by pump 64 through pipe 65 to trough 32. This clarified water stream ensures that the concentration of paint solids in the water in trough 32 is very small.

In normal operation, valve 66 is open while valve 70 is closed, allowing the water to be recycled. Periodically (e.g., once per year), valve 70 is opened and valve 66 is closed, allowing the system to be emptied and cleaned.

FIG. 5 illustrates in detail recirculation tank 15 shown in FIG.2, 3, and 4. Water and air enter tank 15 in a manner previously described. Not shown in prior illustrations, dewatering baffle 65 collects water and allows it to spill over into trough 19.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Farbsprühkabine mit einem Waschwassersystem zum Verarbeiten von Farbsprühkabinenwasser und Farbschlamm, Mitteln (26) zum Entwässern von in der Farbsprühkabine zirkulierender Luft und wenigstens einem Sammelbehälter (15) für Kreislaufluft, der vollständig über einer Tragoberfläche angeordnet ist, auf der die Farbsprühkabine lagert, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Wassersammelbehälter (15) und die Luftentwässerungsmittel (26) so angeordnet sind, daß Luft in Verwendung durch die Luftentwässerungsmittel (26) an einer Erhöhung in der Farbsprühkabine unter dem in dem Rezirkulationsbehälter (15) gehaltenen Wasser entwässert wird.
  2. Farbsprühkabine nach Anspruch 1, bei der die Farbsprühkabine eine Vielzahl von Farbsprühzonen (49a-d) aufweist, wobei jede Zone einen Sammelbehälter (15a-d) für Kreislaufwasser einschließt, der über einer Tragoberfläche angeordnet ist, auf der die Farbsprühkabine lagert.
  3. Farbsprühkabine nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, bei der der Sammelbehälter (15) für Kreislaufwasser eine Wasserrinne (20) und einen Sammelbottich (19) einschließt.
  4. Farbsprühkabine nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, bei der der Sammelbehälter (15) für Kreislaufwasser weiter Mittel (22) zum periodischen Ablassen eines Anteils des Inhalts des Behälters (15) und zum Befördern des Anteils zu einem Entschlammungssystem aufweist.
  5. Farbsprühkabine nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, bei der der Sammelbehälter (15) für Kreislaufwasser weiter ein im Behälter (15) angeordnetes geschlitztes Rohr (21) aufweist, das mit einer Umwälzpumpe (35) gekoppelt ist.
  6. Farbsprühkabine nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, bei der das Waschwassersystem weiter Strömungsbleche (17a, b) und erste Venturi-Mittel (18) aufweist, die über dem Behälter (15) angeordnet sind, und das Mittel zum Entwässern die Form eines an den Behälter angrenzend angeordneten Entwässerungslabyrinths (26) annimmt.
  7. Farbsprühkabine nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, bei der das Waschwassersystem weiter eine Vielzahl von Entwässerungsprallplatten (66a, b) und erste und zweite Venturi-Wäscher-Öffnungen (18, 67) aufweist, die über dem Behälter (15) angeordnet sind.
  8. Farbsprühkabine nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, bei der der Sammelbehälter (15) für Kreislaufwasser weiter ein Ausspülventil (60) aufweist, das den Behälter (15) mit einem Behälterbodenbottich (24) koppelt.
  9. Farbsprühkabine nach Anspruch 8, bei der der Behälterbodenbottich (24) mit einem Entschlammungssystem gekoppelt ist.
  10. Farbsprühkabine nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9, bei der der wenigstens eine Sammelbehälter (15) für Kreislaufwasser vollständig innerhalb der Farbsprühkabine angeordnet ist.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A paint spray booth having a scrubber water handling system for processing paint spray booth water and paint sludge, means for dewatering air (26) circulating in the paint spray booth and at least one recirculation water receiving tank (15) located entirely above a support surface on which the paint spray booth rests, characterised by said water receiving tank (15) and said air dewatering means (26) being located such that air is dewatered, in use, by said air dewatering means (26) at an elevation in the paint spray booth below the water held in the recirculation tank (15).
  2. A paint spray booth according to claim 1, wherein the paint spray booth comprises a plurality of paint spray zones (49a-d), each zone including a recirculation water receiving tank (15a-d)located above a support surface on which the paint spray booth rests.
  3. A paint spray booth according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the recirculation water receiving tank (15) includes a water chute (20) and a receiving trough (19).
  4. A paint spray booth according to any of claims 1 to 3, wherein the recirculation water receiving tank (15) further comprises means (22) for periodically bleeding off a portion of the contents of the tank (15) and for sending the portion to a desludging system.
  5. A paint spray booth according to any of claims 1 to 4, wherein the recirculation water receiving tank (15) further comprises a slotted pipe (21) located in the tank (15), coupled to a recirculation pump (35).
  6. A paint spray booth according to any of claims 1 to 5, wherein the scrubber water handling system further comprises flooding sheets (17a, b) and first venturi means (18) positioned above the tank (15) and the means for dewatering takes the form of a dewatering labyrinth (26) positioned adjacent the tank.
  7. A paint spray booth according to any of claims 1 to 6, wherein the scrubber water handling system further comprises a plurality of dewatering baffles (66a, b) and first and second venturi scrubber orifices (18, 67) positioned above the tank (15).
  8. A paint spray booth according to any of claims 1 to 7, wherein the recirculation water receiving tank (15) further comprises a flush-out valve (60) coupling the tank (15) to a tank bottom trough (24).
  9. A paint spray booth according to claim 8, wherein the tank bottom trough (24) is coupled to a desludging system.
  10. A paint spray booth according to any of claims 1 to 9, wherein said at least one recirculation water receiving tank (15) is located entirely within the paint spray booth.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Cabine de peinture ayant un système de traitement d'eau de lavage afin de traiter l'eau de cabine de peinture et les dépôts de peinture, des moyens destinés à sécher l'air (26) qui circule dans la cabine de peinture et au moins un réservoir de réception d'eau de recyclage (15) placé entièrement au-dessus d'une surface de support sur laquelle repose la cabine de peinture, caractérisée en ce que ledit réservoir de réception d'eau (15) et lesdits moyens de séchage d'air (26) sont disposés de telle sorte que l'air est séché, lors de l'utilisation, par lesdits moyens de séchage d'air (26) à une hauteur dans la cabine de peinture en dessous l'eau retenue dans le réservoir de recyclage (15).
  2. Cabine de peinture selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la cabine de peinture comporte plusieurs zones de pulvérisation de peinture (49a à d), chaque zone comprenant un réservoir de réception d'eau de recyclage (15a à d) disposé au-dessus d'une surface de support sur laquelle repose la cabine de peinture.
  3. Cabine de peinture selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans laquelle le réservoir de réception d'eau de recyclage (15) comprend une descente d'eau (20) et une goulotte de réception (19).
  4. Cabine de peinture selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans laquelle le réservoir de réception d'eau de recyclage (15) comporte en outre des moyens (22) destinés à évacuer périodiquement une partie du contenu du réservoir (15) et à envoyer la partie vers un système d'épuration.
  5. Cabine de peinture selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans laquelle le réservoir de réception d'eau de recyclage (15) comporte en outre un tuyau fendu (21) situé dans le réservoir (15), relié à une pompe de remise en circulation (35).
  6. Cabine de peinture selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans laquelle le système de traitement d'eau de lavage comporte en outre des feuilles de déversement (17a, b) et des premiers moyens de venturi (18) positionnés au-dessus du réservoir (15) et les moyens de séchage prennent la forme d'un labyrinthe de séchage (26) positionné de façon adjacente au réservoir.
  7. Cabine de peinture selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans laquelle le système de traitement d'eau de lavage comporte en outre plusieurs chicanes de séchage (66a, b) et des premiers et deuxièmes orifices de dispositif de lavage à venturi (18, 67) positionnés au-dessus du réservoir (15).
  8. Cabine de peinture selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, dans laquelle le réservoir de réception d'eau de recyclage (15) comporte en outre une soupape de vidange (60) reliant le réservoir (15) à une goulotte de fond de réservoir (24).
  9. Cabine de peinture selon la revendication 8, dans laquelle la goulotte de fond de réservoir (24) est reliée à un système d'épuration.
  10. Cabine de peinture selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9, dans laquelle ledit au moins un réservoir de réception d'eau de recyclage (15) est disposé entièrement dans la cabine de peinture.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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