The present invention relates to a paint spray booth having a scrubber
water handling system and, more particularly, to a scrubber water handling system
and air supply housing arrangement contained in a paint spray booth bottom tank.
Air and water recirculation/filtration systems are important for
industrial paint spray booths as they provide for acceptable environmental conditions
and high quality paint finishing. In a traditional paint spray booth, residual
paint spray and water is collected and transported to a recirculation tank external
to the booth. Upon filtration, water is pumped back to the booth bottom. Filtered
air is supplied to the spray booth from an air supply housing unit located on the
roof of the building. Installation of these units is expensive as extensive labour
and materials (i.e. piping and duct work) are required.
In GB 1080702 there is described a paint spray cabin with a simple
water circulating system, which involves water bearing troughs over which air is
circulated. This document represents the prior art as referred to in the preamble
of claim 1.
In US 4440554 there is described a paint spray booth using water
to entrain paint in the booth. Means are provided for reducing the moisture content
of the air before it is exhausted from the system. Neither the air nor the water
It is desirable to have a scrubber water handling system and air
supply housing unit located within the paint spray booth bottom tank. This would
result in substantial cost savings as the amount of materials and labour used in
constructing external systems would be reduced as modular design units would be
utilized. Additional cost savings would be realized as less pump energy would
be required to recirculate the water. It is desirable to have one scrubber water
handling system and air supply housing unit for every paint spray booth zone. This
would eliminate the need for large units external to the paint spray booth to
process the entire amount of water and air used in the paint spray process. Additionally,
less water retention time is needed for each recirculation tank as opposed to one
large external tank.
According to the present invention there is provided a paint spray
booth according to claim 1.
The paint spray booth may comprise a plurality of paint spray zones,
each zone including a recirculation water receiving tank located above a support
surface on which the paint spray booth rests.
The recirculation water receiving tank may include a water chute
and a receiving trough. The recirculation water receiving tank may also comprise
means for periodically bleeding off a portion of the contents of the tank and
for sending the portion to a desludging system. The recirculation water receiving
tank may also comprise a slotted pipe located in the tank, coupled to a recirculation
The scrubber water handling system may also include flooding sheets
and first venturi means positioned above the tank.
The dewatering means may take the form of a labyrinth positioned
adjacent the tank. The dewatering means may alternatively or additionally comprise
a plurality of dewatering baffles and first and second venturi scrubber orifices
positioned above the tank.
The recirculation water recovery tank may also include a flush-out
valve coupling the tank to a tank bottom trough, which may be coupled to a desludging
It is preferred that at least one recirculation water receiving tank
is located entirely within the paint spray booth.
The objects and features of the invention will become apparent from
a reading of the detailed description, taken in conjunction with the drawings wherein
similar reference numerals denote similar elements throughout the several views
and in which:
- FIG. 1 is a side view of a prior art paint spray booth system consisting of
an air supply housing unit, paint spray booth, spray booth bottom, and recirculation
- FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a paint spray booth bottom tank embodying the
- FIG. 3 is a top view of a section of the spray booth bottom tank illustrating
an air supply housing unit labyrinth and a recirculation tank;
- FIG. 4 is a side view of the total spray booth bottom tank length and a secondary
dewatering arrangement; and
- FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the recirculation tank and air supply housing
unit both contained in the spray booth bottom tank of FIG. 2.
Referring now to FIG. 1 there is shown prior art spray booth system
13 which includes air supply housing unit 1, spray booth 2, spray booth bottom
3, and water recirculation tank 4. Water (containing a dilute concentration of
paint) and air enter spray booth bottom 3. After passing through spray booth bottom
3, the water collects in trough 5 and passes under gravity through piping 10 to
recirculation tank 4. Upon being filtered, pump 9 transports the water through
pipe 11 to spray booth bottom 3. In regards to air recirculation, the air is exhausted
through tank outlet 12 and duct 6 where it is either vented to the atmosphere
at 7 or is recycled to air supply housing unit 1. If vented, fresh air is supplied
via damper 8.
Several problems exist with the prior art. Construction of the recirculation
tank and air supply housing unit is expensive and requires a high amount of materials
and labor. A high level of pump energy is needed to transport the water back to
the spray booth. Additionally, state regulations may require that the below-ground
recycle tank be double contained.
In view of the above, an improved placement of the recirculation
tank is contemplated to eliminate the aforementioned difficulties encountered
in the prior art system in FIG. 1.
Referring now to FIG. 2, a first preferred embodiment of the present
invention is shown and includes recirculation tank 15 and air supply housing unit
16 contained in spray booth bottom zone 14. Rectangular recirculation tank 15 is
located below flooding sheets 17a and 17b and venturi scrubber 18. Located within
tank 15 is trough 19, chute 20, and horizontal slotted pipe 21. Flush-out valve
22 connects the tank bottom 23 to trough 24 which runs along tank bottom 25. Located
between baffle 37 and air supply system 16 is labyrinth 26. Opposite air supply
housing unit 16 is exhaust duct 27 with door 28 and damper 29. Dampers 30 and
31 are located on housing unit 16.
Water is distributed in troughs 32a and 32b along spray booth bottom
33. The water flows by gravity on flooded sheets 17a and 17b and passes through
venturi scrubber 18 into recirculation tank 15. The purpose of venturi scrubber
18 is to create a high level of turbulence, allowing the paint solids and water
to thoroughly mix. As it enters the bottom section of the paint spray booth, water
collects in trough 19. As trough 19 fills, the water enters chute 20 flowing through
opening 33. Water then flows through open bottom 34 filling recirculation tank
15. Upon exiting opening 34, the water sweeps paint sediment up from tank bottom
23 forming an even distribution of water and paint solids. Large pieces of paint
sludge will nonetheless settle in tank bottom 23. Flush-out valve 22 is opened
periodically to remove and send such sludge pieces to desludging system 48 (FIG.
4) by way of trough 24. Recirculation pump 35 draws water through slotted pipe
21 and external pipe 36 , sending it back to troughs 32a and 32b.
A small portion of water bypasses recirculation tank 15 and is not
recycled in the manner described above. This portion (in the form of water droplets)
is swept up by air entering tank 15 through venturi scrubber 18 and is carried
over baffle 37. The air and water droplets enter the labyrinth 26. Water droplets
contact labyrinth baffles 39 and fall to tank bottom 25. The droplets are collected
in trough 24 where they are transported to desludging system 48.
The air approaches the end of the zone length near air supply housing
unit 16 where it can either be recycled to paint spray booth 40 or exhausted to
the atmosphere. If exhausted, it passes through door 28 into air duct 27. Damper
29 is connected to duct work which leads to an outside exhaust system. During
this time fresh air enters air supply housing unit 16 through damper 30, is processed
in air supply housing unit 16, and is sent to paint spray booth 40. During this
time, damper 31 is closed.
During the recycle operation, dampers 29 and 28 are closed. Damper
31 is opened, allowing air to enter air supply housing unit 16. To prevent fresh
air from entering, damper 30 is closed. Upon being processed, the recycled air
is sent to the spray booth 40.
FIG 3 shows paint spray booth bottom zone 14 shown in FIG 2 illustrating
in detail air conditioning unit 41 located within air supply housing unit 16. Air
conditioning unit 41 contains in series dewatering baffle arrangement 42, air particle
bag filters 43a and 43b, dehumidification cooling unit 44, heater 45, and recirculation
fans 46a and 46b. Fresh or recycled air enters unit 16 through ducts 30 or 31,
respectively. Any water particles remaining in the air contact baffles 42 and are
removed. Residual paint particles are trapped by bag filters 43a and 43b. Water
condensate is removed by dehumidifier 44. Finally, heater 45 reheats the air and
recirculation fans 46a and 46b send the air back to the spray booth.
Particular advantages of decreased required booth height and low
power requirements are achieved by locating the air supply housing unit entirely
within the booth and adjacent the recirculation water receiving tank 15, such that
booth air is processed and exhausted at an elevation in the booth below the water
held in the recirculation tank 15. Alternatively, the recirculation tank 15 could
be placed outside the spray booth, but at an elevation with respect to the booth
such that the tank is located entirely above a surface which supports the spray
Referring to FIG. 4, total spray booth bottom tank length 47 is shown
including desludging system 48. In the spray booth zones 49a-49d, water is recycled
and air is recycled or exhausted in the manner described above with reference to
FIG.2. In addition, pipes 50a-50d are used to bleed off a portion of the water
in recirculation tanks 15a-15d. Valves 51a-51d open at various times bleeding off
a small fraction. These fractions are transported through pipe 52 to desludging
system 48. With valves 53 and 54 open, pump 55 transports the water to centrifuge
56 where paint solids are separated and deposited in sludge cart 57. The filtered
water is then transferred in pipe 58 to collection tank 59.
Periodically, large sludge sediments are drained from recirculation
tanks 15a-15d by opening valves 60a-60d. The sediments flow in trough 24 and through
pipe 61. Opening valve 62 allows the sediments to fall into filter basket 63 with
the water filtering into collection tank 59. The contents of tank 59 are then
recycled by pump 64 through pipe 65 to trough 32. This clarified water stream ensures
that the concentration of paint solids in the water in trough 32 is very small.
In normal operation, valve 66 is open while valve 70 is closed, allowing
the water to be recycled. Periodically (e.g., once per year), valve 70 is opened
and valve 66 is closed, allowing the system to be emptied and cleaned.
FIG. 5 illustrates in detail recirculation tank 15 shown in FIG.2,
3, and 4. Water and air enter tank 15 in a manner previously described. Not shown
in prior illustrations, dewatering baffle 65 collects water and allows it to spill
over into trough 19.