PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0614752 11.02.1999
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0614752
Titel Verfahren und Gerät zur Herstellung von verstärkten Lagen
Anmelder The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., Akron, Ohio, US
Erfinder Bhagwat, Anand Waman, Akron, Ohio 44313, US;
Palmer, Kenneth Joseph, Wadsworth, Ohio 44281, US;
Prakash, Amit, (nmn), Hudson, Ohio 44236, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69415569
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 23.02.1994
EP-Aktenzeichen 941027047
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 14.09.1994
EP date of grant 30.12.1998
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 11.02.1999
IPC-Hauptklasse B29D 30/38
IPC-Nebenklasse B29C 70/00   B60C 9/08   B65H 59/04   B65H 59/38   

Beschreibung[en]

While the invention is subject to a wide range of applications, it is particularly related to the method and apparatus for manufacturing ply or belt stock. More particularly, the present invention is directed to a method and apparatus for manufacturing ply or belt stock of rubber or elastomeric material used in the production of tires, wherein the ply or belt stock is internally reinforced with more than 12 ends per cm (epc) [30 ends per inch (epi)] of metal monofilaments or cords.

Conventionally, radial pneumatic tires for use in passenger car and light truck applications have steel cords embedded in the carcass ply forming the tires. These cords are formed of steel filaments which are woven together and act to increase the strength of the carcass ply. The steel cords are oriented transversely or else obliquely with respect to a major dimension of the ply itself. For reasons of production economy, these plies are obtained by starting with a continuous work piece in which the metal cords constitute a kind of metal warp. This work piece is subsequently reduced, by means of transverse or oblique cuts, into a plurality of segments which are then positioned along-side one another and spliced together along the adjacent edges to form the plies.

Such a method of the prior art is herein explained by referring to Fig. 1. Wire cords 10 are wound about reels 12 which are individually, rotatably supported on spindles 13 that project outward from oppositely facing surfaces 14 and 16 of a reel support structure 18. The cords 10 are paid out toward a guide plate 20. The guide plate 20 is formed with a number of small, equally spaced apertures arranged in three rows spaced from each other. The cords 10 pass through the apertures in each of the rows to be arranged in three planes which intersect at the bite of a first pair of cylindrical guide rollers 22 through which the cords 10 are then introduced. The cords 10 emerge in an horizontal plane and are next introduced through a second pair of cylindrical guide rollers 24 to insure the stable feeding of the cords into an extruder 26. The cords are then covered between two sheets 28 and 30 of rubber or an elastomeric material and pressed in extruder 26 to form a length of reinforced carcass ply 32 used in the production of tires.

Next, as illustrated in Fig. 5, the length of spliceless ply 32 is reduced, by means of a transverse cut, into a plurality of segments 34 which are carried by a conveyor device 36 to a position along-side another segment and then spliced together along the adjacent edges, at station 38, for example as disclosed in US-A-5,221,409. It can be understood that the cords are now arranged in the ply transverse to the direction of travel indicated by the arrow. The resulting strip of spliced ply stock 40 is typically fed into a roll 42.

The prior art system used a single reel mounted on each spindle for each cable in the carcass ply 32. For a typical 122cm (48 inch) wide ply with 4 ends-per-linear centimeter (epc) [10 ends-per-linear inch (epi)] of cord 10, 480 reels on the same number of spindles 13 were required. Assuming that the breaking load for each cord is 45 Kg (100 pounds), there was a breaking load of 178 Kg per linear cm (1000 pounds per linear inch of ply). To manufacture an equivalent ply with steel strands, each having a breaking load of 13,6 Kg (30 pounds), instead of cords, 13 epc (33 epi) would be required to maintain the 178 Kg per linear cm (1000 pounds per inch) breaking load. Therefore, three times as many spools would be required to produce a ply reinforced with strands of a given breaking load as compared with the same sized ply of the same breaking load reinforced with cords. Since the reel support structures typically holds about 1400 to 1500 spools for building a car tire and about 800 to 900 spools for building a truck tire, it can be appreciated that the support structures are already very large and occupy large rooms in a manufacturing facility. Therefore, it is impractical to simply increase the size of the support structure 18 to carry the additional reels. To do this, additional space would be required, typically an extremely costly endeavor. Therefore, at present, the most practical solution is to decrease the width of the carcass ply being manufactured by one third. Then, the existing reel support structures could carry enough reels to form a ply of the same breaking load per linear inch as an equivalent sized ply reinforced with cords. The problem with this solution is that since the resulting width of the length of ply is now only 41 cm (16 inches), two additional splices are required for each 122 cm (48 inch) section of the strip of ply 40. The extra number of splices provides a higher probability of defects and a less uniform final product.

While the prior art is not known to disclose a plurality of spools on a single spindle to feed cable or monofilament for the production of tires, spool supports for multiple spools is known in the textile industry, as illustrated for example in US-A-3,109,605. This patent discloses adjacent spools rotating in opposite directions during the period that the thread is being drawn off so that a uniform tension is provided on all of the threads. Further, a friction coupling between adjacent spools with a spring mechanism at one end of the spools controls the tension of the thread being drawn off. The problem with this configuration, especially when applied to cords and strands used in the manufacture of tires, is that there can be a slightly different tension on each spool. This difference can be accentuated as the friction couplings wear. Also, when a large number of spools are employed, as in the present invention, it is important that they can be easily and quickly adjusted by an operator to provide a uniform tension.

It is an advantage of the present invention to provide a method and apparatus for manufacturing ply or belt stock that obviates one or more of the limitations and disadvantages of the described prior arrangements.

It is a further advantage of the present invention to provide a method and apparatus for manufacturing ply or belt stock wherein the resulting strip of ply or belt stock has substantially the same strength as a prior art strip of ply stock reinforced with cords but is now reinforced with metal monofilaments or cords having an epi of between two and four times higher than the prior art strip of ply stock.

It is another advantage of the present invention to provide a method and apparatus for manufacturing ply or belt stock wherein the resulting strip of ply or belt has substantially the same strength and size as a prior art strip of ply reinforced with cords but has fewer splices and is more uniform than possible with the prior art method and apparatus of manufacturing a strip of ply.

It is still another advantage of the present invention to provide a method and apparatus for manufacturing ply or belt stock wherein the resulting strip of ply or belt of substantially the same strength and size as a prior art strip of reinforced ply has a reduced thickness or gauge as compared with the reinforced ply constructed with the prior art method and apparatus.

It is a still further advantage of the present invention to provide a method and apparatus for manufacturing ply or belt stock wherein a plurality of reels wound with monofilaments or cords are supported on each spindle of a prior art reel support structure.

It is a yet further advantage of the present invention to provide a method and apparatus for manufacturing ply or belt stock wherein a plurality of reels wound with monofilaments or cords are supported on each spindle of a prior art reel support structure so that adjacent reels rotate in opposite directions and a spring and friction disk arrangement between adjacent reels insures even tension on the monofilaments or cords being drawn off of the reels.

It is also an advantage of the present invention to provide a method and apparatus for manufacturing ply or belt stock wherein all of the reels being supported on a reel support structure can be easily and quickly adjusted so that the monofilaments or cords being drawn off from each of the reels on each of the spindles has a uniform tension.

According to the present invention, a strip of ply or belt stock internally reinforced with more than 12 ends per cm (30 ends per inch) of steel monofilaments or cords for use in a tire can be formed by the method of covering the steel monofilaments or cords with rubber or elastomer. The method comprises the following steps. First, a plurality of the steel monofilaments or cords are fed from a plurality of reels rotatably mounted on each of a plurality of spindles secured at an inner end to a reel support structure. Then, the steel monofilaments or cords are aligned in a predetermined spaced relationship of one to the other. Next, the steel monofilaments or cords are arranged in a horizontal plane and covered with rubber or elastomer. Then the rubber or elastomer covered steel monofilaments or cords are cut to form a length of spliceless reinforced ply or belt stock adapted for use in the production of tires.

In accordance with the invention, the step of feeding a plurality of steel monofilaments or cords includes the step of applying a uniform axial braking force to each of the reels so that a uniform tension is provided on each of the steel monofilaments or cords being fed therefrom. This is accomplished by mounting a first friction disk on each of the spindles to abut against a collar fixed at the inner end of each spindle. Then, the plurality of reels are mounted on each of the spindles whereby a first of the reels abuts against the first friction disk. Next, spring biased friction means are mounted on each of the spindles between each of the reels located adjacent to each other whereby a uniform axial braking force can be applied to each reel. Then, a second friction disk is mounted on each of the spindles adjacent an outer free end of each spindle to abut against a second of the reels located adjacent to the outer free end of the spindle. Continuing, retaining means are mounted at the free end of each spindle to abut against the second friction disk for securing the reels on the spindle and compressing the spring biased friction means whereby the uniform axial braking force is applied independently to each reel so that the monofilaments or cords are fed from each reel with a uniform tension. The step of applying a uniform axial braking force also includes feeding the steel monofilaments or cords from each reel in opposite directions from that of an adjacent reel.

Further in accordance with the invention, the method includes the steps of cutting the length of spliceless ply or belt stock into a plurality of spliceless ply or belt stock segments and moving each cut spliceless ply or belt stock segments to a position along-side a prior cut spliceless ply or belt stock segment. The ply or belt stock segments positioned along-side each other are spliced together to form a length of spliced reinforced ply or belt stock moving in a direction of travel whereby the monofilaments or cords are arranged transverse to the direction of travel of the spliced length of ply or belt stock.

According to the invention, a tire of ply or belt stock internally reinforced with more than 12 ends per cm (30 ends per inch) of steel monofilaments or cords for use in manufacturing a tire is formed by the method of covering the steel monofilaments or cords with rubber or elastomer. The method comprises the following steps. A plurality of steel monofilaments or cords are fed from a plurality of reels rotatably mounted on spindles secured at an inner end to a reel support structure so that at least two of the reels are rotatably mounted on each of the spindles. The steel monofilaments or cords are aligned in a predetermined spaced relationship one to the other. Then the steel monofilaments or cords are arranged in a horizontal plane and covered with rubber or elastomer. Next, the covered steel monofilaments or cords are cut to length to form a spliceless length of reinforced ply or belt stock to produce a tire with a reduced number of splices.

The invention and further developments of the invention are now elucidated by preferred embodiments shown in the drawings.

  • Fig. 1 is a perspective view of an apparatus of the prior art for manufacturing a length of ply or belt used in the production of tires;
  • Fig. 2 is a perspective view of a section of a reel support structure with three reels on each spindle in accordance with the present invention;
  • Fig. 3 is a side view of three reels mounted on a single spindle in accordance with the present invention;
  • Fig. 4 is a side view of a spring biased friction device disposed between adjacent reels in Fig. 3; and
  • Fig. 5 is a schematic illustration of the movement, cutting, splicing, and rolling of the ply or belt stock subsequent to being fed out of an apparatus of the type illustrated in Fig. 1.

As discussed above, Fig. 1 illustrates a prior art system for feeding wire cords 10 from reels 12 which are each rotatably supported on a single spindle 13 projecting outward from oppositely facing surfaces 14 and 16 of a reel support structure 18. The cords 10 are paid out toward a guide plate 20. The guide plate 20 is formed with a number of small apertures arranged in three rows spaced from each other. In each row, the apertures are equally spaced. The cords 10 pass through the apertures in each of the rows so as to be arranged in three planes which intersect at the bite of a pair of cylindrical guide rollers 22 through which the cords 10 are then introduced. The cords 10 emerge in an horizontal plane and are next introduced through a second pair of cylindrical guide rollers 24 to insure the stable feeding of the cords into an extruder 26. The cords are then covered between two sheets 28 and 30 of rubber or an elastomer and pressed in extruder 26 to form a length of reinforced carcass ply or belts 32 used in the production of tires.

Referring to Figs. 2 and 3, there is shown a section of a novel reel support structure 50 for feeding steel monofilaments or cords 52 during the manufacture of ply or belt stock internally reinforced with more than 12 ends per cm (30 ends per inch) of the steel monofilaments or cords 52. The terms ply stock and belt stock are used interchangeably throughout the specification. A plurality of spindles 54 are secured to the reel support structure 50 so as to project outward from opposing sides 56 and 58. On each of the spindles 54, there are three reels 60, 60', and 60'' rotatably mounted with one or more steel monofilaments 52 wound thereabout. As indicated by the arrows, the middle reel 60' rotates in the opposite direction from the other two reels 60 and 60'', disposed on either side thereof. While three reels are preferably mounted on each spindle 54, it is within the terms of the invention to mount two or four reels on each of the spindles.

A braking assembly 61 is provided on each spindle to insure that the monofilaments or cords wound about each reel 60, 60', and 60'' are fed with a uniform tension. The braking assembly 61 includes a spring biased, friction assembly 62 mounted on each spindle 54, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4, is located between each pair of adjacent reels for separation thereof. Each of the friction assemblies 62 includes a pair of circular friction disks 64 and 66 which are typically constructed of friction bronze or reinforced friction pads and are rotatably mounted on spindle 54 and separated from each other by a compression spring 68. Each end of the compression spring 68 is preferably secured to the friction disk against which it abuts by means such as brazing. In addition, individual circular friction disks 69 and 71, typically constructed of friction bronze or reinforced friction pads, are rotatably mounted on each spindle 54 and disposed adjacent the outwardly facing sides of the reels 60 and 60'', respectively.

The braking assembly 61 also includes a retaining means 70 which is secured at the free end 72 of each spindle 54 and abutted against the friction disk 69 to secure the reels 60, 60', 60'' on the spindle to compress the springs 68 so that the friction disks 54 and 66 are in frictional engagement with the side of an adjacent reel and friction disks 69 and 71 are in frictional engagement with the outwardly facing sides of reels 60 and 60'', respectively. The retaining means 70 comprises a lock nut 74 which is cylinder with a hole through the center to enable the nut to mount onto the shaft 54. A threaded hole extending from the outer peripheral surface of the nut 74 to the through hole receives a set screw 76 which is tightened against the spindle 54 to secure the lock nut in place. Preferably, position lines are scribed on each spindle to easily and quickly locate the lock nut at the same location on each of the plurality of spindles. Alternatively, the lock nuts can be positioned flush with the outer end of spindle 54. Retaining means 70 also includes a collar 78 disposed adjacent the inner end thereof which can be integrally constructed with shaft 54. The friction disk 71 is covered between collar 78 and the side wall of reel 60''.

To assemble the reel assembly, the friction disk 71 is first mounted onto the spindle to abut against the collar 78. Then reels 60, 60' and 60'' are mounted on the spindle 54 with friction assemblies 62 interposed therebetween. Next, friction disk 69 is mounted onto the spindle to abut against the reel 60. Finally, lock nut 74 is slid onto the shaft 54, and pressed against friction disk 69 to move the reels towards the first end of the spindle and compress the spring biased friction assemblies 62. The lock nut is secured at a desired position by tightening the set screw 76 against the spindle. The resulting braking force is created by the compression of springs 68 which generates an axial force that presses the brake disks against the opposite sides of the reels. A feature of the invention is that the axial force is independently and equally applied to each of the reels 60, 60',60''. To further insure that the braking force is applied independently and evenly, the middle reel 60' rotates in the opposite direction from the outer reels 60 and 60''. The unique braking assembly, as disclosed, insures that the rotation of each reel is unaffected by the rotation of other reels on the same spindle whereby the wire is fed from each of the reels with a uniform tension. Moreover, since the lock nut can be easily and quickly secured in the same location on each spindle, the wire is fed from each reel on the reel support structure 18 with a uniform tension.

In operation, the reel support structure 18 feeds a plurality of steel monofilaments or cords 52, at a uniform tension, through guide plate 20 to align the steel monofilaments or cords in a predetermined spaced relationship one to the other. Then, the aligned monofilaments or cords are arranged in a horizontal plane by passing them through at least one pair of cylindrical guide rollers 22. It is preferred to pass the monofilaments or cords arranged in a horizontal plane through a second pair of cylindrical guide rollers 24 to insure that the monofilaments or cords maintain the desired location and spacing between each other. Next, the aligned steel monofilaments or cords are covered by rubber or elastomer 28 and 30 and pressed in extruder 26 to form a length of spliceless reinforced ply stock 32 adapted for use in the production of tires. Next, as illustrated in Fig. 5, the spliceless length of ply is cut into a plurality of ply segments 34 which are each moved to a position along-side a prior cut one of the spliceless ply segments. Finally, the two segments are spliced together along-side each other to form a length of spliced reinforced ply stock 40 moving in a direction of travel with the steel monofilaments or cords arranged transverse at any desired angle to the direction of travel of the second length of ply stock. While the monofilaments or cords can be perpendicular to the direction of travel of ply stock, it is within the terms of the invention that the monofilaments or cords be arranged at any desired angle with respect to the direction of travel. The resulting strip of spliced ply stock 40 is typically fed onto a roll 42.

The article of manufacture which results from the method of production, as just described, is a length of spliced ply stock 40 of the same width and substantially the same breaking force as a length of ply reinforced with steel cords manufactured using the prior art apparatus with only a single reel mounted on each spindle of the reel support structure. However, the improve length of spliced ply stock 40 constructed by the invention disclosed herein is reinforced with steel monofilaments or cords having an epi which can be between two and four times greater, and preferably three times greater, than the epi of steel cords used to reinforce the prior art length of ply. The new method of production, as described herein, uses the same system as that used to manufacture the prior art ply reinforced with steel cords except that each of the spindles 54 on the reel support structure 18 is now provided with three reels instead of one reel. Further, a braking assembly is provided which insures that the monofilaments or cords are fed off the reels with a uniform tension. The length of spliced ply cord manufactured by the improved method, as disclosed herein, has several advantages over the length of ply constructed by the prior art method. First, the steel monofilaments or cords used in the improved apparatus are of a smaller diameter than the prior art steel reinforcement cords and therefore the thickness or gauge of the resulting ply stock is less. This means that less rubber or elastomeric material is required and a significant cost savings can be achieved. A second advantage is that the number of splices in a length of spliced ply stock 40 reinforced with steel monofilaments or cords, as disclosed, is less, e.g. one third less, than the number of splices in a length of prior art ply stock reinforced with steel cords. The fewer number of splices reduces the probability of defects and results in a more uniform final product.

It is apparent that there has been provided in accordance with this invention a method for manufacturing a strip of ply stock reinforced with steel monofilaments or cords for use in a tire on a prior art apparatus modified to have a plurality of reels mounted on each spindle of a reel support structure. The article of manufacture, resulting from the method of production and improved apparatus, e.g., a uniform strip of reinforced, spliced ply stock having a higher epi and fewer splices than possible with the prior method and apparatus, satisfies the objects, means and advantages set forth hereinbefore.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Verfahren zum Umhüllen der Stahl-Monofilamente oder -Korde (52) mit Kautschuk bzw. Gummi oder Elastomer für die Herstellung eines Streifens von Kordlagen oder Gürtelmaterial, verstärkt mit Stahl-Monofilamenten oder -Korden und angepaßt für die Verwendung in einem Reifen, mit den Schritten:
    • a) Zufuhr einer Vielzahl der Stahl-Monofilamente oder -Korde von einer Vielzahl von Spulen (60, 60', 60''), die frei drehbar auf Spindeln (54) angebracht sind, die an einem inneren Ende einer Spulentraganordnung (50) befestigt sind, so daß die Vielzahl von Spulen (60, 60', 60'') bewegbar angebracht ist auf jeder der Spindeln in einer axialen Richtung;
    • b) Aufbringen einer unabhängigen axialen Bremskraft auf nach außen gerichtete Seiten einer benachbarten der Vielzahl von Spulen (60, 60', 60''), wobei die Stahl-Monofilamente oder Korde von jeder der Vielzahl von Spulen (60, 60', 60'') mit einer gleichförmigen Spannung zugeführt werden;
    • c) Ausrichten der Stahl-Monofilamente oder -Korde in einer vorbestimmten beabstandeten Lage zueinander;
    • d) Anordnen der Stahl-Monofilamente oder -Korde in einer horizontalen Ebene;
    • e) Bedecken bzw, Umhüllen der Stahl-Monofilamente oder -Korde in einer horizontalen Ebene mit Kautschuk bzw. Gummi oder Elastomer; und
    • f) Pressen der umhüllten Stahl-Monofilamente oder -Korde, um einen Abschnitt von verstärktem, spleißlosen Kordlagen- oder Gürtelmaterial (32) zu bilden, angepaßt für die Verwendung in der Produktion von Reifen.
  2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 mit dem Schritt der Zufuhr der Stahl-Monofilamente oder -Korde (52) von jeder der Spulen (60, 60', 60''), die auf jeder der Spindeln angebracht sind, in entgegengesetzte Richtungen von der einer benachbarten Spule.
  3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2 weiter umfassend die Schritte:
    • Schneiden des Abschnittes von spleißlosem Kordlagen- oder Gürtelmaterial in eine Vielzahl von spleißlosem Kordlagen oder Gürtelmaterialsegmenten;
    • Bewegen eines geschnittenen der geschnittenen spleißlosen Kordlagen- oder Gürtelmaterialsegmente in eine Position längsseits eines zuvor geschnittenen der spleißlosen Kordlagen- oder Gürtematerialsegmente; und
    • Zusammenspleißen der spleißlosen Kordlagen- oder Gürtelmaterialsegmente, die längsseits zueinander positioniert sind, zum Bilden eines Abschnittes von verstärktem gespleißtem Kordlagen- oder Gürtelmaterial, welches in einer Bewegungsrichtung bewegt wird, wobei die Monofilamente oder Korde querliegend angeordnet sind zu der Bewegungsrichtung des Abschnittes von gespleißtem Kordlagen- oder Gürtelmaterial.
  4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 3, bei welchem der Schritt des Ausrichtens der Stahl-Monofilamente oder -Korde (52) in einer vorbestimmten beabstandeten Lage zueinander den Schritt umfaßt, die Stahl-Monofilamente oder - Korde, die von den Spulen (60, 60', 60'') an jeder der Spindeln zugeführt werden durch eine Führungsplatte (20) zu führen.
  5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, bei welchem der Schritt des Anordnens der Vielzahl von Stahl-Monofilamenten oder -Korden (52) in einer horizontalen Ebene den Schritt beinhaltet, die Stahl-Monofilamente oder -Korde nachfolgend zu dem Schritt des Ausrichtens durch ein Paar von zylindrischen Führungsrollen (22) zu führen.
  6. Vorrichtung zur Zufuhr von Draht (52) während der Herstellung von verstärktem Kordlagen- oder Gürtelmaterial, umfassend:
    • eine Spindel (54), die an einem inneren Ende an einer Spulentraganordnung (50) befestigt ist, wobei die Spindel einen Bund (78) der nahe dem inneren Ende gelegen ist, aufweist;
    • einer Vielzahl von Spulen (60, 60', 60'') mit dem Draht um sie herumgewunden, wobei die Spulen (60, 60', 60'') drehbar auf der Spindel angebracht sind;
    • einer ersten Reibscheibe (71), die an der Spindel angebracht ist und gegen den Bund (78) anliegt;
    • eine erste der Vielzahl von Spulen (60'') anliegend gegen die erste Reibscheibe (71);
    • eine oder mehrere federvorgespannte Reibanordnungen (62), die auf der Spindel angebracht und zwischen jeder der Vielzahl von Spulen (60, 60', 60'') angeordnet sind, die benachbart zueinander gelegen sind, zum Aufbringen einer axialen Bremskraft auf jede der Vielzahl von Spulen (60, 60', 60'');
    • einer zweiten Reibscheibe (69), die an der Spindel angebracht ist und gegen eine zweite der Vielzahl von Spulen (60) anliegt, die benachbart zu einem äußeren freien Ende der Spindel angeordnet ist; und
    • einer Rückhalteeinrichtung (70) an dem freien der Spindel, anliegend gegen die zweite Reibscheibe (69) zum Sichern der Vielzahl von Spulen (60, 60', 60'') auf der Spindel und zum Zusammendrücken der einen oder der mehreren federvorgespannten Reibungsanordnungen (62), wobei die axiale Bremskraft unabhängig auf jede der Vielzahl von Spulen (60, 60', 60'') aufgebracht wird und der Draht (52) von jeder der Vielzahl von Spulen (60, 60', 60'') mit einer gleichförmigen Spannung zugeführt wird.
  7. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 6 weiter umfassend eine dritte der Vielzahl von Spulen (60'), die auf der Spindel zwischen der ersten (60'') und zweiten (60) der Vielzahl von Spulen (60, 60', 60'') angebracht ist.
  8. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 6 oder 7, bei welcher jede der einen oder mehreren federvorgespannten Reibanordnungen (62) ein Paar von Reibscheiben (64, 66) umfaßt, die drehbar auf der Spindel getragen werden und durch eine Feder (68) getrennt werden.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A method of covering the steel monofilaments or cords (52) with rubber or elastomer for the manufacture of a strip of ply or belt stock reinforced with steel monofilaments or cords adapted for use in a tire, comprising the steps of:
    • a. feeding a plurality of said steel monofilaments or cords from a plurality of reels (60, 60', 60'') freely rotatably mounted on spindles (54) secured at an inner end to a reel support structure (50) so that said plurality of said reels (60, 60', 60'') are movably mounted on each of said spindles in an axial direction;
    • b. applying an independent axial braking force to outwardly facing sides of an adjacent one of said plurality of reels (60,60',60'') whereby said steel monofilaments or cords are fed from each of said plurality of reels (60, 60', 60'') at a uniform tension;
    • c. aligning said steel monofilaments or cords in a predetermined spaced relationship one to another;
    • d. arranging said steel monofilaments or cords in a horizontal plane;
    • e. covering said steel monofilaments or cords in a horizontal plane with rubber or elastomer; and
    • f. pressing said covered steel monofilaments or cords to form a length of reinforced spliceless ply or belt stock (32) adapted for use in the production of tires.
  2. The method as defined in claim 1 including the step of feeding said steel monofilaments or cords (52) from each of said reels (60, 60' 60'') mounted on each of said spindles in opposite directions from that of an adjacent reel.
  3. The method as defined in any of claims 1 and 2 further including the steps of:
    • cutting said length of spliceless ply or belt stock into a plurality of spliceless ply or belt stock segments;
    • moving a cut one of said cut spliceless ply or belt stock segments to a position along-side a prior cut one of said spliceless ply or belt stock segments; and
    • splicing together said spliceless ply or belt stock segments positioned along-side each other to form a length of reinforced spliced ply or belt stock moving in a direction of travel whereby said monofilaments or cords are arranged transverse to the direction of travel of said length of spliced ply or belt stock.
  4. The method as defined in claim 3 wherein said step of aligning said steel monofilaments or cords (52) in a predetermined spaced relationship one to the other includes the step of passing said steel monofilaments or cords fed from said reels (60, 60' 60'') on each of said spindles through a guide plate (20).
  5. The method as defined in claim 4 wherein said step of arranging said plurality of steel monofilaments or cords (52) in a horizontal plane includes the step of passing said steel monofilaments or cords, subsequent to said step of aligning, through a pair of cylindrical guide rollers (22).
  6. An apparatus for feeding wire (52) during the manufacture of reinforced ply or belt stock, including:
    • a spindle (54) secured at an inner end to a reel support structure (50), said spindle having a collar (78) located near said inner end;
    • a plurality of reels (60, 60' 60'') having said wire wound thereabout, said reels (60, 60' 60'') being rotatably mounted on said spindle;
    • a first friction disk (71) mounted on said spindle and abutted against said collar (78);
    • a first of said plurality of reels (60'') abutted against said first friction disk (71);
    • one or more spring biased friction assemblies (62) mounted on said spindle and disposed between each of said plurality of reels (60, 60' 60'') located adjacent to each other for applying an axial braking force to each of said plurality of reels (60, 60' 60'');
    • a second friction disk (69) mounted on said spindle and abutted against a second of said plurality of reels (60) located adjacent an outer free end of said spindle; and
    • a retaining device (70) at said free end of said spindle abutting against said second friction disk (69) for securing said plurality of reels (60, 60' 60'') on said spindle and compressing said one or more spring biased friction assemblies (62) whereby said axial braking force is applied independently to each of said plurality of reels (60, 60' 60'') and said wire (52) is fed from each of said plurality of reels (60, 60' 60'') with a uniform tension.
  7. The apparatus of claim 6 further including a third of said plurality of reels (60') mounted on said spindle between said first (60'') and second (60) of said plurality of reels (60, 60' 60'').
  8. The apparatus of claims 6 and 7 wherein each of said one or more spring biased friction assemblies (62) includes a pair of friction disks (64,66) rotatably carried on said spindle and separated by a spring (68).
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Procédé de recouvrement des monofilaments ou des câblés (52) en acier avec du caoutchouc ou un élastomère pour la fabrication d'un ruban d'une matière de nappe ou de ceinture renforcée avec des monofilaments ou des câblés en acier conçus pour être utilisés dans un bandage pneumatique, comprenant les étapes consistant à:
    • a. alimenter plusieurs desdits monofilaments ou câblés en acier à partir de plusieurs bobines (60, 60', 60'') montées en rotation libre sur des broches (54) fixées, à leur extrémité interne, à une structure de support de bobines (50) de façon à monter lesdites plusieurs bobines (60, 60', 60'') en mobilité sur chacune desdites broches en direction axiale;
    • b. appliquer une force de freinage axial indépendante sur les côtés orientés vers l'extérieur d'une bobine adjacente desdites plusieurs bobines (60, 60', 60''), si bien que lesdits monofilaments ou câblés en acier sont alimentés à partir de chacune desdites plusieurs bobines (60, 60', 60'') en étant soumis à une tension uniforme;
    • c. disposer lesdits monofilaments ou lesdits câblés en acier en alignement dans une relation d'écartement prédéterminé l'un par rapport à l'autre;
    • d. arranger lesdits monofilaments ou lesdits câblés en acier dans un plan horizontal;
    • e. recouvrir lesdits monofilaments ou lesdits câblés en acier dans un plan horizontal avec du caoutchouc ou un élastomère; et
    • f. presser lesdits monofilaments ou lesdits câblés en acier à l'état recouvert pour former une longueur d'une matière de nappe ou de ceinture (32) à l'état renforcé et exempte d'épissure, conçue pour être utilisée dans la confection de bandages pneumatiques.
  2. Procédé tel que défini à la revendication 1, englobant l'étape consistant à dévider lesdits monofilaments ou lesdits câblés en acier (52) à partir de chacune desdites bobines (60, 60', 60'') montées sur chacune desdites broches, dans des directions opposées à celle d'une bobine adjacente
  3. Procédé tel que défini dans l'une quelconque des revendications 1 et 2, englobant en outre les étapes consistant à:
    • découper ladite longueur de matière de nappe ou de ceinture exempte d'épissure en plusieurs segments de matière de nappe ou de ceinture exempts d'épissures;
    • déplacer un desdits segments découpés de matière de nappe ou de ceinture exempts d'épissures dans une position côte à côte avec un desdits segments de matière de nappe ou de ceinture exempts d'épissures, découpés antérieurement; et
    • joindre par épissure lesdits segments de matière de nappe ou de ceinture exempts d'épissures, dans une position mutuellement côte à côte pour former une longueur de matière de nappe ou de ceinture à l'état renforcé et jointe par épissure, se déplaçant dans une direction de défilement, par lequel lesdits monofilaments ou lesdits câblés sont arrangés transversalement par rapport à la direction de défilement de ladite longueur de matière de nappe ou de ceinture jointe par épissure.
  4. Procédé tel que défini à la revendication 3, dans lequel ladite étape de mise en alignement desdits monofilaments ou desdits câblés en acier (52) dans une relation d'écartement prédéterminé les uns par rapport aux autres englobe l'étape consistant à faire passer lesdits monofilaments ou lesdits câblés en acier dévidés desdites bobines (60, 60', 60'') sur chacune desdites broches via une plaque de guidage (20).
  5. Procédé tel que défini à la revendication 4, dans lequel ladite étape consistant à arranger lesdits plusieurs monofilaments ou câblés en acier (52) dans un plan horizontal englobe l'étape consistant à faire passer lesdits monofilaments ou lesdits câblés en acier, après ladite étape de mise en alignement, à travers une paire de rouleaux de guidage cylindriques (22).
  6. Appareil pour dévider un fil métallique (52) au cours de la fabrication d'une matière de nappe ou de ceinture à l'état renforcé, englobant:
    • une broche (54) fixée, à son extrémité interne, à une structure de support de bobines (50), ladite broche possédant un collet (78) situé à proximité de ladite extrémité interne;
    • plusieurs bobines (60, 60', 60'') autour desquelles est enroulé ledit fil métallique, lesdites bobines (60, 60', 60'') étant montées en rotation sur ladite broche;
    • un premier disque de friction (71) monté sur ladite broche et venant buter contre ledit collet (78);
    • une première bobine (60'') parmi lesdites plusieurs bobines venant buter contre ledit premier disque de friction (71);
    • un ou plusieurs assemblages de friction (62) mis en état de précontrainte par ressort, montés sur lesdites broches et disposés entre chacune desdites plusieurs bobines (60, 60', 60'') disposées en position mutuellement adjacente pour exercer une force de freinage axial sur chacune desdites plusieurs bobines (60, 60', 60'');
    • un second disque de friction (69) monté sur ladite bobine et venant buter contre une deuxième bobine (60) parmi lesdites plusieurs bobines, située en position adjacente à l'extrémité libre externe de ladite broche; et
    • un dispositif de retenue (70) à ladite extrémité libre de ladite broche, venant buter contre ledit second disque de friction (69) pour fixer lesdites plusieurs bobines (60, 60', 60'') sur ladite broche et comprimant lesdits un ou plusieurs assemblages de friction (62) mis en état de précontrainte par ressort, par lequel ladite force de freinage axial s'exerce de manière indépendante sur chacune desdites plusieurs bobines (60, 60', 60'') et ledit fil métallique (52) est dévidé de chacune desdites plusieurs bobines (60, 60', 60'') en étant soumis à une tension uniforme.
  7. Appareil selon la revendication 6, englobant en outre une troisième bobine (60') parmi lesdites plusieurs bobines, montée sur ladite broche entre ladite première bobine (60'') et ladite deuxième bobine (60) parmi lesdites plusieurs bobines (60, 60', 60'').
  8. Appareil selon les revendications 6 et 7, dans lequel ledit ou chacun desdits assemblages de friction (62) mis en état de précontrainte par ressort englobe une paire de disques de friction (64, 66) portés en rotation sur ladite broche et séparés par un ressort (68).






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