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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0515543 25.11.1999
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0515543
Titel STRICKGEWEBE MIT STRECK- UND ISOLIERENDEN EIGENSCHAFTEN UND VERWANDTE KLEIDUNGSARTIKEL
Anmelder Howe, Philip M., Boston, Mass., US;
Howe, Eleanor J, Arlington, Mass., US
Erfinder Howe, Philip M., Boston, Mass., US;
Howe, Eleanor J, Arlington, Mass., US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69131727
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 04.02.1991
EP-Aktenzeichen 919051466
WO-Anmeldetag 04.02.1991
PCT-Aktenzeichen US9100744
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 9112129
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 22.08.1991
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 02.12.1992
EP date of grant 20.10.1999
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 25.11.1999
IPC-Hauptklasse B32B 5/04
IPC-Nebenklasse A41D 31/02   

Beschreibung[en]

The invention relates to knit fabrics and articles of clothing made from them.

Knit fabrics are made by intertwining yarn or thread in a series of connected loops. Knit fabrics have been made of wool, cotton, acrylic, other manmade fabrics and varying combinations of these materials. Knit fabrics are soft and flexible, have the ability to retain warmth, have a comfortable texture and feel and a desirable aesthetic appearance. Knit fabrics can be created in virtually every color, shade and mixture and cover a broad range of prices. Knit fabrics, however, are porous and offer little protection against wind, which penetrates the knit fabric to the wearer, even when tightly knit.

EP-A-0313261 discloses a weather-resistant windproof lined garment which has an outer layer comprising a stretchable knit or woven textile and an inner stretchable layer which is made up of a porous hydrophobic polymer layer coated with a hydrophilic polymer layer which in turn is coated with an elastomeric textile layer.

In one aspect, our invention features in general a knit fabric material having two outer layers of knit fabric and an intermediate layer of a spandex material between the knit fabric layers, the spandex material being a woven material having sufficiently dense threads and a sufficiently high number of threads per unit area to effectively block the flow of air through the material to an extent that air flow is not significantly perceived by a wearer of the material, said threads being a stretchable yarn having a stretchable core and staple fibres around the core. The outer knit layers provide the warmth, feel and appearance of knits, and the intermediate layer provides windbreak properties. Because the intermediate material is flexible, it flexes with the knit fabrics. Because it is hidden from view, the material, and articles made from it, appear to be traditional knits.

In preferred embodiments, the intermediate layer is stitched to one or both outer layers by criss-crossing stitches across the areas of the layers and the outer knit fabrics are made of wool, acrylic, cotton or blends of these fibers.

The material can very desirably be employed in knit hats, jackets, sweaters, gloves, scarves and many other articles of clothing. Accordingly, articles of clothing comprising a piece of knit fabric material as described above form another aspect of the invention.

Other features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description of a preferred embodiment thereof and from the claims.

A preferred embodiment of the invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:-

  • Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a hat and a removable headband made according to the invention;
  • Fig. 2 is a plan view, with layers shown partially separated, of the Fig. 1 removable headband;
  • Fig. 3 is a perspective view of an alternative, most-preferred, headband structure; and
  • Fig. 4 is a plan view of a material according to the invention having additional stitching.

The improved knit fabric with stretch and insulative properties can be employed in many articles of clothing, such as hats, jackets, sweaters, etc., and is shown used in the headband of Figs. 1-3 only by way of example.

Referring to Figs. 1, 2 and 3, hat 10 has removable headband 12 attached via Velcro hook fastener strips 14 adhesively secured near the upper edge of headband 12 and mating Velcro loop fastener strips 16 adhesively secured near the lower edge of the inside of hat 10.

Headband 12 is attached to the hat by pressing the Velcro patches on the headband against the Velcro patches inside the hat. The headband, when not in use, can either be removed from the hat or folded up into the hat. The advantages of headband 12 are many. It turns any hat, man's or woman's, into a warm winter hat. It is interchangeable by using more than one headband with a particular hat or by using different headbands interchangeably with different hats. Lastly, when not in use, the headband is easily removed.

Referring to Fig. 3, alternative headband 32 forms a continuous loop having a small-width forehead portion 34 and a large-width ear and back portion 36 in order to effectively cover the exposed areas of the wearer.

Referring to Fig. 2, headband 12 is made of outer knit layers 18, 20 and intermediate layer 22 of a spandex material. Layers 18, 20 and 22 are stitched to each other along their bottom edges at folded over portions 24, 26 and 28, respectively, via stitches that are hidden in completed headband 12. Outer knit layers 18, 20 are folded over at the top edges and attached to each other and intermediate layer 22 via stitches 30. Intermediate layer 22 extends upward beyond stitches 30 and carries fastener strips 14 on extended portion 32. Because only the relatively thin intermediate layer (and not the outer layers) overlies the hat in use, the extra thickness inside the hat is desirably kept to a small amount.

Knit layers 18, 20 can be made of virtually any size or type of yarn such as wool, acrylic, cotton or blends thereof. Intermediate layer 22 is made of a spandex material (e.g., material available under the Lycra trade designation from DuPont). Spandex yarns have the property of stretching five to seven times the lengths of their relaxed states without breaking. The yarns have a spandex core (which could be as little as 5 to 15 percent of the entire yarn) with a layer of any staple fiber spun around the core as it is held under a predetermined amount of tension. When the fiber is relaxed after spinning, the spandex core returns to its normal length, which pulls the outer layer of spun fibers into a more compact formatter. Since the core is enclosed in the layer of staple fibers, the yarn takes on the feel and appearance of the staple fibers. Such yarns are described in Potter, M.David, and Corbman, Bernard P., Textile: Fiber to Fabric, 4th Edition (McGraw-Hill Book Company 1967), particularly pages 12-13, 56 and 399-410. Spandex is also available from other sources, e.g., under the Blue C designation from the Chemstrand Division of Monsanto, under the Glospan trade designation from Globe Manufacturing Company of Fall River, MA, under the Numa trade designation from the American Cyanamid company, and under the Vyrene and Lastex trade designations from U.S. Rubber Company. Spandex materials are commercially available in different thicknesses; depending upon the particular use of the material, an appropriate spandex can be employed to provide more or less flexibility and the required resistance to wind penetration. These spandex materials are woven materials having sufficiently dense threads and a sufficiently high number of threads per unit area to effectively block the flow of air through them to an extent that air flow is not significantly perceived by the wearer. The materials also are sufficiently flexible so as to not inhibit flexing of the knit layers and to flex with them. In addition, the materials are thin, lightweight and washable. Nonwoven sheet materials could also be used for layer 22 so long as the materials effectively block flow of air and have sufficient flexibility, both as just described.

The resulting composite material of layer 22 looks like a knit fabric, flexes like a knit fabric, has the luxuriant softness of a knit fabric, has the warmth of a knit fabric and, in addition, breaks the wind in a manner in which knit fabrics do not. Thus, the quality of wind resistance is provided to a knit fabric without any alteration or loss of desirable features of the knit fabric in the resulting knit fabric material. Moreover, the spandex material provides a great amount of insulation while adding little cost to the cost of material; e.g., when used with acrylic knits, it makes the material much warmer than the much more expensive wool material usually employed to provide high levels of warmth. The use of stitching to secure the layers of the knit fabric material together has associated with it a minimum area of adhesion of one fabric to another, keeping cost low and permitting the layers to form insulation, and keeping manufacture simple. This enhances the soft look as well as the quality of retaining body heat in the layers of air between the layers of fabric. Articles of clothing made from the knit fabric material according to the invention have better insulation than traditional knits, and can, e.g., limit the caking of snow on knit hats owing to initial melting and subsequent freezing. The use of flexible material for the windbreak layer avoids tearing that would occur if a nonflexible layer were secured to a flexible outer layer.

When incorporated in clothing, the top and bottom layers of knit are joined when the fabric is sewn into a garment by the seams of the garment. There can be additional stitching across surface areas of the material. E.g., referring to Fig. 4, knit fabric material 40 has criss-cross stitching across all three layers of the material instead of just edge stitching. This would desirably be employed in clothing having large fabric surface areas such as sweaters or jackets or fabric blankets made of the material.

Other embodiments are within the scope of the following claims. The knit fabric material of the invention could be used in virtually any clothing where the knit fabric look, warmth and feel is desired along with windbreak properties, e.g., knit hats, gloves, jackets, sweaters, jacket collars and cuffs, scarves, children's clothes, socks, blankets, dresses, and women's suits and skirts.

In some applications, it might be desirable to stitch the intermediate layer to one knit fabric layer but not the other knit fabric layer. The two outer layers of knit fabric could be of different material; e.g., the exposed outer layer could have ribbing and be made of larger-size thread or yarn to provide a desired appearance, and the outer layer that is against the wearer in use might be smoother and made of smaller-sized thread or yarn for ease in putting on the clothing.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Maschenwarenmaterial, umfassend zwei äußere Schichten aus Maschenware und eine Zwischenschicht aus einem Elastomermaterial zwischen den genannten Schichten aus Maschenware, wobei das genannte Elastomermaterial ein gewebtes Material mit ausreichend dichten Fäden und einer ausreichend hohen Anzahl von Fäden pro Flächeneinheit hat, um den Strom von Luft durch das Material in einem solchen Ausmaß wirksam zu sperren, daß Luftstrom für den Träger des Materials nicht signifikant spürbar ist, wobei die genannten Fäden ein dehnbares Garn sind, das einen dehnbaren Kern und Stapelfasern um den Kern hat.
  2. Material nach Anspruch 1, bei dem die genannte Zwischenschicht auf die genannten beiden äußeren Schichten aufgenäht ist.
  3. Material nach Anspruch 2, bei dem das genannte Zwischenmaterial mit Stichen über Oberflächenbereiche der Schichten auf eine der genannten Außenschichten aufgenäht ist.
  4. Material nach Anspruch 3, bei dem das genannte Zwischenmaterial mit Stichen über die genannten Oberflächenbereiche der Schichten auf beide genannten äußeren Schichten aufgenäht ist.
  5. Material nach Anspruch 4, bei dem die genannte Zwischenschicht mit Kreuzstichen aufgenäht ist.
  6. Material nach Anspruch 1, bei dem die Maschenware aus Wolle oder Baumwolle besteht.
  7. Bekleidungsartikel, umfassend ein Stück Maschenwarenmaterial nach einem der vorherigen Ansprüche.
  8. Artikel nach Anspruch 7, wobei der genannte Artikel ein Kopfband mit Befestigungsmitteln in der Nähe seines oberen Randes ist, so ausgestaltet, daß Befestigungsmittel an einem Hut angebracht werden können.
  9. Artikel nach Anspruch 8, bei dem die genannten Befestigungsmittel Klettverschlüsse sind.
  10. Artikel nach Anspruch 7, wobei der genannte Artikel ein Pullover oder eine Jacke, ein Strickhut, ein Handschuh oder ein Fausthandschuh oder ein Schal ist.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A knit fabric material comprising two outer layers of knit fabric, and an intermediate layer of a spandex material between said layers of knit fabric, said spandex material being a woven material having sufficiently dense threads and a sufficiently high number of threads per unit area to effectively block the flow of air through the material to an extent that air flow is not significantly perceived by a wearer of the material, said threads being a stretchable yarn having a stretchable core and staple fibres around the core.
  2. The material of claim 1 wherein said intermediate layer is stitched to said two outer layers.
  3. The material of claim 2 wherein said intermediate material is stitched to one said outer layer by stitches across surface areas of the layers.
  4. The material of claim 3 wherein said intermediate material is stitched to both said outer layers by stitches across said surface areas of the layers.
  5. The material of claim 4 wherein said intermediate layer is stitched via criss-crossing stitches.
  6. The material of claim 1 wherein the knit fabric is made of wool or cotton.
  7. An article of clothing comprising a piece of knit fabric material according to any preceding claim.
  8. The article of Claim 7 wherein said article is a headband having fasteners near an upper edge thereof adapted to engage fasteners on a hat.
  9. The article of claim 8 wherein said fasteners are Velcro type fasteners.
  10. The article of claim 7 wherein said article is a sweater or jacket,a knit hat, a glove or mitten, or a scarf.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Une étoffe en tissu à mailles englobant deux couches extérieures de tissu à mailles et une couche intermédiaire d'un tissu en spandex entre lesdites couches de tissu à mailles, ledit spandex étant une étoffe tissée qui a des fils suffisamment denses et un nombre de fils suffisamment élevé par unité de surface pour bloquer efficacement la circulation de l'air à travers l'étoffe jusqu'au point où la circulation d'air n'est pas perçue significativement par un porteur de l'étoffe, lesdits fils étant en un fil élastifié à âme élastifiée avec des bourres non travaillées autour de l'âme.
  2. L'étoffe de la revendication 1, dans laquelle ladite couche intermédiaire est cousue auxdites deux couches extérieures.
  3. L'étoffe de la revendication 2, dans laquelle ladite étoffe intermédiaire est cousue sur l'une desdites couches extérieures par des points en travers de la surface des couches.
  4. L'étoffe de la revendication 3, dans laquelle ladite étoffe intermédiaire est cousue auxdites deux couches extérieures par des points en travers de ladite surface des couches.
  5. L'étoffe de la revendication 4, dans laquelle ladite couche intermédiaire est cousue au moyen de mailles qui se croisent.
  6. L'étoffe de la revendication 1, dans laquelle le tissu à mailles est réalisé en laine ou en coton.
  7. Un article d'habillement qui englobe un morceau de tissu à mailles conforme à l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes.
  8. L'article de la revendication 7, ledit article étant un bandeau ayant des fixations à proximité de l'un de ses bords supérieurs, fixations adaptées pour se mettre en prise avec des fixations sur un chapeau.
  9. L'article de la revendication 8, lesdites fixations étant des fixations du type en Velcro.
  10. L'article de la revendication 7, ledit article étant un pull-over ou un chandail, un bonnet tricoté, un gant ou une mitaine, ou une écharpe.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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