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Platteneinheit - Dokument EP0814477
 
PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0814477 09.03.2000
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0814477
Titel Platteneinheit
Anmelder Mitsumi Electric Co., Ltd., Chofu, Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder Aso, Hiroshi, 1601, Kanagawa, JP;
Kuroiwa, Kouichi, Sano-shi, Tochigi, JP;
Nakayama, Seiji, 1601, Kanagawa, JP;
Nakamura, Mitsunori, 1601, Kanagawa, JP;
Tooi, Shuichi, Sano-shi, Tochigi, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69701242
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, IT, NL
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 20.06.1997
EP-Aktenzeichen 971101498
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 29.12.1997
EP date of grant 02.02.2000
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 09.03.2000
IPC-Hauptklasse G11B 33/08
IPC-Nebenklasse G11B 33/02   

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a disc drive for playing back or recording and playing back an optical disc.

Description of the Prior Art

One example of a disc drive for playing back an optical disc such as a CD-ROM or the like is disclosed in Japanese Utility Model Application No. HEI-5-69414. Fig. 1 is an exploded perspective view of the structure of the disc drive disclosed in the Utility Model application.

As shown in this drawing, a disc drive 1B is constructed from a main body 2B, a disc tray 4 which moves backwards and forwards with respect to the main body 2B to enable the disc tray 4 to be insertable into and ejectable out of the main body 2B, a circuit substrate assembly 12B arranged at a lower portion of the main body 2B, and a casing 10B which houses all these elements.

The casing 10B is constructed from a bottom plate 11 and a case 14 which covers the top of the main body 2B. The bottom plate 11 and the case 14 are made from metal plates which have undergone cutting and bending processes to form a desired shape.

The case 14 is constructed from a top plate 14a, side walls 14b, 14c which face each other through the main body 2B, a rear wall 14d which connects the rear vertical edges of the side walls 14b, 14c, and a front plate portion 14e at the front thereof.

Provided on the bottom surface (inside surface) of the top plate 14a is a disc clamper 38 which is adapted to rotate about the same axis as that of a turntable 26 (described below).

Formed in the front plate 14e of the case 14 is an aperture 14 which allows the disc tray 4 to be passed therethrough. A front panel 16 having an aperture 16a which is mated with the aperture 141 is mounted on the front plate 14e via a cushioning member frame 15.

The main body 2 includes a roughly container-shaped chassis 20 which is provided with a mechanism unit 22 and a displacement mechanism (ascending/descending mechanism) 30. The mechanism unit 22 is arranged within a concave portion formed in the bottom portion 20a of the chassis 20, and the displacement mechanism 30 is arranged in the front side thereof.

The main body 2 is fixed to the bottom plate 11 and the case 14 by means of screws 17.

The mechanism unit 22 includes a base 23 which is provided with a spindle motor 25, a turntable 26 which is provided on a rotation axle of the spindle motor 25, an optical head 27, and an optical head moving mechanism 28.

Further, a rear end portion (toward the back of the main body 2) of the base 23 is supported by an insulator 29 to enable the base 23 to be freely pivotal with respect to the chassis 20.

The displacement mechanism 30 is constructed from a motor 31 provided at a front portion of the chassis 20, a rotational speed reduction mechanism 32 for reducing the rotational speed of the motor 31, a cam wheel (ascending/descending gear member) 33 which is rotated by the rotational speed reduction mechanism 32, and a base ascending/descending member (not shown in the drawing) which is adapted to be displaced (rotated) in accordance with the rotation of the cam wheel 33.

The cam wheel 33 includes a lower gear 33a which meshes with a pinion gear of the rotational speed reduction mechanism 32, and an upper gear 33b which meshes with a rack gear (not shown in the drawing) formed on the bottom surface of the disc tray 4 in the forward and backward direction thereof. Further, a circumferential cam groove is formed in the outer circumference of the axle portion between the gears 33a and 33b. This cam groove is slidably engaged with a protruding follower (not shown in the drawing) formed on the base ascending/descending member. Consequently, as the cam wheel is rotated, the follower and the base ascending/descending member are displaced, and this causes the base 23 to pivot; namely, the front portion of the base 23 is moved up or down.

The disc tray 4 includes a shallow concave disc supporting portion 4a for supporting an optical disc 3. On the bottom surface of the disc tray 4, there is is formed a rack gear (not shown in the drawing) which meshes with the upper gear 33b of the cam wheel 33. Consequently, as the cam wheel 33 is rotated, the disk tray 4 is moved forward or backward with respect to the chassis 20 between a disc unloading position (outside position) and a disc loaded position (inside position).

When the disc drive 1B is not in use, the disc tray 4 is housed within the casing 10B (at the disk loaded position). In this state, if an eject operation is carried out, the motor 31 is rotated in a prescribed direction, whereby the cam wheel 33 is rotated in a prescribed direction via the rotational speed reduction mechanism 32. This rotation of the cam wheel 33 causes the disc tray 4 to move forward so that the disc tray 4 protrudes to a position (the disc unloading position) outside the casing 10B through the apertures 141, 16a.

In this state, a disc 3 is loaded or put into the disc supporting portion 4a of the disc tray 4, and a loading operation is carried out, whereby the motor 31 is rotated in the opposite direction. This causes the cam wheel 33 to rotate in the opposite direction via the rotational speed reduction mechanism 32. Consequently, the disc tray 4 is moved backwardly, through the apertures 141, 16a, to the disc loaded position. In this way, the loaded optical disc 3 which is placed at a prescribed position on the disc tray 4, that is placed in the disc supporting portion of the disc tray 4 is also transported to the disc loaded position of the main body 2B.

Further, when the cam wheel 33 begins to rotate in the opposite direction, the follower of the base ascending/descending member moves along the cam groove. When the center of the disc 3 supported on the disc tray 4 approaches the central portion of the turntable 26 according to the rotation of the cam wheel 33, the follower and the base ascending/descending member are displaced by the cam wheel 33 so that the front portion of the base 23 pivots about the position of the insulator 29 to displace the front portion of the base 23 from a lower position (descending position) to an upper position (ascending position), whereby the base 23 is placed in a roughly horizontal state.

In this way, the center portion (center hub portion) of the turntable 26 is fitted into a center hole 3a of the optical disc 3. When the center portion of the optical disc is supported on the turntable 26 in this way, the disc clamper 38 is magnetically stuck to the turntable 26, thereby the optical disc 3 being held between the turntable 26 and the disc clamp 38. In this state, the spindle motor 25 is operated to rotate the optical disc 3 at a predetermined rotational speed, and then the information recorded on the optical disc 3 is played back using the optical head 27.

If an eject operation is carried out while the rotation of the optical disc 3 is stopped, the order and direction of the operations of each mechanism of the disc drive 1B are carried out in reverse, so that the clamp of the disc 3 is released and then the optical disc 3 placed on the disc tray 4 is ejected.

In recent years, in the field of the disc drives like the disc drive 1B described above, developments are made in order to increase a rotational speed of an optical disc. As a result, disc drives which can rotate an optical disc 3 at high speeds, such as 8 times speed, 12 times speed and the like are developed, but this in turn arises the following problems.

The allowable dimensional error range of the optical disc 3 is determined according to a standard, however such standard was prepared based on the basic rotational speed of the optical disc 3, that is 1 times speed. For this reason, when such an optical disc 3 is driven at a high speed (i.e., a speed which exceeds 1 times speed), vibration is likely to occur due to eccentric rotation caused by the dimensional deviation of the disc and the unbalanced distribution of mass of the optical disc 3 which lie in the range allowed by the standard. Further, more severe vibration will occur in the case where the optical disc 3 was not manufactured according to the standard (i.e., an inferior product).

Further, this type of vibration will also occur if the axes of the optical disc 3 and the turntable 26 are misaligned (i.e., eccentrical).

Unfortunately, an effective countermeasure for suppressing such vibration has not been adopted in such a prior art disc drive 1B described above. In particular, because the main body 2B is fixed to the metal bottom plate 11 and the metal case 14 by means of the screws 17, as described above, vibrations caused by eccentric rotation of the optical disc 3 or the like are easily transmitted from the main body 2B to the metal casing 10B, which causes the casing 10B to resonate and thereby generate noise.

Also, in the case where the disc drive is installed in a personal computer, such vibrations are also transmitted to the personal computer body, thereby creating unfavorable effects to the personal computer. Further, in the other direction, vibrations from the personal computer are also transmitted to the disc drive.

In order to prevent such vibration and noise from being generated, it may be possible to adopt a structure in which a plurality of coil springs are arranged between the lower plate 11 and the main body 2B so that the main body 2B are supported by such coil springs to absorb vibrations, but this in turn creates the following problems.

Namely, although the above-described structure is suited for absorbing vibration in the vertical direction (i.e., the rotational axial direction of the optical disc), most of the vibrations which are generated in the main body 2 occur in the horizontal direction (i.e., the radial direction of the optical disc) because they are caused by the eccentric rotation of the optical disc 3. Therefore, it is not possible to obtain a sufficient vibration absorbing (damping) and noise preventing effects (damping effect). Also, such damping effect is affected by the posture of the disc drive, namely affected by the posture of the PC equipped with the disc drive whether it is placed horizontally or vertically.

Further, because the coil springs in the above structure are provided in the lower portion of the main body 2B, it is not possible to make effective use of the space of such portion.

Furthermore, because the vibration absorbing coil springs need to be fixed from the rear side of the bottom plate 11 with screws, number of parts are increased.

US-A-5 400 196 discloses vibration absorbing means mounted between a casing and a main body preventing the transmission of vibrations due to the rotation of the disc to the casing.

In addition, as stated in the above, the vibration described above is transmitted from the main body 2B to the metal casing 10B (bottom plate 11 and case 14), thereby causing the casing 10B to resonate and generate noise. Such noise is generated due to the reason stated below.

Namely, in the construction of the prior art disc drive, the lower edges of the side walls 14b, 14c and the rear wall 14d of the case 14 are in abutment with the inner surface of the bottom plate 11 directly. However, the lower edges of the side walls 14b, 14c and the rear wall 14d of the case 14 have lower linear precision, since they are formed by carrying out a shearing process on a metal plate using a press machine or the like and no later shape correction such as a precision process or the like is carried out. Therefore, there are many irregularities on the edges and the linear precision of the edges is bad. For this reason, when the case 14 and the bottom plate 11 are assembled, even when these elements are tightly fixed using screw fasteners, the connection between the bottom plate 11 and each lower edge of the side walls 14b, 14c and rear wall 14d is unstable.

In such an unstable connected state, when vibration is transmitted to the casing 10B as described above due to high speed rotation, a rattling is created between the case 14 and the bottom plate 11, thus generating an even greater amount of noise.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

In view of the problems described above, it is an object of the present invention to provide a disc drive which can suppress/prevent vibrations and noise due to eccentric disc rotation or the like.

In order to achieve the object state above, the invention is a disc drive as claimed in claims 1 to 17.

With the structure of claim 1, it is possible to suppress any noise which would be created by vibrations caused by the rotation of the disc. Further, with the structure of claim 9, it is possible to suppress vibrations caused by the rotation of the disc from being transmitted from the main body to the casing. Further, the structure of claim 9 is also effective at suppressing the transmission of vibrations from the casing to the outside of the disc drive. Consequently, the present invention is suited for disc drives in which a disc is rotated with high speed and therefore vibrations and noise are likely to be generated.

Other objects, structures and advantages of the present invention will be apparent when the following description of the preferred embodiments are considered taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • Fig. 1 is an exploded perspective view showing the structure of the prior art disc drive;
  • Fig. 2 is an exploded perspective view of an embodiment of a disc drive according to the present invention;
  • Fig. 3 is a planar view of a main body of the disc drive shown in Fig. 2;
  • Fig. 4 is another planar view of the main body of the disc drive shown in Fig. 2;
  • Fig. 5 is a bottom view of the main body of the disc drive shown in Fig. 2;
  • Fig. 6 is a bottom view showing the structure of the rear surface of a disc tray in the disc drive shown in Fig. 2;
  • Fig. 7 is a rear view showing the structure of a displacement mechanism in the disc drive shown in Fig. 2;
  • Fig. 8 is another rear view showing the structure of the displacement mechanism in the disc drive shown in Fig. 2;
  • Fig. 9 is a perspective view of a side plate which form a casing; and
  • Fig. 10 is a vertical cross-sectional view showing an example structure of a vibration-absorbing member.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

With reference to the appended drawings, a detailed description of the preferred embodiments of a disc drive according to the present invention will now be described.

Fig. 2 is an exploded perspective view of an embodiment of disc drive according to the present invention; Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 are planar views of a main body of the disc drive shown in Fig. 2; Fig. 5 is a bottom view of the main body of the disc drive shown in Fig. 2; Fig. 6 is a bottom view showing the structure of the rear surface of a disc tray in the disc drive shown in Fig. 2; Fig. 7 and Fig. 8 are rear views showing the structure of a displacement mechanism in the disc drive shown in Fig. 2; Fig. 9 is a perspective view of side plates which form a casing; and Fig. 10 is a vertical cross-sectional view showing an example structure of a vibration-absorbing member.

As shown in Fig. 2, a disc drive 1A of the present invention is an apparatus for at least playing back an optical disc 3, such as a CD-ROM, audio CD or the like. The disc drive is roughly constructed from a main body 2, a disc tray 4 for transporting an optical disc 3, in which the disc tray 4 is adapted to move forwards and backwards (horizontally) with respect to the main body 2 so as to be insertable into and ejectable out of the main body 2, a circuit substrate assembly (not shown in the drawing) which is arranged at a lower portion of the main body 2, and a casing 10 which houses all these elements.

The main body 2 includes a roughly container-shaped chassis 40. The chassis 40 is constructed from a roughly plate-shaped rectangular bottom portion 40a, and a U-shaped wall portions 40b which are erected from the left, right and rear edge portions of the bottom portion 40a, respectively. No wall portion is formed at the front side of the chassis 40. Therefore, this area is left in an open state such that when the chassis 40 is arranged inside the casing 10, an aperture 122 formed in a front plate 121 of a top plate 12 is positioned at such area.

Further, formed on an upper portion of each of the left and right side wall portions of the chassis 40 is an attaching portion 40c to which a disc clamper supporting member 80 (described below) is to be attached. Further, formed on side surfaces of the left and right side wall portions are mounting portions 40d, 40d to which vibration absorbing members 7, 7 (described below) are to be mounted.

Provided on the chassis 40 are a mechanism unit 42 and a displacement mechanism (ascending/descending mechanism) 50 for displacing the mechanism unit. The mechanism unit 42 is arranged around the central of a space (aperture) 41 formed in the bottom portion 40a of the chassis 40, while the displacement mechanism 50 is arranged at the front side of the space 41.

As shown In Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, the mechanism unit 42 includes a base 43 and a metal plate 44 fixed to the base 43 via four insulators 441 made of elastic material.

Further, the mechanism unit 42 includes a spindle motor 45, a turntable 46 fixed to a rotation axle 451 of the spindle motor 45, an optical head (optical pick-up) 47 including an actuator and a lens, and an optical head moving mechanism 48 for moving the optical head in the radial direction of the optical disc 3. The spindle motor 45 and the optical head moving mechanism 48 are mounted on the metal base plate 44.

The spindle motor 45 is an electrical motor capable of high rotation; for example, it is capable of rotating the optical disc 3 at a rotational speed of 200 - 6400 rpm.

The turntable 46 is a disc-shaped member which houses a ring-shaped permanent magnet to create a holding force (i.e., a magnetic attracting force) on a disc clamper 8 (described below). The central portion of the turntable 46 is formed into a ring-shaped protruding central hub portion 46a, such that when the disc clamper 8 is being attracted, the central hub portion 46a fits into a fitting groove (not shown in the drawings) formed in a bottom portion of the disc clamper 8 (described below), thereby aligning the axes of the turntable 46 and the disc clamper 8.

The turntable 46 and the spindle motor 45 which rotates the turntable 46 constitute a disc rotating means for rotating the optical disc 3.

The optical head 47 is a flat type optical head constructed so as to deflect light reflected from the optical disc 3 by roughly 90 degrees using a mirror (or prism) or the like in order to guide such light to a light gathering element such a photodiode or the like.

As shown in Fig. 5, the optical head moving mechanism 48 is constructed from a motor 48a which is capable of forward rotation and reverse rotation, a rotatable worm 48b which is driven by the motor 48a, a worm wheel 48c which meshes with the worm 48b, a small gear (not shown in the drawings) which is fixed to the same axis as the worm wheel 48c, a rack gear 48d which meshes with the small gear, a slider 48e to which the rack gear 48d is fixed, a guide rod 48g for guiding the movement of the slider 48e, and a mounting base 48f integrally formed with the slider 48e for mounting the optical head 47. The worm 48b and the guide rod 48g are arranged in such a manner that their lengthwise direction are aligned with the forward and backward direction of the disc drive 1A.

In this kind of optical head moving mechanism 48, when the motor 48a is driven to rotate the worm 48b in a prescribed direction, this rotation is transmitted via each of the gears to cause the slider 48e to move along the guide rod 48g in the forward and backward direction of the disc drive 1A, whereby the optical head 47 fixed to the mounting base 48f is also moved in the radial direction of the optical disc 3 placed on the disc tray 4. The optical head 47 and the optical head moving mechanism 48 constitute a playback means in this invention.

Further, the driving operations of the spindle motor 45, the motor 48a and a motor 51 (described below) are controlled by a control means (CPU) provided in a circuit substrate assembly (not shown in the drawings). In this connection, the circuit substrate assembly may be fixed to the main body 2 or it may be attached to either the side plate 13 or the bottom plate 11 at a prescribed spacing from the lower surface of the main body 2.

Protruding axles 431, 432 are formed on the side portions of the rear portion of the base 43 (the rear portion means the the back of the main body 2). The mechanism unit 42 is supported by these axles 431, 432 for pivotal movement with respect to the chassis 40.

The axle 431 is provided with a ring-shaped vibration absorbing member (rubber washer) 5 for absorbing vibrations generated in the axial direction. This vibration absorbing member 5 can be made from various rubbers, soft resins (thermoplastic elastomers) and the like. In this case, in order for the mechanism unit 42 to rotate smoothly with respect to the chassis 40, it is preferred that the vibration absorbing member 5 be constructed from a material having a relatively low coefficient of friction.

As a result, even if vibration occurs in the mechanism unit 42 due to eccentric rotation of the optical disc 3 or the like, such vibration will be absorbed by the vibration absorbing member 5, thereby blocking or suppressing the transmission of such vibration to the chassis 40. Accordingly, this makes it possible to prevent the mechanism unit from rattling with respect to the chassis 40.

Further, it is also possible to provide a vibration-damping member 5 on both the axle 431 and the axle 432.

Further, a biasing member 6 comprised of a plate spring is provided on the chassis 40 at the side of the axle 431 (i.e., at the side where the vibration-damping member 5 is provided) and the front side of the base 43 (that is the front side of the main body 2) so as to abut on the front side of the base 43 to bias it toward the side where the axle 432 is located. This biasing member 6 is fixed to the chassis 40 by means of a screw 6a. Thus, by biasing the front portion of the base 43 (the mechanism unit 42) to the side (to one side), the biasing member 6 makes it possible to prevent rattling of the front portion of the mechanism unit 42.

In this connection, the pushing force of the biasing member 6 on the side surface of the base 43 is set so as to be sufficient at preventing rattling of the front portion of the mechanism unit 42 without hindering the pivotal motion of the mechanism unit 42.

The displacement mechanism 50 is constructed from a motor 51 capable of forward and reverse rotation provided in the front portion of the chassis 40, a rotational speed reduction mechanism 52 for transmitting rotation of the motor 52 with its speed being reduced, a sector-shaped gear 53 which is rotated within a prescribed angular range by means of the rotational speed reduction mechanism 52, and a cam member 55 equipped with a rack gear 54 which meshes with the sector-shaped gear 53.

Specifically, as shown in Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, the rotational speed reduction mechanism 52 is constructed from a small gear 521 fixed to the end of the rotational axle of the motor 51, a large gear 522 which meshes with the small gear 521, a small gear 523 fixed to the same axle below the large gear 522, a large gear 524 which meshes with the small gear 523, and a small gear 525 fixed to the same axle above the large gear 524. Any of these gears 521 - 525 may be constructed from a flat gear.

The small gear 525 meshes with the sector-shaped gear 53 and a rack gear 4b (described below) formed in the rear surface of the disc tray 4. The rotation of the motor 51 is reduced by the rotational speed reduction mechanism 52 according to a prescribed reduction ratio, and then the rotation of which rotational speed being reduced is transmitted to the sector-shaped gear 53 and the rack gear 4b.

The cam member 55 is provided so as to be slidable in a sideways direction with respect to the chassis 40 (i.e., in a direction orthogonal to the direction of movement of the disc tray 4). Formed in this cam member 55 are a pair of cam grooves 56a, 56b having roughly the same shape. Each of the cam grooves 56a, 56b is formed from an upper groove 561 and a lower groove 563 which extend in a horizontal direction, respectively, and a slanting groove 562 which connects the upper groove 561 and the lower groove 562.

Formed in the front surface of the base 43 of the mechanism unit 42 are protrusions (driven members) 57a, 57b which are inserted respectively into the cam grooves 56a, 56b. These protrusions 57a, 57b slide along the cam grooves 56a, 56b, whereby they are moved in the up and down direction along the cam grooves. Namely, when the protrusions 57a, 57b are engaged with the upper grooves 561, the front portion of the mechanism unit 42 is at the raised position (ascending position). On the other hand, when the protrusions 57a, 57b are engaged with the lower grooves 563, the front portion of the mechanism unit 42 is at the lowered position (descending position).

Formed in the upper portion of the sector-shaped gear 53 are protrusions 531, 532 which are adapted to be inserted into a first guide groove 4c and a second guide groove 4d formed in the rear surface of the disc tray 4 (see Fig. 6). The protrusion 531 has a circular horizontal cross section, and the protrusion 532 has a semi-circular cross section.

As shown in Fig. 2, the disc tray 4 has a shallow concave disc supporting portion 4a adapted to receive an optical disc 3, whereby the optical disc 3 placed in the disc supporting portion 4a is transported to a prescribed position.

As shown in Fig. 6, a rack gear 4b which meshes with the small gear 525 is formed in the rear surface of the disc tray 4. In this way, by driving the motor 51, it is possible to move the disc tray 4 in a forward and backward direction with respect to the chassis 40 between a disc loaded position in which the optical disc 3 is loaded (can be played back) and a disc ejection position in which the optical disc 3 is ejected (can be removed). Thus, when a disc loading operation is carried out to load the optical disc 3, the small gear 525 rotates clockwise in the condition as shown in Fig. 3, and this causes the disc tray 4 to move backwards, whereby the optical disc 3 is transported into the inside of the main body 2.

Further, as stated above, the first guide groove 4c and the second guide groove 4d are formed in the rear surface of the disc tray 4. The first guide groove 4c is formed roughly parallel with the rack gear 4b, and at the front of the disc tray 4 (the lower portion of Fig. 6), this guide groove 4c slants so as to approach the rack gear 4b. Further, the second guide groove 4d is bent in a prescribed way. The protrusions 531 and 532 of the sector-shaped gear 53 are adapted to be inserted into the first guide groove 4c and second guide groove 4d, respectively. These guide grooves 4c and 4d regulates or controls the displacements of the protrusions 531, 532, that is the movement of the sector-shaped gear 53 to follow the movement of the disc tray 4.

The disc clamper 8 is provided on an upper portion of the chassis 40. This disc clamper 8 is rotatably supported by the plate-shaped disc clamper supporting member 80.

The disc clamper supporting member 80 is fastened at both ends thereof with screws (or rivets) to the attaching portions 40c, 40c of the chassis 40, whereby the disc clamper supporting member 80 is arranged along the sideways direction in the upper portion of the chassis 40. A circular aperture is formed in a roughly central portion of the support member 80.

In more details, the disc clamper 8 is composed of a flange portion which is engageable with the upper surface of the supporting member 80 and a cylindrical portion integrally formed with the flange portion and rotatably positioned within the aperture so as to protrude toward to the turntable 46. The disc clamper 8 is constructed from or includes a material (preferably a ferromagnetic material) which will be attracted by the permanent magnet housed inside the turntable 46.

As shown in Fig. 2, the casing 10 is constructed from a bottom plate 11, a top plate (second member) 12, and a U-shaped side plate (first member) 13 which is positioned therebetween. The bottom plate 11, top plate 12 and side plate 13 are made by carrying out a press working process (e.g., shearing, punching, bending, etc.) or the like on metal plates to form predetermined shapes.

The casing 10 is assembled by fixing the bottom plate 11 to the side plate 13 and the top plate 12 to the side plate 13 by means of fasteners such as screws or the like.

A front portion of the top plate 12 is bent by roughly 90 degrees to form a front plate 121. A horizontally elongated narrow aperture 122 is formed in the front plate 121 to allow the disc tray 4 to pass therethrough. Further, a small hole 123 is formed in a roughly central portion of the front plate 121 to allow a pin member (not shown in the drawings) for operating an emergency eject mechanism 60 (described below) to pass therethrough.

Further, the front panel 16 is attached to the front plate 121 via a frame-shaped cushion member 15 made of a cushioning material such as sponge or the like. A horizontally elongated narrow aperture 16a is also formed in the front panel 16 to allow the disc tray 4 to pass therethrough. Further, a small hole 16b is formed in a roughly central portion of the front panel 16 so as to correspond to the hole 123 of the front plate 121 described above, thereby allowing a pin member (not shown in the drawings) for operating the emergency eject mechanism 60 (described below) to pass therethrough.

As shown in Fig. 9, the side plate 13 is a U-shaped side wall portion integrally formed from a first side wall 13a and second side wall 13b which face each other through the main body 2, and a third side wall 13c which joins the first and second side walls 13a, 13b at the vertical rear edges thereof.

Protrusions 131 are integrally formed at a plurality of locations on the upper edge of the side plate 13, namely, on the edge portion which makes contact with the top plate 12. In more details, at least two protrusions 131, 131 are integrally formed on the upper edge of each of the first, second and third side walls 13a, 13b, 13c, respectively.

As shown in Fig. 9, in the present embodiment, a tip portion of each of the protrusions 131 is formed into a rounded shape. It is also possible for the tip portions of the protrusions 131 to be flat or pointed, but the rounded shape is preferred because it is safe and make it possible to obtain point contact with the top plate 12.

When the side plate 13 and the top plate 12 are connected, the side plate 13 is in point contact with the inner surface (rear surface) of the top plate 12 through each of the protrusions 131. That is, the top plate 12 is in contact with the side plate 12 through a very small surface area. In this way, it is possible to create a stable connection between the side plate 13 and the top plate 12, thereby preventing rattling and making it possible to easily assemble the casing 10 (including positioning between the side plate 13 and the top plate 12).

Further, bottom plate mounting portions 134 are formed on the lower edge of the side plate 13 to enable the side plate 13 to be fastened to the bottom plate 11 with screws or the like. Furthermore, top plate mounting portions 135 are formed on the upper edge of the side plate 13 to enable the side plate 13 to be fastened to the top plate 13 with screws or the like. In this case, one top plate mounting portion 135 is provided between the pair of protrusions 131 in each of the first, second and third side walls 13a, 13b, 13c. Although a stress due to the screw fasteners is likely to be concentrated in the vicinity of the mounting portions 135 for the top plate 12, it is possible to obtain an even more stable connection between the side plate 13 and the top plate 12 and then maintain the connection by setting the positional relationship between each of the protrusions 131 and mounting portions 135 in this way.

Furthermore, a manufacturing process can be made easy because it is possible to use a press working operation or the like to integrally form the protrusions 131 and mounting portions 134, 135 at the same time the side plate 13 is being made.

In the present invention, these kind of protrusions 131 may also be formed in the lower edge of the side plate, namely, on the edges which are in contact with the bottom plate 11. In this case, the locations of the protrusions 131 and the number of the protrusions 131 as well as the positional relationship with respect to the mounting portions 134 may be the same as those of the above described case where the protrusions 131 are formed on the upper edges of the side plate 13.

The main body 2 having the above structure is supported by the casing 10 through a plurality of vibration absorbing members (vibration damping members) 7 at the side portions of the main body 2. Hereinbelow, detailed description is made with regard to this supporting structure of the main body 2 with respect to the casing 10.

As shown in Fig. 2 and Fig. 9, a pair of vibration absorbing member mounting portions 132 are integrally formed on each of the inner surfaces of the side plate 13 which face with each other. Each of the mounting portions 132 is constructed from a plate-like member which has been bent into an L-shape, in which an aperture 133 is formed in the central portion thereof. Further, as stated in the above, the side plate 13 is integrally formed with the bottom plate mounting portions 134 to which the bottom plate 11 is mounted via screws and the top plate mounting portions 135 to which the top plate 12 is mounted via screws. These mounting portions 134 and 135 are provided at predetermined portions.

Further, as shown in Fig. 5, vibration absorbing member mounting portions 40d are provided on the left and right wall portions 40b of the chassis 40 for mounting vibration absorbing members 7, respectively, at positions which correspond to the mounting portions 132 of the side plate 13. Each of the mounting portions 40d is constructed from a concave portion 49, and each concave portion has a bottom portion 491 in which an aperture 492 which is the same as the aperture 133 is formed.

As shown in Fig. 10, each of the vibration absorbing members 7 includes flange-shaped first and second engaging portions 71, 72 which are located at the opposite ends of the vibration absorbing member 7, and a deformable portion 73 which is positioned between the first and second engaging portions 71 and 71. The deformable portion 71 is formed of a thin material so as to be elastically deformed. With this result, a reduced radial portion 74 is formed between the first engaging portion 71 and the deformable portion 73, and a reduced radial portion 75 is formed between the second engaging portion 72 and the deformable portion 73, respectively. Further, each of the vibration absorbing members 7 includes a hollow space or opening 76 which is formed so as to pass the vibration absorbing members 7 along the axial direction thereof (the horizontal direction in Fig. 9).

Each of the vibration absorbing members 7 may be formed of an elastic material such as various rubbers, soft resins (thermoplastic elastomers) or the like, such that by elastical deformation of the deformable portion 73, it is possible for the vibration absorbing member to expand or contract in at least the axial direction thereof, namely, in the direction in which vibrations are generated by eccentric rotation of the optical disc 3 (i.e., the horizontal direction).

In addition, the vibration absorbing member 7 is deformable in the direction of vibrations which are generated in rotational axis of the optical disc 3 (i.e., the vertical direction).

As is well illustrated in Fig. 5, each of the deformable portions 73 is housed within the respective concave portion 49 formed in the wall portion 40b of the chassis 40, in which the reduced diameter portion 74 is inserted into the aperture 492 of the mounting portion of 40d of the chassis 40, while the other reduced diameter portion 75 is inserted into the aperture 133 of the corresponding supporting mounting 132 of the side plate 132 of the casing 10 (see Fig. 9). As a result, the first engaging portion 71 is engaged with the bottom portion 491 of the mounting portion 40d of the chassis 40, and the second engaging portion 72 is engaged with the mounting portion 132 of the casing.

In this way, the main body 2 is supported with respect to the inside of the side plate 13 of the casing 10 by means of a plurality of vibration absorbing members 7 provided between the left and right wall portions 40b of the chassis 40 and the opposite inside of the side plate 13 of the casing 10. Consequently, even if a vibration is generated in the mechanism unit 42 and therefore in the main body 2 due to eccentric rotation of the optical disc 3, for example, such vibration is absorbed or damped by the vibration absorbing members 7, thereby suppressing the transmission of vibrations to the casing 10. As a result, it is possible to prevent a noise is generated at the casing 10 due to a resonant vibration of the casing or the like.

Further, in order to obtain even more effective vibration suppressing effects, it is preferred that the main body 2 is in contact with the casing 10 (particularly the side plate 13) only through the vibration absorbing members 7. However, it is of course possible for a part of the main body 2 to be in direct or indirect contact with the casing 10.

As stated in the foregoing, the vibration absorbing members 7 each having the above-described structure exhibit excellent vibration absorbing or damping effects, especially a vibration absorbing effect in the horizontal direction. Further, since the vibration absorbing member is flexible, attachment or removable thereof can be made easily. In this connection, it goes without saying that the shape, structure, mounting position or number of the vibration absorbing members 7 are not limited to those shown in the drawings.

Further, because each of the vibration absorbing members 7 can be attached only by fitting the opposite end portions thereof into the mounting portion 40d of the chassis 40 and the mounting portion 132 of the side plate 13, respectively, no separate or additional element is required to attach the vibration absorbing members 7. Consequently, the vibration absorbing members 7 can be attached very easily, thereby enabling to reduce the number of parts required.

Further, because the main body 2 is supported by the side plate 13 by means of the vibration absorbing members 7 provided on the left and right side portions of the chassis 40, it is possible to achieve the above-described excellent vibration suppressing effects, regardless of the posture of the disc drive 1A. Namely, in a case where the disc drive 1A is installed horizontally in a horizontally placed type computer body, it is still possible to exhibit vibration absorbing effect described above even if the computer is used by placing the computer body vertically, that is the disc drive 1A is used in a vertical posture. Further, although not shown in the drawings, it is possible to provide additional vibration absorbing member between the third side wall 13c of the side plate 13 and the back surface of the chassis 40.

Furthermore, in the present embodiment, in order to form the vibration absorbing member mounting portions 132 which are formed by bending plate-like members extending from the side plate 13 to a predetermined shape, the side plate 13 and the bottom plate 11 are constructed from separate members. However, it is also possible to join or integrally form the side plate 13 and the bottom plate 11 together. In this case, the mounting portions 132 for the vibration absorbing members 7 may be erected from the bottom plate 11.

Now, the disc drive 1A of the present embodiment is further equipped with an emergency eject mechanism 60. This emergency eject mechanism makes it possible to eject the optical disc 3 by manually moving the disc tray 4 forward at the time when a power outage were to occur, for example, while the disc drive 1A is playing back an optical disc 3.

As is best shown in Fig. 5, the emergency eject mechanism 60 is constructed from an arc-shaped slot 61 formed in the front portion of the chassis 40, a protrusion 62 which is formed so as to protrude from the rear surface (lower surface) of the sector-shaped gear 53 into the slot 61 so as to move along the slot 61, a pushing member 63 which pushes the protrusion 62 and rotates the sector-shaped gear 53 in a counter-clockwise direction as viewed in Fig. 3, and a spring 65 which biases the pushing member 63 toward the front (as seen in the lower part of Fig. 5). Further, an elongated slot 64 is formed in the pushing member 63, and inserted into this slot 64 is a pin 66 which is erected from the chassis 40. In this way, the pushing member 63 can move forwards and backwards.

Next, the operation of the disc drive 1A will be described.

When the disc drive 1A is not in use, the empty disc tray 4 is kept in a housed state (at the disc loaded position) within the casing 10 (i.e., within the main body 2) (see Fig. 4).

In this state, if an eject operation is carried out, the motor 51 is rotated in a prescribed direction, and this causes the small gear 525 to rotate, via the rotational speed reduction mechanism 52, in a counter-clockwise direction. Now, because the small gear 525 meshes with the rack gear 4b of the rear surface of the disc tray 4, the rotation of the small gear 525 causes the disc tray 4 to move forward out through the apertures 121, 16a to a protruding position (i.e., a disc unloading position) outside the casing 10.

At the same time, the protrusions 57a, 57b (see Fig. 8) which are positioned in the upper grooves 561 of the cam grooves 56a, 56b are moved into the lower grooves 563 via the slanting grooves 562 (see Fig. 7). In this way, the mechanism unit 42 is caused to pivot about the axles 431, 432, whereby the front portion of the mechanism unit 42 is lowered (displaced) from an upper position to a lower position. Further, the turntable 46 which is mounted on the mechanism unit 42 is also moved to a lower position, where the turntable 46 is positioned at a prescribed spacing from the disc clamper 8.

Then, if an optical disc 3 is placed into the disc supporting portion 4a of the disc tray 4 and a loading operation is carried out, the motor 51 is caused to rotate in the reverse direction. As a result, the rotational speed reduction mechanism 52 transmits reduced rotational speed to the small gear 525, thereby causing the small gear 525 to rotate in the clockwise direction (i.e., reverse rotation) as shown in Fig. 3. In accordance with this rotation, the disc tray 4 is caused to move backward through the apertures 16a, 122 to the disc loaded position. In this way, the optical disc 3 which is placed at a prescribed position on the disc tray 4 is also transported to the disc loaded position inside the main body 2.

During the loading operation of the disc tray 4, namely, while the disc tray 4 moves backwardly, the protrusion 531 formed on the sector-shaped gear 53 is relatively moved along the first guide groove 4c formed in the rear surface of the disc tray 4. In this case, since the position (posture) of the sector-shaped gear 53 is regulated by the engagement between the protrusion 531 and the guide groove 4c, the sector-shaped gear 53 is being kept at a prescribed positioned shown in Fig. 3 where the sector-shaped gear 53 does not mesh with the small gear 525. As a result, the cam member 55 is not moved, and the front portion of the mechanism unit 42 is kept in the lower position.

When the disc tray 4 approaches the loaded position, the protrusion 532 formed on the sector-shaped gear 53 is inserted into the second guide groove 4d from the insertion portion 4e, whereby the groove 4d guides the sector-shaped gear 53 to rotate in a counter-clockwise direction from the position shown in Fig. 3. At the same time, the protrusion 531 is moved toward the rack gear 4b in the vicinity of the front portion of the first guide groove 4c. As a result, the sector-shaped gear 53 meshes with the small gear 525, so that the rotational force transmitted from the small gear 525 causing the sector-shaped gear 53 to rotate in a counter-clockwise direction indicated by the arrow in Fig. 4.

The rotation of the sector-shaped gear 53 moves the rack gear 54 and the cam member 55 to the right direction in Fig. 7 (left direction in Fig. 3), and this moves the protrusions 57a, 57b from their positions in the lower grooves 563 of the cam grooves 56a, 56b (see Fig. 7) to the upper grooves 561 along the slanting grooves 562 (see Fig. 8). In this way, the mechanism unit 42 is pivoted about the axles 431, 432 to raise (displace) the front portion of the mechanism unit 42 from the lower position to the upper position, where the mechanism unit 42 is placed in a roughly horizontal state.

The displacement of the mechanism unit 42 causes the center hub portion 46a of the turntable 46 to fit into the center hole 3a of the optical disc 3. Then, while the turntable 46 supports the center portion of the optical disc 3, the permanent magnet housed inside the turntable 46 attracts the disc clamper 8, whereby the optical disc 3 is securely held between the turntable 46 and the rotator 81.

Once the optical disc 3 has been loaded into the loaded position as described above, the spindle motor 45 is operated to rotate the optical disc 3 held between the turntable 46 and the disc clamper 8 at a prescribed rotational speed.

Next, the optical head moving mechanism 48 moves the optical head 47 to a prescribed position with respect to the radial direction of the optical disc 3. Then, while carrying out tracking control and focusing control, beam is emitted toward the recording surface of the optical disc 3, with the reflected beam therefrom being collected to playback the information recorded on the optical disc 3.

When playing back the information recorded on the disc 3 in this way, there is a case that vibrations would occur in the mechanism unit 42 due to eccentric rotation of the optical disc 3 which is likely to be caused by dimensional errors in the optical disc 3 or misalignment with the center of the optical disc 3 or the like. In this regard, such vibrations become increasing severe as the rotational speed of the optical disc 3 is increased. However, in the disc drive 1A of the present invention, such vibrations caused in the mechanism unit 42 are absorbed by the vibration damping member 5 and the vibration absorbing members 7, thereby preventing or suppressing the transmission of such vibrations to the casing 10.

In particular, because eccentric rotation of the optical disc 3 mainly generates a horizontally directed vibration in the mechanism unit 42 and chassis 40, the flexibility of the vibration absorbing members 7 in that same direction makes it possible to effectively absorb and damp such vibrations, whereby a highly effective vibration damping is achieved.

Furthermore, even in the case where some vibrations that are not absorbed by the vibration absorbing members 5, 7 are transmitted to the casing 10, very little noise will be generated because the point contact connection between the side plate 13 and the inner surface of the top plate 12 by means of the protrusions 131 creates a stable connection or coupling therebetween which prevents rattling.

If the playing back operation is stopped and an eject operation is carried out, the operations of each of the mechanisms of the disk drive 1A carried out in the eject operation described above are carried out again, whereby the disc 3 is released from its clamped state between the turntable 46 and the disc clamper 8 and ejected to the outside together with the disc tray 4.

Further, in the case where the rotation of the optical disc 3 is stopped, such as when a power outage occurs during play back, the emergency eject mechanism 60 can be operated to manually move the disc tray 4 forwards to enable the optical disc 3 to be removed therefrom.

Namely, when the disc tray 4 is in the disc loaded position, a pin member (not shown in the drawings) is inserted through the holes 16b and 123 formed in the front panel 16 and the front plate 121 to push the pushing member 63, thereby moving the pushing member 63 backwardly. In this way, a curved pushing surface 631 of the pushing member 63 pushes the protrusion 62, which causes the protrusion 62 to move along the slot 61, whereby the sector-shaped gear 53 is rotated in a clockwise direction from the position shown in Fig. 4. As a result, the small gear 525 which meshes with the sector-shaped gear 53 is caused to rotate in a clockwise direction in Fig. 4, and this in turn causes the rack gear which meshes with the small gear 525 to move forward, whereby the disc tray 4 is forced to move forward and protrude to the outside through the aperture 16a.

After this is done, the protruding portion of the disc tray 4 can be grasped with the fingers and the disc tray 4 can then be pulled to the outside to enable the optical disc 3 to be removed from the disc tray 4.

After the disk tray 4 has been manually ejected in this way, the pin member can be removed from the holes 16b and 123, whereupon the biasing force of the spring 65 returns the pushing member 63 to its original position as shown in Fig. 5.

For example, the vibration absorbing members 7 are not limited to the structure shown in the drawings. They may be constructed from other structure or materials in so far as exhibiting a vibration-absorbing, vibration-damping or noise-suppressing capability as described above. Examples of such alternatives may include elastic members having no hollow spaces, various sponge-like materials (porous materials), various springs such as coil springs, plate springs and the like, oil dampers, air dampers, viscous or viscoelastic materials, or any combination thereof.

Further, the number, positions, shapes of the protrusions 131 formed on the side plate 13 are not limited to the structure shown in the drawings.

As described above, since the main body is supported with respect to the casing by means of a plurality of vibration absorbing members, it is possible to suppress vibrations caused by eccentric rotation of an optical disc or the like from being transmitted to the casing, thereby enabling to suppress generation of noise.

In particular, since the vibration absorbing members are arranged on the side portions of the main body, this arrangement exhibits a vibration damping or absorbing effect especially for vibrations in the direction of the radial direction of the optical disc which is likely to be caused by the eccentric rotation of the optical disk. Further, this vibration damping or absorbing effect is exhibited regardless of the posture of the disc drive, that is in a horizontal posture or a vertical posture.

Further, since the vibration absorbing members are arranged on the side portions of the main body, it becomes possible to utilize upper or lower space of the main body. Further, the number of parts is not increased in comparison with the prior art. Furthermore, attachment or removal of the vibration absorbing members and assembly of the disc drive can be carried out easily.

For these reasons, this structure is particularly suitable for disc drives in which an optical disc is rotated with a high rotational speed and therefore vibrations are likely to be generated.

In addition, as described above, by forming a plurality of protrusions 131 on a first member (side plate) which makes contact with a second member (top plate or bottom plate) to form a casing 10, it is possible to establish point contact between the first and second members, and this makes it possible to create a stable connection between the first and second members when they are joined together with screws. Consequently, even if vibrations are generated due to eccentric rotation of a disc, it is possible to suppress the generation of rattling and noise in the casing.

Further, by setting the shape, number and position of the protrusions appropriately, in particular, by setting a positional relationship between the mounting portions for fixing the second member and the respective protrusions appropriately as described above, it is possible to achieve remarkable effects.

Consequently, the present invention is suited for high speed rotation of discs where vibration and noise are very likely to be generated.

Further, because the members which make up the casing in the present invention do not require a high processing accuracy (dimensional accuracy), the parts of the casing are easy to manufacture, and assemble thereof, in particular positioning between the first and second members can be carried out easily.

Furthermore, it is to be noted that the present invention is applied to other disc drives such as CD-R drive, CD-RW drive and DVD-drive and the like. In particular, the present invention is suitable for disc drives which are installed in personal computers.

Finally, it is also to be noted that the scope of the present invention is determined only by the following claims.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Plattenantrieb, aufweisend:
    • Einen Hauptkörper (2), welcher eine Mechanismuseinheit (42) mit einer Plattendreheinrichtung (45, 46) zum Drehen einer Platte (3) und eine Ausleseeinrichtung (47) zumindest zum Auslesen von Information umfaßt, die auf der Platte (3) aufgezeichnet ist, wobei der Hauptkörper (2) Seitenabschnitte aufweist; und
    • ein Gehäuse (10) zur Aufnahme des Hauptkörpers (2), wobei das Gehäuse (10) ein erstes Element (13) und zumindest ein zweites plattenförmiges Element (11, 12) aufweist, welches am ersten Element (13) lösbar befestigt ist, um das Gehäuse (10) zu bilden,
    • wobei das erste Element (11, 12) Seitenwände (13a, 13b, 13c) zum teilweise Umschließen der Seitenabschnitte des Hauptkörpers (2) aufweist, und wobei die Seitenwände Randabschnitte aufweisen,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß mehrere Vorsprünge (131) auf den Randabschnitten der Seitenwände des ersten Elements (13) derart integral gebildet sind, daß das zweite Element (11, 12) sich im Kontakt mit dem ersten Element (13) durch die Vorsprünge (131) befindet, um einen Punktkontakt zwischen dem ersten Element (13) und dem zweiten Element (11, 12) zu erzeugen.
  2. Plattenantrieb nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Hauptkörper (2) eine Oberseite aufweist, in welcher die Plattendreheinrichtung (45, 46) und die Ausleseeinrichtung (47) angeordnet sind, wobei das erste Element (13) eine Seitenplatte ist, welche die Seitenwände (13a, 13b, 13c) und die Randabschnitte aufweist, und wobei das zweite Element (12) eine obere Platte ist, welche an der Seitenplatte mittels Befestigungselementen lösbar befestigt ist, um die Oberseite des Hauptkörpers (2) abzudecken.
  3. Plattenantrieb nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Seitenwände der Seitenplatte (13) erste und zweite Seitenwände (13a, 13b) umfassen, die jeweils über den Hauptkörper (2) aufeinanderzu weisen, und eine dritte Seitenwand (130), welche die ersten und zweiten Seitenwände (13a, 13b) verbindet, wobei zumindest ein Vorsprung (131) auf dem Randabschnitt von jeder der ersten, zweiten und dritten Seitenwände (13a, 13b, 13c) gebildet ist.
  4. Plattenantrieb nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Seitenwände der Seitenplatte erste und zweite Seitenwände (13a, 13b) umfaßt, die über den Hauptkörper aufeinanderzu weisen, und eine dritte Seitenwand (13c), welche die ersten und zweiten Seitenwände (13a, 13b) verbindet, wobei zumindest zwei Vorsprünge (131) auf dem Randabschnitt von sowohl der ersten wie der zweiten Seitenwand (13a, 13b) gebildet sind.
  5. Plattenantrieb nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Seitenplatte (13) Halterungsabschnitte (135) aufweist, die zwischen den Vorsprüngen (131) vorgesehen sind, die auf der ersten Seitenwand (13a) gebildet ist, und zwischen den Vorsprüngen (131), die auf der zweiten Seitenwand (13b) vorgesehen sind, um die obere Platte (11) an der Seitenplatte (13) festzuschrauben.
  6. Plattenantrieb nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Vorsprünge (131) mit verrundeten Vorderendabschnitten gebildet sind.
  7. Plattenantrieb nach Anspruch 6, wobei das erste Element (13) und das zweite Element (11, 12) durch Verarbeiten von Metallplatten aufgebaut sind.
  8. Plattenantrieb nach Anspruch 1, wobei das erste Element (13) eine Seitenplatte des Gehäuses (10) bildet, und wobei zumindest ein zweites Element (11, 12) eine obere Platte (11) und eine Bodenplatte (12) des Gehäuses (10) umfaßt, die an der Seitenplatte (13) mittels Befestigungselementen lösbar befestigt sind.
  9. Plattenantrieb nach Anspruch 1, außerdem aufweisend mehrere Vibrationsabsorptionsmittel (7), die zwischen der Innenseite des ersten Elements (13) und den Seitenabschnitten des Hauptkörpers (2) vorgesehen sind, um zu verhindern, daß durch Drehung der Platte (3) erzeugte Vibrationen auf das Gehäuse (10) ausgehend vom Hauptkörper (2) übertragen werden.
  10. Plattenantrieb nach Anspruch 9, wobei der Hauptkörper (2) durch das erste Element (13) über die Vibrationsabsorptionsmittel (7) getragen ist.
  11. Plattenantrieb nach Anspruch 10, wobei das erste Element (13) eine Seitenplatte ist, die Seitenwände (13a, 13b, 13c) aufweist, welche erste und zweite Seitenwände (13a, 13b) umfassen, die über den Hauptkörper (2) aufeinanderzu weisen, und eine dritte Seitenwand (13c), welche die ersten und zweiten Seitenwände (13a, 13b) verbindet, wobei die Vibrationsabsorptionsmittel (7) zwischen dem Seitenabschnitt des Hauptkörpers (2) und der Innenseite der ersten Seitenwand (13a) der Seitenplatte (13) und zwischen dem gegenüberliegenden Seitenabschnitt des Hauptkörpers (2) und der Innenseite der zweiten Seitenwand (13b) der Seitenplatte vorgesehen sind.
  12. Plattenantrieb nach Anspruch 11, wobei jeder der Seitenabschnitte des Hauptkörpers (2) auf der Innenseite von sowohl der ersten wie der zweiten Seitenwand (13a, 13b) in zumindest zwei Stellen über die Vibrationsabsorptionsmittel (7) getragen ist.
  13. Plattenantrieb nach Anspruch 12, wobei der Hauptkörper (2) sich im Kontakt mit dem Gehäuse (10) ausschließlich über die Vibrationsabsorptionsmittel (7) befindet.
  14. Plattenantrieb nach Anspruch 10, wobei jedes der Vibrationsabsorptionsmittel (7) aus einem elastischen Material mit einem hohlen axialen Raum (76) besteht.
  15. Plattenantrieb nach Anspruch 14, wobei die Vibrationsabsorptionsmittel (70) in Richtung einer Vibration flexibel sind, die durch exzentrische Drehung der Platte (3) erzeugt ist.
  16. Plattenantrieb nach Anspruch 15, wobei die Vibrationsabsorptionsmittel (7) in der Richtung der Vibration verformbar sind, die in der Richtung der Drehachse der Platte (3) erzeugt ist.
  17. Plattenantrieb nach Anspruch 16, wobei jedes der Vibrationsabsorptionsmittel (7) einen ersten Eingriffabschnitt (71) aufweist, der auf dem Seitenabschnitt des Hauptkörpers (2) angebracht ist, und einen zweiten Eingriff abschnitt (72), der auf der Seitenwand des ersten Elements (13) des Gehäuses (10) angebracht ist, und einen verformbaren Abschnitt (73), der elastischer Verformung zugänglich und zwischen den ersten und zweiten Eingriffabschnitten (71, 72) vorgesehen ist.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A disc drive, comprising:
    • a main body (2) which includes a mechanism unit (42) having a disc rotating means (45, 46) for rotating a disc (3) and a play back means (47) for at least playing back information recorded on the disc (3), the main body (2) having side portions; and
    • a casing (10) for housing the main body (2), the casing (10) including a first member (13) and at least one second plate-shaped member (11, 12) which is removably fixed to the first member (13) for forming the casing (10),
    • said first member (11, 12) including side walls (13a, 13b, 13c) for partially surrounding the side portions of the main body (2), and said side walls having edge portions,
    characterized in that a plurality of protrusions (131) are integrally formed on the edge portions of the side walls of the first member (13) so that the second member (11, 12) is in contact with the first member (13) through the protrusions (131) to establish point contact between the first member (13) and the second member (11, 12).
  2. The disc drive as claimed in claim 1, wherein the main body (2) has an upper side in which the disc rotating means (45, 46) and the play back means (47) are arranged, in which the first member (13) is a side plate having the side walls (13a, 13b, 13c) and the edge portions, and the second member (12) is a top plate which is removably fixed to the side plate by means of fasteners so as to cover the upper side of the main body (2).
  3. The disc drive as claimed in claim 2, wherein the side walls of the side plate (13) include first and second side walls (13a, 13b) which face each other through the main body (2) and a third side wall (130 which joins the first and second side walls (13a, 13b), in which at least one protrusion (131) is formed on the edge portion of each of the first, second and third side walls (13a, 13b, 13c).
  4. The disc drive as claimed in claim 2, wherein the side walls of the side plate includes first and second side walls(13a, 13b) which face each other through the main body and a third side wall (13c) which joins the first and second side walls (13a, 13b), in which at least two protrusions (131) are formed on the edge portion of each of the first and second side walls (13a, 13b).
  5. The disc drive as claimed in claim 4, wherein the side plate (13) includes mounting portions (135) provided between the protrusions (131) formed on the first side wall (13a)and between the protrusions (131) formed on the second side wall (13b), respectively, for screw fastening the top plate (11) to the side plate (13).
  6. The disc drive as claimed in claim 1, wherein the protrusions (131) are formed with rounded tip end portions.
  7. The disc drive as claimed in claim 6, wherein the first member (13) and the second member (11, 12) are constructed by processing metal plates.
  8. The disc drive as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first member (13) is a side plate of the casing (10) and the at least one second member (11, 12) includes a top plate (11) and a bottom plate (12) of the casing (10) which are removably fixed to the side plate (13) by means of fasteners, respectively.
  9. The disc drive as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a plurality of vibration absorbing means (7)provided between the inside of the first member (13) and the side portions of the main body (2) to prevent vibrations caused by rotation of the disc (3) from being transmitted to the casing (10) from the main body (2).
  10. The disc drive as claimed in claim 9, wherein the main body (2) is supported by the first member (13) via the vibration absorbing means (7).
  11. The disc drive as claimed in claim 10, wherein the first member (13) is a side plate having the side walls (13a, 13b, 13c) including first and second side walls (13a, 13b) which face each other through the main body (2) and a thirdside wall (13c) which joins the first and second side walls (13a, 13b), in which the vibration absorbing means (7) are provided between the side portion of the main body (2) and the inside of the first side wall (13a) of the side plate(13) and between the opposite side portion of the main body (2) and the inside of the second side wall (13b) of the side plate, respectively.
  12. The disc drive as claimed in claim 11, wherein each of the side portions of the main body (2) is supported on the inside of each of the first and second side walls (13a, 13b) at at least two locations via the vibration absorbing means (7).
  13. The disc drive as claimed in claim 12, wherein the main body (2) is in contact with the casing (10) only through the vibration absorbing means (7).
  14. The disc drive as claimed in claim 10, wherein each of the vibration absorbing means (7) is comprised of an elastic material having a hollow axial space (76).
  15. The disc drive as claimed in claim 14, wherein the vibration absorbing means (70) is flexible in the direction of vibration generated by eccentric rotation of the disc (3).
  16. The disc drive as claimed in claim 15, wherein the vibration absorbing means (7) is deformable in the direction of vibration generated in the direction of the rotation axis of the disc (3).
  17. The disc drive as claimed in claim 16, wherein each of the vibration absorbing means (7) comprises a first engaging portion (71) mounted on the side portion of the main body (2) and a second engaging portion (72) mounted on the side wall of the first member (13) of the casing (10), and a deformable portion (73) which is capable of elastic deformation and which is provided between the first and second engaging portions (71, 72).
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Lecteur de disque, comprenant :
    • un corps principal (2) qui comprend une unité de mécanisme (42) comportant des moyens de rotation de disque (45, 46) pour faire tourner un disque (3) et des moyens de lecture (47) pour au moins lire les informations enregistrées sur le disque (3), le corps principal (2) comportant des parties latérales ; et
    • un boîtier (10) pour loger le corps principal (2), le boîtier (10) comprenant un premier élément (13) et au moins un second élément en forme de plaque (11, 12) qui est fixé de manière amovible au premier élément (13) pour former le boîtier (10),
    • ledit premier élément (11, 12) comprenant des parois latérales (13a, 13b, 13c) pour entourer partiellement les parties latérales du corps principal (2), et lesdites parois latérales comportant des parties de bord,
       caractérisé en ce qu'une pluralité de saillies (131) sont formées intégralement sur les parties de bord des parois latérales du premier élément (13), de sorte que le second élément (11, 12) soit en contact avec le premier élément (13) par l'intermédiaire des saillies (131) pour établir un contact ponctuel entre le premier élément (13) et le second élément (11, 12).
  2. Lecteur de disque selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le corps principal (2) comporte un côté supérieur dans lequel les moyens de rotation de disque (45, 46) et les moyens de lecture (47) sont agencés, dans lequel le premier élément (13) est une plaque latérale comportant les parois latérales (13a, 13b, 13c) et les parties de bord, et le second élément (12) est une plaque supérieure qui est fixée de manière amovible à la plaque latérale au moyen d'attaches de manière à recouvrir le côté supérieur du corps principal (2).
  3. Lecteur de disque selon la revendication 2, dans lequel les parois latérales de la plaque latérale (13) comprennent des première et seconde parois latérales (13a, 13b) qui se font face de part et d'autre du corps principal (2) et une troisième paroi latérale (13c) qui unit les première et seconde parois latérales (13a, 13b), dans lequel au moins une saillie (131) est formée sur la partie de bord de chacune des première, seconde et troisième parois latérales (13a, 13b, 13c).
  4. Lecteur de disque selon la revendication 2, dans lequel les parois latérales de la plaque latérale comprennent des première et seconde parois latérales (13a, 13b) qui se font face de part et d'autre du corps principal et une troisième paroi latérale (13c) qui unit les première et seconde parois latérales (13a, 13b), dans lequel au moins deux saillies (131) sont formées sur la partie de bord de chacune des première et seconde parois latérales (13a, 13b).
  5. Lecteur de disque selon la revendication 4, dans lequel la plaque latérale (13) comprend des parties de montage (135) prévues respectivement entre les saillies (131) formées sur la première paroi latérale (13a) et entre les saillies (131) formées sur la seconde paroi latérale (13b), pour fixer la plaque supérieure (11) à la plaque latérale (13) par des vis.
  6. Lecteur de disque selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les saillies (131) sont formées avec des parties d'extrémité à bout arrondi.
  7. Lecteur de disque selon la revendication 6, dans lequel le premier élément (13) et le second élément (11, 12) sont fabriqués en traitant des plaques métalliques.
  8. Lecteur de disque selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le premier élément (13) est une plaque latérale du boîtier (10) et ledit au moins un second élément (11, 12) comprend une plaque supérieure (11) et une plaque inférieure (12) du boîtier (10) qui sont respectivement fixées de manière amovible à la plaque latérale (13) au moyen d'attaches.
  9. Lecteur de disque selon la revendication 1, comprenant, de plus, une pluralité de moyens d'absorption de vibrations (7) prévus entre l'intérieur du premier élément (13) et les parties latérales du corps principal (2) pour empêcher que les vibrations provoquées par la rotation du disque (3) soient transmises à partir du corps principal (2) au boîtier (10).
  10. Lecteur de disque selon la revendication 9, dans lequel le corps principal (2) est supporté par le premier élément (13) via les moyens d'absorption de vibrations (7).
  11. Lecteur de disque selon la revendication 10, dans lequel le premier élément (13) est une plaque latérale comportant les parois latérales (13a, 13b, 13c) comprenant des première et seconde parois latérales (13a, 13b) qui se font face de part et d'autre du corps principal (2) et une troisième paroi latérale (13c) qui unit les première et seconde parois latérales (13a, 13b), dans lequel les moyens d'absorption de vibrations (7) sont prévus respectivement entre la partie latérale du corps principal (2) et l'intérieur de la première paroi latérale (13a) de la plaque latérale (13) et entre la partie latérale opposée du corps principal (2) et l'intérieur de la seconde paroi latérale (13b) de la plaque latérale.
  12. Lecteur de disque selon la revendication 11, dans lequel chacune des parties latérales du corps principal (2) est supportée sur l'intérieur de chacune des première et seconde parois latérales (13a, 13b) en au moins deux emplacements via les moyens d'absorption de vibrations (7).
  13. Lecteur de disque selon la revendication 12, dans lequel le corps principal (2) est en contact avec le boîtier (10) uniquement par l'intermédiaire des moyens d'absorption de vibrations (7).
  14. Lecteur de disque selon la revendication 10, dans lequel chacun des moyens d'absorption de vibrations (7) est composé d'un matériau élastique comportant un espace axial creux (76).
  15. Lecteur de disque selon la revendication 14, dans lequel les moyens d'absorption de vibrations (70) sont flexibles dans la direction des vibrations générées par la rotation excentrique du disque (3).
  16. Lecteur de disque selon la revendication 15, dans lequel les moyens d'absorption de vibrations (7) sont déformables dans la direction des vibrations générées dans la direction de l'axe de rotation du disque (3).
  17. Lecteur de disque selon la revendication 16, dans lequel chacun des moyens d'absorption de vibrations (7) comprend une première partie de mise en prise (71) montée sur la partie latérale du corps principal (2) et une seconde partie de mise en prise (72) montée sur la paroi latérale du premier élément (13) du boîtier (10), et une partie déformable (73) qui est capable de se déformer de manière élastique et qui est prévue entre les première et seconde parties de mise en prise (71, 72).






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