PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0741199 03.08.2000
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0741199
Titel Vorrichtung zum selbststätigen Auswechseln der Schussfadenspule an einem Webstuhl
Anmelder Nippon Felt Co., Ltd., Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder Murakami, Fumio, Kitamoto-shi, Saima-ken, JP;
Okazaki, Sadaaki, Tokyo, JP;
Aoyagi, Takayoshi, Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa-ken, JP;
Konno, Tetsuya, Hodogaya-ku, Kanagawa-ken, JP;
Iwasaki, Tokuji, Urayasu-shi, Chiba-ken, JP
Vertreter Meissner, Bolte & Partner, 80538 München
DE-Aktenzeichen 68929226
Vertragsstaaten DE, ES, GB, IT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 01.12.1989
EP-Aktenzeichen 961091709
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 06.11.1996
EP date of grant 28.06.2000
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 03.08.2000
IPC-Hauptklasse D03D 45/20

Beschreibung[en]
TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to a device for changing cops for a weaving machine in which a shuttle detachably carrying a cop consisting of a wooden bobbin having a weft wound thereon is reciprocated laterally between warps, and in particular to an automatic cop changing device for a weaving machine which can automatically carry out a series of actions including the action of positioning the shuttle at a prescribed location, the action of tying the weft of the current cop which has been used up by more than a prescribed amount with the weft of a next new cop, and the action of removing the current cop from the shuttle and mounting the next cop on the shuttle.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

For instance, in a paper making machine, water is removed from wet pulp by pressing it between a pair of opposing rollers, and such rollers consist of press felt in the form of relatively broad endless belts. The press felt is made by entangling fibers of a pad consisting of layers of woolen or synthetic fiber web with a ground fabric by needling. During the weaving process of the ground fabric, the warps are set on a warp beam and fed continuously while the weft is supplied by a cop mounted on a shuttle. Therefore, when weaving such a broad ground fabric for making press felt, the cop is required to be changed to a new one every time the shuttle has reciprocated from one lateral end to the other by a certain number of times. Further, at the same time, the weft of the old cop and the weft of the new cop must be connected with each other by welding or the like.

Conventionally, changing cops and connecting the ends of two wefts together were carried out manually. As a result, an experienced operator was required for each weaving machine, and it was difficult to reduce the cost of weaving.

US-A-3,608,589 discloses a structure for changing pirns in a weaving machine. According to this patent, the pirn is lifted from the shuttle by the jaws mounted on the transfer head which can rotate around a horizontal axial line, and is placed in a position above the shuttle after it is used up. The pirn maintains its horizontal attitude throughout this process. This severely restricts the placement of the means for storing the pirns.

Further, according to this prior art publication, the wire extending from the used pirn and the wire extending from the new pirn are both drawn by transferring the pirns, and passing the wire through a wire knotting station as the pirns are being transferred. A forked lever draws the wire, and controls the slack of the wire by passing it around a stripper. The wire is handled by the forked lever and other related parts. Thus, the apparatus requires two separate arms to remove the pirn from the shuttle and to handle the wire, and the resulting structure is necessarily complex.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

In view of such problems of the prior art, a primary object of the present invention is to provide a device for automatically changing cops for a weaving machine which is adapted to be automated.

A second object of the present invention is provide a device for changing cops for a weaving machine which is simple in structure so as to be economical to fabricate and free from failures during its operation.

A third object to the present invention is to provide such a Cop changing device which is compact enough to be incorporated into an existing weaving machine designed for manual replacement of cops.

A fourth object of the present invention is to provide such a copy changing device which can replace cops with minimum time and can reduce the chance of weft breakage at the same time.

According to the present invention there is provided an automatic cop changing device for a weaving machine in which a shuttle (2) carrying a cop (19) consisting of a bobbin (21) around which a weft (4) is wound is reciprocated between warps (3) so as to weave said weft between said warps, comprising:

  • cop positioning means (7) for keeping said shuttle stationary near a terminal point of its reciprocating movement when the weft of a current cop mounted on said shuttle is consumed by more than a prescribed amount;
  • cop storage means (44) for storing a plurality of new cops; weft pulling means (28) for drawing the weft from said current cop and a weft from one of said new cops stored in said cop storage means, and crossing said two wefts;
  • weft tying means (47) for tying said crossed part of said wefts:
  • weft trimming means (57) for trimming an extraneous part of said tied weft; and
  • cop replacing means (27) for removing said current cop from said shuttle, and mounting said new cop on said shuttle;
   characterised in that said cop replacing means consists of a single robot arm (26) comprising a base rotatable around a vertical axis, an arm assembly movable both radially and vertically with respect to said base, and a hand assembly carried by a free end of said arm assembly to manipulate said shuttles.

Thus by positioning the shuttle, drawing out the weft from the cop which has been used up by more than a prescribed amount, tying it with the weft of the next cop which is stored in the storage means, and changing the cop with the cop replacing means for expelling the old cop from the shuttle and mounting the next cop on the shuttle, it is possible to eliminate the need for an operator always attending the weaving machine. The tying means may consist of an ultrasonic, high frequency or other welding unit.

Preferably, the device is equipped with slack removing means for takin up slack from the tied weft after the new cop is mounted on the shuttle and before the shuttle is shot from the terminal point of its reciprocating movement to another terminal point so that the breakage of the weft may be prevented through elimination of sudden tensioning of the weft.

According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the slack removing means comprises a stationary ring placed adjacent to a part of the weft from the new cop, a gripper which can selectively grip the weft from inside the stationary ring and release it as required, and gripper driving means for selectively moving the gripper away from and towards the stationary ring.

According to a preferred arrangement of the weft pulling means which permits the entire cop changing device to be compact enough to be accommodated in a limited space and, if necessary, to incorporate this automatic cop changing device into an existing weaving machine, the weft pulling means comprises a table, a weft gripping hand carried by a robot which can grip an end of the weft of the new cop stored in the cop storage means and a part of the weft extending from the current cop, a pair of locating pins projecting upright from the table to cross the wefts at three points by passing the wefts along different sides of the locating pins in a criss-cross manner with the weft gripping hand, disengaging arms placed under the wefts between the locating pins to selectively disengage the wefts from the locating pins by pushing off the weft from the locating pins.

When the woven fabric consists of press felt for removing water from paper web during a paper making process, it is important to spread the tied points of the weft over the entire fabric in order to avoid creating flaws in the produced paper. To achieve this goal, it is preferred that the weft pulling means comprises tied point varying means for changing the point of tying by changing the length of a span of the weft between the tied point of the weft and the current cop. According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the tied point varying means comprises a stationary rod projecting upright from the table, a moveable rod projecting upright from the table so as to be able to move toward and away from the stationary rod to change the tied point relative to the cop at its terminal point, and means of retracting the rods into the table to disengage the weft therefrom.

According to a particularly advantageous aspect of the present invention, the cop replacing means comprises a robot arm having a cop raising hand for moving a cop between its retracted position in the shuttle and its upright position in the shuttle, and a cop gripping hand for gripping a cop and carrying it between its upright position in the shuttle and its storage position in the cop storage means. For instance, the cop may be pivotally and detachably supported at its base end by the shuttle so as to be pivotable between its upright position and its retracted position, and the cop raising hand may comprise a spherical head which is adapted to engage a free end of the cop and move it between its upright position and its retracted position.

According to another particularly advantageous aspect of the present invention, the cop raising hand and the cop gripping hand are mounted on a same robot arm as the weft gripping hand, and the weft gripping hand comprises a pair of pawls which are pivotally connected to each other by a pivot shaft to grip a weft between the pawls, and the spherical head of the cop raising hand is formed at an end of the pivot shaft.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Now the present invention is described in the following in terms of a specific embodiment with reference to the appended drawings, in which:

  • Figure 1 is a general plan view showing the device for automatically changing cops for a weaving machine according to the present invention;
  • Figure 2 is a front view as seen from the arrow lines II-II of Figure 1;
  • Figure 3 is a side view of an essential part of the device as seen from the arrow lines III-III of Figure 1;
  • Figure 4 is a perspective view of an essential part of the device;
  • Figure 5 is an enlarged view of an essential part of the device showing the arm portion of the robot;
  • Figure 6 is an end view as seen from arrow VI of Figure 5;
  • Figure 7 is an end view as seen from arrow VII of Figure 5;
  • Figure 8 is a plan view as seen from arrow VIII of Figure 3; and
  • Figure 9 is a side view of an essential part as seen from line IX-IX of Figure 8.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Figures 1 through 4 show an embodiment of the cop changing device according to the present invention which may be used for weaving the ground fabric for the press felt to be used for making paper. A sheet of ground fabric is woven on the left hand side of the arrangement illustrated in Figures 1 and 2, and a pair of shuttle boxes are placed on either side of this arrangement although only the shuttle box 1 on the right hand side is illustrated. A shuttle 2 is shot from the shuttle box 1 by a hammer unit not shown in the drawing, and is shot back from the other shuttle box in such a manner that the ground fabric may be woven by using a reed and leasing machine while the shuttle 2 reciprocates in the direction indicated by the arrow A in the drawing between the warps 3 to weave a weft 4 between the warps 3. The shuttle boxes 1 are provided with brake units for the shuttle 2. Each shuttle box 1 may contain a plurality of shuttles carrying different kinds of weft so that they may be used interchangeably to obtain a desired property of the woven fabric.

A fixed frame 5 consisting of a channel member is disposed along the direction of the movement of the shuttle 2, and a moveable base 8 for a shuttle positioning unit 7 is slidably supported by a slide rail 6 extending on the fixed frame 5 as illustrated in Figure 2. The moveable base 8 can move in the direction indicated by the arrow B in Figure 2 at two different strokes as described hereinafter by means of a small air cylinder 11 which coupled with the moveable base 8 at its free end and fixedly secured to a moveable bracket 9 supported by the slide rail 6 in the same manner as the moveable base 8 at its base end, and a large air cylinder 12 which is coupled with the moveable bracket 9 at its free end and fixedly secured to the fixed frame 5 at its base end. The shuttle positioning unit 7 carried by the moveable base 8 guides an arm portion 14, carrying a suction pad 13 at its free end for engaging a front end portion of the shuttle 2 by vacuum, so as to be able to move in the vertical direction indicated by the arrow C in Figure 2 by way of a pair of guide rods 15, and is driven by an air cylinder 16 along the vertical direction in Figure 2. The suction pad 13 is coupled with a vacuum generator not shown in the drawings.

A slot 17 of a middle part of the shuttle 2 receives therein a wooden bobbin 21 which is detachably fitted on a tongue 18 at its one end. The tongue 18 is pivotally supported by the shuttle 2 at an end of the slot 17 so as to permit a pivotal movement of the wooden bobbin 19 into and out of the slot 17. A cop 19 consisting of this wooden bobbin 21 around which a weft 4 is wound is retained in the slot 17 in a horizontal condition or in its retracted position as indicated by the imaginary lines in Figure 1 during the flight of the shuttle 2, and the weft 4 unwound from the cop 19 is fed out from a shuttle eye provided on one side of the shuttle 2.

When the shuttle 2 has reciprocated a prescribed number of times and the weft 4 stored in the cop 19 has been consumed beyond a prescribed amount, the shuttle positioning unit 7 pulls out the shuttle 2, which has reached a terminal point of its reciprocating movement and has been held stationary in the shuttle box 1 by the brake unit not shown in the drawing, to the position indicated by the solid lines in Figure 2 by engaging the front end of the shuttle 2 by suction and the shuttle 2 is placed on a support base 23 so that the cop 19 or the current cop 19 may be replaced with a new one as described hereinafter. To prevent the rear end of the shuttle 2 from being lifted from this position, a securing air cylinder 22 is mounted on a part of the fixed frame not shown in the drawing. The shuttle 2 is thus positioned adjacent to a gate la of the shuttle box 2 situated at a terminal end of the flight path of the shuttle 2 when the cop 19 is to be replaced.

As shown in Figure 1, a multi-link robot 24 is mounted on a common table 25 which is disposed on one side of the thus positioned shuttle 2. As illustrated in Figures 5 and 6, the robot 24 is provided, at the free end of its single arm 26, with a hand assembly in the form of a wooden bobbin gripping hand 27 which can clamp the free end of the wooden bobbin 21, a weft gripping hand 28 which can engage the weft 4, and a wooden bobbin engaging hand 29 which can engage with an opening provided at the free end of the wooden bobbin as illustrated in Figure 7. The arm 26 has a base 26a rotatable around a vertical axis.

The wooden bobbin gripping hand 27 comprises a pair of air cylinders 31 disposed coaxially and opposite to each other, a pair of arm assemblies 33 which are each secured to the piston 32 of the corresponding one of the air cylinders 31 and extend downward as seen in Figure 6 in parallel with each other, and pads 34 attached to the opposing surfaces of the free ends of the arm assemblies 33. A return coil spring 35 is interposed between the two pistons 34 to elastically urge the arm assemblies 33 away from each other to the positions for non-active state as indicated by the solid lines in Figure 6. In active state, the two arm assemblies 33 are driven in the direction indicated by the arrow D in Figure 6, and can clamp the free end of the wooden bobbin 21 with their pads 34 as indicated by the imaginary lines in Figure 6.

The weft gripping hand 28 comprises a fixed pawl 37 formed at the free end of a fixed hand 36 and a moveable hand 38 having a moveable pawl 39. The moveable hand 38 is rotatably supported by a pivot shaft 40 extending across a slot formed in the fixed hand 36, and the moveable pawl 39 can be closed and opened by an air cylinder 30 in the direction indicated by the arrow E. The wooden bobbin engaging hand 29 is provided with a spherical head 41 integrally formed at one end of the pivot shaft 40 fixedly secured to the fixed hand 36, and can engage with an opening provided at the free end of the wooden bobbin 21 as illustrated in Figure 7.

An ejection chute 42 is provided in an upper right corner of the common table 25 as seen in Figure 1 to remove used cops 19, and a cop storage unit 44 is provided to the right of the common table 25 to store new cops 43 which are going to be used. Each of the new cops 43 comprises a new wooden bobbin 46 around which a new weft 45 that is to be connected to the old weft 4 is wound, and is stored in an appropriate part of the cop storage unit 44.

At the lower right corner of the common table 25, as seen in Figure 1, is disposed a weft tying unit 47 for connecting the old weft 4 with a new weft 45. Adjacent to this weft tying unit 47 are disposed a hook 48 for guiding the weft 4 taken out from the cop 19 mounted on the shuttle 2 to the weft tying unit 47, and another hook 49 for similarly guiding the new weft 45 taken out from the new cop 43 stored in the cop storage unit 44. The common table 25 also carries a guide rod 51 for guiding the weft 4 taken out from the shuttle 2 to the weft tying unit 47 from a side opposite to the hooks 48 and 49. The common table 25 further carries, each at a suitable location, a tying point varying unit 52 including a moveable guide rod 50 which can move along the direction indicated by the arrow F in Figure 1 in either direction to change its position relative to the guide rod 51 so that the point of tying the old weft 4 and the new weft 45 may be shifted relative to each other, a clamp unit 53 for supporting the free end of the new weft 45, and a trimmed weft recovery unit 54 for recovering an extraneous part of the new weft 45 which has been tied to the weft 4.

The aforementioned weft tying unit 47 consists of an ultrasonic or high frequency welder 56 which can move vertically by means of a support shaft 55 securely mounted upright on the common table 25 as best shown in Figures 3 and 4, a pair of locating pins 58 for crossing the weft 4 and the new weft 45 at three points as best shown in Figures 8 and 9, weft trimmers 57 for severing the used-up cop from the current weft and trimming an extraneous part of the weft after it has been tied, and a remover 59 for disengaging the current weft 4 and the new weft 45 from the locating pins 58 after they are tied up together into a single weft. The main body of the welder 56 which is supported by the support shaft 55 in the manner of a cantilever is provided with a welding horn 61 which can move downwards from the lower end surface of the main body and upwards thereto, and an anvil 62 for the welder 56 is mounted on a part of the common table 25 associated with the welding horn 61 so that the three crossing points of the weft 4 and the new weft 45 passed across the locating pins 58 may be gripped between the welding horn 61 and the anvil 62 to weld the wefts together.

The weft trimmers 57 are provided on either side of the anvil 62, and each of them is constructed as a shear having a fixed blade 63 and a moveable blade 64 so that the old cop 19 may be severed from the current weft 4 or an extraneous part of the weft 45 of the new cop 46 may be trimmed, as the case may be, by driving the moveable blade 64 in the direction indicated by the arrow G in Figure 9 by means of an air cylinder or the like which is not shown in the drawings. The remover 59 is provided with a pair of parallel arm portions 65 which are located below the tied points of the weft 4 and the new weft 45 to remove the connected weft from the locating pins 58 after it has been tied up, and an air cylinder 66 fixedly secured to the common table 25 to vertically drive the arm portions 65.

According to the automatic cop changing device which has been described above, the shuttle 2 which has been kept stationary at a prescribed location, the new cops 43 stored in the cop storage unit 44, and the aforementioned units mounted on the common table 25 are located within the moveable range of the arm 26 of the robot 24. The aforementioned units are automatically activated according to a work flow which has been programed by a control unit such as a sequencer not shown in the drawings, and an optical sensor for detecting the amount of the weft remaining on the cop, and a limit switch for detecting breakage of the weft 4 are arranged at appropriate locations as sensors required for such automatic operation of the device.

A slack preventing unit 67 is mounted on a fixed frame not shown in the drawings to prevent any slack in the part of the weft 4 extending between the ground fabric and the shuttle 2 when the weft 4 is taken out from the shuttle 2. This slack preventing unit 67 is provided with a fixed ring 68, and a gripper 69 which can grip the weft 4 from inside the fixed ring 67 as illustrated in Figures 2 and 4. The gripper 69 is coupled with the free end of the piston rod of an air cylinder 70 via an actuator 71 for opening and closing the gripper 69 so that it may be able to be driven vertically in either direction by the air cylinder 70.

Now the operation of the above described device is now described in the following.

First of all, the free end of the new weft 45 taken out from the new cop 43 stored in the cop storage unit 44 is gripped and pulled out by the weft gripping hand 28 and is hooked upon the hook 49. Thereafter, the new weft 45 is passed across the locating pins 58 in a zig-zag manner, and the free end of the new weft 45 is fitted into the trimmed weft recovery unit 54 by way of the clamp unit 53, thus setting the new weft 45 in the state illustrated in Figure 1.

While the shuttle 2 is flying, the shuttle positioning unit 7 keeps the air cylinder 16 in its retracted state and stays in its waiting condition with the small air cylinder 11 in its extended state and the large air cylinder 12 in its retracted state, as indicated by the arrow X in Figure 2.

After the shuttle 2 has reciprocated a prescribed number of times, the shuttle 2 is held stationary in the shuttle box 1, and, by extending the air cylinder 16 while the small air cylinder 11 is kept in its extended state and the large air cylinder 12 kept in its retracted state, the arm portion 14 is brought into alignment with the gate 1a of the shuttle box 1. Then, the small air cylinder 11 is retracted to engage the suction pad 13 with the free end portion of the shuttle 2 as indicated by the arrow Y in Figure 2, and the shuttle 2 is pulled out to the position indicated by the solid lines in the drawing by engaging the front end portion of the shuttle 2 by the suction pad 13 by suction and extending both the air cylinders 11 and 12. Thereafter, the piston rod of the securing air cylinder 22 is lowered from its waiting position indicated by the imaginary lines in Figure 2 onto the upper surface of the shuttle 2 to locate and fix the shuttle 2 against the support base 23. The slack removal unit 67 is then activated and the gripper 69 is pulled up to the positioning indicated by the arrow Z to remove slack in the part of the weft 4 extending between the shuttle 2 and the ground fabric.

Then, the arm 26 of the robot 24 is activated so as to raise up the wooden bobbin 21 by engaging the opening at the free end of the wooden bobbin 21 lying in the shuttle 2 with the wooden bobbin engaging hand 29, and so as to pull out the part of the weft 4 adjacent to the cop 19 by gripping and pulling it with the weft gripping hand 28. The weft 4 which has been pulled out from the cop 19 is hooked around the fixed guide rod 51 and the moveable guide rod 50 of the tying point changing unit 52, passed across the locating pins 58, and then hooked around the hook 48 to thereby set up the weft 4 as illustrated in Figure 1.

Then, the welding horn 61 is lowered to weld the three intersections of the weft 4 and the new weft 45 which have been set up as illustrated in Figure 8 by clamping them against the anvil 62. Thereafter, the old cop 19 is severed from the current weft 4 and an extraneous part of the weft 45 of the new cop 43 is trimmed by the weft trimmers 57 to thereby complete the connection of the weft 4 with the new weft 45 as a single continuous weft. When the welding horn 61 is lifted up, the welded parts of the old weft 4 and the new weft 45 are disengaged from the locating pins 58 by the remover 59.

Since the tying points of the old and new wefts would appear along a same row in the ground fabric if they were tied at regular interval, the present device changes the position of the moveable guide rods 50 relative to the fixed guide rod 51 appropriately in order to disperse the knots produced by these tying points over the entire ground fabric.

Upon completion of the process of tying the wefts together, the wooden bobbin 21 is pulled out from the tongue 18 of the shuttle 2 by gripping the wooden bobbin 21 with the wooden bobbin gripping hand 28 of the robot 24, and is removed out into the ejection chute 42. The wooden bobbin gripping hand 28 then grips a new wooden bobbin 46 stored in the wooden bobbin storage unit 44 which is to be used next, and carries it to the shuttle 2 where the wooden bobbin 46 is fitted onto the tongue 18 and is laid inside the slot 17 into the same state as that of the wooden bobbin 21 indicated by the imaginary lines in Figure 1 to place it ready for the next weaving process. Then, the securing air cylinder 22 is brought into its retracted state. While the cop is being replaced, the trimmed part of the new weft 45 is recovered by the trimmed weft recovery unit 54.

After the shuttle 2 carrying the new wooden bobbin 46 is restored into the shuttle box 1 by retracting the two air cylinders 11 and 12, vacuum is turned off, and the movements of the cylinders 11, 12 and 16 are reversed to bring the shuttle positioning unit 7 to its waiting position indicated by the arrow X in Figure 2. According to the present embodiment, immediately before shooting the shuttle 2 from the shuttle box 1 to start the process of weaving, the gripper 69 of the slack removing unit 67 is lifted to its upper most position to remove slack from the weft, and the grip of the gripper 69 on the weft is released at the same time as the shooting of the shuttle 2. Therefore, slacking of the weft resulting from the replacement of the cop can be automatically removed when resuming the process of weaving. Thus, severe impulsive tensioning of the weft 4, hence the possibility of breaking the weft can be avoided.

According to the present embodiment, the device of the present invention is provided only in one of the shuttle boxes, and, in case of a failure of the device, replacement of the cops can be carried out manually in conventional manner on the other shuttle box which is provided with a sufficient space for that. Alternatively, a pair of such devices may be disposed on either side, and, in this case, the cops may be replaced on either side to more efficiently utilize the weft.

Thus, according to the present invention, since a series of steps related to the processes of positioning the shuttle, tying the wefts, and replacing the cops can be carried out automatically without involving any manual process, replacement of cops for weaving can be carried out automatically and the cost of the weaving process can be reduced to a significant extent. Also, since the various actions can be effected with a single robot arm, the cop changing device may be simplified and made highly compact.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Automatische Spulenwechselvorrichtung für eine Webmaschine, in der ein Schützen (2), der eine Spule (19) trägt, die aus einer Fadenspule (21) mit einem darum herum gewickelten Schußfaden (4) besteht, zwischen Kettfäden (3) hin- und herbewegt wird, um den Schußfaden zwischen die Kettfäden zu weben, wobei die Vorrichtung folgendes aufweist:
    • eine Spulenpositioniereinrichtung (7), die den Schützen in der Nähe von einem Endpunkt seiner Hin- und Herbewegung stationär hält, wenn der Schußfaden einer an dem Schützen angebrachten aktuellen Spule um mehr als eine vorgegebene Menge verbraucht ist;
    • eine Spulenmagazineinheit (44) zur Aufnahme einer Vielzahl von neuen Spulen;
    • eine Schußfadenabzieheinrichtung (28), die den Schußfaden von der aktuellen Spule und einen Schußfaden von einer in der Spulenmagazineinheit aufgenommenen neuen Spule abzieht und die beiden Schußfäden überkreuzt;
    • eine Schußfadenanknüpfungseinrichtung (47) zum Anknüpfen der überkreuzten Teile der Schußfäden;
    • eine Schußfadenabschneideinrichtung (57) zum Abschneiden eines überflüssigen Teils des angeknüpften Schußfadens; und
    • eine Spulenauswechseleinrichtung (27) zum Entnehmen der aktuellen Spule aus dem Schützen und Anbringen der neuen Spule an dem Schützen;
    dadurch gekennzeichnet,

    daß die Spulenauswechseleinrichtung aus einem einzelnen Roboterarm (26) besteht, der folgendes aufweist: eine Basis, die um eine vertikale Achse drehbar ist, eine Armeinheit, die in bezug auf die Basis sowohl radial als auch vertikal bewegbar ist, und eine Handeinheit, die an einem freien Ende der Armeinheit getragen ist, um die Schützen zu manipulieren.
  2. Automatische Spulenwechselvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Anknüpfungseinrichtung aus einer Schweißeinheit (56) besteht.
  3. Automatische Spulenwechselvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, die ferner eine Durchhang-Entfernungseinrichtung (67) aufweist, um einen Durchhang von dem angeknüpften Schußfaden aufzunehmen, nachdem die neue Spule an dem Schützen angebracht worden ist und bevor der Schützen von dem genannten Endpunkt seiner Hin- und Herbewegung zu einem anderen Endpunkt geschossen wird.
  4. Automatische Spulenwechselvorrichtung nach Anspruch 3, wobei die Durchhang-Entfernungseinrichtung folgendes aufweist: einen stationären Ring (68), der angrenzend an einen Teil des Schußfadens von der neuen Spule plaziert ist, einen Greifer (69), der den Schußfaden nach Bedarf selektiv von der Innenseite des stationären Rings greifen und ihn loslassen kann, und eine Greiferantriebseinrichtung (70), um den Greifer selektiv von dem stationären Ring weg und zu diesem hin zu bewegen.
  5. Automatische Spulenwechselvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Schußfadenabzieheinrichtung folgendes aufweist: einen Tisch (62), eine von einem Roboter getragene Schußfadengreifhand (36), die ein Ende des Schußfadens der in der Spulenmagazineinheit aufgenommenen neuen Spule und einen Teil des sich von der aktuellen Spule aus erstrekkenden Schußfadens greifen kann, ein Paar von Positionierstiften (58), die von dem Tisch aufrecht vorstehen, damit die Schußfäden an drei Stellen einander überkreuzen, wobei die Schußfäden mittels der Schußfadengreifhand entlang verschiedenen Seiten der Positionierstifte auf einander überkreuzende Weise geführt werden, wobei Trennarme (65) unter den Schußfäden plaziert sind, um die Schußfäden von den Positionierstiften wegzuschieben.
  6. Automatische Spulenwechselvorrichtung nach Anspruch 5, wobei die Schußfadenabzieheinrichtung eine Anknüpfungsstellenänderungseinrichtung (52) aufweist, um die Stelle des Anknüpfens durch die Schußfadenanknüpfungseinrichtung dadurch zu ändern, daß die Länge eines Abschnitts des Schußfadens zwischen dem Anknüpfungspunkt des Schußfadens und der aktuellen Spule geändert wird.
  7. Automatische Spulenwechselvorrichtung nach Anspruch 6, wobei die Anknüpfungsstellenänderungseinrichtung folgendes aufweist: eine stationäre Stange (51), die von dem Tisch aufrecht vorsteht, eine bewegliche Stange (50), die von dem Tisch aufrecht so vorsteht, daß sie imstande ist, sich zu der stationären Stange und von dieser weg zu bewegen, um die Anknüpfungsstelle relativ zu der Spule an dem Endpunkt zu ändern, und eine Einrichtung zum Einziehen der Stangen in den Tisch, um den Schußfaden davon zu lösen.
  8. Automatische Spulenwechselvorrichtung nach Anspruch 6, wobei die Handeinheit ferner die Schußfadengreifhand (36) aufweist.
  9. Automatische Spulenwechselvorrichtung nach Anspruch 8, wobei die Schußfadengreifhand ein Paar von Klauen (37, 39) aufweist, die mit einer Drehachse (40) schwenkbar miteinander verbunden sind, um einen Schußfaden zwischen den Klauen zu greifen, wobei der kugelförmige Kopf (41) der Spulenanhebehand an einem Ende der Drehachse ausgebildet ist.
  10. Automatische Spulenwechselvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Handeinheit folgendes aufweist: eine Spulenanhebehand (28) zum Bewegen einer Spule zwischen einer zurückgezogenen Position in dem Schützen und einer aufrechten Position in dem Schützen, und eine Spulengreifhand (29) zum Ergreifen einer Spule und Fördern derselben zwischen ihrer aufrechten Position in dem Schützen und einer Aufbewahrungsposition in der Spulenmagazineinheit.
  11. Automatische Spulenwechselvorrichtung nach Anspruch 10, wobei die Spule an ihrem Basisende von dem Schützen schwenkbar und abnehmbar so abgestützt ist, daß sie zwischen ihrer aufrechten Position und ihrer zurückgezogenen Position schwenkbar ist, und wobei die Spulenanhebehand einen kugelförmigen Kopf (41) aufweist, der dazu ausgebildet ist, mit einem freien Ende der Spule in Eingriff zu gelangen und sie zwischen ihrer aufrechten Position und ihrer zurückgezogenen Position zu bewegen.
  12. Automatische Spulenwechselvorrichtung nach den Ansprüchen 1 bis 11,

    die zusätzlich eine Durchhang-Entfernungseinrichtung (67) aufweist, um einen Durchhang von dem angeknüpften Schußfaden aufzunehmen, nachdem die neue Spule an dem Schützen angebracht worden ist und bevor der Schützen von dem Endpunkt seiner Hin- und Herbewegung zu einem anderen Endpunkt geschossen wird.
  13. Automatische Spulenwechselvorrichtung nach Anspruch 12, wobei die Durchhang-Entfernungseinrichtung folgendes aufweist: einen stationären Ring (68), der angrenzend an einen Teil des Schußfadens von der neuen Spule plaziert ist, einen Greifer, der den Schußfaden nach Bedarf selektiv von der Innenseite des stationären Rings greifen und ihn freigeben kann, und eine Greiferantriebseinrichtung (170), um den Greifer selektiv von und zu dem stationären Ring zu bewegen.
  14. Automatische Spulenwechselvorrichtung nach Anspruch 13, wobei die Schußfadenabzieheinrichtung eine Anknüpfungsstellenänderungseinheit (52) aufweist, um die Stelle des Anknüpfens durch die Schußfadenanknüpfungseinheit dadurch zu ändern, daß die Länge des Abschnitts des Schußfadens zwischen dem Anknüpfungspunkt des Schußfadens und der aktuellen Spule geändert wird.
  15. Automatische Spulenwechselvorrichtung nach Anspruch 12, wobei die Anknüpfungsstellenänderungseinheit folgendes aufweist: eine stationäre Stange (51), die von einem Tisch (25) aufrecht vorsteht, eine bewegliche Stange (50), die von dem Tisch aufrecht so vorsteht, daß sie imstande ist, sich zu der stationären Stange und davon weg zu bewegen, um die Anknüpfungsstelle relativ zu der Spule an deren Endpunkt zu ändern, und eine Einrichtung zum Einziehen der Stangen in den Tisch, um den Schußfaden davon zu lösen.
  16. Automatische Spulenwechselvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 15,

    wobei die an einem freien Ende der Armeinheit getragene Handeinheit einen Schußfaden von der aktuellen Spule und einen Schußfaden von einer der in der Spulenmagazineinheit aufgenommenen neuen Spulen abzieht und zusätzlich eine Schußfadenfestlegeeinrichtung (48, 49, 53) aufweist, um die beiden von der Handeinheit abgezogenen Schußfäden vorübergehend in einem überkreuzten Zustand festzuhalten.
Anspruch[en]
  1. An automatic cop changing device for a weaving machine in which a shuttle (2) carrying a cop (19) consisting of a bobbin (21) around which a weft (4) is wound is reciprocated between warps (3) so as to weave said weft between said warps, comprising:
    • cop positioning means (7) for keeping said shuttle stationary near a terminal point of its reciprocating movement when the weft of a current cop mounted on said shuttle is consumed by more than a prescribed amount;
    • cop storage means (44) for storing a plurality of new cops; weft pulling means (28) for drawing the weft from said current cop and a weft from one of said new cops stored in said cop storage means, and crossing said two wefts;
    • weft tying means (47) for tying said crossed part of said wefts:
    • weft trimming means (57) for trimming an extraneous part of said tied weft; and
    • cop replacing means (27) for removing said current cop from said shuttle, and mounting said new cop on said shuttle;
       characterised in that said cop replacing means consists of a single robot arm (26) comprising a base rotatable around a vertical axis, an arm assembly movable both radially and vertically with respect to said base, and a hand assembly carried by a free end of said arm assembly to manipulate said shuttles.
  2. An Automatic cop changing device according to claim 1 wherein said tying means consists of a welding unit (56).
  3. An automatic cop changing device according to claim 1, further comprising slack removing means (67) for taking up slack from said tied weft after said new cop is mounted on said shuttle and before said shuttle is shot from said terminal point of its reciprocating movement to another terminal point.
  4. An automatic cop changing device according to claim 3, wherein said slack removing means comprising a stationary ring (68) placed adjacent to a part of said weft from said new cop, a gripper (69) which can selectively grip said weft from inside said stationary ring and release it as required, and gripper driving means (70) for selectively moving said gripper away from and towards said stationary ring.
  5. An automatic cop changing device according to claim 1, wherein said weft pulling means comprises a table (62), a weft gripping hand (36) carried by a robot which can grip an end of said weft of said new cop stored in said cop storage means and a part of said weft extending from said current cop, a pair of locating pins (58) projecting upright from said table to cross said wefts at three points by passing said wefts along different sides of said locating pins in a criss-cross manner with said weft gripping hand, disengaging arms (65) placed under said wefts from said locating pins by pushing off said weft from said locating pins.
  6. An automatic cop changing device according to claim 5, wherein said weft pulling means comprises tied point varying means (52) for changing the point of tying by said weft tying means by changing the length of a span of said weft between said point of tying of said weft and said current cop.
  7. An automatic cop changing device according to claim 6, wherein said tied point varying means comprises a stationary rod (51) projecting upright from said table, a moveable rod (50) projecting upright from said table so as to be able to move toward and away from said stationary rod to change said point of tying relative to said cop at said terminal point, and means of retracting said rods into said table to disengage said weft therefrom.
  8. An automatic cop changing device according to claim 6, wherein said hand assembly further comprises said weft gripping hand (36).
  9. An automatic cop changing device according to claim 8, wherein said weft gripping hand comprises a pair of pawls (37, 39) which are pivotally connected to each other by a pivot shaft (40) so as to grip a weft between said pawls, and said spherical head (41) of said cop raising hand is formed at an end of said pivot shaft.
  10. An automatic cop changing device according to claim 1, wherein said hand assembly comprises a cop raising hand (28) for moving a cop between a retracted position is said shuttle and an upright position is said shuttle, and a cop gripping hand (29) for gripping a cop and carrying it between its upright position in said shuttle and a storage position in said cop storage means.
  11. An automatic cop changing device according to claim 10, wherein said cop is pivotally and detachably supported at its base end by said shuttle so as to be pivotable between its upright position and its retracted position, and said cop raising hand comprises a spherical head (41) which is adapted to engage a free end of said cop and move it between its upright position and its retracted position.
  12. An automatic cop changing device according to claims 1 to 24 additionally comprising slack removing means (67) for taking up slack from said tied weft after said new cop is mounted on said shuttle and before said shuttle is shot from terminal point of its reciprocating movement to another terminal point.
  13. An automatic cop changing device according to claim 12, wherein said slack removing means comprises a stationary ring (68) placed adjacent to a part of said weft from said new cop, a gripper which can selectively grip said weft from inside said stationary ring and release it as required, and a gripper driving means (170) for selectively moving said gripper away from and towards said stationary ring.
  14. An automatic cop changing device according to claim 13, wherein said weft pulling means comprises tied point varying means (52) for changing the point of tying by said weft tying means by changing the length of span of said weft between said point of tying of said weft and said current cop.
  15. An automatic cop changing device according to claim 12, wherein said tied point varying means comprises a stationary rod (51) projecting upright from a table (25), a moveable rod (50) projecting upright from said table so as to be able to move toward and away from said stationary rod to change said point of tying relative to said cop at its terminal point, and means of retracting said rods into said table to disengage said weft therefrom.
  16. An automatic cop changing device according to any of claims 1 to 15 in which said hand assembly carried by a free end of said arm assembly draws a weft from said current cop and a weft from one of said new cops stored in said cop storage means and additionally comprises weft securing means (48,49,53) for temporarily securing said two wefts drawn by said hand assembly in a crossed state.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Dispositif automatique de changement de canette pour un métier à tisser dans lequel une navette (2) portant une canette (19) consistant en une bobine (21) autour de laquelle une trame (4) est enroulée est mue en un va-et-vient entre des chaînes (3) de façon à tisser ladite trame entre lesdites chaînes, comprenant :
    • un moyen (7) de mise en position de la canette pour garder ladite navette immobile près d'un point terminal de son mouvement de va-et-vient lorsque la trame d'une canette courante montée sur ladite navette est consommée au-delà d'un degré prescrit;
    • des moyens (44) de stockage de canettes pour stocker une pluralité de nouvelles canettes;
    • des moyens (28) de tirage de trame pour tirer la trame depuis ladite canette courante et une trame depuis une desdites nouvelles canettes stockées dans lesdits moyens de stockage de canettes, et pour croiser lesdites deux trames;
    • des moyens (47) de nouage de trame pour nouer lesdites parties croisées desdites trames;
    • des moyens (57) de coupe de trame pour couper une partie externe de ladite trame nouée; et
    • des moyens (27) de remplacement de canette pour retirer ladite canette courante de ladite navette, et monter ladite nouvelle canette sur ladite navette,
    caractérisé en ce que

       lesdits moyens de remplacement de canette comprennent un bras de robot (26) unique comprenant une base rotative autour d'un axe vertical, un ensemble de bras déplaçable radialement et verticalement par rapport à ladite base, et un ensemble de main porté par une extrémité libre dudit ensemble de bras pour manipuler lesdites navettes.
  2. Dispositif automatique de changement de canette suivant la revendication 1, dans lequel lesdits moyens de nouage consistent en une unité de soudage (56).
  3. Dispositif automatique de changement de canette suivant la revendication 1, comprenant en outre des moyens (67) de suppression du mou pour rattraper le mou venant de ladite trame nouée après que ladite nouvelle canette a été montée sur ladite navette et avant que ladite navette ne soit propulsée depuis ledit point terminal de son mouvement de va-et-vient jusqu'à un autre point terminal.
  4. Dispositif automatique de changement de canette suivant la revendication 3, dans lequel lesdits moyens de suppression du mou comprennent un anneau immobile (68) placé à proximité d'une partie de ladite trame venant de ladite nouvelle canette, une pince (69) qui peut saisir sélectivement ladite trame depuis l'intérieur dudit anneau immobile et la relâcher si cela est souhaité, et des moyens (70) de commande de pince pour déplacer sélectivement ladite pince loin de et vers ledit anneau immobile.
  5. Dispositif automatique de changement de canette suivant la revendication 1, dans lequel lesdits moyens de tirage de trame comprennent une table (62), une main (36) de saisie de trame portée par un robot qui peut saisir une extrémité de ladite trame de ladite nouvelle canette stockée dans lesdits moyens de stockage de canettes et une partie de ladite trame s'étendant depuis ladite canette courante, une paire d'épingles de fixation (58) saillant verticalement depuis ladite table pour croiser lesdites trames en trois points en passant lesdites trames le long des différents côtés desdites épingles de fixation d'une manière entrecroisée avec ladite main de saisie de trame, des bras de dégagement (65) placés sous lesdites trames pour repousser ladite trame depuis lesdites épingles de fixation.
  6. Dispositif automatique de changement de canette suivant la revendication 5, dans lequel lesdits moyens de tirage de trame comprennent des moyens (52) de modification du point noué pour changer le point de nouage par lesdits moyens de nouage de trame en changeant la longueur d'écartement de ladite trame entre ledit point de nouage de ladite trame et ladite canette courante.
  7. Dispositif automatique de changement de canette suivant la revendication 6, dans lequel lesdits moyens de modification du point noué comprennent une baguette immobile (51) saillant verticalement depuis ladite table, une baguette mobile (50) saillant verticalement depuis ladite table de façon à être capable de se déplacer vers et loin de ladite baguette immobile pour changer ledit point de nouage par rapport à ladite canette audit point terminal, et des moyens pour retirer lesdites baguettes dans ladite table pour dégager ladite trame de celles-ci.
  8. Dispositif automatique de changement de canette suivant la revendication 6, dans lequel ledit ensemble de main comprend en outre ladite main de saisie de trame (36).
  9. Dispositif automatique de changement de canette suivant la revendication 8, dans lequel ladite main de saisie de trame de canette comprend une paire de doigts (37, 39) qui sont reliés l'un à l'autre de façon pivotante par un arbre de pivot (40) de façon à saisir une trame entre lesdits doigts, et ladite tête sphérique (41) de ladite main de soulèvement de canette est formée à une extrémité dudit arbre de pivot.
  10. Dispositif automatique de changement de canette suivant la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit ensemble de main comprend une main de soulèvement de canette (28) pour déplacer une canette entre une position rentrée dans ladite navette et une position verticale dans ladite navette, et une main de saisie de canette (29) pour saisir une canette et la porter entre sa position verticale dans ladite navette et une position de stockage dans lesdits moyens de stockage.
  11. Dispositif automatique de changement de canette suivant la revendication 10, dans lequel ladite canette est supportée à pivotement et de manière détachable au niveau de son extrémité de base par ladite navette de manière à pouvoir pivoter entre sa position verticale et sa position rentrée, et ladite main de soulèvement de canette comprend une tête sphérique (41) qui est adaptée pour engager une extrémité libre de ladite canette et la déplacer entre sa position verticale et sa position rentrée.
  12. Dispositif automatique de changement de canette suivant la revendication 1, comprenant en outre des moyens (67) de suppression du mou pour rattraper le mou venant de ladite trame nouée après que ladite nouvelle canette a été montée sur ladite navette et avant que ladite navette ne soit propulsée depuis ledit point terminal de son mouvement de va-et-vient jusqu'à un autre point terminal.
  13. Dispositif automatique de changement de canette suivant la revendication 12, dans lequel lesdits moyens de suppression du mou comprennent un anneau immobile (68) placé à proximité d'une partie de ladite trame venant de ladite nouvelle canette, une pince qui peut saisir sélectivement ladite trame depuis l'intérieur dudit anneau immobile et la relâcher si cela est souhaité, et un moyen (170) de commande de pince pour déplacer sélectivement ladite pince loin de et vers ledit anneau immobile.
  14. Dispositif automatique de changement de canette suivant la revendication 13, dans lequel lesdits moyens de tirage de trame comprennent des moyens (52) de modification du point noué pour changer le point de nouage par lesdits moyens de nouage de trame en changeant la longueur d'écartement de ladite trame entre ledit point de nouage de ladite trame et ladite canette courante.
  15. Dispositif automatique de changement de canette suivant la revendication 12, dans lequel lesdits moyens de modification du point noué comprennent une baguette immobile (51) saillant verticalement depuis une table (25), une baguette mobile (50) saillant verticalement depuis ladite table de façon à être capable de se déplacer vers et loin de ladite baguette immobile pour changer ledit point de nouage par rapport à ladite canette audit point terminal, et des moyens pour retirer lesdites baguettes dans ladite table pour dégager ladite trame de celles-ci.
  16. Dispositif automatique de changement de canette suivant l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 15, dans lequel ledit ensemble de main porté par une extrémité libre dudit ensemble de bras tire une trame depuis ladite canette courante et une trame depuis une desdites nouvelles canettes stockées dans lesdits moyens de stockage de canettes, et comporte en outre des moyens de fixation de trame (48, 49, 53) pour fixer temporairement lesdites deux trames tirées par ledit ensemble de main dans un état croisé.






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