Dokumentenidentifikation EP0714837 19.10.2000
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0714837
Titel Einrichtung zum Trennen pulverförmiger Materialien aus einem Luftstrom
Anmelder Sintokogio, Ltd., Nagoya, Aichi, JP
Erfinder Ono, Yasushi, Toyokawa-shi, Aichi Prefecture, JP;
Kawai, Etsuzou, Toyohashi-shi, Aichi Prefecture, DE
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69518818
Vertragsstaaten DE, GB
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 29.11.1995
EP-Aktenzeichen 951187731
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 05.06.1996
EP date of grant 13.09.2000
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 19.10.2000
IPC-Hauptklasse B65G 47/18
IPC-Nebenklasse B65G 53/60   

Field of the Invention

This invention relates to a device to collect by an air flow powder material displaced from its allocated passage on a belt conveyor, separate the collected material from the air flow, and return it onto the belt conveyor or place it onto another belt conveyor.

Prior Art

Conventionally, providing seal members or skirts beside the lower end portion of a chute disposed above a belt conveyor is well-known to prevent powder material from escaping from the powder material conveying system. However, since the powder material fed from the chute and the air in the chute pressurized by the powder material are imparted great energy, the powder material tends to be blown from under the skirt and dropped from the belt conveyor. The blown powder material must be manually removed or placed again onto the belt conveyor.

In order to avoid this, another known device (DD 132 481 A2) provides a duct device disposed adjacent and outside the lower ends of the chute and above the belt conveyor for collecting said displaced material by suction (vacuum cleaning) and decreasing the pressure difference between the inside and outside of the chute walls at the discharge opening.

Japanese Utility Model Laying-Open (Kokai) No. 63-136,747 teaches a device to separate powder material from an air flow. The device has a hollow horizontal cylinder, or a centrifugal separator chamber, which has an intake at one end to receive an air flow and powder material entrained therewith, and an air outlet at the other end, and which has an elongated gate axially formed in the bottom to centrifugally separate the powder material from the air flow. The air flow entering the intake, together with the powder material, passes along the inner surface of the cylinder. The powder material is thrown through the gate by centrifugal force. Thus the powder material is separated from the air flow. If the density of the powder material in the air flow is high and thus the powder material is oversupplied to the centrifugal separator chamber, that powder that cannot be separated at the gate tends to fill the space around the air outlet nozzle and is then fed out of the air outlet into the air discharge system. A receiving chamber is disposed below the gate to receive the separated powder material. However, it is difficult to make the receiving chamber air-tight because of the need to remove the collected material therefrom. If suction is used as a source of air flow, an air flow from the receiving chamber tends to pass the gate and enter the cylinder to hinder the revolution of the powder material in the centrifugal separator chamber, resulting in the accumulation of the powder material therein. If the accumulation grows to a certain extent, the powder material not only tends to be carried out of the air outlet, but also to hinder the air flow in the centrifugal separator chamber and to decrease the rate of air flow, resulting in remarkably lowering the efficiency of the centrifugal separation, which is very disadvantageous.

Summary of the Invention

This invention as defined in claim 1 and its dependent claims aims to resolve the drawbacks mentioned above and to provide a device to automatically carry, by an air flow, powder material that leaves the allocated passage on a belt conveyor and separate the powder material from the air flow and return it on the same belt conveyor or place it onto another belt conveyor. In this invention, "powder material" includes granular or particulate material that can be carried by an air flow.

The device of the invention automatically collects the powder material by an air flow and separates it from the air flow and dumps it onto the same or another belt conveyor. When the blower is driven, an air flow is generated in the duct device. The air flow carries powder material from the duct device into the cylinder. Since the air flow passes along the inner surface of the cylinder, the powder material is thrown through the slit by centrifugal force, thereby accumulating in the chamber. When the weight of the accumulated powder material reaches a certain point which corresponds to the weight of the weighted damper, the damper automatically opens, thereby dumping the accumulated powder material onto a conveyor belt.

Brief Description of the Drawings

Fig. 1 is a schematic side view of an embodiment of the automatic device of the invention.

Fig. 2 is a cross section along line II - II in Fig. 1, shoeing a sectional view of a duct device disposed adjacent a chute and a belt conveyor.

Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the duct device with the chute and belt conveyor of Figs. 1 and 2, wherein the duct device and chute are cut into halves, and the halves are separated to show their insides.

Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the powder material separating device of the automatic device of Fig. 1.

Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional side view taken along line V - V in Fig. 1.

Fig. 6 is a cross-sectional front view taken along line VI - VI in Fig. 5.

Detailed Description of the Preferred Embodiment

In Fig. 1 an upper belt conveyor 1, a lower belt conveyor 2, and a chute 3, are arranged so that powder material is transferred from the upper belt conveyor 1 onto the lower one through the chute 3. The chute 3 is confined by walls, except that its bottom is open and faces the lower belt conveyor 2. A part of its rear wall is also open to receive the downstream end of the upper belt conveyor 1. Its top wall is provided with an opening to communicate with a dust collector (not shown). The lower belt conveyor 2 is greater in width than that of the chute 3, which is positioned in the middle of the conveyor, leaving room for spaces on both sides of the chute 3.

A duct device 10 is disposed on both sides of the lower part of the chute 3 and above those parts of a conveyor belt 4 of the lower conveyor 2 that are not covered by the chute 3. As shown in Figs. 2 and 3, the duct device 10 has two ducts 16, one disposed on each side of the chute 3. Each duct 16 has an inner wall 15 and an outer wall 17, thereby defining therebetween a passage for powder material on the conveyor belt 4. The tops of the inner and outer walls 15, 17 are bent so as to form a top for each duct. The inner wall 15 extends horizontally farther than the outer wall 17, as shown in Figs. 1 and 3. A rubber skirt, or seal member 15A, is attached to the lower end of the inner wall 15, which is spaced apart from the conveyor belt 4. The rubber seal member 15A contacts the conveyor belt 4 to minimize the amount of powder material 9 that leaks from under the seal member 15A. The powder material 9 that passes the lower end of the seal member 15A enters a space 18 defined by the inner and outer walls and conveyor belt 4. Each duct 16 has an opening 19A at its upstream end for air intake. The outer wall 17 of each duct has a slit, or opening 19, (see Fig. 2) at its lower part adjacent the conveyor belt 4. The slit may be formed by cutting the lower end of the outer wall so as to leave a space between the wall and the conveyor belt 4. This slit acts as an air intake. These ducts 16, 16 are connected by a convergent duct part 11 that straddles the powder material passage on the conveyor belt 4. The duct part 11 has an outlet 12. This outlet 12 is connected to a suction pipe 13 which is in turn connected to an intake 33 of a powder material separating device 30 disposed downstream and above the belt conveyor 2.

An additional duct device 10A, which is shown in broken lines in Fig. 1 and which is similar to the duct device 10, may be provided under a return roller 2A. The powder material adhering to the surface of the conveyor belt 4 is scraped and dropped by the return roller 2A into an opening of a duct positioned below. The collected powder material is then conveyed by the suction from the blower 40 through a duct that leads to the intake 33.

As shown in Figs. 4, 5, and 6, the separating device 30 has a concentric outer hollow cylinder 31 and inner hollow cylinder 32. These cylinders 31, 32 extend horizontally and parallel to each other. A part of the side wall of the outer cylinder is cut open near one of its ends and connected to the intake 33 as shown in Figs. 4 and 5. The other end of the outer cylinder 31 is closed by a hollow conical frustum 31A, while the first end, except for the space occupied by the inner cylinder 32, is closed by a flat annular plate 31B. A slit, or gate 34, is formed in the bottom of the outer cylinder 31, over the length of the cylindrical part thereof. One end of the inner cylinder 32 protrudes outwardly beyond the plate 31B forming the first end of the outer cylinder 31 and is connected to an intake port 41 of a low-pressure blower 40, which has an outlet port 42. The other end of the inner cylinder 32 is spaced apart from the conical frustum 31A of the outer cylinder 31, thereby providing a space 39 therebetween.

A hopper, or chamber 35, is disposed below the outer cylinder 31. The chamber has a bottom 36 that can be opened and closed in any conventional way. The bottom 36 is preferably a weighted damper having a weight 14 and a hinged support 15.

According to the structure of the device to automatically collect and separate powder material from the air flow, the suction blower 40 is begun to be driven before powder material is fed onto the belt conveyor 2 through the chute 3, so that air flows through the openings 19A and 19 into the ducts 16. Thus the powder material fed onto the conveyor belt 4 and that happened to enter the air space 18 is carried by the air flow into the outer cylinder 31. The air flow passes between the outer and inner cylinders with the centrifugal force causing it to flow, rotating along the inner surface of the outer cylinder, and the powder material entrained in the air flow is thrown out of the space through the slit 34 into the chamber 35 by centrifugal force. The air then flows into the inner cylinder 32 and through the blower 40 and is discharged from the outlet 42.

During the process, if an excessive supply of powder material is introduced into the cylinder 31, and cannot pass through the slit 34, the powder material is pressed against the inner wall of the conical frustum 31A due to inertia. Thus the powder material is not brought into the blower 40. Since the space 39 near the conical frustum 31A functions as an area that can reduce the rate of the air flow, this enhances the effect to prevent the powder material from being brought into the blower. Further, the configuration of the conical frustum causes the accumulated powder material to slip down to the chamber 35 through the slit 34 when the operation of the blower 40 is stopped, thereby preventing the growth of an accumulation of powder within the cylinders 31, 32.

Further, during the process, since the air pressure in the outer cylinder 31 is negative, i.e., lower than the air pressure outside the cylinder 31, the weighted damper 36 is tightly closed due to the pressure difference. Thus an air flow from the chamber 35 to the cylinder 31 does not occur. When the process is completed and the operation of the blower is stopped, the negative pressure caused by the suction is relieved, so that due to the weight of the accumulated powder material the damper rotates about the hinged support to be opened. Thus the material is automatically discharged onto the conveyor 2. If the sealing property of the damper is lowered for any reason and an air flow occurs from the chamber 35 through the slit 34 into the cylinder 31, the air flow might hinder the flow of the powder material through the slit 34. However, even then since the flow of the powder material is directed towards the conical frustum 31A, the speed of the revolving movement of the powder material is maintained, thereby enabling the efficiency of the separation of the powder material to be maintained.

  1. Vorrichtung zum Sammeln, mittels eines Luftstroms, von Pulvermaterial, das von einer Schurre (3) an einen Bandförderer (2) abgegeben wird und nicht in die ihm zugewiesene Bewegungsbahn auf dem Bandförderer eintritt, wobei die Vorrichtung eine Kanalvorrichtung (10) aufweist, die seitlich des unteren Endes der Schurre (3) und über dem Bandförderer (2) angeordnet ist,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Vorrichtung ferner umfaßt:
    • eine Trennvorrichtung (30) mit
      • a) einem hohlen Zylinder (31) mit einem mit der Kanalvorrichtung (10) in Verbindung stehenden Luftstromeinlaß (33) und einem Schlitz (34) an seinem Boden,'wobei der hohle Zylinder (31) eine Luftströmung vom Kanal entlang der Innenfläche des hohlen Zylinders (31) ermöglicht,
      • b) einem Sauggebläse (40) zum Ansaugen von Luft vom Kanal (10) in den hohlen Zylinder (31), wodurch die Pulvermaterial mitführende Luft von der Kanalvorrichtung (10) in den hohlen Zylinder (31) gesaugt wird und das Pulvermaterial durch Zentrifugieren von der Pulver mitführenden Luft in den Schlitz (34) des hohlen Zylinders (31) abgetrennt wird, und
      • c) einer unter dem hohlen Zylinder (31) angeordneten Sammelkammer (35) mit einer mit einer Masse belasteten Verschlußklappe (36) an ihrem Boden, wobei die Verschlußklappe (36) das abgetrennte Pulvermaterial aufzunehmen und sich automatisch zu öffnen vermag, um das abgetrennte Pulvermaterial auf ein Förderband zu entladen, wenn das auf ihr angesammelte abgetrennte Pulvermaterial eine bestimmte Menge erreicht, die dem Gewicht der mit Masse belasteten Verschlußklappe (36) entspricht.
  2. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1,

    bei der die Kanalvorrichtung (10) umfaßt:
    • a) Kanäle (16) zur beiderseitigen Abdeckung der Schurre (3) und gegen eine Oberseite des Bandes (4) des Bandförderers (2) weisend, wobei ein innenliegender, unterer Abschnitt jedes Kanals (16) eine das Band (4) berührende Dichtung (15A) aufweist, an jedem Kanal Öffnungen (19) an einem, bezogen auf die Bewegungsrichtung des Förderbandes (4), stromaufwärts gelegenen Ende und Öffnungen (19A) an einem außenliegenden, unteren Abschnitt von ihm ausgebildet sind, und
    • b) einen zusammenlaufenden Kanalteil (11), der an seinem einen Ende mit den Kanälen (16) in Verbindung steht, wobei der zusammenlaufende Kanalteil (11) stromabwärts von der Schurre (3) angeordnet ist und einen Auslaß (12) aufweist, der mit dem Luftstromeinlaß (33) des hohlen Zylinders (31) verbunden ist.
  3. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, bei der der hohle Zylinder (31) durch einen hohlen Kegelstumpf (31A) an einem ersten Ende und durch eine Platte (31B) an einem zweiten Ende verschlossen ist und einen in einer zylindrischen Wand von ihm nahe dem zweiten Ende ausgebildeten Luftstromeinlaß (33) aufweist, wobei der hohle Zylinder (31) in sich einen hohlen Innenzylinder (32) aufweist, der sich durch die Platte (31B) hindurch in das Sauggebläse (40) erstreckt, derart, daß das Sauggebläse durch den hohlen Innenzylinder (32) mit dem hohlen Zylinder (31) in Verbindung steht.
  1. Device for collecting, by means of an airflow, powder material discharged from a chute (3) onto a belt conveyor (2) and displaced from its allocated passage on the belt conveyor, having a duct device (10) disposed at sides of the lower end of the chute (3) and above the belt conveyor (2), characterized in that the device further comprises

       a separating device (30) with:
    • a) a hollow cylinder (31) having an airflow intake (33) which communicates with the duct device (10), and having a slit (34) at the bottom thereof, the hollow cylinder (31) allowing an airflow from the duct to pass along the inner surface of the hollow cylinder (31);
    • b) a suction blower (40) for drawing air from the duct (10) into the hollow cylinder (31), thereby drawing the powder-material-carrying air from the duct device (10) into the hollow cylinder (31) and centrifugally separating the powder material from the powder-carrying air into the slit (34) of the hollow cylinder (31); and
    • c) a collection chamber (35) disposed under the hollow cylinder (31), the chamber (35) having a weighted damper (36) at the bottom thereof, the damper (36) being adapted to receive the separated powder material and to automatically open to dump the separated powder material when the separated powder material accumulated thereon reaches a certain amount which corresponds to the weight of the weighted damper (36) onto a conveyor belt.
  2. Device of claim 1, wherein the duct device (10) includes:
    • a) ducts (16) to cover both sides of the chute (3) facing a top surface of the belt (4) of the belt conveyor (2), an inner lower part of each duct (16) having a seal member (15A) which contacts the belt (4), each duct having openings (19) formed at an upstream end in the direction of movement of the conveyor belt (4) and openings (19A) formed at an outer lower part thereof; and
    • b) a convergent duct part (11) which communicates with the ducts (16) at one end thereof, the convergent duct part (11) positioned downstream of the chute (3) and having an outlet (12) connected to the airflow inlet (33) of the hollow cylinder (31).
  3. Device of claim 1 or 2, wherein the hollow cylinder (31) is covered by a hollow conical frustum (31A) at a first end and closed by a plate (31B) at a second end and having an airflow inlet (33) formed in a cylindrical wall thereof near the second end, the hollow cylinder (31) having an inner hollow cylinder (32) therein, the inner cylinder (32) extending through the plate (31B) into the suction blower (40) such that the suction blower communicates with the hollow cylinder (31) through the inner hollow cylinder (32).
  1. Dispositif pour recueillir, au moyen d'un courant d'air, du matériau en poudre déchargé d'un dispositif de descente (3) sur un convoyeur à bande (2) et déplacé du passage qui lui est assigné sur le convoyeur à bande, comprenant un dispositif de conduit (10) disposé sur des côtés de l'extrémité inférieure du dispositif de descente (3) et au-dessus du convoyeur à bande (2),

    caractérisé en ce que le dispositif comprend de plus

       un dispositif de séparation (30) comprenant :
    • a) un cylindre creux (31) ayant une prise de courant d'air (33) qui communique avec le dispositif de conduit (10), et présentant une fente (34) dans son fond, le cylindre creux (31) permettant à un courant d'air provenant du conduit de passer le long de la surface intérieure du cylindre creux (31);
    • b) un ventilateur d'aspiration (40) pour aspirer l'air du conduit (10) dans le cylindre creux (31), en attirant ainsi l'air transportant du matériau en poudre provenant du dispositif de conduit (10) dans le cylindre creux (31) et en séparant ainsi par centrifugation le matériau en poudre de l'air transportant le matériau en poudre dans la fente (34) du cylindre creux (31); et
    • c) une chambre de collecte (35) disposée sous le cylindre creux (31), la chambre de collecte (35) possédant un registre à contrepoids (36) en son fond, le registre (36) étant conçu pour recevoir le matériau en poudre séparé et pour s'ouvrir automatiquement pour vider le matériau en poudre séparé quand le matériau en poudre séparé qui s'est accumulé sur lui atteint une certaine quantité qui correspond au poids du registre à contrepoids (36) sur une bande de convoyeur.
  2. Dispositif selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le dispositif de conduit (10) comprend :
    • a) des conduits (16) pour recouvrir les deux côtés du dispositif de descente (3) faisant face à une surface supérieure de la bande (4) du convoyeur à bande (2), une partie inférieure intérieure de chaque conduit (16) ayant un élément d'étanchéité (15A) qui entre en contact avec la bande (4), chaque conduit possédant des ouvertures (19) formées à une extrémité amont dans la direction du mouvement de la bande de convoyeur (4) et des ouvertures (19A) formées à une partie inférieure externe; et
    • b) une partie de conduit convergent (11) qui communique avec les conduits (16) à une de ses extrémités, la partie de conduit convergent (11) étant placée en aval du dispositif de descente (3) et possédant une sortie (12) reliée à l'admission de courant d'air (33) du cylindre creux (31).
  3. Dispositif selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le cylindre creux (31) est recouvert par un tronc de cône creux (31A) à une première extrémité et fermé par une plaque (31B) à une deuxième extrémité et possédant une admission de courant d'air (33) formée dans une paroi cylindrique proche de la deuxième extrémité, le cylindre creux (31) possédant un cylindre creux intérieur (32), le cylindre intérieur (32) s'étendant à travers la plaque (31B) dans le ventilateur d'aspiration (40) de telle façon que le ventilateur d'aspiration communique avec le cylindre creux (31) par le cylindre creux intérieur (32).

A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik



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