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Aufzeichnungsgerät - Dokument EP0661165
 
PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0661165 26.10.2000
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0661165
Titel Aufzeichnungsgerät
Anmelder Canon K.K., Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder Koike, Yasushi, Ohta-ku, Tokyo 146, JP;
Ara, Yoji, Ohta-ku, Tokyo 146, JP;
Kakizaki, Masaaki, Ohta-ku, Tokyo 146, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69425953
Vertragsstaaten CH, DE, ES, FR, GB, IT, LI, NL
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 29.12.1994
EP-Aktenzeichen 941209009
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 05.07.1995
EP date of grant 20.09.2000
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 26.10.2000
IPC-Hauptklasse B41J 11/48
IPC-Nebenklasse B41J 13/00   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a recording apparatus according to the preamble of claim 1, that can perform high quality image recording. Recording performed by the present invention involves the application of ink to ink supports, such as cloth, paper, and sheet material. The present invention is applicable both to various data processing apparatuses and to printers that serve as output devices that perform the above recording.

As personal computers, word processors, and facsimiles are widely used in offices, various types of recording apparatuses have been developed as output devices for them. Recording apparatuses that employ the ink jet system are especially widely used because they are compact and produce less noise while recording.

Recently, high recording quality has also begun to be required for recording apparatuses for personal use. The recording quality is determined by such factors as image density, density irregularities, and the sharpness of images. The reason is as follows.

In an ink jet recording apparatus, a recording head has a plurality of ink nozzles in perpendicular to a direction of feeding a recording medium, and ink ejects perpendicular to the face of a recording medium.

The ink ejection direction is supposed to be identical for all the nozzles, but in actuality, the directions from the nozzles may vary. Fig. 12 is a specific diagram for explaining the occurrence of a fuzzy image due to a variation in the direction ink is ejected from a recording head, which is employed in an ink jet recording apparatus. Fig. 13 is a specific diagram for explaining the occurrence of a fuzzy image due to different ink ejection speeds. For example, as is shown in Fig. 12, although ink should originally be ejected in the direction indicated by the dotted arrow A, the nozzles that emit ink face in the direction indicated by the solid line arrow B. When the interval between an ink ejection face 300a of a recording head 300 and a recording medium 301 is D1, the actual ink discharge point Q is shifted from the original ink discharge point P by a distance represented by the interval L1. This shift reduces image sharpness and degrades the recording quality. When the interval between the ink ejecting face 300a and the recording medium 301 is D2, for example, the shift is increased from L1 to L2 (L1 < L2).

Besides the variance in the directions ink is ejected from the nozzles, differences in the speeds at which ink is ejected cause the fuzzy images. For example, ink droplets that are discharged from the nozzles are called main droplets, satellites, and micro dots, in order of size from the greatest. The ejection speeds for these ink droplets differ. Therefore, as is shown in Fig. 13, with the combination comprising the ink ejection speed V1 and the moving speed element VH for the recording head 300, ink is ejected in the direction indicated by the solid line arrow C; while with the combination comprising ink ejection speed V2 (V1 < V1) and the moving speed element VH, ink is ejected in the direction indicated by the dotted line arrow D. The ink discharge directions are different and the sharpness of an image is deteriorated. The shift increases as the interval between the ink ejection face 300a and the recording medium 301 increases.

To improve the recording quality, it is demanded that an ink jet recording apparatus maintain a constant minimum interval between an ink ejection face and a recording medium.

In response to such a request, a conventional ink jet recording apparatus employs a recording medium pressing means for forcing down a recording medium so as to maintain the interval between the ink ejection face and the surface of the recording medium.

However, when the recording medium pressing means is separated from the recording medium at the time a recording medium jam occurs, or during the feeding of a continuous recording medium, the recording medium pressing means must provide a greater interval between the ink ejection face and the recording medium.

The arrangement of a conventional ink jet recording apparatus will now be explained in further detail while referring to Figs. 14, 15A and 15B.

Fig. 14 is a perspective view illustrating the structure of a conventional ink jet recording apparatus, and Figs. 15A and 15B are side views of a paper pressing mechanism of the conventional recording apparatus. In Fig. 14, an external cover C1 and an internal cover C2 are either opened or removed. In this recording apparatus, the recording medium 301, such as a normal sheet or a plastic sheet, is inserted through an insertion port 302, a motor (not shown) rotates a feeding roller 303, and the sheet is guided by paper pressing plates 304, which are the recording medium pressing means, and is fed toward a recording position. The recording head 300, which is a serial print type recording means, is mounted on a carriage 305. The carriage 305 engages a lead screw 306, and as the lead screw 306 rotates the carriage 305 reciprocates in the directions indicated by the arrow a in Fig. 14. The directions indicated by the arrow a are perpendicular to the direction in which the recording medium is fed.

In synchronization with the reciprocal movement of the carriage 305, the recording apparatus 300 on the carriage 305 moves in consonance with an image signal and discharges ink to the recording medium 301 to perform predetermined recording.

The structure and function of the paper pressing plates 304 that prevents the recording medium 301 from separating from the surface of the feeding roller 303 will now be described.

As is shown in schematic diagrams in Figs. 15A and 15B, each of the paper pressing plates 304 is formed with an almost cylindrical bearing 304a, and a long arm 304b and a short arm 304c, both of which extend from part of the bearing 304a. A pinch roller 307 is rotatably attached to the distal end of the arm 304b. A release shaft 308 is rotatably provided in the bearing 304a. The arc portions of the release shaft 308 are regularly cut off longitudinally at predetermined intervals and the notched portions have D-shaped cross sections. One end 309a of a pressure spring 309 can abut upon the notched portion and the arched portion of the release shaft 308, or the short arm 304c of the paper pressing plate 304. The other end of the pressure spring 309 is fixed to the bottom of a chassis 310.

As is shown in Fig. 15A, when the release shaft 308 rotates and the end 309a of the pressure spring 309 contacts the notch of the release shaft 308, the rotation of the release shaft 308 is halted and the short arm 304c of the paper pressing plate 304 is forced by the pressure spring 309 in the direction indicated by the arrow b. The paper pressing plate 304 is rotated on the release shaft 308 and the pinch roller 307 presses against the surface of the feeding roller 303. As the feeding roller 303 is rotated, the pinch roller 307 is rotated in the direction opposite to that of the feeding roller 303.

When the release shaft 308 is rotated further and the end 309a of the pressure spring 309 contacts the arc of the release shaft 308, as is shown in Fig. 15B, the pressure spring 309 is pushed down in the direction indicated by the arrow c and the force exerted on the short arm 304c of the paper pressing plate 304 by the pressure spring 309 is released, so that the pinch roller 307 is separated from the surface of the feeding roller 303.

The separation of the paper pressing plate 304 from the feeding roller 303, i.e., the release of the pressure exerted by the pressure spring 309, can be performed as needed by manipulating a release lever 311 shown in Fig. 14 to rotate the release shaft 308.

In the above described embodiment, however, when the paper pressing plate 304 is released from the feeding roller 303 by manipulating the release lever 311, the paper pressing plate 304 is positioned closer to the recording head 300, as is shown in Fig. 15B, and the paper pressing plate 304 interferes with the approach of the recording head 300 to the recording head 301.

In the modern information society, a variety of recording media are supplied that cannot simply be classified only as normal paper, fanfold paper, and postcards. In addition to those, there are plastic sheet material, such as OHP film, cloth, threads, and a variety of other various ink support media on which ink is applied and that are supplied as recording media.

A recording apparatus example that can feed this plurality of recording medium types is disclosed in the specifications of US-A-5,158,380.

The arrangement of the disclosed recording apparatus will now be described while referring to Figs. 16A and 16B.

Figs. 16A and 16B are cross sectional views for explaining the state when a cut sheet supply mode is selected, and Fig. 16B is a cross sectional view for explaining the state when a continuous sheet supply mode is selected.

In Fig. 16A, single sheets of paper 401 are supplied either from the bottom or the top of the apparatus. For paper supplied from the bottom of the apparatus, a cut sheet 401 is fed through a paper supply port 404 that is formed by a guide roller 407 and a friction roller 408. The friction roller 408 is held against a pressure spring 424 by a hub 423, one end 424a of the pressure spring 424 is driven by a cam 419 on a release shaft 421 to forcibly press the friction roller 408 against the guide roller 407. The cut sheet 401 that is held by the friction roller 408 and the guide roller 407 is fed to a recording position 414 in consonance with the rotation of the guide roller 407, and recording is performed on the cut sheet 401 by a recording head 415.

To supply the cut sheet 401 from the top of the apparatus, it is fed through a paper supply port 404 that is formed by the guide roller 407 and a friction roller 409. The friction roller 409 is supported by a bearing 425 that rides on a plurality of leaf springs 426. One end 426a of each of the leaf springs 426 is supported by a support plate 427 and the other end 426b is supported by a cam 420 on a release shaft 422 so as to exert sufficient force to press the friction roller 409 against the guide roller 407. The cut sheet 401 that is held between the friction roller 409 and the guide roller 407 is fed to the paper supply port 404, in consonance with the rotation of the guide roller 407, and is then fed to the recording position 414, in the same manner as is performed for the above described bottom paper supply, and recording is performed by the recording head 415.

In Fig. 16B, continuous paper 2 is supplied via a paper supply port 406 by a push tractor 412 from the rear or the back of the apparatus. The release shafts 421 and 422 are respectively rotated in the directions indicated by the arrows, and the force exerted by the pressure spring 424 and the leaf spring 426 on the respective friction rollers 408 and 409 is released or decreased. Accordingly, a paper feeding failure due to the perforations on the continuous paper can be prevented.

In the above described embodiment, however, paper is supplied through the paper supply port 404 or 406, some recording media are fed while adhering to the guide roller 407 while other recording media are fed along a sheet guide 418a of a body frame 418. A print start position in a paper feeding direction therefore varies from recording medium to recording medium.

Further, when feeding a thick recording medium, such as a post card, the forward edge of the recording medium may abut upon the paper guide 418a and cause the recording roller 409 to slip, so that a sheet supply failure occurs. To overcome this shortcoming, the pressure with which the friction roller 409 is pressed against the guide roller 407 has to be increased, so that even though paper feeding is possible, a greater than normal load accelerates the wear of the bearing 425 of the friction roller 409 and decreases its useful life span.

In addition, the interval between the surface of a fed recording medium and the ejection face of an ink jet head must be determined while considering the distortion of the surface of the recording medium that may occur due to a phenomenon called cockling. Cockling is a phenomenon where ink permeates the fibers of paper, etc., and expands the fibers so that the surface of the recording medium is distorted and undulating.

The above-mentioned US-A-5 158 380 shows a generic recording apparatus which is capable of feeding cut sheet paper and continuous sheet paper. An upstream first auxiliary feeding means contacts a feeding means when cut sheet paper is used and is separated from the feeding means when continuous sheet paper is fed. A downstream second auxiliary feeding means contacts the feeding means when cut sheet paper used.

JP-A-63 084 958 discloses three auxiliary feeding means which all three are simultaneously brought out of contact from the feeding means by retracting them, when continuous sheet paper is used.

EP-A-0 358 192 shows two auxiliary feeding means, wherein the upstream one of them is made to contact the feeding means when cut sheet paper is used and is separated from the feeding means when continuous sheet paper is used, while the downstream auxiliary feeding means can also maintain a contact position with the feeding means, applying a decreased pressure to the feeding means when continuous sheet paper is used.

It is an object of the present invention to further develop a recording apparatus according to the preamble of claim 1 such that a surface of the recording medium remains flat in a recording area so that a high quality printing can be performed.

This object is achieved by a recording apparatus having the features of claim 1.

Advantageous further developments are set out in the dependent claims.

According to the present invention, the recording apparatus preferably comprises pressure urging means for ensuring that the surface of the recording medium remains flat in a recording area. The recording apparatus can perform high quality recording without moving the pressure urging means toward a recording head even when the pressure urging means is in the released state.

Furthermore, according to the present invention, the recording apparatus can maintain a constant print start position regardless of the paper type, such as cut sheet paper or continuous paper.

Moreover, according to the present invention, the recording apparatus ensures the feeding switching means for switching the forward or the backward movement of the third auxiliary feeding means includes a long cam shaft and a lever that rotates the cam shaft.

  • Fig. 1 is a top view illustrating the entire structure of a recording apparatus according to one embodiment of the present invention;
  • Fig. 2 is a cross sectional side view of the recording apparatus in Fig. 1 when an automatic paper feeder is installed in the apparatus;
  • Fig. 3 is a block diagram mainly illustrating the control arrangement of the recording apparatus shown in Figs. 1 and 2;
  • Fig. 4 is a side view for the arrangement of a paper feeding mechanism of the recording apparatus shown in Figs. 1 and 2 when cut sheet paper is selected;
  • Fig. 5 is a cross sectional view of the paper feeding mechanism shown in Fig. 4;
  • Figs. 6A and 6B are development diagrams for the roller rows, with Fig. 6A showing how the drive force is transmitted to a feeding roller and Fig. 6B showing how the drive force is transmitted to a paper discharge roller;
  • Fig. 7 is a side view for the arrangement of a paper feeding mechanism of the recording apparatus shown in Figs. 1 and 2 when continuous sheet paper is selected;
  • Fig. 8 is a cross sectional view of the paper feeding mechanism in Fig. 7;
  • Figs. 9A and 9B are development diagrams for the roller rows, with Fig. 9A showing how the drive force is transmitted to a feeding roller and Fig. 9B showing how the drive force is transmitted to a paper discharge roller;
  • Fig. 10 is a top view illustrating the cam structure of a release shaft shown in Figs. 5 and 8;
  • Fig. 11 is a cross sectional view for explaining the location of a paper sensor in the paper feeding mechanism of the recording apparatus shown in Figs. 1 and 2 when cut sheet paper is selected;
  • Fig. 12 is a model diagram for explaining the occurrence of a fuzzy image due to a shift in the direction ink is ejected from a recording head that is employed for an ink jet recording apparatus;
  • Fig. 13 is a model diagram for explaining the occurrence of image split due to a difference in the speed at which ink is ejected from a recording head that is employed for an ink jet recording apparatus;
  • Fig. 14 is a perspective view illustrating the structure of a conventional ink jet recording apparatus;
  • Figs. 15A and 15B are side views showing a paper pressing mechanism of the conventional recording apparatus shown in Fig. 14; and
  • Figs. 16A and 16B are cross sectional views for the structure of a paper feeding mechanism of another conventional recording apparatus, with Fig. 16A showing the state where cut sheet paper is selected and Fig. 16B showing the state where continuous sheet paper is selected.

The preferred embodiments of the present invention will now be described in detail while referring to the accompanying drawings.

Figs. 1 and 2 illustrate an ink jet recording apparatus according to the first embodiment of the present invention. Fig. 1 is a top view for the general structure of the apparatus and Fig. 2 is a cross sectional side view for the state where an automatic paper feeding unit (hereafter referred to as an "ASF") is installed in the apparatus.

The ink jet recording apparatus in this embodiment can handle, as recording media, cut sheet paper, such as normal recording paper and post cards, and continuous sheet paper, such as fanfold paper.

Usually, cut sheet paper is supplied either by an ASF or manually. Since the ASF has two bins 30a and 30b, as is shown in Fig. 2, cassettes holding sheets of two different sizes, for example, can be set up at the same time and employed as desired by a user. The feeding mechanisms of the bins 30a and 30b are identical. More specifically, a plurality of cut sheets (not shown in Fig. 2) that are stacked on pressing plates 31a and 31b are forced by springs 32a and 32b toward pickup rollers 33a and 33b, respectively. As the pickup roller 33a or 33b is rotated in consonance with a feeding start command, the sheets are separated and fed one by one.

When cut sheet paper is employed as a recording medium, a resist roller 11 is set so that it can urge a feeding roller 10 by the manipulation of a release lever (not shown). The cut sheet that is supplied by the ASF is fed to a recording area along a feeding path that is formed around the feeding roller 10 as it is rotated. In the recording area, a paper pressing plate 12 is forced toward the feeding roller 10 by the elasticity of leaf springs. Here, the feeding force further acts on the cut sheet, which is fed between an ink jet head 20j and a platen 24. This feeding is performed intermittently for each scan by the ink jet head 20j, which will be described later, and the feeding distance corresponds to the row length, in a cut sheet feeding direction, of a plurality of ink ejection nozzles that are provided in the ink jet head 20j.

The cut sheet, which is fed every scan and on which recording is performed by the discharge of ink from the ink jet head 20j, is fed gradually upward within the apparatus and is finally discharged in consonance with the rotations of an assist roller 13 and a discharge roller 14 (and spurs 13a and 14a that are pressed by the respective rollers 13 and 14).

The ASF is not employed for continuous sheet paper. A continuous sheet that is supplied through a paper supply port 35 is fed by driving a pin tractor 3. The resist roller 11 is released by the release lever so that it is not pushed toward the feeding roller 10. The continuous sheet that is fed up to the recording area is shifted intermittently with every scan of the ink jet head 20j, in the same manner as is performed for the cut sheets, and is gradually transported upward within the apparatus. Recording is performed during this period.

An ASF motor 26 (see Fig. 1), which is provided in the apparatus body at the home position, is employed to drive a pickup roller of the ASF or an absorption pump in a capping unit 25. The driving power required for the feeding process of a recording medium, such as the drive force of the feeding roller 10, can be acquired via a gear row 41 (see Fig. 1) from an LF motor (not shown), which is located at the position opposite to the home position.

Fig. 3 is a block diagram that mainly illustrates the control arrangement of the ink jet recording apparatus shown in Figs. 1 and 2.

A control circuit board 100, a print circuit board, is installed in the bottom of the apparatus body, as is shown in Fig. 2. An MPU 101, a gate array (GA) 102, a dynamic RAM (DRAM) 103, and a mask ROM (MASK ROM) 107 are provided on the control circuit board 100. Further, motor drivers, i.e., a carriage motor driver (CR motor driver) 104, a paper feeding motor driver (LF motor driver) 105, and an ASF motor driver 106, are provided on the control circuit board 100.

At the same time, a Centronics interface (IF) circuit board 110, which is formed as a print circuit board, is connected to the control circuit board 100 to enable the reception of recording data from a host device.

The MPU 101 of the control circuit board 100 executes data processing for the entire apparatus, the MASK ROM 107 is employed to store the procedures, and the DRAM 103 is employed as a work area for the above data processing. Various circuits that are involved in the process performed by the MPU 101 are packaged in the gate array 102. The MPU 101 converts image data, which are transferred from the host device via the I/F 110, into data that are employed by the ink jet head 20j to form an image by ink ejection, and then transfers the resultant data to the driver of the ink jet head 20j by the ejection timing of the ink jet head 20j. Further, the MPU 101 drives motors 22, 28 and 26 via the drivers 104, 105 and 106, respectively. The CR motor 22 is driven based on linear encoder information acquired via a carriage 21, while the ejection timing is controlled.

In addition, the MPU 101 executes a process for key entry and information display on a front panel 130 and a process in consonance with detection information that is received from a home position (HP) sensor 38, a tractor (RRL) sensor 36, a paper (PE) sensor, and a paper type discrimination sensor 37a.

The structure of a paper feeding (hereafter referred to as an "LF") mechanism of the recording apparatus shown in Figs. 1 and 2 will now be explained.

When cut sheet paper is selected as a recording medium, the release lever 251 is set to a cut sheet select state, as is shown in Figs. 4 through 6, and then the resist roller 11 that is held by a resist roller holder 5 is pressed against the long feeding roller 10 by a resist roller spring 245 (see Fig. 5). Likewise, an auxiliary roller 16, which is held by the resist roller holder 5 so that it moves upward and downward, is pressed against the feeding roller 10 by an auxiliary roller spring 248, which is provided in the resist roller holder 5 (see Fig. 5). Fig. 10 is a top view illustrating the cam structure of the release shaft shown in Fig. 5. A pinch roller 12, which is supported by a shaft 223a, is held by a pinch roller holder 223, and is pressed against the feeding roller 10 by a pinch roller spring 246 (see Fig. 5). The pinch roller spring 246 is bent by a protrusion 241c of a release shaft 241, and generates a pressing force by the spring elasticity against its support point 246a.

The positional relationship between cams 241b and 241c of the release shaft 241 is as shown in Fig. 10. The cams 241b and 241c are so located that they do not interfere with each other.

Under these conditions, the drive force of the LF motor 28 is transferred to the feeding roller 10 and the discharge roller 14 (see Fig. 6).

The drive force imparted the feeding roller 10 is transferred via the series that comprises an LF motor gear 231, an deceleration gear 232, and an LF deceleration gear 233, and to a feeding roller gear 234, which is inserted into the feeding roller 10, so that the feeding roller 10 is rotated.

The drive force to the discharge roller 14 is transferred via the series that comprises the LF motor gear 231, the deceleration gear 232, and an LF deceleration gear 235 to a discharge roller gear 236, which engages the discharge roller 14, so that the discharge roller 14 is rotated.

Since the feeding roller 10 employed in this embodiment is elongated in the main scanning direction, distortion can be completely eliminated for a large sized sheet.

In addition, the rotation speed of the discharge roller 14 is higher than that of the feeding roller 10 in this embodiment to ensure that at a recording position a recording medium will be flat. More specifically, with a feeding roller diameter of ⊘38.808 mm (0, -0.06), a discharge roller diameter of ⊘15.515 mm (±0.03), a deceleration rate of the feeding roller of 1/36, and a deceleration rate of the discharge roller of 1/15, the rotation speed of the discharge roller is increased about 1% (0.08% to 1.19% while considering crossing).

As for the transfer of the drive force of the LF motor 28 to the pin tractor 233, the drive force is transferred via the LF motor gear 231 and the deceleration gear 232 to the LF deceleration gear 233, and not up to the pin tractor 3 because the transfer between the LF deceleration gear 233 and a clutch gear 237 is cut off. More specifically, the clutch gear 237 is pushed toward a frame 2 side (in a direction where the LF deceleration gear 233 is connected) by a clutch spring 247, which is shown in Fig. 6B. The clutch gear 237 is, however, separated from the LF deceleration gear 233 against the urging force exerted by a cam 252b of a slide cam 252 that interlocks with the release lever 251.

The arrangement of the LF driving mechanism when continuous sheet paper is selected will now be described.

When the release lever 251 is pulled down to set the apparatus in the continuous sheet select state, as is shown in Fig. 7, a gear 241a of the release shaft 241, which engages a gear 251a of the release lever 251, is rotated in the direction indicated by the arrow A.

As the release shaft 241 is rotated, as is shown in Fig. 8, its protrusion 241b pushes the resist roller holder 5 down to separate the resist roller 11 from the feeding roller 10 and to remove the resist roller 11 from the paper feeding path. A rotation support point 22a of the resist roller holder 5 is provided on the side of the pinch roller holder 223. Even when the auxiliary roller 16, which is held by the resist roller holder 5 so that it moves up and down, also moves in a direction where it separates from the feeding roller 10, it merely weakens the pressing force to the feeding roller 10 because of the auxiliary roller spring 248.

Further pressure by the protrusion 241c on the pinch roller spring 246 is released, and the pressing force of the pinch roller 12 on the feeding roller 10 is accordingly reduced.

As is described above, even in the continuous sheet select state, the pressing forces of the pinch roller 12 and the auxiliary roller 16 on the feeding roller 10 are not set to "0". The individual reasons will now be explained.

As for the reduced pressure by the pinch roller on the feeding roller 10, although the accuracy in feeding continuous sheet paper is controlled by the pin tractor 3, the pinch roller 12 is sometimes separated from the surface of the feeding roller 10 at page boundaries (perforations), and proper pressure is therefore required to prevent this phenomenon.

As for the reduced pressure exerted by the auxiliary roller 16 on the feeding roller 10, it is necessary to decrease the allowable difference, of a paper position that is detected by a paper sensor, that is caused by a weight percentage of a sheet (represented by grammage or ream weight) or by a thickness difference in paper types.

As is shown in Fig. 11, depending on the thickness of a sheet, some sheets are fed while wrapped around the feeding roller 10, and other sheets are fed along a feeding roller opposing portion 4a of a paper pan 4. Supposing that an interval between the feeding roller 10 and the feeding roller opposing portion 4a of the paper pan 4 is L, an allowable feeding difference may be a maximum 2L.

Supposing that a detection position of a flag 37b of the paper sensor 37 is P and a contact point of the auxiliary roller 16 and the feeding roller 10 is Q, the auxiliary roller is so positioned that P is always located downstream of Q in a paper feeding direction. When the paper sensor detects a sheet, the sheet is always located on the feeding roller 10 and the allowable detection difference can be reduced.

In this embodiment, the pressure force of the pinch roller 12 exerted on the feeding roller 10 is 11,77 N in the cut sheet select mode, and 1,96 N in the continuous sheet select mode.

The pressure force of the auxiliary roller 16 exerted on the feeding roller is 0,736 N in the cut sheet select mode, and 0,196 N in the continuous sheet select mode.

Further, the recording apparatus in this embodiment is so designed that the pressure can be varied as needed. In other words, the apparatus comprises pressure adjusting means. The pressure adjusting means includes a mechanism that selects a position at which pressure is released and a position at which pressure is gradually increased from the release position. The pressure adjusting means may also have a mechanism wherein one end of a helical coil spring, for example, which applies pressure to the pinch roller, contacts the external surface of a rotary shaft, which has a notch, and the other end of the coil spring is secured; and wherein as the shaft is rotated, the contact position is altered either to the external surface of the shaft or the notch to select the release position or the pressure position.

The drive force of the LF motor 28 in the continuous sheet select mode is transferred individually toward the feeding roller 10, the discharge roller 14, and the pin tractor 3.

Since the transfer to the feeding roller 10 and to the discharge roller 14 is the same as is performed in the cut sheet select mode, no explanation for it will be given.

As for the pin tractor 3, the drive force is transferred from the row that comprises the LF motor gear 231, the deceleration gear 232, the LF deceleration gear 233, and the clutch gear 237 to a tractor gear 238 that engages a tractor shaft 15, which is in turn rotated to transfer the drive force to the pin tractor 3 (see Figs. 9A and 9B). More specifically, although the clutch gear 237 is pressed toward the frame 2 side by the clutch spring 247, in the continuous sheet select mode the clutch gear 237 is coupled with the LF deceleration gear 233 and to the tractor gear 238 by the cam 252c of the slide cam 252.

Simultaneously, the side portion of the slide cam 252 acts on the tractor sensor 209, and the sheet select mode is changed from the cut sheet select mode to the continuous sheet select mode.

As is described above, according to the present invention, a recording medium can be maintained flat both during the feeding and the recording regardless of whether the recording medium is cut sheet paper or continuous sheet paper, and paper distortion can be prevented, so that high quality image recording can be provided. Further, according to the present invention, a constant print start position can be maintained regardless of the paper type, such as cut sheet paper or continuous sheet paper.

In addition, according to the present invention, the feeding of a thick recording medium, such as a post card, is ensured.

The ink jet head 20j has 128 ink ejection nozzles arranged in one row. When the ink jet head 20j is attached to the carriage 21, the arrangement of the nozzles is along the above described direction in which a recording medium is fed (hereafter, this will be referred to as a sub scan direction).

The ink jet recording apparatus in this embodiment can perform full color recording with yellow (Y), magenta (M), cyan (C) and black (Bk) ink, and monochrome recording with Bk ink.

In the arrangement for performing full color recording, the ink jet head 20j and ink tanks 20t, in which colored inks, Y, M, C, and Bk are respectively retained, are provided individually detachable from the carriage 21. When Y ink runs out or when the replacement of a tank is required, the pertinent tank can be replaced with another ink tank, or when the ink jet head 20j must be replaced, only the ink jet head need be changed.

With the above described structure, 128 ink ejection nozzles of the ink jet head 20j are assigned to each ink by the predetermined counts, and ink chambers and ink supply paths are individually formed in consonance with the assignments.

In the arrangement for performing monochrome recording, the ink jet head 20j and the ink tank 20t for Bk ink are integrally formed as one unit, which is provided detachable from the carriage 21.

The carriage 21 to which the ink jet head 20j and the ink tank 20t are attached can be shifted by the drive force produced by a carriage motor 22 that is transferred via a belt 23, which is connected to part of the carriage 21, as is shown in Fig. 1. By engaging a guide shaft 21a and a guide piece 21b, which are located in the horizontal direction in Fig. 2, to slide freely, the carriage 21 can be shifted along the guide shaft 21a and the guide piece 21b, and accordingly scanning for recording is possible. When no recording is performed, the carriage 21 is shifted back to a home position that is to the left in Fig. 1, and the face of the ink jet head 20j in which the ink ejection nozzles are arranged is capped with a capping unit 25.

The data for shifting the carriage 21 are detected by an encoder film 27, which is provided in parallel to the guide shaft 21a, and optical or magnetic encoder devices 51a and 51b (see Fig. 2) that are attached to the carriage 21 to sandwich the encoder film 27. An electric signal is transmitted from the apparatus body to the ink jet head 20j via a flexible circuit board 44.

In this embodiment, to ensure that a recording medium will be maintained flat even downstream along the feeding path from the recording position, a first spur is positioned opposite the discharge roller 14 with a recording medium between them, a second spur is positioned upstream along the feeding path from the first spur and downstream from the feeding roller 10, and the discharge roller 14, discharge means consisting of the two spurs, and a platen are located in the same plane.

As another arrangement to ensure that a recording medium will be maintained flat, a plurality of spurs are located at matrix positions in the main scan direction (the direction that is perpendicular to the feeding path).

An ink jet recording system of the present invention comprises means (e.g., electrothermal energy conversion device or laser light) for generating thermal energy that is employed to perform ink ejection, and provides excellent effects where the ink status is varied by employing the thermal energy. This system can perform more delicate recording with a higher density.

For the specific arrangement and the principle, it is preferable to employ the basic principle that is disclosed in the specifications of, for example, US-A-4,723,129 and US-A-4,740,796. This system is applicable for both a so-called on-demand type and a continuous type. The system is especially effective with the on-demand type because at least one drive signal that corresponds to the image recording data, and that gives a rapid temperature rise which exceeds nucleate boiling, is supplied to an electrothermal energy conversion device that is positioned relative to a liquid (ink) bearing sheet and a liquid path. The thermal energy is thus generated by the electrothermal energy conversion device, and film boiling is effected on a thermally affected face of a recording head, so that bubbles in liquid (ink) can be formed in one-to-one correspondence with the drive signal. In consonance with the growth or shrinkage of the bubbles, liquid (ink) is discharged via an ejection opening and at least one droplet is formed. When the drive signal has a pulse form, the size of the bubble is immediately and properly altered, so that liquid (ink) which has an especially excellent response can be preferably ejected. An appropriate pulse drive signal is described in the specifications of US-A-4,463,359 and US-A-4,345,262. With the employment of the conditions that are described in the specification of US-A-4,313,124, which relates to the temperature rising rate on the thermally affected face, even more excellent recording can be performed.

Besides the arrangement of a recording head, disclosed in the above described specifications, wherein the ejection ports, the liquid path, and the electrothermal energy conversion device are combined, the present invention also includes the arrangement disclosed in the specifications of US-A-4,558,333 and US-A-4,459,600, wherein a thermally acting portion is located in a curved area. In addition, the effects of the present invention can be obtained in the arrangements disclosed in JP-A-59-123670 wherein a common slit serves as an ejection portion for a plurality of electrothermal energy conversion devices; and in JP-A-59-138461 wherein an opening in which a pressure wave of thermal energy is absorbed corresponds to an ejection portion. In other words, according to the present invention, recording is ensured to be efficiently performed regardless of the shape of a recording head.

The present invention is also applicable to a recording head of a full line type whose length corresponds to the maximum width of a recording medium that a recording apparatus can handle. Such a recording head may be a combination of a plurality of recording heads to attain the length, or may be one integrally formed recording head.

Moreover, the present invention is effective for the above described serial type recording head, a recording head that is fixed to the apparatus body, a replaceable, chip type recording head that can be electrically connected to the apparatus body or can receive ink from the apparatus body, or a cartridge type recording head for which an ink tank is integrally formed.

It is desirable that ejection recover means for a recording head, and extra auxiliary means be provided as additional components of the recording apparatus arrangement because the effect of the present invention can be provided more steadily. More specifically, capping means for a recording head, cleaning means, pressurizing or absorption means, extra heating means provided by employing an electrothermal energy conversion device or another heating device, or a combination of the two, and extra ejection means for discharging ink that is not required for the recording can be employed.

Although only one recording head is provided for a single ink, a plurality of recording heads may be mounted that correspond to a plurality of inks for which recording colors and densities differ. More specifically, the present invention is effective not only for the apparatus that has a recording mode with only a main color, black, but also for an apparatus that provides at least one full color mode, which has different color combinations or color mixture, with either an integrally formed recording head or a combination of a plurality of recording heads.

Further, although ink has been explained as a liquid in the above described embodiments of the present invention, ink that solidifies at room temperature or lower and that melts or liquefies at room temperature may be employed. Or, since an ink jet system generally maintains the temperature of ink within the range of 30°C to 70°C to hold the viscosity of ink within the steady ejection range, ink may be used that liquefies at the time of the execution of a recording signal. In addition, to aggressively prevent the temperature from rising due to thermal energy by employing that energy to liquefy solid ink, or to prevent the evaporation of ink, ink may be employed that solidifies while it settles down and is liquefied by heating. The present invention is available for ink that is liquefied by the application of thermal energy, such as ink that is liquefied by providing thermal energy in consonance with a recording signal and is then discharged, or ink that becomes solid by the time it reaches a recording medium. The ink in this case may be formed opposite an electrothermal energy conversion device while it is held as a liquid or a solid in a porous sheet recess or a through hole, as is described in JP-A-54-56847 or JP-A-60-71260. In the present invention, the above described film boiling system is the most effective for these ink types.

Further, an ink jet recording apparatus according to the present invention is employed as an image output terminal for a data processing apparatus, such as a computer, a copy machine that is combined with a reader, or a facsimile that has a communication function.

As described above, the present invention ensures that a recording medium can be maintained flat during the feeding process and during the recording process, regardless of whether the recording medium is cut sheet paper or continuous sheet paper, and can prevent distortion and thus provide high quality image recording.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Aufzeichnungsgerät, das aufweist:
    • eine Aufzeichnungsvorrichtung (20j) zum Aufzeichnen eines Bilds auf einem Aufzeichnungsmedium in Übereinstimmung mit einem Bildsignal,
    • eine Zuführvorrichtung (10) zum Zuführen des Aufzeichnungsmediums zu der Aufzeichnungsvorrichtung (20j),
    • eine erste Hilfszuführvorrichtung (11), welche zugangsseitig in der Papierzuführrichtung angeordnet ist, und welche mit der Zuführvorrichtung (10) in Kontakt ist, wenn das Aufzeichnungsmedium Einzelblattpapier ist, aber von der Zuführvorrichtung (10) getrennt ist, wenn das Aufzeichnungsmedium Endlospapier ist, um einen Zuführpfad für das Endlospapier auszubilden,
    • eine zweite Hilfszuführvorrichtung (12), welche in der Nähe der Aufzeichnungsvorrichtung (20j) angeordnet ist, und welche mit der Zuführvorrichtung (10) in Kontakt ist, wenn das Aufzeichnungsmedium Einzelblattpapier ist, aber den Druck gegen die Zuführvorrichtung (10) vermindert, wenn das Aufzeichnungsmedium Endlospapier ist, und
    • eine Umschaltvorrichtung (241, 251) zum Umschalten zwischen Kontakt und Trennung der ersten Hilfszuführvorrichtung (11) und der Zuführvorrichtung (10) sowie zum Schalten der Druckverminderung der zweiten Hilfszuführvorrichtung,

      gekennzeichnet durch
    • eine dritte Hilfszuführvorrichtung (16), welche nahezu auf halbem Wege zwischen der ersten Hilfszuführvorrichtung (11) und der zweiten Hilfszuführvorrichtung (12) angeordnet ist, und welche mit der Zuführvorrichtung (10) in Kontakt ist, wenn das Aufzeichnungsmedium Einzelblattpapier ist, aber den Druck gegen die Zuführvorrichtung (10) vermindert, wenn das Aufzeichnungsmedium Endlospapier ist, und wobei die Umschaltvorrichtung (241, 251) die Druckverminderung der dritten Hilfszuführvorrichtung (16) schaltet.
  2. Aufzeichnungsgerät gemäß Anspruch 1,

    gekennzeichnet durch
    • eine Druckdrängvorrichtung (5) zum Drücken des Aufzeichnungsmediums gegen eine der ersten bis dritten Zuführvorrichtung (11, 12, 16), wobei die Druckdrängvorrichtung (5) entweder in einer Freigabeposition angeordnet ist, in welcher der Druck durch die Umschaltvorrichtung (241, 251) nahezu gelöst ist, oder in einer Druckaufbauposition, in welcher der Druck in der Freigabeposition allmählich erhöht wird.
  3. Aufzeichnungsgerät gemäß Anspruch 2,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß
    • die Trennung und Druckverminderung der ersten Hilfszuführvorrichtung (11) mit der Verschiebung in die Freigabeposition der Druckdrängvorrichtung (5) im Gleichlauf sind und der Kontakt der ersten Hilfszuführvorrichtung (11) mit der Verschiebung in die Druckposition der Druckdrängvorrichtung (5) im Gleichlauf ist.
  4. Aufzeichnungsgerät gemäß Anspruch 1,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß
    • die Umschaltvorrichtung eine lange Nockenwelle (241) und einen Hebel (251) aufweist, der die Nockenwelle (241) dreht.
  5. Aufzeichnungsgerät gemäß Anspruch 1,

    gekennzeichnet durch
    • einen Papiersensor (37) zum Erfassen des Vorliegens von Papier in dem Aufzeichnungsgerät, wobei der Papiersensor nahezu unmittelbar hinter der dritten Hilfszuführvorrichtung (16) in der Papierzuführrichtung angeordnet ist.
  6. Aufzeichnungsgerät gemäß Anspruch 1,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß
    • Druckkräfte, die durch die erste Hilfszuführvorrichtung (11), die zweite Hilfszuführvorrichtung (12) und die dritte Hilfszuführvorrichtung (16) an die Zuführvorrichtung (10) angelegt sind, unabhängig eingestellt werden.
  7. Aufzeichnungsgerät gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß
    • die Zuführvorrichtung (10) eine Walze ist, die sich in einer Hauptabtastrichtung, die rechtwinklig zu einer Zuführrichtung des Aufzeichnungsmediums ist, längs erstreckt.
  8. Aufzeichnungsgerät gemäß Anspruch 7,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß
    • die Aufzeichnungsvorrichtung (20j) an einem Transportgrundkörper (21), der sich entlang der Hauptabtastrichtung wechselseitig bewegt, abnehmbar angeordnet ist.
  9. Aufzeichnungsgerät gemäß Anspruch 8,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß
    • ein Behälter (20t), in welchem mindestens eine Tintenart vorgehalten wird, die der Aufzeichnungsvorrichtung (20j) zuzuführen ist, an der Aufzeichnungsvorrichtung (20j) abnehmbar angeordnet ist.
  10. Aufzeichnungsgerät gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß
    • die Aufzeichnungsvorrichtung (20j) eine Elektrizität-Wärmeenergie-Umwandlungsvorrichtung aufweist, welche Wärmeenergie erzeugt, die das Filmsieden von Tinte verursacht, die als ein Element dient, das Energie zum Tintenausstoß erzeugt.
  11. Aufzeichnungsgerät gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß
    • die erste Hilfszuführvorrichtung (11) auf einer Seite der Zuführvorrichtung (10) angeordnet ist, wogegen die zweite Hilfszuführvorrichtung auf einer Seite entgegengesetzt dazu angeordnet ist, wobei die erste Hilfszuführvorrichtung (11) um einen festen Drehlagerpunkt (22a) drehbar angeordnet ist, welcher in bezug auf die Zuführvorrichtung (10) auf der Seite der zweiten Hilfszuführvorrichtung (12) angeordnet ist.
  12. Aufzeichnungsgerät gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß
    • die Zuführvorrichtung (10) ein Zuführdrehkörper ist, wobei eine Führungsvorrichtung (4) einen Zuführpfad ausbildet, entlang dem das Papierblatt in der Umfangsrichtung des Zuführdrehkörpers (10) gedreht wird und das Papierblatt entlang einer Außenoberfläche des Zuführdrehkörpers (10) führt, und wobei die erste Hilfszuführvorrichtung (11) und die zweite Hilfszuführvorrichtung (12) Drehkörper aufweisen.
  13. Aufzeichnungsgerät gemäß Anspruch 12,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß
    • der erste Hilfsdrehkörper (11) und der zweite Hilfsdrehkörper (12) nahezu entgegengesetzt zueinander angeordnet sind, wobei der Zuführdrehkörper (10) dazwischen angeordnet ist.
  14. Aufzeichnungsgerät gemäß Anspruch 12,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß
    • die Drehachsen des ersten Hilfsdrehkörpers (11) und des zweiten Hilfsdrehkörpers (12) sowie des Zuführdrehkörpers (10) auf einer nahezu geraden Linie liegen.
  15. Aufzeichnungsgerät gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,

    gekennzeichnet durch
    • einen Traktor (3) zum Zuführen des Endlospapiers zu der Zuführvorrichtung (10) und
    • eine Kupplung (237) zum selektiven Übertragen einer Antriebskraft auf den Traktor (3), wobei die Kupplung (237) im Gleichlauf mit einer Operation der Umschaltvorrichtung (241, 251) in den Verbindungszustand umgeschaltet wird.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A recording apparatus comprising:
    • a recording means (20j) for recording an image on a recording medium in consonance with an image signal;
    • a feeding means (10) for feeding said recording medium to said recording means (20j);
    • a first auxiliary feeding means (11), which is provided upstream in the paper feeding direction, and which contacts said feeding means (10) when said recording medium is cut sheet paper, but is separated from said feeding means (10) when said recording medium is continuous sheet paper in order to form a feeding route for said continuous sheet paper;
    • a second auxiliary feeding means (12), which is provided in the vicinity of said recording means (20j), and which contacts said feeding means (10) when said recording medium is cut sheet paper but decreases pressure against said feeding means (10) when said recording medium is continuous sheet paper; and
    • switching means (241, 251) for switching contact and separation of said first auxiliary feeding means (11) to said feeding means (10), and for switching pressure decrease of said second auxiliary feeding means,

      characterized by

      a third auxiliary feeding means (16), which is provided almost midway between said first and said second auxiliary feeding means (11, 12), and which contacts said feeding means (10) when said recording medium is cut sheet paper, but decreases pressure against said feeding means (10) when said recording medium is continuous sheet paper, and wherein said switching means (241, 251) switches pressure decrease of said third auxiliary feeding means (16).
  2. A recording apparatus according to claim 1, characterized by

    pressure urging means (5) for pressing said recording medium against one of said first to third feeding means (11, 12, 16), said pressure urging means (5) being located either at a release position where pressure is almost released by said switching means (241, 251) or at a pressurizing position where pressure at said release position is gradually increased.
  3. A recording apparatus according to claim 2,

    characterized in that

    separation and pressure decrease of said first auxiliary feeding means (11) are synchronized with the shift to said release position of said pressure urging means (5), and the contact of said first auxiliary feeding means (11) is synchronized with the shift to said pressure position of said pressure urging means (5).
  4. A recording apparatus according to claim 1,

    characterized in that

    said switching means includes a long cam shaft (241) and a lever (251) that rotates said cam shaft (241).
  5. A recording apparatus according to claim 1,

    characterized by

    a paper sensor (37) for detecting the presence of paper in said recording apparatus, said paper sensor being located almost immediately behind said third auxiliary feeding means (16) in the paper feeding direction.
  6. A recording apparatus according to claim 1,

    characterized in that

    pressure forces that are applied by said first, second and third auxiliary feeding means (11, 12, 16) to said feeding means (10) are independently set.
  7. A recording apparatus according to one of claims 1 through 6,

    characterized in that

    said feeding means (10) is a roller that is elongated in a main scanning direction that is perpendicular to a feeding direction for said recording medium.
  8. A recording apparatus according to claim 7,

    characterized in that

    said recording means (20j) is mounted detachably from a conveying base (21) that reciprocates along said main scanning direction.
  9. A recording apparatus according to claim 8,

    characterized in that

    a tank (20t) in which at least one kind of ink to be supplied to said recording means (20j) is retained is provided detachably from said recording means (20j).
  10. A recording apparatus according to one of claims 1 through 9,

    characterized in that

    said recording means (20j) has an electrothermal energy conversion device, which generates thermal energy that causes film boiling of ink, that serves as an element that generates energy for ink ejection.
  11. A recording apparatus according to one of claims 1 through 10,

    characterized in that

    said first auxiliary feeding means (11) is located on one side of said feeding means (10) whereas said second auxiliary feeding means is located on a side opposite therefrom, wherein said first auxiliary feeding means (11) is rotatable around a fixed rotation support point (22a) which, with respect to said feeding means (10), is provided on the side of said second auxiliary feeding means (12).
  12. A recording apparatus according to any of the preceding claims,

    characterized in that

    said feeding means (10) is a feeding rotary body, wherein a guide means (4) forms a feeding path along which said sheet paper is turned in the circumferential direction of said feeding rotary body (10), and guides said sheet paper along an external surface of said feeding rotary body (10), and wherein said first and second auxiliary feeding means (11, 12) have rotary bodies.
  13. A recording apparatus according to claim 12,

    characterized in that

    said first and second auxiliary rotary bodies (11, 12) are positioned almost opposite to each other with said feeding rotary body (10) provided inbetween.
  14. A recording apparatus according to claim 12,

    characterized in that

    the rotational centers of said first and second auxiliary rotary bodies (11, 12) and said feeding rotary body (10) lie on an almost straight line.
  15. A recording apparatus according to any of the preceding claims,

    characterized by

    a tractor (3) for feeding said continuous sheet paper to said feeding means (10); and a clutch (237) for selectively transmitting a drive force to said tractor (3), wherein said clutch (237) is switched to the connected state in synchronization with an operation of said switching means (241, 251).
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Appareil d'enregistrement comportant :
    • un moyen d'enregistrement (20j) destiné à enregistrer une image sur un support d'enregistrement en conformité avec un signal d'image ;
    • un moyen d'avance (10) destiné à faire avancer ledit support d'enregistrement jusqu'audit moyen d'enregistrement (20j) ;
    • un premier moyen d'avance auxiliaire (11), qui est placé en amont dans le sens d'avance du papier et qui est en contact avec ledit moyen d'avance (10) lorsque ledit support d'enregistrement est une feuille de papier coupée, mais est séparé dudit moyen d'avance (10) lorsque ledit support d'enregistrement est une feuille de papier continue pour former un trajet d'avance pour ladite feuille de papier continue ;
    • un second moyen d'avance auxiliaire (12) qui est placé au voisinage dudit moyen d'enregistrement (20j) et qui est en contact avec ledit moyen d'avance (10) lorsque ledit support d'enregistrement est une feuille de papier coupée, mais diminue la pression exercée contre ledit moyen d'avance (10) lorsque ledit support d'enregistrement est une feuille de papier continue ; et
    • des moyens de commande (241, 251) destinés à commander un contact et une séparation dudit premier moyen d'avance auxiliaire (11) avec ledit moyen d'avance (10), et à commander une baisse de pression dudit second moyen d'avance auxiliaire,

      caractérisé par
    • un troisième moyen d'avance auxiliaire (16) qui est placé à peu près à mi-distance entre lesdits premier et deuxième moyens d'avance auxiliaire (11, 12) et qui est en contact avec ledit moyen d'avance (10) lorsque ledit support d'enregistrement est une feuille de papier coupée, mais qui fait baisser la pression exercée contre ledit moyen d'avance (10) lorsque ledit support d'enregistrement est une feuille de papier continue, et dans lequel lesdits moyens de commande (241, 251) commandent la baisse de pression dudit troisième moyen d'avance auxiliaire (16).
  2. Appareil d'enregistrement selon la revendication 1,

    caractérisé par
    • un moyen (5) de sollicitation de pression destiné à presser ledit support d'enregistrement contre l'un desdits premier à troisième moyens d'avance (11, 12, 16), ledit moyen de sollicitation par pression (5) étant placé soit dans une position de relâchement dans laquelle la pression est à peu près relâchée par lesdits moyens de commande (241, 251), soit dans une position d'application de pression dans laquelle une pression dans ladite position de relâchement est élevée progressivement.
  3. Appareil d'enregistrement selon la revendication 2,

    caractérisé en ce que
    • la séparation et la baisse de pression dudit premier moyen d'avance auxiliaire (11) sont synchronisées avec le passage dudit premier moyen de sollicitation par pression (5) dans ladite position de relâchement, et le contact dudit premier moyen d'avance auxiliaire (11) est synchronisé avec le passage dudit moyen de sollicitation par pression (5) dans ladite position d'application de pression.
  4. Appareil d'enregistrement selon la revendication 1,

    caractérisé en ce que
    • lesdits moyens de commande comprennent un long arbre (241) à cames et un levier (251) qui fait tourner ledit arbre (241) à cames.
  5. Appareil d'enregistrement selon la revendication 1,

    caractérisé par
    • un capteur (37) de papier destiné à détecter la présence de papier dans ledit appareil d'enregistrement, ledit capteur de papier étant placé à peu près immédiatement en arrière dudit troisième moyen d'avance auxiliaire (16) dans le sens d'avance du papier.
  6. Appareil d'enregistrement selon la revendication 1,

    caractérisé en ce que
    • des forces de pression qui sont appliquées par lesdits premier, deuxième et troisième moyens d'avance auxiliaires (11, 12, 16) audit moyen d'avance (10) sont réglées de façon indépendante.
  7. Appareil d'enregistrement selon l'une des revendications 1 à 6,

    caractérisé en ce que
    • ledit moyen d'avance (10) est un rouleau qui est allongé dans une direction de balayage principal qui est perpendiculaire à une direction d'avance pour ledit support d'enregistrement.
  8. Appareil d'enregistrement selon la revendication 7,

    caractérisé en ce que
    • ledit moyen d'enregistrement (20j) est monté de façon à pouvoir être séparé d'une embase de transport (21) qui exécute un mouvement alternatif le long de ladite direction de balayage principal.
  9. Appareil d'enregistrement selon la revendication 8,

    caractérisé en ce que
    • un réservoir (20t) dans lequel au moins un type d'encre devant alimenter ledit moyen d'enregistrement (20j) est retenu, est prévu, de façon à pouvoir être séparé dudit moyen d'enregistrement (20j).
  10. Appareil d'enregistrement selon l'une des revendications 1 à 9,

    caractérisé en ce que
    • ledit moyen d'enregistrement (20j) comporte un dispositif de conversion d'énergie électrothermique qui génère de l'énergie thermique provoquant une ébullition pelliculaire de l'encre, lequel sert d'élément générant de l'énergie pour une éjection d'encre.
  11. Appareil d'enregistrement selon l'une des revendications 1 à 10,

    caractérisé en ce que
    • ledit premier moyen d'avance auxiliaire (11) est placé sur un côté dudit moyen d'avance (10) alors que ledit deuxième moyen d'avance auxiliaire est placé sur un côté qui lui est opposé, ledit premier moyen d'avance auxiliaire (11) pouvant tourner autour d'un point fixe (22a) de support de rotation qui, par rapport audit moyen d'avance (10), est situé sur le côté dudit deuxième moyen d'avance auxiliaire (12).
  12. Appareil d'enregistrement selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes,

    caractérisé en ce que
    • ledit moyen d'avance (10) est un corps rotatif d'avance, dans lequel un moyen de guidage (4) forme un chemin d'avance le long duquel ladite feuille de papier est tournée dans la direction circonférentielle dudit corps rotatif (10) d'avance, et guide ladite feuille de papier le long d'une surface extérieure dudit corps rotatif d'avance (10), et dans lequel lesdits premier et deuxième moyens d'avance auxiliaires (11, 12) comportent des corps rotatifs.
  13. Appareil d'enregistrement selon la revendication 12,

    caractérisé en ce que
    • lesdits premier et second corps rotatifs auxiliaires (11, 12) sont positionnés à peu près en opposition l'un à l'autre avec ledit corps rotatif d'avance (10) placé entre eux.
  14. Appareil d'enregistrement selon la revendication 12,

    caractérisé en ce que
    • les centres de rotation desdits premier et second corps rotatifs auxiliaires (11, 12) et dudit corps rotatif (10) d'avance sont situés sur une ligne à peu près droite.
  15. Appareil d'enregistrement selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes,

    caractérisé par
    • un entraîneur (3) destiné à faire avancer ladite feuille de papier continue vers ledit moyen d'avance (10) ; et
    • un embrayage (237) pour transmettre sélectivement une force d'entraînement audit entraîneur (3), dans lequel ledit embrayage (237) est commandé dans l'état en prise en synchronisme avec une opération effectuée par lesdits moyens de commande (241, 251).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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