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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0735645 26.10.2000
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0735645
Titel Lageranordnung eines Motors
Anmelder Minebea Co., Ltd., Nagano, JP
Erfinder Suzuki, Yuzuru, Hamana-gun, Shizuoka, JP;
Ohyashiki, Taketoshi, Shizuoka-shi, Shizuoka, JP;
Fujitani, Sakae, Hamakita-shi, Shizuoka, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69610349
Vertragsstaaten DE, GB
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 27.03.1996
EP-Aktenzeichen 963021118
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 02.10.1996
EP date of grant 20.09.2000
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 26.10.2000
IPC-Hauptklasse H02K 5/173
IPC-Nebenklasse H02K 1/18   

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates to an improvement in a structure of a thin DC brushless motor and, more particularly, to a bearing structure of a thin DC brushless motor.

A thin DC brushless motor has been frequently used as a rotary drive source of a floppy disk drive for a personal computer. Fig. 4 is a sectional view showing a conventional thin DC brushless motor illustrating the state that a rotor is rotatably provided on a motor mounting plate formed of a printed circuit board. In Fig. 4, numeral 1 denotes a board as a motor mounting plate, which is made of a ferromagnetic material such as steel and on which a printed wiring circuit is formed on the surface through a thin insulating layer, and an electronic component such as an IC for a motor drive circuit is mounted. A circular hole 2 is perforated at the board 1, a bearing base 3 is engaged within the circular hole 2, and clamped at the board with screws 4. Two ball bearings 5 and 6 are secured to the bearing base 3.

Numeral 7 designates a rotating disk for rotating the floppy disk to constitute a rotor in a thin circular dish shape. The rotating poles 9 made of a ringlike permanent magnet is fixed to the inside of the outer periphery 8 of the rotating disk 7. A speed detecting permanent magnet 10 for detecting the rotating speed of the rotating disk 7 is fixed to the lower part of the outer periphery 8 of the rotating disk 7. The poles 9 made of the permanent magnet is formed of rare earth metal or the like in a ring shape as shown in Fig. 5. A magnetic shielding plate 30 formed of soft iron similarly in a ring shape is engaged outside the poles 9. A plurality of permanent magnets are formed at the poles 9 by magnetizing. These permanent magnets are magnetized in the radial direction of the poles 9 in such a manner that the polarity directions of these poles are opposite at the adjacent poles. A rotating disk 7 assembly including the poles 9 constitutes a rotor.

A rotating shaft mounting plate 11 made of brass is fixed to the center of the rotating disk 7. A rotating shaft 12 is fixed to the center of the rotating shaft mounting plate 11. The rotating shaft 12 is rotatably mounted at the ball bearings 5 and 6. In a conventional thin DC brushless motor shown in Figs. 4 and 5, the bearing base 3 for holding the ball bearings 5, 6 for rotatably supporting the rotating shaft 12 is constructed separately from a stator frame 23 having stator poles 21. However, such a thin DC brushless motor has been required to be reduced in size and thickness without decreasing its output in the development of a light, thin, short and small articles.

Therefore, to maintain the output of the conventional thin DC brushless motor in a smaller space, a gap G between the rotating poles 9 and the stator poles 21 is reduced to its critical limit. In this respect, the squareness of the rotating shaft 12 to the stator poles 21 becomes a problem. The squareness cannot be obtained in a stable accuracy since the stator poles 21 and the bearing base 3 for receiving the bearings 5, 6 are formed separately so far and respectively fixed to the board 1.

This invention is constituted in view of the above-described circumstances, and an object of this invention is not only to facilitate the squareness management of the bearing mechanism for the stator poles 21 but also to reduce the cost by the decrease in the number of components.

There has been a method of reducing a gap between a rotor and a stator as means to need to raise the efficiency of a magnetic circuit to obtain the same output as the conventional motor with a reduced size. However, if the gap is reduced, the gap is further decreased from a set value due to the inclination of the rotor shaft (rotating shaft) to the stator and the concentricity of the stator and the rotor, and hence the contact of the stator with the rotor may occur. A motor structure that the concentricity of the stator with the rotor without the inclination can be manufactured by integrating both the stator and the housing of the bearing since the inclination of the shaft and the coaxiality a determined according to the accuracy of the stator and the housing of the bearings.

JP-A-04183287 discloses a motor structure having a stator including armature coils wound on fixed poles of a stator core.

According to the present invention, a motor structure comprises a stator including armature coils wound on fixed poles of a laminated stator core comprising stator plates arranged in parallel on the surface of a metal motor mounting board having an electric circuit thereon, the motor construction further comprising a bearing provided at the centre of the stator for rotatably supporting a rotor shaft which holds a rotor oppositely to the stator, wherein the stator core is coupled with a housing for the bearing by a molded form which is integral with the housing and is characterized in that a conductive material is provided on the surface of the housing to electrically connect the rotor via the rotating shaft and the bearing to either the metal part of the metal motor mounting board or a ground circuit of the electric circuit which is insulated from the metal part or both the metal part of the metal motor mounting board and a ground circuit of the electric circuit which is insulated from the metal part.

The stator is integrated with the housing for constituting the bearing of the rotating shaft thereby to reduce the number of the components. Further, the coaxiality of the stator core with the rotor magnet of particularly important accuracy to determine the characteristics becomes accurate, and hence the stable motor structure having small unevenness can be obtained.

Fig. 1 is a sectional view showing an embodiment of this invention.

Fig. 2 is a partial perspective view showing a stator core.

Fig. 3 is a plane view showing the motor of the embodiment of this invention partly in cutout section of the rotor.

Fig. 4 is a sectional view showing a conventional motor structure.

Fig. 5 is a perspective view showing a rotor magnet.

An embodiment of this invention will be described in detail with respect to the accompanying drawings. Fig. 1 is a sectional view of a thin DC brushless motor according to this invention. In Fig. 1, numeral 51 denotes a stator core. The stator core 51 is formed, as shown in Fig. 2, by adhering or coating the surface of a laminate of stator plates 51' made of soft magnetic metal thin plates with an insulating layer 52 for insulating to an armature coil 62. Numeral 57 designates a stator. An armature coil 62 is wound on the surface of the stator core 51. Numeral 53 indicates a housing for fixedly containing ball bearings 54 as bearings of a rotating shaft 58. Numeral 55 depicts a stator frame material for coupling the housing 53 and the stator 57 with synthetic resin. The detailed description will be explained later.

The rotating shaft 58 is supported by the ball bearings 54. A hub base 56 is fixed to the rotating shaft 58.Further, a rotor yoke 59 made of soft iron plate in a thin disk shape is mounted on the outer periphery of the hub base 56. A rotor magnet 60 is fixed as the rotating poles similarly to the prior art as shown in Fig. 5 to the inside of the outer periphery of the rotor yoke 59. A gap G' exists between the rotor magnet 60 and the end of the stator core 51. Numeral 61 denotes a permanent magnet for detecting a speed similarly to the prior art. A rotor 63 is formed of the hub base 56, the rotor yoke 59, the rotor magnet 60 and the speed detecting permanent magnet 61.

A method of manufacturing, the structure of a stator assembly 64 and a method of mounting it on a board 65 as a motor mounting plate similar to the conventional motor having a printed wiring circuit according to the features of this invention will be described. The stator core 51 having the insulating layer 52 for insulating to the armature coil 62 and the housing 53 for holding the ball bearings 54 as the bearers of the rotating shaft 58 of the rotor 63 are integrally molded by an injection molding using synthetic resin for injection molds made of liquid crystal polymer resin or the like.

In the molds used at the time of the integral molding, the position of the hole for containing the ball bearings 54 is so accurately determined with the outer periphery of the stator core 51 as a reference as to be the center of the outer periphery of the stator core 51, and the position of the hole for containing the bearings 54 to be provided in the housing 53 to contain the two bearings 54 is so determined that the rotating shaft 58 is held to be rotated perpendicularly to the reference surface 66 of the stator assembly 64. At the time of molding the stator assembly 64, bosses 67 for positioning on a board 65 are provided, and a conductive plate 68 for discharging static electricity generated on the disk to be rotatably driven on the rotor 63 is integrally molded on the metal plate for constituting the ground circuit of the printed wiring circuit of the board 65 or the board by the rotating shaft 58 by disposing on the surface of the housing 53 in contact with the disk to be rotatably driven. A protrusion 53' to be engaged with the hole provided at the board 65 is provided at the lower surface of the housing 53.

To reduce the magnetic reluctance of the entire stator structure, soft magnetic powder such as iron oxide may be mixed with the synthetic resin for the injection molding. The above-described soft magnetic powder may also be mixed within the insulating layer 52 for covering the surface of the stator plate 51'. In the embodiment described above, the rotating shaft is supported to the ball bearings 54 held in the housing.

However, the ball bearings 54 may be omitted, and a structure for rotatably supporting the rotating shaft in a bearing hole provided in the housing may be employed.

After the armature coil 62 is wound on the stator core 51 of the stator assembly 64 formed as described above, the ball bearings 54 are mounted in the hole of the housing 53 with the outer periphery of the stator core 51 as a reference, the bosses 67 and the protrusion 53' of the housing 53 are engaged with the positioning hole provided at the board 65, and the stator assembly 64 is mounted on the board 65 with mounting screws 69. Though not shown, at this time, the conductive plate 68 is contacted with the metal part of the metal motor mounting plate or a ground circuit of the printed wiring circuit of the board 65 or with the both.

In the case of assembling the rotor 63, the rotating shaft 58 is first press-fitted in the hub base 56, the hub base 56 is inserted into the rotor yoke 59, caulked, the coaxiality of the rotating shaft 58 with the inner periphery of the rotor magnet 60 is obtained, and the rotor magnet 60 is then adhesively secured to the rotor yoke 59 at the inner periphery of the rotor yoke 59 in this state.

Then, the rotating shaft 58 of the rotor is inserted into the ball bearings 54 of the stator assembly 64 mounted on the board 65 as described above, and a preload is applied to the ball bearings 54 to adhesively adhere theinner races of the ball bearings 54 to the rotating shaft 58. Fig. 3 is a plane view showing the rotor of the motor assembled partly in section as described above.

This invention has been described with respect to the embodiments described above. However, the invention in its broader aspects is not limited to the specific details, and representative devices shown and described herein.

Accordingly, various modifications may be made without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims. For example, the material of the molding resin of the stator assembly may also be made of ABS resin. The material of the conductive plate may be made of conductive rubber so as not to incorporate the conductivity with the rotating shaft, or the shape may be formed in a square sectional shape. Further, the ball bearings may be integrated together with the stator assembly at the time of molding to improve the positional accuracy of the stator assembly with the ball bearings.

According to this invention as described above, the housing for constituting the stator and the bearing of the stator which have been heretofore separate can be integrated.

Therefore, the number of the components can be deleted. The coaxiality of the stator core with the rotor magnet of particularly important accuracy to determined the characteristics of the motor structure is enhanced to be less uneven and stable.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Motor mit einem Ständer (57) mit Ständerwicklungen (62), die um feste Pole eines laminierten Ständerkerns (51) gewickelt sind, der Ständerplatten (51') aufweist, die parallel auf der Oberfläche einer Motormontageplatte (65) aus Metall mit einer darauf aufgebrachten elektrischen Schaltung angeordnet sind, wobei der Motor ferner ein in der Mitte des Ständers (57) angeordnetes Lager (54) zur drehbaren Lagerung einer Welle (58) aufweist, die einen Läufer (63) gegenüber dem Ständer (57) trägt, wobei der Ständerkern (51) mit einem Gehäuse (53) für das Lager (54) durch eine einstückig mit dem Gehäuse ausgebildete gegossene Form (55) verbunden ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß auf der Oberfläche des Gehäuses (53) ein leitendes Material (68) vorgesehen ist, das den Läufer (63) über die Welle (58) und das Lager (54) entweder mit dem Metallteil der Motormontageplatte (65) oder einem Erdungskreis der elektrischen Schaltung, die gegenüber dem Metallteil isoliert ist, oder sowohl mit dem Metallteil der Motormontageplatte (65) als auch einem Erdungskreis der elektrischen Schaltung, die gegenüber dem Metallteil isoliert ist, verbindet.
  2. Motor nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß er als flacher bürstenloser Gleichstrommotor ausgebildet ist.
  3. Motor nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die einstückig mit dem Gehäuse ausgebildete gegossene Form (55) aus einem polymeren Material besteht.
  4. Motor nach Anspruch 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die gegossene Form (55), die einstückig mit dem Gehäuse aus polymerem Material hergestellt ist, ein polymeres Material ist, das ein weiches magnetisches Material enthält.
  5. Motor nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die elektrische Schaltung eine elektrische Verdrahtungsschaltung und ein elektronisches Bauteil aufweist.
  6. Motor nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Gehäuse (53) die den Läufer (63) tragende Welle (58) unmittelbar stützt.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A motor structure comprising a stator (57) including armature coils (62) wound on fixed poles of a laminated stator core (51) comprising stator plates (51') arranged in parallel on the surface of a metal motor mounting board (65) having an electric circuit thereon, the motor construction further comprising a bearing (54) provided at the centre of the stator (57) for rotatably supporting a rotating shaft (58) which holds a rotor (63) oppositely to the stator (57), wherein the stator core (51) is coupled with a housing (53) for the bearing (54) by a molded form (55) which is integral with the housing, characterized in that a conductive material (68) is provided on the surface of the housing (53) to electrically connect the rotor (63) via the rotating shaft (58) and the bearing (54) to either the metal part of the metal motor mounting board (65) or a ground circuit of the electric circuit which is insulated from the metal part or both the metal part of the metal motor mounting board (65) and a ground circuit of the electric circuit which is insulated from the metal part.
  2. A motor structure according to claim 1, wherein the motor is a thin DC brushless motor.
  3. A motor structure according to claim 1, wherein the molded form (55) integral with the housing is a polymer material.
  4. A motor structure according to claim 3, wherein the molded form (55) made of the polymer material integral with the housing is a polymer material containing soft magnetic material.
  5. A motor structure according to claim 1, wherein the electric circuit comprises an electric wiring circuit and an electronic component.
  6. A motor structure according to claim 1, wherein the housing (53) directly supports the rotating shaft (58) holding the rotor (63).
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Structure de moteur comprenant un stator (57) comportant des enroulements d'induit (62) bobinés sur des pôles fixes d'un noyau de stator feuilleté (51) comprenant des plaques de stator (51') disposées parallèlement à la surface d'une plaque métallique (65) de montage du moteur portant un circuit électrique, la construction du moteur comprenant en outre un palier (54) prévu au centre du stator (57) pour supporter de manière rotative un arbre rotatif (58) qui supporte un rotor (63) à l'opposé du stator (57), dans laquelle le noyau de stator (51) est couplé avec un logement (53) pour le palier (54) par une forme moulée (55) qui est d'une seule pièce avec le logement, caractérisé en ce qu'un matériau conducteur (68) est prévu à la surface du logement (53) pour relier électriquement le rotor (63) via l'arbre rotatif (58) et le palier (54) soit à la partie métallique de la plaque métallique (65) de montage du moteur, soit à un circuit de terre du circuit électrique qui est isolé de la partie métallique, soit à la fois à la partie métallique de la plaque métallique (65) de montage du moteur et à un circuit de terre du circuit électrique qui est isolé de la partie métallique.
  2. Structure de moteur selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le moteur est un mince moteur à courant continu sans balais.
  3. Structure de moteur selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la forme moulée (55) d'une seule pièce avec le logement est un matériau polymère.
  4. Structure de moteur selon la revendication 3, dans laquelle la forme moulée (55) faite d'un matériau polymère d'une seule pièce avec le logement est un matériau polymère contenant un matériau magnétique doux.
  5. Structure de moteur selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le circuit électrique comprend un circuit de câblage électrique et un composant électronique.
  6. Structure de moteur selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le logement (53) supporte directement l'arbre rotatif (58) supportant le rotor (63).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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