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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0768574 26.10.2000
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0768574
Titel Verfahren zur Herstellung photographischer Reliefbilder
Anmelder Kodak Ltd., Harrow, Middlesex, GB;
Eastman Kodak Co., Rochester, N.Y., US
Erfinder Simons, Michael John, Harrow, Middlesex, HA1 4TY, GB
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69610390
Vertragsstaaten DE, GB
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 09.10.1996
EP-Aktenzeichen 962028080
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 16.04.1997
EP date of grant 20.09.2000
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 26.10.2000
IPC-Hauptklasse G03F 7/06

Beschreibung[en]
Field of the Invention

This invention relates to the photographic formation of relief images and in particular to their formation using a photosensitive silver halide emulsion.

Background of the Invention

Gelatin matrix images (relief images) are used in a variety of areas which include the formation of printing plates, copy and image setter graphic arts materials and dye imbibition products.

The usual way of using a silver halide to obtain a relief image is to use a developer solution that hardens the gelatin in the developable image areas by using a tanning developer. Typical of such a tanning developing agent would be pyrogallol or catechol.

In such a process the silver halide material would be imagewise exposed, developed in a tanning developer solution and washed with warm water to wash off the unexposed areas and leave the exposed areas as a tanned relief image.

A problem with such known tanning developing agents is that they are very susceptible to aerial oxidation when in alkaline solution which can lead to brown staining of the equipment and the skin of the operator. It is known to incorporate tanning developing agents in a silver halide coating and 4-phenylcatechol has been used for this purpose. Compounds like 4-phenylcatechol are poorly ballasted and are prone to leach out of the coating into the processing solution where staining can occur, or to leach into the skin when the coating is handled, with possible harmful effects.

It is noted that compounds of formula (III) below have been used commercially as interlayer oxidised developing agent scavengers in colour negative films. Their ability to act as a tanning developer has not hitherto been recognised.

Problem to be Solved by the Invention

The problem solved is that tanning development may be achieved without staining and with reduced chance of the developing agent coming into contact with the skin. The developing agents of the invention also give unusually good keeping characteristics for developer-incorporated materials.

Summary of the Invention

According to the present invention there is provided a method of forming a relief image by imagewise exposing a photosensitive photographic silver halide material which comprises a support bearing at least one silver halide emulsion and, incorporated in the emulsion layer or a layer adjacent thereto a tanning developing agent of the formula:

   wherein R1 and R2 are each an alkyl group of at least 3 carbon atoms or an aryl group either of which may be substituted,
  • treating the material in an alkaline solution having a pH greater than 9 whereby the developing areas of the material are hardened, and
  • treating the material with an aqueous medium to remove the unhardened areas.

Usually the unhardened areas will be removed by washing with water at a temperature above 25°C.

Advantageous Effect of the Invention

The compounds of formulae (I) and (II) are particularly stable when incorporated into a photographic material and formation of stain is very significantly reduced.

Detailed Description of the Invention

In general formula (I) above the substituents on either the aryl or alkyl group may be amide, sulphonamide, ether and ester groups.

A preferred group of tanning developing agents have the formula:

   wherein X is a linking group such as -NH-, -O-, -S-, -NHCO- or -CH2-, and

   R3 and R4 are each a straight or branched chain alkyl group of 1-18 carbon atoms, preferably 6-18.

Preferably R1 and R2 have the formula:

   wherein R5 is an alkyl group of 6-18 carbon atoms. Preferably R5 is an alkyl group of 6-18 carbon atoms, for example the group -C12H25.

Examples of substituent groups which may be present on R1 and R2 are alkyl, alkoxy, halide, carbonamide, sulphonamide, carbamoyl, sulphamoyl, amino, ether and ester groups.

Examples of R3 and R4 are n-hexyl, n-decyl, n-hexadecyl, 2-ethyl-hexyl, t-hexyl, sec-octyl or t-octyl.

The alkaline solution preferably has a pH in the range 9-14, preferably 10-12.5 and may be buffered, eg with a phosphate or carbonate. The developer solution may contain an auxiliary developing agent, for example a p-aminophenol or a pyrazolidinone. Examples of pyrazolidinone developing agents are: 4-methyl-1-phenylpyrazolidinone, 4-hydroxymethyl-4-methyl-1-phenylpyrazolidinone or any of those listed in Research Disclosure Item 36544, September 1994, published by Kenneth Mason Publications, Emsworth, Hants, United Kingdom. This publication will be referred to simply as Research Disclose below.

The alkaline solution may also contain development restrainers (antifoggants), for example bromide ions or a nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound or a mercapto group-containing compound.

Many developer solutions components which may be used in the present invention are listed in Research Disclosure, section XIX.

The photographic material may be on a film or paper base including any of the supports described in Research Disclosure Section XVII and the references described therein.

The materials having incorporated compounds of Formula (I) may be used to make gelatin matrix images, dye transfer images, lithographic printing plates and graphic arts copy preparation and image setter films or papers.

The photographic materials may comprise silver chloride, bromide, iodide, or mixtures thereof such as bromochloride, iodobromide or chloroiodobromide and may be spectrally sensitised.

The photographic materials of this invention or individual layers thereof, can contain compounds which absorb the radiation used to expose them in order to reduce light scatter.

The photographic materials of the present invention or individual layers thereof may also contain substances to increase the density of the residual image in a desired spectral band. For instance, graphic arts, copy preparation and image setter films are frequently desired to have a high image density to UV radiation. In such cases a UV-absorbing compound may be incorporated in the coating.

Examples of UV-absorbers that may be used are

The silver halide emulsion employed in the elements of this invention can be either negative-working or positive-working. Suitable emulsions and their preparation are described in Research Disclosure Sections I and II and the publications cited therein. Suitable vehicles for the emulsion layers and other layers of elements of this invention are described in Research Disclosure Section IX and the publications cited therein.

The photographic elements of this invention or individual layers thereof, can contain brighteners (see Research Disclosure Section V), antifoggants and stabilisers (see Research Disclosure Section VI), antistain agents and image dye stabiliser (see Research Disclosure Section VII, paragraphs I and J), light absorbing and scattering materials (see Research Disclosure Section VIII), hardeners (see Research Disclosure Section X), plasticisers and lubricants (see Research Disclosure Section XII), antistatic agents (see Research Disclosure Section XIII), matting agents (see Research Disclosure Section XVI) and development modifiers (see Research Disclosure Section XXI).

The following Examples are included for a better understanding of the invention.

EXAMPLE 1:

A coating was prepared by coating an aqueous composition having 4% w/v gelatin onto cellulose triacetate film base to give the stated coated laydowns in g/m2: Gelatin 2.0 Blue-sensitive emulsion 1.0 Developer Structure III 0.6

The blue-sensitive emulsion was a silver bromoiodide photographic emulsion of the tabular grain type, containing 1% iodide, the grains having a mean equivalent circular diameter of 0.52 µm and a mean thickness of 0.09 µm. 1.5 g of 4-hydroxy-6-methyl-1,3,3a,7-tetraazaindene was added per mole of silver halide.

The developing agent having the structure:

was incorporated as a normal photographic dispersion, using diethyl lauramide as the oil-forming solvent.

A sample of the coated film was exposed through a pattern to white light, and developed for 90s in the following aqueous solution: Na3PO4.12H2O 80 g/l Na2SO3 80 sorbitol 10 4-hydroxymethyl-4-methyl-1-phenyl-3-pyrazolidone 1.0 NaBr 4.0 6-nitrobenzimidazole 0.04 pH adjusted to 12.0 with dilute sulphuric acid

The sample was briefly dipped in 2% aqueous acetic acid solution as a stop bath, then washed under running tap water at about 40°C.

It was observed that the coating was washed off the film base in areas which had not developed, to leave clear film base. In areas which had developed, a dark relief image remained, and the edges of the image areas were observed to be sharp under the microscope.

EXAMPLE 2 (comparative example)

Coatings were prepared as in Example 1, except one coating used dioctylhydroquinone (a ballasted hydroquinone developing agent) and the other used a ballasted hydrazide developing agent of the structure:

in place of the developing agent used in Example 1. The coatings were then tested as in Example 1. In both cases a dark image developed, but it washed off in the warm water, showing that tanning development was not achieved.

EXAMPLE 3:

A coating was prepared by coating an aqueous composition having 4% w/v gelatin onto cellulose triacetate film base to give the stated coated laydowns in g/m2: Gelatin 1.5 Red-sensitive emulsion 0.5 Developer Structure III 0.6 UV absorber 0.3

The red-sensitive emulsion was a silver chlorobromide cubic emulsion, containing 70 mol% chloride and having a mean grain edge length of 0.18 µm. It was sulphur-gold sensitised and spectrally sensitised to the red region of the spectrum.

The developing agent was incorporated as a normal photographic dispersion as in Example 1. The UV absorber was an ultra-violet light absorbing compound of structure:

and was incorporated as a conventional photographic dispersion using 1,4-cyclohexane dimethylene-bis-2-ethyl hexanoate as the oil-forming solvent.

A sample of the coating was exposed to white light through a photographic step wedge. It was developed in the same solution as used in Example 1, but this time the developer was at a temperature of 48°C, and the development time was 10s followed immediately by 15s washing in warm water at about 40°C after which it was dried.

Again, the undeveloped areas of the coating were observed to have washed away, but the developed areas were still present as a relief image of the step wedge. The white light or visual density of the image was 0.85 in the most exposed areas, but the density to UV radiation was 3.8, that is greatly enhanced over the visible light density of the silver image, due to the presence of the UV absorber. The density of the background areas was 0.03 to white light and 0.07 to UV radiation.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Verfahren zur Herstellung eines Relief-Bildes durch bildweise Exponierung eines foto-sensitiven, fotografischen Silberhalogenid-Materials mit einem Träger, auf dem sich mindestens eine Silberhalogenid-Emulsion befindet und eingeführt in die Emulsionsschicht oder eine hierzu benachbarte Schicht eine gerbende Entwicklerverbindung der Formel hat:
       worin R1 und R2 jeweils stehen für eine Alkylgruppe mit mindestens 3 Kohlenstoffatomen oder eine Arylgruppe, von denen eine jede substituiert sein kann,
    • bei dem man das Material in einer alkalischen Lösung mit einem pH-Wert von größer als 9 behandelt, wobei die Entwicklungs-Bereiche des Materials gehärtet werden, und bei dem man
    • das Material mit einem wäßrigen Medium behandelt, um die ungehärteten Bereiche zu entfernen.
  2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, in dem R1 und R2 der Formel entsprechen:
       worin R5 eine Alkylgruppe mit 6-18 Kohlenstoffatomen ist.
  3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, in dem R5 für -C12H25 steht.
  4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, in dem die gerbende Entwicklerverbindung die Formel hat:
       worin X eine verbindende Gruppe ist, wie -NH-, -O-, -S-, -NHCO- oder -CH2- und

       R3 und R4 jeweils für eine geradkettige oder verzweigtkettige Alkylgruppe mit 1-18 Kohlenstoffatomen, vorzugsweise 6-18 Kohlenstoffatomen, stehen.
  5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, in dem R3 und R4 jeweils stehen für eine n-Hexyl-, n-Decyl-, n-Hexadecyl-, iso-Hexyl-, t.-Hexyl-, 2-Ethylhexyl- oder t.-Octyl-Gruppe.
  6. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1-5, in dem das fotografische Material eine Verbindung enthält, die sichtbares Licht oder UV-Licht absorbiert.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A method of forming a relief image by imagewise exposing a photosensitive photographic silver halide material which comprises a support bearing at least one silver halide emulsion and, incorporated in the emulsion layer or a layer adjacent thereto a tanning developing agent of the formula:
       wherein R1 and R2 are each an alkyl group of at least 3 carbon atoms or an aryl group either of which may be substituted,
    • treating the material in an alkaline solution having a pH greater than 9 whereby the developing areas of the material are hardened, and
    • treating the material with an aqueous medium to remove the unhardened areas.
  2. A method as claimed in claim 1 in which R1 and R2 have the formula:
          wherein R5 is an alkyl group of 6-18 carbon atoms.
  3. A method as claimed in claim 2 in which R5 is -C12H25.
  4. A method as claimed in claim 1 in which the tanning developing agent has the formula:
       wherein X is a linking group such as -NH-, -O-, -S-, -NHCO- or -CH2-, and

       R3 and R4 are each a straight or branched chain alkyl group of 1-18 carbon atoms 6-18.
  5. A method as claimed in claim 4 in which R3 and R4 are each a n-hexyl, n-decyl, n-hexadecyl, isohexyl, t-hexyl, 2-ethyl-hexyl or t-octyl.
  6. A method as claimed in any of claims 1-5 in which the photographic material contains a visible light- or UV-absorbing compound.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Procédé de formation d'une image en relief en exposant conformément à une image un produit photographique photosensible aux halogénures d'argent comprenant un support portant au moins une émulsion aux halogénures d'argent et, incorporé dans la couche d'émulsion ou dans une couche adjacente à celle-ci, un développateur tannant représenté par la formule :
    où R1 et R2 représentent chacun un groupe alkyle d'au moins 3 atomes de carbone ou un groupe aryle, l'un ou l'autre de ces groupes pouvant être substitué, en traitant le produit dans une solution alcaline ayant un pH supérieur à 9, ce qui permet de tanner les zones du produit à développer, et en traitant le produit au moyen d'un milieu aqueux pour éliminer les zones non tannées.
  2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel R1 et R2 sont représentés par la formule :
    où R5 est un groupe alkyle de 6 à 18 atomes de carbone.
  3. Procédé selon la revendication 2, dans lequel R5 est un groupe -C12H25.
  4. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le développateur tannant est représenté par la formule :
    où X est un groupe de liaison, tel que -NH-, -O-, -S-, -NHCO- ou -CH2-, et

    R3 et R4 sont chacun un groupe alkyle à chaîne droite ou ramifiée de 1 à 18 atomes de carbone.
  5. Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel R3 et R4 sont chacun un groupe n-hexyle, n-décyle, n-hexadécyle, isohexyle, t-hexyle, 2-éthyl-hexyle ou t-octyle.
  6. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1-5, dans lequel le produit photographique contient un composé absorbant le rayonnement UV ou visible.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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