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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1037228 26.10.2000
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 1037228
Titel Beleuchtete Schaltvorrichtung für stabilisierte Beleuchtung zum transluzenten Teil eines Kontrollknopfs
Anmelder Alps Electric Co., Ltd., Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder Sasaki, Makoto, Tokyo, JP;
Atsumi, Masakatsu, Tokyo, JP;
Kowata, Nobuyuki, Tokyo, JP;
Saiso, Kenichi, Tokyo, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 10.03.2000
EP-Aktenzeichen 001051036
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 20.09.2000
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 26.10.2000
IPC-Hauptklasse H01H 23/02
IPC-Nebenklasse H01H 1/58   H01H 9/16   

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of the Invention

This invention relates to an illuminated switching device and more particularly to an illuminated switching device suitable for use in opening and closing a window by a power window system on a motor vehicle.

Description of Related Art

Referring to the accompanying drawings, a conventional illuminated switching device will be explained.

Fig. 6 is a side view showing the conventional illuminated switching device; and Fig. 7 is a side view showing the illuminated switching device of Fig. 6 with a knob removed.

As shown in Figs. 6 and 7, a switch section 11 of a illuminated switching device C is made of a synthetic resin material such as a glass-filled epoxy resin material, and comprises a case 11a formed in an approximately box shape by a molding process, an unillustrated stationary contact housed in the case 11a, an unillustrated moving contact, an operating member 11b which is rockably supported on the upper surface side of the case 11a, and a plurality of (e.g., six) L-shaped switch terminals 11c connected to the unillustrated stationary contact.

The case 11a includes an upper case 11d and a lower case 11e. The upper case 11d and the lower case 11e are retained as one body by an appropriate means such as a snap-in engagement means. A switch terminal 11c of an approximately L-shape protrudes outwardly from the side wall of the lower case 11e. On the operating member 11b, a knob 15 with a later-described translucent portion 15b is retained.

A printed-circuit board 12 is made of for instance a synthetic resin such as a glass-filled epoxy resin material, and is formed in a flat plate shape. On at least one side (e.g., the back side) is formed an unillustrated circuit pattern of a specific configuration.

The printed-circuit board 12 has a plurality of (e.g., six) switch terminal holes 12a and plural sets of round through holes 12b (e.g., two sets including four holes in all: two holes per set). Around the switch terminal hole 12a and the through hole 12b, a wiring pattern is provided. The through holes 12b in one set are arranged at a spacing L1. In the switch terminal hole 12a of the printed-circuit board 12, the switch terminal 11c of the switch section 11 is inserted with the bottom surface of the lower case 11e of the switch section 11 set on the printed-circuit board 12. The forward end portion of the switch terminal 11c is soldered to the wiring pattern not depicted.

A holding member 13 is molded in an approximately rectangular shape of a synthetic resin material such as a phenolic resin material. The holding member 13 has a pair of (two) rectangular insertion holes 13a. The insertion holes 13a are formed through from the upper surface side to the lower surface side, and are arranged at a spacing L1.

The holding member 13 is mounted in the vicinity of the switch section 11 on the printed-circuit board 12. The insertion hole 13a and the through hole 12b of the printed-circuit board 12 are so arranged that the axes of the holes 12b and 13b will be aligned.

A lamp 14 has an illuminating portion 14a including a light-emitting device (LED) and a pair of lamp terminals 14b parallelly protruding out of the illuminating portion 14a. The pair of lamp terminals 14b are arranged at a spacing L1. There is provided a uniform, equal spacing between the illuminating portion 14a and the free end portion (forward end portion) of the lamp terminal 14b.

On the pair of lamp terminals 14b, a crank-like bent portion 14c is formed. The lamp terminals 14b of the lamp 14 are parallelly inserted in the insertion hole 13a of the holding member 13 and a set of through holes 12b of the printed-circuit board 12. The forward ends of the lamp terminals are soldered to the wiring pattern not shown.

The lamp terminal 14b is held by the holding member 13 on the printed-circuit board 12. The illuminating portion 14a is extended to the vicinity of the operating member 11b of the switch section 11, and the bent portion 14c is disposed in the vicinity of the upper case 11d of the switch section 11. In this state, the size between the illuminating portion 14a and the insertion hole 13a of the holding member 13, inclusive of the bent portion 14c, is relatively long; the illuminating portion 14a, therefore, is unstably supported.

The knob 15 is made by molding of an insulating molding material for example, and has an opaque pushing portion 15a, a translucent portion 15b provided at a desired part of the pushing portion 15a and made of a transparent or opaque insulating molding material, and an approximately rectangular recess portion 15c provided in the back side. The recess portion 15c of the knob 15 is retained by a suitable means to the operating member 11b of the case 11a, thus forming the knob 15 and the case 11a in one body.

The illuminating portion 14a is disposed in the vicinity of the bottom side of the translucent portion 15b of the knob 15. The translucent portion 15b is illuminated bright with the light from the illuminating portion 14a, being displayed in a raised state.

The illuminated switching device C thus constituted is disposed by an approximate means within a cabinet 16. When the switching device C is in this state, the knob 15 is disposed protruding out through an opening 16a provided in the cabinet 16.

Next, operation of the illuminated switching device C will be explained.

The illuminated switching device C is designed such that when the pushing portion 15a of the knob 15 is depressed and the knob 15 is swung, the operating member 11b engaged with the knob 15 is actuated. With the operation of the operating member 11b, the moving contact moves to and from the stationary contact, thus operating the contact on and off.

The lamp 14 of this illuminated switching device C is so arranged as to be turned on simultaneously with illumination of unillustrated headlamps of a motor vehicle (an automobile).

The conventional illuminated switch device C described above has such a problem that the lamp 14, retained by means of the holding member 13, needs this holding member 13, resulting in an increased component count. Furthermore, since a mounting spacing is needed for installing the holding member 13 on the printed-circuit board 12, upsizing the illuminated switching device will become imperative.

Because the length of the lamp terminal 14b from the upper end surface of the holding member 13 to the illuminating portion 14a is long, the lamp terminal 14b totters with the vibration of the illuminated switching device C. With this vibration, light emission to the translucent portion 15b of the illuminating portion 14a will totter in an unstable state.

Since the spacing L1 between a set of through holes 12b of the printed-circuit board 12 and the spacing between a pair of lamp terminals 14b of the lamp 14 are set at the same size, the lamp terminal 14b can easily be inserted into the through hole 12b. However, the illuminating portion 14a of the lamp 14 is hard to position at a given level above the printed-circuit board 12; and therefore the illuminating portion 14a of the lamp 14 to be mounted on the printed-circuit board 12 will not be set at a given height. Furthermore, because the spacing L1 between the lamp terminals 14b is narrow, the lamp 14 supported is likely to be unstable.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Accordingly it is an object of this invention to provide an illuminated switching device comprising a small number of components and capable of giving stabilized illumination to the translucent portion of a knob for purpose of solving the above-described problem.

The illuminated switching device of this invention is comprised of a switching section having a case and switch terminals protruding out of the case, a printed-circuit board with which the switch terminals are connected, and a lamp having a pair of lamp terminals connected to the printed-circuit board; the lamp terminals being supported by locking in the case.

Furthermore, in the illuminated switching device of this invention, the lamp terminals are provided with crank-like bent portions, which are retained in a groove portion of the case. The free ends of the lamp terminals are inserted through the through holes in the printed-circuit board.

Furthermore, the illuminated switching device of this invention has a groove portion formed in the side end face on the upper surface side of the case.

Furthermore, in the illuminated switching device of this invention, the free ends of the pair of lamp terminals are arranged at a wider distance than the other ends of the lamp terminals on the lamp side.

According to the illuminated switching device of this invention, the lamp terminals are retained on the case as described above; and therefore no holding member is needed for holding the lamp terminals of the conventional illuminated switching device. Therefore it is possible to provide a low-cost, down-sized illuminated switching device, the component count of which can be reduced to enable easy assembling.

Furthermore according to the illuminated switching device of this invention, since the crank-like bent portion of the lamp terminal is retained in the groove in the case, the lamp can easily be positioned by the case, to thereby insure stable arrangement of the lamp and the printed-circuit board. Also, since the length between the illuminating portion and the bent portion is relatively short, the illuminating portion will not totter if vibrated, to thereby enable stabilized illumination to the translucent portion.

Furthermore, according to the illuminated switching device of this invention, since the groove portion of the case for retaining the crank-like bent portion of the lamp terminal is formed in the side end face on the upper surface side of the case, the bent portion of the lamp terminal can be easily retained.

Furthermore, according to the illuminated switching device of this invention, the spacing between the free ends of the lamp terminals is set wider than that between the fixed ends of the lamp terminals on the lamp side, and therefore the lamp terminals are so arranged as to pinch the through hole portion when inserted into the through holes. Also since the bent portions are pressed into the grooves in the case, the lamp can be firmly attached to the printed-circuit board and the case, thus insuring stabilized mounting of the lamp.

Other objects, together with the foregoing, are attained in the embodiments described in the following description and illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • Fig. 1 is a front view showing an embodiment of an illuminated switching device of this invention;
  • Fig. 2 is a side view showing the illuminated switching device of Fig. 1 with a knob removed;
  • Fig. 3 is a front view showing an embodiment of a switch section and a printed-circuit board of the illuminated switching device of this invention;
  • Fig. 4 is a side view of Fig. 3;
  • Fig. 5 is a front view showing the second embodiment of the illuminated switching device of this invention;
  • Fig. 6 is a front view showing a conventional illuminated switching device; and
  • Fig. 7 is a side view showing the illuminated switching device of Fig. 6 with the knob removed.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

An illuminated switching device of this invention will hereinafter be described with reference to the accompanying drawings.

Fig. 1 is a front view showing an embodiment of the illuminated switching device of this invention; Fig. 2 is a side view showing the illuminated switching device of Fig. 1 with the knob removed; Fig. 3 is a front view showing another embodiment showing a switch section and a printed-circuit board of the illuminated switching device according to this invention; and Fig. 4 is a side view of Fig. 3.

As shown in Figs. 1 to 4, a switch section 1 of the illuminated switching device A is made of an insulating synthetic resin material such as a glass-filled epoxy resin material, and includes a case 1a formed by molding approximately into a shape of box, an unillustrated stationary contact housed in the case 1a and an unillustrated moving contact, an operating member 1b rockably pivoted on the upper surface side of the case 1a, and a plurality of (e.g., six) L-shaped switch terminals 1c connected (extended) with the stationary contact not shown.

The case 1a is comprised of an upper case 1d and a lower case 1e. The upper case 1d and the lower case 1e are retained as one body by an appropriate means such as a snap-in engagement means. The switch terminal 1c is approximately L-shaped, protruding out of the side wall of the lower case 1e. On the operating member 1b a knob 4 having a later-described translucent portion 4b is fitted.

On the opposite side end faces 1f, 1f on the upper surface side of the upper case 1d, there are parallelly formed a pair of grooves 1g at a spacing of L1. The grooves 1g are formed to a given depth from the upper surface side to the lower surface side.

A printed-circuit board 2 is made of for instance such a synthetic resin material as a glass-filled epoxy resin material, and is formed to a flat plate shape. And an unillustrated wiring pattern having a given configuration is formed at least on one surface side (e.g., on the back side).

Furthermore, the printed-circuit board 2 has a plurality of (e.g., six) switch terminal holes 2a, and plural sets (pieces) (e.g., two sets including four holes in all: two holes per set) of round through holes 2b. Around the switch terminal holes 2a and the through holes 2b, a wiring pattern is arranged. Each set of through holes 2b are arranged at a spacing L2, which is larger than the spacing L1 (L2>L1) of the grooves 1g.

In the switch terminal holes 2a in the printed-circuit board 2, the switch terminals 1c of the switch section 1 are inserted. At this time the lower case 1e of the switch section 1 is placed with its bottom surface set on the printed-circuit board 2. The forward end portion of the switch terminal 1c is soldered to the wiring pattern not shown.

A lamp 3 has an illuminating portion 3a comprising a light-emitting device (LED), and a pair of lamp terminals 3b protruding out of the illuminating portion 3a. The pair of lamp terminals 3b are arranged approximately at a spacing L2 at the forward end portion (free end portion), with the terminals on the illuminating portion (upper end portion) 3a side spaced at the size L1 (L2>L1).

In about the middle part of the pair of lamp terminals 3b, there is formed a crank-like bent portion 3c. The lamp terminals 3b are spread wider as they go from the bent portion 3c toward the forward end portion side. The forward end portions are inserted into a set of through holes 2b in the printed-circuit board 2, and soldered to the wiring pattern not shown.

When the illuminated switch device is in this state, the bent portions 3c of the pair of lamp terminals 3b are retained in the pair of grooves 1g of the upper case 1d. In this state, the upper end portion of the lamp terminal 3b protrudes out of the upper case 1d, and the illuminating portion 3a is disposed in the vicinity of the operating member 1b of the switch section 1. Therefore, the length of the lamp terminals 3b between the illuminating portion 3a to the bent portion 3c retained in the groove 1g is relatively short.

The knob 4 is made by molding an insulating molding material for example, and has an opaque pushing portion 4a, a translucent portion 4b made of a transparent of translucent insulating molding material and provided in a desired position of the pushing portion 4a, and an approximately rectangular recess portion 4c formed on the back side. The knob 4 is retained at the recess portion 4c by a suitable means such as a snap-in engagement means to the operating member 1b of the case 1a, thereby forming the knob 4 and the case 1a as one body.

The illuminating portion 3a is located near the bottom surface side of the translucent portion 4b of the knob 4. When the illuminating portion 3a is lit, the translucent portion 4b is illuminated bright, being so displayed as to be raised.

The illuminated switching device A of the above-described configuration is housed and disposed by a suitable means within a cabinet 5 made of a synthetic resin material for example. In this state, the knob 4 is arranged protruding out through an opening 5a provided in the cabinet 5.

Next, operation of the illuminated switching device A will be explained.

The illuminated switching device A is of such a design that when the pushing portion 4a of the knob 4 is depressed to rock the knob 4, thereby driving (rocking) the operating member 1b which is engaged with the knob 4. With the driving of the operating member 1b, the moving contact of the switch section 1 goes to and from the stationary contact, thus opening and closing the contact.

The lamp 3 of the illuminated switching device A is so arranged as to be illuminated simultaneously with the lighting of unillustrated headlamps of a motor vehicle (automobile).

Next, the second embodiment of the illuminated switching device according to this invention will be explained. Fig. 5 is a front view showing the second embodiment of the illuminated switching device according to this invention. In this illuminated switching device, the same members as those of the first embodiment will be designated with the same reference numerals and will not be described.

The illuminated switching device B differs from the illuminated switching device A of the first embodiment in the respect. In the illuminated switching device A, the knob 5 is provided with a translucent portion 5b which is illuminated and displayed by the illuminating portion 4a of the lamp 4; in the illuminated switching device B of the second embodiment, however, a translucent portion 8b of a cabinet 8 is illuminated and displayed by the illuminating portion 4a of the lamp 4.

Next, the second embodiment of the illuminated switching device will be explained.

As shown in Fig. 5, the operating member 1b of the case 1a is provided with a projecting portion 1h of approximately trapezoidal section protruding outwardly.

A knob 7 is made of a synthetic resin material by molding, and has a control portion 7b, a recess portion 7a formed in one end portion (root side) of the control portion 7b, and a collar portion 7c formed around the control portion 7b. In the recess portion 7a of the knob 7, the projecting portion 1h of the case 1a is inserted; thus forming the case 1a and the knob 7 as one unit by bonding with a suitable means such as an adhesive not depicted.

The cabinet 8 are made of for instance an insulating synthetic resin material by molding, and has an opening 8a and a translucent portion 8b of transparent or translucent insulating molding material provided in the vicinity of the opening 8a. In the cabinet 8 the illuminated switching device B is housed and set by a suitable means. In this state, the knob 7 is mounted protruding out from the opening portion 8a of the cabinet 8.

The illuminating portion 3a of the lamp 3 is located in the vicinity of the back side of the translucent portion 8b, and the translucent portion 8b will be displayed so as to be raised by illumination to the translucent portion 8b of the illuminating portion 3a.

The illuminated switching device B operates similarly to the illuminated switching device A of the above-described first embodiment and therefore will not be described.


Anspruch[en]
  1. An illuminated switching device, comprising: a case; a switch section having switch terminals protruding out of the case; a printed-circuit board with which the switch terminals are connected; and a lamp having a pair of lamp terminals connected with the printed-circuit board; the lamp terminals being retained and supported on the case.
  2. An illuminated switching device according to claim 1, wherein the lamp terminals are provided with a crank-like bent portion, which is retained and supported in a groove portion provided in the case; and free ends of the lamp terminals are inserted in through holes formed in the printed-circuit board.
  3. An illuminated switching device according to claim 2, wherein the groove portion provided in the case is formed in a side end face on the upper surface side of the case.
  4. An illuminated switching device according to any of claims 1 to 3, wherein the free ends of the pair of lamp terminals are spaced wider than the other ends of the lamp terminals on the lamp side.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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