PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0652713 30.11.2000
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0652713
Titel AN BETA-CAROTEN ANGEREICHERTE ESSFERTIGE GETREIDEPRODUKTE
Anmelder Kellogg Co., Battle Creek, Mich., US
Erfinder WULLSCHLEGER, Richard D., Battle Creek, US;
FULGONI, Victor L., East Leroy, US;
LIN, James C., Portage, US;
NIELSEN, Susan R., Battle Creek, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69329598
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 28.07.1993
EP-Aktenzeichen 939184651
WO-Anmeldetag 28.07.1993
PCT-Aktenzeichen US9307105
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 9403074
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 17.02.1994
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 17.05.1995
EP date of grant 25.10.2000
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 30.11.2000
IPC-Hauptklasse A23L 1/303
IPC-Nebenklasse A23L 1/164   A23L 1/302   

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates to ready-to-eat cereal products enriched with beta-carotene (BC). More particularly, it relates to cereal products in which the beta-carotene is present in a stabilized form which does not change the color, flavor or appearance of the product and in which the beta-carotene does not degrade under normal storage conditions.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Beta-carotene has, for many years, been used in food products in order to add color. For example, in U.S. Patent No. 4,565,702, which is concerned with dietary fiber compositions comprising insoluble fiber and soluble fiber formed into flavored food products, small amounts of beta-carotene are used to provide an orange color in orange-flavored tablets, fruit rolls and snack bars. Although beta-carotene is known to be an excellent source of vitamin A, it has heretofore not been feasible to incorporate beta-carotene into cereal-based products such as ready-to-eat cereals because the addition of sufficient beta-carotene to provide an effective amount of vitamin A also causes undesirable changes in the color, flavor and appearance of the product. Furthermore, since beta-carotene is a natural anti-oxidant, it will degrade quickly, by oxidation, under normal storage conditions.

It is therefore a principal object of this invention to provide cereal products enriched with beta-carotene in which the beta-carotene is present in sufficient amount to provide a source of vitamin A. It is a further object of the invention to provide such an enriched cereal in which the beta-carotene is in stable form and does not adversely alter the color, flavor or aroma of the product.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

This invention provides cereal compositions, particularly ready-to-eat cereals, containing beta-carotene in an amount ranging preferably from 0.001% to 0.02%, percentage based on the dry weight of the cereal composition. The beta-carotene incorporated into the composition is encapsulated within variably sized water insoluble beadlets. The encapsulating material is preferably gelatin or alginate, having a particle size ranging from 50 µm (microns) to µm 500 microns. The beta-carotene incorporated into these compositions by these procedures remains stable under normal storage conditions, and does not produce a product with color, flavor or aroma characteristics which are significantly different over analogous cereal compositions not containing beta-carotene.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • Figure 1 is a graph showing study of stability and content of BC in a cereal composition over time with cross-linked BC at 0.02 mg/g (0.6 mg/oz.), alginate coated BC at 0.02 mg/g (0.6 mg/oz.), and crosslinked SWI gelatin BC at 0.02 mg/g (0.6 mg/oz) after treatment in hot room over 12 week period.
  • Figure 2 is a graph showing study of stability and content of BC enriched cereal composition after treatment in hot room and room temperature over 12 week/12 month period.

DETAILED DISCLOSURE

Beta-carotene(BC) is a precursor of vitamin A and ingested beta-carotene is converted in the human body to vitamin A. Conversion of BC to Vitamin A proceeds on an "as needed" basis. The amount of beta-carotene ingested need not be closely controlled for fear of vitamin A toxicity.

Efforts to incorporate beta-carotene into food products have been largely unsuccessful because beta-carotene causes the food to change color, flavor and aroma. Indeed, small amounts of beta-carotene - too small to be an effective source of vitamin A -are commonly incorporated into food products such as soft drinks, margarine, cheese, etc. as a coloring agent. A further problem with beta-carotene is that it is a natural anti-oxidant which degrades quickly under normal ambient storage conditions.

We have discovered that, by incorporating beta-carotene into cereal products, in particular ready-to-eat cereals, in the form of water insoluble beadlets and/or in a finely divided particulate form, cereal products can be prepared which contain sufficient amount of beta-carotene to provide an effective source of the Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) of vitamin A and which, at the same time, do not exhibit significant changes in color, aroma or flavor. Furthermore, with the beta-carotene being in the form of insoluble beadlets, oxidation is significantly reduced or even entirely eliminated, thus providing for a stable product under ordinary conditions of food storage.

The beadlets usable in the composition and process of this invention consist essentially of beta-carotene encapsulated in a capsule material which are water insoluble at temperatures below 145°C (293°F). Suitable encapsulating materials include, for example, gelatin, alginates such as sodium alginate and the like, particularly gelatin. The beadlets can be prepared by any suitable method, so long as discrete encapsulated particles of suitable particle size are obtained. A particularly suitable method of preparing beadlets for use in this invention is disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 4,670,247, pertinent portions of which are incorporated herein by reference.

Beta-carotene beadlets are particularly suited for incorporation into cereal products, such as ready-to-eat dry cereals. In ready-to-eat dry cereals, the beadlets should be incorporated so that the resultant product has a beta-carotene content ranging from 0.001% to 0.02%, preferably from 0.001% to 0.01%, based on the dry weight of the ready-to-eat cereal. This is equivalent to a beta-carotene content of 0.3 mg to 3.0 mg per 28.35 gram (1 oz.) serving.

In order to be successfully incorporated into dry ready-to-eat cereal products and to be stable under expected storage conditions, the beta-carotene beadlets should be of a particle size ranging from 50 µm (microns) to 500 µm (microns). There is an effective lower limit to particle size because, as particle size is reduced, particle surface area is increased and a larger surface area may adversely affect stability.

In general, the beta-carotene beadlets can be added to the bulk cereal starting materials during the cooking process or when the process is complete, and then the cooked cereal product is processed into the finished beta-carotene enriched cereal product of the present invention. A wide variety of bulk cereal ingredients can be combined with the beta-carotene beadlets in accordance with the present invention. The cereal ingredients include: whole grains such as whole wheat, rice, oats, barley, corn and rye; grain components such as wheat germ and brans including oat bran, wheat bran, etc.; flour such as wheat flour, corn flour, etc.; legumes such soybeans, peas, beans and the like; and non-bran fiber sources such as prune fiber, guar, beet fiber and citrus pulp and other raw material ingredients which can conventionally be included in dry ready-to-eat cereals.

This invention will be better understood by reference to the following examples, which are here included for purposes of exemplification only.

Example 1 Incorporation of Beta-Carotene into cereal composition.

To test the stability of the cereal composition ready-to-eat cereal enriched with beta-carotene, the following compositions were prepared: Ingredient %Dry Basis Wheat bran 81.230 sugar 8.20 HFCS, 42% 5.40 malt flavor (wort) 2.90 salt 2.10 10% Beta-Carotene, (crosslinked gelatin) 0.022 Vitamin and Minerals 0.0564

Cooker is preheated to 123°C (254°F) for 30 minutes at 1.17 bar (17 psi). Bran and flavoring, including vitamins, minerals, water and BC are mixed in cooker. Then the mixture is cooked at 1.17 bar (17 psi), for 30 minutes at 123°C (254°F). Afterwards the cooked cereal mixture is dried to 25% moisture. The cooked cereal mixture is sized in a Fitz mill, and then shredded in a Bran shred mill. After shredding, the remaining mixture is dried on vat for 20 minutes at 121°C (250°F). Vitamin A, D, E, and C are sprayed on after drying.

A stability study was carried out on the samples over a 12 week period in the hot room and over a 12 month period at room temperature. See Table 1. Results indicate that cereal composition with beta-carotene beadlets provide excellent stability. The color, appearance, flavor and BC are all stable and acceptable for R-T-E cereal of this invention. Hot Room mg/g βC (mg/oz βC) Initial 0.023 (0.67) 3 Weeks 0.028 (0.81) 6 Weeks 0.023 (0.64) 9 Weeks 0.022 (0.61) 12 Weeks 0.022 (0.63) Room Temp mg/g βC (mg/oz βC) Initial 0.023 (0.67) 3 Months 0.018 (0.51) 6 Months 0.013 (0.38) 9 Months 0.017 (0.49) 12 Months 0.022 (0.62)

Pilot Plant Food Stable for all Attributes

Example 2 Incorporation of Beta-Carotene into Cereal Composition

The following compositions were prepared;

(Cooked BRAN) Ingredients %Dry Basis Wheat bran 76.695 sugar 17.400 malt flavor (wort) 2.900 salt 2.540 Vitamin & Mineral 0.056

Cooker is preheated to 123°C (254°F) for 30 minutes at 1.17 bar (17 psi). Bran and flavoring, including vitamins, minerals, and water are mixed in cooker. The mixture is continuously mixed for 5 minutes at high gear. Then the mixture is cooked at 1.17 bar (17 psi), for 30 minutes at 123°C (254°F). Afterwards the mixture is dried to 12% moisture. The remaining mixture is ground in a Fitz mill utilizing a #4 screen.

To prepare the cereal composition, the following compositions were prepared: Ingredient %Dry Basis B Cooked Bran 29.700 A Sugar 20.700 B Rolled Oats, Quick Cooking 19.800 A Kaomel Vegetable Oil 10.300 B Oat Bran (National) 7.250 A Malt syrup 3.400 A Corn syrup 2.700 A Coconut, Desiccated, Medium Cut 2.630 B Wheat Starch, pre-gelatinized 2.060 A brown sugar molasses 1.300 A Vitamin premix with salt 0.450 B Sodium Bicarbonate & Minerals 0.446 A Vitamins A & D NAO 0.023

First heat slurry by mixing all ingredients labeled A for 15 minutes to 63°C (145°F). Separately mix dry (labeled B) ingredients for one minute in Hobart. Mix slurry and mixture for two minutes at medium speed. Extract the remaining mixture through the COB die. See U.S. Patent No. 4,178,392, the content of which is incorporated herein by reference. Then bake in oven.

Samples containing the above mixture were combined with the following beta-carotene products: 4.90g. 10% Beta-Carotene, crosslinked gelatin (Roche) % Dry Basis = 0.022 2.45g. 20% Beta-Carotene, alginate coated (Roche) % Dry Basis = 0.011 O 9.02g. 5.43% Beta-Carotene, crosslinked gelatin (SWI) % Dry Basis = 0.040

The samples were stored in a hot room and were tested for 13 weeks to determine the stability and the content of beta-carotene retained in the cereal. Twenty-nine trained difference panelists from Science and Technology were given the control and a test product made with crosslinked gelatin beadlets to determine whether the products were detectably different.

No significant difference was detected between the standard cereal composition and the test product with beta-carotene. Figure 1 shows the level of beta-carotene retained in the test samples during the 13 week hot-room stability testing. The color, appearance, and flavor were acceptable for R-T-E cereal of this invention.

Example 3 Incorporation of Beta-Carotene into Cereal Composition

The following compositions were prepared; Ingredients %Dry Basis A rolled Oats, quick cooking 49.100 B Brown sugar, light 25.300 B Kaomel Vegetable Oil 11.700 A Dry Whey, Extra Grade 6.500 B Rice Krispies 4.500 B 42% HFCS 2.100 A Salt 0.430 B Vitamins A & D with BHT (3%) 0.142 A Ground Cinnamon 0.105 A Niacin B3 0.004 A Sodium Acetate 0.002 A PyrClde Vit B6 0.001 A Riboflavin B2 0.001 A Folic Acid 0.0002 A 10% Beta-Carotene, cross-linked gelatin scaled up version 0.212

Mix dry (labeled A) ingredients in Hobart. Separately mix slurry, all ingredients (labeled B), and heat to 66°C (150°F). Add slurry and mixture for two minutes at medium speed. Toast in oven for ten minutes at 138°C (280°F), remove and stir after five minutes. Size through 1.27 cm (S") open screen and on vat at 93°C (200°F), then allow to cool.

Stability of the composition cereal was tested after storage at room temperature at 3, 6, 9, and 12 month intervals and after storage in the hot room (38°C/100°F) at 3, 6, 9, 12 week intervals. Thirty panelists tested the cereal composition with and without beta-carotene. The results are shown in Figure 2 and Table 2. The color, appearance, and flavor were acceptable and appropriate for R-T-E cereal of this invention. Hot Room mg/g βC (mg/oz βC) Initial 0.023 (0.64) 3 Weeks 0.018 (0.52) 6 Weeks 0.014 (0.39) 9 Weeks 0.016 (0.45) 12 Weeks 0.023 (0.66) Room Temp mg/g βC (mg/oz βC) Initial 0.023 (0.64) 3 Months 0.018 (0.50) 6 Months 0.027 (0.77) 9 Months 0.013 (0.32) 12 Months 0.016 (0.44)

Difference Testing has been completed

Example 4 (Not an embodiment of the present invention) Incorporation of Beta-Carotene into cereal composition

The following compositions were prepared; Ingredients %Dry Basis Puffed wheat, Durum 40.000 Sucrose 46.446 Corn Syrup, 62 DE 10.230 Honey 1.670 Salt 0.350 Caramel color, WJ 00490 0.070 Sodium acetate 0.102 sodium L-ascorbate (vit C) 0.061 10% Beta-Carotene* 0.012 Ferric Phosphate 0.023 Niacin B3 0.018 Pyridoxine Hydrochloride B6 0.002 Riboflavin 0.002 Folic Acid 0.0003 Kaomel Vegetable Oil 1.000 Vit A & D oil, NAO 0.023 Thiamin B1 0.001
* BC beadlets used in this example were water soluble. It is believed that the sweetening agents in the composition coats the BC beadlets without the need for cross linking.

Heat coating equipment and dryer. Heat wheat on vat to 99°C (210°F). Heat syrup on hotplate to 127°C (260°F). Spray syrup on base using 0.117 cm (0.046") nozzle. Pour oil solution with vitamin A&D and B1 on coated base and remove from drum. Dry for ten minutes at 99°C (210°F) and mix after five minutes. Cool and pass through 1.27cm (S") screen.

The products were tested to determine the effect on the stability of the cereal composition by adding 10% beta-carotene to the standard low temperature coating.

There were no major stability issues reported by panelists or by chemical analyses at the end of 12 months. Measurements of beta-carotene content were taken at 3, 4, 6, 9, and 12 months. See Table 3. Room Temp mg/g βC (mg/oz βC) Initial 0.023 (0.65) 3 Months 0.014 (0.40) 4 Months 0.018 (0.52) 6 Months 0.017 (0.47) 9 Months 0.017 (0.48) 12 Months 0.018 (0.50)

No Major Stability Issues Reported by Panelists or by Chemistry Analysis

The beta-carotene level measured at 12 months was 0.018 mg/g (0.50 mg/oz). Panelists found no differences between the control product without beta-carotene and the test product with BC. The appearance and flavor were acceptable and appropriate for R-T-E cereal of this invention. Although the color appeared slightly different from other products, the product was considered acceptable.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Eßfertiges Getreide umfassend mindestens einen Getreidebestandteil und Beta-Karotin, eingekapselt in ein wasserunlösliches Kügelchen in einer Menge, die ausreicht, um mindestens einen Anteil der empfohlenen Tagesaufnahme (Recommended Daily Allowance) an Vitamin A bereitzustellen.
  2. Eßfertiges Getreide nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Beta-Karotin in dem Getreideprodukt in einer Menge in einem Bereich von 0,001% bis 0,02%, bezogen auf das Trockengewicht des eßfertigen Getreides, vorliegt.
  3. Eßfertiges Getreide nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die wasserunlöslichen Kügelchen in einem Größenbereich von 50 µm (Mikrons) bis 500 µm (Mikrons) sind.
  4. Eßfertiges Getreide nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, wobei Beta-Karotin in dem Getreideprodukt in einer Menge in einem Bereich von 0,001% bis 0,01% vorliegt.
  5. Eßfertiges Getreide nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, wobei Beta-Karotin in quervernetzter Gelatine eingekapselt ist und die Kügelchen eine Partikelgröße in einem Bereich von 100 µm (Mikrons) bis 400 µm (Mikrons) besitzen.
  6. Eßfertiges Getreide nach einem der Ansprüche 1-4, wobei die Kügelchen in ein Alginat eingekapselt sind und die Kügelchen eine Partikelgröße in einem Bereich von 50 µm (Mikrons) bis 200 µm (Mikrons) besitzen.
  7. Verfahren zum Einschließen von Beta-Karotin in ein eßfertiges Getreide, wobei das Verfahren das Beimischen von Beta-Karotin, das in wasserunlösliche Kügelchen eingekapselt ist, mit einem oder mehreren Getreidebestandteilen umfaßt.
  8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, wobei die wasserunlöslichen Kügelchen, die dem eßfertigen Getreide zugesetzt werden, eine Partikelgröße in einem Bereich von 50 µm (Mikrons) bis 500 µm (Mikrons) besitzen.
  9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7 oder 8, wobei die Beta-Karotin enthaltenden Kügelchen eine Partikelgröße in einem Bereich von 50 µm (Mikrons) bis 400 µm (Mikrons) besitzen.
  10. Eßfertiges Getreide, enthaltend Vitamin A, wobei die Verbesserung das Einschließen von Vitamin A in Form von Beta-Karotin umfaßt, das in wasserunlösliche Kügelchen eingekapselt ist.
Anspruch[en]
  1. Ready-to-eat cereal comprising at least one cereal ingredient and beta-carotene encapsulated in a water insoluble beadlet in an amount sufficient to provide at least a portion of the Recommended Daily Allowance of Vitamin A.
  2. The ready-to-eat cereal of claim 1 wherein the beta-carotene is present in the cereal product in an amount ranging from 0.001% to 0.02% based on the dry weight of the ready-to-eat cereal.
  3. The ready-to-eat cereal of claim 1 or 2, wherein said water insoluble beadlets range in size from 50 µm (microns) to 500 µm (microns).
  4. The ready-to-eat cereal of any preceding claim, wherein beta-carotene is present in the cereal product in an amount ranging from 0.001% to 0.01%.
  5. The ready-to-eat cereal of any preceding claim, wherein beta-carotene is encapsulated in crosslinked gelatin and the beadlets have a particle size ranging from 100 µm (microns) to 400 µm (microns).
  6. The ready-to-eat cereal of any one of claims 1-4 wherein the beadlets are encapsulated in an alginate and the beadlets have a particle size ranging from 50 µm (microns) to 200 µm (microns).
  7. Method for incorporating beta-carotene into a ready-to-eat cereal which comprises admixing beta-carotene encapsulated in water insoluble beadlets with one or more cereal ingredients.
  8. The method of claim 7, wherein said water insoluble beadlets added to the ready-to-eat cereal have a particle size ranging from 50 µm (microns) to 500 µm (microns).
  9. The method of claim 7 or 8 wherein the beta-carotene containing beadlets have a particle size ranging from 50 µm (microns) to 400 µm (microns).
  10. In a ready-to-eat cereal containing Vitamin A, the improvement which comprises incorporating vitamin A in the form of beta-carotene encapsulated in water insoluble beadlets.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Céréale prête à consommer comprenant au moins un ingrédient céréalier et du bêta-carotène encapsulé dans un granule insoluble dans l'eau, dont la quantité est suffisante pour fournir au moins une partie de l'apport journalier recommandé en vitamine A.
  2. La céréale prête à consommer de la revendication 1 où le bêta-carotène est présent dans le produit à base de céréale dans une proportion allant de 0,001% à 0,02% du poids sec de la céréale prête à consommer.
  3. La céréale prête à consommer de la revendication 1 ou 2 où lesdits granules insolubles dans l'eau sont d'une taille allant de 50 µm (microns) à 500 µm (microns).
  4. La céréale prête à consommer de n'importe quelle revendication précédente où le bêta-carotène est présent dans le produit à base de céréale dans une proportion allant de 0,001% à 0,01%.
  5. La céréale prête à consommer de n'importe quelle revendication précédente où le bêta-carotène est encapsulé dans de la gélatine réticulée et où les granules sont d'une taille allant de 100 µm (microns) à 400 µm (microns).
  6. La céréale prête à consommer de n'importe quelle des revendications 1 à 4 où les granules sont encapsulés dans un alginate et où les granules sont d'une taille allant de 50 µm (microns) à 200 µm (microns).
  7. Méthode d'incorporation du bêta-carotène dans une céréale prête à consommer qui comprend l'admixtion de bêta-carotène encapsulé dans des granules insolubles dans l'eau, à un ou plusieurs ingrédients céréaliers.
  8. La méthode de la revendication 7 où lesdits granules insolubles dans l'eau, ajoutés à la céréale prête à consommer, sont d'une taille allant de 50 µm (microns) à 500 µm (microns).
  9. La méthode de la revendication 7 ou 8 où les granules contenant le bêta-carotène sont d'une taille allant de 50 µm (microns) à 400 µm (microns).
  10. Dans une céréale prête à consommer contenant de la vitamine A l'amélioration constituée par l'incorporation de vitamine A sous forme de bêta-carotène encapsulé dans des granules insolubles dans l'eau.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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