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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1048414 07.12.2000
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 1048414
Titel ANZIEH-STEUERVORRICHTUNG FÜR DREHSCHLAG-SCHRAUBER
Anmelder Fuji Air Tools Co., Ltd., Osaka, Osaka, JP
Erfinder NAGATO, Atsushi, Osaka-shi, Osaka 537-0003, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 24.02.1999
EP-Aktenzeichen 999064769
WO-Anmeldetag 24.02.1999
PCT-Aktenzeichen JP9900858
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0021719
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 20.04.2000
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 02.11.2000
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 07.12.2000
IPC-Hauptklasse B25B 23/145
IPC-Nebenklasse B25B 21/02   

Beschreibung[en]
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a clamping control unit for hydraulic pulse wrench, and more particularly to a clamping control unit for hydraulic pulse wench which has particularly a simple construction and by which a clamping torque can be controlled in high precision.

PRIOR ART

First of all, a conventional mechanism for generating a clamping torque for hydraulic pulse wrench will be described simply in conjunction with FIGS. 4 and 5 wherein reference numeral 51 designates a cylinder casing, and 52 denotes a main shaft disposed inside the cylinder casing 51. The cylinder casing 51 is adapted to be rotatively driven by means of an air motor, and further a distal end portion of the main shaft 52 is adapted to be engaged with members to be damped such as bolts, and nuts. Inside the cylinder casing 51, an oil cylinder 53 is formed, and a sectional contour thereof has a shape wherein a pair of circular arcs juxtaposed to a slightly eccentric position from the rotational center of the main shaft 52 are smoothly aligned to each other so as to form an elliptical configuration. Sealed portions 53a, 53b, 53c and 53d each extending along the axial direction of the oil cylinder are defined at substantially quadrisected positions on the inner circumferential surface of the oil cylinder 53. Although it is not shown in the figures, the oil cylinder 53 is filled with a hydraulic operating fluid. On one hand, a proximal end portion of the main shaft 52 is inserted and disposed in the oil cylinder 53, and at the same time a blade groove 54 is defined on the site corresponding thereto, a pair of blades 55, 55 being placed slidably in the blade groove 54. These blades 55, 55 are energized by means of a spring 56 (FIG. 5) so as to project outwardly in the diametrical direction thereof, whereby distal end portions of the respective blades 55, 55 are adapted to be slidably in contact with the inner circumferential wall of the above described oil cylinder 50. Furthermore, in the main shaft 52, seal portions 52a and 52b are formed at positions intersecting at right angles with respect to the respective blades 55, 55.

In the above described clamping torque generating mechanism 20, when the cylinder casing 51 is rotatively driven by means of an air motor, a relative rotating position defined between the main shaft 52 and the oil cylinder 53 changes. However, when the respective seal portions 52a, 52b of the main shaft 52 and the distal ends of the respective blades 55, 55 reached a specified position where all these portions are in contact with the respective seal portions 53a, 53b, 53c and 53d of the oil cylinder 53 as shown in FIG. 5, hydraulic operating fluid is allowed to contain on either side of the respective blades 55 and 55 to define a high pressure chamber H. On the opposite side of either of the above described blades 55 and 55, no containment of the hydraulic operating fluid arises to define a low pressure chamber L having a lower pressure than that of the former chamber. As a result of such containment of the hydraulic operating fluid as described above, a pulsed high pressure is produced, and it acts upon the main shaft 52 to apply the same as a clamping torque to a member to be clamped. In also the case where the cylinder casing 51 rotates further by 180° from the above described position, the same state as that described above appears. In general, however, it is arranged in such that only once clamping torque is produced per one rotation of the cylinder casing 51 by either devising a configuration or a layout of the respective seal portions 53b, 53d, 52a and 52b so as to appear each gap among the respective seal portions 53b and 53d of the oil cylinder 53 as well as the respective seal portions 52a and 52b of the main shaft 52, or adopting such a construction that the high pressure chamber H communicates with the low pressure chamber L under only this condition even where the respective seal portions 53b, 53d, 52a and 52b are in contact with each other.

After the high pressure chamber H and the low pressure chamber L have been defined in the oil cylinder 53 as described above, it is required to bypass a part of high pressure oil contained in the high pressure chamber H to the lower pressure chamber L in order that the cylinder casing 51 is further made to be rotatable. For this purpose, a bypass passage 57 is defined in the cylinder casing 51. Moreover, a valve shaft insertion hole 58 is bored on the cylinder easing 51 so as to be across the bypass passage 57, and a valve shaft 59 is inserted in the insertion hole 58.

FIG. 5 is a longitudinally sectional view showing a pulse generation mechanism. As illustrated in the figure, a communication path 60 for allowing to penetrate the bypass passage 57 is formed on the valve shaft 59. In this case, the communication path 60 functions as a variable aperture wherein a flow passage area of the communication path varies by adjusting a position of the valve shaft 59 in the axial direction thereof. More specifically, when a flow passage area of the communication path 60 is varied, the peak pressure of a pulsed high pressure produced in the high pressure chamber H is adjusted, whereby a clamping torque is controlled. For instance, when the flow passage area is reduced, high peak pressure is produced, and as a result, a high clamping torque is obtained.

To the above described hydraulic pulse wrench is further added a mechanism for stopping automatically a clamping operation of the air motor in the case where a predetermined clamping torque was obtained. First, a relief valve 61 is mounted on a shaft end portion on the distal side of the valve shaft 59. The relief valve 61 has a structure wherein a ball 62 is pressed to be contact with a shaft end surface of the valve shaft 59 by means of a spring 63 in which a pressure of a hydraulic operating fluid in the communication path 60 acts upon the ball 62 through a pressure leading path 64 defined in a shaft center portion of the valve shaft 59, so that the pressure is opposed to a force of the spring 63. A secondary side of the relief valve 61 communicates with a cylinder chamber 65 formed on a top cover. Inside the cylinder chamber 65, a piston 66 is contained, and an automatic shutoff mechanism (not shown) is operated by a movement of the piston 66 by way of a rod 67. Namely, during a clamping operation, when a predetermined peak pressure is produced in the high pressure chamber H and the hydraulic operating fluid in the communication path 60 exceeds the value of a predetermined pressure, the relief valve 61 is opened against a force of the spring 63, so that the hydraulic operating fluid relieved as a result of opening the relief valve 61 flows into the cylinder chamber 65 to push the piston 66, whereby the automatic shutoff mechanism is operated through the rod 67. Thus, supply of air to the air motor is stopped as a result of operation of the automatic shutoff mechanism, so that clamping operation is ceased.

Adjustment of a clamping torque in the above described hydraulic pulse wrench is carried out by such a manner that the valve shaft 59 is transferred in the axial direction, whereby a flow path-area of the communication passage 60 is adjusted, and at the same time, a spring force of the spring 63 in the relief valve 61 is adjusted. For instance, in case of increasing a clamping torque, the valve shaft 59 is transferred to the right side in FIG. 5 to increase a degree of opening of an aperture diaphragm in the communication path 60, whereby the peak pressure of hydraulic operating fluid produced in the high pressure chamber H is increased, while the spring 63 of the relief valve 61 is compressed to set a relief pressure to a high value.

In the meantime, for the sake of changing a single characteristic value, i.e., a clamping torque in the above described hydraulic pulse wrench, two characteristic values, i.e., the peak pressure of a hydraulic operating fluid in the high pressure chamber H and a spring force in the relief valve 61 are changed. In this case, if the peak pressure and the spring force vary with the same characteristics as that of the original state in response to transfer of the valve shaft 59, there is no problem. However, although both the peak pressure and the spring force have a certain degree of correlativity, they do not vary with quite same characteristics. Thus, in the case where increase in the spring force is more remarkable than that of the peak pressure, the relief valve does not operate, so that it is forecasted that a situation where a unit does not function arises. On one hand, even if there is a situation where a sufficient peak pressure is to be obtained, the relief valve 61 is opened before a predetermined peak pressure is attained in the case where a sufficient spring force is not obtained, so that there is a possibility wherein a desired clamping torque is not achieved.

In order to avoid occurrence of such an inconvenient situation as described above, very high dimensional accuracy is required in the respective sections in the valve shaft 59, it is further required to take sufficient consideration for selecting a spring, and close attentions are also required for assembling these members. Accordingly, there is such a disadvantage that a conventional hydraulic pulse wrench must be inevitably expensive.

The present invention has been made to eliminate the above described disadvantages involved in the prior art, and an object of the invention is to provide a clamping control unit for hydraulic pulse wrench which has a simple construction and by which clamping torque can be controlled with high precision.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION

In a hydraulic pulse wrench which is provided with a clamping torque generating mechanism 20 driven by an air motor 11, the clamping torque generating mechanism 20 being provided with a cylinder casing 21 and a main shaft 22, either of the cylinder casing 21 and the main shaft 22 being rotatively driven by the air motor 11, while the rest of either of the cylinder casing 21 and the main shaft 22 being constructed so as to engage with a member to be clamped, an oil cylinder 23 disposed in the cylinder casing 21 being filled with a hydraulic operating fluid, at the same time, a blade 25 being mounted to the main shaft 22, whereby the blade 25 is disposed relatively rotatable inside the oil cylinder 23, and a high pressure chamber H for containing the hydraulic operating fluid being formed at a specific position in the rotating direction of the oil cylinder 23 and the blade 25 on either side of the blade, while a low pressure chamber L having a lower pressure than that of the high pressure chamber being formed on the opposite side of the blade, whereby a clamping torque is applied to the member to be clamped; a clamping control unit for the hydraulic pulse wrench according to the first invention is characterized in that a bypass passage 27 for communicating the high pressure chamber H with the low pressure chamber L is formed, a pressure leading path 28 is branched halfway through the bypass passage 27, a fixed aperture diaphragm 27a is disposed at a position located on a nearer side to the high pressure chamber II than that of a branched section of the pressure leading path 28 in the bypass passage 27, the pressure leading path 28 is connected to a primary side of a relief valve 31, while an automatic shutoff mechanism 41 operated by means of a hydraulic operating fluid which has been relieved is disposed on the secondary side of the relief valve 31 wherein it is constructed in such that air supply to the air motor 11 is stopped as a result of operating the automatic shutoff mechanism 41, and a relief pressure regulating means 43 for regulating a relief pressure in the relief valve 31 is further disposed.

In the clamping control unit for hydraulic pulse wrench according to the first invention, when the peak pressure produced in the high pressure chamber H reaches a predetermined value of pressure and a pressure of the hydraulic operating fluid in the pressure leading path 28 exceeds a relief pressure in the relief valve 31, the relief valve 31 is opened, the automatic shutoff mechanism 41 is operated by means of a pressure of the hydraulic operating fluid which has been relieved on the secondary side of the relief valve 31 thereby to stop air supply to the air motor 11, so that a clamping operation is automatically stopped. Regulation of a clamping torque may be carried out by adjusting a relief pressure in the relief valve 31 by the relief pressure regulating means 43. As described above, since only a relief pressure of the relief valve 31 may be regulated for adjusting a clamping torque, it becomes possible to control a clamping torque with high precision in a simple structure.

Furthermore, a clamping control unit for hydraulic pulse wrench according to the second invention is characterized in that a fixed aperture diaphragm 27b is disposed also at a position located on a nearer side to the low pressure chamber L than that of the branched section of the pressure leading path 28 in the bypass passage 27.

In the clamping control unit for hydraulic pulse wrench according to the second invention, an intermediate pressure produced between two fixed aperture diaphragms 27a and 27b is supplied to the relief valve 31, and a torque is controlled with this pressure, so that it becomes possible to control the torque with high precision.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • FIG. 1 is a schematic constructional diagram showing a clamping control unit for hydraulic pulse wrench according to the present invention;
  • FIG. 2 is a whole sectional view, in the longitudinal section thereof, showing an embodiment of the clamping control unit for hydraulic pulse wrench of FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 3 is a partial sectional view, in the longitudinal section thereof, showing an essential part of the clamping control unit for hydraulic pulse wrench of FIG. 2;
  • FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view showing a conventional clamping control unit for hydraulic pulse wrench; and
  • FIG. 5 is a sectional view, in the longitudinal section thereof, showing the conventional clamping control unit for hydraulic pulse wrench.

PREFERRED EMBODIMENT OF THE INVENTION

A specific embodiment of a clamping control unit for hydraulic pulse wrench according to the present invention will be described in detail hereinafter by referring to the accompanying drawings.

FIG. 2 shows a whole schematic construction of the clamping control unit for hydraulic pulse wrench wherein the hydraulic pulse wrench is provided with a grip section 1 and a main body casing 10 extending in a horizontal direction in FIG. 2 on the upper end of the grip section 1. The grip section 1 is provided with an air intake port 2 and an operating lever 3. A rear side portion of the main body casing 10 contains a vane type air motor 11, while a front side portion thereof contains a clamping torque generating mechanism 20. The clamping torque generating mechanism 20 is driven by a rotor 12 of the air motor 11. From the extreme end portion of the main body casing 10, a main shaft 22 extends, and an attachment section for a socket (not shown) and the like is formed on a distal end thereof.

The clamping torque generating mechanism 20 may be the substantially same one as a conventional mechanism wherein a cylinder casing 21 and a main shaft 22 disposed therein are contained, the cylinder casing 21 is adapted to be rotatively driven by a rotor 12 of an air motor 11, and further a distal end portion of the main shaft 22 is adapted to be engaged with a member to be clamped such as a bolt, and a nut. Inside the cylinder casing 21, an oil cylinder 23 is formed, and a sectional contour thereof has a shape wherein a pair of circular arce juxtaposed to a slightly eccentric position from the rotational center of the main shaft 22 are smoothly aligned to each other so as to form an elliptical configuration. Sealed portions 23a, 23b, 23c and 23d each extending along the axial direction of the oil cylinder 23 are defined at substantially quadrisected positions on the inner circumferential surface of the oil cylinder 23. Although it is not shown in the figures, the oil cylinder 23 is filled with a hydraulic operating fluid. On one hand, a proximal end portion of the main shaft 22 is inserted in and disposed on the oil cylinder 23, and at the same time a blade groove 24 is defined on the site corresponding thereto, a pair of blades 25, 25 being placed slidably in the blade groove 24. These blades 25, 25 are energized by means of a spring 26 (FIGS. 2 and 3) so as to project outwardly in the diametrical direction thereof, whereby the extreme end portions of the respective blades 25, 25 are adapted to be slidably in contact with the inner circumferential wall of the above described oil cylinder 23. Furthermore, in the main shaft 22, seal portions 22a and 22b are formed at positions intersecting at right angles with respect to the respective blades 25, 25.

In the above described clamping torque generating mechanism 20, when the cylinder casing 21 is rotatively driven by means of an air motor 11, a relative rotating position defined between the main shaft 22 and the oil cylinder 23 changes. However, when the respective seal portions 22a, 22b of the main shaft 22 and the distal ends of the respective blades 25, 25 reached a specified position where all these portions are in contact with the respective seal portions 23a, 23b, 23c and 23d of the oil cylinder 23 as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, a hydraulic operating fluid is allowed to contain on either side of the respective blades 25 and 25 to define a high pressure chamber H. On the opposite side of either of the above described blades 25 and 25, no containment of the hydraulic operating fluid arises to define a low pressure chamber L having a lower pressure than that of the former chamber. As a result of such containment of the hydraulic operating fluid as described above, a pulsed high pressure is produced, and it acts upon the main shaft 22 to apply the same as a damping torque to a member to be clamped. It is to be noted that such arrangement that a clamping torque is allowed to generate only once per one rotation of the cylinder casing 21 is the same as that of a conventional one.

A bypass passage 27 is formed so as to communicate the high pressure chamber H with the low pressure chamber L constructed as described above. The bypass passage 27 is composed of a pair of fixed aperture diaphragms 27a, 27b and a part of a pressure leading path 28. More specifically, the pressure leading path 28 is defined in a manner extending along the axial direction of the cylinder casing 21 as shown in FIG. 3. Furthermore, as shown in FIG. 1, a passage with a small diameter is defined as the fixed aperture diameter 27a, while a passage with a small diameter is defined as the fixed aperture diaphragm 27b so as to communicate the pressure leading path 28 with the low pressure chamber L. The pressure leading path 28 is further led to a top cover 29 of the oil cylinder 23 as shown in FIG. 3, and the pressure leading path 28 is connected to a primary side of a relief valve 31 inside the top cover 29. The relief valve 31 is provided with a ball 32 and a spring 33, and they are constructed in such that the ball 32 is allowed to press against and to be contact with an opening of the pressure leading path 28 by means of a force of a spring 33.

A cylinder chamber 35 is defined at the shaft center position of the top cover 23 of the oil cylinder 23, and the cylinder chamber 35 is communicated with a secondary side of the relief valve 31. In other words, the cylinder chamber communicates with a spring chamber 34 wherein the spring 33 is disposed. In the cylinder chamber 35, a piston 36 is placed, and a rod 37 is coupled on the piston 36. The rod 37 passes through the shaft center portion of the rotor 12 of the air motor 11, and the rod extends to the rear end portion thereof. As shown in FIG. 2, the rear end portion abuts upon a ball valve 38. The ball valve 38 presses and energizes a ball 40 together with the rod 37 towards the extreme end side. The ball valve 38 is opened at the time when the ball is forcibly moved against a force of the spring 39, whereby air is supplied to an automatic shutoff mechanism 41, so that the automatic shutoff mechanism 41 is operated.

The above described relief valve 31 will be described in more detail. As shown in FIG. 3, the relief valve 31 has a structure wherein a primary port 42, the ball 32, and the spring 33 are juxtaposed to each other in the top cover 29 along the diametrical direction thereof in which the spring 33 is pressed against the primary port 42 by means of a plug 43. The plug 43 functions as a means for regulating relief pressure, and which is screwed with the top cover 29 in a manner capable of advancing and retreating in the diametrical direction thereof, so that it can be operated from the outside of the top cover 29 in the diametrical direction thereof. In other words, it is arranged in such that the plug 43 is tightened by screwing the same thereby to increase a spring force of the spring 33, so that a relief pressure of the relief valve 31 can be increased, while the plug 43 is loosened to decrease a spring force of the spring 33, so that a relief pressure of the relief valve 31 can be reduced. An operating hole 44 is defined on the main body casing 10 at the corresponding position thereof so as to be capable of operating the plug 43 from outside the main body casing 10. Reference numeral 45 designates a stopper for closing the operating hole 44 in the case when the plug 43 is not operated.

Next, an operating condition of the above described hydraulic pulse wrench will be described. First, when the air motor 11 rotates as a result of operating a control lever, the cylinder casing 21 rotates also, whereby a clamping torque generates in every rotations of the cylinder casing 21, so that members to be clamped such as bolts, and nuts are clamped. With progress of clamping, the peak pressure produced in the high pressure chamber H increases, and the peak pressure in the pressure leading path 28 increases simultaneously. As a result, when the peak pressure exceeds a predetermined value of pressure, the relief valve 31 is opened against a force of the spring 33, so that the piston 36 in the cylinder chamber 35 is forcibly moved with a hydraulic operating fluid which has been relieved in the spring chamber 34. Thus, transfer of the rod 37, opening of the ball valve 38, and operation of the automatic shutoff mechanism 41 are carried out in the order, and air supply to the air motor 11 is stopped by means of the operation of the automatic shutoff mechanism 41, so that clamping operation is automatically stopped. As described above, a clamping operation is automatically stopped in the above described hydraulic pulse wrench, when the peak pressure produced in the high pressure chamber H reached a predetermined value of pressure, so that it becomes possible to effect a clamping operation with a constant clamping torque.

In the hydraulic pulse wrench, a spring force of the spring 33 in the relief valve 33 may be adjusted for changing a setting value of clamping torque. More specifically, a screwed position of the plug 43 pressing the spring 33 is adjusted thereby adjusting a length of the sprang 33, and as a result, a relief pressure in the relief valve 31 may be allowed to change.

In the above described hydraulic pulse wrench, two characteristic properties of the peak pressure produced in the high pressure chamber H and a relief pressure are not adjusted as in a conventional hydraulic pulse wrench, but it is sufficient to adjust only a relief pressure in the relief valve 31. Accordingly, it becomes possible to control a clamping torque with high precision in a simple structure in the hydraulic pulse wrench of the present invention.

Although an embodiment of a clamping control unit for hydraulic pulse wrench according to the present invention has been described hereinbefore, the clamping control unit for hydraulic pulse wrench according to the present invention is not limited to the above described embodiment, but a variety of modifications may be applied. For example, while in the above description, the automatic shutoff mechanism 41 has been operated by an operation of the relief valve 31 by way of the piston 36, the rod 27 and the like, any of other well-known manners may be substituted therefore.


Anspruch[en]
  1. In a hydraulic pulse wrench which is provided with a clamping torque generating mechanism (20) driven by an air motor (11), the clamping torque generating mechanism (20) being provided with a cylinder casing (21) and a main shaft (22), either of the cylinder casing (21) and the main shaft (22) being rotatively driven by the air motor (11), while the rest of either of the cylinder casing (21) and the main shaft (22) being constructed so as to engage with a member to be clamped, an oil cylinder (23) disposed in the cylinder casing (21) being filled with a hydraulic operating fluid, at the same time, a blade (25) being mounted to the main shaft (22), whereby the blade (25) is disposed relatively rotatable inside the oil cylinder (23), and a high pressure chamber (H) for containing the hydraulic operating fluid being formed at a specific position in the rotating direction of the oil cylinder (23) and the blade (25) on either side of the blade, while a low pressure chamber (L) having a lower pressure than that of the high pressure chamber being formed on the opposite side of the blade, whereby a clamping torque is applied to the member to be clamped; a clamping control unit for the hydraulic pulse wrench comprising: a bypass passage (27) for communicating the high pressure chamber (H) with the low pressure chamber (L) being formed, a pressure leading path (28) being branched halfway through the bypass passage (27), a fixed aperture diaphragm (27a) being disposed at a position located on a nearer side to the high pressure chamber (H) than that of a branched section of the pressure leading path (28) in the bypass passage (27), the pressure leading path (28) being connected to a primary side of a relief valve (31), while an automatic shutoff mechanism (41) operated by means of a hydraulic operating fluid which has been relieved being disposed on the secondary side of the relief valve (31) wherein it is constructed in such that sir supply to the air motor (11) is stopped as a result of operating the automatic shutoff mechanism (41), and a relief pressure regulating means (43) for regulating a relief pressure in the relief valve (31) being further disposed.
  2. A clamping control unit for hydraulic pulse wrench as claimed in claim 1, wherein a fixed aperture diaphragm (27b) is disposed also at a position located on a nearer side to the low pressure chamber (L) than that of the branched section of the pressure leading path (28) in the bypass passage (27).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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