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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0932480 15.02.2001
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0932480
Titel VORRICHTUNG ZUR MONTIERUNG EINER BOHRMASCHINE AN EIN ROHR
Anmelder Turner, Gordon Henry, Yateley, Hants, GB
Erfinder Turner, Gordon Henry, Yateley, Hants, GB
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69703892
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 14.10.1997
EP-Aktenzeichen 979450103
WO-Anmeldetag 14.10.1997
PCT-Aktenzeichen GB9702824
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 9816353
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 23.04.1998
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 04.08.1999
EP date of grant 10.01.2001
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 15.02.2001
IPC-Hauptklasse B25H 1/00

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention is directed to an apparatus for mounting a drill on a pipe as defined in the preamble of claim 1. Use of an apparatus to enable a drill to be held in a steady position whilst boring a hole into a pipe is considered advantageous. The use of such apparatus will enable a secondary branch pipe to be fitted and welded directly into the main pipe which has been bored. Such apparatus for holding a drill steady during a boring operation is of particular assistance when fitting a secondary pipe in situ.

It is known to provide a system for holding a drill steadily to a pipe to be bored by using magnetic attraction. Such systems would generally include an electromagnetic member which, when energised, will hold a drill stand rigidly to a metallic pipe so that a drill mounted on the stand may bore a hole in a defined position on the pipe.

In certain circumstances, however, the use of such magnetically mounted systems is problematical. In environments which are particularly sensitive to electrical or magnetic fields, such as radar installations or computer factories, this type of equipment cannot be used. Alternatively there may be situations in which the pipe to be bored comprises a non-magnetic material such as stainless steel, brass or clay.

Additionally, in the event of using a magnetically mounted drill for boring into a pipe, a separate safety chain is necessarily used because in the event of a power failure to the electromagnetic clamp, care needs to be taken to ensure that the entire apparatus does not fall and injure operators who may be standing underneath.

US-A-4094612 (nearest state of the art) discloses an arrangement for fixing a drill stand in position whilst drilling into a pipe. The drill stand is magnetically mounted onto a ferromagnetic plate. The plate is secured to the pipe by a chain-whip clamping arrangement. The drill may only move in a direction radially toward or away from the pipe and still suffers the disadvantages associated with magnetic mounting - such as not being able to withstand large forces without becoming dislodged from the plate.

The aforementioned known types of mounting arrangement also tend to be relatively inflexible in their use. Once they are mounted on the pipe to be bored, relative movement between the drill its mount and the pipe is not possible. Thus a very high degree of alignment between the drill and pipe must be obtained before firmly clamping the system in place. This tends to create an inflexible arrangement.

It is thus an object of the present invention to at least alleviate the aforementioned shortcomings.

This object is achieved by the features of claim 1.

By allowing the drill press stand to be adjusted relative to the platform, a more flexible arrangement is provided than has more hitherto been the case.

Preferably a means for clamping the platform on a pipe to be drilled comprises a backplate shaped to fit against the pipe, and means for attaching the platform to the backplate, with the pipe sandwiched therebetween. This arrangement is of particular benefit when being used in an environment such as sprinkler systems and high pressure pipe work which tends to be found on condensers in large ships. Because this type of pipe work has its own characteristics, the use of a backplate to sandwich the pipe between the backplate and the platform enables a rigid and solid clamping arrangement to be provided.

Alternatively, the means for clamping the platform on a pipe to be drilled may comprise a member, extendible from one portion of the platform to another portion of the platform and releasably connectable to both portions thereof, which member passes at least partway around the outer periphery of the pipe, thereby clamping the platform on the pipe. This form of mounting arrangement provides for a quick and easy clamping of the platform to the pipe. Preferably the surface of the platform may be arranged about a pipe to be drilled and is shaped to form a V-groove. This enables accurate alignment between the platform and the pipe. Alternatively the one and/or the other portions of the platform include means for adjusting the tension in the member this allows accurate control of the pressure applied to clamp the apparatus to the pipe, thereby ensuring no damage to the pipe occurs. Preferably the means for adjusting the tension comprises a screw-threaded detent. Preferably the member comprises a chain.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the means for mounting the drill press stand on the platform comprises a pillar housing for receiving the pillar of the drill press stand. In this manner a drill press stand for carrying a drill may be readily mounted to the apparatus.

Advantageously the drill press stand may be mounted by bolts extending through elongate holes in the platform to allow the drill press stand to be slidably adjusted relative to the platform. This enables accurate alignment between the drill and that part of the pipe to be drilled.

The present invention will now be described, by way of example only, and with reference to the accompanying drawings in which

  • Figure 1 illustrates a perspective view of a backplate for use with a first embodiment of the present invention;
  • Figure 2 shows a perspective view of a base member of a platform in accordance with this first embodiment of the present invention;
  • Figure 3 shows a perspective view of a frame for use with the base member of Figure 2;
  • Figure 4 shows a perspective view of the entire apparatus in accordance with the first aspect of the present invention including a drill press stand and drill operating on a pipe;
  • Figure 5 shows a perspective view from above of an apparatus in accordance with a second aspect of the present invention;
  • Figure 6 shows an end view of the apparatus of Figure 5, and;
  • Figure 7 shows a view from above of the embodiment of Figure 5 but without the drill and the drill press stand.

Referring firstly to Figures 1 to 4 which illustrate a first embodiment of the present invention, and particularly Figure 1, it can be seen that a backplate 1 is arranged to fit around a pipe 7. The backplate 1 is formed to have side flanges 2 which provide extra strength for the backplate 1. The backplate 1 is fitted around a pipe 7 and, in this example, there is little clearance between the pipe 7 and an adjacent wall or other surface 5. The backplate 1 has formed therein a hole which accepts a threaded screw 3. By adjusting the protrusion of the threaded screw 3 from the backplate 1, the backplate 1 may be held in contact with the pipe 7 due to the head of the screw 3 contacting the wall 5. This provides advantage in that it holds the backplate 1 steady until such times as the remainder of the apparatus may be brought into contact therewith and the pipe 7 clamped therebetween.

The backplate 1 has formed therein a plurality of holes through which may pass bolts 11. The bolts 11 are rigidly held in position in the backplate 1 by way of locking nuts 13. Although not shown in the drawing, there are provided four bolts 11 and eight locking nuts 13.

Figures 2 and 3 show respectively a base member 9a and frame 25 which are coupled together to form a platform 9.

Referring now also to Figure 2 it can be seen that a base member 9a of a platform 9, formed of metal includes four holes 15 bored therein, through which the bolts 11 may pass. In this manner therefore the platform 9 may be coupled to the backplate 1 in order to sandwich the pipe 7 therebetween. The platform is held on the bolts 11 by way of tightening nuts 17.

It can be seen from Figure 2 that the base member 9a includes flanges 10, 19 which are folded to provide extra strength to the platform 9. Furthermore steel angle pieces 20 and 21 provide yet more strength to prevent any tendency for platform 9 to be bent if the nuts 17 are overtightened. It will be seen that a hatched line 23 indicates the centre line of the pipe 7 when clamped between the backplate 1 and platform 9.

It will be apparent that the platform 9 only contacts the pipe 7 at each end where the angled pieces 20 and 21 are fitted. This prevents any possibility of the platform 9 contacting any uneven surfaces on the pipe 7 which could cause a platform 9 to rock along the centre line 23 of the pipe 7. The end flanges 10 of platform 9 are folded before the steel angle pieces 20 and 21 are fitted. It will thus be appreciated that in the embodiment shown with reference to figures 1 and 2 that the means for clamping the platform 9 to the pipe 7 comprises the backplate 1 and the arrangement of the bolts 11 and nuts 13 and 17.

Referring now also to Figure 3 it will be seen that a frame 25 is arranged to be mounted on the base member 9a by way of mounting holes 33 formed in the base member 9a and corresponding mounting holes 33 formed in the frame 25. Although not shown in the drawings it will be understood that bolts pass through the holes 33 in order to rigidly clamp (via nuts) the frame 25 to the base member 9a to form the platform 9.

The frame 25 has formed therein a plurality of elongate holes 35. Through each of these holes passes a coach bolt 39, which coach bolts themselves mount into corresponding bolt holes 41 formed in a means for mounting a drill press stand, here casting 37 which can be seen from Figure 4.

By selectively tightening or slackening the tension between each coach bolt 39 and the bolt hole 41, the casting 37 may be allowed to slide laterally from left to right as looking at Figure 4 until such times as the tension is reapplied to rigidly clamp the casting 37 to the frame 25. Such adjustment is desirable in order to allow the accurate alignment of the drill to be used with the pipe 7, as will be described herebelow.

Referring now particularly to Figure 4 it can be seen that the casting 37 has mounted therein a pillar 49 of a drill press stand 47. Drill press stands are known in the art and so will not be described in detail herein. Mounted on the drill press stand is a drill 51 including a chuck 55 and a borer 53 mounted in the chuck 55. It will be understood that by rotation of the drill press stand handle 45 the drill 51 may be advanced towards or away from the pipe 7. In this way therefore the borer 53 may be brought selectively into contact with the pipe 7.

The longitudinal relationship between the borer 53 and the platform 9 (which is rigidly clamped to the pipe 7 in Figure 4) may be adjusted according to the discussion above with reference to Figure 3. Particularly, therefore, by slackening the coach bolts 39 the longitudinal travel of the casting 37 via elongate holes 35 may be undertaken. This permits the longitudinal location of the borer 53 from the platform 9 along the centre line 23 to be selected by a user of the apparatus. This method of adjustment is also to allow the position of the hole being drilled to be situated as close to the platform 9 as possible. This is desirable so that the clamping force of the four bolts 11 is as near to the pressure point of the borer 53 as is possible. In Figure 4 only two bolt holes 41, three holes 33 and a small part of backplate 1 are visible. A distance piece 59 and nut 17 are shown in exploded view. When not in use the whole assembly 45, 47, 49, 51, 53 and 55 may be removed from the casting 37 by slackening release screws 57 in the casting 37. Additionally bushes (not shown) may be supplied to suit different pillar sizes for different types of drill press stand.

Referring now to Figures 5,6 and 7, wherein corresponding components are similarly numbered to those above, it can be seen that on an alternative embodiment of the present invention is illustrated.

It can be seen from these figures that the platform 9 no longer couples to a separate backplate. Instead the means for clamping the platform 9 to a pipe 7 to be drilled comprises a member extendible from one portion of the platform to another portion of the platform. In this embodiment the member comprises a chain 100 formed from a plurality of metallic links which extends from one side of the platform 102 to another side of the platform 104. It can be seen that the platform 9 includes a V-shaped flange member 106 which is equivalent to the base member 9a, and a U-shaped member 25' which is equivalent to the frame member 25 of Figure 3. In this example, the U-shaped member 25' is formed integrally with the member 106 although they may be formed as separate members subsequently welded together if desired. Each side portion 102, 104 of the platform 9 carries a turret 108. Within each turret 108 is housed a screw threaded member which may be rotated manually by rotatable knobs 110, 112. Rotation of the knobs 110, 112 causes the screw thread to rotate and thereby selectively move up or down (as viewing Figure 6) a detent, in this example a metal hook 114. Each end of the chain 100 may be placed over the end of each hook 114 and thereby the tension in the chain may be adjusted for clamping the pipe 7 by the tension in the chain on either side of the V groove 106 (the portion 102 and portion 104). It will be apparent that only one of the hooks 114 needs to be attached to a screw thread member adjustable by its respective knob 110 or 112. It is advantageous that both turrets 108 include an adjustable screw thread member, but this is not imperative.

When the drilling operation has been finished and it is desired to remove the platform 9 from the pipe 7 then this is simply a matter of the user rotating either of the knobs 110, 112 until the tension in the chain 100 has slackened off sufficiently for the chain 100 to be removed from a hook 114.

Once again, in common with the previous embodiment, the platform 9 has formed therein a plurality of elongate holes 35. The casting 37 is allowed to travel longitudinally along the holes 35 by way of coach bolts 116 passing through the casting 37 and into the platform 9 in the same manner as with respect to the embodiment of Figures 1 to 4. In the embodiment of Figures 5 to 7, the coach bolts 116 may be adjustable by rotatable knobs 118 formed on the upper surface thereof. By rotating the knobs 118 the tension placed upon the casting 37 by the coach bolts 116 may be adjusted and in this manner therefore the casting 37 may travel along the elongate holes 35, as has been discussed hereabove.

The drill press stand 47 and associated drill 51 as shown in Figure 5 are the same as have been shown hereabove with reference to Figure 4 and so will not be discussed any further herein. Those skilled in the art will appreciate that the method of operation is the same as in the above embodiment.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Vorrichtung für das Montieren einer Bohrmaschine an einem Rohr, um das Rohr radial zu bohren, die aufweist:

       eine Plattform (9); eine Einrichtung (1, 11, 13, 17; 100, 114, 108, 110, 112) für das Festklemmen der Plattform (9) an einem zu bohrenden Rohr (7); und eine Einrichtung für das Montieren eines Säulenbohrmaschinenständers (47) auf der Plattform (9), dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Einrichtung für das Montieren des Säulenbohrmaschinenständers (47) auf der Plattform (9) eine Einrichtung (35, 39, 37; 35, 116, 37) für das Regulieren der Position des Säulenbohrmaschinenständers (47) relativ zur Plattform (9) in einer Richtung parallel zur Längsachse des zu bohrenden Rohres (7) aufweist.
  2. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, bei der die Einrichtung für das Festklemmen der Plattform (9) an einem zu bohrenden Rohr (7) aufweist: eine Montageplatte (2), die so geformt ist, daß sie an das Rohr (7) paßt; und eine Einrichtung (11, 13, 17) für das Befestigen der Plattform (9) an der Montageplatte (2), wobei das Rohr (7) sandwichartig dazwischen angeordnet wird.
  3. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, bei der die Einrichtung für das Festklemmen der Plattform (9) an einem zu bohrenden Rohr (7) ein Element (100) aufweist, das von einem Abschnitt (102) der Plattform (9) zu einem anderen Abschnitt (104) der Plattform (9) ausziehbar ist, und das lösbar mit beiden Abschnitten (102, 104) davon verbunden werden kann, wobei das Element (100) mindestens um einen Teilweg um den Außenumfang des Rohres (7) herum verläuft, wodurch die Plattform (9) am Rohr (7) festgeklemmt wird.
  4. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 3, bei der die Plattform (9) ein V-förmiges Element (106) umfaßt, das an ein zu bohrendes Rohr (7) anstößt.
  5. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 3 oder Anspruch 4, bei der ein und/oder der andere Abschnitt (102, 104) der Plattform (9) eine Einrichtung (100, 114, 108, 110, 112) für das Regulieren der Spannung im Element (100) umfaßt.
  6. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 5, bei der die Einrichtung für das Regulieren der Spannung eine mit Schraubengewinde versehene Arretierung aufweist.
  7. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, bei der die Einrichtung für das Montieren des Säulenbohrmaschinenständers (47) auf der Plattform (9) ein Säulengehäuse (37) für das Aufnehmen der Säule (49) des Säulenbohrmaschinenständers (47) aufweist.
  8. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, bei der der Säulenbohrmaschinenständer (47) mittels Schrauben (39, 116) montiert wird, die sich durch Langlöcher (35) in der Plattform (9) erstrecken, um zu gestatten, daß der Säulenbohrmaschinenständer (47) relativ zur Plattform (9) verschiebbar reguliert wird.
  9. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 3 bis 6, bei der das Element (100) eine Kette aufweist.
  10. In Verbindung einen Säulenbohrmaschinenständer (47) und eine Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche.
  11. System für das Bohren von Rohren, das aufweist: eine Bohrmaschine (51); einen Säulenbohrmaschinenständer (47) für die Bohrmaschine (51); und eine Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10.
Anspruch[en]
  1. Apparatus for mounting a drill on a pipe in order to drill the pipe radially, comprising:

       a platform (9), means (1, 11, 13, 17; 100, 114, 108, 110, 112) for clamping the platform (9) on a pipe (7) to be drilled, and means for mounting a drill press stand (47) on the platform (9), characterised in that the means for mounting the drill press stand (47) on the platrorm (9) comprises means (35, 39, 37; 35, 116, 37) for adjusting the position of the drill press stand (47) relative to the platform (9) in a direction parallel to the longitudinal axis of the pipe (7) to be drilled.
  2. Apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the means for clamping the platform (9) on a pipe (7) to be drilled comprises a backplate (2) shaped to fit against the pipe (7), and means (11, 13, 17) for attaching the platform (9) to the backplate (2), with the pipe (7) sandwiched therebetween.
  3. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the means for clamping the platform (9) on a pipe (7) to be drilled comprises a member (100) extendible from one portion (102) of the platform (9) to another portion (104) of the platform (9) and releasably connectable to both portions (102, 104) thereof, which member (100) passes at least part-way around the outer periphery of the pipe (7), thereby clamping the platform (9) on the pipe(7).
  4. Apparatus according to claim 3, wherein the platform (9) includes a V-shaped member (106) which abuts a pipe (7) to be drilled.
  5. Apparatus according to claim 3 or claim 4, wherein one and/or the other portions (102, 104) of the platform (9) include(s) means (100, 114, 108, 110, 112) for adjusting the tension in the member (100).
  6. Apparatus according to claim 5 wherein the means for adjusting the tension comprises a screw-threaded detent.
  7. Apparatus according to any one of the preceding claims wherein the means for mounting the drill press stand (47) on the platform (9) comprises a pillar housing (37) for receiving the pillar (49) of the drill press stand (47).
  8. Apparatus according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the drill press stand (47) is mounted by bolts (39, 116) extending through elongate holes (35) in the platform (9) to allow the drill press stand (47) to be slidably adjusted relative to the platform (9).
  9. Apparatus according to any one of claims 3 to 6 wherein the member (100) comprises a chain.
  10. In combination, a drill press stand (47) and an apparatus according to any one of the preceding claims.
  11. A system for drilling pipes comprising a drill (51), a press stand (47) for the drill (51), and an apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 10.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Appareil pour monter une perceuse sur un tuyau afin de percer le tuyau dans le sens radial, comprenant :

       une plate-forme (9), des moyens (1, 11, 13, 17; 100, 114, 108, 110, 112) pour serrer la plate-forme (9) sur un tuyau (7) à percer, et des moyens pour monter sur la plate-forme (9) un support (47) pour perceuse à colonne, caractérisé en ce que les moyens pour monter sur la plate-forme (9) le support (47) pour perceuse à colonne comprennent des moyens (35, 39, 37; 35, 116, 37) pour régler la position du support (47) pour perceuse à colonne par rapport à la plate-forme (9) dans une direction parallèle à l'axe longitudinal du tuyau (7) à percer.
  2. Appareil selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les moyens pour serrer la plate-forme (9) sur un tuyau (7) à percer comprennent une plaque de fond (2) dont la forme est conçue pour s'adapter sur le tuyau (7), et des moyens (11, 13, 17) pour fixer la plate-forme (9) sur la plaque de fond (2) avec le tuyau (7) pris en sandwich entre les deux.
  3. Appareil selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les moyens pour serrer la plate-forme (9) sur un tuyau (7) à percer comprennent un élément (100) pouvant être étiré d'une partie (102) de la plate-forme (9) à une autre partie (104) de la plate-forme (9) et pouvant être relié de manière détachable à ces deux parties (102, 104), lequel élément (100) passe au moins sur une partie de la périphérie externe du tuyau (7), serrant ainsi la plate-forme (9) sur le tuyau (7).
  4. Appareil selon la revendication 3, dans lequel la plate-forme (9) inclut un élément (106) en forme de V qui bute sur un tuyau (7) à percer.
  5. Appareil selon la revendication 3 ou la revendication 4, dans lequel l'une et/ou l'autre partie/s (102, 104) de la plate-forme (9) inclu(en)t des moyens (100, 114, 108, 110, 112) pour régler la tension dans l'élément (100).
  6. Appareil selon la revendication 5, dans lequel les moyens servant à régler la tension comprennent un élément d'arrêt à filet de vis.
  7. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les moyens pour monter sur la plate-forme (9) le support (47) pour perceuse à colonne comprennent un logement (37) pour colonne servant à recevoir la colonne (49) du support (47) pour perceuse à colonne.
  8. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le support (47) pour perceuse à colonne est monté au moyen de boulons (39, 116) s'étendant à travers des trous allongés (35) dans la plate-forme (9) de manière à permettre au support (47) pour perceuse à colonne d'être réglé par coulissement par rapport à la plate-forme (9).
  9. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications 3 à 6, dans lequel l'élément (100) comprend une chaîne.
  10. Combinaison d'un support (47) pour perceuse à colonne et d'un appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes.
  11. Système pour percer des tuyaux, comprenant une perceuse (51), un support (47) pour la perceuse (51) et un appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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