PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0671253 23.05.2001
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0671253
Titel Verfahren zur Herstellung von mit elastischem Material auf Silikonbasis beschichteten Rollen, Vorrichtung zur Durchführung dieses Verfahrens, und mit konzentrischen Schichten aus elastischem Material auf Silikonbasis beschichtete Rolle
Anmelder Syfal S.p.A., Sassuolo, Modena, IT
Erfinder Stefani, Franco, I-41049 Sassuolo, IT
Vertreter Dreiss, Fuhlendorf, Steimle & Becker, 70188 Stuttgart
DE-Aktenzeichen 69520704
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 01.03.1995
EP-Aktenzeichen 951029032
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 13.09.1995
EP date of grant 18.04.2001
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 23.05.2001
IPC-Hauptklasse B29C 70/70
IPC-Nebenklasse B29D 31/00   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a method for producing rollers covered with layers of elastic silicone-based material and to a machine and a supporting structure for carrying out the method.

Rollers made of silicone-based material have long been produced and used in printing by providing a matrix on their perimetric surface and by using the elasticity of their material to compensate for any microscopic bumps of the surfaces to which the print is to be applied.

Several other fields have long used rollers of various sizes which must have in common the characteristic of having an outer surface that is absolutely free from imperfections and is somewhat flexible to spontaneously adapt to the complementary surfaces with which they make contact; this is the case, for example, of rollers used as matrixes to decorate flat surfaces of products such as ceramic tiles.

Another field in which this type of roller is normally used is transport and conveyance in machines equipped with precision mechanics, such as photocopiers.

The above-mentioned decoration technique and precision in transport both require that the outer surfaces of the rollers on which the pattern to be printed is formed or on which the transported sheets rest, are smooth or indeed mirror-finished, so as to avoid any smudge or imperfection.

Accordingly, these rollers must have the smoothest possible lateral surface, with absolutely no imperfections and even mirror-finished and, as mentioned, substantially soft.

Said rollers are currently manufactured according to two basic methods: a first one consists in applying to a solid supporting cylinder strips of silicone rubber which are subsequently vulcanized; the surface thus obtained is then ground. A second process consists in pouring liquid degassed silicone into an openable cylindrical mold in which a support is placed; this is followed by a step for grinding the manufactured product.

However, both of the above described processes have drawbacks; in the first case it is impossible to obtain a surface that is sufficiently smooth, and mirror-finished; in addition said process requires onerous manual grinding operations during which the flexibility of the surface cannot drop below a certain value.

In the second case, only a single-layer covering can be obtained, and grinding is still necessary to eliminate the burr that forms in the points where the mold parts join.

Hence in both cases it is necessary to follow the actual covering step with the grinding step, and this entails a considerable waste of time and labor that negatively affects the production costs of the finished product.

Furthermore, the level of perfection that can be achieved with said grinding is still inadequate for the particular intended use of said rollers.

DE-A-26 37 683 discloses a method for manufacturing a finished polyamide tube (11) having a reinforcing layer (8) embedded therein. The method consists in taking a centrifugal ingot mold (1) having a cylindrical centrifugal cast tube (2) closeable with end covers (3,4), and inserting the perforated cylindrical reinforcing layer (8) concentrically inside the centrifugal cast tube (2). The centrifugal ingot mold (1) is rotated around its longitudinal axis, and heated molten reaction components are introduced centrally through one of the end covers, which as a result of the centrifugal force, pass through the openings of the perforated cylindrical reinforcing layer (8) and are transported to the inside wall of the centrifugal cast tube (2) to form the finished polyamide roller (11) having the reinforcing layer (8) embedded therein. The reinforcing layer (8) may be centrally positioned in the wall of the finished polyamide roller (11) (Fig. 2), or it may be arranged further towards the inside wall of the roller (11) (Fig. 3), or the inner wall of the reinforcing layer (8) may form the inside wall of the finished roller (11) (Figs. 4-5).

US-A-3 737 963 discloses winding ribbon 13 on a cylindrical mandrel 14 (Fig. 4) to form a rigid permeable tube which is subsequently withdrawn from the mandrel 14 and inserted into a centrifugal mold so as to define an annular gap between the inner surface of the mold and the outer surface of the rigid tube (column 4, lines 1-31). Subsequently, synthetic plastic material is introduced in flowable form into the interior of the permeable tube, the mold is rotated so the plastic material passes through the interstices of the tube to fill the annular gap and embed the rigid tube (column 4, lines 32-45).

The aim of the present invention is to provide a method for producing rollers covered with layers of elastic silicone-based material as well as a machine and a supporting structure for carrying out the method, which allow to obtain, in a fully automatic manner and without requiring grinding, printing rollers which have mirror-finished external surfaces in addition to a covering formed by multiple concentric layers that can be flexible according to the requirements.

In accordance with the present invention, there is provided:

  • a method for producing rollers covered with layers of elastic silicone-based material as defined in claim 1 ;
  • a machine for producing rollers covered with layers of elastic silicone-based material as defined in independent claim 3; and
  • a roller covered with multiple concentric layers of elastic silicone-based material as defined in independent claim 7.

Preferred embodiments of the present invention are defined in the dependent claims.

The particular characteristics and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the description of a preferred but not exclusive embodiment of a method for producing rollers covered with layers of elastic silicone-based material and of a machine and a supporting structure for applying the method, illustrated only by way of non-limitative example in the accompanying drawings, wherein:

  • figure 1 is a front view of a machine for producing rollers covered with layers of elastic silicone-based material;
  • figure 2 is a side view thereof;
  • figure 3 is a detail view of means for introducing elastic silicone-based material;
  • figure 4 is an enlarged-scale longitudinal sectional view of a roller obtained with said machine;
  • figure 5 is another longitudinal sectional view of a mold (or box-like support) inside which a supporting structure prepared to receive the covering is placed;
  • figure 6 is a perspective view of a roller, according to the invention and shown, for clarity, covered only partially by layers of elastic silicone-based material.

With reference to the above figures, the reference numeral 1 generally designates a machine for producing rollers 2 with a cylindrical body covered with layers 3 of elastic silicone-based material; the machine comprises a base frame 4 on which a mold, or support, 5 is mounted; the mold has a box-like cylindrical body, and a prepared cylindrical supporting structure 6 coverable with elastic material which can be placed axially and snugly in said mold so as to provide a perimetric seal.

The mold 5 has means 7 which are adapted to make it rotate about its own longitudinal axis, and slides 8 are mounted respectively and bilaterally on its sides, and are supported by said base frame 4; said slides 8 guide the sliding of means 9 for introducing elastic silicone-based material inside an internal cavity 26 of the supporting structure 6 through an adapted opening 24 which is formed in a side of said structure 6 which is closed with a corresponding endplate 10; elements 11 for removing each covered roller 2 from the mold 5 are mounted on the opposite side.

The mold 5 is provided with conventional means for heating the covering of a finished roller 2 by irradiation.

Each supporting structure 6, prior to its insertion in the mold 5, is prepared: in practice, respective flanges 12 are applied in a conventional manner to the ends of the perforated and coverable cylindrical body; each flange 12 has, on its outer surface, a series of adjacent grooves which, if viewed from the inside towards the outside of the supporting structure, are in sequence: the groove 12a for engagement of the layer of elastic silicone-based material; the groove 12b for accommodating a first annular sealing gasket and for collecting printing ink during the use of the roller 2; the groove 12c for collecting the printing ink during use of the roller; and the groove 12d for accommodating a second annular sealing gasket and for collecting the printing ink; at least one reference notch, not shown in the drawings, is furthermore provided on each flange 12 to provide correct positioning.

Said means 9 for introducing elastic silicone-based material inside the supporting structures 6 are constituted by a carriage 13 which is movable back and forth along said slides 8 and on which carriage it is possible to mount alternately, along a horizontal axis that lies coaxially to the supporting structure 6 and after interposing a supporting and retention bracket 14, either a syringe 15 which is pre-loaded with said elastic silicone-based material or, when the filling material is depleted, a tubular element 16, one end thereof can be connected to a conventional machine for producing elastic foamed material (not shown); the opposite end can be inserted in each supporting structure 6 mounted on the mold 5 by moving said carriage 13.

The elements 11 for removing a covered roller 2 are constituted by a bottom 17 which is mounted hermetically, before insertion in the mold 5, at the end of a prepared supporting structure 6 on the side that lies opposite to the one from which material is introduced in the supporting structure, and by a valve element 18 of the one-way type which is mounted on said mold 5 and is adapted to connect to the outside the interspace 19 that remains between the internal surface 5a of said mold and the outer surface of the peripheral wall 6a of a supporting structure 6 which is arranged therein; the elements 11 also include a port 20 through which it is possible to insert a nozzle 21 for injecting a pressurized fluid; said port 20 is formed in the head wall 25 of the mold 5.

With reference to figure 6, the reference numeral 2 generally designates a supporting structure 6 covered with multiple layers 2a, 2b of material, usually constituted by silicone in the outside layer 2a and by foams of the same material in the inside layer 2b; the cylindrical supporting structure 6 is affected by multiple through openings 30 and is internally hollow.

If the finished roller is used for printing, respective flanges 12 as said can be applied to the ends of said cylindrical body 6 in a conventional manner, for example with screws; the perimetric surfaces of said flanges are crossed by a series of only three parallel grooves 12b, 12c, and 12d in which the outer grooves 12d are adapted to snugly temporarily accommodate respective annular gaskets which are not shown in the drawings as they are of a conventional type, the adjacent grooves 12c act as channel for collecting the excess ink during use of the finished roller for printing patterns, and the grooves 12b form a collar for grip on the covering 3. When said covering is completed on the body 2, said annular gaskets are removed and the grooves 12d and 12c also act as ink collectors.

The method for producing rollers covered with layers of elastic silicone-based material and the operation of the machine for carrying out the method are as follows: each supporting structure 6 is prepared by applying the two flanges 12 to the ends of the cylindrical body of said supporting structure, which is affected by a plurality of holes 30, and by mounting the corresponding annular gaskets (O-rings) in the appropriate grooves, respectively 12b and 12d, of said flanges; then one of the ends of the supporting structure 6 is closed by applying the bottom 17 thereto, and the entire assembly is inserted in the mold 5 by means of the thrust of the endplate 10, completing the first step of the method for positioning the prepared supporting structure.

Then the syringe 15 is loaded with the elastic silicone-based material, and a dispenser plug 15a, crossed centrally by a passage channel, is applied to the outlet of said syringe; said syringe is fixed to the carriage 13 by means of the bracket 14 and then inserted in the supporting structure 6, which has been set turning at a rate that is appropriate for the type of material to be injected.

The plunger of the syringe 15 is locked in position in a conventional manner, and a command sent by a computer that controls the entire operation of the machine causes the carriage 13 to retract, expelling the material from the syringe; said material is distributed along a helical path inside the supporting structure 6, and the second step of the method is thus completed.

The empty syringe is removed from the bracket 14 and the tubular element 16 is mounted in its place.

At the same time, in a third step, the mold 5 is made to rotate very rapidly, and due to the centrifugal force, the elastic silicone-based material passes through the holes 30 of the peripheral wall surface 6a of the supporting structure 6 and distributes over the outer surface of said supporting structure, creating a uniform layer without air bubbles. The fourth step is completed by reducing the rotation rate of the mold 5 and by activating the set of resistors 22, polymerizing the layer of material thus formed.

By using the same technique used for forming the first layer 2a, the tubular element 16, which is connectable to a conventional machine that produces a foam of elastic silicone-based material more elastic than the previous composition, forms the additional underlayers 2b from the inside of the supporting structure 6; said underlayers 2b are therefor more yielding and elastic as they are constituted by foams and thus by materials with a high percentage of empty space, as expressly required for the use of the finished rollers 2.

When the various layers made of elastic silicone-based material or constituted by foams have been completed, the fifth step is performed; in this step, the finished roller 2 is removed from the mold 5 inside which it is firmly seated due to the adhesion between the contiguous walls, which are in mutual contact.

A liquid is forced, for example by means of a pneumatic cylinder 23, through the one-way valve element 18 in order to separate said walls; said liquid is arranged in a thin layer between said walls and fully separates them when the mold 5 is rotated at high speed for a given time.

An additional injector nozzle 21 injects pressurized air inside the mold 5 through the port 20, acting on the bottom 17 and pushing the finished roller 2 towards the outside of said mold; said roller is thus ready to be etched and used for printing, since its outer surface is smooth to the point of being mirror-finished and has a certain elastic rigidity and a substantially resilient substrate, also in an elastic manner in order to absorb, during use, any non-uniformities of the complementary surfaces with which it makes contact.

More than one outer layer and inner layer may be provided, according to the requirements, simply by repeating the steps for distribution and for rotating the supporting structure.

In practice it has been observed that the described invention achieves the intended aim and objects.

The invention thus conceived is susceptible of modifications and variations, all of which are within the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

All the details may furthermore be replaced with other technically equivalent elements.

In the practical embodiment of the invention, the materials used, as well as the shapes and dimensions, may be any according to the requirements without thereby abandoning the protective scope of the claims that follow.

Where technical features mentioned in any claim are followed by reference signs, those reference signs have been included for the sole purpose of increasing the intelligibility of the claims and accordingly such reference signs do not have any limiting effect on the interpretation of each element identified by way of example by such reference signs.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Verfahren zur Herstellung von mit Lagen (3) aus elastischen Material auf Silikonbasis beschichteten Rollen (2), welches umfasst:
    • einen ersten Schritt, bei dem eine vorbereitete zylindrische Stützstruktur (6), deren äußere Umfangsfläche (6a) perforiert und mit elastischem Material bedeckbar ist, auf einer sich mit variablen Geschwindigkeiten drehenden Vorrichtung (1) positioniert wird;
    • einen zweiten Schritt, bei dem ein elastisches, auf Silikon basierendes Material (3) im fluiden/semifluiden Zustand in einen inneren Hohlraum (26) der genannten Stützstruktur (6), welche um ihre eigene Achse gedreht wird, eingebracht wird;
    • einen dritten Schritt, bei dem die genannte Stützstruktar (6) für eine schnelle Drehung in Gang gesetzt wird, wodurch das Material (3) aufgrund der Zentrifugalkraft durch deren perforierte periphere Oberfläche aus dem inneren Hohlraum (26) der genannten Stützstruktur (6) zur äußeren Oberfläche übertritt um eine die äußere Oberfläche (6a) der Stützstruktur (6) umgebende Lage zu bilden;
    • einen vierten Schritt, bei dem die erhaltene Beschichtung durch Heizen bei einer geringen Drehrate der Stützstruktur (6) gehärtet/polymerisiert wird; und
    • einen fünften Schritt, bei dem der beschichtete Zylinder (2) aus der genannten Vorrichtung (1) entfernt wird;
    wobei die genannten zweiten, dritten und vierten Schritte in zyklischer Weise wiederholt werden um vielfache Materialschichten (2a, 2b) auf einer einzelnen Stützstruktur (6) zu liefern.
  2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1.

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das genannte elastische Material auf Silikonbasis während des genannten zweiten Schritts des Verfahrens und während der Drehung der genannten Stützstruktur (6) in die Stützstruktur (6) eingebracht wird, mit einer darauffolgenden Erzeugung einer helikalcn Verteilung des Materials auf einer inneren Oberfläche der Stützstruktur (6).
  3. Vorrichtung zur Herstellung von mit Lagen (3) aus elastischem Material auf Silikonbasis beschichteten Rollen (2), welche einen Grundrahmen (4), auf den eine schachtelartige zylindrische Gußform/Stütze (5) montiert ist, eine vorbereitete und beschichtbare zylindrische Stützstruktur (6), die koaxial und eng anliegend in die genannte Gußform (5) einfügbar ist um so den Umfang abzudichten, wobei die genannte Gußform (5) Mittel zum Rotieren (7) der genannte Stütztstruktur (6) um ihre Längsachse aufweist, auf den genannten Grundrahmen (4) und auf einer Seite der genannten Gußform (5) montierte Laufschienen (8) zur Führung des Gleitens von Mitteln (9, 13, 15) zum Einbringen von elastischem Material auf Silikonbasis in die genannte Stützstruktur (6) durch eine Öffnung (24), die in der genannten Seite gebildet und durch einen zugehörigen Boden (17) verschließbar ist, auf der gegenüberliegenden Seite montierte Elemente (11) zum Entfernen jeder beschichteten Rolle (2) aus der Gußform (5), an der genannten Gußform (5) angeordnete Mittel (22) zum Heizen/Polymerisieren der Beschichtung einer fertigen Rolle (2) umfasst, wobei alle:
    • genannten Mittel zum Rotieren (7) der genannten Stützstruktur (6);
    • genannten Mittel (9, 13, 15) zum Einbringen von elastischem Material auf Silikonbasis in die genannte Stützstruktur (6); und genannten Mittel (22) zum Heizen/Polymerisieren der Beschichtung einer fertigen Rolle (2); miteinander konfiguriert und in der Funktion angepasst sind, dass sie vielfache Materiallagen (2a, 2b) auf einer einzigen Stützstruktur (6) liefern.
  4. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 3,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die genannten Mittel (9, 13, 15) zum Einbringen von elastischem Material auf Silikonbasis in die genannte Stützstruktur einen Wagen (13) umfassen, der auf den genannten Laufschienen (8) rückwärts und vorwärts bewegbar ist und auf den es möglich ist, längs einer zur genannten Stützstruktur (6) koaxialen horizontalen Achse und nach Zwischensetzen einer Stütz- und Halteklammer (14), entweder eine Spritze (15), die mit dem genannten elastischen Material auf Silikonbasis vorbeladen ist, oder ein röhrenförmiges Element (16) wechselweise zu montieren, wobei deren eines Ende mit einer herkömmlichen Vorrichtung zum Erzeugen eines geschaumten elastischen Materials verbunden werden kann und deren gegenüberliegendes Ende in die genannte Stützstruktur (6) durch Bewegen des genannten Wagens (13) einfügbar ist.
  5. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 3,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die genanten Elemente (11) zum Entfernen einer fertigen Rolle einen Boden (17), der vor dem Einfügen in die Gußform (5) an ein Ende einer vorbereiteten Stützstruktur (6), welches dem Ende wo das Material in die genannte Stützstruktur (6) eingebracht wird gegenüberliegt, luftdicht montiert werden kann; ein Einwegventilelement (18), das auf die genannte Gußform montiert ist um einen zwischen einer inneren Oberfläche (5a) der genannten Gußform (5) und der äußeren Oberfläche (6a) der genannten darin mit Platz angeordneten Stützsiruktur gebildeten Zwischenraum (19) zu verbinden; und eine Öffnung (20) zum Einspritzen eines Druckfluids, wobei die genannte Öffnung (20) in einer stirnseitigen Wand (25) der Gußform (5) angeordnet ist, umfassen.
  6. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 3,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die genannten Mittel zum Heizen und Härten der Beschichtung (3) einer fertigen Rolle (2) einen Satz elektrischer Widerstände (22) umfassen, die oberhalb der genannten Gußform (5) oder in deren oberen Bereich montiert sind.
  7. Rolle, die mit vielfachen konzentrischen Lagen aus elastischem Material auf Silikonbasis beschichtet ist, wobei die genannte Rolle (2) eine hochglanzpolierte, flexible äußere Oberfläche aufweist und umfasst: eine zylindrische Stützstruktur (6), wobei die genannte zylindrische Stützstruktur (6) innen hohl ist um einen inneren Hohlraum (25) zu bilden und eine periphere Wand (6a) aufweist, die von einer Vielzahl von Durchtrittsöffnungen (30) perforiert ist, wobei die genannten Öffnungen (30) in Draufsicht verschieden verteilt und geformt sind, um den Durchtritt von in den inneren Hohlraum (25) eingebrachten elastischen Material auf Silikonbasis (3) von dem genannten Hohlraum auf die äußere Oberfläche der genanten peripheren Wand (6a) zu ermöglichen und damit in Eingriff zu bringen, wobei das genannte elastische Material von dem genannten inneren Hohlraum (25) zur genannten äußeren Oberfläche durch auf die genannte zylindrische Struktur (6) wirkende Zentrifugalkräfte übertritt und die genannte zylindrische Struktur (6) die vielfachen konzentrischen Lagen (2a, 2b) aus elastischem Material auf Silikonbasis stützt.
  8. Rolle nach Anspruch 7,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, das die genannte zylindrische Stützstruktur (6) eine perforierte periphere Oberfläche (6a), die mit elastischen Material beschichtet ist und jeweilige Flansche (12), die auf die Enden der genannten zylindrischen Struktur (6) in einer herkömmlichen Weise vor dem ersten Schritt zur Positionierung der genannten zylindrischen Strukrur (6) in der genannten Gußform/Stütze (5) der Vorrichtung aufgebracht werden, aufweist, wobei jeder Flansch (12) auf seiner äußeren Oberfläche eine Reihe von gegenseitig beabstandeten Rillen (12a-12d) aufweist, die von der Innenseite zur Außenseite der Stützstruktur in dieser Reihenfolge zum Greifen einer Lage aus elastischem Material auf Silikonbasis (3), zum Anpassen einer ersten ringförmigen Dichtung eines bekannten Typs, zum Sammeln der Drucktinte während der Verwendung der Rolle (2), und zum Anpassen einer zweiten ringförmigen Dichtung eines bekannten Typs vorgesehen sind, wobei wenigstens eine Referenzraste zum Positionieren auch angeordnet ist.
  9. Rolle nach Anspruch 7,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jeweilige ringförmige Flansche (12) auf die Enden der genannten zylindrischen Struktur (6) aufgebracht und durch herkömmliche lösbare Kopplungsmittel gesichert werden können, wobei jede Oberfläche des Umfangs der genannten Flansche (12) von einer Reihe von angrenzenden Rillen (12a-12d) perforiert ist.
  10. Rolle nach Anspruch 9,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die äußeren (12d) der genannten angrenzenden Rillen jeweilige ringförmige Dichtungen eines herkömmlichen Typs aufnehmen sollen, um den Umfang abzudichten, die mittleren Rillen (12c) während der Verwendung der Rolle (2) zum Drucken Tinte sammeln sollen, und die inneren Rillen (12a) einen Eingriffskragen für die elastische Materialbeschichtung (3) bilden.
  11. Rolle nach Anspruch 9,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die äußeren der genannten angrenzenden Rillen (12d) während der Verwendung beim Drucken Tinte sammeln sollen.
Anspruch[en]
  1. Method for producing rollers (2) covered with layers (3) of elastic silicone-based material, comprising:
    • a first step, in which a prepared cylindrical supporting structure (6), whose outer peripheral surface (6a) is perforated and coverable with elastic material, is positioned on a machine (1) that rotates at variable speeds;
    • a second step, in which elastic silicone-based material (3) in the fluid/semifluid state is introduced inside an internal cavity (26) of said supporting structure (6), which is made to rotate about its own axis;
    • a third step, in which said supporting structure (6) is activated so as to rotate rapidly, causing the material (3) to pass, by centrifugal force, from the internal cavity (26) of said supporting structure (6) to the outside surface through its perforated peripheral surface for forming a layer surrounding the outer surface (6a) of the supporting structure (6);
    • a fourth step, in which the obtained covering is cured/polymerized by heating at a low rotation rate of the supporting structure (6); and
    • a fifth step, in which the covered cylinder (2) is removed from said machine (1);
       said second, third, and fourth steps being repeated in a cyclic manner to provide multiple layers (2a.2b) of materials on a single supporting structure (6).
  2. Method according to claim 1, characterized in that said elastic silicone-based material is introduced in the supporting structure (6) during said second step of the method and during the rotation of said supporting structure (6), consequently producing a helical distribution of the material on an internal surface of the supporting structure (6).
  3. Machine for producing rollers (2) covered with layers (3) of elastic silicone-based material, comprising a base frame (4) on which a box-like cylindrical mold/support (5) is mounted, a prepared and coverable cylindrical supporting structure (6) being insertable coaxially and snugly in said mold (5) so as to provide a perimetric seal, said mold (5) having means for rotating (7) said supporting structure (6) about its own longitudinal axis, slides (8) being mounted on said base frame (4) and on one side of said mold (5) to guide the sliding of means (9,13,15) for introducing elastic silicone-based material inside the supporting structure (6) through an opening (24) which is formed in said side and is closeable by means of a corresponding bottom (17), elements (11) for removing each covered roller (2) from the mold (5) being mounted on the opposite side, means (22) for heating/polymerizing the covering of a finished roller (2) being provided at said mold (5), all of: said means for rotating (7) said supporting structure (6);
    • said means (9,13,15) for introducing elastic silicone-based material inside the supporting structure (6); and
    • said means (22) for heating/polymerizing the covering of a finished roller (2); being mutually configured and operationally adapted to provide multiple layers (2a,2b) of materials on a single supporting structure (6).
  4. Machine according to claim 3, characterized in that said means (9,13,15) for introducing elastic silicone-based material inside the supporting structure comprise a carriage (13) that is movable back and forth on said slides (8) and on which it is possible to alternately mount, along a horizontal axis which is coaxial to said supporting structure (6), and after interposing a supporting and retention bracket (14), either a syringe (15) which is pre-loaded with said elastic silicone-based material or a tubular element (16), one end of which can be connected to a conventional machine for producing foamed elastic material, an opposite end thereof being insertable in said supporting structure (6) by moving said carriage (13).
  5. Machine according to claim 3, characterized in that said elements (11) for removing a finished roller comprise a bottom (17) that can be mounted hermetically, prior to insertion in the mold (5), at an end of a prepared supporting structure (6) which lies opposite to the end where material is introduced in said supporting structure (6); a one-way valve element (18) which is mounted on said mold (5) to connect an interspace (19) formed between an internal surface (5a) of said mold (5) and the outer surface (6a) of said supporting structure (6) arranged therein with environment; and a port (20) for injecting a pressurized fluid, said port (20) being provided in a head wall (25) of the mold (5).
  6. Machine according to claim 3, characterized in that said means for heating and curing the covering (3) of a finished roller (2) comprise a set of electric resistors (22) which are mounted above said mold (5) or in upper area thereof.
  7. Roller covered with multiple concentric layers of elastic silicone-based material, said roller (2) having a mirror-finished flexible outer surface and comprising: a cylindrical supporting structure (6), said cylindrical structure (6) being internally hollow to form an internal cavity (25) and having a peripheral wall (6a) that is perforated by a plurality of through openings (30), said openings (30) being variously distributed and shaped in plan view, to allow passage of elastic silicone-based material (3) introduced in the internal cavity (25) from said cavity onto the outer surface of said peripheral wall (6a) and to provide engagement therewith, said elastic material being passed from said internal cavity (25) to said outer surface by centrifugal forces acting on said cylindrical structure (6), and said cylindrical structure (6) supporting multiple concentric layers (2a,2b) of elastic silicone-based material.
  8. Roller according to claim 7, characterized in that said cylindrical supporting structure (6) has a perforated peripheral surface (6a) that is covered by elastic material, respective flanges (12) being applied to ends of said cylindrical structure (6) in a conventional manner prior to the first step for positioning said cylindrical structure (6) inside said mold/support (5) of the machine, each flange (12) having, on its outer surface, a series of mutually adjacent grooves (12a-12d) which, from the inside towards the outside of the supporting structure, are meant, in succession, for gripping a layer of elastic silicone-based material (3), for accommodating a first annular sealing gasket of a known type, for collecting printing ink during use of the roller (2), and for accommodating a second annular sealing gasket of a known type, at least one reference notch for said positioning being also provided.
  9. Roller according to claim 7, characterized in that respective annular flanges (12) can be applied to ends of said cylindrical structure (6) and secured by conventional detachable coupling means, each perimetric surface of said flanges (12) being perforated by a series of adjacent grooves (12a-12d).
  10. Roller according to claim 9, characterized in that the outer ones (12d) of said adjacent grooves are meant for receiving respective annular gaskets of a conventional type for providing a perimetric seal, middle grooves (12c) are meant for collecting ink during use of the roller (2) for printing, and inner grooves (12a) form an engagement collar for the elastic material covering (3).
  11. Roller according to claims 9, characterized in that the outer ones of said adjacent grooves (12d) are also meant for collecting ink during use in printing.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Procédé pour la fabrication de rouleaux (2) revêtus par des couches (3) de matériau élastique à base de silicone, comprenant :
    • une première étape, dans laquelle une structure porteuse cylindrique préparée (6), dont la surface périphérique extérieure (6a) est perforée et peut être recouverte d'un matériau élastique, est placée sur une machine (1) qui tourne à des vitesses variables ;
    • une deuxième étape, dans laquelle un matériau élastique à base de silicone (3) à l'état fluide/semi-fluide est introduit dans une cavité intérieure (26) de la dite structure porteuse. (6) qu'on fait tourner autour de son propre axe ;
    • une troisième étape, dans laquelle la dite structure porteuse (6) est activée de manière à tourner rapidement, ce qui fait passer le matériau (3), sous l'action de la force centrifuge, de la cavité intérieure (26) de la dite structure porteuse (6) à la surface extérieure à travers sa surface périphérique perforée, pour former une couche entourant la surface extérieure (6a) de la structure porteuse (6) ;
    • une quatrième étape, dans laquelle le revêtement obtenu est durci/polymérisé par chauffage, à une faible vitesse de rotation de la structure porteuse (6) ; et
    • une cinquième étape, dans laquelle le cylindre revêtu (2) est enlevé de la dite machine (1) ;
    • les dites deuxième, troisième et quatrième étapes étant répétées d'une manière cyclique, pour créer des couches multiples (2a, 2b) de matériaux sur une même structure porteuse (6).
  2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le dit matériau élastique à base de silicone est introduit dans la structure porteuse (6) pendant la dite deuxième étape du procédé et pendant la rotation de la dite structure porteuse (6), ce qui engendre donc une distribution hélicoïdale du matériau sur une surface interieure de la structure porteuse (6).
  3. Machine pour la fabrication de rouleaux (2) revêtus de couches (3) de matériau élastique à base de silicone, comprenant un socle (4) sur lequel est monté un moule/support cylindrique en forme de boîte (5), une structure porteuse cylindrique préparée et pouvant être revêtue (6) étant insérable coaxialement et à frottement doux dans le dit moule (5) de façon à créer une étanchéité périmétrique, le dit moule (5) ayant des moyens (7) de mise en rotation de la dite structure porteuse (6) autour de son propre axe longitudinal, des glissières (8) étant montées sur le dit socle (4) et sur un côté du dit moule (5) pour guider le coulissement de moyens (9,13,15) d'introduction d'un matériau élastique à base de silicone à l'intérieur de la structure porteuse (6) à travers une ouverture (24) qui est ménagée dans le dit côté et peut être fermée à l'aide d'un fond correspondant (17), des éléments (11) pour retirer chaque rouleau revêtu (2) du moule (5) étant montés sur le côté opposé, des moyens (22) de chauffage polymérisation du revêtement d'un rouleau fini (2) étant prévus à l'endroit du dit moule (5) ; la totalité :
    • des dits moyens (7) de mise en rotation de la dite structure porteuse (6) ;
    • des dits moyens (9, 13, 15) d'introduction du matériau élastique à base de silicone à l'intérieur de la structure porteuse (6) ; et
    • des dits moyens (22) de chauffage/polymérisation du revêtement d'un rouleau fini (2) ; étant mutuellement configurés et fonctionnellement prévus pour créer des couches multiples (2a, 2b) de matériaux sur une même structure porteuse (6).
  4. Machine selon la revendication 3, caractérisée en ce que les dits moyens (9, 13, 15) d'introduction d'un matériau élastique à base de silicone à l'intérieur de la structure porteuse comprennent un chariot (13) qui est déplaçable en va-et- vient sur les dites glissières (8) et sur lequel on peut monter au choix, le long d'un axe horizontal qui est coaxial à la dite structure porteuse (6) et après Interposition d'un élément de support et de retenue (14), soit une seringue (15) qui est préchargée avec le dit matériau élastique à base de silicone, soit un élément tubulaire (16) dont une extrémité peut être connectée à une machine usuelle de production d'un matériau élastique en mousse et dont l'extrémité opposée peut être insérée dans la dite structure porteuse (6) par déplacement du dit chariot (13).
  5. Machine selon la revendication 3, caractérisée en ce que les dits éléments (11) pour enlever un rouleau fini comprennent un fond (17) qui peut être monté de façon hermétique, avant insertion dans le moule (5), à une extrémité d'une structure porteuse préparée (6) qui se trouve à l'opposé de l'extrémité à laquelle le matériau est introduit dans la dite structure porteuse (6) ; un élément de clapet unidirectionnel (18) qui est monté sur le dit moule (5) pour connecter un intervalle (19), défini entre une surface intérieure (5a) du dit moule (5) et la surface extérieure (6a) de la dite structure porteuse (6) placée à l'intérieur, avec l'environnement ; et un orifice (20) d'Injection d'un fluide sous pression, le dit orifice (20) étant prévu dans une paroi de tête (25) du moule (5).
  6. Machine selon la revendication 3, caractérisée en ce que les dits moyens de chauffage et de durcissement du revêtement (3) d'un rouleau fini (2) comprennent un ensemble de résistances électriques (22) qui sont montées au-dessus du dit moule (5), ou dans sa région supérieure.
  7. Rouleau revêtu de couches concentriques multiples de matériau élastique à base de silicone, le dit rouleau (2) ayant une surface extérieure souple polie et comprenant : une structure porteuse cylindrique (6), la dite structure cylindrique (6) étant intérieurement creuse pour définir une cavité intérieure (25) et ayant une paroi périphérique (6a) qui est perforée par une pluralité de trous traversants (30), les dits trous (30) étant de forme et de répartition variables en vue en plan pour permettre le passage du matériau élastique à base de silicone (3), introduit dans la cavité intérieure (25), de la dite cavité à la surface extérieure de la dite paroi périphérique (6a) et en prise avec celle-ci, le dit matériau étant transféré de la dite cavité intérieure (25) à la dite surface extérieure par les forces centrifuges agissant sur la dite structure cylindrique (6), et la dite structure cylindrique (6) supportant des couches concentriques multiples (2a, 2b) de matériau élastique à base de silicone.
  8. Rouleau selon la revendication 7, caractérisé en ce que la dite structure porteuse cylindrique (6) présente une surface périphérique perforée (6a) qui est revêtue d'un matériau élastique, des collerettes respectives (12) étant appliquées aux extrémités de la dite structure cylindrique (6) d'une manière usuelle, avant la première étape, pour positionner la dite structure cylindrique (6) à l'intérieur du dit moule / support (5) de la machine, chaque collerette (12) ayant, sur sa surface extérieure, une série de rainures mutuellement adjacentes (12a-12d) qui sont prévues, en succession, de l'intérieur vers l'extérieur de la structure porteuse, pour retenir une couche de matériau élastique à base de silicone (3), pour recevoir un premier joint d'étanchéité annulaire d'un type connu, pour collecter une encre d'impression pendant l'utilisation du rouleau (2), et pour recevoir un deuxième joint d'étanchéité annulaire d'un type connu, au moins une encoche de référence pour le dit positionnement étant également prévue.
  9. Rouleau selon la revendication 7, caractérisé en ce que des collerettes annulaires respectives (12) peuvent être appliquées aux extrémités de la dite structure cylindrique (6) et fixées par des moyens de couplage séparables usuels , chaque surface périmétrique des dites collerettes (12) étant entaillée par une série de rainures adjacentes (12a-12d).
  10. Rouleau selon la revendication 9, caractérisé en ce que les rainures extérieures (12d) des dites rainures adjacentes sont prévues pour recevoir des Joints annulaires respectifs d'un type connu afin de créer une étanchéité périmétrique, les rainures intermédiaires (12c) sont prévues pour collecter l'encre pendant l'utilisation du rouleau (2) pour impression, et les rainures intérieures (12a) forment un collier d'accrochage pour le revêtement de matériau élastique (3).
  11. Rouleau selon la revendication 9, caractérisé en ce que les rainures extérieures des dites rainures adjacentes (12d) sont également prévues pour collecter l'encre pendant l'utilisation en Impression.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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