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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0737638 20.09.2001
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0737638
Titel Verfahren und Vorrichtung zum Berechnen und Regeln der Dehnung einer laufenden Materialbahn
Anmelder Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AG, 69115 Heidelberg, DE
Erfinder Lam, Theodorus Hendrikus Louis M., 6657 AD Boven-Leeuwen, NL;
Buchmeijer, Theodoor Antonius, 5663 HH Geldrop, NL
DE-Aktenzeichen 69614433
Vertragsstaaten CH, DE, FR, GB, LI, NL
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 10.04.1996
EP-Aktenzeichen 962010054
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 16.10.1996
EP date of grant 16.08.2001
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 20.09.2001
IPC-Hauptklasse B65H 23/188
IPC-Nebenklasse B65H 77/00   

Beschreibung[en]

The invention relates to a method for calculating and regulating the elongation of a moving material web, in particular for application in a web tension regulating device disposed between a roll exchanger and a first printing unit of a printing press.

Document DE 22 56 882 discloses such a method of regulating the elongation of a moving material web which is unwound from a paper roll, thread through a web tension regulating device and fed into the first printing unit of the printing press. The web tension regulating device comprises a dancer roller which creates an upstream tension on the paper web and which is located upstream of a drive roller which creates a downstream tension on the paper web. The upstream tension and the upstream velocity of the paper web are measured by the use of two separate rollers and the measured values are used as input for a calculating unit. The downstream tension and the downstream velocity of the paper web are measured by the use of a separate roller and the measured values are used as input for the same calculating unit which subsequently calculates a regulation value by use of the afore-mentioned input values. The regulation value and an additional desired value of the web elongation are used as input for a regulating unit which subsequently regulates the rotational speed of the drive roller by means of regulating its drive motor.

Another method is known from WO-A-92/10419, in the case of which it is pointed out that this method is applied at a point between the printing rollers and the output rollers of a printing press.

The elongation of a material web which is subjected to certain processing operations must be kept essentially constant, in order to allow accurate positioning of the operations on the material web. For example, in multi-colour printing operation accurate positioning of the various printing units relative to the moving material web is essential for obtaining a uniform printing quality. It is known that the modulus of elasticity of a paper web on a stock roll is not constant, but changes, for example as the result of a varying moisture content. In the course of regulation of the material web to produce constant tension, as is also known in the art, with a changing modulus of elasticity the elongation ε will have to be adjusted in an inversely proportional manner, in order to keep the web tension σ constant (σ = E · ε).

The known method comprises measuring a length change from a reference length of the material web, which change is caused by an imposed increase or decrease in the web tension, and measuring the web tension before and after the change in the web tension. This change in tension is imposed by means of an acceleration or deceleration roller, which is disposed downstream of the printing cylinders (viewed in the direction of movement of the material web). The elongation is calculated from the measured data, the length change and the web tension, based on the assumption that there is a linear correlation between the web tension and the elongation. If necessary, the web tension is then adjusted in order to maintain the elongation at the desired value. It is also disclosed that, instead of an additional acceleration or deceleration roller, the supply rollers, printing rollers or output rollers can be used to achieve the web tension change. However, this is not a preferred option, on account of the moment of inertia of such rollers.

A disadvantage of this known method is that the measurement procedure followed disrupts the movement of the material web, because a change in the web tension is essential for performing the measurement, which change is achieved by accelerating or decelerating the material web. Such a disruption of the movement of the material web can result in a disruption of the subsequent processing operations, for example a printing process. This disadvantage is partially overcome by carrying out the acceleration or deceleration of the material web after it has been printed. However, this has the disadvantage that a deviation from the desired elongation cannot be established and corrected until after printing of the web.

Another disadvantage is that if the modulus of elasticity E of the moving material web changes, said modulus must be determined again in order to permit calculation of the elongation.

A further disadvantage of this known method of regulation is that it is not possible to watch the elongation continuously, because the measurements are made at different times, before and after an imposed change in the web tension respectively.

The object of the present invention is to provide a continuous method for calculating and regulating an essentially constant elongation of a moving material web wherein a disruption of the movement of the material web is avoided.

Another object of the invention is to design the regulating method in such a way that variations in the web tension are filtered out, so that they barely affect the regulating method.

The objects described above are achieved by the method of claim 1.

In the case of the method according to the invention, the unwound length per period of time or the speed per period of time is measured upstream and downstream of a drive roller. From these measured values the elongation can be calculated using the general formula: ε = (v2 - v1) / v1 or ε = (l2 - l1) /l1, where index 2 indicates the measuring position downstream of the drive roller and index 1 indicates the measured position upstream of the drive roller. This calculated value of the elongation is compared directly with the value of the desired elongation of the material web without measuring the web tension. Moreover, it is not essential to know the exact value of the modulus of elasticity in order to be able to carry out the regulation. The web tension can then be adjusted in order to correct the measured elongation to the desired value, if such a correction is necessary.

It has been found that the modulus of elasticity of a paper web from a stock roll often decreases while it is being unwound, i. e. the outer paper layers have a higher modulus of elasticity than the inner layers. In order to present such a material web to a processing operation with a constant elongation, the tension of the web will therefore have to be varied in a corresponding way. If the measured elongation of the material web is higher than the desired value, the web tension must be reduced. If the measured elongation is too low, the web tension must be increased.

In order to ensure that the regulating method according to the invention is not affected by rapid changes in the modulus of elasticity of the material web, the length change or speed change is measured for certain intervals, and an average elongation is calculated from this measurement for said intervals. The influence of rapid changes in the modulus of elasticity is filtered out in this way. However, if a great change is expected, for example after the stock roll has been exchanged, the interval for which the elongation is calculated is preferably shortened, in order to be able to anticipate the changing modulus of elasticity more quickly.

The web tension is corrected initially by adjusting the force exerted on the material web without changing the speed of the drive roller. To this end, the pressure is adjusted in a dancer cylinder which sets the force exerted on the material web by a dancer roller disposed downstream of the drive roller to filter out web tension variations.

Such a dancer roller is also advantageously held in a centre position by adjusting the speed of the drive roller.

The method according to the invention in fact comprises a double regulation: a first regulation of the web tension, based on the measured and desired elongation, and subsequently a regulation of the speed of the drive roller in order to produce the desired correction.

The regulating method according to the invention is used in a web tension regulating device placed upstream of a printing press. This means that correction of the elongation is possible by adjusting the web tension prior to the printing operation itself.

The invention also relates to a device for conveying a material web with an essentially constant elongation according to claim 5.

Such a device, also called the infeed, is used to make an accurate adjustment of the characteristics of a material web coming from a stock roll in a roll exchanger or the like, and subsequently to present said material web to following processing devices.

The means for adjusting the web tension are a dancer roller disposed between the drive roller and measuring device, and a dancer cylinder for correcting the force exerted on the material web by the dancer roller.

A regulating device for correcting the position of the dancer roller in the device according to the invention is also present, in order to prevent the dancer cylinder from filling up or emptying. This regulating device adjusts the speed of the drive roller.

The invention will now be explained with reference to the drawing, in which:

Fig. 1
is a diagrammatic illustration of a preferred embodiment of a device according to the invention; and
Fig. 2
is a graph of the elongation, web tension and modulus of elasticity as a function of time.

Fig. 1 shows the so-called infeed 1, which is disposed between a roll exchanger and a printing press (neither of which is shown). A material web 2 is passed from the roll exchanger over a drive roller 3 to the first printing station of a printing press, as indicated diagrammatically by arrows. A nip roller 4 ensures that the material web is pressed against the drive roller 3. Said drive roller 3 is provided with a motor 5, which is connected to regulator 6, which controls the speed of the motor 5 and consequently that of the drive roller 3. This speed control can be carried out on the basis of the current, voltage or frequency supplied to the motor. Disposed upstream and downstream of the drive roller 3 are recorders 7 and 8 which measure the speed of the material web 2 upstream and downstream of the drive roller 3. Said recorders 7, 8 pass on the measured values by way of lines 9 and 10 respectively to a computing and regulating unit 11 which calculates the elongation. The desired elongation, often a value determined by the user in practice, is stored in the regulating unit 11. A control signal for a transducer 12 is calculated by comparing the actual elongation and the desired elongation. The transducer 12 regulates the pressure in a dancer cylinder 13 of a dancer roller 14. The dancer roller 14 exerts a force on the material web 2, as a result of which the web tension is set. If the measured elongation is higher than the desired elongation, the pressure in the dancer cylinder 13 will be reduced, in order to lower the web tension, and vice versa. The dancer roller 14 is connected by means of an arm 15 to an eccentric 16. The dancer roller 14 is consequently movable through a certain angle, the position shown in the figure being a centre position. If the pressure in the cylinder 13 is changed in order to change the web tension of the material web 2, this takes the dancer roller 14 out of its centre position. This change of position of the dancer roller 14 is recorded by means of a measuring element 17 and passed on to regulating unit 18. In order to return the dancer roller 14 to its centre position, the current speed of the material web 2 measured with a press tachometer 19 and the measured position deviation are converted to a desired drive speed of the drive roller 3 while maintaining the web tension at a constant value. The calculated value of the drive speed is passed on to the motor 5 by way of the motor regulator 6.

With this system the elongation added to the material web 2 by the drive roller 3 is maintained at a constant value. This is illustrated further in Fig. 2, in which the curves of the elongation ε, the modulus of elasticity E and the web tension σ are plotted as a function of time t. The jumps in modulus of elasticity and the web tension σ indicate, for example, a change-over from one stock roll to another. This shows the virtually constant value of the elongation which is obtained by a continuous adjustment of the web tension to the changing modulus of elasticity.

By integrating the measurements made by the recorders over the measuring periods, higher frequencies of disruption in the web tension or modulus of elasticity are filtered out without adverse effects on the regulation. This means that the high frequency disruptions are filtered out, while the relatively slowly varying modulus of elasticity of the material web is followed accurately. In order to maintain the elongation of the material web at a constant value when there is a splice, the duration of the measuring periods can be shortened in the period around the splice.

Of course, it is also possible using the same dancer construction as that described above to measure the web tension difference over the drive roller by measuring the web tension simultaneously both upstream and downstream of the drive roller or measuring the couple on the motor of the drive roller. The modulus of elasticity can be determined continuously in this way. The desired web tension which must be imposed on the paper web by the dancer, combined with the desired (set) elongation, can be calculated from this value.

As shown further in Fig. 1, the device can also be provided with a switch, in order to permit regulation at constant web tension. In that case the recorders 7 and 8 and the computing and regulating unit are put out of action. Instead of the control signal based on the elongation, a control signal based on the desired web tension is passed on to the transducer, following which the regulation of the web tension by means of the dancer construction is carried out in the manner described above.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Verfahren zum Berechnen und Regeln der Dehnung einer laufenden Materialbahn (2) zum Einsatz in einer zwischen einem Rollenwechsler und einem ersten Druckwerk einer Druckmaschine angeordneten Vorrichtung (1) zum Regeln der Bahnspannung, das die folgenden Schritte umfasst:
    • Messen einer Längenveränderung oder einer Geschwindigkeitsänderung der Materialbahn (2) vor und nach einer Antriebswalze (3);
    • Berechnen der Dehnung der Materialbahn (2) anhand der gemessenen Änderung;
    • Berechnen eines Steuersignals durch Vergleichen der berechneten Dehnung der Materialbahn (2) mit einer gewünschten Dehnung;
    • Verwenden des berechneten Steuersignals für einen ersten Regelvorgang, in dessen Verlauf die Bahnspannung durch Einstellen des Drucks in einem Tänzerzylinder (13) korrigiert wird, der die von einer der Antriebswalze (3) nachgeordneten Tänzerwalze (14) auf die Materialbahn (2) ausgeübte Kraft ohne Veränderung der Geschwindigkeit der Antriebswalze (3) einstellt, um die Dehnung auf den gewünschten Wert einzustellen;
    • Messen der Positionsveränderung der Tänzerwalze (14); und
    • Verwenden der gemessenen Positionsveränderung der Tänzerwalze (14) für einen nachfolgenden Regelvorgang, in dessen Verlauf die Tänzerwalze (14) durch Regeln der Geschwindigkeit der Antriebswalze (3) in ihre mittlere Position zurückkehrt, um die Bahnspannung konstant zu halten.
  2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1,

    das ferner die Schritte kontinuierliches Messen der Längenveränderung oder der Geschwindigkeitsänderung für Zeitspannen und Berechnen einer durchschnittlichen Dehnung aus der Messung in den Zeitspannen umfasst.
  3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2,

    das ferner den Schritt Verkürzen der Zeitspannen für eine erwartete Dehnungsänderung umfasst.
  4. Verfahren nach den Ansprüchen 1-3,

    das ferner den Schritt Halten der Tänzerwalze (14) in einer mittleren Position durch Verstellen der Geschwindigkeit der Antriebswalze (3) umfasst.
  5. Vorrichtung zum Fördern einer Materialbahn mit im Wesentlichen konstanter Dehnung mit zwei Messvorrichtungen (7, 8) zum Messen einer Längenänderung oder einer Geschwindigkeitsänderung der laufenden Materialbahn (2), wobei die Vorrichtungen (7, 8) vor bzw. nach einer Antriebswalze (3) angeordnet sind, mit einer Rechner- und Regeleinheit (11) zum Berechnen der Dehnung der Materialbahn (2) und zum Ausgeben eines Steuersignals zum Einstellen der Bahnspannung der Materialbahn (2), um die Dehnung einzustellen, mit einer zwischen der Antriebswalze (3) und der nachgeordneten Messvorrichtung (8) angeordneten Tänzerwalze (14), und mit einem Tänzerzylinder (13) zur Korrektur der von der Tänzerwalze (14) auf die Materialbahn (2) ausgeübten Kraftdadurch gekennzeichnet,

    dass eine Regelvorrichtung (18) die Geschwindigkeit der Antriebswalze (3) verstellt, um die Position der Tänzerwalze (14) zu korrigieren.
  6. Druckvorrichtung, die eine Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 5 umfasst.
Anspruch[en]
  1. Method for calculating and regulating the elongation of a moving material web (2), for application in a web tension regulation device (1) disposed between a roll exchanger and a first printing unit of a printing press, comprising the steps of:
    • measuring a length change or speed change of the material web (2) upstream and downstream of a drive roller (3);
    • calculating the elongation of the material web (2) from the measured change;
    • calculating a control signal by comparing the calculated elongation of the material web (2) with a desired elongation;
    • using the calculated control signal for a first regulation in the course of which the web tension is corrected by adjusting the pressure in a dancer cylinder (13) which sets the force exerted on the material web (2) by a dancer roller (14) disposed downstream of the drive roller (3) without changing the speed of the drive roller (3) in order to set the elongation at the desired value;
    • measuring the change in position of the dancer roller (14); and
    • using the measured change in position of the dancer roller (14) for a subsequent regulation in the course of which the dancer roller (14) returns to its centre position by regulating the speed of the drive roller (3) in order to maintain the web tension at a constant value.
  2. Method according to claim 1,

    further comprising the steps of measuring the length change or speed change continuously for time intervals and calculating an average elongation from this measurement for said intervals.
  3. Method according to claim 1 or claim 2,

    further comprising the step of shortening the time intervals for an expected elongation change.
  4. Method according to claims 1 - 3,

    further comprising the step of holding the dancer roller (14) in a centre position by adjusting the speed of the drive roller (3).
  5. Device for conveying a material web with an essentially constant elongation, the device comprising two measuring devices (7, 8) for measuring a length change or speed change of the moving material web (2), which devices (7, 8) are disposed upstream and downstream of a drive roller (3) respectively, a computing and regulating unit (11) for calculating the elongation of the material web (2) and emitting a control signal for adjustment of the web tension of the material web (2), in order to set the elongation, a dancer roller (14) disposed between the drive roller (3) and the downstream measuring device (8), a dancer cylinder (13) for correcting the force exerted on the material web (2) by the dancer roller (14) characterized in that a regulating device (18) adjusts the speed of the drive roller (3), in order to correct the position of the dancer roller (14).
  6. Printing device provided with a device according to claim 5.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Procédé pour calculer et régler l'allongement d'une bande de matériau (2) en mouvement, pour une application dans un dispositif (1) de réglage de la tension de la bande, disposé entre un échangeur de rouleaux et une première unité d'impression d'une presse d'imprimerie, comprenant les étapes consistant :
    • à mesurer une modification de longueur ou une modification de vitesse de la bande de matériau (2) en amont et en aval d'un rouleau d'entraînement (3) ;
    • à calculer l'allongement de la bande de matériau (2), d'après la modification mesurée ;
    • à calculer un signal de commande en comparant l'allongement calculé de la bande de matériau (2), à l'allongement souhaité ;
    • à utiliser le signal de commande calculé pour un premier réglage au cours duquel la tension de la bande est corrigée en réglant la pression dans un cylindre compensateur (13) qui règle la force exercée sur la bande de matériau (2) par un rouleau compensateur (14) disposé en aval du rouleau d'entraînement (3), sans modifier la vitesse du rouleau d'entraînement (3), afin de régler l'allongement suivant la valeur souhaitée ;
    • à mesurer le changement de position du rouleau compensateur (14) ; et
    • à utiliser le changement de position mesuré du rouleau compensateur (14) pour un réglage suivant au cours duquel le rouleau compensateur (14) revient à sa position centrale en régulant la vitesse du rouleau d'entraînement (3), afin de maintenir la tension de la bande à une valeur constante.
  2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre les étapes consistant à mesurer en continu, pendant des intervalles de temps, la modification de longueur ou la modification de vitesse et à calculer un allongement moyen d'après cette mesure pendant lesdits intervalles.
  3. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 2, comprenant en outre l'étape consistant à raccourcir les intervalles de temps pour une modification d'allongement attendue.
  4. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, comprenant en outre l'étape consistant à maintenir le rouleau compensateur (14) dans une position centrale, en réglant la vitesse du rouleau d'entraînement (3).
  5. Dispositif pour transporter une bande de matériau ayant un allongement pratiquement constant, le dispositif comprenant deux dispositifs de mesure (7, 8) pour mesurer une modification de longueur ou une modification de vitesse de la bande de matériau (2) en mouvement, lesquels dispositifs (7, 8) sont disposés, respectivement, en amont et en aval d'un rouleau d'entraînement (3), une unité (11) de calcul et de réglage pour calculer l'allongement de la bande de matériau (2) et pour émettre un signal de commande pour régler la tension de la bande de matériau (2), afin de régler l'allongement, un rouleau compensateur (14) disposé entre le rouleau d'entraînement (3) et le dispositif de mesure (8) placé en aval, un cylindre compensateur (13) pour corriger la force exercée sur la bande de matériau (2) par le rouleau compensateur (14), caractérisé en ce qu'un dispositif de réglage (18) règle la vitesse du rouleau d'entraînement (3), afin de corriger la position du rouleau compensateur (14).
  6. Dispositif d'impression équipé d'un dispositif selon la revendication 5.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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