PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0703057 22.11.2001
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0703057
Titel Verfahren zum Blasformen von grossen Behältern durch Streckblasformen
Anmelder A.K. Technical Laboratory, Inc., Nagano, JP
Erfinder Koda, Hideaki, Ueda-shi, Nagano-ken, JP;
Nakajima, Hisashi, Hanishina-gun, Nagano-ken, JP;
Yamaguchi, Hisao, Komoro-shi, Nagano-ken, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69523249
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, IT, LI, NL, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 25.09.1995
EP-Aktenzeichen 951150549
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 27.03.1996
EP date of grant 17.10.2001
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 22.11.2001
IPC-Hauptklasse B29C 49/18
IPC-Nebenklasse B29C 49/16   

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a method of molding large containers having a thin-wall body from an injection-molded, thick-wall closed-end parison by the process of stretch blow molding.

2. Background Art

It is extremely difficult, because of the desired degree of orientation and other reasons, to mold a large container (for example, a 20-liter bottle) having a thin-wall body from an injection-molded, closed-end parison by direct stretch blow molding. A conventional method thus prepares a relatively large preform as an intermediate from the closed-end parison before finally forming a large container.

In actual procedures, when the thickness of the wall of the closed-end parison is remarkably greater than usual (= not greater than 4 mm), conventional air blowing tends to cause a non-uniform section in the preform. This tendency is especially observed in resins which do not have self-healing properties, which polyethylene terephthalate has. Stretch blow molding the preform having such a non-uniform section into a large container results in a significant un-uniformity of the wall thickness distribution of the resulting large container, which may cause critical damage in the molding or forming process.

Polyethylene terephthalate having a wall thickness of greater than 5 mm suffers from whitening, and injection molding a closed-end parison having the greater wall thickness is thus not suited to form a large container by the stretch blow molding. The conventional method thus requires a rather complicated process including the steps of: preparing a dual-structured, thick-wall closed-end parison by two-step injection molding; and stretch blow molding the thick-wall closed-end parison to a large container after temperature control.

The conventional method is thus not applicable to form a large container, for example, a 20-liter bottle, by the process of stretch blow molding, although it is possible to form a relatively large container from an injection-molded closed-end preform.

From TW-229 174 A a method and apparatus for forming a plastic container having an enhanced level of crystallinity for improved thermal stability are known. A preform is expanded by a pulse-blow process one or more times to form an intermediate article, which is finally expanded to the full container dimensions. The pulse-blow step is conducted at a relatively high-strain rate to maximize the formation of crystal nucleation sites, followed by deflation to relax the amorphous orientation. The final expansion step is conducted at a low-strain rate to minimize the amorphous orientation. The hereby produced container can be used as a refillable or hot-fill beverage container. Furthermore, a blow-mold and fluid supply apparatus is provided for alternatively supplying the high and low-strain rate inflations.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

One object of the present invention is thus to provide a method of preparing a preform having a uniform wall thickness distribution from a closed-end parison and easily forming a large container form the preform by the process of stretch blow molding as well as to provide an apparatus for the same.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a method of forming a large container by the process of stretch blow molding, which is not significantly different from the conventional method but only adopts a different way of air blowing.

The above and the other related objects are realized by a method including the steps of: preparing a preform from an injection-molded, thick-wall closed-end parison by repeatedly and intermittently applying an air blow pressure to the parison and releasing the air blow pressure therefrom, where the preform has a greater diameter and a thinner wall thickness than the closed-end parison; and stretch blow molding the preform to a thin-wall large container.

The closed-end parison is released from a mold immediately after a skin layer keeping a parison shape is formed on the surface of the closed-end parison having a high inner temperature. The closed-end parison is then molded to a preform with a preform mold heated to a predetermined temperature, while the surface temperature of the parison is increased by an internal heat of the parison. The preform kept at a stretch blow molding temperature is stretch blow molded in a blow mold to produce a large container.

According to the method of the present invention, part of the closed-end parison is expanded by application of an air blow pressure, which results in reducing the wall thickness and decreasing the internal heat of the expanded part. Release of the air blow pressure gets rid of the internal resistance and accordingly causes a contraction, which is less than the expansion but returns the wall thickness of the expanded part to an extent corresponding to the degree of contraction. The expanded and subsequently contracted part has less internal heat than that of the residual part. Thus next application of air blow pressure expands another part by a greater degree than that of the expanded and subsequently contracted part.

Repeated application of air blow pressures successively expands respective parts of the closed-end parison to finally expand the whole parison. This effectively prevents critical damage and significant deformation of the parison due to the partial expansion and gives a preform which is easily molded to a large container.

Repeated expansion and contraction of respective parts of the parison through the intermittent application and release of air blow pressures easily gives a preform, even when material applied is a resin which does not have self-healing properties, which polyethylene terephthalate has. The preform is then blown to a large container having a uniform wall thickness distribution.

These and other objects, features, aspects, and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description of the preferred embodiment with the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • Fig. 1 is a partially cross-sectional, front view illustrating a molding device in the open state, which is applicable to stretch blow molding of a large container according to the method of the present invention;
  • Fig. 2 is a plan view illustrating an essential part of the molding device, where a preform mold is inserted between halves of blow mold;
  • Fig. 3 is a plan view illustrating the essential part of the molding device, where the halves of blow mold are closed while inserting the preform mold;
  • Fig. 4 is a vertical cross sectional view schematically illustrating a process or molding a preform;
  • Fig. 5 is a vertical cross sectional view schematically illustrating the blow mold after the preform mold is removed; and
  • Fig. 6 is a vertical cross sectional view schematically illustrating a process of molding a large container with the blow mold.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

Figs. 1 through 6 illustrate an embodiment of molding device applicable to stretch blow molding of a large container according to the method of the present invention. A blow mold 1 includes mold halves 12, 12 attached to inside of freely movable clamping plates 11, 11 and a vertically movable bottom mold 13. The mold halves 12, 12 have mating surfaces to conform to the shape of a cavity 14 of a resulting large container. The mold halves 12, 12 are combined to form, on their upper end, a receptacle 19 for a lip die 3. A support rod 15 for a preform (described later) is projected from the center of the bottom mold 13 in such a manner as to allow vertical movement for protrusion and withdrawal. The support rod 15 is held by a spring member 18 incorporated in a plunger 17 of an elevating mechanism 16 as shown in Figs. 4 through 6.

A closed-end parison 2 prepared by the process of injection molding is shifted to be positioned above the blow mold 1 while a neck of the closed-end parison 2 is held by the lip die 3. The closed-end parison 2 is lifted down with a transfer plate 4 to be placed on the center of the mold halves 12, 12 in the open state. A blow core 5 and a stretch rod 6 run through the lip die 3 and the transfer plate 4 received in the receptacle 19 on the upper end of the blow mold 1 in the closed state and are inserted downward into the closed-end parison 2 as illustrated in Fig. 4.

A preform mold 7 used for molding the closed-end parison 2 into a preform is attached to a movable board 81 of a horizontally reciprocating unit 8 placed on a base on the side of the blow mold 1. The movable plate 81 is disposed upright on a front end of a movable bottom plate 83, which is guided by a guide rail on a table 82 for advance and retreat. The movable plate 81 is linked with an end of a movable rod 86 of a hydraulic driving unit 85 via a member 84 on the movable bottom plate 83. Support shafts 87, 87 are horizontally extended over upper and lower ends of front surface. A pair of upright support plates 88, 88 are attached to both ends of the support shafts 87 to allow a pivotal movement about a base end, and continuously pressed outward by a spring member 89 spanned across the support plates 88, 88 and in the vicinity of the support shafts 87.

Frames 90, 90 are further arranged inside the pair of support plates 88, 88. Mold halves 71, 71 of the preform mold 7 are fitted in the frames 90, 90, where a pair of thermal insulating boards 91, 91 are positioned between the mold halves 71, 71 and the pair of support plates 88, 88.

The mold halves 71, 71 have mating surfaces to conform to the shape of a cavity 72. The mold halves 71, 71 are combined to form, an their upper end, a receptacle 73 for receiving the lip die 3, where the receptacle 73 is placed at the same height as the receptacle 19 of the blow mold 1. An aperture 74, in which the support rod 15 is inserted and fitted, is formed on the bottom center of the mold halves 71, 71.

As shown in Fig. 2, the mold halves 71, 71 of the preform mold 7 in the open state are moved horizontally with the pair of support plates 88, 88 and inserted between the mold halves 12, 12 of the blow mold 1 in the open state. The mold halves 71, 71 of the preform mold 7 are pressed inward against the force of the spring member 89 and closed by taking advantage of the force applied to close the blow mold 1 and transmitted to press the support plates 88, 88 inward. The mating surface of the mold halves 71, 71 accordingly form the shape of the cavity 72 of a preform 10.

Release of the closing force by opening the blow mold 1 allows the mold halves 71, 71 of the preform mold 7 to be automatically opened by means of the spring member 89 and to be movable, in the open state, outside the blow mold 1 by the reciprocating unit 8.

A typical process of stretch blow molding a large container with the molding device thus constructed is described hereinafter.

A closed-end parison 2 having a wall portion to be stretched of approximately 10 mm in thickness and a shorter length than a final large container is prepared by injection molding a polycarbonate. The closed-end parison 2 under the high-temperature condition is released from an injection mold and a core mold (not shown) while a neck of the parison 2 is held by the lip die 3. Immediately after the release, the closed-end parison 2 is shifted with the lip die 3 by means of the transfer plate 4 to be positioned above the blow mold 1 in the open state.

After completion of the shift, the preform mold 7 heated to 140° to 150°C is horizontally advanced with the pair of support plates 88, 88 and inserted between the mold halves 12, 12 of the blow mold 1 (see Fig. 2).

The closed-end parison 2 is lifted down with the lip die 3 and the transfer plate 4 to be positioned between the mold halves 12, 12. The blow mold 1 is temporarily closed, so that the preform mold 7 is closed and pressed via the mold halves 12, 12 of the blow mold 1 as illustrated in Fig. 3. The closing force allows the support rod 15 projected from the bottom mold 13 to be fitted and received in the aperture 74 formed on the bottom of the preform mold 7.

After the closing of the preform mold 7, the blow core 5 and the stretch rod 6 are inserted downward through the transfer plate 4 and the lip die 3 into the closed-end parison 2 as illustrated in Fig. 4. This allows the closed-end parison 2 to be stretched in an axial direction by the stretch rod 6 and expanded by application of air blow pressures. Air is blown in repeatedly and intermittently, whereas the stretch in the axial direction is implemented only in the process of first air blow. The stretch in the axial direction allows the bottom of the closed-end parison 2 to be securely held between the stretch rod 6 and the support rod 15.

The air pressure of approximately 2 kg is blown intermittently 4 through 6 times. After each application of air blow pressure, the blown air is released for the removal of internal pressure and each expanded part is accordingly contracted back to some extent. It is essential to set an extremely short air blow time for preventing localized extreme expansion. The final air blow time is set relatively long, for example, approximately 4 seconds, in order to expand the whole parison 2 to the shape of the cavity 72. The cylindrical preform 10 having a wall thickness of approximately 5 mm subsequently undergoes the stretch blow molding process to form a final large containers.

After the molding of the preform 10 is concluded, the blow mold 1 is opened and the pressing force to the mold halves 71, 71 of the preform mold 7 is removed. The mold halves 71, 71 automatically open by means of the spring pressure while the preform 10 is kept at its molding position. The preform mold 7 is then retreated horizontally by means of the reciprocating unit 8 and returned to the position on the side of the blow mold 1. In this state, the preform 10 is supported by the support rod 15 to be positioned on the center of the blow mold 1 as illustrated in Fig. 5. This effectively prevents a draw-down of the preform 10 due to the heat held in the preform 10.

The blow mold 1 is closed and pressed again, so that the preform 10 is stretched in the axial direction by the stretch rod 6 and expanded by application of air blow pressures. The air blowing process includes a primary low-pressure step and a secondary high-pressure (8 kg or higher) step. Simultaneously with or otherwise after the expansion of the preform 10 by the secondary high pressure, the bottom mold 13 is lifted up to define a bottom mold 13 allows the support rod 15 to be accommodated in the bottom mold 13 against the force of the spring member 18 and gives a large container 100 having a wall thickness of approximately 1.2 mm as the final product as illustrated in Fig. 5.

The above embodiment is only illustrative and not restrictive in any sense. There may be many modifications, alterations, and changes without departing from the scope of essential characteristics of the present invention. The scope of the present invention are limited only by the terms of the appended claims.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Verfahren zum Formen eines großen Behälters (100) durch den Streckblasformprozess, wobei das Verfahren die Schritte umfasst:
    • Spritzgießen eines einseitig geschlossenen Rohlings (2) mit einem zu streckenden dickwandigen Teil und einer kürzeren Länge als ein fertiger großer Behälter (100) innerhalb eines durch eine Spritzgussform, eine Kernform und eine Lippenform (3) begrenzten Hohlraums;
    • Freigeben des einseitig geschlossenen Rohlings (2) aus der
    • Spritzgussform und der Kernform, während ein vollständig verfestigter Hals des einseitig geschlossenen Rohlings von der Lippenform (3) gehalten wird, unmittelbar nachdem sich eine Hautschicht, die eine Form des Rohlings bewahrt, auf der Oberfläche des einseitig geschlossenen Rohlings (2) gebildet hat, der eine hohe innere Temperatur aufweist;
    • Verschieben des freigegebenen einseitig geschlossenen Rohlings (2) mit der Lippenform (3) zu Formhälften (71) einer zuvor auf eine vorbestimmte Temperatur erwärmten Vorformlingform (7); Aufnehmen des einseitig geschlossenen Rohlings (2) zwischen den Formhälften (71) der in einem offenen Zustand befindlichen Vorformlingform (7) und Schließen der Formhälften (71) der Vorformlingform (7), um den einseitig geschlossenen Rohling (2) in einer Mitte eines Vorformling-Hohlraums (72) zu positionieren, der von Berührungsflächen der Formhälften (71) begrenzt wird;
    • Einführen eines Blaskerns (5) und einer Streckstange (6) nach unten durch die Lippenform (3) in den einseitig geschlossenen Rohling (2) nach dem Schließen der Vorformlingform (7), so dass es ermöglicht wird, den einseitig geschlossenen Rohling (2) mittels der Streckstange (6) in einer axialen Richtung zu strecken und durch Aufbringen eines Lufteinblasdrucks aufzuweiten, während der einseitig geschlossene Rohling (2) ausreichend Wärme besitzt;
    • wiederholtes und intermittierendes Einblasen von Niederdruckluft über einen kurzen Zeitraum und anschließendes Ablassen der Niederdruckluft, während das Strecken in der axialen Richtung nur während eines ersten Lufteinblasens durchgeführt wird, wodurch der einseitig geschlossene Rohling (2) aufgeweitet wird, um den Vorformling-Hohlraum (72) zu füllen, um einen vorbestimmten Vorformling (10) zu formen, der eine Zwischengröße zwischen dem einseitig geschlossene Rohling (2) und dem fertigen Behälter (100) aufweist;
    • Platzieren des Vorformlings (10) in einer Blasform (12, 13); und
    • Herstellen des großen Behälters (100) mit einem dünnwandigen Körper als Endprodukt durch den Streckblasformprozess.
  2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, bei dem ein Zeitraum für das letzte Einblasen von Luft beim Schritt des intermittierenden Einblasens von Luft länger eingestellt wird als andere Zeiträume für das intermittierende Einblasen von Niederdruckluft, um den einseitig geschlossenen Rohling (2) aufzuweiten, so dass er den Vorformling-Hohlraum (72) füllt und der vorbestimmte Vorformling (10) geformt wird.
  3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, bei dem der Vorformling (10) durch ein Halteelement (15) abgestützt wird, das beim Schritt des Streckblasformens mittels Luftdruck in eine Bodenform (13) zurückgezogen wird, wobei das Abstützen mit dem Halteelement (15) ein Herabziehen des Vorformlings (10) infolge von im Vorformling (10) enthaltener Wärme verhindert.
  4. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, bei dem der Schritt des Streckblasformens weiter die Verwendung eines primären Niederdrucklufteinblasens und eines sekundären Hochdrucklufteinblasens umfasst, so dass der Vorformling (10) durch den sekundären Hochdruck zum fertigen großen Behälter (100) aufgeweitet wird.
  5. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, bei dem der einseitig geschlossene Rohling (2) durch den Spritzgießprozess aus Polycarbonat hergestellt und mit einer auf 140° bis 150°C erwärmten Vorformlingform (7) zu einem Vorformling (10) einer vorbestimmten Größe geformt wird.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A method of molding a large container (100) by the process of stretch blow molding, said method comprising the steps of:
    • injection molding a closed-end parison (2) having a thick-wall portion to be stretched and a shorter length than a final large container (100) within a cavity defined by an injection mold, a core mold and a lip die (3);
    • releasing said closed-end parison (2) from the injection mold and the core mold, while a completely solidified neck of said closed-end parison being held by the lip die (3), immediately after a skin layer keeping a parison shape is formed on surface of said closed-end parison (2) having a high inner temperature;
    • shifting said released, closed-end parison (2) with said lip die (3) to a mold halves (71) of a preform mold (7) previously heated to a predetermined temperature;
    • receiving said closed-end parison (2) between said mold halves (71) of said preform mold (7) in an open state, and closing said mold halves (71) of said preform mold (7) to position said closed-end parison (2) on a center of a preform cavity (72), which is defined by mating surfaces of said mold halves (71); inserting a blow core (5) and a stretch rod (6) downward through said lip die (3) into said closed-end parison (2) after dosing said preform mold (7), so as to allow said closed-end parison (2) to be stretched in an axial direction by said stretch rod (6) and
    • expanded by application of an air blow pressure while said closed-end parison (2) having sufficient heat;
    • repeatedly and intermittently blowing in low-pressure air for a short time and subsequently releasing said low-pressure air, while implementing the stretch in the axial direction only during a first air blow, thereby expanding said closed-end parison (2) to fill said preform cavity (72) to mold a predetermined preform (10) having an intermediate size between said closed-end parison (2) and said final large container (100);
    • placing said preform (10) in a blow mold (12, 13); and
    • manufacturing said large container (100) having a thin-wall body as a final product by the process of stretch blow molding.
  2. A method as claimed in Claim 1, wherein a time period of final air blow in said step of intermittently blowing air is set longer than other time periods of said intermittent low-pressure air blow, in order to expand said closed-end parison (2) to fill said preform cavity (72) and mold said predetermined preform (10).
  3. A method as claimed in Claim 1 or 2, wherein said preform (10) is supported by a support member (15), which is withdrawn into a bottom mold (13) by means of air pressure in the step of stretch blow molding, said supporting with support member (15) preventing a draw-down of said preform (10) due to heat held in said preform (10).
  4. A method as claimed in any one of Claims 1 through 3, wherein said step of stretch blow molding further comprises applying a primary low-pressure air blow and a secondary high-pressure air blow, so as that said preform (10) is expanded to said final large container (100) by the secondary high pressure.
  5. A method as claimed in any one of Claims 1 through 4, wherein said closed-end parison (2) is prepared from polycarbonate by the process of injection molding and molded to a preform (10) of a predetermined size with a preform mold (7) heated to 140° through 150°C.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Procédé de moulage d'un grand récipient (100) par le procédé de moulage par soufflage par allongement, ledit procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à :
    • mouler par injection une paraison à extrémité fermée (2) ayant une partie à paroi épaisse devant être allongée et une longueur inférieure à celle d'un grand récipient final (100) à l'intérieur d'une cavité définie par un moule d'injection, un moule de noyau et une filière à lèvre (3) ;
    • libérer ladite paraison à extrémité fermée (2) du moule à injection et du moule de noyau, tandis qu'un étranglement complètement solidifié de ladite paraison à extrémité fermée est maintenu par la filière à lèvre (3), immédiatement après la formation d'une couche de surface conservant une forme de paraison à la surface de ladite paraison à extrémité fermée (2) ayant une température intérieure plus élevée ;
    • déplacer ladite paraison à extrémité fermée libérée (2) avec ladite filière à lèvre (3) vers des moitiés de moule (71) d'un moule de préforme (7) préalablement chauffé à une température prédéterminée ;
    • recevoir ladite paraison à extrémité fermée (2) entre lesdites moitiés de moule (71) dudit moule de préforme (7) à l'état ouvert, et fermer lesdites moitiés de moule (71) dudit moule de préforme (7) pour placer ladite paraison à extrémité fermée (2) sur le centre d'une cavité de préforme (72), qui est définie par des surfaces d'accouplement desdites moitiés de moule (71) ;
    • insérer un noyau de soufflage (5) et une tige d'allongement (6) vers le bas à travers ladite filière à lèvre (3) dans ladite paraison à extrémité fermée (2) après avoir fermé ledit moule de préforme (7), afin de permettre à ladite paraison à extrémité fermée (2) d'être allongée dans une direction axiale par ladite tige d'allongement (6) et dilatée par application d'une pression de jet d'air tandis que ladite paraison à extrémité fermée (2) a suffisamment de chaleur ;
    • souffler de manière répétée et intermittente de l'air à basse pression pendant une brève période puis libérer ledit air à basse pression tout en réalisant l'allongement dans la direction axiale uniquement pendant un premier jet d'air, dilatant ainsi ladite paraison à extrémité fermée (2) pour remplir ladite cavité de préforme (72) pour mouler une préforme prédéterminée (10) ayant une taille intermédiaire entre ladite paraison à extrémité fermée (2) et ledit grand récipient final (100) ;
    • placer ladite préforme (10) dans un moule de soufflage (12, 13) ; et
    • fabriquer ledit grand récipient (100) ayant un corps à paroi mince sous la forme d'un produit final par le procédé de moulage par soufflage par allongement.
  2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une période de soufflage d'air final dans ladite étape de soufflage intermittent d'air est définie pour être plus longue que d'autres périodes dudit jet d'air à basse pression intermittent, afin de dilater ladite paraison à extrémité fermée (2) pour remplir ladite cavité de préforme (72) et mouler ladite préforme prédéterminée (10).
  3. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel ladite préforme (10) est supportée par un élément de support (15) qui est retiré dans un moule de fond (13) au moyen d'une pression d'air dans l'étape de moulage par soufflage par allongement, ledit support par ledit élément de support (15) empêchant une réduction de l'étirage de ladite préforme (10) due à la chaleur enfermée dans ladite préforme (10).
  4. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel ladite étape de moulage par soufflage par allongement comprend en outre l'application d'un jet d'air à basse pression principal et d'un jet d'air à haute pression secondaire, de telle sorte que ladite préforme (10) soit dilatée pour donner ledit grand récipient final (100) par la haute pression secondaire.
  5. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel ladite paraison à extrémité fermée (2) est préparée en polycarbonate par le procédé de moulage par injection et moulée pour donner une préforme (10) d'une taille prédéterminée avec un moule de préforme (7) chauffé à 140° à 150°C.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

Anmelder
Datum

Patentrecherche

Patent Zeichnungen (PDF)

Copyright © 2008 Patent-De Alle Rechte vorbehalten. eMail: info@patent-de.com