PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1167976 28.02.2002
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 1167976
Titel Immunoassay zum Nachweis von Amphetaminen und Derivaten davon
Anmelder Roche Diagnostics GmbH, 68305 Mannheim, DE;
F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Basel, CH
Erfinder Mc Nally, Alan J., Carmel, Indiana 46033, US;
Zhao, Huiru, Carmel, Indiana 46033, US;
Goc-Szkutnicka, Krystyna, Indianapolis, Indiana 46236, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 26.06.2001
EP-Aktenzeichen 011153426
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 02.01.2002
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 28.02.2002
IPC-Hauptklasse G01N 33/94

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates generally to the field of measuring an analyte in a liquid medium. More specifically, it relates to an assay for the measurement of a drug of abuse in a biological sample. In particular, the invention relates to a highly sensitive immunoassay method for the detection of amphetamines, methamphetamines and methylenedioxy designer amphetamines such as 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) in biological samples.

The amphetamine analogues of methylenedioxyphenylalkylamine are a series of compounds referred to as "designer" amphetamines. As represented in Figure 1, these psychotropic drugs are ring-substituted derivatives chemically related to mescaline. They include methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA), methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, also known as Ecstasy), methylenedioxyethylamphetamine (MDEA), N-methylbenzodioxazolylbutanamine (MBDB), benzodioxazol-5'-yl-2-butanamine (BDB) and 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyniethamphetamine (HMMA) the most common of these being MDMA.

MDA has been shown to be the metabolite of both MDMA and MDEA. Several animal studies have shown that MDMA is metabolized by N-demethylation, deamination, O-methylation and O-conjugation to glucuronide and/or sulfate metabolites. Detected in urine are the parent drug (MDMA), 3,4-methylenedioxylamphetamine (MDA), 4-hydroxy-3-methoxymethamphetamine (HMMA), 3-hydroxy-4-methoxymethamphetamine, 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylacetone, 3,4-methylenedioxyphenylacetone and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetone. Most of these metabolites are also present in the blood.

Urine and blood are the most commonly studied biological matrices for MDMA, MDA, MDEA and MBDB and are well documented in the literature. Determination of these designer drugs in other biological specimens such as saliva, sweat and hair has been reported more recently. The parent drug is detected in higher concentrations than its metabolites in these matrices.

The abuse of these designer amphetamines is increasing throughout the world, and their detection by screening methods is becoming a more important issue. Zhao, H. et al., J. Anal. Toxicology 25, 258-269 (2001) found 71 % of urine samples from rave party attendees contained MDMA or MDA alone or in combination with amphetamine or other designer amphetamines such as MDEA. Presently there are no commercial immunoassays designed specifically for the detection of these substances, and their detection therefore depends on the relative cross-reactivities they exhibit in the amphetamine or methamphetamine screening method used. In general, the cross-reactivity of the commercially available amphetamine and methamphetamine assays toward many of these compounds is low which suggests the possibility that some positive samples may go undetected.

In testing for drugs of abuse, immunoassays, particularly competitive binding immunoassays, have proven to be especially advantageous. In competitive binding immunoassays, an analyte in a biological sample competes with a labeled reagent, or analyte analog, or tracer, for a limited number of receptor binding sites on antibodies specific for the analyte and analyte analog. Enzymes such a &bgr;-galactosidase and peroxidase, fluorescent molecules such as fluorescein compounds, radioactive compounds such as 125I, and microparticles are common labeling substances used as tracers. The concentration of analyte in the sample determines the amount of analyte analog which will bind to the antibody. The amount of analyte analog that will bind is inversely proportional to the concentration of analyte in the sample, because the analyte and the analyte analog each bind to the antibody in proportion to their respective concentrations. The amount of free or bound analyte analog can then be determined by methods appropriate to the particular label being used.

Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) is highly specific and has been described for the simultaneous detection of MDMA, MDA, amphetamine, methamphetamine, MDEA and their metabolites. GC/MC analysis is usually required for confirmation and verification of the results of an immunological assay or a suspected diagnosis. In this technique, MDMA or designer drugs are extracted in solid phase, then derivatized and analyzed via GC/MS.

In U.S. Patent No. 5,501,987 issued March 26, 1996 , Ordonez et al. describe a dual analyte immunoassay for the determination of amphetamine and methamphetamine using a single labeled binding partner capable of cross reacting at differing sensitivities to antibodies derived from conjugate derivatives of amphetamine and methamphetamine. Calibrators used are prepared by adding d-amphetamine to drug-free, normal human urine.

Kunsman et al. (J. Analyt. Toxicol. 14, 1990, pages 149-153 ) disclose the application of amphetamine immunoassays to the detection of methylenedioxy designer amphetamines. As standards amphetamine solutions are used. Kunsman et al. do not teach the use of a standard comprising a known amount of methylenedioxy designer amphetamine.

EP-A-0674 782 belongs to the same patent family as US patent no. 5,262,333 discloses fluorescence polaization immunoassay for the determination of amphetamine and methamphetamine in biological sample. The procedure described includes a pretreatment of the biological sample with periodate and riboflavin binding protein to eliminate cross reactants such as &bgr;-hydroxyphenethylamine.

EP-A-0375 422 describes an immunoassay which can determine the presence of amphetamines in a sample suspected of containing amphetamine and/or methamphetamine by employing at least two conjugates, each comprised of a functionally similar label bound to an amphetamine analog and a methamphetamine analog respectively and an antibody to amphetamine and an antibody to methamphetamine wherein at least.one of the antibodies is a monoclonal antibody.

Ruangyuttikarn and Moody (J. Analyt. Toxicol. 12 (4): 229-233 (1988) ) disclose a comparison of three commercial amphetamine immunoassays for the detection of methamphetamine, methylenedioxyamphetamine, methylenedioxymethamphetamine and methylenedioxyethylamphetamine. All assays were calibrated with amphetamine as reference.

Ward et al. (Journal of Forensic Sciences, 39 (6), 1994, pages 1486-1496 ) disclose a radioimmunoassay for the dual detection of amphetamine and methamphetamine. The method applies amphetamine or methamphetamine as calibrators.

Cody and Schwarzhoff (J. Analyt. Toxicol. 17 (1993), pages 26-30 ) describe a fluorescence polarization immunoassay for the detection of amphetamine, methamphetamine and amphetamine analogs. Also this method uses amphetamine and methamphetamine as calibrators.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Quite surprisingly, it has been discovered that a highly specific immunoassay method for the detection of amphetamines, methamphetamines, methylenedioxy designer amphetamines such as 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) in urine samples can be achieved by the use of a calibrator comprising a substance selected from the group consisting of methylenedioxy designer amphetamines in drug free, normal human urine and an antibody having specificity for amphetamine or methamphetamine and cross-reactivity with amphetamine analogues of methylenedioxyphenylalkylamine.

The invention is directed to a method for determining an analyte selected from the group consisting of amphetamine, methamphetamine, and methylenedioxy designer amphetamines in a biological sample comprising the steps of:

  1. a. combining a sample suspected of containing said analyte with a first antibody specific for amphetamine and having cross-reactivity with amphetamine analogues of methylenedioxyphenylalkylamine, a second antibody specific for methamphetamine and having cross-reactivity with amphetamine analogues of methylenedioxyphenylalkylamine, and a complex comprising a ligand of said analyte coupled to a labeling moiety,
  2. b. measuring the presence or amount of said complex which remains bound or unbound to said antibodies as a result of competitive displacement by said analyte, and
  3. c. comparing the presence or amount of said complex measured in step (b) with the presence or amount of a similar complex measured in a reference sample containing a known amount of a substance selected from the group consisting of methylenedioxy designer amphetamines, said reference sample being treated according to steps (a) and (b).

The invention also concerns a method for determining an analyte selected from the group consisting of amphetamine, methamphetamine, and methylenedioxy designer amphetamines in a biological sample comprising the steps of:

  1. a. combining a sample suspected of containing said analyte with an antibody selected from the group consisting of antibodies specific for amphetamine and having cross-reactivity with amphetamine analogues of methylenedioxyphenylalkylamine and antibodies specific for methamphetamines and having cross-reactivity with amphetamine analogues of methylenedioxyphenylalkylamine, and further with a complex comprising a ligand of said analyte coupled to a labeling moiety,
  2. b. measuring the presence or amount of said complex which remains bound or unbound to said antibodies as a result of competitive displacement by said analyte, and
  3. c. comparing the presence or amount of said complex measured in step (b) with the presence or amount of a similar complex measured in a reference sample containing a known amount of a substance selected from the group consisting of methylenedioxy designer amphetamines, said reference sample being treated according to steps (a) and (b).

In both methods, preferably urine is used as said sample and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) is preferably used a said substance present in a reference sample in a known amount.

In the method of the invention, a sample suspected of containing amphetamine, methamphetamine or a structurally related drug is combined with an antibody having specificity for amphetamine or methamphetamine and a labeled binding partner which can interact with the combination of antibody and its corresponding analyte so as to detect the presence of the analytes at selected cutoff levels either alone or in combination. The particular antibody or antibodies used must have cross-reactivity with amphetamine analogues of methylenedioxyphenylalkylamine. This invention can be used with any type of immunoassay format, e.g., turbidometric agglutination assay, radioimmunoassay, enzyme immunoassay, or fluorescent polarization immunoassay. Especially preferred is the use of the present invention with agglutinometric formats susceptible to an instrumental method for the measurement of the changes brought about by the agglutination reaction. Both manual as well as automated apparatus testing may be suitably employed for such agglutinometric analysis. Typically, automated instrumentation will operate utilizing a multiplicity of reagent containers or reservoirs from which will be pipetted the appropriate amount of each reagent for addition to the sample. For immunoassays such as the subject agglutination assay, this will usually involve at least two such containers; typically, one for an antibody reagent and the other for the microparticles bound with the corresponding ligand. Additional containers or reservoirs may be present in some instruments containing diluent, buffers or other additives for appropriate treatment of the sample.

The clinical analyzer pipettes the onboard reagents and samples into one cuvette where the competitive agglomeration reaction occurs and measurement of the turbidity is made. For example, using the HITACHI 917 analyzer (Roche Diagnostics) and the ABUSCREEN® OnLine Amphetamines reagent kit (Roche Diagnostics, Cat. No. 1985965), urine sample is pipetted with sample diluent into the cuvette, followed immediately by the appropriate amount of antibody reagent and mixing. An initial spectrophotometer reading is taken. Then the appropriate quantity of microparticle reagent is transferred to the cuvette and the reaction mixed. After a brief incubation, a final turbidity measurement is made. The overall change in turbidity (absorbance) in the reaction is compared to a calibration curve and results reported in ng/ml.

The present invention also encompasses a reagent test kit which comprises, in packaged combination, an antibody specific for amphetamine, an antibody specific for methamphetamine, a complex comprising a ligand of amphetamine or an amphetamine derivative coupled to a labeling moiety, and a calibrator comprising a known amount of a substance selected from the group consisting of methylenedioxy designer amphetamines. Such a test kit provides reagents for an assay with enhanced clinical sensitivity for MDMA and structurally-related compounds.

The present invention concerns a kit for conducting an assay for the determination of an analyte selected from the group consisting of amphetamine, methamphetamine, and methylenedioxy designer amphetamines in a biological sample comprising in packaged combination:

  1. a. a first antibody specific for amphetamine and having cross-reactivity with amphetamine analogues of methylenedioxyphenylalkylamine,
  2. b. a second antibody specific for methamphetamine and having cross-reactivity with amphetamine analogues of methylenedioxyphenylalkylamine,
  3. c. a complex comprising a ligand of amphetamine or an amphetamine derivative coupled to a labeling moiety, and
  4. d. a calibrator comprising a known amount of a substance selected from the group consisting of methylenedioxy designer amphetamines.

The invention also concerns a kit for conducting an assay for the determination of an analyte selected from the group consisting of amphetamine, methamphetamine, and methylenedioxy designer amphetamines in a biological sample comprising in packaged combination:

  1. a. an antibody selected from the group consisting of antibodies specific for amphetamine and having cross-reactivity with amphetamine analogues of methylenedioxyphenylalkylamine and antibodies specific for methamphetamine and having cross-reactivity with amphetamine analogues of methylenedioxyphenylalkylamine,
  2. b. a complex comprising a ligand of amphetamine or an amphetamine derivative coupled to a labeling moiety, and
  3. c. a calibrator comprising a known amount of a substance selected from the group consisting of methylenedioxy designer amphetamines.

Both kits are preferably used for urine as the biological sample. Preferably, both kits contain 3,4-methylendioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) as the substance which is contained in a known amount in the calibrator.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • Figure 1 shows the structures of amphetamine, methamphetamine and 3,4-methylenedioxy designer drugs.
  • Figure 2 is a dose response curve generated using the assay of the present invention comprising an antibody specific for amphetamine, an antibody specific for methamphetamine and calibrators comprising known amounts of MDMA.
  • Figure 3 is a dose response curve generated using the assay of the present invention comprising an antibody specific for amphetamine, an antibody specific for methamphetamine and calibrators comprising known amounts of MDA.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Commercial immunoassay kits for determination of MDMA are currently not available. The only way to determine MDMA via immunoassay is to use reagents or a reagent kit for determining amphetamine or methamphetamine comprising an amphetamine antibody and methamphetamine antibody having high cross-reactivity with MDMA and using amphetamine or methamphetamine as a calibrator. In the present invention, a substance selected from the group consisting of methylenedioxy designer amphetamines is used to calibrate a commercially available assay using antibodies for amphetamine and methamphetamine. The use of a methylenedioxy designer amphetamine calibrator significantly increased the clinical sensitivity for MDMA, MBDB ,MDA, MDE, and BDB without significant increase for medications such as &bgr;-hydroxyphenylamines, e.g., ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, phentamine, tyramine and phenylpropanolamine (PPA).

Abbreviations used:

AMP
amphetamine
BDB
(±)-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-2-butanamine
HMMA
4-hydroxy-3-methoxymethamphetamine
MAMP
methamphetamine
MBDB
(±)-N-methyl-1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-2-butanamine
MDA
(±)-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine
MDEA
(±)-3,4-methylenedioxyethylamphetamine
MDMA
(±)-3,4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine
NT
not tested
PPA
phenylpropanolamine

Cross-reactivities of currently marketed assays for MDMA and MDA, according to published literature, as well as cross-reactivities using the method of the present invention are listed in the table below.

By "methylenedioxy designer amphetamines" is meant the group of amphetamine analogues of methylenedioxyphenylalkylamine including 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA), 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, Ecstasy), 3,4-methylenedioxyethylamphetamine (MDEA), N-methyl-1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-2-butanamine (N-methylbenzodioxazolylbutanamine) (MBDB) and 3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl-2-butanamine (benzodioxazol-5'-yl-2-butanamine) (BDB). Compound Roche Hitachi AMP 500 ng/ml Roche Integra AMPSC 500 ng/ml Abbott TDX AMP/methAMP 1000 ng/ml CEDIA DAU AMP 1000 ng/ml Roche Hitachi AMP/MDMA 300 ng/ml MDMA 36% 79% 97% 69% 100.0% MDA 35.5% 40 % 148 % 1.9% 25.0 % MDEA NT NT 42.7% 2.4% 15.0% MBDB NT NT (+) NT 70.0 % BDB NT NT (+) NT 4.7 % d-AMP 100% 100% 100% 101 % 97.0% 1-AMP 6% 4.2% 56.9% 3.0% 3.8% d-MAMP 82.2 % 12 % 97.8% 100 % 300.0 % 1-MAMP 0.8% 12 % 7.2 % 12 % 18 % dl-ephedrine <0.1 % <0.1% NT 0.4% <0.3 % I-PPA 1.5 % 1.1 % NT NT 0.6 % HMMA NT NT NT NT <0.3 %

Cutoff levels, which are indicated in the above chart for each method, are the concentration of drugs in the sample required for the test to determine a positive result.

Example 1. Preparation of antibody reagent

A first reagent was prepared according to the directions accompanying the ABUSCREEN® OnLine HS Amphetamine/MDMA reagent kit (Roche Diagnostics, Cat.

No. 1986619). The reagent contained amphetamine and methamphetamine monoclonal antibodies (mouse) in a buffer with bovine serum albumin and a preservative.

Example 2. Preparation of microparticle reagent

A second reagent was prepared according to the directions accompanying the ABUSCREEN® OnLine HS Amphetamine/MDMA reagent kit (Roche Diagnostics, Cat. No. 1986619). The reagent contained an amphetamine derivative conjugated to latex microparticles in a buffer with a preservative.

Example 3. Preparation of MDMA calibrator

Calibrators were prepared according to the directions accompanying the ABUSCREEN® OnLine Preciset® MDMA calibrators (Roche Diagnostics, Cat. No. 4745556). The calibrator solutions contained 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine in human urine with a preservative. Final concentrations of the calibrators were 0, 150, 300 and 600 ng/ml.

Example 4. Assay using MDMA calibrator

Calibrators or reference samples prepared according to Example 3 were assayed according to the directions accompanying the OnLine reagent kit using an HITACHI 917 analyzer (Roche Diagnostics) and a cutoff value of 300 ng/ml. Parameters used were 10 µl sample, 160 µl antibody reagent and 90 µl microparticle reagent. The reaction was run monochromatically (505 nm) in the endpoint (read point 19-33). The dose response curve is shown in Figure 2, with the change in absorbance at 505 nm plotted on the y-axis and MDMA concentration plotted on the x-axis.

Example 5. Assay using MDA calibrator

Calibrators or reference samples prepared as described in Example 3 except using MDA in place of MDMA were assayed according to the directions accompanying the OnLine reagent kit using an HITACHI 717 analyzer (Roche Diagnostics). Parameters used were 15 µl sample, 170 µl antibody reagent and 80 µl microparticle reagent. The reaction was run monochromatically (505 nm) in the endpoint (27-50). The dose response curve obtained is shown in Figure 3, with the change in absorbance at 505 nm plotted on the y-axis and MDA concentration plotted on the x-axis.

Cross-reactivities observed when MDA was used as a calibrator were as follows: Compound Roche Hitachi AMP/MDMA 300 ng/ml MDMA 81.0% MDA 100.0 % d-AMP 319.0 % 1-AMP 15.2 % d-MAMP 269.0 % 1-MAMP 24.7 % dl-ephedrine 0.34 % 1-PPA 6.2 %

Example 6. Assay of urine samples

Urine specimens suspected of containing amphetamine, methamphetamine or methylenedioxy designer amphetamines were treated according to the procedure described in Example 4 using MDMA calibrators at levels of 0, 150, 300 and 600 ng/ml. Results were obtained by comparing the change in absorbance at 505 nm for an unknown sample with that obtained with the calibrators of known concentration. Results obtained on 72 urine specimens had 100 % agreement with a reference chromatographic method for the detection of designer amphetamines.


Anspruch[de]
Verfahren zur Bestimmung eines Analyten ausgewählt aus der aus Amphetamin, Methamphetamin und Methylendioxy-Designeramphetaminen bestehenden Gruppe in einer biologischen Probe, welches die folgenden Schritte umfaßt: a. Zusammengeben einer Probe, von der vermutet wird, daß sie den Analyten enthält, mit einem ersten Antikörper, der spezifisch für Amphetamin ist und Kreuzreaktivität mit Amphetaminanaloga von Methylendioxyphenylalkylamin aufweist, einem zweiten Antikörper, der spezifisch für Methamphetamin ist und Kreuzreaktivität mit Amphetaminanaloga von Methylendioxyphenylalkylamin aufweist, und einem Komplex, der einen an eine Markergruppe gekoppelten Liganden dieses Analyten enthält, b. Messen des Vorhandenseins von bzw. der Menge an Komplex, der an die Antikörper gebunden bleibt oder als Folge der kompetitiven Verdrängung durch den Analyten von den Antikörpern losgelöst wurde, und c. Vergleich des Vorhandenseins von bzw. der Menge an in Schritt b) gemessenem Komplex mit dem Vorhandensein bzw. der Menge eines ähnlichen, in einer eine bekannte Menge an einer Substanz ausgewählt aus der aus Methylendioxy-Designeramphetaminen bestehenden Gruppe enthaltenden Vergleichsprobe gemessenen Komplexes, wobei die Vergleichsprobe gemäß Schritt (a) und (b) behandelt wurde. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei es sich bei der Probe um Urin handelt. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, wobei es sich bei der Substanz um 3,4-Methylendioxymethamphetamin (MDMA) handelt. Verfahren zur Bestimmung eines Analyten ausgewählt aus der aus Amphetamin, Methamphetamin und Methylendioxy-Designeramphetaminen bestehenden Gruppe in einer biologischen Probe, welches die folgenden Schritte umfaßt: a. Zusammengeben einer Probe, von der vermutet wird, daß sie den Analyten enthält, mit einem Antikörper, der aus der aus Antikörpern, die spezifisch für Amphetamin sind und Kreuzreaktivität mit Amphetaminanaloga von Methylendioxyphenylalkylamin aufweisen, und Antikörpern, die spezifisch für Methamphetamin sind und Kreuzreaktivität mit Amphetaminanaloga von Methylendioxyphenylalkylamin aufweisen, bestehenden Gruppe ausgewählten Antikörper und weiterhin mit einem Komplex, der einen an eine Markergruppe gekoppelten Liganden dieses Analyten enthält, b. Messen des Vorhandenseins von bzw. der Menge an Komplex, der an die Antikörper gebunden bleibt oder als Folge der kompetitiven Verdrängung durch den Analyten von den Antikörpern losgelöst wurde, und c. Vergleich des Vorhandenseins von bzw. der Menge an in Schritt b) gemessenem Komplex mit dem Vorhandensein bzw. der Menge eines ähnlichen, in einer eine bekannte Menge an einer Substanz ausgewählt aus der aus Methylendioxy-Designeramphetaminen bestehenden Gruppe enthaltenden Vergleichsprobe gemessenen Komplexes, wobei die Vergleichsprobe gemäß Schritt (a) und (b) behandelt wurde. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei es sich bei der Probe um Urin handelt. Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, wobei es sich bei der Substanz um 3,4-Methylendioxymethamphetamin (MDMA) handelt. Kit zum Durchführen eines Assays für die Bestimmung eines Analyten ausgewählt aus der aus Amphetamin, Methamphetamin und Methylendioxy-Designeramphetaminen bestehenden Gruppe in einer biologischen Probe, enthaltend in einer abgepackten Kombination: a. einen ersten Antikörper, der amphetaminspezifisch ist und Kreuzreaktivität mit Amphetaminanaloga von Methylendioxyphenylalkylamin aufweist, b. einen zweiten Antikörper, der methamphetaminspezifisch ist und Kreuzreaktivität mit Amphetaminanaloga von Methylendioxyphenylalkylamin aufweist, c. einen Komplex, enthaltend einen Liganden von Amphetamin oder ein an eine Markergruppe gekoppeltes Amphetaminderivat, und d. einen Eichstandard, enthaltend eine bekannte Menge einer Substanz ausgewählt aus der aus Methylendioxy-Designeramphetaminen bestehenden Gruppe. Kit nach Anspruch 7, wobei es sich bei der Probe um Urin handelt. Kit nach Anspruch 8, wobei es sich bei der Substanz um 3,4-Methylendioxymethamphetamin (MDMA) handelt. Kit zum Durchführen eines Assays für die Bestimmung eines Analyten ausgewählt aus der aus Amphetamin, Methamphetamin und Methylendioxy-Designeramphetaminen bestehenden Gruppe in einer biologischen Probe, enthaltend in einer abgepackten Kombination: a. einen Antikörper, ausgewählt aus der aus Antikörpern, die amphetaminspezifisch sind und Kreuzreaktivität mit Amphetaminanaloga von Methylendioxyphenylalkylamin aufweisen, und Antikörpern, die methamphetaminspezifisch sind und Kreuzreaktivität mit Amphetaminanaloga von Methylendioxyphenylalkylamin aufweisen, bestehenden Gruppe, b. einen Komplex, enthaltend einen Liganden von Amphetamin oder ein an eine Markergruppe gekoppeltes Amphetaminderivat, und c. einen Eichstandard, enthaltend eine bekannte Menge einer Substanz ausgewählt aus der aus Methylendioxy-Designeramphetaminen bestehenden Gruppe. Kit nach Anspruch 10, wobei es sich bei der Probe um Urin handelt. Kit nach Anspruch 11, wobei es sich bei der Substanz um 3,4-Methylendioxymethamphetamin (MDMA) handelt.
Anspruch[en]
A method for determining an analyte selected from the group consisting of amphetamine, methamphetamine, and methylenedioxy designer amphetamines in a biological sample comprising the steps of: a. combining a sample suspected of containing said analyte with a first antibody specific for amphetamine and having cross-reactivity with amphetamine analogues of methylenedioxyphenylalkylamine, a second antibody specific for methamphetamine and having cross-reactivity with amphetamine analogues of methylenedioxyphenylalkylamine, and a complex comprising a ligand of said analyte coupled to a labeling moiety, b. measuring the presence or amount of said complex which remains bound or unbound to said antibodies as a result of competitive displacement by said analyte, and c. comparing the presence or amount of said complex measured in step (b) with the presence or amount of a similar complex measured in a reference sample containing a known amount of a substance selected from the group consisting of methylenedioxy designer amphetamines, said reference sample being treated according to steps (a) and (b). The method of claim 1, wherein said sample is urine. The method of claim 2, wherein said substance is 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). A method for determining an analyte selected from the group consisting of amphetamine, methamphetamine, and methylenedioxy designer amphetamines in a biological sample comprising the steps of: a. combining a sample suspected of containing said analyte with an antibody selected from the group consisting of antibodies specific for amphetamine and having cross-reactivity with amphetamine analogues of methylenedioxyphenylalkylamine and antibodies specific for methamphetamine and having cross-reactivity with amphetamine analogues of methylenedioxyphenylalkylamine, and further with a complex comprising a ligand of said analyte coupled to a labeling moiety, b. measuring the presence or amount of said complex which remains bound or unbound to said antibody as a result of competitive displacement by said analyte, and c. comparing the presence or amount of said complex measured in step (b) with the presence or amount of a similar complex measured in a reference sample containing a known amount of a substance selected from the group consisting of methylenedioxy designer amphetamines, said reference sample being treated according to steps (a) and (b). The method of claim 4, wherein said sample is urine. The method of claim 5, wherein said substance is 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). A kit for conducting an assay for the determination of an analyte selected from the group consisting of amphetamine, methamphetamine, and methylenedioxy designer amphetamines in a biological sample comprising in packaged combination: a. a first antibody specific for amphetamine and having cross-reactivity with amphetamine analogues of methylenedioxyphenylalkylamine, b. a second antibody specific for methamphetamine and having cross-reactivity with amphetamine analogues of methylenedioxyphenylalkylamine, c. a complex comprising a ligand of amphetamine or an amphetamine derivative coupled to a labeling moiety, and d. a calibrator comprising a known amount of a substance selected from the group consisting of methylenedioxy designer amphetamines. The kit of claim 7, wherein said sample is urine. The kit of claim 8, wherein said substance is 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). A kit for conducting an assay for the determination of an analyte selected from the group consisting of amphetamine, methamphetamine, and methylenedioxy designer amphetamines in a biological sample comprising in packaged combination: a. an antibody selected from the group consisting of antibodies specific for amphetamine and having cross-reactivity with amphetamine analogues of methylenedioxyphenylalkylamine and antibodies specific for methamphetamine and having cross-reactivity with amphetamine analogues of methylenedioxyphenylalkylamine, b. a complex comprising a ligand of amphetamine or an amphetamine derivative coupled to a labeling moiety, and c. a calibrator comprising a known amount of a substance selected from the group consisting of methylenedioxy designer amphetamines. The kit of claim 10, wherein said sample is urine. The kit of claim 11, wherein said substance is 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA).
Anspruch[fr]
Procédé pour déterminer un analyte choisi parmi le groupe constitué d'amphétamine, de méthamphétamine, et de méthylènedioxyamphétamines de synthèse dans un échantillon biologique, comprenant les étapes de : a. combiner un échantillon suspecté de contenir ledit analyte avec un premier anticorps spécifique pour une amphétamine et ayant une réactivité croisée avec des analogues d'amphétamine de méthylènedioxyphénylalkylamine, un second anticorps spécifique pour une méthamphétamine et ayant une réactivité croisée avec des analogues d'amphétamine de méthylènedioxyphénylalkylamine, et un complexe comprenant un ligand dudit analyte couplé à un groupement de marquage, b. mesurer la présence ou la quantité dudit complexe qui reste lié ou non lié auxdits anticorps à la suite du déplacement compétitif par ledit analyte, et c. comparer la présence ou la quantité dudit complexe mesuré dans l'étape (b) avec la présence ou la quantité d'un complexe similaire mesuré dans un échantillon de référence contenant une quantité connue d'une substance choisie parmi le groupe constitué de méthylènedioxyamphétamines de synthèse, ledit échantillon de référence étant traité conformément aux étapes (a) et (b). Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit échantillon est de l'urine. Procédé selon la revendication 2, dans lequel ladite substance est de la 3,4-méthylènedioxyméthamphétamine (MDMA). Procédé pour déterminer un analyte choisi parmi le groupe constitué d'amphétamine, de méthamphétamine, et de méthylènedioxyamphétamines de synthèse dans un échantillon biologique, comprenant les étapes de : a. combiner un échantillon suspecté de contenir ledit analyte avec un anticorps choisi parmi le groupe constitué d'anticorps spécifiques pour une amphétamine et ayant une réactivité croisée avec des analogues d'amphétamine de méthylènedioxyphénylalkylamine et d'anticorps spécifiques pour une méthamphétamine et ayant une réactivité croisée avec des analogues d'amphétamine de méthylènedioxyphénylalkylamine, et, en outre, avec un complexe comprenant un ligand dudit analyte couplé à un groupement de marquage, b. mesurer la présence ou la quantité dudit complexe qui reste lié ou non lié audit anticorps à la suite du déplacement compétitif par ledit analyte, et c. comparer la présence ou la quantité dudit complexe mesuré dans l'étape (b) avec la présence ou la quantité d'un complexe similaire mesuré dans un échantillon de référence contenant une quantité connue d'une substance choisie parmi le groupe constitué de méthylènedioxyamphétamines de synthèse, ledit échantillon de référence étant traité conformément aux étapes (a) et (b). Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel ledit échantillon est de l'urine. Procédé selon la revendication 5, dans lequel ladite substance est de la 3,4-méthylènedioxyméthamphétamine (MDMA). Trousse destinée à la mise en oeuvre d'un essai de détermination d'un analyte choisi parmi le groupe constitué d'amphétamine, de méthamphétamine, et de méthylènedioxyamphétamines de synthèse dans un échantillon biologique comprenant dans un assortiment emballé : a. un premier anticorps spécifique pour une amphétamine et ayant une réactivité croisée avec des analogues d'amphétamine de méthylènedioxyphénylalkylamine, b. un second anticorps spécifique pour une méthamphétamine et ayant une réactivité croisée avec des analogues d'amphétamine de méthylènedioxyphénylalkylamine, c. un complexe comprenant un ligand d'amphétamine ou un dérivé d'amphétamine couplés à un groupement de marquage, et d. un dispositif d'étalonnage comprenant une quantité connue d'une substance choisie parmi le groupe constitué de méthylènedioxyamphétamines de synthèse. Trousse selon la revendication 7, dans laquelle ledit échantillon est de l'urine. Trousse selon la revendication 8, dans laquelle ladite substance est de la 3,4-méthylènedioxymétamphétamine (MDMA). Trousse destinée à la mise en oeuvre d'un essai de détermination d'un analyte choisi parmi le groupe constitué d'amphétamine, de méthamphétamine, et de méthylènedioxyamphétamines de synthèse dans un échantillon biologique comprenant dans un assortiment emballé : a. un anticorps choisi parmi le groupe constitué d'anticorps spécifiques pour une amphétamine et ayant une réactivité croisée avec des analogues d'amphétamine de méthylènedioxyphénylalkylamine et d'anticorps spécifiques pour une méthamphétamine et ayant une réactivité croisée avec des analogues d'amphétamine de méthylènedioxyphénylalkylamine. b. un complexe comprenant un ligand d'amphétamine ou un dérivé d'amphétamine couplés à un groupement de marquage, et c. un dispositif d'étalonnage comprenant une quantité connue d'une substance choisie parmi le groupe constitué de méthylènedioxyamphétamines de synthèse. Trousse selon la revendication 10, dans laquelle ledit échantillon est de l'urine. Trousse selon la revendication 11, dans laquelle ladite substance est de la 3,4-méthylènedioxyméthamphétamine (MDMA).






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