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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0768164 14.03.2002
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0768164
Titel Gekühlte und geteilte Gewindeeinsätze zum Spritzgiessen von Vorformlingen
Anmelder Gellert, Jobst Ulrich, Georgetown, Ontario, CA
Erfinder Gellert, Jobst Ulrich, Georgetown, Ontario, CA
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69618888
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, IE, IT, LI, LU, NL, PT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 11.10.1996
EP-Aktenzeichen 961163474
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 16.04.1997
EP date of grant 30.01.2002
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 14.03.2002
IPC-Hauptklasse B29C 49/64
IPC-Nebenklasse B29C 49/48   B29C 45/73   

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates generally to injection molding and more particularly to cooled thread split inserts used in injection molding bottle preforms of polyethylene terephthalate (PET).

Using a pair of thread split inserts in a mold to form the threaded neck portion of a PET bottle preform is well known as described and shown on a Project Report prepared by Unitech Engineered Products entitled "High Performance Preform Tool Set with Real-time Closed Loop Mold Monitoring". In addition to the threads, the neck portion of the preform has a circumferential ring collar which is also utilized in ejecting the preform from the mold. It is imperative that the neck portion of the preform be adequately cooled prior to ejection and thus the cooling rate of the neck portion is a major factor in determining minimum cycle time, see JP-A-57 084 825. As these preforms are molded in extremely large quantities, having a minimum molding cycle time is extremely critical to commercial viability. It has been found that the relatively slow cooling rate provided by existing thread split inserts is a major factor in preventing cycle time being reduced.

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to at least partially overcome the disadvantages of the prior art by providing thread split inserts with improved cooling capability.

To this end, the invention provides a pair of thread split inserts used in injection molding elongated hollow bottle preforms, each preform having a neck portion with an outer surface forming a ring collar and threads extending between an open end and the ring collar, each thread split insert having a rear end and first and second flat inner aligned faces extending on opposite sides of a curved inner surface, the thread split inserts to be mounted together in a mold with the respective flat inner surfaces of the thread split inserts abutting wherein the curved inner surfaces of the thread split inserts combine to form an opening therethrough shaped to mold the outer surface of the neck portion of the preform, each thread split insert having a semicircular groove to form the ring collar and a thread portion extending between the semicircular groove and the rear end to form the threads, the improvement wherein each thread split insert has an enclosed conduit with a predetermined configuration for circulating cooling fluid through the thread split insert, the cooling fluid conduit having an inlet portion and an outlet portion extending close together midway around the curved inner surface, a first curved portion extending around the curved inner surface from the inlet portion to a first longitudinal portion near the first flat inner aligned face, a second curved portion extending around the curved inner surface from the first longitudinal portion to a second longitudinal portion near the second flat inner aligned face, and a third curved portion extending around the curved inner surface from the second longitudinal portion to the outlet portion.

Further embodiments of the invention will appear from the following description taken together with the accompanying drawings and the claims.

  • Figure 1 is an isometric view showing a bottle preform and a pair of thread split inserts according to a preferred embodiment of the invention,
  • Figure 2 is a plan view of the pair of thread split inserts mounted together in the molding position,
  • Figure 3 is a sectional view along line 3-3 in Figure 2,
  • Figure 4 is a sectional view along line 4-4 in Figure 2, and
  • Figure 5 is a schematic view showing the configuration of the cooling fluid conduit in each of the thread split inserts.

Reference is first made to Figure 1 which shows a bottle preform 10 and a pair of thread split inserts 12, 14 according to a preferred embodiment of the invention. As can be seen, the bottle preform 10 is hollow and is elongated to a selected length. It is injection molded of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) according to a conventional injection molding cycle in a mold which is also conventional except for the cooling fluid conduits provided in the thread split inserts 12, 14 according to the invention as described below.

The bottle preform has an elongated cylindrical portion 16 extending from a neck portion 18. As is well known, the cylindrical portion 16 is later enlarged by stretching and then blow molding to form a beverage bottle. The neck portion 18 has an outer surface 20 which forms a cylindrical ring collar 22 and threads 24 extending between the ring collar 22 and the open end 26 and may include a slightly tapered portion 28 as shown. After the preform 10 is stretch-blow molded and the resulting bottle is filled with a suitable beverage, a removable threaded cap (not shown) is screwed onto the threads 24 to close the bottle. The ring collar 22 is normally in the stretch-blow molding process, but also is used to assist in ejecting the preform 10 from the core.

Each of the pair of steel thread split inserts 12, 14 has a rear end 30 and a pair of flat aligned inner faces 32, 34 extending on opposite sides of a curved inner surface 36. The curved surface 36 is generally semicircular except it has an outwardly extending semicircular groove 38 and a thread portion 40 extending between the semicircular groove 38 and the rear end 30.

As seen in Figures 2, 3 and 4, when the pair of thread split inserts 12, 14 are mounted together in the rest of the mold they are secured tightly together by the tapered flange portions 42, 44 at both ends being engaged by the rest of the mold (not shown). In this position, the matching flat inner faces 32, 34 abut and the curved inner surfaces 36 of the pair of thread split inserts 12, 14 combine to form an opening 46 extending therethrough to mold the outer surface 20 of the neck portion 18 of the preform 10. Of course, during molding an elongated cylindrical core (not shown) extends through this opening 46 to form the inner surface 48 of the preform 10.

The thread split inserts 12, 14 are each made of steel with an enclosed conduit 50 for circulating a cooling fluid such as water. While each thread split insert 12, 14 has a separate cooling fluid conduit 50, the combination of the two conduits 50 in a pair of thread split inserts 12, 14 provides a nearly uniform distribution of cooling around the opening 46 in which the cavity is partially formed.

Reference is now made to Figure 5 in describing the configuration of the enclosed cooling fluid conduit 50 in each mold split according to the invention. The cooling fluid circulates through the cooling fluid conduit 50 in the direction indicated by the arrows. In this embodiment, the cooling fluid conduit 50 has an inlet portion 52 extending from an inlet 54 at the rear end 30 and an outlet portion 56 extending to an outlet 58 at the rear end 30. The inlet and outlet portions 52, 56 extend relatively close together midway around the curved inner surface 36. As can be seen, a first curved portion 60 extends around the curved surface 36 from the inlet portion 52 to a first longitudinal portion 62 which extends rearwardly near the first flat inner face 32. A second longer curved portion 64 extends around the curved inner surface 36 from the first longitudinal portion 62 to a second longitudinal portion 66 which extends forwardly near the second flat inner face 34. A third curved portion 68 then extends around the curved surface 36 to connect the second longitudinal portion 66 to the outlet portion 56. The cooling fluid conduit 50 is enclosed in the steel insert and the curved and longitudinal portions extend close to the curved inner surface 36 to provide maximum cooling around the opening 46 in which the cavity is partially formed. Of course, the curved portions 60, 64, 68 have the same center point as the curved inner surface 36 so they are equally spaced therefrom. As clearly seen in Figure 5, the first and third curved portions 60, 68 of the cooling fluid conduit 50 extend in a first common plane 70 and the second curved portion 64 of the cooling fluid conduit 50 extends in a second plane 72 extending substantially parallel to the first plane 70 of the first and third curved portions 60, 68.

In use in a multicavity mold, a number of pairs of thread split inserts 12, 14 according to the invention are mounted in a conventional mold. A supply of cooling water or other suitable cooling fluid is connected to the inlet 54 of each thread split insert to circulate through the cooling fluid conduit 50. Pressurized melt from a molding machine is then injected into the cavity partially formed the opening 46 through each pair of thread split inserts 12, 14 according to a predetermined injection cycle. After the cavities are full, injection pressure is held momentarily to pack and then released. After a short cooling period, the mold is opened to eject each preform 10. This is done by the preform 10 first being ejected from the core and the two thread split inserts 12, 14 are separated to drop the preform 10 onto a conveyor belt or cooling plate. Of course, this requires that the two thread split inserts 12, 14 be separated to release the ring collar 22 and threads 24 of the preform 10. After ejection, the mold is closed and injection pressure is reapplied to refill the cavity. Circulation of the cooling fluid in the separate cooling fluid conduits 50 which extend in the thread split inserts 12, 14 in two different planes 70, 72 around the opening 46 cools the neck portion 18 of the preform 10 more quickly and thus allows the injection cycle frequency to be increased.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Ein Paar von geteilten Gewindeeinsätzen (12,14), verwendet beim Spritzgießen langgestreckter hohler Flaschen-Vorformen (10), wobei jede Vorform einen Halsabschnitt (18) mit einer Außenoberfläche (20), die einen Ringkragen (22) und Gewindegänge (24) bildet, sich zwischen einem offenen Ende (26) und dem Ringkragen erstreckt, wobei jeder geteilte Gewindeeinsatz ein hinteres Ende (30) und eine erste und eine zweite Innenfläche (32,34) aufweist, die aufeinander ausgerichtet sind und sich auf gegenüberliegenden Seiten einer gekrümmten Innenoberfläche (36) erstrecken, wobei die geteilten Gewindeeinsätze zusammen in einer Form montiert werden sollen, wobei die jeweiligen flachen Innenflächen der geteilten Gewindeeinsätze aneinanderliegen, wobei die gekrümmten Innenoberflächen der geteilten Gewindeeinsätze miteinander kombiniert werden, um eine Durchgangsöffnung (46) zu bilden, die geformt ist, um die Außenoberfläche des Halsabschnittes der Vorform zu gießen, wobei jeder geteilte Gewindeeinsatz eine halbkreisförmige Nut (38) aufweist, um den Ringkragen (22) zu bilden, und ein Gewindeabschnitt, der sich zwischen der halbkreisförmigen Nut und dem hinteren Ende (30) erstreckt, um die Gewindegänge (24) zu bilden, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß

    jeder geteilte Gewindeeinsatz eine angeschlossene Leitung (50) mit einer vorbestimmten Konfiguration aufweist, um Kühlfluid durch den geteilten Gewindeeinsatz zu zirkulieren, wobei die Kühlfluidleitung aufweist einen Einlaßabschnitt (52) und einen Auslaßabschnitt (56), die sich eng beieinander in der Mitte rund um die gekrümmte Innenoberfläche (36) erstrecken, einen ersten gekrümmten Abschnitt (60), der sich rund um die gekrümmte Innenoberfläche (36) von dem Einlaßabschnitt (52) zu einem ersten Längsabschnitt (62) nahe der ersten flachen ausgerichteten Innenfläche (32) erstreckt, einen zweiten gekrümmten Abschnitt (64), der sich rund um die gekrümmte Innenoberfläche (36) von dem ersten Längsabschnitt (62) zu einem zweiten Längsabschnitt (66) nahe der zweiten flachen, ausgerichteten Innenfläche (34) erstreckt, und einen dritten gekrümmten Abschnitt (68), der sich rund um die gekrümmte Innenoberfläche (36) von dem zweiten Längsabschnitt (66) zu dem Auslaßabschnitt (56) erstreckt.
  2. Geteilter Spritzgieß-Gewindeeinsatz nach Anspruch 1, wobei der erste und dritte gekrümmte Abschnitt (60,68) der Kühlfluidleitung (50) sich in einer ersten gemeinsamen Ebene (70) erstreckt.
  3. Geteilter Spritzgieß-Gewindeeinsatz nach Anspruch 2, wobei der zweite gekrümmte Abschnitt (64) der Kühlfluidleitung sich in einer zweiten.Ebene (72) erstreckt, die sich im wesentlichen parallel zu der ersten gemeinsamen Ebene erstreckt.
  4. Geteilter Spritzgieß-Gewindeeinsatz nach Anspruch 3, wobei der Einlaß- und Auslaßabschnitt (52,56) der Kühlfluidleitung (50) sich von dem hinteren Ende des geteilten Gewindeeinsatzes erstreckt.
  5. Geteilter Spritzgieß-Gewindeeinsatz nach Anspruch 4, wobei die geteilten Gewindeeinsätze (12,14) aus Stahl gebildet sind.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A pair of thread split inserts (12, 14) used in injection molding elongated hollow bottle preforms (10), each preform having a neck portion (18) with an outer surface (20) forming a ring collar (22) and threads (24) extending between an open end (26) and the ring collar, each thread split insert having a rear end (30) and first and second flat inner aligned faces (32, 34) extending on opposite sides of a curved inner surface (36), the thread split inserts to be mounted together in a mold with the respective flat inner surfaces of the thread split inserts abutting wherein the curved inner surfaces of the thread split inserts combine to form an opening (46) therethrough shaped to mold the outer surface of the neck portion of the preform, each thread split insert having a semicircular groove (38) to form the ring collar (22) and a thread portion extending between the semicircular groove and the rear end (30) to form the threads 24, characterized in that

       each thread split insert has an enclosed conduit (50) with a predetermined configuration for circulating cooling fluid through the thread split insert, the cooling fluid conduit having an inlet portion (52) and an outlet portion (56) extending close together midway around the curved inner surface (36), a first curved portion (60) extending around the curved inner surface (36) from the inlet portion (52) to a first longitudinal portion (62) near the first flat inner aligned face (32), a second curved portion (64) extending around the curved inner surface (36) from the first longitudinal portion (62) to a second longitudinal portion (66) near the second flat inner aligned face (34), and a third curved portion (68) extending around the curved inner surface (36) from the second longitudinal portion (66) to the outlet portion (56).
  2. An injection molding thread split insert as claimed in claim 1 wherein the first and third curved portions (60, 68) of the cooling fluid conduit (50) extend in a first common plane 70.
  3. An injection molding thread split insert as claimed in claim 2 wherein the second curved portion (64) of the cooling fluid conduit extends in a second plane (72) extending substantially parallel to said first common plane.
  4. A injection molding thread split insert as claimed in claim 3 wherein the inlet and outlet portions (52, 56) of the cooling fluid conduit (50) extend from the rear end of the thread split insert.
  5. An injection molding thread split insert as claimed in claim 4 wherein the thread split inserts (12, 14) are formed of steel.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Une paire d'inserts de filetage divisés (12, 14) utilisés dans le moulage par injection de préformes oblongues (10) de bouteilles creuses, chaque préforme étant dotée d'une partie formant col (18) comportant une surface extérieure (20) constituant un collet annulaire (22) et des filets (24) qui s'étendent entre une extrémité ouverte (26) et le collet annulaire, chaque insert de filetage divisé comportant une extrémité arrière (30) et des première et seconde faces intérieures planes alignées (32, 34) qui s'étendent sur les côtés opposés d'une surface intérieure courbe (36), les inserts de filetage divisés étant destinés à être montés ensemble dans un moule, les surfaces intérieures planes respectives des inserts de filetage divisés venant en butée, les surfaces intérieures courbes (46) des inserts de filetage divisés se combinant pour réaliser entre elles une ouverture (46) dont la forme est destinée au moulage de la surface extérieure de la partie formant col de la préforme, chaque insert de filetage divisé comportant une rainure semi-circulaire (38) destinée à former le collet annulaire (22) et une partie filetée s'étendant entre la rainure semi-circulaire et l'extrémité arrière (30), destinée à former les filets (24), caractérisés en ce que

       chaque insert de filetage divisé renferme un conduit (50) présentant une configuration prédéterminée, destiné à la circulation d'un fluide de refroidissement traversant l'insert de filetage divisé, le conduit pour fluide de refroidissement comportant une partie d'entrée (52) et une partie de sortie (56) s'étendant tout près l'une de l'autre au milieu et autour de la surface intérieure courbe (36), une première partie courbe (60) s'étendant autour de la surface intérieure courbe (36) à partir de la partie d'entrée (52) jusqu'à une première partie longitudinale (62) située à proximité de la première face intérieure plane alignée (32) ; une seconde partie courbe (64) s'étendant autour de la surface intérieure courbe (36) à partir de la première partie longitudinale (62) jusqu'à la seconde partie longitudinale (66) située à proximité de la seconde face intérieure plane alignée (34) ; et une troisième partie courbe (68) s'étendant autour de la surface intérieure courbe (36) à partir de la seconde partie longitudinale (66) jusqu'à la partie de sortie (56).
  2. Insert de filetage divisé pour moulage par injection selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les première et troisième parties courbes (60, 68) du conduit (50) pour fluide de refroidissement s'étendent dans un premier plan commun (70).
  3. Insert de filetage divisé pour moulage par injection selon la revendication 2, dans lequel la deuxième partie courbe (64) du conduit pour fluide de refroidissement s'étend dans un deuxième plan (72) s'étendant sensiblement parallèlement audit premier plan commun.
  4. Insert de filetage divisé pour moulage par injection selon la revendication 3, dans lequel les parties d'entrée et de sortie (52, 56) du conduit (50) pour fluide de refroidissement s'étendent à partir de l'extrémité arrière de l'insert de filetage divisé.
  5. Insert de filetage divisé pour moulage par injection selon la revendication 4, dans lequel les inserts de filetage divisés (12, 14) sont réalisés en acier.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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