The present invention relates to a connection for connecting a measuring
device to a gas unit.
Such connections are generally known (see, for instance, US-A-2 881
Such a known connection is formed by a T-piece which is arranged
in a gas pipe and wherein a tap is incorporated in at least one of the connections
for the gas pipe, just as in the branch leading outward. To carry out a measurement
a measuring instrument can be connected onto the outward leading branch, whereafter
the tap present therein can be opened.
The other tap can be opened or closed depending on the type of measurement
to be performed.
Connecting of a measuring device to such a connection requires a
great deal of work, while the risk of erroneous measurement and of unsafe situations,
for instance during removal of the measuring device when a tap is open, is very
The object of the present invention is to provide such a connection
which requires fewer operations during connection and disconnection, and wherein
safety is ensured.
This object is achieved by such a connection, which comprises:
- a connecting element for arranging in the gas pipe which divides the gas pipe
into a first and a second piece;
- a connecting plug which can be coupled to the connecting element and which
is connected to the measuring device by means of a measuring line, wherein the
connecting element comprises a valve which is actuable by the connecting plug and
which normally mutually connects the first and the second piece of the gas pipe
and which, when the connecting plug is coupled to the connecting element, connects
the first piece of the gas pipe to the measuring line and closes the second piece
of the gas pipe.
As a result of these measures the valve is operated by the connecting
plug, so that opening and closing of taps is no longer necessary. The operation
of such a connection is therefore greatly simplified.
A perhaps even more important advantage lies in the fact that safety
is ensured, since when the connecting plug is removed the measuring line is automatically
It is important here that the connecting plug be inseparably connected
to the measuring device, which will take place in most cases by means of a hose.
The connecting plug is then connected by means of the cord to the measuring device
for instance by means of a pressure clip or other permanent connection.
A structurally attractive embodiment is created when the valve comprises
a valve body which is normally pressed against a first seat by a spring, whereby
the first gas pipe is sealed in relation to the measuring line and the first and
the second piece of the gas pipe are mutually joined; and that when the connecting
plug is coupled to the connecting element the body is moved off the first seat
onto the second seat by an actuating element mounted on the connecting plug, whereby
the first piece of the gas pipe is sealed relative to the second piece of the
gas pipe and the first piece of the gas pipe is connected to the measuring line.
This results in a simple, structurally attractive solution.
According to another embodiment the valve is adapted during coupling
of the connecting plug to initially break the connection between the first piece
and the second piece of the gas pipe and to subsequently couple the first piece
of the gas pipe to the measuring line.
This is the most desirable configuration for the most frequently
occurring types of measurement; the other configuration, wherein the first piece
of the gas pipe is initially coupled to the measuring line and the connection
between the first piece and the second piece of the gas pipe is subsequently broken,
is however in no way excluded from the invention; this may be advantageous for
A further attractive embodiment results when the connecting plug
can be fixed onto the connecting element by means of a screw thread. A screw thread
does after all result in a connection which is always firm, wherein it is not
necessary to apply much force. The danger of such a connection becoming disconnected
is virtually precluded.
According to yet another preferred embodiment the connecting plug
comprises a sleeve which is provided with screw thread and which is rotatable relative
to the measuring line. This enables arranging of the screw connection by rotating
the sleeve, wherein the measuring line does not have to co-rotate.
The measure of claim 6 therefore results in a structurally attractive
The option of the screw thread on the connecting element being external
provides the possibility of applying sufficient force to the connecting plug when
it is being arranged on the connecting element; it is then not necessary to arrange
a separate component on the connecting plug in order to transfer the force of
the user onto the screw thread.
According to the invention a closure cap can further be screwed onto
the connecting element in order on the one hand to protect the screw thread thereof
during for instance painting operations, while such a closure cap can on the other
hand be provided with an indicator element for indicating the position of the
valve. This provides additional safety, since if the valve were not to return to
its original position this would be indicated by the indicator element.
Other possible attractive preferred embodiments are stated in the
The present invention will be elucidated hereinbelow with reference
to the annexed figures, in which:
- figure 1 shows a perspective view of a situation in which the connection according
to the present invention is applied;
- figure 2 shows a cross-sectional view of a connecting element according to
the present invention;
- figure 3 shows a cross-sectional view of a connecting plug according to the
present invention; and
- figure 4 shows a cross-sectional view of a closure cap with indicator according
to the present invention.
As shown in figure 1, a connecting element 1 according to the present
invention divides a gas pipe into a first piece 3 and a second piece 2.
Screwed onto connecting element 1 is a connecting plug 4 which is
connected by means of a hose 5 to a measuring instrument 6. Hose 5 is fixedly connected
to both connecting plug 4 and to measuring instrument 6. This latter is provided
with a cover 7 in which is arranged a stopper 8 onto which connecting plug 4 can
be screwed when measuring instrument 6 is not in use.
The construction of connecting element 1 will be further elucidated
below with reference to figure 2. Connecting element 1 is formed by a substantially
cylindrical body 9 in which diverse bores are arranged, including a first bore
10 for connection to the second piece 2 of the gas pipe and a second bore 11 for
connection to the first piece 3 of the gas pipe. Screw thread is arranged in these
bores for connection to both pieces 2,3 of the gas pipe.
A central bore 12 is further arranged which is provided in the middle
with a recessed portion 13 so that a valve seat 14 is formed. A further number
of connecting channels are also arranged which are of less importance to the invention
and the position of which is shown clearly in the drawing.
Into the upper part is screwed a cylindrical body with a bore 15,
whereby a bore is per se made. Into the thus formed structure is arranged a valve
body 17 which is movable in axial direction. Valve body 17 comprises a shoulder
18 and a pin 19 which serves to guide the valve body. Arranged around pin 19 is
a spring 20 which urges the valve body to the position shown in figure 2. In this
position the bore 16 is closed and bores 10,11 are mutually connected by means
of the relevant channels. Shoulder 18 herein has the function of bounding the
stroke of the valve body resulting from the spring pressure. Sealing rings 21 are
arranged to improve sealing.
Conversely, when the valve body is moved to the other position the
valve body 17 will close bore 10 relative to bore 11 by means of sealing ring 14.
Bore 11 is also connected to bore 16 because valve body 17 moves so far downward
that a passage is created between bore 12 and bore 16.
The axial length of valve body 17 is chosen such that in the shown
embodiment the bore 10 is closed before bore 11 is connected to bore 16. A reverse
sequence can be achieved with a different dimensioning of the components.
Figure 3 shows a connecting plug 22. This comprises a sleeve-like
body 23 which is connected by means of a rolling bearing 24 to a cylindrical body
25. Both components 23 and 25 are locked relative to each other by means of a
locking ring 26, wherein mutual rotation is possible as a result of rolling bearing
24. A bore 27 is arranged in cylindrical body 25, while a protrusion 28 is also
arranged which is provided with a recessed bore 29. Continuous bores 30 are further
arranged in a chamfered end face of the protrusion.
The inner side of the sleeve is further provided with internal screw
thread 31. This corresponds with the external screw thread 32 arranged on the outer
side of body 9.
When the connecting plug is screwed onto the connecting element by
means of screw thread 31,32 the protrusion 28 will cause valve body 17 to move
counter to the spring pressure of spring 20 to the second position, thus effecting
the desired situation. The gas in bore 11 can herein reach bore 27 via inter alia
openings 30. The different cross-sections are for instance dimensioned such that
the required measurements can be carried out.
A reliable, safe and structurally attractive connection is thus obtained.
It will be apparent that the connection can be manufactured from
diverse materials. It is important to prevent corrosion and other adverse effects
by manufacturing the connection in for instance stainless steel or aluminium.
In the latter case an additional surface treatment is necessary. Finally, the present
invention provides a closure cap 33 which can be screwed onto connecting element
1. Similarly to connecting plug 22, closure cap 33 comprises a substantially sleeve-like
body 34 which is provided on its inner side with screw thread 31. In the end face
is arranged a bore into which an indicator element is arranged in the form of a
pin 35. This pin 35 is provided on the outside with a shoulder 36 and a nut 37
is screwed onto the pin on its inside for fixation purposes. When closure cap 33
is screwed onto a connecting element 1 the pin 35 indicates the position of the
valve body and therefore the fact of whether the connection for the measuring instrument
is opened or closed. It is noted here that also in a horizontal axial position
of the connection an unsafe situation is in any case indicated by inward movement
of pin 35.