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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0904188 19.09.2002
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0904188
Titel VERFAHREN UND VORRICHTUNG ZUM KÜHLEN VON EXTRUDIERTEN HOHLEN GEGENSTÄNDEN
Anmelder Uponor Innovation AB, Fristad, SE
Erfinder KIRJAVAINEN, Kari, FIN-02320 Espoo, FI;
JÄRVENKYLÄ, Jyri, FIN-15870 Hollola, FI
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69714731
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, NL, PT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 17.04.1997
EP-Aktenzeichen 979173200
WO-Anmeldetag 17.04.1997
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/FI97/00237
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0009738844
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 23.10.1997
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 31.03.1999
EP date of grant 14.08.2002
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 19.09.2002
IPC-Hauptklasse B29C 47/88

Beschreibung[en]

The invention relates to a method for cooling an extruded hollow product, in which method the product is cooled from the inside of the product by sucking air through it, whereupon the air is in contact with the inner surface of the product thus cooling it.

The invention further relates to an arrangement for cooling an extruded hollow product, the arrangement comprising an extruder and means arranged to suck air through the product in such a way that the air cools the product from the inside.

US 3,613,162 discloses an extruder comprising a conduit placed inside a mandrel. A cooling fluid is supplied to the conduit for cooling the mandrel and for cooling the extruded pipe, by means of the mandrel, from the interior of the pipe. However, the cooling of the pips is inefficient, since the mandrel has to be cooled first. Further, the structure of the arrangement is cumbersome, expensive and consumes considerable amounts of energy.

DE 2,519,705 discloses an extruder where a calibration means is placed inside the pipe after the nozzle, and a cooling medium is fed into the calibration means, whereupon the pipe can be calibrated from the inside and it is simultaneously cooled. The internal calibrator is followed by an external calibrator, which is also arranged to calibrate and simultaneously cool the plastic pipe. Also in this case, the cooling of the pipe is inefficient, since the cooling medium cools first the calibration means and only then the pipe. Further, the structure of this arrangement is cumbersome and therefore expensive and complicated. Also, all the energy used for heating and cooling is wasted.

EP 0,079,104 discloses an equipment comprising means for sucking gas through a pipe to be extruded in order to cool the pipe. The equipment is arranged to suck air via a conduit placed in the middle of the mandrel, and the air is conducted from the conduit via a duct that is transverse to the conduit through the housing of the extruder. This arrangement produces a weld line in the product to be extruded. Further, the thermal energy of the pipe and the cooling means is completely wasted.

US patent 5,028,376 discloses an equipment wherein a funnel-shaped blowing apparatus is placed in the middle of the extruder and produces an air flow when pressurized gas is supplied to the apparatus. As a result of the air flow, cooling air passes along the inner surface of the pipe and cools it, and heated air is discharged from the middle of the pipe. The equipment is complicated and cumbersome, and the method can only be used in pipes with a large diameter. The equipment also cools the extruder to some extent from the middle, but the cooling flow of air only circulates near the end of the extruder, wherefore the extruder is not cooled effectively. It is also difficult to place the apparatus in the middle of the extruder. Further, all the thermal energy of the pipe and the cooling apparatus is wasted.

Document DE 24 55 779 discloses a method and an arrangement for cooling an extruded hollow product where the air is sucked through the product and where the air is conducted through the extruder.

The purpose of the present invention is to provide a method and an arrangement which comprise none of the aforementioned problems and with which cooling can be realized in a simple manner and with low total costs.

In the method according to claim 1 the air sucked through the product is further conducted through the extruder without being conducted through the material forming the wall of the product so that the extruder is also simultaneously cooled.

Further, the arrangement according to claim 9 where the air sucked through the product is arranged to flow through the extruder, and that is characterized in that the air is not conducted through the material forming the wall of the product.

The essential idea of the invention is that the extruder comprises a blower by means of which air can be sucked through the product to be extruded, whereupon the air is in contact with the inner surface of the product simultaneously cooling the pipe from the inside. The air is sucked through the extruder. A further idea is that the heat of the air sucked with the blower is utilized for example by conducting the air into the material that is to be supplied, whereupon the heated air that has been sucked through the product emits heat for warming the material to be supplied to the exturder. The idea of a preferred embodiment is that a cooling element is also placed outside the pipe, whereupon the pipe is simultaneously cooled from both the outside and the inside.

The invention has the advantage that the pipe extruded with the extruder can be cooled in an efficient and simple manner. When the air is sucked through the extruder, the product contains no weld lines and the extruder can also be cooled effectively from the inside. By feeding the air that has been sucked through the pipe for example into the material to be supplied to the extruder, the thermal energy that would otherwise be entirely wasted can be recovered for a useful purpose. The heating of the material to be supplied also increases the yield of the extruder, since heated material can be used. By cooling the extruded pipe simultaneously from the outside and the inside, the section where the cooling takes place can be made shorter, since the cooling is effective. Due to the simultaneous cooling from the outside and the inside, the residual stresses remain small. Also, the sawing waste produced when the pipe is cut can be recovered with the apparatus according to the invention and conducted back into the material to be supplied for use.

The invention will be described in greater detail in the accompanying drawings, in which

  • Figure 1 shows schematically an arrangement according to the invention,
  • Figure 2 is a schematic side view, in cross-section, of a detail of another arrangement according to the invention, and
  • Figure 3 is a schematic side view, in cross-section, of a detail of a third arrangement according to the invention.

Figure 1 shows an extruder 1. The extruder produces a pipe 2, a film or some other hollow product. When the pipe 2 exits the extruder 1, it is rather hot, wherefore a cooling basin 3 is placed to cool it from the outside. The cooling basin 3 thus cools the pipe 2 from the outside for example by means of water. The use of other cooling mediums is also possible. The structures of the extruder 1 and the cooling basin 3 are fully known to a person skilled in the art, wherefore they will not be discussed in greater detail in this connection.

The plastic material 4 required for manufacturing the pipe 2 is supplied to the extruder 1 for example with a feeding hopper 8. The plastic material 4 may be for example plastic granulate or a plastic material that is in some other suitable form in a manner known per se. Further, the material can be supplied to the extruder with feed screws or in some other manner known per se, instead of with the feeding hopper 8.

The arrangement further comprises a blower 6. The blower 6 is connected to a connecting pipe 5 in such a way that air is sucked along the connecting pipe 5 with the blower 6. The connecting pipe 5 is further connected to the pipe 2, whereupon air can be sucked through the pipe 2 with the blower 6. The air is discharged from the pipe 2 to the connecting pipe 5 and finally to an outlet pipe 7. The outlet pipe 7 is in turn placed inside the feeding hopper 8 and the plastic material 4, whereupon air can be conducted into the plastic material 4. The air to be sucked into the plastic pipe 2 can be at room temperature, in which case it is considerably cooler than the surface of the plastic pipe, however. During its flow through the plastic pipe 2 the air warms up, and this heated air is conducted along the connecting pipe 5 to the outlet pipe 7 and through the plastic material 4, whereupon the heated air warms the plastic material 4. The walls of the outlet pipe 7 are preferably perforated, whereupon heated air can flow via these openings to the feeding hopper 8, i.e. the heated air is evenly mixed with the material 4. The arrows in the accompanying figure illustrate the flows of air.

At the cooling basin 3, the pipe 2 is subjected to cooling simultaneously from the outside and the inside. The pipe therefore cools effectively and will not contain great residual stresses.

With the arrangement it is possible to supply warm air to the plastic material 4, whereupon the plastic material warms up and the yield of the extruder can be increased. The sawing waste produced in cutting the pipe can also be recovered and supplied back to the plastic material 4 for a further use. Also, with the arrangement it is possible to recover heat that is generated in the extruder 1 during the manufacture of the pipe 2. The tests that have been conducted have shown that in order to recover thermal energy of about 10 kW, the power of the blower 6 has to be typically about 1 kW. The tests have also shown that typically about 25% of the thermal energy can be recovered.

Figure 2 is a schematic side view, in cross-section, of a detail of a second arrangement according to the invention. The numerals of Figure 2 correspond to the numerals in Figure 1. The extruder 1 comprises an outer stator 10 and an inner stator 11 and a conical rotor 12 placed rotatably between the stators. At the conical rotor 12, at least the inner surface of the outer stator 10 and the outer surface of the inner stator 11 are conical. The rotor 12 comprises screw-shaped grooves, which are not shown in Figure 2 for the sake of clarity, whereupon during its rotation the rotor 12 supplies plastic material out of the extruder 1 by means of the grooves. In the middle of the above-described supply means, there is a hollow stationary mandrel 9 that comprises cooling means, such as water circulation, for cooling the inner surface of the pipe 2, whereupon the inner surface of the pipe 2 can be cooled thinly with the mandrel 9 so that the inner surface of the pipe 2 can be made smooth. The end of the mandrel 9 is made round from the inside so that substantially no turbulence that slows down the flow is formed in the air to be sucked. In the case of Figure 2, the air can be sucked through the mandrel 9 and the pipe 2 from the middle of the extruder 1 provided with the conical supply means. No weld lines are then formed in the product to be extruded, and the extruder can simultaneously be cooled efficiently from the inside. The cooling apparatus according to the invention can also be utilized in the adjustment of the surplus heat of the extruder together with the heating resistors of the stators. Especially when materials having a high molecular weight are processed, for example when pipes of cross-linked polyethylene are prepared, the weld line and the overheating of the extruder due to the strong friction are especially great problems. With the arrangement according to the invention, when the exturder is continuously cooled from the inside, the temperature of the extruder can be reduced sufficiently and adjusted exactly to the correct level by means of the heating resistors. There may naturally be more than one conical rotor 12 and only one or more than two stators 10 and 11. Further, the stator may be provided either outside or inside the rotor or between two rotors.

Figure 3 is a schematic side view, in cross-section, of a detail of a third arrangement according to the invention. The numerals of Figure 3 correspond to those of Figures 1 and 2. Inside the extruder 1 there is also a water pipe 13 in addition to the air passage. The water pipe 13 is used to conduct water to cool the inner surface of the pipe 2. Water is sprayed to the inner surface of the pipe 2 with nozzles 14. The nozzles 14 are most preferably formed in such a way that they can spray to the inner surface of the pipe 2 water fog that cools the pipe 2 very effectively. The nozzles for producing the water fog may be for example of the type described in WO 92/20453. In such a case, the amount of the water to be used is not too great, either. Air can be sucked through the pipe 2 and the extruder 1 either with a separate blower or by directing the sprays diagonally towards the extruder 1 so that the sprays produce a flow of air. The water pipe 13 may also be provided, if required, with associated optional means for conducting air or pressurized air to the nozzles 14, or other similar means. The water pipe 13 and the nozzles 14 may be movable in the axial direction in order to select the optimum point of cooling. Further, there may also be nozzles 14 in several different points of the water pipe 13 in the axial direction.

The drawings and the description related thereto are only intended to illustrate the inventive idea. The details of the invention may vary within the scope of the claims. Therefore, heat may also be transferred from the cooling air to the feeding hopper 8 by means of, for example, a heating pump. In such a case, the thermal energy of the pump itself could also be advantageously transferred to the feeding hopper 8 to be mixed with the plastic material 4. Further, the hanging up of the plastic in the feeding hopper 8 can be prevented in a simple and effective manner in such a way that the blower 6 which produces a great deal of vibration energy is mechanically fastened to the feeding hopper 8.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Verfahren zum Kühlen eines extrudierten hohlen Gegenstands (2), bei dem Luft durch den Gegenstand (2) gesaugt wird, woraufhin die Luft in Kontakt mit der Innenfläche des Gegenstands (2) ist, und bei dem die durch den Gegenstand gesaugte Luft weiter durch den Extruder (1) geführt wird, ohne dass die Luft durch den Werkstoff, der die Wandung des Gegenstands (2) bildet, geführt wird, so dass der Extruder (1) auch gleichzeitig gekühlt wird.
  2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Wärmeenergie der durch den Gegenstand (2) gesaugten Warmluft wiedergewonnen und für den weiteren Gebrauch weitergeleitet wird.
  3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der dem Extruder (1) zuzuführende Werkstoff (4) mit Hilfe der Wärmeenergie der Luft, die durch den Gegenstand gesaugt wurde, erwärmt wird.
  4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Warmluft, die durch den Gegenstand gesaugt wurde, in den dem Extruder (1) zuzuführenden Werkstoff (4) eingeleitet wird.
  5. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Gegenstände (2) weiter von innen gekühlt werden, indem Wassernebel auf die Innenfläche des Gegenstands gesprüht wird.
  6. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Extruder (1) mindestens einen Stator (10, 11) und mindestens einen drehbaren, konischen Rotor (12) aufweist, woraufhin der Stator (10, 11) mindestens am Rotor (12) konisch ist, woraufhin der Stator (10, 11) und der Rotor (12) die Zuführeinrichtung des Extruders darstellen, und dass die den Gegenstand kühlende Luft im Wesentlichen von der Mitte der Zuführeinrichtung durch den Extruder (1) gesaugt wird.
  7. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass zusätzlich zu der inneren Kühlung der Gegenstand (2) auch von außen gekühlt wird.
  8. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sich im Inneren des Gegenstands (2) ein Formkern (9) befindet, der eine Kühlvorrichtung aufweist, so dass die Innenfläche des Gegenstands dünn mit dem Formkern (9) gekühlt wird.
  9. Anordnung zum Kühlen eines extrudierten, hohlen Gegenstands (2), welche einen Extruder (1) und eine Vorrichtung aufweist, die so angeordnet ist, dass sie Luft so durch Gegenstand saugt, dass die Luft den Gegenstand von innen kühlt, wobei die durch den Gegenstand gesaugte Luft durch den Extruder (1) strömt, und dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Luft nicht durch den Werkstoff geführt wird, der die Wandung des Gegenstands (2) bildet.
  10. Anordnung nach Anspruch 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Extruder (1) mindestens einen Stator (10, 11) und mindestens einen drehbaren, konischen Rotor (12) aufweist, woraufhin der Stator (10, 11) mindestens am Rotor (12) konisch ist, woraufhin der Stator (10, 11) und der Rotor (12) die Zuführeinrichtung des Extruders (1) darstellen, und dass die Anordnung eine Vorrichtung zum Ansaugen von Luft durch den Extruder (1) im Wesentlichen von der Mitte der Zuführeinrichtung aufweist.
  11. Anordnung nach Anspruch 9 oder 10, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Anordnung eine Vorrichtung zur Wiedergewinnung der Wärmeenergie der Luft, die durch den Gegenstand gesaugt wurde, aufweist.
  12. Anordnung nach Anspruch 11, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Anordnung eine Vorrichtung zum Weiterleiten der Wärmeenergie der Luft, die durch den Gegenstand gesaugt wurde, in den dem Extruder (1) zuzuführenden Werkstoff (4) aufweist.
  13. Anordnung nach Anspruch 12, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Anordnung eine Vorrichtung zum Weiterleiten der Luft, die durch den Gegenstand gesaugt wurde, in den dem Extruder (1) zuzuführenden Werkstoff (4) aufweist.
  14. Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 9 bis 12, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Anordnung ein Wasserrohr (13) und darin befindliche Düsen (14) zum Sprühen von Wassernebel in das Innere des Gegenstands aufweist, um den Gegenstand zu kühlen.
  15. Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 9 bis 14, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Anordnung eine Vorrichtung zum Kühlen des Rohrs von außen aufweist.
  16. Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 9 bis 15, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Extruder (1) einen hohlen Formkern (9) aufweist, der eine Vorrichtung zum Kühlen des Gegenstands von innen aufweist.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A method for cooling an extruded hollow product (2), in which method air is sucked through the product (2), whereupon the air is in contact with the inner surface of the product (2), and in which method the air sucked through the product is further conducted through the extruder (1) without conducting the air through the material forming the wall of the product (2) so that the extruder (1) is also simultaneously cooled.
  2. A method according to claim 1, characterized in that the thermal energy of the heated air sucked through the product (2) is recovered and conducted for further use.
  3. A method according to claim 2, characterized in that the material (4) to be supplied to the extruder (1) is heated by means of the thermal energy of the air that has been sucked through the product.
  4. A method according to claim 3, characterized in that the heated air that has been sucked through the product is conducted into the material (4) to be supplied to the extruder (1).
  5. A method according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the product (2) is further cooled from the inside by spraying water fog to the inner surface of the product.
  6. A method according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the extruder (1) comprises at least one stator (10, 11) and at least one rotatable conical rotor (12), whereupon the stator (10, 11) is conical at least at the rotor (12), whereupon the stator (10, 11) and the rotor (12) constitute the supply means of the extruder, and that the air cooling the product is sucked through the extruder (1) substantially from the middle of said supply means.
  7. A method according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that in addition to the interior cooling, the product (2) is also cooled from the exterior.
  8. A method according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that inside the product (2) there is a mandrel (9) comprising cooling means, so that the inner surface of the product is cooled thinly with the mandrel (9).
  9. An arrangement for cooling an extruded hollow product (2), the arrangement comprising an extruder (1) and means arranged to suck air through the product in such a way that the air cools the product from the inside, the air sucked through the product being arranged to flow through the extruder (1) and characterized in that the air is not conducted through the material forming the wall of the product (2).
  10. An arrangement according to claim 9, characterized in that the extruder (1) comprises at least one stator (10, 11) and at least one rotatable conical rotor (12), whereupon the stator (10, 11) is conical at least at the rotor (12), whereupon the stator (10, 11) and the rotor (12) constitute the supply means of the extruder (1), and that the arrangement comprises means for sucking air through the extruder (1) substantially from the middle of said supply means.
  11. An arrangement according to claim 9 or 10, characterized in that the arrangement comprises means for recovering the thermal energy of the air that has been sucked through the product.
  12. An arrangement according to claim 11, characterized in that the arrangement comprises means for conducting the thermal energy of the air that has been sucked through the product into the material (4) to be supplied to the extruder (1).
  13. An arrangement according to claim 12, characterized in that the arrangement comprises means for conducting the air that has been sucked through the product into the material (4) to be supplied to the extruder (1).
  14. An arrangement according to any one of claims 9 to 12, characterized in that the arrangement comprises a water pipe (13) and nozzles (14) placed therein for spraying water fog inside the product in order to cool the product
  15. An arrangement according to any one of claims 9 to 14, characterized in that the arrangement comprises means for cooling the pipe from the outside.
  16. An arrangement according to any one of claims 9 to 15, characterized in that the extruder (1) is provided with a hollow mandrel (9) comprising means for cooling the product from the inside.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Procédé de refroidissement d'un produit creux extrudé (2), dans lequel de l'air est aspiré à travers le produit (2), de telle sorte que l'air se trouve en contact avec la surface interne du produit (2), et dans lequel l'air aspiré à travers le produit est, en outre, acheminé à travers l'extrudeuse (1) sans acheminer l'air à travers le matériau formant la paroi du produit (2) de telle sorte que l'extrudeuse (1) est aussi refroidie simultanément.
  2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que l'énergie thermique de l'air chauffé, aspiré à travers le produit (2), est récupérée et acheminée pour une autre utilisation.
  3. Procédé selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que le matériau (4) à fournir à l'extrudeuse (1) est chauffé au moyen de l'énergie thermique de l'air qui a été aspiré à travers le produit.
  4. Procédé selon la revendication 3, caractérisé en ce que l'air chauffé qui a été aspiré à travers le produit est acheminé dans le matériau (4) à fournir à l'extrudeuse (1).
  5. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, caractérisé en ce que le produit (2) est refroidi de plus par l'intérieur par pulvérisation de brouillard d'eau sur la surface interne du produit.
  6. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que l'extrudeuse (1) comprend au moins un stator (10, 11) et au moins un rotor conique (12) pouvant tourner, le stator (10, 11) étant conique au moins au niveau du rotor (12), de telle sorte que le stator (10, 11) et le rotor (12) constituent le moyen d'alimentation de l'extrudeuse, et en ce que l'air de refroidissement du produit est aspiré à travers l'extrudeuse (1) sensiblement à partir du milieu dudit moyen d'alimentation.
  7. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce qu'en plus du refroidissement intérieur, le produit (2) est aussi refroidi à partir de l'extérieur.
  8. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce qu'à l'intérieur du produit (2) se trouve un mandrin (9) comprenant un moyen de refroidissement, de telle sorte que la surface interne du produit est refroidie de manière précise avec le mandrin (9).
  9. Agencement destiné à refroidir un produit creux extrudé (2), l'agencement comprenant une extrudeuse (1) et un moyen agencé afin d'aspirer de l'air à travers le produit d'une telle manière que l'air refroidit le produit par l'intérieur, l'air aspiré à travers le produit étant amené à s'écouler à travers l'extrudeuse (1) et caractérisé en ce que l'air n'est pas acheminé à travers le matériau formant la paroi du produit (2).
  10. Agencement selon la revendication 9, caractérisé en ce que l'extrudeuse (1) comprend au moins un stator (10, 11) et au moins un rotor conique pouvant tourner (12), le stator (10, 11) étant conique au moins au niveau du rotor (12), de telle sorte que le stator (10, 11) et le rotor (12) constituent le moyen d'alimentation de l'extrudeuse (1), et en ce que l'agencement comprend un moyen destiné à aspirer de l'air à travers l'extrudeuse (1) sensiblement à partir du milieu dudit moyen d'alimentation.
  11. Agencement selon la revendication 9 ou 10, caractérisé en ce que l'agencement comprend un moyen destiné à récupérer l'énergie thermique de l'air qui a été aspiré à travers le produit.
  12. Agencement selon la revendication 11, caractérisé en ce que l'agencement comprend un moyen destiné à acheminer l'énergie thermique de l'air, qui a été aspiré à travers le produit, dans le matériau (4) à fournir à l'extrudeuse (1).
  13. Agencement selon la revendication 12, caractérisé en ce que l'agencement comprend un moyen destiné à acheminer l'air, qui a été aspiré à travers le produit, dans le matériau (4) à fournir à l'extrudeuse (1).
  14. Agencement selon l'une quelconque des revendications 9 à 12, caractérisé en ce que l'agencement comprend un conduit d'eau (13) et des injecteurs (14) placés sur celui-ci afin de pulvériser un brouillard d'eau à l'intérieur du produit dans le but de refroidir le produit.
  15. Agencement selon l'une quelconque des revendications 9 à 14, caractérisé en ce que l'agencement comprend un moyen destiné à refroidir le conduit ou produit (2) par l'extérieur.
  16. Agencement selon l'une quelconque des revendications 9 à 15, caractérisé en ce que l'extrudeuse (1) comporte un mandrin creux (9) comprenant un moyen destiné à refroidir le produit par l'intérieur.






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