PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0884731 10.10.2002
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0884731
Titel Plattenaufnahme- und -wiedergabegerät und Schwingungsdämpfer hierzu
Anmelder Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd., Kadoma, Osaka, JP
Erfinder Kuwajima, Hideki, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto City 606-8286, JP;
Okamoto, Hirotaka, Osaka City, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69807588
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 08.06.1998
EP-Aktenzeichen 981104128
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 16.12.1998
EP date of grant 04.09.2002
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 10.10.2002
IPC-Hauptklasse G11B 33/08
IPC-Nebenklasse F16F 7/104   F16F 7/108   G11B 21/02   

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a disk recording and reproduction apparatus for recording and reproducing information to and from a disk used as a recording medium. More particularly, it relates to a dynamic damper for damping vibration in a disk recording and reproduction apparatus which positions its head by linearly moving the head in the radial direction of the disk.

As having been disclosed in Japanese Laid-open Patent Application, Publication No. Hei 2-292781 for the invention of "A voice-coil type optical head" for example, a conventional disk recording and reproduction apparatus comprises a disk drive mechanism for supporting and rotating a disk used as a recording medium, an optical head for writing and reading information to and from the disk, and a positioning mechanism for positioning the optical head. The conventional disk recording and reproduction apparatus having been configured as described above is provided with a dynamic damper having a function to damp vibration in a specific direction so that the optical head can be accurately positioned at a target track on the disk.

The dynamic damper of the conventional disk recording and reproduction apparatus disclosed in Japanese Laid-open Patent Application, Publication No. Hei 2-292781 comprises a weight having a large mass and an elastic element. The weight is bonded to the elastic element which is fixed to a member whose vibration is to be damped. By using the dynamic damper being configured described above, the conventional disk recording and reproduction apparatus damp vibration from the drive mechanism to some extent, to improve the positioning accuracy of the optical head.

Generally speaking, with an increase in the mass of a dynamic damper, a frequency range of vibration to be damped becomes wide. However, it is very difficult to bond a weight having a large mass to an elastic element having a viscosity, in particular, a gel material. For this reason, the frequency range of vibration to be damped cannot be made wider, thereby causing a problem in product reliability.

In addition, in the above-mentioned conventional configuration, it is necessary to install a dynamic damper in each direction of vibration to be damped, thereby causing a problem of making the apparatus larger and heavier.

In addition to what proceeds a dynamic damper in accordance with the preamble of the main claim is known from WO 93/08414.

With this known dynamic damper the weight is spherical and is encompassed by a damping body which encloses the weight and is made from a rubber which has a cubic shape. Unitary with such damping body are two suspension elements positioned in the plane of a mid-cross-section of such cubic item, suspension elements which have thickened attachment ends which are locked each by parts of fastening portions of a fastening arrangement. The damping body is vulcanised or moulded, respectively, around the weight, which manufacturing step is a priori a more complicated one. The damping effect is attained mainly by the suspension elements and by additional supporting legs.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, an object of the present invention is to provide a dynamic damper capable of damping vibration in a wide frequency range by using a

simple configuration, and to provide a disk recording and reproduction apparatus using the dynamic damper. In addition,

another object of the present invention is to provide a dynamic damper capable of delivering an excellent damping effect for vibration in any directions, for example, in the directions of three axes (X, Y and Z axes) which fall at right angles with respect to each other, and to provide a disk recording and reproduction apparatus using the dynamic damper.

In order to attain the above-mentioned objects, the dynamic damper of the present invention is characterized in that the said elastic means has a predetermined viscosity and is a set of viscoelastic elements which are formed in a plate shape each, that each such element has a through hole at the center of the flat surface thereof, and that said through holes of said elements are passed through by rod means secured to said weight.

With this configuration of the dynamic damper of the present invention, a weight having a large mass for the dynamic damper can be set easily, and a frequency range of vibration to be damped can be made wider.

Furthermore, in the dynamic damper of the present invention, preferably said weight is formed in a cylindrical shape, said rod means is a single rod secured to the center axis of said weight, the said set is a pair of viscoelastic plates, and said weight is sandwiched between said pair. With this configuration of the dynamic damper of the present invention, a weight having a large mass can be attached to the viscoelastic elements easily and securely.

Furthermore, it is preferred that the said pair of viscoelastic plates consists of a first viscoelastic element having a predetermined spring constant and a predetermined viscosity, and a second viscoelastic element having a spring constant and a viscosity different from those of the first viscoelastic element, and used together with said first viscoelastic element to sandwich said weight. With this configuration of the dynamic damper of the present invention a weight having a large mass for the dynamic damper can be set easily, and a vibration damping effect can be obtained in any directions.

Furthermore, in the dynamic damper of the present invention, the holder can be installed on the substrate so that the center axis of the weight is orthogonal to the line segment extended between the rotation center of a disk and the operating point of a head for writing and reading information on and from the disk. With this configuration of the dynamic damper of the present invention, the highest damping effect can be delivered.

Furthermore, the weight can be formed in a spherical shape wherein that rod means is a set of six rods which project radially from said weight at equal intervals and the said set is a number of six viscoelastic elements.

With this configuration of the dynamic damper of the present invention, a weight having a large mass for the dynamic damper can be set easily, and a vibration damping effect can be obtaining in any directions.

The invention further covers a disk recording and reproduction apparatus comprising:

  • a disk used as a recording medium;
  • a disk drive mechanism for supporting and driving the disk;
  • a head for writing and reading information to and from the disk;
  • a head positioning mechanism for moving the head in the radial direction of the disk;
  • a substrate for supporting the disk drive mechanism and
  • the head positioning mechanism; and
  • a dynamic damper as mentioned before.

With this configuration of the disk recording and reproduction apparatus of the present invention, a weight having a large mass for the dynamic damper can be set easily, and a frequency range of vibration to be damped can be made wider.

Preferably the viscoelastic elements are gel members which consist mainly of silicone.

According to another embodiment the viscoelastic elements can be gel members which consist mainly of styrene.

While the novel features of the invention are set forth particularly in the appended claims, the invention, both as to organization and content, will be better understood and appreciated, along with other objects and features thereof, from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWING

  • FIG. 1 is a schematic plan view showing a disk recording and reproduction apparatus in accordance with embodiment 1 of the present invention;
  • FIG. 2 is a side view showing a floating unit in a disk recording and reproduction apparatus in accordance with embodiment 1;
  • FIG. 3 is a vertical sectional view showing a dynamic damper in accordance with embodiment 1;
  • FIG. 4 is a perspective view (a) showing the dynamic damper in accordance with embodiment 1 and a perspective view (b) showing a gel member used for the dynamic damper;
  • FIG. 5 is an explanation view of a vibration model of the disk recording and reproduction apparatus in accordance with embodiment 1;
  • FIG. 6 is a graph showing a vibration damping characteristic of the vibration model of the disk recording and reproduction apparatus in accordance with embodiment 1;
  • FIG. 7 is a vertical sectional view showing a dynamic damper in accordance with the disk recording and reproduction apparatus in accordance with embodiment 2; and
  • FIG. 8 is an explanation view showing directions wherein the dynamic damper in accordance with embodiment 2 performs vibration damping.

It will be recognized that some or all of the Figures are schematic representations for purposes of illustration and do not necessarily depict the actual relative sizes or locations of the elements shown.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Embodiment 1 and embodiment 2 of the disk recording and reproduction apparatus of the present invention will be described below referring to the accompanying drawings.

<<Embodiment 1>>

FIG. 1 is a schematic plan view showing a floating unit 200 comprising therein a disk drive mechanism, a drive mechanism for positioning an optical pickup used as an optical head and the like in a disk recording and reproduction apparatus in accordance with embodiment 1 of the present invention. FIG. 2 is a side view showing the floating unit 200 shown in FIG. 1.

Referring to FIGs. 1 and 2, a magneto-optical disk 4 used as a recording medium is placed and supported on a turntable 5. The turntable 5 for supporting the disk 4 is secured to the rotation shaft of a spindle motor 6 and is made rotatable. In addition, an optical pickup 8 for recording information to or reproducing information from a target track on the disk 4 is configured to move in the radial direction of the disk 4.

As shown in FIG. 1, the disk drive mechanism having the turntable 5 and the like, and the head positioning mechanism having an optical pickup 8 are provided on a substrate 1 of the floating unit 200. The substrate 1 of the floating unit 200 is suspended from a base unit 3 of the disk recording and reproduction apparatus by eight floating springs 2a, 2b, 2c, 2d, 2e, 2f, 2g, 2h (hereinafter designated by reference code 2) connected to the four corners thereof.

In addition, as shown in FIG. 1, four rods 1a, 1b, 1c, 1d secured to the substrate 1 are elastically supported by four oil dampers 14a, 14b, 14c, 14d (hereinafter designated by reference code 14), respectively, which have vibration damping effects through the use of a damping action due to the viscosity of silicone oil. These oil dampers 14 are secured to the base unit 3. The rods 1a, 1b, 1c, 1d formed on the substrate 1 are each inserted into a recess formed in each of the oil dampers 14 and supported thereby. The oil dampers 14 are configured so as to generate viscous resistance when the substrate 1 is moved relative to the base frame 3.

Furthermore, the floating unit 200 of embodiment 1 is provided with a dynamic damper 100 which will be described later. The dynamic damper 100 damps vibration generated from the drive mechanisms, so that the optical pickup 8 can be accurately positioned at a target track on the disk.

As shown in FIG. 1, two cylindrical guide shafts 7a, 7b, being parallel to each other, are installed on the substrate 1. The guide shafts 7a, 7b are extended in the axial direction of the substrate 1 (in the up-down direction in FIG. 1), and secured to the substrate 1 by holders (not shown).

A carriage 9 on which the optical pickup 8 is mounted is installed so as to be slidable in the radial direction of the disk 4 by guided with the guide shafts 7a, 7b. The carriage 9 engages a feed shaft 12 having helical grooves. When the feed shaft 12 is rotated by a stepping motor 13, the carriage 9 is moved rapidly in the radial direction of the disk 4.

A pair of coils 10a, 10b are provided near both sides of the optical pickup 8 in the axial direction of the substrate 1 (in the up-down direction in FIG. 1). Furthermore, magnets 11a, 11b are provided near the optical pickup 8 in a direction orthogonal to the axial direction on the carriage 9. With this configuration, the optical pickup 8 is accurately positioned by using the repulsive force of the magnets, whereby the optical pickup 8 can accurately trace the information-recorded track of the disk 4.

Next, the configuration of the dynamic damper 100 in the disk recording and reproduction apparatus of embodiment 1 will be described below referring to FIGs. 3 and 4. FIG. 3 is a vertical sectional view showing the dynamic damper 100. The portion (a) of FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing the dynamic damper 100. The portion (b) FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing the shape of a gel member used for the dynamic damper 100.

As shown in FIG. 3 and the portion (a) of FIG. 4, the dynamic damper 100 comprises a weight 15 having a cylindrical shape, two gel members 19, 19 provided to sandwich the weight 15, and a rod 16 passing through the weight 15 and the gel members 19, 19 so as to secure them. The gel member 19 is a viscoelastic element formed of a gel-like substance (an intermediate state between liquid and solid) mainly consisting of silicone or styrene. As shown in FIG. 3, the above-mentioned weight 15, the gel members 19, 19 and the rod 16 are secured to the interior of a holder 18 having a nearly U-shaped cross-section.

In the dynamic damper 100 of embodiment 1, the holder 18 is installed on the substrate 1 so that the center axis of the weight 15 is orthogonal to the line segment extended between the rotation center of the disk 4 and the operating point of the optical pickup 8 for writing and reading information to and from the disk 4.

The gel member 19 of embodiment 1 has a shock absorption coefficient of 90% or more at ordinary temperature. The shock absorption coefficient was obtained when a steel ball (weight: 65 g, diameter: 25 mm) was dropped to the gel member 19, and vibration transmitted through the gel member 19 was measured.

As shown in FIG. 3, a through hole 15a is formed at the center of the weight 15 in the direction of the center axis thereof, and the rod 16 is inserted into the through hole 15a. The rod 16 is secured with a screw 17 which advances from the outer circumferential surface of the weight 15 in a direction orthogonal to the center axis of the weight 15.

In addition, the rod 16 is inserted into the through holes 19a, 19a formed in the gel members 19, 19 provided on both sides of the weight 15. The gel members 19, 19 are supported and secured with bent projections 18a formed on the holder 18. Furthermore, holes 18b are formed on both sides of the holder 18 so that the rod 16 passing through the gel members 19, 19 does not make contact with the holder 18. The holder 18 is installed on the substrate 1 so that the center axis of the weight 15 is orthogonal to the movement direction of the carriage 9.

Damping in a mechanical vibration system is considered here by using its equivalent circuit (see Section, for example, "Equivalent circuits of vibration systems" in the Mechanical Engineering Dictionary (First Edition) issued by Asakura-Shoten). In this case, a limit condition of transient current in an RLC direct-current circuit with respect to vibration in an electric circuit (see Section 9; Katogensho (Transient Phenomena, Chapter 1; Electric Theories in the Electric Engineering Pocket Book; Denkikougaku pocket book (Third Edition) issued by Ohm-sha, Tokyo, Japan) represents ideal vibration damping. Therefore, in order to obtain a vibration damping effect, it is desirable to properly select the gel members 19 used as viscoelastic elements and the weight 15 used as a vibrator so that the relationship between viscoelastic elements for damping and the mass of a vibrator becomes this limit condition.

Next, the operation of the dynamic damper 100 in the disk recording and reproduction apparatus of embodiment 1 will be described below.

When the transient phenomenon of vibration in the dynamic damper 100 of embodiment 1 becomes vibratory, a first resonance frequency f1 determined by the spring constant of the gel member 19 used as a viscoelastic element (an elastic element having a viscosity) and the mass of the weight 15 is represented by equation 1 shown below: f1 = sqrt(k1 / m1) / (2 π) wherein, k1 is a spring constant of the gel member 19 used as a viscoelastic element, and m1 is the mass of the weight 15. Therefore, the dynamic damper 100 of embodiment 1 damp vibration in a frequency range lower than the first resonance frequency f1.

If the transient phenomenon of vibration is in the above-mentioned limit condition, and if vibration is caused only by the weight 15, the vibration is absorbed in a short time within period T (= 1/f1) which is inversely proportional to the above-mentioned first resonance frequency f1, whereby efficiency becomes very high.

FIG. 5 is a damping explanation view of a vibration model of the disk recording and reproduction apparatus in accordance with embodiment 1. Referring to FIG. 5, M2 is the mass of the substrate 1 and all components disposed on the substrate 1, K2 is the spring constant of the floating spring 2, C1 is a viscosity coefficient of the gel member 19 of the dynamic damper 100, C2 is a viscosity coefficient of the oil damper 14, m0 is the mass of the optical pickup 8, and k0 is the spring constant of the spring for supporting the optical pickup 8. M3 is the mass of the base frame 3.

A vibration force applied to the substrate 1 when disturbance vibration is exerted to the base frame 3 is now obtained as follows.

Influence of the optical pickup 8 is negligible here, since its position is electrically controlled around its resonance frequency. Therefore, how to damp the vibration force transmitted to the substrate 1 by using the floating springs 2, the oil dampers 14 and the dynamic damper 100 is an important point to be considered.

Equation 2 described below represents a ratio of the vibration force transmitted to the substrate 1 to the vibration force applied to the base frame 3.

The above-mentioned equation 2 has been represented by using Laplace transformation. FIG. 6 is a Bode diagram of equation 2, and shows a damping characteristic for turbulence vibration. In FIG. 6, the ordinate represents a damping amount (dB), and the abscissa represents a frequency (Hz).

In FIG. 6, f2 is a second resonance frequency determined by the mass of the substrate 1, the spring constant of the floating spring 2 and the viscosity coefficient of the oil damper 14.

The broken line 1 in FIG. 6 represents a vibration damping characteristic obtained when the floating springs 2 and the oil dampers 14 are used as vibration absorbers, and the dynamic damper 100 is not used. The solid line 2in FIG. 6 represents a vibration damping characteristic obtained when the dynamic damper 100 of embodiment 1 is used. Furthermore, the chain line 3 in FIG. 6 represents a vibration damping characteristic obtained when the weight 15 of the dynamic damper 100 is made heavier without changing the value of the amount at the second resonance frequency f2. In the experiments shown in FIG. 6, the first resonance frequency f1 was about 500 Hz, and the second resonance frequency f2 was about 14 Hz.

As shown in FIG. 6, when the dynamic damper 100 of embodiment 1 is used, it is understood that a significant damping effect is obtained in the range between frequencies fn and fm when the dynamic damper 100 of embodiment 1 is used. In the experiments shown in FIG. 6, the frequency fn was about 100 Hz, and the frequency fm was about 450 Hz. As described above, by using the dynamic damper 100 of embodiment 1, the damping effect becomes significant in the frequency range between the first resonance frequency f1 and the second resonance frequency f2, which are vibration frequencies affecting the positional control of the optical pickup 8.

Furthermore, in the case that the vibration in the frequency range of a frequency lower than the first resonance frequency f1 to a frequency higher than the second resonance frequency f2 is desired to be damped further, it is understood that the effect of damping becomes larger when the mass of the weight 15 of the dynamic damper 100 is made heavier.

In the dynamic damper 100 of the disk recording and reproduction apparatus of embodiment 1, the weight 15 can be installed easily, and in addition, the weight 15 having a large mass can be installed securely in the dynamic damper 100 shown in FIG. 4.

When a weight having a large mass was installed in a conventional dynamic damper, installation was possible only by using methods wherein the weight was bonded via an elastic element, or inserted and molded into an elastic element. Therefore, when the bonding process was used, it was difficult to securely install the weight having a large mass, and when the insertion and molding process was used, production became complicated.

In the case of the dynamic damper 100 of the above-mentioned embodiment 1, however, the gel member 19 is shaped like a plate having a through hole as shown in (b) of FIG. 4. The weight 15 is passed through together with the gel members 19 by the rod 16 so as to be secured in the interior of the holder 18. With this method, the weight having a large mass can be installed easily in the dynamic damper 100 of embodiment 1.

As described above, in embodiment 1 of the present invention, by using the dynamic damper wherein the pair of viscoelastic elements and the weight disposed therebetween are secured to the holder, it is possible to significantly damp the vibration in the frequency range of a frequency lower than the first resonance frequency f1 to a frequency higher than the second resonance frequency f2, which are determined by the spring constant of the viscoelastic elements and the mass of the weight.

In the dynamic damper 100 of the disk recording and reproduction apparatus of embodiment 1, the gel members disposed on both sides of the weight have the same spring constant. However, it is possible to obtain a disk recording and reproduction apparatus capable of damping vibration at a specific frequency by using a dynamic damper wherein gel members having different spring constants are disposed on both sides of the weight.

By using the dynamic damper, a protrusion at the first resonance frequency f1 as shown in FIG. 6 does not appear markedly because the viscoelastic gel members exhibit their non-linearity property. Therefore, the occurrence of a resonance phenomenon at f1 is suppressed largely even with an installation of the dynamic damper.

<<Embodiment 2>>

Embodiment 2 of the disk recording and reproduction apparatus of the present invention will be described below referring to the accompanying drawings, FIGs. 7 and 8.

FIG. 7 is a sectional view showing the configuration of a dynamic damper 300 in accordance with the disk recording and reproduction apparatus of embodiment 2. The basic configuration of the disk recording and reproduction apparatus of embodiment 2 is similar to that of the disk recording and reproduction apparatus of the above-mentioned embodiment 1, and the dynamic damper 300 is used instead of the dynamic damper 100 which is used in the above-mentioned embodiment 1.

Referring to FIG. 7, the dynamic damper 300 has a spherical weight 20. Arm rods 22a, 22b, 22c, 22d, 22e, 22f (two arm rods 22e and 22f provided on the forward and backward sides of the weight 20 are not shown in FIG. 7) are secured to the weight 20, and projects radially from the weight 20 at equal intervals in six directions, that is, in the up-and-down, right-and-left and back-and-forth directions of the weight 20. These arm rods 22a, 22b, 22c, 22d, 22e, 22f are supported by disk-shaped gel members 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f (two gel members 21e and 21f provided on the forward and backward sides of the weight 20 are not shown in FIG. 7). The gel members 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f are formed of a gel-like substance (an intermediate state condition between liquid and solid) mainly consisting of silicone or styrene.

In embodiment 2, the outer circumferential portions of the gel members 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f, each having a through hole, are secured to holding members 1' projecting from a substrate 1, and the through holes are passed through by the arm rods 22a, 22b, 22c, 22d, 22e, 22f so as to elastically support the weight 20.

Next, the operation of the dynamic damper 300 in the disk recording and reproduction apparatus of embodiment 2 having the above-mentioned configuration will be described below.

FIG. 8 is a view showing directions wherein the damping effect of the dynamic damper 300 of embodiment 2 is delivered. The gel members 21e, 21f, 21b, 21d deliver a viscoelastic effect on vibration in the X-axis direction. The gel members 21a, 21c, 21b, 21d deliver a viscoelastic effect on vibration in the Y-axis direction. The gel members 21a, 21c, 21e, 21f deliver a viscoelastic effect on vibration in the Z-axis direction.

In FIG. 8, the dynamic damper 300 of embodiment 2 also delivers a rotational vibration damping effect in the roll direction (direction a), in the pitch direction (direction b) and the yaw direction (direction c). The gel members 21e, 21b, 21f, 21d are effective in the roll direction, the gel members 21c, 21d, 21b, 21a are effective in the pitch direction, and the gel members 21e, 21a, 21f, 21c are effective in the yaw direction.

In accordance with embodiment 2, the gel members are provided in the three axial directions of the weight 20 to elastically support the weight 20 as described above, whereby linear reciprocal vibration can be damped, and rotational vibration can also be damped simultaneously.

For this reason, by installing the dynamic damper of embodiment 2 in a disk recording and reproduction apparatus provided with a head at a swing arm for a hard disk drive or the like, the disk recording and reproduction apparatus can deliver an excellent vibration damping effect.

Although gel members are used as viscoelastic elements in the description of the above-mentioned embodiment 2, even a combination of a spring and a viscous damper can also deliver an effect similar to that obtained in the above-mentioned embodiment 2.

Furthermore, although the center axes of the six arm rods disposed on the weight 20 of embodiment 2 are aligned with the intersection (origin O) of the X, Y and Z axes, it is not necessary to align the center axes with the intersection, that is, the center of gravity of the weight 20.

Moreover, although the weight 20 has a fully spherical shape in embodiment 2 as shown in FIG. 8, it is not necessary to have such a fully spherical shape. The shape of the weight 20 can be set together with the viscoelastic characteristic of the gel members depending on vibration in the X-axis, Y-axis, Z-axis, roll, pitch and yaw directions.

As described above, in the dynamic damper of the present invention, a weight having a large mass can be set in the dynamic damper comprising the gel members by using a simple configuration. Therefore, the dynamic damper can damp vibration in a wide frequency range, and can thus deliver an excellent damping effect.

Furthermore, according to the present invention, since the dynamic damper includes gel members having the non-linearity property, the dynamic damper is less likely to express the first resonance frequency f1 and shows a vibration damping effect between the frequencies fn and fm. Thus, the dynamic damper according to the present invention can have an exceptionally good characteristic that no care for preventing the first resonance frequency f1 from being overlapped with such resonance frequencies of the structure of a floating unit becomes unnecessary during designing work.

In addition, the dynamic damper of the present invention comprising the gel members disposed in the directions of the three axes can damp linear reciprocal vibration and rotational vibration.

Furthermore, the disk recording and reproduction apparatus using the dynamic damper of the present invention has an excellent damping effect because of being capable of damping vibration in a wide frequency range.

Moreover, the disk recording and reproduction apparatus using the dynamic damper of the present invention has an excellent damping effect because of being capable of damping vibration in any directions and also being capable of damping rotational vibration.

Although the present invention has been described in terms of the presently preferred embodiments, it is to be understood that such disclosure is not to be interpreted as limiting. Various alterations and modifications will no doubt become apparent to those skilled in the art to which the present invention pertains, after having read the above disclosure.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Schwingungsdämpfer (100/300) mit
    • einem eine vorbestimmte Masse aufweisenden Gewicht (15, 20); einem elastischen Element (19; 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f) mit einer vorbestimmten Federkonstante, das zur Halterung des Gewichts (15, 20) verwendet wird; und
    • Halteelementen (18, 1') zur Befestigung des Gewichts (15, 20) auf einem Substrat mittels des elastischen Elements (19; 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f), wobei der Schwingungsdämpfer zur Dämpfung von Vibration in einem Frequenzbereich konfiguriert ist, der niedriger ist als die Resonanzfrequenz, die durch die Federkonstante des elastischen Elements (19; 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f) und die Masse des Gewichts (15, 20) bestimmt ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das elastische Element eine vorbestimmte Viskosität besitzt und ein Set aus viskoelastischen Elementen (19; 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f) darstellt, deren jedes in Form einer Platte ausgebildet ist, dass jedes derartige Element in der Mitte seiner flachen Oberfläche ein Durchgangsloch aufweist, und daß die Durchgangslöcher dieser Elemente (19; 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f) von Stabelementen (16; 22a, 22b, 22c, 22d, 22e, 22f) durchdrungen sind, die an dem Gewicht (15,20) befestigt sind.
  2. Schwingungsdämpfer (100) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Gewicht (15) zylindrisch geformt ist, dass das Stabelement ein einzelner, an der Mittelachse des Gewichts (15) befestigter Stab (16) ist, dass das Set ein Paar viskoelastischer Platten (19) ist, und dass das Gewicht (15) sandwichartig zwischen diesem Paar angeordnet ist.
  3. Schwingungsdämpfer (100) nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Paar viskoelastischer Platten (19) aus einem ersten viskoelastischen Element mit einer vorbestimmten Federkonstanten und einer vorbestimmten Viskosität sowie einem zweiten viskoelastischen Element mit einer Federkonstante und einer Viskosität besteht, die von denjenigen des ersten viskoelastischen Elements verschieden sind, und das zusammen mit dem ersten viskoelastischen Element dazu verwendet wird, das Gewicht (15) sandwichartig zwischen sich einzufassen.
  4. Schwingungsdämpfer (100) nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Halter (18) auf dem Substrat derart installiert ist, dass die Mittelachse des Gewichts (15) senkrecht zu dem Liniensegment verläuft, das sich zwischen dem Rotationsmittelpunkt einer Disk und dem Betriebspunkt eines Kopfs für das Schreiben und das Lesen von Information auf die und von der Disk verläuft.
  5. Schwingungsdämpfer (300) nach Anspruch 1, bei welchem das Gewicht (20) in Kugelform ausgebildet ist und das Stabelement aus einem Set von sechs Stäben (22) besteht, die in gleichen Abständen radial von dem Gewicht (20) vorstehen, und dass das Set aus einer Anzahl von sechs viskoelastischen Elementen (21a, 21b, 21c, 21c, 21d, 21f) besteht.
  6. Diskaufnahme- und Wiedergabevorrichtung mit:
    • einer als Aufnahmemedium verwendeten Disk (4),
    • einer Diskantriebseinrichtung (5) für die Halterung und den Antrieb der Disk (4),
    • einem Kopf (8) zum Schreiben und Lesen von Information auf die und von der Disk (4),
    • einer Kopfpositioniereinrichtung (8) zur Bewegung des Kopfes (8) in Radialrichtung zur Disk (4),
    • einem Substrat (1) zur Lagerung der Diskantriebseinrichtung (5) und der Kopfpositioniereinrichtung (8), und
    • einem Schwingungsdämpfer (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 2 bis 4.
  7. Diskaufnahme- und Wiedergabevorrichtung mit:
    • einer als Wiedergabemedium verwendeten Disk (4)
    • einer Diskantriebseinrichtung (5) zur Lagerung und zum Antrieb der Disk (4)
    • einem Kopf (8) zum Schreiben und Lesen von Information auf und von der Disk (4)
    • einer Kopfpositioniereinrichtung (8) zur Bewegung des Kopfes (8) in Radialrichtung zur Disk (4), und
    • einem Schwingungsdämpfer (300) nach Anspruch 5.
  8. Schwingungsdämpfer nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die viskoelastischen Elemente (19; 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f) Gelelemente sind, die hauptsächlich aus Silikon bestehen.
  9. Schwingungsdämpfer nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die viskoelastischen Elemente (19; 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f) Gelelemente sind, die im wesentlichen aus Styren bestehen.
Anspruch[en]
  1. Dynamic damper (100, 300) comprising
    • a weight (15, 20) having a predetermined mass;
    • elastic means (19; 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f) having a predetermined spring constant used to support said weight (15, 20); and
    • holder members (18, 1') for securing said weighty (15, 20) onto a substrate via said elastic means (19; 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f),
    • said dynamic damper being configured to damp vibration in a frequency range lower than a resonance frequency determined by the spring constant of said elastic means (19; 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f) and the mass of said weight (15, 20),
    characterized in that

    the said elastic means has a predetermined viscosity and is a set of viscoelastic elements (19; 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f) which are formed in a plate shape each, that each such element has a through hole at the center of the flat surface thereof, and that said through holes of said elements (19; 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f) are passed through by rod means (16; 22a, 22b, 22c, 22d, 22e, 22f) secured to said weight (15, 20).
  2. Dynamic damper (100) according to claim 1, characterized in that

    said weight (15) is formed in a cylindrical shape, that said rod means is a single rod (16) secured to the center axis of said weight (15), that the said set is a pair of viscoelastic plates (19), and that said weight (15) is sandwiched between said pair.
  3. Dynamic damper (100) according to claim 2,

    characterized in that

    the said pair of viscoelastic plates (19) consists of a first viscoelastic element having a predetermined spring constant and a predetermined viscosity, and

    a second viscoelastic element having a spring constant and a viscosity different from those of said first viscoelastic element, and used together with said first viscoelastic element to sandwich said weight (15).
  4. Dynamic damper (100) according to claim 2,

    characterized in that

    said holder (18) is installed on said substrate so that the center axis of said weight (15) is orthogonal to the line segment extended between the rotation center of a disk and the operating point of a head for writing and reading information to and from said disk.
  5. A dynamic damper (300) according to claim 1, wherein

    the weight (20) is formed in a spherical shape,

    said rod means is a set of six rods (22) which project radially from said weight (20) at equal intervals and that the said set is a number of six viscoelastic elements (21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f).
  6. A disk recording and reproduction apparatus comprising:
    • a disk (4) used as a recording medium;
    • a disk drive mechanism (5) for supporting and driving said disk (4);
    • a head (8) for writing and reading information to and from said disk (4);
    • a head positioning mechanism (8) for moving said head (8) in the radial direction of said disk (4);
    • a substrate (1) for supporting said disk drive mechanism (5) and said head positioning mechanism (8); and
    • a dynamic damper (100) in accordance with one of claims 2 to 4.
  7. A disk recording and reproduction apparatus comprising:
    • a disk (4) used as a recording medium;
    • a disk drive mechanism (5) for supporting and driving said disk (4);
    • a head (8) for writing and reading information to and from said disk (4);
    • a head positioning mechanism (8) for moving said head (8) in the radial direction of said disk (4); and
    • a dynamic damper (300) in accordance with claim 5.
  8. Dynamic damper according to anyone of claims 1 to 5,

    characterized in that

    the viscoelastic elements (19; 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f) are gel members which consist mainly of silicone.
  9. Dynamic damper according to anyone of claims 1 to 5,

    characterized in that

    the viscoelastic elements (19; 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f) are gel members which consist mainly of styrene.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Amortisseur dynamique (100, 300) comprenant
    • un poids (15, 20) ayant une masse prédéterminée ;
    • des moyens élastiques (19 ; 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f) présentant une constante de rappel prédéterminée utilisés pour supporter ledit poids (15, 20) ; et
    • des éléments de maintien (18, 1') destinés à fixer ledit poids (15, 20) sur un substrat via ledit moyen élastique (19 ; 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f),
    • ledit amortisseur dynamique étant configuré pour amortir les vibrations dans une plage de fréquences inférieure à une fréquence de résonance déterminée par la constante de rappel dudit moyen élastique (19 ; 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f) et la masse dudit poids (15, 20),
       caractérisé en ce que

       lesdits moyens élastiques présentent une viscosité prédéterminée et ils sont un ensemble d'éléments viscoélastiques (19 ; 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f) chacun en forme de plaque, en ce que chaque tel élément comporte un trou traversant au niveau du centre de la surface plane de celui-ci, et en ce que lesdits trous traversants desdits éléments (19 ; 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f) sont traversés par des moyens de tige (16 ; 22a, 22b, 22c, 22d, 22e, 22f) fixés audit poids (15, 20).
  2. Amortisseur dynamique (100) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que
    • ledit poids (15) est de forme cylindrique, en ce que ledit moyen de tige est une tige unique (16) fixée à l'axe central dudit poids (15), en ce que ledit ensemble est une paire de plaques viscoélastiques (19), et en ce que ledit poids (15) est pris en sandwich entre ladite paire.
  3. Amortisseur dynamique (100) selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que
    • ladite paire de plaques viscoélastiques (19) est composée d'un premier élément viscoélastique présentant une constante de rappel prédéterminée et une viscosité prédéterminée, et d'un deuxième élément viscoélastique présentant une constante de rappel et une viscosité différentes de celles dudit premier élément viscoélastique, et il est utilisé conjointement avec ledit premier élément viscoélastique pour prendre en sandwich ledit poids (15).
  4. Amortisseur dynamique (100) selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que
    • ledit élément de maintien (18) est installé sur ledit substrat de sorte que l'axe central dudit poids (15) est orthogonal par rapport audit segment de ligne s'étendant entre le centre de rotation d'un disque et le point de fonctionnement d'une tête destinée à écrire des informations sur ledit disque et à les lire à partir de celui-ci.
  5. Amortisseur dynamique (300) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    • le poids (20) est de forme sphérique,
    • ledit moyen de tige est un ensemble de six tiges (22) faisant saillie radialement à partir dudit poids (20) à intervalles égaux et ledit ensemble comprend six éléments viscoélastiques (21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f).
  6. Appareil d'enregistrement et de reproduction de disque comprenant :
    • un disque (4) utilisé comme support d'enregistrement ;
    • un mécanisme d'entraînement de disque (5) destiné à supporter et entraîner ledit disque (4) ;
    • une tête (8) destinée à écrire des informations sur ledit disque (4) et à les lire à partir de celui-ci ;
    • un mécanisme de positionnement de tête (8) destiné à déplacer ladite tête (8) dans la direction radiale dudit disque (4) ;
    • un substrat (1) destiné à supporter ledit mécanisme d'entraînement de disque (5) et ledit mécanisme de positionnement de tête (8) ; et
    • un amortisseur dynamique (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 2 à 4.
  7. Appareil d'enregistrement et de reproduction de disque comprenant :
    • un disque (4) utilisé comme support d'enregistrement ;
    • un mécanisme d'entraînement de disque (5) destiné à supporter et entraîner ledit disque (4) ;
    • une tête (8) destinée à écrire des informations sur ledit disque (4) et à les lire à partir de celui-ci ;
    • un mécanisme de positionnement de tête (8) destiné à déplacer ladite tête (8) dans la direction radiale dudit disque (4) ; et
    • un amortisseur dynamique (300) selon la revendication 5.
  8. Amortisseur dynamique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5,

       caractérisé en ce que
    • les éléments viscoélastiques (19 ; 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f) sont des éléments gélatineux principalement composés de silicone.
  9. Amortisseur dynamique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5,

       caractérisé en ce que
    • les éléments viscoélastiques (19 ; 21a, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f) sont des éléments gélatineux principalement composés de styrène.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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