PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1056668 19.12.2002
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 1056668
Titel VORRICHTUNG UND VERFAHREN ZUM SCHNEIDEN EINER BAHN, ZUM ZUFÜHREN IN EINER BEARBEITUNGSSTRASSE UND ZUM EINBRINGEN DURCH DIESE STRASSE
Anmelder DuPont Teijin Films U.S., Ltd. Partnership, Wilmington, Del., US
Erfinder PETITJEAN, Gilles, B-6700 Arlon, BE;
MARNACH, Aloyse, Joseph, L-4879 Lamadelaine, LU;
NICOLAI, Marie, Luc, B-6700 Heinsch, BE
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69903925
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 05.02.1999
EP-Aktenzeichen 999048606
WO-Anmeldetag 05.02.1999
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/EP99/00758
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0099042394
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 26.08.1999
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 06.12.2000
EP date of grant 13.11.2002
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 19.12.2002
IPC-Hauptklasse B65H 20/14

Beschreibung[en]
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The invention relates to an apparatus and a method for cutting of a web, feeding it into a processing line, such as a winding unit, and threading it up through that line.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The feeding of the webs into a processing line, such as a winding system, after a start/restart of the production is a delicate process in particular for thin webs. A known method for such feeding is to cut off manually an edge or a leader of the web, to take it manually through the processing line, launching a defined start program, and when the edge or the leader is secured on a driving element, to cut the web in such a way that the entirety thereof is finally fed into the processing line.

It will be readily apparent that there is a need for an apparatus and a method that would offer a safe and easy cutting and feeding of the web into the processing line, and that would afford automatic thread up. This need is acute for films with thickness ranging from 100 to 0.4 microns and speeds up to 1000 m/min as well as widths ranging from 1 m to 10 m.

Said need exists for various types of material: polymeric, paper, metallic, etc. "Web" shall thus cover any of this material.

The method of the leader (either manually or automatically) is already known and exemplified in, e.g., United States patent 3,756,527 and 3,743,197. These patents teach the use of a single central leader strip that is inserted into the processing line; once said leader strip is secured the strip is broadened up to the full width of the web. The leader strip is transported pneumatically using a slotted tube. This, however, presents drawbacks. Because of the slots, it is not possible to build up a significant pressure gradient along the tube or channel; air speeds and consequently aerodynamic forces are limited. Pulling the leader strip out of the slots is a delicate operation, often ending in breaks with thin films. The tubes hinder the production because centrally located, along the whole line.

An alternate method using the edges present on both sides of the film or web is disclosed in United States patent 4,611,518. According to this document, the method makes use of said edges being first cut from the central part of the web, then fed into the processing line. The mechanism used for achieving this comprises pressure rolls, constituting a nip, which secures the edges, where the edges are then transported by a double belt (called rope scissors) through the machine. This, however, presents drawbacks. The edges can wrap around the pressure rolls, leading to downtime. The system is very complicated. Edge transport with pressure rolls and with a double belt is not convenient in the case of stretched polymeric films because the edge (aka bead) has then a non uniform thickness and may be corrugated and curled (as a result, the edge can get out sidewards).

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The object of the present invention is to provide an apparatus and a method for cutting and feeding a web in an appropriate manner for reliable automatic feeding and threading up in a processing line, such as in a winding system, thereby reducing the rate of failure and hence the production costs.

The invention thus provides an apparatus for cutting of a web (1) conveyed along a conveyance direction (F), and subsequent feeding and threading it up into a processing line, said web (1) comprising a central portion (1c) and edges (1a, 1b),

said apparatus comprising central cutting means (2a, 2b) for cutting the central portion (1c) laterally and transversely to the conveyance direction (F) and edge cutting means (3a, 3b) for cutting the edges (1a, 1b transversely to the conveyance direction (F),

said apparatus further comprising at least one edge channel (4a, 4b) for taking up the edge(s) (1a, 1b) into the processing line and threading it(them) through that processing line, said channel(s) showing a section substantially closed and said channel(s) comprising movable lids (6a, 7a, 6b, 7b).

According to one embodiment, the edge channel(s) (4a, 4b) comprise(s) rotatably mounted inner and/or bottom plate (6a, 7a, 6b, 7b) for taking up and releasing the edges (1a, 1b).

According to another embodiment, the edge channel(s) (4a, 4b) is(are) provided with pneumatically driven suction means.

According to yet another embodiment, the edge channel(s) (4a, 4b) is(are) divided into sub-sections.

According to yet another embodiment, the edge channel(s) (4a, 4b) and the corresponding edge cutting means (3a, 3b) are mounted jointly, such as on a carriage (8a, 8b).

According to yet another embodiment, the apparatus comprises two edge channels (4a, 4b).

According to yet another embodiment, the edge cutting means (3a, 3b) comprise knife means for cutting off the edges (1a, 1b). This knife means may be guillotine knifes or shears knifes.

According to yet another embodiment, the central cutting means (2a, 2b) are mounted to adopt a non-moving state for lateral cutting off the edges (1a, 1b) from the central portion (1c) and a moving state for transversely cutting the central portion (1c) while moving towards each other transversely to the conveyance direction (F).

According to yet another embodiment, the cutting means (3a, 3b) are arranged downstream with respect to the cutting means (2a, 2b).

According to yet another embodiment, the cutting means (3a, 3b) are arranged upstream with respect to the edge channel(s) (4a, 4b).

According to yet another embodiment, the cutting means (3a, 3b) are arranged downstream with respect to the edge channel(s) (4a, 4b).

"Processing line" includes one or several machines such as stretchers, coaters, dryers, surface treating machines, slitters, winders, etc., usually with very complicated film paths. A winding unit will receive the invention with advantage.

The invention also provides a method for cutting a web (1) conveyed along a conveyance direction (F), and subsequent feeding and threading it up into a processing line, said web (1) comprising a central portion (1c) and edges (1a, 1b),

the method comprising the steps of :

  • (i) cutting off at least one edge (1a, 1b) laterally from the central portion (1c) ;
  • (ii) cutting said at least one edge (1a, 1b) along a direction transverse to the conveyance direction (F) ;
  • (iii) taking up said at least one edge into the processing line through edge channel(s);
  • (iv) securing said at least one edge in a pulling unit located at the other extremity of the processing line;
  • (v) opening the channel(s) to release said at least one edge; and
  • (vi) cutting the central portion (1c).

According to one embodiment, the taking up step (iii) comprises sucking the edges into tube channels (4a, 4b).

According to another embodiment, the method further comprises the step of forming a loop of edges at the vicinity of the edge channel during step (ii).

According to yet another embodiment, both edges are processed; said both edges can be processed simultaneously or they can be processed independently or they can be processed sequentially.

According to yet another embodiment, the cutting step (i) comprises a step of keeping the central cutting means (2a, 2b) at a non-moving state for lateral cutting off the edges (1a, 1b) from the central portion (1c).

According to yet another embodiment, the cutting step (ii) comprises a step of instantaneous transversely cutting of the edges (1a, 1b).

According to yet another embodiment, the cutting step (vi) comprises moving the central cutting means (2a, 2b) towards each other transversely to the conveyance direction (F).

According to yet another embodiment, the method of the invention uses the apparatus of the invention.

According to another embodiment, the edge channel (4a, 4b) comprises air jets arranged along it.

The advantage of the apparatus and the method according to the present invention lies in the separated handling of the edges and the central portion of the web for the cutting procedure and feeding procedure, allowing appropriate (automatic) feeding of the web into the processing line, handling of the edges being carried out thanks to specific channels.

The invention allows the drawbacks of the prior art to be overcome, is not limited in terms of thickness or speed and show high reliability hence low downtime. The invention makes use of the fact that edges, in case of polymeric films, are much stronger then the central part between them and thus break very seldom. If the web breaks during processing, the edges or only one of them will then automatically re-entrain the web.

The edges are known by-products of the manufacturing procedure of the web and distinguish from the central portion by their higher thickness (allowing handling of the web). The invention proposes to cut these two different components of the web in distinct steps by appropriate means to allow for a different treatment of the components in the later feeding procedure.

Preferably the different cutting treatment of edges and central portion leads to a shape of the transverse cut of the web in such a way that the edges protrude in the conveyance direction. The edges, since they can be better handed, can be fed first into a pulling device or system located at the other extremity of the processing line to entrain afterwards the central portion.

Further, it is possible to use cutting means different in shape and operating procedure for the thin central portion and the thick edges. For instance, guillotine knifes and shears knifes are known as reliable tools for cutting thick but small workpieces and thus are adapted for cutting the edges. For the central portion extending in general over a considerable width, other cutting means transversely movable are more appropriate, such as a Gillette knife or a doctor blade or sharpened needles.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

In the following, the edge channels will be represented with dotted lines for hidden parts at the first occurrence only in each embodiment.

  • Figures 1a and 1b show a perspective view and a top view, respectively, of an apparatus according to one embodiment of the invention, the web not being cut at all;
  • Figures 2a and 2b show a perspective view and a top view, respectively, of an apparatus according to one embodiment of the invention, the edges being cut off laterally from the central portion of the web;
  • Figures 3a and 3b show a perspective view and a top view, respectively, of an apparatus according to one embodiment of the invention, the edges being cut off transversely;
  • Figures 4a and 4b show a perspective view and a top view, respectively, of an apparatus according to one embodiment of the invention, the edges being taken up by the edge channels;
  • Figures 5a and 5b show a perspective view and a top view, respectively, of an apparatus according to one embodiment of the invention, the edges being secured in the pulling device and the channels in open position;
  • Figures 6a and 6b show a perspective view and a top view, respectively, of an apparatus according to one embodiment of the invention, the central portion being cut transversely;
  • Figures 7a and 7b show a perspective view and a top view, respectively, of an apparatus according to one embodiment of the invention, the central portion being cut transversely up to the meeting point in the middle of the central part, and the central portion being taken in by the edge channels and fed to the processing line;
  • Figures 8a and 8b show a perspective view and a top view, respectively, of an apparatus according to another embodiment of the invention, the web not being cut at all;
  • Figures 9a and 9b show a perspective view and a top view, respectively, of an apparatus according to another embodiment of the invention, one edge being cut off laterally from the central portion of the web;
  • Figures 10a and 10b show a perspective view and a top view, respectively, of an apparatus according to another embodiment of the invention, where the edge channels are activated and the shears knife are also activated, for one given edge, whereby said edge forms a loop within the respective edge channel;
  • Figure 11a and 11b show a perspective view and a top view, respectively, of an apparatus according to one embodiment of the invention, one edge being taken up by one edge channel;
  • Figure 12a and 12b show a perspective view and a top view, respectively, of an apparatus according to another embodiment of the invention, the one edge being taken up by the edge channels and secured in the pulling device;
  • Figures 13a, 13b to 16a, 16b correspond to figures 9a, 9b to 12a, 12b, respectively, for the other edge;
  • Figure 17a and 17b show a perspective view and a top view, respectively, of an apparatus according to another embodiment of the invention, the central portion being cut transversely;
  • Figure 18a and 18b show a perspective view and a top view, respectively, of an apparatus according to another embodiment of the invention, the central portion being taken in by the edge channels and fed to the processing line;
  • Figure 19 shows a cross-sectional view of a preferred edge channels in the form of a edge channel with rotatable half-part.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The description is given with respect to a web transfer an winding system following an oven or a stretcher but can be applied to any web processing line. Also, the web is here polymeric, (e.g. polyester such as PET), with thickened edges (aka beads), by comparizon with the remaining web. The blades are arranged in such a way that the central portion, once cut, shows a uniform thickness.

First embodiment.

In the apparatus according to the invention as shown in Figs. 1a and 1b a web 1 is conveyed in a conveyance direction indicated by arrow F at the exit of an oven or stretcher (not shown). The web is composed of two edges 1a and 1b defining therebetween a central portion 1c of the web 1. On its way along conveyance direction F the web 1 passes a central cutting means comprising two sharpened blades 2a, 2b. In the initial condition shown in Figs 1a and 1b the blades are in a lower position not cutting the web. Downstream in the conveyance direction F edge cutting means in the form of two guillotine knifes 3a, 3b are mounted over each of the edges. In the present initial condition the guillotine knifes are in a stand-by state not cutting the edges 1a, 1b. Further downstream, edge channels 4a, 4b are placed in close vicinity of the transport roll towards the chute 5 to take up the edges 1a, 1b after cutting by the edge cutting means 3a, 3b. The edge channels 4a, 4b are not activated in the initial condition shown in Figs. 1a and 1b and the entire web 1 is falling into the container or chute 5.

In operation the apparatus according to the first embodiment functions as follows :

At a given moment t0, as can be seen from figs. 2a and 2b, the blades 2a, 2b are lifted to a position where they protrude through the web between the edges and the central portion thus cutting the web into said central portion 1c and the two edges 1a and 1b. In this position the blades are not moved in the plane of the web, therefore being in a non-moving state. Downstream of the blades the central portion and the separated edges continue to fall in the container 5.

At a selected moment t1 ≥ t0, as can be seen from figs. 3a and 3b, the edges 1a, 1b are cut laterally by the edge cutting means 3a, 3b. The cut is performed instantaneously by the two guillotine knifes 3a and 3b, which are retracted immediately after cutting. The cutting is transverse to the conveyance direction F, preferably perpendicular to it.

At a further moment t2 ≥ t1, as can be seen from figs. 4a and 4b, the edge channels 4a and 4b are activated to take up the cut edges. At this time the central portion 1c of the web continues to fall into the container 5, whereas the cut edges 1a, 1b are taken into edge channels. The edge channels are "activated" in that sense that suction is initiated, e.g. through sucking means such as air jets arranged along the edge channels. Activation of the edge channels is initiated at a time t2 close to t1, such that the edges that will be taken up are that part of the edges that exit from the oven or stretcher (and not that part falling into the chute).

At a moment t3 ≥ t2, as can be seen from figs. 5a and 5b, the edges are securely fed into the edge channels, or preferably are securely fed into a pulling unit situated at the other extremity of the processing line (not shown). At that time when the edges are secured in the pulling unit, one could be sure that the edges will then efficiently perform their role of "entrainer", i.e. they will entrain the central part of the web into the winding unit. At that time, the lids of the edge channels are open, releasing the edges. The edge channels are represented on the figs. without the bottom and inner parts thereof for the sake of understanding, representing the "open position" or "releasing position" of the channels. The edges may then "fall" on another film path, situated below the channels, such as the film path of the processing line from which the web will be further handed.

At a moment t3' ≥ t3, the channels may be retracted, if necessary, e.g. to allow the processing line to freely operate.

At a moment t4 ≥ t3, as can be seen from figs. 6a and 6b, the blades 2a, 2b start moving along line E in the plane of the web towards each other, in the instant case towards the center of the web, thereby cutting the central portion 1c transversely. The blades 2a, 2b are caused to move transversely to the web conveyance direction at a time where the lids of the channels are open, so as to allow the central part to be entrained between the edges. The attached V-shaped central portion 1c is then fed into the winding unit thanks to the protruding edges 1a, 1b since these have been secured in the winding unit (e.g. through a driving roil acting as pulling device, not shown), and can securely entrain the central part of the web into the winding unit.

At the moment of arrival of both blades in the center of the web, as can be seen from figs. 7a and 7b, the blades are withdrawn in position below the web to achieve a non-cutting state preventing further cutting of the central portion. The blades are then moved to their initial position below the web near the edges. The result of the operation of the blades 2a, 2b leads to a V-shaped transverse cut of the central part while the edges protrude in conveyance direction F. The angles have been exaggerated for sake of understanding; given the speed of the line, the angle of the cut piece shall be very acute. In that configuration, it shall be understood that the steps represented figures 6 and 7 will be somehow "fused" together.

The edge cutting means and the central cutting means can be placed along the same line perpendicular to the conveyance direction, or they can be placed at different locations, preferably the edge cutting means (guillotine knifes 3a, 3b) are located downstream with respect to the central part cutting means (blades 2a, 2b). The guillotine knifes (3a, 3b) are preferably placed upstream with respect to the edge channels.

The sequence of the cutting and taking up steps and hence the moments in time t0, t1, t2, t3 and t4 can be varied, as will be appreciated by the skilled man. For example, activation of the guillotine knifes should preferably be such that the latter be activated at a point of time where the web passing at the location of the guillotine knifes is already cut by the blades into its central part and its edges. Activation of the guillotine knifes and the edge channels may be coupled, i.e. they can be activated at the same time or at times separated by a set time-period. The moving of the blades 2a, 2b, for transverse cutting of the central portion, may be commanded by the activation (opening) of the lids of the edge channels, optionally after a set time-period. Also, and preferably, the activation of the blades should be commanded by the detection of the secured feeding of the edges into the pulling device.

It is also possible to proceed with one edge at a time. In that case, one edge will be first secured in the pulling device, the lid of the first channel will be open, then the second edge will be secured in the pulling device, and only by then the blades 2a and 2b will be moved towards each other. It is also possible to proceed with one edge only.

Second embodiment (and best mode).

The second embodiment is given with respect to that embodiment where each edge is handled separately. Of course, the second embodiment can be worked out with both edges handled simultaneously.

In the apparatus according to the invention as shown in Figs. 8a and 8b a web 1 is as in the first embodiment. On its way along conveyance direction F the web 1 passes a central cutting means comprising two sharpened blades 2a, 2b. In the initial condition shown in Figs 8a and 8b the blades are in a lower position not cutting the web. Downstream in the conveyance direction F, in the vicinity of the roll diverting the web into the chute 5, are located edge channels 4a, 4b and further downstream are located the edge cutting means in the form of two shears 3a, 3b. In the second embodiment, the edge channels and the shears are mounted jointly through a carriage 8a, 8b. The carriage 8a, 8b, allows for a well-defined placement of the edge channels with respect to the exiting web, in all three directions. The carriage 8a, 8b, will only be represented in fig. 8a and 8b, and will not be represented in the following. In the present initial condition the shears are in a stand-by state (open position) not cutting the edges 1a, 1b. The edge channels 4a, 4b are not activated in the initial condition shown in Figs. 8a and 8b and the entire web 1 is falling into the container or chute, which will no longer be represented in the figures in relation with the second embodiment.

In operation the apparatus according to the second embodiment functions as follows :

At a given moment t0a, as can be seen from figs. 9a and 9b, the blade 2a is lifted to a position where it protrudes through the web between the edge and the central portion thus cutting the web into said central portion 1c and one edge 1a. In this position the blade is not moved in the plane of the web, therefore being in a non-moving state. Downstream of the blade the central portion and the separated edge continue to fall into the container 5.

At a moment t1a ≥ t0a, as can be seen from figs. 10a and 10b, the edge 1a is cut laterally by the shears 3a. The cutting is not performed instantaneously as in the first embodiment, but will have a duration until moment t2a. During that interval of time (t2a - t1a), the edge is "blocked" at the shears level, and since the film is still coming out from the oven or stretcher, a loop will build up with the incoming edge. The channel being activated, e.g. by suction means (not represented), the loop will form into the channel. The loop is represented by the dotted line and may extend into the channel by a distance that can be varied up to one meter or less or more. For example, (t2a - t1a) can be about 0.1 s, the speed of the film can be 5 m/s, thus the loop will have a length of 0.25 m. The suction means are not represented here but are conventional (see first embodiment).

At a moment t2a ≥ t1a, as can be seen from figs. 11a and 11b, the edge 1a is finally cut by the shears 3a. The edge channel takes up (here sucks) the cut edge 1a. At this time the central portion 1c of the web and the edge 1b to which it is still attached continue to fall into the container 5. The edge channel is "activated" in the same sense as above (activation may be varied or not during transport of the edge). The edge 1a is then secured in the pulling device (not shown) or any other equivalent means of the driving unit.

At a further moment t3a ≥ t2a, as can be seen from figs. 12a and 12b, the lids of the edge channel 4a are open, releasing the edge; in fact the bottom and inner parts of the edge channels are not represented for the sake of understanding; further details can be seen on fig. 19. As in the first embodiment, the edge may "fall" onto another film path, and the channel 4a may be retracted.

The same sequence as above is then initiated for the other edge, at varying times t0b, t1b, t2b, t3b and t4b, and is illustrated in figures 13a to 16b. At the end of the second sequence, the situation is the following: the two edges are transported through the processing line and secured in a pulling device situated at the other extremity, and they are ready to perform their role of entrainer.

It should be noted that the lids of the channel 4a can be open before the sequence for edge 1b starts, or it can be open after the sequence is completed, e.g. simultaneously with the lid of channel 1b. Also, the channels may be retracted if needed by the operation of the processing line (transport rolls to be moved at given positions, etc.).

At a moment t5 ≥ t4a/t4b, as can be seen from figs. 17a and 17b, the blade 2b starts moving along line E in the plane of the web towards blade 2a, thus creating a movement of the blades towards each other, thereby cutting the central portion 1c transversely. The blade 2b is caused to move transversely to the web conveyance direction at a time where both edge channels are open. The open state is of course required for allowing the central part of the film to be fed into the winding unit (otherwise the tube-like channels would prevent the central part from being conveyed).

In the moment of arrival of blade 2b at the location of blade 2a at the border of the central part of the web, as can be seen from figs. 18a and 18b, the blades are withdrawn in position below the web to achieve a non-cutting state preventing further cutting of the central portion. The blades are then moved to their initial position below the web near the edges. The result of the operation of the blades 2a, 2b leads to a N-shaped transverse cut of the central part while the edges protrude in conveyance direction F. The attached N-shaped central portion 1c is then fed into the processing line thanks to the protruding edges 1a, 1b, acting as "entrainer". As indicated in the first embodiment, the angles have been exaggerated for sake of understanding; given the speed of the line, the angle of the cut piece shall be very acute. In that configuration, it shall be understood that the steps represented figures 17 and 18 will be somehow "fused" together.

As shown, the edge cutting means (shears 3a, 3b) are located downstream with respect to the central part cutting means (blades 2a, 2b). The shears (3a, 3b) are also located downstream with respect to the edge channels.

The sequence of the cutting, loop formation and taking up steps and hence the moments in time t0, t1, t2, t3 etc. can be varied. In the embodiment shown in figs. 8a to 15b, the following sequences can be obtained. Activation of the shears, and consequently formation of the loop should preferably be such that the shears be activated at a point of time where the web passing at the location of the shears is already cut by the blades into its central part and its edges. Activation of the shears and the edge channels may be coupled, i.e. they can be activated at the same time or at times separated by set time-period. The moving of the blade 2a (2b), for transverse cutting of the central portion, may be commanded by the activation of selected units of the apparatus (shears 3a, 3b; detection of the secured feeding of said edges into the pulling device; opening of the lids of the channels; retraction of the channels), optionally after a set time-period, preferably at such time immediately before the processing line is in production mode.

The following sequence is also possible:

  • edge 1a is first threaded up as described above;
  • blade 2b is lifted up (nothing else occurs);
  • blade 2a moves towards blade 2b;
  • as soon as blade 2a reaches blade 2b, both blades (2a, 2b) are withdrawn and shears 3b are activated simultaneously. The web central part 1c will then entrain the edge 1b. Alternatively, shears 3b can be replaced with guillotine as in the first embodiment.

Fig. 19 shows a cross-sectional view of the edge channel. As shown, these edge channels (4a, 4b) can be equipped with a rotatably mounted side comprised of inner. and bottom parts 6a, 7a and 6b, 7b, respectively, these rotatably mounted sides engaging/releasing the edges. Said rotatably mounted side can be either the inner part, the bottom part or both. In case the rotatably mounted side is the inner part 6a, 6b (facing each other), the edge channels will be converted into horizontal U-shaped guides, allowing the entire web to be driven between them. The edge channels can then be retracted laterally. In case the rotatably mounted side is the bottom part 7a, 7b (facing down), the edge channels will be converted into vertical U-shaped guides (with the opening facing down), and in order for the web to be properly conveyed, it will fall at a position situated below the edge channels. The edge channels can then be retracted upwards. Preferably, the rotatably sides may be comprised of both the inner and bottom parts of the edge channels. This latter embodiment is shown in fig. 19, where the dotted line represents the position where the inner and bottom parts are open. The lids may also be comprised of three sides of the channel. Also, the movable lids may be moved by translation, instead of by rotation. The edge may thus get out upwards, downwards, sidewards or diagonally.

The channels are activated thanks to, e.g. air jets, pneumatically driven. The proper number of air jets is arranged along the channel. The channel need not be of one piece; it can comprise several sub-units which may be spaced or close each to the other. The air jets may be comprised of a Venturi tube arranged at the end of the channel. The Venturi is fed with pressurized air that will entrain ambient air at high speed through the channel, which ambient air will ultimately convey the edge.

The channel edges represented figs. 1a through 15b can be at a level within the conveyance direction F, or they can be oriented with respect to same, either upwards or downwards, and/or they can be shifted upwards or downwards with respect to the web plane. For example, the edge channels can form with the conveyance direction any angle (for from 15 to 30°), upwards, and can be shifted upwards (e.g. according to a vertical position) with respect to the web plane. Also, since the width of the web can be modified, the edge channels are preferably mounted on a carriage that will place them at the appropriate position to accommodate the width of the web, as described in figs. 8a to 14a. The carriage will also preferably carry the cutting knifes (3a, 3b) when the edge channels and the cutting knifes (e.g. the shears) are mounted jointly.

With a cutting means such as a high speed laser beam or pressurized water beam the placement with respect to the conveyance direction and within the apparatus and the sequence of the cutting steps can be modified appropriately.

While the description has been given with respect to specific embodiments (blades, guillotine, shears, scissors, edge channels), it is clear that the invention is not limited to these 'embodiments. Also, the two embodiments disclosed can be combined as far as one or more steps are concerned.

While the description has been given with respect to the handling of the two edges, it is clear that the invention can be worked out with only one edge. The skilled man will appreciate any adaptation of the above description to achieve the invention with one edge only.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Vorrichtung zum Schneiden einer in Förderrichtung (F) transportierten Bahn (1) und nachfolgendem Zuführen und Einbringen dieser Bahn in eine Bearbeitungsstraße, wobei die Bahn (1) einen mittleren Abschnitt (1c) und Kanten (1a, 1b) umfasst,

    wobei die Vorrichtung mittlere Schneidmittel (2a, 2b) zum Schneiden des mittleren Abschnitts (1c) an dessen Seiten und quer zur Förderrichtung (F) sowie Kantenschneidmittel (3a, 3b) zum Schneiden der Kanten (1a, 1b) quer zur Förderrichtung (F) aufweist,

    wobei die Vorrichtung ferner zumindest einen Kantenkanal 4a, 4b) zum Zuführen der Kante(n) (1a, 1b) in die Bearbeitungsstraße und zum Einbringen dieser durch diese Straße umfasst, wobei der Kanal bzw. die Kanäle einen weitgehend geschlossenen Abschnitt und bewegliche Deckel (6a, 7a, 6b, 7b) aufweist bzw. aufweisen.
  2. Vorrichtung zum Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der/die Kantenkanal/-kanäle (4a, 4b) drehbar befestigte Innenund/oder Bodenplatten (6a, 7a, 6b, 7b) zum Aufnehmen und Abgeben der Kanten (1a, 1b) umfasst/umfassen.
  3. Vorrichtung zum Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der/die Kantenkanal/-kanäle (4a, 4b) mit pneumatisch betriebenen Saugmitteln versehen ist/sind.
  4. Vorrichtung num Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der/die Kantenkanal/-kanäle (4a, 4b) an diesem/diesen entlang angeordnete Luftdüsen aufweist.
  5. Vorrichtung zum Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der/die Kantenkanal/-kanäle (4a, 4b) in Unterabschnitte unterteilt ist/sind.
  6. Vorrichtung zum Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der/die Kantenkanal/-kanäle (4a, 4b) und die entsprechenden Kantenschneidmittel (3a, 3b) gemeinsam befestigt sind.
  7. Vorrichtung zum Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der/die Kantenkanal/-kanäle (4a, 4b) und die Kantenschneiomittel (3a, 3b) gemeinsam auf einem Schlitten (8a, 8b) befestigt sind.
  8. Vorrichtung zum Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie zwei Kantenkanäle (4a, 4b) umfasst.
  9. Vorrichtung zum Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Kantenschneidmittel (3a, 3b) Messermittel zum Abtrennen der Kanten (1a, 1b) umfassen.
  10. Vorrichtung zum Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach Anspruch 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Messermittel (3a, 3b) Maschinenmesser bzw. Guillotinenmesser (guillotine knifes) sind.
  11. Vorrichtung zum Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach Anspruch 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Messer (3a, 3b) Schermesser (shear knifes) sind.
  12. Vorrichtung zum Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die mittleren Schneidmittel (2a, 2b) so befestigt sind, dass diese zum seitlichen Abtrennen der Kanten (1a, 1b) vom mittleren Abschnitt (1c) einen unbeweglichen Zustand annehmen und zum Abtrennen des mittleren Abschnitts (1c) in Querrichtung beweglich sind, indem beide sich quer zur Förderrichtung (F) zueinander bewegen.
  13. Vorrichtung zum Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 12, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Schneidmittel (3a, 3b) bezogen auf die Schneidmittel in Flussrichtung (2a, 2b) nach diesen angeordnet sind.
  14. Vorrichtung zum Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 13, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Schneidmittel (3a, 3b) bezogen auf den/die Kantenkanal/-kanäle (4a, 4b) in Flussichtung vor diesem/diesen angeordnet sind.
  15. Vorrichtung zum Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 13, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Schneidmittel (3a, 3b) bezogen auf den/die Kantenkanal/-kanäle (4a, 4b) in Flussichtung nach diesem/diesen angeordnet sind.
  16. Verfahren zum Schneiden einer in Förderrichtung (F) transportierten Bahn (1) und nachfolgendem Zuführen und Einbringen in eine Bearbeitungsstraße, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Bahn (1) einen mittleren Abschnitt (1c) und Kanten (1a, 1b) umfasst, wobei das Verfahren die folgenden Schritte aufweist:
    • (i) Seitliches Abtrennen zumindest einer Kante (1a, 1b) vom mittleren Abschnitt (1c);
    • (ii) Schneiden dieser zumindest einen Kante (1a, 1b) quer zur Förderrichtung (F);
    • (iii) Einbrirgen dieser zumindest einen Kante in die Bearbeitungestraße durch den/die Kantenkanal/-kanäle;
    • (iv) Befestigen dieser zumindest einen Kante in einer am anderen Ende der Bearbeitungsstraße angeordneten Zugvorrichtung;
    • (v) öffnen des/der Kanals/Kanäle zur Abgabe dieser zumindest einen Kante; und
    • (vi) Schneiden des mittleren Abschnitts (1c).
  17. Verfahren zum Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach Anspruci 16, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Schritt des Einbringens (iii) das Einsaugen der Kanten in Röhrenkanäle (4a, 4b) umfasst.
  18. Verfahren zum Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach Anspruch 16 oder 17, ferner gekennzeichnet durch den Schritt des Bildens einer Kantenschlaufe in unmittelbarer Nähe des Kantenkanals während des Schrittes (ii).
  19. Verfahren zum Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 16 bis 18, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass beide Kanten bearbeitet werden.
  20. Verfahren zum Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach Anspruch 19, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass beide Kanten gleichzeitig bearbeitet werden.
  21. Verfahren zum Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach Anspruch 19, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass beide Kanten unabhängig voneinander bearbeitet werden.
  22. Verfahren zum Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach Anspruch 21, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass beide Kanten aufeinanderfolgend bearbeitet werden.
  23. Verfahren zum Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 16 bis 22, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Schritt des Schneidens (i) einen Schritt des Haltens der mittleren Schneidmittel (2a, 2b) in einem unbeweglichen Zustand aufweist, um die Kanten (1a, 1b) seitlich vom mittleren Abschnitt (1c) abzutrernen.
  24. Verfahren zum Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 16 bis 23, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Schritt des Schneidens (ii) einen Schritt umfasst, in welchem die Kanten (1a, 1b) unverzögert quer abgetrennt werden.
  25. Verfahren zum Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 16 bis 24, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Schritt des Schneidens (vi) das Bewegen der mittleren Schneidmittel (2a, 2b) zueinander quer zur Förderrichtung (F) umfasst.
  26. Verfahren zum Schneiden und Zuführen einer Bahn (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 16 bis 25, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 15 verwendet wird.
Anspruch[en]
  1. An apparatus for cutting of a web (1) conveyed along a conveyance direction (F), and subsequent feeding and threading it up into a processing line, said web (1) comprising a central portion (1c) and edges (1a, 1b)

    said apparatus comprising central cutting means (2a, 2b) for cutting the central portion (1c) laterally and transversely to the conveyance direction (F) and edge cutting means (3a, 3b) for cutting the edges (1a, 1b) transversely to the conveyance direction (F),

    said apparatus further comprising at least one edge channel (4a, 4b) for taking up the edge(s) (1a, 1b into the processing line and threading it (them) through that processing line, said channel(s) showing a section substantially closed and said channel(s) comprising movable lids (6a, 7a, 6b, 7b).
  2. Apparatus for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to claim 1, wherein the edge channel(s) (4a, 4b) comprise(s) rotatably mounted inner and/or bottom plate (6a, 7a, 6b, 7b) for taking up and releasing the edges (1a, 1b).
  3. Apparatus for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the edge channel(s) (4a, 4b) is (are) provided with pneumatically driven suction means.
  4. Apparatus for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the edge channel(s) (4a, 4b) comprise(s) air jets arranged along it.
  5. Apparatus for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to any one of claims I to 4, wherein the edge channel(s) (4a, 4b) is(are) divided into sub-sections.
  6. Apparatus for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the edge channel(s) (4a, 4b) and the corresponding edge cutting means (3a, 3b) are mounted jointly.
  7. Apparatus for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to claim 6, wherein the edge channel(s) (4a, 4b) and the edge cutting means (3a, 3b) are mounted jointly on a carriage (8a, 8b).
  8. Apparatus for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to any one of claims I to 7, comprising two edge channels (4a, 4b).
  9. Apparatus for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the edge cutting means (3a, 3b) comprise knife means for cutting off the edges (1a, 1b).
  10. Apparatus for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to claim 9, wherein the knife means (3a, 3b) are guillotine knifes.
  11. Apparatus for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to claim 9, wherein the knife means (3a, 3b) are shears knifes.
  12. Apparatus for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 11, wherein the central cutting means (2a, 2b) are mounted to adopt a non-moving state for lateral cutting off the edges (1a, 1b) from the central portion (1c) and a moving state for transversely cutting the central portion (1c) while moving towards each other transversely to the conveyance direction (F).
  13. Apparatus for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 12, wherein the cutting means (3a, 3b) are arranged downstream with respect to the cutting means (2a, 2b).
  14. Apparatus for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 13, wherein the cutting means (3a, 3b) are arranged upstream with respect to the edge channel(s) (4a, 4b).
  15. Apparatus for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 13, wherein the cutting means (3a, 3b) are arranged downstream with respect to the edge channel(s) (4a, 4b).
  16. A method for cutting a web (1) conveyed along a conveyance direction (F), and subsequent feeding and threading it up into a processing line, said web (1) comprising a central portion (1c) and edges (1a, 1b), the method comprising the steps of:
    • (i) cutting off at least one edge (1a, 1b) laterally from the central portion (1c);
    • (ii) cutting said at least one edge (1a, 1b) along a direction transverse to the conveyance direction (F);
    • (iii) taking up said at least one edge into the processing line through edge channel(s);
    • (iv) securing said at least one edge in a pulling unit located at the other extremity of the processing line;
    • (v) opening the channel(s) to release said at least one edge; and
    • (vi) cutting the central portion (1c).
  17. Method for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to claim 16, wherein the taking up step (iii) comprises sucking the edges into tube channels (4a, 4b).
  18. Method for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to claim 16 or 17, further comprising the step of forming a loop of edges at the vicinity of the edge channel during step (ii).
  19. Method for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to any one of claims 16 to 18, wherein both edges are processed.
  20. Method for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to claim 19, wherein said both edges are processed simultaneously.
  21. Method for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to claim 19, wherein said both edges are processed independently.
  22. Method for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to claim 21, wherein said both edges are processed sequentially.
  23. Method for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to any one of claims 16 to 22, wherein the cutting step (i) comprises a step of keeping the central cutting means (2a, 2b) at a non-moving state for lateral cutting off the edges (1a, 1b) from the central portion (1c).
  24. Method for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to any one of claims 16 to 23, wherein the cutting step (ii) comprises a step of instantaneous transversely cutting of the edges (1a, 1b).
  25. Method for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to any one of claims 16 to 24, wherein the cutting step (vi) comprises moving the central cutting means (2a, 2b) towards each other transversely to the conveyance direction (F).
  26. Method for cutting and feeding a web (1) according to any one of claims 16 to 25, using the apparatus of any one of claims 1 to 15.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Un dispositif pour le découpage d'une bande (1) convoyée selon une direction de convoyage (F), et ensuite alimentation et bobinage de celle-ci dans une ligne de traitement, ladite bande (1) comprenant une partie centrale (1c) et des bordures (1a, 1b),

       ledit dispositif comprenant des moyens de découpe centrale (2a, 2b) pour découper la partie centrale (1c) latéralement et transversalement dans la direction de convoyage (F), et des moyens de découpe de bordures (3a, 3b) pour découper les bordures (1a, 1b) transversalement à la direction de convoyage (F),

       ledit dispositif comprenant en outre au moins un profilé de bordure (4a, 4b) pour le relevage de la (les) bordures (1a, 1b) dans la ligne de traitement et sa reprise ou leur reprise dans cette ligne de traitement, ledit (lesdits) profilé(s) présentant une section sensiblement fermée et ledit (lesdits) profilé(s) comprenant des lèvres mobiles (6a, 7a, 6b, 7b).
  2. Dispositif pour le découpage et l'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le(s) profilé(s) de bordure (4a, 4b) comprennent une plaque interne et/ou inférieure montée à rotation (6a, 7a, 6b, 7b) pour le relevage et la libération des bordures (1a, 1b).
  3. Dispositif pour le découpage et l'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le(s) profilé(s) de bordure (4a, 4b) est (sont) munis de moyens d'aspiration pneumatiques.
  4. Dispositif pour le découpage et l'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel le(s) profilé(s) de bordure (4a, 4b) comprennent des jets d'air disposés le long de celui-ci.
  5. Dispositif pour le découpage et l'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel le(s) profilé(s) de bordure (4a, 4b) est (sont) divisé(s) en sous-sections.
  6. Dispositif pour le découpage et l'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon l'une quelconques des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel le(s) profilé(s) de bordure (4a, 4b) et les moyens de découpe de bordures correspondants (3a, 3b) sont montés contigus.
  7. Dispositif pour le découpage et l'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon la revendication 6, dans lequel le(s) profilé(s) de bordures (4a, 4b) et les moyens de découpe de bordures (3a, 3b) sont montés contigus sur un chariot (8a, 8b).
  8. Dispositif pour le découpage et l'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon l'une quelconques des revendications 1 à 7 comprenant deux profilés de bordures (4a, 4b).
  9. Dispositif pour le découpage et l'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon l'une quelconques des revendications 1 à 8 dans lequel les moyens de découpe de bordures (3a, 3b) comprennent des moyens de découpe pour découper les bordures (1a, 1b).
  10. Dispositif pour le découpage et l'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon la revendication 9, dans lequel des moyens de découpe (3a, 3b) sont des couteaux à couperets.
  11. Dispositif pour le découpage et l'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon la revendication 9, dans lequel les moyens de découpe (3a, 3b) sont des couteaux cisailleurs.
  12. Dispositif pour le découpage et l'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11, dans lequel les moyens de découpe centraux (2a, 2b) sont montés de façon à adopter un état non-mobile pour le découpage latéral des bordures (1a, 1b) de la partie centrale (1c) et un état en mouvement pour la découpe transversale de la partie centrale (1c) en se déplaçant l'une vers l'autre transversalement à la direction de convoyage (F).
  13. Dispositif pour le découpage et l'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 12, dans lequel les moyens de découpe (3a, 3b) sont disposés en aval par rapport aux moyens de découpe (2a, 2b).
  14. Dispositif pour le découpage et l'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 13, dans lequel les moyens de découpe (3a, 3b) sont disposés en amont par rapport au(x) profilé(s) de bordure (4a, 4b).
  15. Dispositif pour le découpage et l'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 13, dans lequel les moyens de découpe (3a, 3b) sont disposés en aval par rapport au(x) profilé(s) de bordure (4a, 4b).
  16. Une méthode de découpe d'une bande (1) convoyée le long d'une direction de convoyage (F) et de leur alimentation successive et de leur reprise dans une ligne de traitement, ladite bande (1) comprenant une partie centrale (1c) et des bordures (1a, 1b), la méthode comprenant les opérations suivantes:
    • (i) découpe d'au moins une bordure (1a, 1b) latéralement de la partie centrale (1c);
    • (ii) découpe de ladite au moins une bordure (1a, 1b) le long d'une direction transverse à la direction de convoyage (F);
    • (iii) reprise d'au moins une bordure dans ladite ligne de traitement par le(s) profilé(s) de bordure;
    • (iv) fixation de ladite au moins une bordure dans une unité d'entraînement disposée à l'autre extrémité de la ligne de traitement;
    • (v) l'ouverture de(s) profilé(s) pour libérer ladite au moins une bordure; et
    • (vi) la découpe de la partie centrale (1c).
  17. Méthode de découpe et d'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon la revendication 16, dans laquelle l'opération de reprise (iii) comprend l'aspiration des bordures dans des profilés tubulaires (4a, 4b).
  18. Méthode de découpe et d'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 16 ou 17, comprenant en outre l'opération de formation d'une boucle des bordures au voisinage du profilé de bordure au cours de l'étape (ii).
  19. Méthode de découpe et d'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 16 à 18, dans laquelle on traite les deux bordures.
  20. Méthode de découpe et d'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon la revendication 19, dans laquelle on traite simultanément lesdites deux bordures.
  21. Méthode de découpe et d'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon la revendication 19, dans laquelle lesdites deux bordures sont traitées indépendamment.
  22. Méthode de découpe et d'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon la revendication 21, dans laquelle lesdites deux bordures sont traitées successivement.
  23. Méthode de découpe et d'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 16 à 22, dans laquelle l'opération de découpe (i) comprend une opération de maintien des moyens de découpe centrale (2a, 2b) à l'état immobile pour la découpe latérale des bordures (1a, 1b) de la partie centrale (1c).
  24. Méthode de découpe et d'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 16 à 23, dans laquelle l'opération de découpe (ii) comprend une opération de découpe transversale instantanée des bordures (1a, 1b).
  25. Méthode de découpe et d'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 16 à 24, dans laquelle l'opération de découpe (vi) comprend des déplacements de moyens de découpe centraux (2a, 2b) l'un vers l'autre transversalement à la direction de convoyage (F).
  26. Méthode de découpe et d'alimentation d'une bande (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 16 à 25, en utilisant le dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 15.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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