PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0781667 16.01.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0781667
Titel Reversible thermochrome Zusammensetzung
Anmelder The Pilot Ink Co., Ltd., Nagoya, Aichi, JP
Erfinder Fujita, Ltd., Katsuyuki,The Pilot Ink Co., Nagoya-shi, Aichi-ken 466, JP;
Shibahashi, Yutaka, Nagoya-shi, Aichi-ken 466, JP;
Ono, Yoshiaki, Nagoya-shi, Aichi-ken 466, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69625165
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 24.12.1996
EP-Aktenzeichen 963095070
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 02.07.1997
EP date of grant 04.12.2002
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 16.01.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse B41M 5/28
IPC-Nebenklasse C09K 9/02   

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates to a method for improving the light-fastness (color fastness to light) of reversible thermochromic compositions at the time of color development by bringing into presence an electron accepting, special light-fastness providing agent.

Thermochromic compositions comprised of a combination of electron donating compounds with electron accepting compounds are known in the art as disclosed, e.g., in U.S. Patent No. 3,560,229. In such compositions, their metachromatic temperatures depend on the types of the both compounds used in combination, and hence, it has been very difficult to obtain compositions capable of varying in color at the desired temperature.

The present inventors have previously devised a method in which a specific alcohol, ester or ketone is used as a metachromatic temperature adjuster to adjust the metachromatic temperature to the desired temperature (Japanese Patent Publications No. 51-44706, No. 51-44708, No. 52-7764 and No. 6-59746).

The invention previously made by the present inventors is an epock-making invention in view of the advantages such that the metachromatic temperature can be controlled to any desired temperature even if the combination of an electron donating compound with an electron accepting compound is not varied.

EP-A-059557 and EP-A-0677564, both assigned to the present Applicant, also disclose thermochromic compositions.

EP-A-059557 relates to a thermochromic opaque composition capable of exhibiting change in transparency in response to temperature variation. The thermochromic composition consists of three components; (a) an electron donating colour-developing organic compound, (b) a compound having a phenolic hydroxyl radical; (c) a compound selected from alcohols, esters, ketones and carboxylic acids. This composition is dispersed in single particles, having a size of 0.1 to 2.0µm, in a vinyl chloride - vinyl acetate copolymer. Such dispersions have a low trigger temperature and a high trigger temperature which differ by about 10°C to 50°C; they are coloured and opaque below the low trigger temperature and colourless and transparent above the high trigger temperature, exhibiting very clear hysteresis.

EP-A-0677564 also discloses a thermochromic opaque/transparent composition which likewise is dispersed in a vinyl chloride - vinyl acetate copolymer in the form of particles having a size of 0.1 to 2.0µm. The thermochromic composition corresponds to that of EP-A-0677564 except that the component (c) consists of a homogeneous fused composition containing a compound selected from alcohols, esters, ketones and carboxylic acids.

However, the inventions made by the combination of these electron donating compound and electron accepting compound has a disadvantage that the electron donating compound does not have a high light-fastness and hence any thermochromic compositions making use of it can not have a high light-fastness. Accordingly, the color having varied may become faded by light or, in an extreme instance, may become completely decolored.

In conventional attempts, ultraviolet light absorbers are mixed so that light-fastness can be imparted to compounds. When, however, an ultraviolet light absorber is mixed in thermochromic compositions comprised of an electron donating compound and an electron accepting compound, it brings about an improvement in light fastness when the compositions are in the color-extinguished state but is almost not effective when they are in the color-developed state, and is not effective at all especially with regard to indirect light. When a metallic luster pigment and an ultraviolet light absorber are used in combination to intercept part of visible light rays, they bring about a dramatic improvement in light-fastness when the compositions are in the color-extinguished state but are less effective in the color-developed state, and are not effective at all especially with regard to indirect light. Also, hindered amine type, hindered phenol type, sulfur type or nickel complex type light stabilizers are almost not effective either when the compositions are in the color-extinguished state or when they are in the color-developed state.

The present invention was made in an attempt to solve the problems involved in the prior art and provides a reversible thermochromic composition having improved light-fastness in the color-developed state.

According to the present invention, there is provided a reversible thermochromic composition comprising

  • (a) an electron-donating compound;
  • (b) an electron-accepting compound that reacts with (a) so as to develop color in the composition;
  • (c) a metachromatic temperature adjuster; and
  • (d) an electron-accepting compound having high solubility in metachromatic temperature adjuster (c) and having the general formula I:
    in which CnH2n+1 is a straight or branched long chain alkyl group and n is an integer from 5 to 17; each of x and y is a straight chain or branched alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or a halogen atom; and each of p and m is 0 or an integer from 1 to 3; and the amount of component (d) is from 0.3 to 70 parts by weight based on 1.0 part by weight of component (a) wherein

       compound (d) improves light-fastness of the composition at the stage of color development and has a higher molecular weight than compound (b).

In the accompanying drawings, Figs. 1 to 40 are graphs showing the effects of improvements in the light-fastness, attributable to the present invention.

The invention utilises metachromatism by the use of a reversible thermochromic composition comprising an electron donating compound ["component (a)"], an electron accepting compound ["component (b)"] and a metachromatic temperature adjuster ["component (c)"], and an electron accepting, specific light-fastness providing agent ["component (d)"] represented by the Formula I in an amount of from 0.3 part by weight to 70 parts by weight based on 1.0 part by weight of the electron donating compound to thereby improve the light-fastness of the composition at the time of color development. Preferably, component (d) is present in an amount of from 2.0 parts by weight to 7.0 parts by weight.

The electron donating compound is typified by leuco dyes. The electron donating compound is ionized and comes into an ionized state when brought into an electron-donated state (in which the compound has donated an electron), i.e., in terms of the leuco dyes, when brought into a color-developed state.

When it comes into an ionized state in this way, the light-fastness decreases to cause a lowering of electron donating performance because of light, resulting in a deterioration of reversible thermochromic properties.

Such a decrease in light-fastness when it is in the color-developed state is greatly caused by visible light rays.

When the compound is in a color-extinguished state, it is not ionized and is in a colorless molecular state, and hence the compound is almost not affected by visible light rays.

Ultraviolet light absorbers, metallic luster pigments, antioxidants, aging-preventive agents and so forth which are used to improve light-fastness are effective for improving light-fastness of leuco dyes when they are in the color-extinguished state, but very less effective when they are in the color-developed state.

Such light-fast additives conventionally used have the action to improve light-fastness of substances standing in a molecular state. Almost all substances usually used at places where they may receive light are in a molecular state, and it is very rare for them to be used in an ionic state. Hence, the ultraviolet light absorbers or the like have been well effective.

However, the reversible thermochromic composition of the present invention belongs to a special field of technique, where the ion-donated substance comes into an ionic state, and the composition develops color in such a state. When this composition is in the color-extinguished state, it stands in a molecular state, where it is colorless and does not absorb visible light rays when it is in the molecular state. Hence, its light-fastness can be well effectively improved if only ultraviolet rays are cut. On the other hand, the composition stands colored when it is in the ionic state. Hence the light-fastness can not be well effectively improved if ultraviolet rays only are cut, and visible light rays must be further cut.

The color-developed state and color-extinguished state of the reversible thermochromic composition of the present invention will be described below.

The components (a), (b) and (c) of the reversible thermochromic composition of the present invention are not ionized compounds in the state they are actually handled, and are all molecular compounds. In the reversible thermochromic composition in which these components are uniformly mixed, the components (a) and (b) are ionized and combined to come into the color-developed state at a temperature not higher than the metachromatic temperature. On the other hand, at a temperature not lower than the metachromatic temperature, the ionic bond between the components (a) and (b) disappears, and the components (a) and (b) become independent from each other to turn into molecular compounds and come into the color-extinguished state. The component-(b), which is a phenolic hydroxyl group, undergoes solvation upon its dissolution in the component-(c) metachromatic temperature adjuster to have a strong affinity for the component (c). In the transitional stage of metachromatism, the components (a) and (b) are presumed to come into a state intermediate between the ionized state and the molecular state and to stand in a weak ionic bond in the state they are ionized to a certain extent. The color development occurs if only they come into an even slightly ionized state, and hence the light-fastness in the color-developed state comes into question. Thus, with regard to the light-fastness, the transitional state is regarded as the color-developed state.

Hence, the light-fast additives such as ultraviolet light absorbers conventionally used are effective for improving the light-fastness of compositions when they are in the color-extinguished state, but are not so much effective for improving the light-fastness of compositions when they are in the color-developed state.

It, however, has been found that the light-fastness is greatly improved and no ageing is caused by either visible light or indirect light when the light-fastness providing agent represented by Formula I, is brought into presence at the time of color development.

The reason why the reversible thermochromic composition of the present invention is greatly aged by visible light and indirect light when it is in the color-developed state and why it is not aged by such light when it is in the color-extinguished state has not been well elucidated by an academic approach. However, the present inventors have discovered that the component-(d) light-fastness providing agent represented by Formula I, as having electron accepting properties, has an ionically strong mutual action with the component-(a) electron donating, color forming organic compound at a temperature not higher than the metachromatic temperature and can form the color-developed state, when it is present together with the component-(a) electron donating, color forming organic compound.

Of course, the component-(a) electron donating, color forming organic compound has also an ionically strong mutual action with the conventional, component-(b) electron accepting compound to form the color-developed state. However, it is presumed that the ionic structure ascribable to the ionic mutual action when the composition comes into the color-developed state has a great difference in stability to light between the case of mutual action of (a) with (b) and the case of mutual action of (a) with (d).

The component-(d) light-fastness providing agent has a long-chain alkyl group, and has a great solubility in the component-(c) metachromatic temperature adjuster, which has a strong aromatic atmosphere. Hence, even in a solid where the component-(c) metachromatic temperature adjuster stands crystallized, having a temperature not higher than the metachromatic temperature, the component-(d) light-fastness providing agent having strongly acted with the component-(a) electron donating, color forming organic compound to have formed an ionic state is stabilized at its long-chain alkyl group moiety in the solid where the component-(c) metachromatic temperature adjuster stands crystallized, being stabilized in such a state that it has weakly mutually acted with the component-(c) metachromatic temperature adjuster, and, as the result, the whole structure standing ionic becomes stable to light, as so presumed. Hence, it is also presumed that the component-(a) electron donating, color forming organic compound which stands ionic forms as a whole such a state that, even when it absorbs visible light rays to cause photo-excitation, it does not undergo photo-decomposition or photo-oxidation and releases its energy to return to the original state on a stable cycle.

Structures having a long-chain alkyl group exist in variety. Among them, the structure represented by Formula I exhibits a superior light-fastness improving effect. The reason therefor is also presumed that, since the compound of Formula I has an unbranched structure wherein a hydrogen atom is attached to one side of the central carbon and a long-chain alkyl group to the other side thereof, the component-(c) metachromatic temperature adjuster has an especially good adaptability, i.e., stability, in the crystallized solid.

On the other hand, in the case of the conventional component-(b) electron accepting compound, the alkyl group is short, and it is presumed that the compound has less adaptability in the solid in which the component-(c) metachromatic temperature adjuster is crystallized, having the temperature not higher than the metachromatic temperature, and an ionic-state structure of the components (a) and (b) is present in the state of poor stability. It is therefore presumed that, once the component-(a) electron donating, color forming organic compound which stands ionic absorbs visible light rays to cause photo-excitation, the reaction of photo-decomposition or photo-oxidation preferentially takes place to accelerate deterioration.

The component-(d) light-fastness providing agent used in the compositions of the present invention has the electron accepting properties in itself, and must be used in an amount not less than 0.3 part by weight based on 1.0 part by weight of the electron donating compound when the reversible thermochromic composition is in the color-developed state. If the light-fastness providing agent is present in an amount less than 0.3 part by weight based on 1.0 part by weight of the electron donating compound when the reversible thermochromic composition is in the color-developed state, no sufficient light-fastness can be obtained.

The component-(d) light-fastness providing agent represented by Formula I, used in the compositions of the present invention, is a bisphenol compound or bis(hydroxyphenyl) compound comprising an alkyl group to which two phenyl rings each having a hydroxyl group is attached through the terminal carbon atom. This compound is characterized in that the alkyl group except the terminal carbon atom has 5 to 17 carbon atoms (n). If the number of carbon atoms is less than 5, the alkyl group is so short that the solubility in the component-(c) metachromatic temperature adjuster, having a strong aromatic atmosphere, may be insufficient and a well stabilized structure can not be obtained in the solid atmosphere having a temperature not higher than the metachromatic temperature. If on the other hand the number of carbon atoms is more than 17, the alkyl group is so excessively long that the solubility in the component-(c) metachromatic temperature adjuster, having a strong aromatic atmosphere, may be excessive and, taking account of practical use, the resulting composition can not be practical because it has a weak color forming power and also a poor metachromatic sensitivity.

It is most preferable for the alkyl group to be a straight-chain alkyl group. In the case when the alkyl group is branched, the branch may preferably be as short as possible.

To each of the phenyl rings, a straight-chain or branched alkyl group or a halogen may be attached as a substituent. So long as the alkyl group to which the phenyl groups are attached is the one described above, substantially the same light-fastness can be exhibited.

Since the component-(d) light-fastness providing agent used in the compositions of the present invention has also the electron accepting properties in itself, its use enables control of the amount of the component-(b) electron accepting compound to be used, or in some cases allows replacement of the latter with the former.

In the case when the component-(d) light-fastness providing agent represented by Formula I is replaced with the component-(b) electron accepting compound, that is, in the case when the component-(d) light-fastness providing agent is used as the component-(b) electron accepting compound, it must be used in an amount of from 0.3 part by weight to 70 parts by weight based on 1.0 part by weight of the component-(a) electron donating compound. This is because, in the case when only the component-(d) light-fastness providing agent represented by Formula I is used as the component-(b) electron accepting compound, the former compound (d) commonly has a larger molecular weight than the latter electron accepting compound (b) because of the former's long-chain alkyl group. Thus, the equivalent weight of the phenolic hydroxyl group (molecular weight/the number of phenolic hydroxyl group per molecule) reacting with the component-(a) electron donating compound is larger than the component-(b) electron accepting compound, and hence the component (d) must be used in an amount larger than the case when the component (b) is used as the electron accepting compound. The component-(d) light-fastness providing agent may particularly preferably be used in an amount of from 2.0 to 7.0 parts by weight.

The reason why the reversible thermochromic composition formed of the electron accepting compound and the electron donating compound in combination has a very poor light-fastness to indirect light and visible light when it is in the color-developed state, in particular, why it has a poor light-fastness to indirect light has not been well elucidated by an academic approach. Presumably, this is because the electron donating compound stands ionic when the composition is in the color-developed state.

It, however, is still unclear why the composition has a great light-fastness to visible light and indirect light when it is in the color-extinguished state in the molecular state and why it has a small light-fastness to visible light and indirect light even when it is in the transitional state.

Light stabilizers and metallic luster pigments conventionally used are also less effective when the composition is in the color-developed state.

However, the use of the light-fastness providing agent used in the present invention is effective in all the cases.

The component-(b) electron accepting compound includes compounds having active protons, pseudo acid compounds (which are not acids, but compounds capable of acting as acids in the composition to make the component (a) form color), and compounds having electron holes.

Of the compounds having active protons, a compound having a phenolic hydroxyl group can exhibit the most effective thermochromic properties, and may be a compound selected from aromatic carboxylic acids, aliphatic carboxylic acids having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, carboxylic acid metal salts, acid phosphates and metal salts thereof, 1,2,3-triazole and derivatives thereof, thiourea and derivatives thereof, urea and derivatives thereof, guanidine and derivatives thereof, aromatic or aliphatic carboxylic acid anhydrides, borates, halogenated alcohols, oxazoles, thiazoles, imidazoles, pyrazoles, pyrroles, aromatic sulfonamides and aromatic sulfonimides.

The component-(d) light-fastness providing agent represented by Formula I is a compound having electron accepting properties in itself, and hence it is preferable to control the amount of the component-(b) electron accepting compound by the component-(d) light-fastness providing agent.

In place of the component (b), the component-(d) light-fastness providing agent may be used to serve also as the component (b).

The component-(a) electron donating, color forming organic compound used in the present invention are exemplified in Table 1.

The component-(b) electron accepting compound used in the present invention are exemplified in Table 2 below.

The component-(c) metachromatic temperature adjuster used in the present invention are exemplified in Table 3 below.

The component-(d) light-fastness providing agent used in the present invention are exemplified in Table 4 below.

The reversible thermochromic composition according to the present invention is applied to a substrate in the state the components (a) to (d) are dispersed in a resin binder.

As the substrate, paper, cloth, metallic products, synthetic resin products, ceramic products, concrete products and so forth.

The components (a) to (d) may preferably be enclosed in microcapsules when used to prepare the composition. The components (a) to (d), thus enclosed in microcapsules, can be mixed in the resin binder in the state all the components are surely present and hence a homogeneous composition can be formed, bringing about stable effects.

EXAMPLES

The present invention will be described below in greater detail by giving Examples. Examples for producing the reversible thermochromic composition will be given first as Production Examples.

Production Example 1

Four components comprised of 1.0 part by weight of 3-(N-isobutyl-N-ethylamino)-7,8-benzofluoran, 4.0 parts by weight of 4,4'-methylenebisphenol, 50.0 parts by weight of stearyl alcohol and 2.0 parts by weight of 1,1-bis(4'-hydroxyphenyl)-n-decane were heated and dissolved at 120°C to form a homogeneous mixture (mutual solution), which was then mixed in a mixture solution of 10 parts by weight of EPON (trade name; an epoxy resin available from Yuka Shell Epoxy Kabushikikaisha). Thereafter, the mixture obtained was dropwise added to 100 parts by weight of an aqueous 10% gelatin solution, followed by stirring so as to form minute droplets. A solution separately prepared by dissolving 5 parts by weight of a curing agent EPICURE U (trade name; an amine adduct of epoxy resin available from Yuka Shell Epoxy Kabushikikaisha) in 45 parts by weight of water was added little by little in the above solution being stirred. While keeping the liquid temperature at 80°C, the stirring was continued for about 5 hours to obtain a microcapsular material solution. This material solution was centrifuged to obtain a reversible thermochromic composition, Composition No. 1, capable of varying in color between pink and colorless, having a water content of about 40% by weight.

Production Examples 2 to 90

The procedure of Production Example 1 was repeated to obtain reversible thermochromic compositions, Compositions Nos. 2 to 90, except that the combination of the components (a) to (d) were changed.

Composition and color variation (metachromatism) of these reversible thermochromic compositions Nos. 1 to 90 are shown in Tables 5 to 18.

Compositions Nos. 1 to 71 are compositions used in the present invention, in which the component-(d) light-fastness providing agent is mixed. Compositions Nos. 72 to 90 are compositions for comparison in which the component-(d) light-fastness providing agent is not mixed.

In Tables 5 to 18, mixing proportions are indicated as part(s) by weight.

(Tables 5 to 18)

Using the reversible thermochromic compositions as shown in Tables 5 to 18, light-fastness tests were made in the following was as Examples 1 to 132 and Comparative Examples 1 to 32 to compare their properties.

Preparation of light-fastness test samples:

To make the tests as Examples 1 to 61 and Comparative Examples 1 to 32 each, 10 parts by weight of the reversible thermochromic composition, 45 parts by weight of a xylene solution of acrylic resin (resin solid matter: 50%), 20 parts by weight of xylene and 20 parts by weight of methyl isobutyl ketone were uniformly mixed with stirring, and the mixture obtained was spray-coated on a white vinyl chloride sheet by means of a spray gun to provide thereon a reversible thermochromic layer of about 40 µm thick. The spray-coated products thus obtained were used as light-fastness test samples.

Light-fastness test methods:

As a light-fastness test method, light-fastness against xenon arc lamp light was tested.

The xenon arc lamp light-fastness test was made according to the standard prescribed in JIS L-0843 (a test method for color fastness to xenon arc lamp), using SUNTEST CPU, manufactured by Heraus Co. With regard to exposure time, test samples having different exposure time were obtained at three points of 10 hour exposure, 20 hour exposure and 30 hour exposure.

As another light-fastness test method, light-fastness against north-side in door indirect light was tested. With regard to test days, test samples having different exposure days were obtained at five points of after 14 days, after 28 days, after 42 days, after 56 days and after 70 days.

The light-fastness was evaluated as coloring density retention determined in the following way: Each ample tested for the stated time in the xenon arc lamp light-fastness test and north-side in door indirect light-fastness test and a control (unexposed sample) were examined using a color difference meter (manufactured by Tokyo Denshoku K.K.) to measure a stimulus value (X value) of the density at the time of coloring of the sample.

The coloring density retention was calculated according the following expression: Coloring density retention (%) =100 - stimulus value (X) after exposure / (100 - stimulus value (X) before exposure) x 100

Results obtained are shown in Tables 19 to 30. As is seen from the test results shown in Tables 19 to 30, the present invention brings about an improvement in light-fastness of the reversible thermochromic composition at the time of color development.

Examples 1 to 61 and Comparative Examples 1 to 13 concerns the light-fastness tests made under xenon arc lamp light (i.e., "Xenotest"); and Examples 62 to 132 and Comparative Examples 14 to 32, the tests on light-fastness against north-side in door indirect light (i.e., "northlight test"). As is seen from the rapid decrease in coloring density in Comparative Examples, the present invention is effective.

(Tables 19 to 30)

The light-fastness improvement effect attributable to the present invention is also graphically shown in the accompanying drawings, Figs. 1 to 40, as attenuation of coloring density in the test made using xenon arc lamp light (the Xenotest) and in the test made under north-side in door indirect light (the northlight test).

Figs. 1 to 17 are graphical representations of the attenuation of coloring density in the Xenotest.

With regard to Figs. 3, 4 and 12 to 17, the test was made using the tester at an in-machine temperature of 20°C, and with regard to the other Figures, at 40°C.

Figs. 1 to 17 show the test results obtained in Examples 1 to 61 shown in Tables 19 to 22 and the test results obtained in Comparative Examples 1 to 13 shown in Table 28.

Straight lines in Fig. 1 indicate the results of Examples 5, 4, 3, 2 and 1 in this order from the top, and the line at the lowest part, Comparative Example 1. As is seen from Fig. 1, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 2 indicate the results of Examples 11, 10, 9, 8, 7 and 6 in this order from the top, and the line at the lowest part, Comparative Example 2. As is seen from Fig. 2, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 3 indicate the results of Examples 15, 14, 13 and 12 in this order from the top, and the line at the lowest part, Comparative Example 3. As is seen from Fig. 3, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 4 indicate the results of Examples 20, 19, 18, 17 and 16 in this order from the top, and the line at the lowest part, Comparative Example 4. As is seen from Fig. 4, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 5 indicate the results of Examples 25, 24, 26, 23, 22 and 21 in this order from the top, and the line at the lowest part, Comparative Example 5. As is seen from Fig. 5, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 6 indicate the results of Examples 27 and 28 in this order from the top, and the line at the lowest part, Comparative Example 5. As is seen from Fig. 6, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 7 indicate the results of Examples 34, 35, 33, 31, 32, 30 and 29 in this order from the top, and the line at the lowest part, Comparative Example 6. As is seen from Fig. 7, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 8 indicate the results of Examples 37, 36, 38, 39, 40 and 41 in this order from the top, and the line at the lowest part, Comparative Example 6. As is seen from Fig. 8, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 9 indicate the results of Examples 42, 43, 44 and 45 in this order from the top, and the line at the lowest part, Comparative Example 6. As is seen from Fig. 9, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 10 indicate the results of Examples 51, 50, 49, 48, 47 and 46 in this order from the top, and the line at the lowest part, Comparative Example 7. As is seen from Fig. 10, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 11 indicate the results of Examples 54, 53, 52 and 55 in this order from the top, and the line at the lowest part, Comparative Example 7. As is seen from Fig. 11, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 12 indicate the results of Example 56 and Comparative Example 8 in this order from the top. As is seen from Fig. 12, the reversible thermochromic composition according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 13 indicate the results of Example 57 and Comparative Example 9 in this order from the top. As is seen from Fig. 13, the reversible thermochromic composition according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 14 indicate the results of Example 58 and Comparative Example 10 in this order from the top. As is seen from Fig. 14, the reversible thermochromic composition according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 15 indicate the results of Example 59 and Comparative Example 11 in this order from the top. As is seen from Fig. 15, the reversible thermochromic composition according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 16 indicate the results of Example 60 and Comparative Example 12 in this order from the top. As is seen from Fig. 16, the reversible thermochromic composition according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 17 indicate the results of Example 61 and Comparative Example 13 in this order from the top. As is seen from Fig. 17, the reversible thermochromic composition according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Figs. 18 to 40 are graphical representations of the attenuation of coloring density in the northlight test.

With regard to Figs. 35 to 38, the test was made at an ambient temperature of 5°C, and with regard to the other Figures, at 20°C.

Figs. 18 to 40 show the test results obtained in Examples 62 to 132 shown in Tables 23 to 27 and the test results obtained in Comparative Examples 14 to 32 shown in Tables 29 and 30.

Straight lines in Fig. 18 indicate the results of Examples 66, 65, 64, 63 and 62 in this order from the top, and the line at the lowest part, Comparative Example 14. As is seen from Fig. 18, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 19 indicate the results of Examples 72, 71, 70, 69, 68 and 67 in this order from the top, and the line at the lowest part, Comparative Example 15. As is seen from Fig. 19, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 20 indicate the results of Examples 76, 75, 74 and 73 in this order from the top, and the line at the lowest part, Comparative Example 16. As is seen from Fig. 20, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 21 indicate the results of Examples 81, 80, 79, 78 and 77 in this order from the top, and the line at the lowest part, Comparative Example 17. As is seen from Fig. 21, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 22 indicate the results of Examples 86, 85, 84, 87, 83 and 82 in this order from the top, and the line at the lowest part, Comparative Example 18. As is seen from Fig. 22, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 23 indicate the results of Examples 88 and 89 in this order from the top, and the line at the lowest part, Comparative Example 18. As is seen from Fig. 23, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 24 indicate the results of Examples 95, 94, 92, 96, 91, 93 and 90 in this order from the top, and the line at the lowest part, Comparative Example 19. As is seen from Fig. 24, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 25 indicate the results of Examples 99, 98, 97, 100, 101 and 102 in this order from the top, and the line at the lowest part, Comparative Example 19. As is seen from Fig. 25, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 26 indicate the results of Examples 103, 104, 105 and 106 in this order from the top, and the line at the lowest part, Comparative Example 19. As is seen from Fig. 26, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 27 indicate the results of Examples 112, 111, 110, 109, 108 and 107 in this order from the top, and the line at the lowest part, Comparative Example 20. As is seen from Fig. 27, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 28 indicate the results of Examples 114, 113, 115 and 116 in this order from the top, and the line at the lowest part, Comparative Example 20. As is seen from Fig. 28, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 29 indicate the results of Example 117 and Comparative Example 21 in this order from the top. As is seen from Fig. 29, the reversible thermochromic composition according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 30 indicate the results of Example 118 and Comparative Example 22 in this order from the top. As is seen from Fig. 30, the reversible thermochromic composition according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 31 indicate the results of Example 119 and Comparative Example 23 in this order from the top. As is seen from Fig. 31, the reversible thermochromic composition according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 32 indicate the results of Example 120 and Comparative Example 24 in this order from the top. As is seen from Fig. 32, the reversible thermochromic composition according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 33 indicate the results of Example 121 and Comparative Example 25 in this order from the top. As is seen from Fig. 33, the reversible thermochromic composition according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 34 indicate the results of Example 122 and Comparative Example 26 in this order from the top. As is seen from Fig. 34, the reversible thermochromic composition according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 35 indicate the results of Examples 123 and 124 in this order from the top, and the lines at the lower part, Comparative Examples 28 and 27 in this order. As is seen from Fig. 35, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 36 indicate the results of Examples 125 and 126 in this order from the top, and the lines at the lower part, Comparative Examples 30 and 31 in this order. As is seen from Fig. 36, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 37 indicate the results of Examples 127 and 128 in this order from the top, and the lines at the lower part, Comparative Examples 28 and 27 in this order. As is seen from Fig. 37, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 38 indicate the results of Examples 129 and 130 in this order from the top, and the lines at the lower part, Comparative Examples 30 and 31 in this order. As is seen from Fig. 38, the reversible thermochromic compositions according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 39 indicate the results of Example 131 and Comparative Example 29 in this order from the top. As is seen from Fig. 39, the reversible thermochromic composition according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

Straight lines in Fig. 40 indicate the results of Example 132 and Comparative Example 32 in this order from the top. As is seen from Fig. 40, the reversible thermochromic composition according to the present invention exhibit a very good light-fastness at the time of color development.

As described above, the present invention has an excellent effect that, by the use of the light-fastness providing agent having the specific chemical structure, reversible thermochromic compositions, which have ever had a low light-fastness, can be prevented from being aged by light as a result of electron donating-accepting reaction when they are in the color-developed state, and can thereby be greatly improved in light-fastness.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Reversible thermochrome Zusammensetzung, enthaltend
    • (a) eine Elektronendonatorverbindung;
    • (b) eine Elektronenakzeptorverbindung, die mit (a) unter Farbentwicklung in der Zusammensetzung reagiert;
    • (c) ein metachromatisches Temperatureinstellmittel; und
    • (d) eine Elektronenakzeptorverbindung mit hoher Löslichkeit im metachromatischen Temperatureinstellmittel (c) der allgemeinen Formel I
         in der CnH2n+1 eine geradkettige oder verzweigte lange Alkylkette bedeutet und n eine ganze Zahl von 5 bis 17 bedeutet; X und Y jeweils eine geradkettige oder verzweigte Alkylgruppe mit 1 bis 4 Kohlenstoffatomen oder ein Halogenatom bedeuten; und p und m jeweils 0 oder eine ganze Zahl von 1 bis 3 bedeuten; und die Menge der Komponente (d) 0,3 bis 70 Gewichtsteile, bezogen auf 1,0 Gewichtsteil der Komponente (a), beträgt,
       wobei die Verbindung (d) die Lichtechtheit der Zusammensetzung im Stadium der Farbentwicklung verbessert und ein höheres Molekulargewicht als die Verbindung (b) aufweist.
  2. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Menge der Verbindung der Formel I 2,0 bis 7,0 Gewichtsteile, bezogen auf 1,0 Gewichtsteil der Komponente (a), beträgt.
  3. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, die in Form von Mikrokapseln vorliegt.
  4. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die Komponenten in einem Harzbindemittel dispergiert sind.
  5. Verwendung einer Zusammensetzung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4 zur Herbeiführung einer verbesserten Metachromasie.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A reversible thermochromic composition comprising
    • (a) an electron-donating compound;
    • (b) an electron-accepting compound that reacts with (a) so as to develop color in the composition;
    • (c) a metachromatic temperature adjuster; and
    • (d) an electron-accepting compound having high solubility in metachromatic temperature adjuster (c) and having the general formula I:
      in which CnH2n+1 is a straight or branched long chain alkyl group and n is an integer from 5 to 17; each of x and y is a straight chain or branched alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or a halogen atom; and each of p and m is 0 or an integer from 1 to 3; and the amount of component (d) is from 0.3 to 70 parts by weight based on 1.0 part by weight of component (a) wherein

         compound (d) improves light-fastness of the composition at the stage of color development and has a higher molecular weight than compound (b).
  2. A composition according to claim 1, wherein the amount of the compound of the formula I is from 2.0 to 7.0 parts by weight based on 1.0 part by weight of component (a).
  3. A composition according to claim 1 or claim 2, which is in the form of microcapsules.
  4. A composition according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the components are dispersed in a resin binder.
  5. Use of a composition according to any one of claims 1 to 4, for effecting improved metachromatism.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Composition thermochromique réversible comprenant
    • (a) un composé donneur d'électrons ;
    • (b) un composé accepteur d'électrons qui réagit avec (a) de façon à développer une couleur dans la composition ;
    • (c) un agent d'ajustement de température métachromatique ; et
    • (d) un composé accepteur d'électrons ayant une grande solubilité dans l'agent d'ajustement de température métachromatique (c) et ayant la formule générale I :
    dans laquelle CnH2n+1 est un groupe alkyle à longue chaîne droite ou ramifiée et n est un nombre entier de 5 à 17 ; chacun de X et Y est un groupe alkyle à chaîne droite ou ramifiée ayant 1 à 4 atomes de carbone, ou un atome d'halogène ; et chacun de p et m est 0 ou un nombre entier de 1 à 3 ; et la quantité de composant (d) est de 0,3 à 70 parties en poids pour 1,0 partie en poids de composant (a), le composé (d) améliorant la solidité à la lumière de la composition au stade du développement de couleur et ayant un plus haut poids moléculaire que le composé (b).
  2. Composition selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la quantité du composé de formule I est de 2,0 à 7,0 parties en poids pour 1,0 partie en poids de composant (a).
  3. Composition selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, qui est sous la forme de microcapsules.
  4. Composition selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, dans laquelle les composants sont dispersés dans un liant résineux.
  5. Utilisation d'une composition selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, pour produire un métachromatisme amélioré.






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