PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1277654 27.02.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 1277654
Titel AUSSENBORDMOTOR
Anmelder Ishigaki Co. Ltd., Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder ISHIGAKI, Eiichi, Sakaide-shi, JP;
TONOMURA, Saburo, Minato-ku, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten DE, DK, FR, GB
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 31.01.2002
EP-Aktenzeichen 027104355
WO-Anmeldetag 31.01.2002
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/JP02/00790
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0002062659
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 15.08.2002
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 22.01.2003
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 27.02.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse B63H 21/00
IPC-Nebenklasse B63H 11/08   

Beschreibung[en]
TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to an outboard motor, and in particular, to an improvement to a blade casing.

BACKGROUND ART

For a conventional outboard motor, which has a propeller extending downward from a bottom of a ship so as to be under water, there is a possibility that the propeller is damaged by being caught in seaweed or cord-like objects such as a net or by being brought into contact with sands or rock, resulting in reduced thrust. The accidental contact of a human with the propeller results in injury or death.

Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 12(2000)-168687 discloses a housing provided to the periphery of a propeller so as to prevent a propeller extending into water from being caught in seaweed and the like. However, since an opening of the housing is oriented to the forward running direction of a ship, debris and cord-like objects are likely to enter the housing. Therefore, there is the possibility that the propeller and a propeller shaft incur damage.

A water jet propulsion outboard motor disclosed in Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 7(1995)-89489 reverses a water jet causing a large energy loss upon the reverse running of a ship. With lowered thrust during reverse running, the maneuverability of the ship when getting close to the shore is inferior to that of a conventional propeller outboard motor. Furthermore, a reverser employed to reverse the water jet makes the outboard motor elongated in a longitudinal direction of the ship.

Another water jet propulsion outboard motor is known from EP-A- 0 759 374.

DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION

In view of the conventional problems as described above, the present invention has an object of providing a small and light-weight safety outboard motor with enhanced thrust efficiency, the invention is defined according to claim 1.

According to the first aspect, the direction of rotation of the impeller can be changed by the switching device. When the impeller is rotated in the normal direction, water is sucked through the first opening from the outside and is discharged through the second opening. When the impeller is rotated in the reverse direction, water is sucked through the second opening from the outside and is discharged through the first opening.

Therefore, in the case where the first opening is provided so as to be oriented in a forward direction of a ship whereas the second opening is provided so as to be oriented in a backward direction of the ship, the reverse rotation of the impeller causes the water to be jetted out through the first opening toward the forward direction of the ship, so that the ship can run in the backward direction.

An outboard motor according to a second aspect of the present invention is the outboard motor according to the first aspect, wherein the second opening is adjacent to the impeller.

According to the second aspect, since the second opening is adjacent to the impeller, the blade casing extending in a backward direction of the ship can be shorter, reducing the weight of the outboard motor. Moreover, water flow resistance within the blade casing is reduced.

An outboard motor according to a third aspect of the present invention is the outboard motor of the first aspect, wherein the blade casing includes a bearing rotatably supporting the driven shaft.

An outboard motor according to a fourth aspect of the present invention is the outboard motor of the third aspect, wherein the bearing is provided on the first duct member.

According to the above aspects, since the switching device is fixed to the bearing provided on the first duct member, length of the driven shaft is reduced and the outboard motor becomes compact as well as light-weight.

An outboard motor according to a fifth aspect of the present invention is the outboard motor of the third aspect, wherein the bearing is fixed to a support extending inward from an inner surface of the blade casing.

An outboard motor according to a sixth aspect of the present invention is the outboard motor of the fifth aspect, wherein the bearing rotatably supports an end of the driven shaft.

According to the above aspects, since both ends of the driven shaft are rotatably supported, vibration due to rotation is reduced. Moreover, straightening effects for a water jet can be obtained by the support.

An outboard motor according to a seventh aspect of the present invention is the outboard motor of the fifth aspect, wherein the support is a guide blade.

According to the seventh aspect, since a plurality of guide blades are provided behind the impeller, a swirl flow which is pressurized with the impeller is straightened into a linear flow to be jetted out through the second opening, contributing to increased thrust.

An outboard motor according to an eighth aspect of the present invention is the outboard motor of the third aspect, wherein the switching device is fixed to the bearing.

An outboard motor according to a ninth aspect of the present invention is the outboard motor of the eighth aspect, wherein the drive shaft penetrates through the blade casing.

According to the above aspects, since the switching device is arranged within the blade casing, the driven shaft is shortened, reducing vibration. Moreover, the outboard motor is reduced in size as well as weight.

An outboard motor according to a tenth aspect of the present invention is the outboard motor of the first aspect, wherein the impeller includes a cylindrical hub and axial flow blades; and an inner surface of the second duct member adjacent to the radially outer edges of the axial flow blades, is cylindrical.

According to the tenth aspect, since the amount of discharged water upon normal rotation of the axial flow blades is approximately equal to that upon reverse rotation, the thrust obtained when the ship runs in a reverse direction can be equivalent to that obtained when the ship runs in a forward direction. By switching the rotation of the axial flow blades between normal and reverse directions, a running direction of the ship can be changed to a forward/backward direction within a short period of time.

An outboard motor according to an eleventh aspect of the present invention is the outboard motor of the first aspect, wherein the impeller comprises a conical hub and diagonal flow blades; and an inner surface of the second duct member adjacent to the radially outer edges of the diagonal flow blades, is conical.

According to the eleventh aspect, since the front suction portions of the radially outer edges of the diagonal flow blades for guiding an entering water flow are wide open, suction efficiency is improved to increase thrust during running in a forward direction. Moreover, balance efficiency is enhanced with a plurality of the diagonal flow blades.

An outboard motor according to a twelfth aspect of the present invention is the outboard motor of the first aspect, wherein the impeller comprises a conical hub and axial flow blades; and an inner surface of the second duct member adjacent to radially outer edges of the axial flow blades, is cylindrical.

According to the twelfth aspect, since the hub has a conical shape, the suction performance with the axial flow blades can be close to that obtained with the diagonal flow blades.

An outboard motor according to a thirteenth aspect of the present invention is the outboard motor of the first aspect, wherein the blade casing is detachably divided.

An outboard motor according to a fourteenth aspect of the present invention is the outboard motor of the thirteenth aspect, wherein the blade casing is divided into one on a first opening side and the other on a second opening side.

An outboard motor according to a fifteenth aspect of the present invention is the outboard motor of the thirteenth aspect, wherein the blade casing is divided by a plane including the drive shaft and the driven shaft.

According to the above aspects, the attachment, removal, inspection and repair of the outboard motor are facilitated.

An outboard motor according to a sixteenth aspect of the present invention is the outboard motor of the thirteenth aspect, wherein the impeller is a propeller.

An outboard motor according to a seventeenth aspect of the present invention is the outboard motor of the sixteenth aspect, wherein the outboard motor further comprises: a housing for mounting the driving motor; and an attachment member for fixing the blade casing to the housing, detachably attached to the housing.

According to the above aspects, even in an existing outboard motor with the propeller extending downward from a bottom of the ship, the propeller is protected during running on shallows such as in the vicinity of the shoreline or on a river because the blade casing encloses the propeller and the lower casing. Moreover, accidental contact with the propeller resulting in injury or death is prevented.

With a suction port of the blade casing oriented in a downward direction, the amount of debris and cord-like objects entering the suction port can be reduced. Therefore, the propeller is not easily caught in debris and cord-like objects.

Furthermore, since the blade casing is divided into two parts, i.e., right and left parts, and detachably attached via the attachment member, the blade casing can be readily employed on an existing outboard motor and propeller, and facilitates the inspection and repair of the propeller.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

In the accompanying drawings:

  • FIG. 1 is a side view of an outboard motor according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 2 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of the outboard motor shown in FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 3 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of a propulsion device of the outboard motor shown in FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 4 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of a propulsion device of an outboard motor according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 5 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of a propulsion device of an outboard motor according to a third embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 6 is a front view of a blade casing, divided by a plane including a drive shaft and a driven shaft;
  • FIG. 7 is a side view of a blade casing divided into one on a first opening side and the other on a second opening side; and
  • FIG. 8 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of a forward/backward switching device according to the first to fifth embodiments of the present invention.

BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION

Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings. In the following description, the term "forward" means a forward direction with respect to a running direction of a ship, and "reverse" means a backward direction with respect to the running direction of the ship.

First Embodiment

As shown in FIG. 1, an outboard motor 1 is detachably mounted onto a transom board 2a of a ship 2 through a bracket 3. The operation of a driving motor and the steering are performed with an operation lever 4.

As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the outboard motor 1 comprises an engine 5 as a driving motor, a housing 6, a drive shaft 12, a propulsion device 7, and an attachment member 9.

The drive shaft 12, which is directly connected to the engine 5, extends downward from the engine 5 to be connected to a forward/backward switching device 13 of the propulsion device 7.

A blade casing 8 of the propulsion device 7 is fixed through the attachment member 9 to the housing 6 on which the engine 5 is mounted. The attachment member 9 is fixed to a lower end of the housing 6 with bolts 10.

The housing 6 is provided with an exhaust pipe 16 and a cooling water pump 17 for the engine 5. An eddy plate 11 is provided between the ship 2 and the propulsion device 7.

As shown in FIG. 3, the propulsion device 7 includes the blade casing 8, a bearing 22, the forward/backward switching device 13, a driven shaft 14, and an impeller 15.

The blade casing 8 has a suction duct member 19a (first duct member) defining a bent tube-like suction flow path 19 with a suction port 18 (first opening) on its bottom, and a blade chamber wall 20a (second duct member) defining a blade chamber 20 enclosing the impeller 15, which is connected to the rear of the suction duct member 19a and has a discharge port 21 (second opening) on the rear end.

The suction port 18, situated on the bottom of the outboard motor 1, is provided under the water at the same level as a bottom 2b of the ship, and is slightly inclined in a forward direction.

The discharge port 21 is provided under the water in the vicinity of the bottom 2b of a stem 2c, and is adjacent to the impeller 15.

The bearing 22 is provided on the suction duct member 19a of the blade casing 8 to rotatably support the driven shaft 14.

The forward/backward switching device 13 is fixed to the bearing 22. By means of up/down operation of a shift rod 26, the forward/backward switching device 13 switches to and from normal and reverse rotations of the drive shaft 12 and transmits the forward and backward rotations to the driven shaft 14.

The driven shaft 14, connected to the forward/backward switching device 13, extends backward from the forward/backward switching device 13 and penetrates through the suction duct member 19a of the blade casing 8 to the blade chamber 20.

The impeller 15 is constituted of a cylindrical hub 24 fitted into an end of the driven shaft 14 and a plurality of axial flow blades 23 connected to the hub 24, each having a small width. The impeller 15 is rotated with the driven shaft 14.

A screen 25 is provided over the suction port 18.

According to the first embodiment, since the suction port 18 of the blade casing 8 is situated on the bottom of the outboard motor 1 and is provided under the water at the same level as the bottom 2b, the propulsion device 7 does not protrude beyond the bottom 2b. As a result, the impeller 15 or the blade casing 8 can be prevented from being damaged due to contact with obstacles such as sand or rocks in shallows. At the same time, an accident resulting in injury or death due to contact with the impeller 15 can be prevented from occurring. Moreover, the amount of debris or cord-like objects entering in through the suction port 18 is reduced because the suction port 18 is open in a downward direction. Furthermore, since the suction port 18 is slightly inclined in a forward direction, a water flow is prone to enter through the suction port 18 during the running of the ship.

Since the discharge port 21 is adjacent to the impeller 15, the length of the blade casing 8 protruding in a rear direction from the stern is reduced, resulting in reduction in weight of the propulsion device 7. Moreover, owing to this structure, water flow resistance within the blade casing 8 is reduced.

As the forward/backward switching device 13 is fixed to the bearing 22 provided on the suction duct member 19a of the blade casing 8, the length of the driven shaft 14 can be reduced and the propulsion device 7 is compact as well as light-weight.

The impeller 15 is constituted of the axial flow blades 23, and the discharge port 21 is positioned under the water. Therefore, the reverse rotation of the impeller 15 by use of the forward/backward switching device 13 causes the water sucked through the discharge port 21 to be jetted out through the suction port 18 in a forward direction of the ship, whereby the ship 2 can run in a reverse direction.

Since the amount of discharged water upon normal rotation of the axial flow blades 23 is approximately equal to that upon reverse rotation, a large thrust, which is equal to that obtained when the ship 2 runs in forward, can be obtained even when the ship 2 runs in reverse. By switching the rotation direction of the axial flow blades 23 between a normal direction and a reverse direction, a running direction of the ship 2 can be changed to a forward/backward direction within a short period of time.

Since the screen 25 is provided over the suction port 18, a water flow during running of the ship 2 sweeps debris or cord-like objects along the screen 25 in a rearward direction. Therefore, debris or cord-like objects do not easily enter into the blade casing 8. Moreover, the rotation of the impeller 15 in a reverse direction allows debris or cord-like objects clogging the screen 25 to be washed away.

Owing to the eddy plate 11 provided between the ship 2 and the propulsion device 7, water does not easily splash over the ship.

Second Embodiment

Next, a second embodiment will be described with reference to FIG. 4. The same components as those in the first embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals, and description thereof is omitted.

As shown in FIG. 4, an end of the driven shaft 14 is rotatably supported by a bearing 22a fixed onto a support 27 extending inward from the inner surface of the blade casing 8.

According to the second embodiment, since both ends of the driven shaft 14 are rotatably supported, vibration due to rotation are reduced. Moreover, straightening effects for a water jet can be obtained owing to the support 27.

Third Embodiment

Next, a third embodiment will be described with reference to FIG. 5. The same components as those in the first embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals, and the description thereof is omitted.

As shown in FIG. 5, a blade casing 28 has a suction duct member 30a defining a bent tube-like suction flow path 30 with a suction port 29 on the bottom, and a blade chamber wall 31a defining a barrel-shaped blade chamber 31 enclosing an impeller 15a, which is connected to the rear of the suction duct member 30a and has a discharge port 37 on the rear end.

The impeller 15a is constituted of a conical hub 32 fitted into a driven shaft 34 and a plurality of diagonal flow blades 33 connected to the hub 32. The impeller 15a is rotated with the driven shaft 34.

An end of the driven shaft 34 is rotatably supported by a blade boss 36 which is fixed to a plurality of guide blades 35 extending inward from the inner surface of the blade casing 28.

According to the third embodiment, since a plurality of the guide blades 35 are provided behind the impeller 15a, a swirl flow, which is pressurized with the impeller 15a, is straightened into a linear flow to be jetted out through the discharge port 37. As a result, thrust is increased.

Since the front suction portions of the radially outer edges of the diagonal flow blades 33 are wide open so as to guide an entering water flow, suction efficiency is improved to increase thrust during running in a forward direction. Moreover, balance efficiency is enhanced by a plurality of the diagonal flow blades 33.

Each of the blade casings 8 and 28 according to first through third embodiments may be divided so as to be removable and attachable from/to the housing 6.

As shown in FIG. 6, a blade casing 60 fixed to a lower end of an attachment member 59 is divided into a right blade casing 60a and a left blade casing 60b by a plane including the drive shaft 12 and the driven shaft 14, 34, 43 or 53.

As shown in FIG. 7, a blade casing 61 fixed to a lower end of an attachment member 62 is divided into a suction port side blade casing 61a and a discharge port side blade casing 61b.

Such a structure facilitates the attachment, removal, inspection, and repair of the propulsion device 7.

Next, the forward/backward switching devices 13 and 40 according to first through third embodiments will be described with reference to FIG. 8.

As shown in FIG. 8, the forward/backward switching device 13 or 40 includes a gear case 77, a driving gear 76, a forward gear 78, a reverse gear 79, a clutch 80, a cam rod 86, and a spring 83.

The driving gear 76 is fitted into a lower end of the drive shaft 12 directly connected to the engine, and meshes with the forward gear 78 and the reverse gear 79 which are rotatably supported within the gear case 77 so as to be opposed to each other.

The driven shaft 14 is provided so as to extend into the gear case 77, passing through the forward gear 78, the reverse gear 79 and the clutch 80 between the gears.

A hole extending in an axial direction is provided on an end of the driven shaft 14, into which the spring 83, a spring holder 81, a ball bearing 84 and the cam rod 86 are inserted.

The spring 83 always pushes the cam rod 86 in a shaft end direction of the driven shaft 14 via the spring holder 81 and the ball bearing 84.

An end of the cam rod 86 protrudes from the end of the driven shaft 14, and is always in contact with a vertically movable shift cam 87 which is connected to the shift rod 26.

In the part of the clutch 80 through which the driven shaft 14 passes, a guide slot 88 which penetrates along a line perpendicular to an axis of the driven shaft 14 and extends in an axial direction of the driven shaft 14 is provided.

A clutch pin 82 passes through the spring holder 81 and penetrates through the guide slot 88 to be inserted into the clutch 80. A coil spring 89 prevents the clutch pin 82 from displacing.

The clutch 80 is guided along the guide slot 88 with the clutch pin 82 to move in the axial direction of the driven shaft 14 so as to be fitted into the forward gear 78 or the reverse gear 79.

The downward movement of the shift rod 26 causes the downward movement of the shift cam 87, so that the cam rod 86 in contact with the shift cam 87 is pushed into the driven shaft 14. As a result, the spring 83 is compressed to cause the movement of the clutch 80 along with the spring holder 81, the ball bearing 84 and the clutch pin 82 toward the side of the reverse gear 79. When the clutch 80 is fitted into the reverse gear 79 in this manner, the rotation of the reverse gear 79 is transferred to the driven shaft 14 via the clutch pin 82 to cause the rotation of the impeller 15 in the reverse direction.

The upward movement of the shift rod 26 causes the upward movement of the shift cam 87, so that the cam rod 86 in contact with the shift cam 87 is pushed out from the driven shaft 14 due to the pressing force of the spring 83. As a result, the spring 83 is stretched to cause the movement of the clutch 80 along with the spring holder 81, the ball bearing 84 and the clutch pin 82 toward the side of the forward gear 78. When the clutch 80 is fitted into the forward gear 78 in this manner, the rotation of the forward gear 78 is transferred to the driven shaft 14 via the clutch pin 82 to cause the rotation of the impeller 15 in the normal direction.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

As described above, according to an outboard motor of the present invention, a blade casing and a driven shaft can be reduced in length and the outboard motor can be compact as well as light-weight. A second opening of the blade casing is placed under the water. Therefore, when a direction of rotation of an impeller is reversed, water sucked through the second opening is jetted out in a forward direction of a ship through a first opening so that the ship can efficiently run in reverse. Moreover, the blade casing prevents an impeller from being damaged due to contact with obstacles such as sand or rocks in shallows. Moreover, an accident resulting in injury or death due to contact with the impeller can be prevented, thereby improving the safety of running of the ship. Thus, the outboard motor of the present invention is useful as an outboard motor.


Anspruch[de]
Außenbordmotor: mit einem Antriebsmotor; mit einer Umschaltvorrichtung (13, 40, 64), um die Drehung einer Antriebswelle (12, 65) des Antriebsmotors (5) zwischen Normal- und Rückwärtsrichtungen umzuschalten; mit einem Laufrad (15, 15a, 15b, 15c, 67), das sich mit einer angetriebenen Welle (14, 34, 43, 53, 66) dreht, die mit der Umschaltvorrichtung (13, 40, 64) verbunden ist; und mit einem Schaufelgehäuse (8, 28, 38, 60, 61, 71), das ein erstes Rohrelement (19a, 30a, 39a, 69a) mit einer ersten Öffnung (18, 29, 46, 68), durch die Wasser von außen angesaugt wird, wenn sich das Laufrad (15, 15a, 15b, 15c, 67) in der Normalrichtung dreht, und ein zweites Rohrelement (20a, 31a, 41a, 70a) umfasst, um das Laufrad (15, 15a, 15b, 15c, 67) zu umschließen, das mit dem ersten Rohrelement (19a, 30a, 39a, 69a) verbunden ist, wobei das zweite Rohrelement (20a, 31a, 41a, 70a) eine zweite Öffnung (21, 37, 47, 74) aufweist, durch die Wasser von außen angesaugt wird, wenn sich das Laufrad (15, 15a, 15b, 15c, 67) in der Rückwärtsrichtung dreht; gekennzeichnet durch

ein Gehäuse (6), um den Antriebsmotor (5) zu montieren; und

ein Befestigungselement (9, 59, 62, 72), um das Schaufelgehäuse (8, 28, 38, 60, 61, 71) am Gehäuse (6) zu befestigen, wobei das Befestigungselement (9, 59, 62, 72) sowohl am Gehäuse (6) als auch dem Schaufelgehäuse (8, 28, 38, 60, 61, 71) anbringbar und abnehmbar ist.
Außenbordmotor gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei die zweite Öffnung (21, 37, 47, 74) neben dem Laufrad (15, 15a, 15b, 15c, 67) liegt. Außenbordmotor gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei das Schaufelgehäuse (8, 28) ein erstes Lager (22) umfasst, um die Abtriebswelle (14, 34) drehbar zu lagern. Außenbordmotor gemäß Anspruch 3, wobei das erste Lager (22) auf dem ersten Rohrelement (19a, 30a) vorgesehen ist. Außenbordmotor gemäß Anspruch 3, wobei ein zweites Lager (22a) auf einer Halterung (27, 35) vorgesehen ist, die sich von einer inneren Oberfläche des Schaufelgehäuses (8, 28) nach innen erstreckt. Außenbordmotor gemäß Anspruch 5, wobei das zweite Lager (22a) ein Ende der angetriebenen Welle (14, 34) drehbar lagert. Außenbordmotor gemäß Anspruch 5, wobei die Halterung (35) Leitschaufeln (35) aufweist. Außenbordmotor gemäß Anspruch 3, wobei die Umschaltvorrichtung (13) am ersten Lager (22) befestigt ist. Außenbordmotor gemäß Anspruch 8, wobei die Antriebswelle (65) durch das Schaufelgehäuse (38) eindringt. Außenbordmotor gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei das Laufrad (15) eine zylindrische Nabe (24) und axiale Strömungsschaufeln (23) aufweist; und eine innere Oberfläche des zweiten Rohrelements (20a), die neben den radialen äußeren Rändern der axialen Strömungsschaufeln (23) liegt, zylindrisch ist. Außenbordmotor gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei das Laufrad (15a) eine konische Nabe (32) und diagonale Strömungsschaufeln (33) aufweist; und eine innere Oberfläche des zweiten Rohrelements (31a), die neben den radialen äußeren Rändern der diagonalen Strömungsschaufeln (33) liegt, konisch ist. Außenbordmotor gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei das Laufrad (15c) eine konische Nabe (51) und axiale Strömungsschaufeln (52) aufweist; und eine innere Oberfläche des zweiten Rohrelements (41a), die neben den radialen äußeren Rändern der axialen Strömungsschaufeln (52) liegt, zylindrisch ist. Außenbordmotor gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei das Schaufelgehäuse (8, 28, 38, 60, 61, 71) geteilt abnehmbar ist. Außenbordmotor gemäß Anspruch 13, wobei das Schaufelgehäuse (61) in eines auf einer ersten Öffnungsseite (61a) und das andere auf einer zweiten Öffnungsseite (61b) geteilt ist. Außenbordmotor gemäß Anspruch 13, wobei das Schaufelgehäuse (60) durch eine Ebene geteilt ist, die die Antriebswelle (12, 65) und die Abtriebswelle (14, 34, 43, 53, 66) umfasst. Außenbordmotor gemäß Anspruch 13, wobei das Laufrad eine Schraube (67) umfasst. Außenbordmotor gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei die ersten und zweiten Rohrelemente (19a, 30a, 39a, 69a, 20a, 31a, 41a, 70a) des Schaufelgehäuses (8, 28, 38, 60, 61, 71) zusammenwirken, um mit der ersten Öffnung (18, 29, 46, 68), die nach unten offen ist und am Boden des Außenbordmotors angeordnet ist, einen bogenförmigen Wasser-Durchflußweg zu definieren. Außenbordmotor gemäß Anspruch 1, der ferner aufweist: eine Wirbelplatte (11), die vor dem ersten Rohrelement (19a, 30a) des Schaufelgehäuses (8, 28) vorgesehen ist. Außenbordmotor gemäß Anspruch 1, der ferner aufweist: ein Sieb (25), das an der ersten Öffnung (18, 29, 46, 68) des ersten Rohrelements (19a, 30a, 39a, 69a) des Schaufelgehäuses (8, 28, 38, 60, 61, 71) vorgesehen ist.
Anspruch[en]
An outboard motor comprising: a driving motor (5); a switching device (13, 40, 64) for switching rotation of a drive shaft (12, 65) of the driving motor (5) between normal and reverse directions; an impeller (15, 15a, 15b, 15c, 67) rotated with a driven shaft (14, 34, 43, 53, 66) connected to the switching device (13, 40, 64); and a blade casing (8, 28, 38, 60, 61, 71) including a first duct member (19a, 30a, 39a, 69a) having a first opening (18, 29, 46, 68) through which water is sucked from outside when the impeller (15, 15a, 15b, 15c, 67) is rotated in the normal direction and a second duct member (20a, 31a, 41a, 70a) for enclosing the impeller (15, 15a, 15b, 15c, 67), connected with the first duct member (19a, 30a, 39a, 69a), the second duct member (20a, 31a, 41a, 70a) having a second opening (21, 37, 47, 74) through which water is sucked from the outside when the impeller (15, 15a, 15b, 15c, 67) is rotated in the reverse direction; characterized by a housing (6) for mounting the driving motor (5); and an attachment member (9, 59, 62, 72) for fixing the blade casing (8, 28, 38, 60, 61, 71) to the housing (6), said attachment member (9, 59, 62, 72) being attachable to and detachable from both the housing (6) and the blade casing (8, 28, 38, 60, 61, 71). An outboard motor according to claim 1, wherein the second opening (21, 37, 47, 74) is adjacent to the impeller (15, 15a, 15b, 15c, 67). An outboard motor according to claim 1, wherein the blade casing (8, 28) includes a first bearing (22) for rotatably supporting the driven shaft (14, 34). An outboard motor according to claim 3, wherein the first bearing (22) is provided on the first duct member (19a, 30a). An outboard motor according to claim 3, wherein a second bearing (22a) is provided on a support (27, 35) extending inward from an inner surface of the blade casing (8, 28). An outboard motor according to claim 5, wherein the second bearing (22a) rotatably supports an end of the driven shaft (14, 34). An outboard motor according to claim 5, wherein the support (35) comprises guide blades (35). An outboard motor according to claim 3, wherein the switching device (13) is fixed to the first bearing (22). An outboard motor according to claim 8, wherein the drive shaft (65) penetrates through the blade casing (38). An outboard motor according to claim 1, wherein the impeller (15) comprises a cylindrical hub (24) and axial flow blades (23); and an inner surface of the second duct member (20a), adjacent to radially outer edges of the axial flow blades (23), is cylindrical. An outboard motor according to claim 1, wherein the impeller (15a) comprises a conical hub (32) and diagonal flow blades (33); and an inner surface of the second duct member (31a), which is adjacent to radially outer edges of the diagonal flow blades (33), is conical. An outboard motor according to claim 1, wherein the impeller (15c) comprises a conical hub (51) and axial flow blades (52); and an inner surface of the second duct member (41a), which is adjacent to radially outer edges of the axial flow blades (52), is cylindrical. An outboard motor according to claim 1, wherein the blade casing (8, 28, 38, 60, 61, 71) is detachably divided. An outboard motor according to claim 13, wherein the blade casing (61) is divided into one on a first opening side (61a) and the other on a second opening side (61b). An outboard motor according to claim 13, wherein the blade casing (60) is divided by a plane including the drive shaft (12, 65) and the driven shaft (14, 34, 43, 53, 66). An outboard motor according to claim 13, wherein the impeller comprises a propeller (67). An outboard motor according to claim 1, wherein the first and second duct members (19a, 30a, 39a, 69a , 20a, 31a, 41a, 70a) of the blade casing (8, 28, 38, 60, 61, 71) cooperate to define a curved water flow path with the first opening (18, 29, 46, 68) thereof open downward and situated on the bottom of the outboard motor. An outboard motor according to claim 1, further comprising: an eddy plate (11) provided in front of the first duct member (19a, 30a) of the blade casing (8, 28). An outboard motor according to claim 1, further comprising: a screen (25) provided on the first opening (18, 29, 46, 68) of the first duct member (19a, 30a, 39a, 69a) of the blade casing (8, 28, 38, 60, 61, 71).
Anspruch[fr]
Moteur hors-bord comprenant : un moteur d'entraînement (5), un dispositif de commutation (13, 40, 64) destiné à commuter la rotation de l'arbre de transmission (12, 65) du moteur d'entraînement (5) entre les sens normal et inverse, une hélice (15, 15a, 15b, 15c, 67) mise en rotation avec un arbre de sortie (14, 34, 43, 53, 66) relié au dispositif de commutation (13, 40, 64), et un boîtier d'hélice (8, 28, 38, 60, 61, 71) incluant un premier élément de buse (19a, 30a, 39a, 69a) comportant une première ouverture (18, 29, 46, 68) au travers de laquelle est aspirée de l'eau depuis l'extérieur lorsque l'hélice (15, 15a, 15b, 15c, 67) est mise en rotation dans le sens normal et un second élément de buse (20a, 31 a, 41 a, 70a) destiné à entourer l'hélice (15, 15a, 15b, 15c, 67), relié au premier élément de buse (19a, 30a, 39a, 69a), le second élément de buse (20a, 31 a, 41 a, 70a) comportant une seconde ouverture (21, 37, 47, 74) au travers de laquelle est aspirée de l'eau depuis l'extérieur lorsque l'hélice (15, 15a, 15b, 15c, 67) est mise en rotation dans le sens inverse, caractérisé par un carter (6) destiné à installer le moteur d'entraînement (5), et un élément de fixation (9, 59, 62, 72) destiné à fixer le boîtier d'hélice (8, 28, 38, 60, 61, 71) sur le carter (6), ledit élément de fixation (9, 59, 62, 72) pouvant être rapporté à la fois sur le carter (6) et sur le boîtier d'hélice (8, 28, 38, 60, 61, 71) et démonté de ceux-ci. Moteur hors-bord selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la seconde ouverture (21, 37, 47, 74) est contiguë à l'hélice (15, 15a, 15b, 15c, 67). Moteur hors-bord selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le boîtier d'hélice (8, 28) inclut un premier roulement (22) afin de supporter rotativement l'arbre de sortie (14, 34). Moteur hors-bord selon la revendication 3, dans lequel le premier roulement (22) est prévu sur le premier élément de buse (19a, 30a). Moteur hors-bord selon la revendication 3, dans lequel un second roulement (22a) est prévu sur un support (27, 35) s'étendant vers l'intérieur depuis la surface intérieure du boîtier d'hélice (8, 28). Moteur hors-bord selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le second roulement (22a) supporte rotativement l'extrémité de l'arbre de sortie (14, 34). Moteur hors-bord selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le support (35) comprend des ailettes de guidage (35). Moteur hors-bord selon la revendication 3, dans lequel le dispositif de commutation (13) est fixé sur le premier roulement (22). Moteur hors-bord selon la revendication 8, dans lequel l'arbre de transmission (65) pénètre au travers du boîtier d'hélice (38). Moteur hors-bord selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'hélice (15) comprend un moyeu cylindrique (24) et des pales d'écoulement axiales (23), et la surface intérieure du second élément de buse (20a), contiguë aux bords radialement extérieurs des pales d'écoulement axiales (23), est cylindrique. Moteur hors-bord selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'hélice (15a) comprend un moyeu conique (32) et des pales d'écoulement diagonales (33), et la surface intérieure du second élément de buse (31 a), qui est contiguë aux bords radialement extérieurs des pales d'écoulement diagonales (33), est conique Moteur hors-bord selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'hélice (15c) comprend un moyeu conique (51) et des pales d'écoulement axiales (52), et la surface intérieure du second élément de buse (41 a), qui est contiguë aux bords radialement extérieurs des pales d'écoulement axiales (52), est cylindrique. Moteur hors-bord selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le boîtier d'hélice (8, 28, 38, 60, 61, 71) est divisé pour être démontable. Moteur hors-bord selon la revendication 13, dans lequel le boîtier d'hélice (61) est divisé en une partie sur un premier côté d'ouverture (61a) et en une autre partie sur un second côté d'ouverture (61 b). Moteur hors-bord selon la revendication 13, dans lequel le boîtier d'hélice (60) est divisé par un plan incluant l'arbre de transmission (12, 65) et l'arbre de sortie (14, 34, 43, 53, 66). Moteur hors-bord selon la revendication 13, dans lequel l'hélice comprend un propulseur (67). Moteur hors-bord selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les premier et second éléments de buse (19a, 30a, 39a, 69a, 20a, 31 a, 41 a, 70a) du boîtier d'hélice (8, 28, 38, 60, 61, 71) coopèrent afin de définir un trajet courbe d'écoulement de l'eau, la première ouverture (18, 29, 46, 68) de celui-ci, étant ouverte vers le bas et située sur la partie basse du moteur hors-bord. Moteur hors-bord selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre : une plaque à remous (11) prévue à l'avant du premier élément de buse (19a, 30a) du boîtier d'hélice (8, 28). Moteur hors-bord selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre : un écran (25) prévu sur le première ouverture (18, 29, 46, 68) du premier élément de buse (19a, 30a, 39a, 69a) du boîtier d'hélice (8, 28, 38, 60, 61,71).






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