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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1288177 10.04.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 1288177
Titel FEUERFESTE, PORÖSE FORMKÖRPER MIT HOHEM ALUMINIUMOXIDGEHALT UND VERFAHREN ZU DESSEN HERSTELLUNG
Anmelder Asahi Glass Co., Ltd., Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder ISHINO, Toshihiro,c/o Asahi Glass Company Li, Takasago-shi, Hyogo 676-8655, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 30.05.2001
EP-Aktenzeichen 019344019
WO-Anmeldetag 30.05.2001
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/JP01/04522
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001092183
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 06.12.2001
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 05.03.2003
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 10.04.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse C04B 35/657

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a refractory used for glass tank furnaces, in particular, to a porous high-alumina fused cast refractory suitable for upper structures of glass tank furnaces, and a method of its production.

Fused cast refractories are provided by melting formulated refractory raw materials in an electric arc furnace completely, pouring the resulting melt into casting molds having a predetermined configuration (casting), and solidifying the melt by cooling to ordinary temperature, in many cases, with heat insulation. It is widely known that fused cast refractories are denser and more corrosion-resistant than fired and unfired bonded refractories.

Among these fused cast refractories, high-Al2O3 fused cast refractories have suitably been used mainly as glass tank furnace refractories. For example, high alumina fused cast refractories mainly composed of &agr;-Al2O3 crystals and &bgr;-Al2O3 crystals are frequently used at portions of glass tank furnaces which contact with molten glass and have such dense structures that they have porosities of 4% and less, provided that pores called shrinkage cavities inevitably formed during the cooling step after casting are ignored.

Therefore, improvements of high-Al2O3 fused cast refractories have been focused on densification to minimum porosities with the aim of increasing corrosion resistance against glass.

US-patent 2,474,544 describes a fused cast alumina refractory article containing approximately 5% of an alkaline oxide and approximately 1.5% of a commercial sodalime glass, the remainder of said article being substantially entirely crystalline alumina, said article having a dense, finely crystalline structure. The crystalline alumina which exists as a mixture of the alpha and beta crystal forms in approximately equal proportions.

In recent years, the application of the technique of oxygen burning to glass tank furnaces has generated a new demand on glass tank furnace refractories. Namely, though conventional glass tank furnaces usually use silica bricks having bulk specific gravities of about 2 for ceilings and other upper structures (such as crowns), there is a problem that high concentrations of alkali vapor in glass tank furnaces utilizing the technique of oxygen burning erode silica bricks considerably. As a countermeasure, use of high-alumina fused cast refractories excellent in corrosion resistance against alkali vapor for these upper structures is considered. Conventional high-alumina fused cast refractories are grouped into two classes: those called void-free which are dense residues of refractories obtained by cutting off shrinkage cavities, and so-called regular casts, which partly contain shrinkage cavities.

It is unadvisable to use void-free high-alumina fused cast refractories for upper structures of glass tank furnaces because such low-porosity refractories having higher bulk specific gravities than silica bricks are heavy in weight and require upper structure supports having high mechanical strength. Another disadvantage of them is their poor thermal shock resistance due to their dense structures.

On the other hand, though regular cast high-alumina fused cast refractories containing shrinkage cavities have low bulk specific gravities, but there is a problem that cracks are generated along the border of shrinkage cavities due to the great difference in physical properties across the border during the operation of the furnace.

Namely, conventional high-alumina fused cast refractories are advantageous in view of corrosion resistance against glass by virtue of their low porosity and denseness but their high bulk specific gravities is disadvantageous to their use for parts which do not require so much corrosion resistance such as upper structures in view of structural strength and cost.

In the meanwhile, increase of the porosities of cast refractories has been attempted. For example, JP-A-59-88360 proposes a porous high-alumina fused cast refractory having a porosity of at least 20%. Because the proposed refractory has as low an alkali metal oxide content as 0.25% or below, the porous high-alumina fused cast refractory is composed predominately of &agr;-Al2O3 crystals. However, &agr;-Al2O3 crystals readily become &bgr;-Al2O3 crystals through reaction with an alkali vapor while expanding in volume to form a brittle structure. Therefore, the proposed porous high-alumina fused cast refractory does not have enough corrosion resistance to be used for upper structures of glass tank furnaces.

JP-A-3-208869 proposes the use of a foaming agent such as a metal, carbon and a carbide to form pores. The use of a foaming agent has a problem in the production process because the vigorous foaming reaction between a foaming agent and a melt which involves generation of carbon dioxide or the like makes it difficult to control the melting.

The object of the present invention is to provide a porous high-alumina fused cast refractory which has sufficient corrosion resistance against an alkali vapor or the like, is light in weight and has excellent thermal shock resistance and a method of producing it.

The present invention provides a porous high-alumina fused cast refractory comprising from 94 to 98 mass% of Al2O3, from 1 to 6 mass%, in total, of Na2O and/or K2O as chemical components, which is mainly composed of &agr;-Al2O3 crystals and &bgr;-Al2O3 crystals, has pores dispersed in it and has a porosity of from 5 to 30%, wherein the ratio of &agr;-Al2O3 crystals to the sum of &agr;-Al2O3 crystals and &bgr;-Al2O3 crystals is from 30 to 70 mass %.

The present invention also provides a method of producing a porous high-alumina fused cast refractory comprises from 94 to 98 mass% of Al2O3 from 1 to 6 mass%, in total, of Na2O and/or K2O as chemical components, which is mainly composed of &agr;-Al2O3 crystals and &bgr;-Al2O3 crystals, has pores dispersed in it and has a porosity of from 5 to 30%, wherein the ratio of &agr;-Al2O3 crystals to the sum of &agr;-Al2O3 crystals and &bgr;-Al2O3 crystals is from 30 to 70 mass %, which comprises blowing a gas, especially a gas containing oxygen, into a molten refractory material, casting and slowly cooling the refractory material to form pores in it dispersedly.

The porous high-alumina fused cast refractory of the present invention (hereinafter referred to as the present cast refractory) comprises from 94 to 98 mass% (hereinafter abbreviated simply as %) of Al2O3, from 1 to 6%, in total, of Na2O and/or K2O (hereinafter referred to as alkali metal oxides) as chemical components.

If Al2O3 exceeded 98% or the alkali metal oxides were less than 1%, the refractory would be mainly composed of &agr;-Al2O3 crystals (corundum crystals, hereinafter referred to as &agr;-crystals) alone, which readily turn into &bgr;-Al2O3 crystals (R2O·nAl2O3, wherein R is Na or K, and n is a real number around 11, herein after referred to as &bgr;-crystals) upon contact with an alkali vapor while expanding in volume when used for upper structures of a glass tank furnace, and the corrosion resistance would become inadequate due to the resulting structural embrittlement.

On the other hand, if Al2O3 were 94% or less or the alkali metal oxides exceeded 6%, the present cast refractory would be mainly composed of &bgr;-crystals alone and have such a low compressive strength as 30 MPa or below, and use of the present cast refractory for upper structures of a glass furnace would make a problem in view of mechanical strength. It is preferred that Al2O3 is from 94.5 to 96.5%, and the alkali metal oxides are from 2.5 to 4.5%.

The present cast refractory preferably comprises SiO2 as another component to form a matrix glass phase. The matrix glass phase helps formation of a crack-free refractory by relaxing strain stress which occurs during the annealing. The SiO2 content is preferably from 0.3 to 1.5%, particularly from 0.5 to 1.0%.

The present cast refractory is mainly composed of &agr;-crystals and &bgr;-crystals. In addition to &agr;-crystals and &bgr;-crystals, the present cast refractory comprises a matrix glass phase comprising SiO2, R2O and CaO as main components (hereinafter the present matrix glass phase) and pores and has such a structure that the matrix glass phase fills gaps between the crystals, and pores are dispersed between the &agr;-crystals, &bgr;-crystals and the present matrix glass phase. It is preferred that pores are dispersed uniformly because the durability of the refractory increases with the uniformity of pore dispersion.

In the present invention, with respect to the mass ratio of &agr;-crystals to &bgr;-crystals, the ratio of &agr;-crystals/(&agr;-crystals + &bgr;-crystals) is from 30 to 70%. It is unfavorable that the mass ratio exceeds 70% because the &agr;-crystals readily turns into &bgr;-crystals by reacting with an alkali vapor, and the accompanying volume expansion leads to embrittlement. It is also unfavorable that the mass ratio is less than 30%, because &bgr;-crystals turn into &agr;-crystals in turn, and the accompanying volume shrinkage leads to structural embrittlement. The ratio of &agr;-crystals to &bgr;-crystals can be controlled by adjusting the R2O content.

In the present cast refractory, pores are formed dispersedly, and the porosity is from 5 to 30%. In the present specification, the porosity is measured after removal of shrinkage cavities from the refractory. If the porosity is less than 5%, a porous high-alumina fused cast refractory which is-light in weight and excellent in thermal shock resistance can not be obtained, and if the porosity exceeds 30%, the corrosion resistance against an alkali vapor and float components and the strength are insufficient. The porosity is preferably within the range of from 7 to 25%. The porosity (%) is calculated as porosity = (1-(d2/d1))×100 from the true specific gravity d1 and the bulk specific gravity d2.

In the present invention, it is preferred that at least 80%, preferably at least 90%, of the pores formed dispersedly in it have diameters of from 1 µm to 3 mm because pores are formed without remarkable deterioration in strength while sufficient corrosion resistance is secured. Though pores can have various shapes, because most pores are oval, the size of a pore means the average of the longer diameter and the shorter diameter in the present specification.

The present cast refractory is obtainable like ordinary fused cast refractories by formulating a refractory material of a predetermined composition, putting the refractory material in an electric furnace at a high temperature of at least 2000°C until the refractory material melts completely, pouring the resulting melt into a casting mold having a predetermined shape by casting and slowly cooling the melt, but is characterized in that a large amount of a gas is blown into the melt before casting. Blowing of a gas into a melt allows favorable formation of pores in the refractory and production of a cast refractory having a much smaller amount of shrinkage cavities.

In the present invention, a gas is blown between fusion of the refractory material and casting, preferably while the refractory material is completely molten. A preferable way to blow a gas is to blow a large amount of a high temperature gas through a ceramic or metal tube inserted in the melt. Appropriate control of the kind of the gas, the blow time and the amount of the blow gas allows formation of a given amount of desired pores in the refractory.

In the present invention, though the mechanism of pore formation is unclear, but it is supposed that the high temperature blow gas dissolved in the melt in a supersaturated state is released as the solubility decreases upon cooling. Therefore, oxygen or an oxygen-containing gas containing at least 20 vol% of oxygen such as air is preferable as the blow gas because improvement of porosity is great in proportion of the amount of the blow gas by virtue of its low solubility at low temperature.

It is preferred that the oxygen-containing gas is blown in an amount of from 0.5 to 2.0 (L/1 kg melt) for a few minutes just before casting. A longer blow time is preferable in the case of a gas having a low oxygen content.

Now the present invention will be described with reference to Examples (Examples 1 to 8) and Comparative Examples (Examples 9 to 12).

Bayer's alumina (with a purity of 99% or above) as the Al2O3 source, silica sand (with a purity of 99% or above) as the SiO2 source, and other material powders such as Na2CO3, K2CO3, and CaCO3 were mixed into material blends having predetermined compositions, and they were fused completely in a single phase AC 500 KVA arc electric furnace having graphite electrodes at temperatures of from 2000 to 2200°C.

Then, various gases (each having a purity of 99% or above) were blown in the amounts (L/1 kg melt) shown in Tables 1 and 2 for blow times (min) shown in Tables 1 and 2. The resulting melts were poured into graphite molds having internal dimensions of 130 mm × 160 mm × 350 mm, and the resulting casts were withdrawn from the graphite molds and allowed to cool to around room temperature in a slow cooling box while insulated with Bayer's alumina powder.

[The evaluation results]

The chemical compositions (%) and the ratio of &agr;-crystals (%) (i.e. &agr;-crystals/(&agr;-crystals + &bgr;-crystals)) of the various fused cast refractories and the results of their evaluation are shown in Tables 1 and 2.

Bulk specific density: measured by Archimedes' method.

Compressive strength (MPa): measured in accordance with JIS R2206.

Thermal shock resistance (the number of cycles): A 50 mm × 50 mm × 50 mm specimen was cut out of each fused cast refractory and subjected to repeated cycles of 15 minutes of incubation in an electric furnace at an internal temperature of 1500°C and 15 minutes of cooling down in the atmosphere, and evaluated from the number of cycles which had been repeated when a crack was first recognized on the surface with the naked eye.

Amount of corrosion (mm): For evaluation of corrosion resistance, a 50 mm × 50 mm × 50 mm specimen was cut out of each fused cast refractory and used as the rid of a crucible containing Na2CO3. The crucible was placed in an electric furnace at 1550°C for 24 hours with the rid on it and taken out, and the amount of the corrosion of the specimen was measured. For reference, it is noted that silica bricks commonly used as a ceiling refractory for conventional glass tank furnaces corroded to a depth of 20 mm.

Appearance of the corroded surface: After measurement of the amount of corrosion, the samples were inspected for swells and the like with the naked eye. Those having swells were rated as swollen, and those having no swells were rated as good.

Pore information: The cast refractories were cut along the vertical axis of the casting mold and inspected for uniformity of pore distribution with the naked eye. In Examples 1 to 8, about 95% of the pores were from 1 µm to 3 mm in size, and the pore distribution was uniform. Table 1 Ex. 1 Ex. 2 Ex. 3 Ex. 4 Ex. 5 Ex. 6 Chemical composition    Al2O3 95 95 95 95 95 95    Na2O 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.0 3.5    K2O 0 0 0 0 0.5 0    SiO2 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9    CaO and others 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 Ratio of &agr;-crystals 40 40 40 40 50 40 Blow amount    Oxygen gas 0.7 1.3 1.7 0 1.7 7.0    Nitrogen gas 0 0 0 0 0 0    Air 0 0 0 1.7 0 0 Blow time 1 1 2 2 2 4 Porosity 5.2 11.5 18.1 5.5 15.0 28.4 Bulk specific gravity 3.31 3.09 2.86 3.30 2.90 2.50 Compressive strength 167 142 122 170 130 75 Amount of corrosion 0 0 0 0 0 2 Appearance of corroded surface Good Good Good Good Good Swollen Thermal shock resistance 8 10 10 6 10 10
Table 2 Ex. 7 Ex. 8 Ex. 9 Ex. 10 Ex. 11 Ex. 12 Chemical composition    Al2O3 97 94.2 95 93 98.5 95    Na2O 2.0 4.5 3.5 6.5 0.3 3.5    K2O 0 0 0 0 0 0    SiO2 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.2 0.25 0.8    CaO and others 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.3 0.25 0.7 Ratio of &agr;-crystals 70 30 40 0 100 40 Blow amount    Oxygen gas 1.7 1.7 0 0 0 10    Nitrogen gas 0 0 0 0 0 0    Air 0 0 0 0 0 0 Blow time 2 2 0 0 0 2 Porosity 25.0 17.0 3.4 8.0 5.2 34.1 Bulk specific gravity 2.80 2.75 3.37 3.00 3.70 2.30 Compressive strength 90 70 180 30 250 60 Amount of corrosion 3 0 0 0 5 5 Appearance of corroded surface Swollen Good Good Good Swollen Swollen Thermal shock resistance 6 10 2 20 1 10

The present cast refractory has sufficient corrosion resistance against alkali vapors and the like and excellent thermal shock resistance and therefore is suitable as a glass tank furnace refractory. Besides, because of its porous structure in which fine pores are uniformly dispersed, it has a low bulk specific gravity and is light in weight and obtainable at low cost compared with dense high Al2O3 fused cast refractories.

Accordingly, it is a perfect refractory for structural parts of glass tank furnaces such as upper structures, especially for the upper structure of oxygen-burning glass tank furnaces.

Because no foaming agent is used in its production, dissolution control is easy. Therefore, the present invention makes it possible to produce porous high-alumina fused cast refractories having pores dispersed uniformly in it readily at low cost.


Anspruch[de]
Poröses, feuerfestes Schmelzgußmaterial mit hohem Aluminiumoxidgehalt, umfassend von 94 bis 98 Masse-% an Al2O3, von 1 bis 6 Masse-%, im Gesamten, an Na2O und/oder K2O als chemische Komponenten, welches hauptsächlich aus &agr;-Al2O3-Kristallen und &bgr;-Al2O3-Kristallen aufgebaut ist, Poren darin dispergiert aufweist und eine Porosität von 5 bis 30% aufweist, wobei das Verhältnis von &agr;-Al2O3-Kristallen zu der Summe an &agr;-Al2O3-Kristallen und &bgr;-Al2O3-Kristallen von 30 bis 70 Masse-% beträgt. Poröses, feuerfestes Schmelzgußmaterial mit hohem Aluminiumoxidgehalt, welches von 94,5 bis 96,5 Masse-% an Al2O3, von 2,5 bis 4,5 Masse-%, im Gesamten, an Na2O und/oder K2O und von 0,3 bis 1,5 Masse-% an SiO2 umfaßt. Poröses, feuerfestes Schmelzgußmaterial mit hohem Aluminiumoxidgehalt gemäß Anspruch 2, welches &agr;-Al2O3-Kristalle, &bgr;-Al2O3-Kristalle, eine Glasmatrixphase, umfassend SiO2, R2O und CaO als Hauptkomponenten, und Poren umfaßt und eine solche Struktur aufweist, daß die Glasmatrixphase Lücken zwischen den Kristallen füllt und die Poren zwischen den &agr;-Al2O3-Kristallen, den &bgr;-Al2O3-Kristallen und der Glasmatrixphase dispergiert sind. Poröses, feuerfestes Schmelzgußmaterial mit hohem Aluminiumoxidgehalt gemäß Anspruch 3, wobei mindestens 80% der Poren, darin dispergiert, Durchmesser von 1 µm bis 3 µm aufweisen. Verfahren zur Herstellung eines porösen, feuerfesten Schmelzgußmaterials mit hohem Aluminiumoxidgehalt, umfassend von 94 bis 98 Masse-% an Al2O3, von 1 bis 6 Masse-%, im Gesamten, an Na2O und/oder K2O als chemische Komponenten, welches hauptsächlich aus &agr;-Al2O3-Kristallen und &bgr;-Al2O3-Kristallen aufgebaut ist, darin dispergiert Poren aufweist und eine Porosität von 5 bis 30% aufweist, wobei das Verhältnis an &agr;-Al2O3-Kristallen zu der Summe an &agr;-Al2O3-Kristallen und &bgr;-Al2O3-Kristallen von 30 bis 70 Masse-% beträgt, welches das Blasen eines Gases in ein geschmolzenes feuerfestes Material, das Gießen und das langsame Abkühlen des feuerfesten Materials, um darin dispergiert Poren zu bilden, umfaßt. Verfahren zur Herstellung eines porösen, feuerfesten Schmelzgußmaterials mit hohem Aluminiumoxidgehalt gemäß Anspruch 5, wobei das Gas ein sauerstoffhaltiges Gas ist. Verfahren zur Herstellung eines porösen, feuerfesten Schmelzgußmaterials mit hohem Aluminiumoxidgehalt gemäß Anspruch 5 oder 6, wobei das Gas während des Intervalls zwischen dem Schmelzen des feuerfesten Materials und dem Gießen eingeblasen wird, während das feuerfeste Material vollständig geschmolzen ist. Verfahren zur Herstellung eines porösen, feuerfesten Schmelzgußmaterials mit hohem Aluminiumoxidgehalt gemäß Anspruch 5, 6 oder 7, wobei das Gas durch ein Keramik- oder Metallrohr geblasen wird.
Anspruch[en]
A porous high-alumina fused cast refractory comprising from 94 to 98 mass% of Al2O3, from 1 to 6 mass%, in total, of Na2O and/or K2O as chemical components, which is mainly composed of &agr;-Al2O3 crystals and &bgr;-Al2O3 crystals, has pores dispersed in it and has a porosity of from 5 to 30%, wherein the ratio of &agr;-Al2O3 crystals to the sum of &agr;-Al2O3 crystals and &bgr;-Al2O3 crystals is from 30 to 70 mass%. The porous high-alumina fused cast refractory according to Claim 1, which comprises from 94.5 to 96.5 mass% of Al2O3, from 2.5 to 4.5 mass%, in total, of Na2O and/or K2O and from 0.3 to 1.5 mass% of SiO2. The porous high-alumina fused cast refractory according to Claim 2, which comprises &agr;-Al2O3 crystals, &bgr;-Al2O3 crystals, a matrix glass phase comprising SiO2, R2O and CaO as main components, and pores, and has such a structure that the matrix glass phase fills gaps between the crystals, and pores are dispersed between the &agr;-Al2O3 crystals, the &bgr;-Al2O3 crystals and the matrix glass phase. The porous high-alumina fused cast refractory according to Claim 3, wherein at least 80% of the pores dispersed in it have diameters of from 1 µm to 3 mm. A method of producing a porous high-alumina fused cast refractory comprises from 94 to 98 mass% of Al2O3 from 1 to 6 mass%, in total, of Na2O and/or K2O as chemical components, which is mainly composed of &agr;-Al2O3 crystals and &bgr;-Al2O3 crystals, has pores dispersed in it and has a porosity of from 5 to 30%, wherein the ratio of &agr;-Al2O3 crystals to the sum of &agr;-Al2O3 crystals and &bgr;-Al2O3 crystals is from 30 to 70 mass %, which comprises blowing a gas into a molten refractory material, casting and slowly cooling the refractory material to form pores in it dispersedly. The method of producing a porous high-alumina fused cast refractory according to Claim 5, wherein the gas is an oxygen-containing gas. The method of producing a porous high-alumina fused cast refractory according to Claim 5 or 6, wherein the gas is blown during the interval between fusion of the refractory material and the casting while the refractory material is completely molten. The method of producing a porous high-alumina fused cast refractory according to Claim 5, 6 or 7, wherein the gas is blown through a ceramic or metal tube.
Anspruch[fr]
Matériau réfractaire poreux coulé à l'état fondu à haute teneur en alumine, comprenant de 94 à 98 % en masse de Al2O3, de 1 à 6 % en masse, au total, de Na2O et/ou K2O en tant que composants chimiques, qui est constitué principalement de cristaux de &agr;-Al2O3 et de cristaux de &bgr;-Al2O3, a des pores dispersés en son sein et a une porosité de 5 à 30 %, dans lequel la porportion des cristaux de &agr;-Al2O3 sur la somme des cristaux de &agr;-Al2O3 et de cristaux de &bgr;-Al2O3 est de 30 à 70 %. Matériau réfractaire poreux coulé à l'état fondu à haute teneur en alumine selon la revendication 1, qui comprend de 94,5 à 96,5 % en masse de Al2O3, de 2,5 à 4,5 % en masse, au total, de Na2O et/ou K2O, et de 0,3 à 1,5 % en masse de SiO2. Matériau réfractaire poreux coulé à l'état fondu à haute teneur en alumine selon la revendication 2, qui comprend des cristaux dé &agr;-Al2O3, des cristaux de &bgr;-Al2O3, une phase de verre de matrice comprenant SiO2, R2O et CaO comme composants principaux, et des pores, et qui a une structure telle que la phase de verre de matrice remplit des espaces entre les cristaux, et les pores sont dispersés entre les cristaux de &agr;-Al2O3, les cristaux de &bgr;-Al2O3 et la phase de verre de matrice. Matériau réfractaire poreux coulé à l'état fondu à haute teneur en alumine selon la revendication 3, dans lequel au moins 80 % des pores dispersés en son sein ont des diamètres de 1 µm à 3 mm. Procédé de production d'un matériau réfractaire poreux coulé à l'état fondu à haute teneur en alumine comprenant de 94 à 98 % en masse de Al2O3, de 1 à 6 % en masse, au total, de Na2O et/ou K2O comme composants chimiques, qui est constitué principalement de cristaux de &agr;-Al2O3 et de cristaux de &bgr;-Al2O3, a des pores dispersés en son sein, et a une porosité de 5 à 30 %, dans lequel la proportion des cristaux de &agr;-Al2O3 sur la somme des cristaux de &agr;-Al2O3 et des cristaux de &bgr;-Al2O3 est de 30 à 70 %, qui comprend l'insufflation d'un gaz dans un matériau réfractaire fondu, la coulée et le refroidissement lent du matériau réfractaire pour former des pores dans celui-ci de manière dispersée. Procédé de production d'un matériau réfractaire poreux coulé à l'état fondu à haute teneur en alumine selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le gaz est un gaz contenant de l'oxygène. Procédé de production d'un matériau réfractaire poreux coulé à l'état fondu à haute teneur en alumine selon la revendication 5 ou 6, dans lequel le gaz est insufflé pendant l'intervalle entre la fusion du matériau réfractaire et la coulée, pendant que le matériau réfractaire est complètement fondu. Procédé de production d'un matériau réfractaire poreux coulé à l'état fondu à haute teneur en alumine selon la revendication 5, 6 ou 7, dans lequel le gaz est insufflé par un tube en matière céramique ou en métal.






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