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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1288477 10.04.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 1288477
Titel Zylinderblock einer Mehrzylinderbrennkraftmaschine
Anmelder Honda Giken Kogyo K.K., Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder Kawakubo, Hiroyuki, Wako-shi, Saitama, JP;
Nakayasu, Tetsuya, Wako-shi, Saitama, JP;
Kato, Tadashi, Wako-shi, Saitama, JP;
Oya, Nobuyuki, Hamamatsu-shi, Shizuoka, JP;
Hirata, Tatsuya, Hamamatsu-shi, Shizuoka, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 30.07.2002
EP-Aktenzeichen 020168951
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 05.03.2003
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 10.04.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse F02F 7/00
IPC-Nebenklasse F02F 1/00   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a cylinder block of plural cylinder engine, and more particularly, to a cylinder block of plural cylinder engine having: a cylinder main body in which plural cylinder bores each having a piston slide surface to slide a piston in an inner periphery are provided in parallel in an axial direction of a crankshaft, and a crankcase, having plural journal walls rotatably supporting at least a half part of the crankshaft, integrally provided with the cylinder main body, in which communication holes extending in parallel in the axial line of the crankshaft are provided in the cylinder main body and the crank case while at least a part of the communication holes are opened in the inner peripheries of the cylinder bores.

Conventionally, such cylinder block is already known in, e.g., Japanese Published Unexamined Patent Application No. Hei 11-182326.

A conventionally known is a structure where a communication hole connecting adjacent crankcases is provided in a cylinder block to prevent increase in pumping loss due to increase in pressure in the crankcase upon down movement of piston. A burr, which cannot be removed by honing process to form a piston slide surface in an inner surface of a cylinder bore, may occur at an open edge of the communication hole.

For this reason, in the above conventional art, the distance between the burr which occurs in the open edge of the communication hole and an oil ring at a lower end of the piston at the bottom dead center is set to 3 mm or longer, so as to prevent the increase in slide resistance by contact between the oil ring at the lower end of the piston and the burr at the open edge of the communication hole.

However, in the above-described dimensional setting, downsizing of the cylinder block is limited in a direction along the axial line of the cylinder bore, and freedom of positional setting of the communication hole is narrowed. Further, as the burr remains at the open edge of the communication hole, ventilation resistance of air flow through the communication hole increases. To sufficiently reduce the pumping loss, it is necessary to reduce the ventilation resistance of the air flow through the communication hole.

The present invention has been made in view of such situation, and has its object to provide a cylinder block of plural cylinder engine which enables downsizing of cylinder block and increases freedom of positional setting of the communication hole, further, reduces ventilation resistance of air flow through the communication hole.

To attain the above object, the invention in claim 1 is characterized by a cylinder block of plural cylinder engine, having: a cylinder main body in which plural cylinder bores each having a piston slide surface to slide a piston in an inner periphery are provided in parallel in an axial direction of a crankshaft, and a crankcase, having plural journal walls rotatably supporting at least a half part of said crankshaft, integrally provided with said cylinder main body, in which communication holes extending in parallel to the axial line of said crankshaft are provided in said cylinder main body and the crank case while at least a part of the communication holes are opened in the inner peripheries of said cylinder bores, wherein cut-processed members expanded further outward from said piston slide surface are formed along a radial direction of the cylinder bores, in an inner surface of said cylinder bores in at least a portion closer to said piston at an open edge of said communication holes.

According to the construction of the invention in claim 1 as above, even if a burr has occurred at the open edge of the communication hole in at least a portion closer to the piston, the burr is removed by formation of the cut-processed member, and the piston at the bottom dead center can be set in a position closer to the axial line of the communication hole. Accordingly, the cylinder block can be downsized in the direction along the axial line of the cylinder bore, and the freedom of positional setting of the communication hole can be increased. Further, as the burr that increased the ventilation resistance of air flow between the cylinder bore and the communication hole is removed, the pumping loss can be further reduced.

Further, the invention in claim 2 is characterized in that, in addition to the construction of the invention in the above-described claim 1, a large-diameter hole having a diameter greater than an inner diameter of said piston slide surface is formed at an end on the crankcase side of said cylinder bores, and wherein said cut-processed member is formed to have a bent semicircular cross-sectional shape with a radius approximately the same as a radius of said large-diameter hole in a plane orthogonal to an axial line of said cylinder bores. According to the construction, upon formation of the large-diameter hole as a clearance for a machining tool for honing of the piston slide surface, the cut-processed member can be formed, and machining of the large-diameter hole and the cut-processed member can be easily made. Further, as the large-diameter hole has approximately the same radius as that of the cut-processed member, the amount of movement of the machining tool along the radial direction of the cylinder bore upon machining of the large-diameter hole and the amount of movement of the machining tool along said radial direction upon machining of the cut-processed member can be set to an equal amount, and the machining of the large-diameter hole and the cut-processed member can be more easily performed.

The invention in claim 3 is characterized in that, in addition to the construction of the invention in the above-described claim 2, said large-diameter hole and said cut-processed member are formed serially in the axial direction of the cylinder bores. According to the construction, upon machining of the large-diameter hole, the cut-processed member can be formed in a portion corresponding to the communication hole by moving the machining tool in the axial direction of the cylinder bore, and the machining can be more easily performed.

Further, the invention in claim 4 is characterized in that, in addition to the construction of the invention in the above-described claim 1, said cut-processed member as a slope intersecting said piston slide surface and the inner surface of said communication holes is formed in the inner surface of said cylinder bores in a portion closer to said piston at the open edge of said communication holes. According to the construction, the air flow between the cylinder bore and the communication hole is guided by the cut-processed member as a slope, thereby the ventilation resistance of the air flow can be further reduced, and the pumping loss can be further efficiently reduced.

Hereinbelow, working examples of the present invention will be described in accordance with embodiments of the present invention shown in the attached drawings. It is illustrated in:

  • Fig. 1:

    A longitudinal sectional view of the cylinder block according to the first embodiment.

  • Fig. 2:

    A cross-sectional view along the line 2-2 in Fig. 1.

  • Fig. 3:

    An enlarged view of the part 3 in Fig. 1.

  • Fig. 4:

    A cross-sectional view along the line 4-4 in Fig. 3.

  • Fig. 5:

    An enlarged view of the part 5 in Fig. 2.

  • Fig. 6:

    A cross-sectional view corresponding to Fig. 2 of the cylinder block according to the second embodiment.

  • Fig. 7:

    An enlarged cross-sectional view along the line 7-7 in Fig. 6.

Fig. 1 to 5-show a first embodiment of the present invention. Fig. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of a cylinder block; Fig. 2, a cross-sectional view along a line 2-2 in Fig. 1; Fig. 3, an enlarged view of part 3 in Fig. 1; Fig. 4, a cross-sectional view along a line 4-4 in Fig. 3; and Fig. 5, an enlarged view of part 5 in Fig. 2.

First, in Figs. 1 and 2, an engine cylinder block 15 having plural cylinders, e.g., 4 cylinders, comprises integrated cylinder main body 16 and crankcase 17, molded of aluminum alloy or the like.

In the cylinder main body 16, plural e.g. 4 cylindrical sleeves 20... forming piston slide surfaces 19... to slide pistons 18... in inner peripheral surfaces are embedded at intervals in a direction along an axial line of a crankshaft 21 connecting the respective pistons 18..., and first to fourth cylinder bores 22A, 22B, 22C and 22D having large parts of the inner peripheral surfaces as the piston slide surfaces 19... are provided in parallel in the axial line of the crankshaft 21 in the cylinder main body 16.

The crankcase 17 having plural e.g. 5 first to fifth journal walls 23A, 23B, 23C, 23D and 23E is integrally formed with the cylinder main body 16. The first to fifth journal walls 23A to 23E, which rotatably support an upper half part of the crank shaft 21 on both sides of the first to fourth cylinder bores 22A to 22D, are integrally provided with the cylinder main body 16 between the first to fourth cylinder bores 22A to 22E.

Communication holes 25 and 26, having an axial line parallel to the axial line of the crankshaft 21 and at least a part (upper half part in this embodiment) opened in inner peripheries of the first and second cylinder bores 22A and 22B, are formed by boring with a boring tool 24A from the first journal wall 23A side, in a connection portion between the first and second journal walls 23A, 23B and the cylinder main body 16. Further, communication holes 27 and 28, having an axial line parallel to the axial line of the crankshaft 21 and at least a part (upper half part in this embodiment) opened in inner peripheries of the third and fourth cylinder bores 22C and 22D, are formed by boring with a boring tool 24B from the fifth journal wall 23E side, in a connection portion between the fourth and fifth journal walls 23D, 23E and the cylinder main body 16.

The communication hole 26 between the first and second cylinder bores 22A and 22B connects a crankcase 29A between the first and second journal walls 23A and 23B with a crankcase 29B between the second and third journal walls 23B and 23C, for preventing increase in pumping loss due to increase in pressure on one side of the both crankcases 29A and 29B upon downward movement of the piston 18 on the one side of the both crankcases 29A and 29B. Further, the communication hole 27 between the third and fourth cylinder bores 22C and 22D connects a crankcase 29C between the third and fourth journal walls 23C and 23D with a crankcase 29D between the fourth and fifth journal walls 23D and 23E, for preventing increase in pumping loss due to increase in pressure on one side of the both crankcases 29D and 29E upon downward movement of the piston 18 on the one side of the both crankcases 29D and 29E.

Further, the communication hole 25 occurs by boring of the communication hole 26 by the boring tool 24A, and the communication hole 28 occurs by boring of the communication hole 27 by the boring tool 24B. However, as not-shown covers are attached to both ends of the cylinder block 15 along the axial line of the crankshaft 21, the communication holes 25 and 28 are closed with those covers.

In Figs. 3 and 4, cut-processed members 30A, 30A, expanded further outward than the piston slide surfaces 19, 19 along a radial direction of the first and second cylinder bores 22A and 22B are formed in at least portions closer to the piston 18 of open edges at both ends of the communication hole 26, i.e., in upper parts of the open edges and in inner surfaces of the first and second cylinder bores 22A and 22B.

Further, cut-processed members 30A..., expanded further outward than the piston slide surfaces 19... along the radial direction of the respective cylinder bores 22A, 22C and 22D are formed in at least portions of open edge of the communication hole 25 to the first cylinder bore 22A, an open edge of the communication hole 27 to the third and fourth cylinder bores 22C and 22D, and an open edge of the communication hole 28 to the fourth cylinder bore 22D, closer to the piston 18, in the inner surfaces of the respective cylinder bores 22A, 22C and 22D.

Note that the respective piston slide surfaces 19... are honing processed. As shown in Fig. 5, large-diameter holes 31... having a diameter greater than an inner diameter of the piston slide surfaces 19... are formed, as clearances for a machining tool upon honing, at ends on the crankcase 17 side of the respective cylinder bores 22A to 22D.

Further, the respective cut-processed members 30A... are formed so as to have a bent semicircular cross-sectional shape with a radium approximately the same as a radius of the large-diameter hole 31... in a plane orthogonal to an axial line of the respective cylinder bores 22A to 22D. The respective cut-processed members 30A... are formed by a cutter 32 (See Fig. 4) for machining the large-diameter holes 31... .

Further, the respective large-diameter holes 31... and the respective cut-processed members 30A... are formed such that they are serially provided along the axial line direction of the respective cylinder bores 22A to 22D.

Next, operations of this first embodiment will be described. The communication holes 25, 26, 27 and 28 expanding in parallel to the axial line of the crankshaft 21 are provided in the cylinder main body 16 and the crank case 17 while at least a part of the communication holes 25 to 28 are opened in the inner peripheries of the first to fourth cylinder bores 22A to 22D. The cut-processed members 30A... expanded further outward from the piston slide surfaces 19... are formed along the radial direction of the cylinder bores 22A to 22D, in inner surfaces of the respective cylinder bores 22A to 22D in at least portions closer to the pistons 18... at open edges of the communication holes 25 to 28.

For this reason, in at least portions closer to the pistons 18... at the open edges of the respective communication holes 25 to 28, even if a burr accompanying the machining by the boring tools 24A and 24B has occurred, the burr is removed by formation of the cut-processed mummers 30A... . In this arrangement, as the pistons 18... at the bottom dead center can be positioned further closer to the axial line of the communication holes 25 to 28, the cylinder block 15 can be downsized in a direction along the axial line of the cylinder bores 22A to 22D, and the freedom of positional setting of the communication holes 25 to 28 can be increased. Further, among the respective communication holes 25 to 26, in the communication holes 26 and 27 for ventilation of air flow between the crankcases 29A, 29B and the crankcases 29C, 29D to reduce pumping loss, as the burr which increases the ventilation resistance of the air flow between the cylinder bores 22A, 22B and the communication hole 26, and between the cylinder bores 22C, 22D and the communication hole 27 is removed, the pumping loss can be further reduced.

Further, the large-diameter holes 31... having the diameter greater than the inner diameter of the piston slide surfaces 19... are formed at ends on the crankcase 17 side of the respective cylinder bores 22A to 22D, and the cut-processed members 30A... are formed to have a bent semicircular cross-sectional shape with a radius approximately the same as a radius of the large-diameter holes 31... in the plane orthogonal to the axial line of the respective cylinder bores 22A to 22D. Accordingly, the cut-processed members 30A... can be formed when the large-diameter holes 31... are formed by the cutter 32 as clearances for a machining tool upon honing of the piston slide surfaces 19..., thus machining of the large-diameter holes 31... and the cut-processed members 30A... can be easily performed. Further, as the large-diameter holes 31... and the cut-processed members 30A... have approximately the same radius, the amount of movement of the cutter 32 along the radial direction of the cylinder bores 22A to 22D upon machining of the large-diameter holes 31... and the amount of movement of the cutter 32 along the radial direction upon machining of the cut-processed members 30A... can be set to an equal amount, and the machining of the large-diameter holes 31... and the cut-processed members 30A... can be more easily performed.

Further, as the large-diameter holes 31... and the cut-processed members 30A... are serially formed in the axial direction of the cylinder bores 22A to 22D, the cut-processed members 30A... can be formed in portions corresponding to the communication holes 25 to 28 upon machining of the large-diameter holes 31... by the cutter 32, by moving the cutter 32 in the axial direction of the cylinder bores 22A to 22D. Thus the machining can be more easily performed.

Note that the large-diameter holes 31... and the cut-processed members 30A... are serially formed on the outer side from the piston slide surfaces 19... along the radial direction of the cylinder bores 22A to 22D. As the communication holes 25 to 28 extend in the direction parallel to the axial line of the crankshaft 21 and orthogonal to the axial line of the cylinder bores 22A to 22D, the mutually serially provided large-diameter holes 31... and the cut-processed members 30A... do not adversely affect the oscillation phenomenon of the pistons 18... (piston strap).

Figs. 6 and 7 show a second embodiment of the present invention. Fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the cylinder block corresponding to Fig. 2 of the first embodiment; and Fig. 7, an enlarged cross-sectional view along a line 7-7 in Fig. 6.

Cut-processed members 30B, 30B expanded further outward from the piston slide surfaces 19, 19 along the radial direction of the first and second cylinder bores 22A and 22B are formed as slopes intersecting the piston slide surfaces 19 and the inner surface of the communication hole 26 in at least portions closer to the piston 18 at open edges on both ends of the communication hole 26 between the first and second cylinder bores 22A and 22B, i.e., in upper parts of the open edges and inner surfaces of the first and second cylinder bores 22A and 22B.

Further, regarding the other communication holes 25, 27 and 28 (See the first embodiment in Figs. 1 to 5), the cut-processed members 30B... are formed in the inner surfaces of the respective cylinder bores in portions closer to the pistons 18... at the open edges to the cylinder bores.

According to the second embodiment, the air flow between the cylinder bores 22A, 22B and the communication hole 26 is guided by the cut-processed member 30B as a slope, thereby the ventilation resistance of the air flow is further reduced, and the pumping loss can be more effectively reduced.

Note that as the open edge of the communication hole 26 opened in the cylindrical piston slide surface 19 has a three-dimensional curve, the slope cut-processed member 30B cannot be easily formed over the entire periphery of the open edge of the communication hole 26. However, as the cut-processed member 30B is formed in the inner surfaces of the cylinder bores 22A and 22B in the portions closer to the piston 18 at the open edge of the communication hole 26, the slope cut-processed members 30B... can be formed without difficult machining.

The embodiments of the present invention have been described as above. The present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, but various design changes can be made without departing from the present invention described in the claims.

As described above, according to the invention in claim 1, the cylinder block can be downsized in the direction along the axial direction of the cylinder bores, the freedom of positional setting of the communication hole can be increased, further, the pumping loss can be further reduced.

Further, according to the invention in claim 2, machining of the large-diameter hole and the cut-processed member can be easily performed.

According to the invention in claim 3, the machining can be further easily performed.

Further, according to the invention in claim 4, the air flow between the cylinder bore and the communication hole is guided by the cut-processed member, thereby the ventilation resistance of the air flow is further reduced, and the pumping loss can be more effectively reduced.

Object: In a cylinder block of plural cylinder engine, having: a cylinder main body in which plural cylinder bores are provided in parallel in an axial direction of a crankshaft; and a crankcase having plural journal walls, integrally provided with the cylinder main body, in which a communication hole extending in parallel to the axial line of the crankshaft is provided in the cylinder main body and the crankcase while at least a part of which is opened in the inner peripheral surface of the cylinder bore, to downsize the cylinder block and increase freedom of positional setting of the communication hole, further to reduce ventilation resistance of air flow through the communication hole.

Means of Solution: A cut-processed member 30A expanded further outward from a piston slide surface 19 is formed along a radial direction of cylinder bores 22A and 22B, in inner surfaces of the cylinder bores 22A and 22B in at least portions closer to a piston at an open edge of a communication hole 26.


Anspruch[en]
  1. A cylinder block of plural cylinder engine, having: a cylinder main body (16) in which plural cylinder bores (22A to 22D) each having a piston slide surface (19) to slide a piston (18) in an inner periphery are provided in parallel in an axial direction of a crankshaft (21); and a crankcase (17), having plural journal walls (23A to 23E) rotatably supporting at least a half part of said crankshaft (21), integrally provided with said cylinder main body (16), in which communication holes (25 to 28) extending in parallel to the axial line of said crankshaft (21) are provided in said cylinder main body (16) and said crank case (17) while at least a part of the communication holes (25 to 28) are opened in the inner peripheries of said cylinder bores (22A to 22D), wherein cut-processed members (30A and 30B) expanded further outward from said piston slide surface (19) are formed along a radial direction of the cylinder bores (22A to 22D), in an inner surface of said cylinder bores (22A to 22D) in at least a portion closer to said piston (18) at an open edge of said communication holes (25 to 28).
  2. The cylinder block of plural cylinder engine according to claim 1, wherein a large-diameter hole (31) having a diameter greater than an inner diameter of said piston slide surface (19) is formed at an end on the crankcase (17) side of said cylinder bores (22A to 22D), and wherein said cut-processed member (30A) is formed to have a bent semicircular cross-sectional shape with a radius approximately the same as a radius of said large-diameter hole (31) in a plane orthogonal to an axial line of said cylinder bores (22A to 22D).
  3. The cylinder block of plural cylinder engine according to claim 2, wherein said large-diameter hole (31) and said cut-processed member (30A) are formed serially in the axial direction of the cylinder bores (22A to 22D).
  4. The cylinder block of plural cylinder engine according to claim 1, wherein said cut-processed member (30B) as a slope intersecting said piston slide surface (19) and the inner surface of said communication holes (25 to 28) is formed in the inner surface of said cylinder bores (22A to 22D) in a portion closer to said piston (18) at the open edge of said communication holes (25 to 28).






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