PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1105589 15.05.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 1105589
Titel VORGEFERTIGTER PLASTIKSCHUPPEN UND SEINE BAUTEILE
Anmelder Royal Group Technologies Ltd., Woodbridge, Ontario, CA
Erfinder DE ZEN, Vic, Woodbridge, CA
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69906756
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 17.08.1999
EP-Aktenzeichen 999380892
WO-Anmeldetag 17.08.1999
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/CA99/00741
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0000011280
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 02.03.2000
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 13.06.2001
EP date of grant 09.04.2003
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 15.05.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse E04B 1/12
IPC-Nebenklasse E04H 1/12   E04C 2/20   

Beschreibung[en]
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to prefabricated small area sheds such as those used, for example, for storing garden tools and equipment in backyards.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Various prefabricated sheds of the type with which the present invention is concerned are presently available usually formed of wood or steel components. These sheds which are quite expensive are sold as kits to the ultimate consumer who assemble them in their backyards or other locations.

In order to erect these sheds, a base must be provided on which the shed is to sit. Such bases may be concrete pads or wood platforms the provision of which is normally the responsibility of the customer who also must provide proper anchorage of the shed to the base.

Such prior art sheds when erected are often very flimsy with the metal sheds subject to rattling in the wind. Further roof loading is limited and the roofs are subject to buckling or collapse under heavy snow loads.

Further such sheds are subject to weathering with the metal sheds subject to rusting and they require significant maintenance to keep them from deteriorating and becoming an eye sore.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention resides in providing a very economical prefabricated shed which overcomes the problems of the present small area sheds, the shed being formed of plastic components to be sold as a kit, the components being easily assembled into a permanent structurally sound maintenance free attractive structure.

In another aspect the present invention involves the packaging of the fabricated shed components in a packing case or crate that serves as the shed base and providing a very simple novel arrangement for anchoring the shed to the base.

More particularly, according to one aspect of the invention, the shed is a rectangular structure having side walls, gabled end walls which slope upwardly to a central ridge and a roof, all formed of connected hollow plastic panels with the roof sloping upwardly from the side walls towards a central ridge, the roof panels being supported at the lower ends on the side walls and at their upper ends by a ridge beam assembly. This ridge beam assembly comprises a metal beam spanning between and supported by the end walls, the beam being encased in a longitudinal plastic sleeve extending between the end walls, the sleeve being formed with an integral longitudinally extending downwardly sloping braced shelve at each side thereof for supporting the upper ends of the roof panels and a ridge flashing overlying the ridge beam assembly and the upper ends of the roof panels.

According to the preferred embodiment of the invention, the ridge beam sleeve is formed with a upwardly facing channel presenting latch hooks at the upper edges thereof and the ridge flashing comprises a pair of wings sloping downwardly from an apex at an angle corresponding to the roof pitch and being provided with downwardly projecting legs adapted to telescopically engage with the sleeve channel, the legs having latch hooks at their lower ends to snap interlock with the sleeve channel latch hooks.

Again, according to the preferred form of the invention, the wall and roof panels are formed at each longitudinal edge thereof with a hollow locking T and the means connecting the panels comprises a rectangular hollow extrusion having hollow right angularly inturned locking fingers to tightly encompass and grasp the locking T's of adjoining panels.

According to another aspect of the invention, the components of the shed kit include aluminum channel members for securement to the base for the shed provided by the packing case. These channel members have an integral bottom nailing fin for fastening them to the base around its perimeter with the channel members having a width to receive the lower ends of the wall panels for securement thereto. When mounted, these channels present an inner channel wall higher than the outer channel wall to provide run off of any water accumulating in the channel to the outside of the shed.

In another aspect of the invention, the hollow shed extrusions are provided with small flexible plastic inserts at the points where fasteners are employed to permanently secure the components in assembled relation.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

These and other features will become apparent from the detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings in which

  • Figure 1 is a perspective view of an assembled shed formed of prefabricated plastic components in accordance with the invention.
  • Figure 2 is a broken away perspective view of a lower corner of the shed of Figure 1 showing how the side and end panels are interlocked together and secured to the base channel and showing details of the connected panels and the corner connector.
  • Figure 3 is a broken away perspective view of an upper rear corner of the shed of Figure 1 illustrating a corner connector connecting a side and a rear wall panel and showing how a roof panel is supported at its lower end on the side wall cap member and showing how the upper end of an end wall is closed by an end wall cap member.
  • Figure 4 is a more or less diagrammatical view of the shed of Figure 1 diagrammatically illustrating the support of the ridge beam of the ridge beam assembly.
  • Figure 5 is a broken away perspective view illustrating the manner of closing the ends of the shed ridge.
  • Figure 6 is a broken away perspective view illustrating how the front end wall is assembled and showing the framing for the door opening with the doors to be hinged therein.
  • Figure 7 is a broken away perspective view showing how the ridge beam assembly supports the upper end of the roof panels and showing the ridge flashing ready to be assembled with the ridge beam assembly.
  • Figure 8 is a perspective exploded view showing how the ridge beam assembly is assembled with the beam being mounted to be supported in a notch in the rear wall of the shed.
  • Figure 9 is a cross sectional view taken transversely of the length of one of the extruded plastic panels used for the shed walls and roof showing the profile of these panels and further showing the panel engaged by an extruded connector having hollow locking fingers in accordance with the invention for connecting panels in aligned relation.
  • Figure 10 is an enlarged cross section of the connector shown in Figure 9.
  • Figure 11 is a broken away enlarged perspective view showing a corner connector having hollow interlocking fingers and a wall panel having a hollow T-shaped end adapted to be secured within the connector fingers.
  • Figure 12 is a perspective view of the packing case or crate in which the components making up the prefabricated shed are packaged and Showing the top and bottom platforms of the case which are to form the base of the shed erected from the packaged components.
  • Figure 13 is a perspective view of the assembled packing case platforms to form the shed base and showing the shed anchoring channels being assembled on the base ready to receive the shed walls comprising the shed wall panels and their connectors.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION ACCORDING TO THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS OF THE PRESENT INVENTION

With reference to Figure 1, the shed generally designated at 1 and constructed of assembled prefabricated components in accordance with the invention is shown mounted on a base or platform 2 formed from the packing case in which the components were shipped as hereinafter more fully explained.

The shed 1 Figure 1 has a rectangular cross section having side walls 3 and end walls, that is front and rear walls 4a and 4b respectively, with the front wall 4a being cut away to provide a door opening 5 in which doors 6 are hingedly mounted. The roof 7 of the shed slopes upwardly from the side walls 3 to a central ridge 8. Suitable veats 9 may be provided in one or more walls of the shed.

A typical shed, as an example, would have side walls of some six feet (183 cm) and end walls of some eight feet (244 cm) measured in a horizontal direction and the height of the shed from the base 2 to the ridge 8 would be of the order of some six feet (183 cm).

All of the walls 3 and 4a and 4b and the roof 7 are formed from hollow extruded thermoplastic panels having, before being cut where required, the cross section or profile illustrated by the panel P shown in Figure 9. The Figure also shows the panel P engaged by a connector 10.

In particular, as shown in Figure 1, the side walls are formed from two panels 11 having the profile of panel P joined by a connector 10 with these panels 11 and connector 10 being squared off at the top to provide a level top to the side walls.

Also as shown in Figure 1 the front wall 4a is shown formed of three panels joined by connectors 10. These panels comprise a pair of panels 12 cut to provide sloping top surfaces corresponding to the pitch of the shed roof and also cut away to provide the door opening, and a short central panel 13 having its upper end cut to slope upwardly to a central peak.

It will be understood that the rear wall 4b is formed of connected corresponding panels 12a (see Figure 3) and 13a (see Figure 8) except that the panels 12a are not cut out for a door opening and the panel 13a will extend the full height of the shed.

As illustrated by the panel profile in Figure 9, each of the panels 11, 12, 12a, 13 and 13a is a hollow extrusion having parallel spaced walls 14 connected by webs 15 to provide a plurality of longitudinal chambers or compartments 16 running the length of the panel. The side edges of the panel terminate in a hollow T formation 17 with the width of the head of the T being less than the spacing of the side walls 14 for engagement with the connectors 10 shown in Figures 9 and 10 for connecting the panels in aligned relation and the connector 18 shown in Figure 11 for connecting the side and end panels in right angular relation at the shed corners.

More particularly, the connector 10 is a square extrusion having side walls 19 from which extend right angular inturned fingers 20 which are hollow and reinforced by the internal diagonal webs 21 at the point the fingers turn inwardly.

These hollow fingers 20 provide an extremely strong solid interlock with the hollow panel T-shaped connector 17 providing a very tight fit between the interlocked members.

The connectors 10 can readily be assembled with the panels by sliding one relative to the other with the hollow fingers having sufficient resiliency to be introduced under the heads of the T connectors 17 while recovering into a tight seal when assembled with the panel.

The corner connector 18 shown in Figure 11 is provided with fingers identical to those of connector 10 and again identified by the numeral 20. However, in the case of the corner connector 18, these fingers are on adjacent sides of the connector.

The various panels and the connectors 10 and 18 are preferably extruded from polyvinyl chloride including suitable stiffening agents and are coextruded to provide a thin protective skin or cap stock covering the outer surfaces thereof which are exposed when the shed is assembled.

As shown in Figure 1, each side of the roof is formed from two roof panels 22 which are identical to the side wall panels 12 and are joined by a connector 10.

As illustrated in Figure 3, the lower ends of the roof panels 22 are supported from the upper end of the side walls on a side wall cap 23 fitting down over the top of the side wall and presenting a sloping surface 24 angled to the pitch of the roof. An end cap 25 closes the open end of the roof panels.

As further illustrated in Figure 3, the roof portion formed by the roof panels 22 is closed at the end or rear wall 4a by an end wall cap 26 formed to seat down on top of the rear wall panel 12a. This end wall cap 26 has locking fingers 27 corresponding to the locking fingers of the connectors 10 and 18 to interlock with the roof wall panel edge T formations 17 and with an extended section 28 to project beyond the rear wall 4a to provide a roof overhang.

The upper end of the roof panels are supported on a ridge beam assembly shown in Figures 7 and 8 and generally designated at 29. This assembly comprises a beam 30 in the form of back to back channels 31 preferably of steel to provide a narrow flanged 1-beam.

Sleeved on this beam 30 is a plastic sleeve 32 having an outwardly and downwardly sloping support shelve 33 at each side thereof for supporting the upper ends of the roof panels and the end caps 25.

Each of the shelves 33 is braced by a web 34 extending diagonally outwardly from the bottom of the sleeve 32 to the underside of the shelve 33.

The sleeve 32 is preferably an extrusion of PVC containing suitable stiffening agents and has its exposed surface coated with a cap stock.

The beam 30 is adapted to span between the front and rear walls 4 and 4a of the shed and to be supported on the top thereof.

As shown in Figure 8, the rear wall central panel 13a had its innerface notched to provide a seat 35 for one end of the beam 30. As shown in Figure 6, the front wall central panel 13 is similarly notched to provide a seat 36 for the beam 30 at the front of the shed.

To provide reinforcing support for the beam, the internal compartment of the rear wall panel 13a beneath the seat 35 has a wood post 37 sleeved down into the compartment to reach from the bottom of the seat 35 to the shed base 2.

Similarly, at the front of the shed, a short wood insert is sleeved down into the respective compartment of the central panel 13 below the seat 36.

It will be understood that the door opening 5 will be finished by door framing members comprising vertical members 39 and a horizontal top member 40 spanning between the vertical members 39 and the insert 38 extends down to rest on the top door frame member 40.

It will be understood that the doors 41 will be suitably hinged in the framed door opening 5.

The simplified diagram Figure 4 illustrates the position of the beam supporting inserts 37 and 38.

Returning to Figures 7 and 8, it will be seen that the sleeve 32 is provided with an integral upwardly facing channel 42 with the upper edges of the channel walls being formed with inturned latching or locking hooks 43.

To covet the ridge of the shed, a ridge cover or flashing 44 of PVC is provided having downwardly sloping wings 45 beneath which are spaced legs 46 terminating in latches or hooks 47 adapted to interlock with the latch hooks 43 of the channel 42 to seal the roof. The upper surface of these wings is provided with a protective cap stock.

To close the space at the ends of the ridge flashing 44 between the spaced ends of the end wall caps 26, an end cap member 48 is provided as illustrated in Figure 5.

As illustrated in Figure 2, the shed base 2 has mounted thereon at the edges thereof channel members 46 formed with a laterally extending nailing fin 47 and formed to present an inner wall 48 substantially higher than the outer wall 49 so that water accumulating in the channel members 46 will spill outwardly and not into the shed.

As illustrated in Figure 2, the walls of the shed fit down into the channels 46 and are secured thereto by suitable screws or fasteners 50.

To provide added holding power for the screws being screwed to the walls of the wall extrusions, a flexible plastic insert is introduced into the appropriate wall panel compartment in position to receive a screw. It will be understood that the insert 51 will be distorted for introduction into the extruded panel where on recovery it will be tightly held in position as required.

It will be understood that all of the various components after assembly can be permanently fixed by screwing the components together with the components being provided with in place inserts 51 at the appropriate positions to provide the holding power for the screws.

An additional feature of the present invention is the provision of a packing case generally designated at 52 into which the components of the shed are packed, the packing case being constructed so that on being dismantled it serves as the base 2 of the shed. Thus the case is a component of the shed.

More particularly, the case comprises top and bottom platforms 53 held in spaced relation by bracing 54. The ends of the packing case are closed by panel members 55 which become the only parts of the case which are discarded upon dismantlement.

Each of the platforms 53 comprises a sheet of plywood, fiber board or other suitable similar material into which nails or screws can be driven mounted on a border frame 56 formed of two by fours or the equivalent.

Each of the platforms 53 is equal to one half of the area required for the shed base. While this area may be slightly larger that the required base area, it must not be smaller.

Figure 13 shows the platforms 53 assembled together following the dismantlement of the case with the channels 46, which preferably are of aluminum, partially in place around the border of the now formed base 2.

While the preferred embodiments of the invention have been particularly described, variations therein may be made without departing from the scope of the appended claims.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Rechteckiger Schuppen aus vorgefertigten Bauteilen, umfassend Seitenwände (3), Stirnwände (4a, 4b), die nach oben schräg zu einem First (8) verlaufen, und ein Dach (7), das schräg nach oben zu dem genannten zentralen First (4) verläuft, die sämtlich aus vorgefertigten, hohlen Kunststoffelementen bestehen, die miteinander verbunden sind, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Dachelemente (22, 10) an ihren unteren Enden durch die Seitenwände (13) und an ihren oberen Enden durch eine Firstpfettenanordnung (29) abgestützt sind, wobei letztere aus einer Metallpfette (30), die sich zwischen den Stirnwänden (4a, 4b) erstreckt und von diesen abgestützt ist, einer auf die Pfette (30) aufgeschobenen, sich zwischen den Stirnwänden (4a, 4b) erstreckenden Kunststoffhülse (32), die beidseitig sich in Längsrichtung erstreckende, integral angesetzte, sich schräg nach unten erstreckende Tragschenkel (33) für die Abstützung der oberen Enden der hohlen Dachelemente (22, 10) aufweist, und einer Firstabdeckung (44), die über der Firstpfettenhülse und den oberen Enden der Dachelemente liegt, besteht.
  2. Schuppen nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Firstpfettenkunststoffhülse (32) mit einem nach oben weisenden Kanal (42) ausgerüstet ist, der nach oben vorsteht und im Abstand zueinander angeordnete, sich nach oben erstreckende Seitenwände aufweist, die an ihren oberen Enden mit Verriegelungseinrichtungen (43) versehen sind.
  3. Schuppen nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Firstabdeckung (44) mit sich nach unten erstreckenden Schenkeln (46) versehen ist, die jeweils Verriegelungseinrichtungen (47) an ihren unteren Enden zum verriegelnden Eingriff mit den Verriegelungseinrichtungen (43) an den Kanalwänden aufweisen.
  4. Schuppen nach Anspruch 1, 2 oder 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die hohlen Wand- und Dachelemente schmale, längliche, hohle, rechteckige, plattenförmige Extrusionsteile (P) sind, die mehrere innere Längskammern (16) und längliche, hohle T-förmige Verbinder (17) an den Stirnseiten aufweisen.
  5. Schuppen nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Platten (P) thermoplastische Extrusionsteile sind, die eine ko-extrudierte Schutzhaut auf ihren Außenflächen aufweisen.
  6. Schuppen nach Anspruch 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Platten (P) Koextrusionsteile aus armiertem PVC und einer Schutzhaut sind, die ein Deckmaterial mit wetterabweisenden Wirkstoffen enthält.
  7. Schuppen nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Platten (P) durch einen extrudierten, thermoplastischen, länglichen, hohlen, rechteckigen Verbinder (10) miteinander verbunden sind, der zwei Paare aus in gegenseitigem Abstand angeordneter, hohler, vorstehender, nach innen weisender Verriegelugnsfinger (20) aufweist, die dazu eingerichtet sind, verriegelnd die hohlen T-förmigen Verbinder (17) benachbarter Platten zu ergreifen.
  8. Schuppen nach Anspruch 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Verbinder (10) ein ko-extrudiertes Element aus armiertem PVC und einer Schutzhaut ist.
  9. Schuppen nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Schuppen auf einer rechteckigen Plattform (2) montiert ist, die eine Umfassung aus Metallkanälen (46) aufweist, in denen die unteren Enden der Wandplatten (P) aufgenommen sind und an denen diese befestigt sind.
  10. Schuppen nach Anspruch 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Kanäle (46) aus Aluminium bestehen und einen nagelbaren Schenkel (47) zum Anbringen derselben an der Plattform und eine Innenwand (48), die höher als die Außenwand (49) ist, aufweisen.
  11. Schuppen nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß eine der Stirnwände eine Vorderwand (4a) ist und mit einer Türöffnung versehen ist, die von einem Rahmen (39) eingerahmt ist, an der Türelemente (41) angelenkt sind.
  12. Firstpfettenanordnung (29) für einen vorgefertigten Schuppen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß sie besteht aus: einer länglichen Metallfirstpfette (30), die an den Enden abzustützen ist und eine Höhe hat, die größer als ihre Breite ist, und einer rechteckigen Kunststoffhülse (32), die über die Firstpfette (29) geschoben ist und sich längs derselben zu benachbarten Pfettenenden erstreckt und integral abgezweigte, sich schräg nach unten erstreckende Tragschenkel (32) zu beiden Seiten aufweist.
  13. Firstpfettenanordnung nach Anspruch 12, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die rechtekkige Kunststoffhülse mit einem sich nach oben erstreckenden Kanal (42) versehen ist, der in gegenseitigem Abstand angeordnete Kanalwände aufweist, die in Endverriegelungseinrichtungen (43) enden.
  14. Firstpfettenanordnung nach Anspruch 12 oder 13, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Kunststoffhülse (32) aus armiertem PVC extrudiert ist und eine Schutzhaut oder Schutzoberflächen aufweist, die im Gebrauch freiliegen.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A rectangular shed formed from prefabricated components comprising side walls (3), end walls (4a, 4b) which slope upwardly to a central ridge (8), and a roof (7) sloping upwardly to said central ridge (8) all being formed from prefabricated hollow plastic members connected together characterized in that the roof members (22, 10) are supported at their lower ends by said side walls (13) and at their upper ends by a ridge beam assembly (29) comprising a metal beam (30) spanning between and supported by said end walls (4a, 4b), a plastic sleeve (32) sleeved on to said beam (30) and extending between said end walls (4a, 4b), said sleeve having longitudinal integral braced support shelve (33) sloping downwardly at each side thereof for supporting the upper ends of said hollow roof members (22, 10), and a ridge flashing (44) overlying said ridge beam sleeve and the upper ends of said roof members.
  2. A shed as claimed in Claim 1 characterized in that said ridge beam plastic sleeve (32) is formed with an upwardly facing channel (42) projecting thereabove and presenting spaced upwardly extending side walls provided at their upper ends with latch formations (43).
  3. A shed as claimed in Claim 2 characterized in that said ridge flashing (44) is provided with downwardly extending legs (46) having latch formations (47) on the lower ends thereof to interlocking engage with said channel wall latch formations (43).
  4. A shed as claimed in Claim 1, 2 or 3 characterized in that said hollow wall and roof components comprise narrow elongated hollow rectangular panel extrusions (P) having multiple internal longitudinal compartments (16) and elongated hollow T-shaped connectors (17) at the end edges thereof.
  5. A shed as claimed in Claim 4 characterized in that said panels (P) comprise thermoplastic extrusions having a coextruded protective skin on the exterior surfaces thereof.
  6. A shed as claimed in Claim 5 characterized in that said panels (P) comprise coextrusion of a reinforced PVC and a protective skin comprising a cap stock containing weathering agents.
  7. A shed as claimed in Claim 4 characterized in that said panels (P) are connected by an extruded thermoplastic elongated hollow rectangular connector (10) having two pairs of spaced hollow projecting inturned locking fingers (20) adapted to interlockingly engage the hollow T-shaped connectors (17) of adjoining panels.
  8. A shed as claimed in Claim 7 characterized in that the connector (10) is a coextrusion of a reinforced PVC and a protective skin.
  9. A shed as claimed in any of the preceding claims characterized in that said shed is mounted on a rectangular platform (2) having a border of metal channels (46) in which the lower ends of said wall panels (P) are received and are secured thereto.
  10. A shed as claimed in Claim 9 characterized in that said channels (46) are aluminum and have a nailing fin (47) for securing same to said platform and an inner wall (48) higher than the outer wall (49).
  11. A shed as claimed in any of the preceding claims characterized in that one of said end walls is a front wall (4a) and is provided with a door opening, said door opening being framed by framing (39) to which door members (41) are hinged.
  12. A ridge beam assembly (29) for a prefabricated shed, characterized in that said ridge beam assembly comprising an elongated metal ridge beam (30) to be supported at the ends and having a height greater than width, a rectangular plastic sleeve (32) sleeved on said ridge beam (29) and extending the length thereof to adjacent said beam ends said sleeve having an integral braced downwardly sloping support shelve (33) on each side thereof.
  13. A ridge beam assembly as claimed in Claim 12 characterized in that said rectangular plastic sleeve is formed with an upwardly extending channel (42) having spaced channel walls terminating in end latches (43).
  14. A ridge beam assembly as claimed in Claim 12 or 13 characterized in that said plastic sleeve (32) is extruded from reinforced PVC and has a protective skin on surfaces thereof which are exposed when in use.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Baraque rectangulaire formée à partir d'éléments préfabriqués comprenant des murs latéraux (3), des murs d'extrémité (4a, 4b) qui sont inclinés vers le haut en direction d'un faîte central (8), et un d'un toit (7) incliné vers le haut en direction dudit faîte (8), tous étant formés d'éléments en plastique creux préfabriqués reliés entre eux, caractérisé en ce que les éléments de toiture (22, 10) sont soutenus à leurs extrémités inférieures par lesdits murs latéraux (13) et à leurs extrémités supérieures par un système de poutre de faîte (29) comprenant une poutre métallique (30) joignant lesdits murs d'extrémité (4a, 4b) et portés par eux, une gaine en plastique (32) enfilée sur ladite poutre (30) et s'étendant entre lesdits murs d'extrémité (4a, 4b), ladite gaine ayant une membrure de soutien (33) entretoisée solidaire longitudinale, inclinée vers le bas de chaque côté pour soutenir les extrémités supérieures desdits éléments de toiture creux (22, 10), et un solin faîtier (44) recouvrant ladite gaine de poutre faîtière et les extrémités supérieures desdits éléments de toiture.
  2. Baraque selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce que ladite gaine de poutre faîtière en plastique (32) est formée avec un canal (42) tourné vers le haut qui forme saillie au-dessus d'elle et présente des parois latérales s'étendant vers le haut, munies de formations de verrouillage (43) au niveau de leurs extrémités supérieures.
  3. Baraque selon la revendication 2, caractérisée en ce que ledit solin faîtier (44) est muni de jambes (46) s'étendant vers le bas qui ont des formations de verrouillage (47) sur leurs extrémités inférieures pour se mettre en prise de verrouillage avec lesdites formations de verrouillage (43) des parois du canal.
  4. Baraque selon la revendication 1, 2 ou 3, caractérisée en ce que lesdits éléments de mur et de toiture creux comprennent des extrusions de panneau rectangulaire creuses allongées étroites (P) ayant plusieurs compartiments longitudinaux internes (16) et des connecteurs creux allongés (17) en forme de T sur leurs bords d'extrémité.
  5. Baraque selon la revendication 4, caractérisée en ce que lesdits panneaux (P) comprennent des extrusions thermoplastiques ayant une peau protectrice co-extrudée sur leurs surfaces extérieures.
  6. Baraque selon la revendication 5, caractérisée en ce que lesdits panneaux (P) comprennent des coextrusions d'un PVC renforcé et d'une peau protectrice comprenant un capuchon contenant des agents anti-vieillissement.
  7. Baraque selon la revendication 4, caractérisée en ce que lesdits panneaux (P) sont reliés par un connecteur rectangulaire creux allongé thermoplastique extrudé (10) ayant deux paires de doigts de verrouillage (20) creux espacés, en saillie et tournés vers l'intérieur, adaptés pour se mettre en prise de verrouillage avec les connecteurs creux en T (17) de panneaux adjacents.
  8. Baraque selon la revendication 7, caractérisée en ce que le connecteur (10) est une coextrusion d'un PVC renforcé et d'une peau protectrice.
  9. Baraque selon l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que ladite baraque est montée sur une plate-forme rectangulaire (2) ayant une bordure en canaux métalliques (46) dans lesquels les extrémités inférieures desdits panneaux de murs (P) se logent et sont fixés.
  10. Baraque selon la revendication 9, caractérisée en ce que lesdits canaux (46) sont en aluminium et ont une ailette de cloutage (47) pour se fixer à ladite plate-forme et une paroi intérieure (48) plus haute que la paroi extérieure (49).
  11. Baraque selon l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que l'un desdits murs d'extrémité est un mur frontal (4a) et est muni d'une ouverture de porte, ladite ouverture de porte étant encadrée par un encadrement (39) auquel des éléments de porte (41) sont articulés.
  12. Système de poutre faîtière (29) pour une baraque préfabriquée, caractérisé en ce que ledit système de poutre faîtière comprend une poutre faîtière métallique allongée (30) devant être soutenue aux extrémités et ayant une hauteur supérieure à sa largeur, une gaine en plastique rectangulaire (32) enfilée sur ladite poutre faîtière (29) et s'étendant sur sa longueur jusque près desdites extrémités de la poutre, ladite gaine ayant une membrure de soutien (33) entretoisée solidaire inclinée vers le bas de chaque côté.
  13. Système de poutre faîtière selon la revendication 12, caractérisé en ce que ladite gaine en plastique rectangulaire est formée d'un canal (42) s'étendant vers le haut, qui possède des parois de canal se terminant par des verrous d'extrémité (43).
  14. Système de poutre faîtière selon la revendication 12 ou 13, caractérisé en ce que ladite gaine en plastique (32) est extrudée à partir de PVC renforcé et possède une peau protectrice sur ses surfaces qui sont exposées en service.






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