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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1144071 15.05.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 1144071
Titel FESTHALTUNG VON FILTERELEMENTEN
Anmelder Madison Filter 981 Ltd., Blackburn, Lancashire, GB
Erfinder WALTERS, Charles, Joseph, Rockhampton, AU
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69906805
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 15.07.1999
EP-Aktenzeichen 999330533
WO-Anmeldetag 15.07.1999
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/GB99/02282
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0000004975
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 03.02.2000
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 17.10.2001
EP date of grant 09.04.2003
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 15.05.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse B01D 33/23

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates to the retention of filter elements, principally in the art of vertically rotating disc filters, each composed of a plurality of filter segments.

Examples of such filters are described in US 3,283,906 (Crane) and US 3,331,512 (Vore). Each segment comprises a generally wedge shaped hollow plate with perforated surface webs, covered on each side with an appropriate filter cloth. Liquid is drawn into the cavities within the plate, through the filter cloths by suction achieved by known means, as the respective sector is dipped into an unfiltered slurry or other prefiltrate. Particles above the retention threshold of the filter cloths are retained by the filter cloths, whilst liquid and fine particles below the threshold pass into the interior of the segment plate, and are pumped therefrom. On emergence from the bath of unfiltered slurry, to be exposed to the air, the cake of retained particles on the filter cloth can be removed by scrapers or other known means.

Disc filters of this kind are commonly used in filtration of minerals such as coal dust, ores or the like. Each filter disc may comprise 8 to 12 sectors, each from 0.4 to 1.8m in height, and two or three skilled workers may be needed to fit and remove each sector, which in known filters is required in order to remove old filter cloths, and fit replacements. A complete installation may comprise up to 200 filter wheels or more and the operation of changing filter cloths may take several days, as each sector may occupy 2-3 workers to remove, dress and re-fit so that each wheel may represent a full day's work for each team employed.

In our previous application WO-97/24170, we describe a filter apparatus, such as a drum filter or a segmented disc filter, wherein filter panels are covered on one side with a filter cloth which is held along at least some of it's edges by a slotted tube received in a channel in a panel separating member, and the slotted tube receives an elastomeric retaining bead formed on the edge of the filter cloth.

An object of the invention is to provide means for the retention of filter cloths on the segments of a disc filter; which will enable the filter cloths to be removed and replaced quickly and easily, and without removal of the segment from the wheel.

According to the invention, filtration apparatus comprises a filter disc made up of a plurality of wedge-shaped segments, the segments being separated by radially extending elongate members and each segment comprising perforated plates enclosing an interior volume, and a filter cloth each covering a respective face of the segment, characterised in that the elongate members each comprise a hollow core to receive a sector dividing stem and are provided with a pair of grooves at each opposite side each groove receiving an edge bead on the edge of a respective filter cloth for retaining the edges of the filter cloths.

The filtration apparatus is preferably a vertical disc filter of the kind described above, but may be a horizontal pan disc filter, comprising a similar assembly of a plurality of segments.

In a preferred embodiment, the elongate member comprises an extrusion of profiled cross section of a hard plastics material, such as polypropylene, polyethylene or polyamide or a blend of two or more thereof, or of a lightweight metal such as aluminium or an alloy thereof. Two grooves may be provided at each side of the member to receive the edges of two filter cloths, one on each face, of each of the sectors abutting the elongate member.

The bead on each filter cloth edge is preferably an elastomeric extrusion, of e.g. natural or synthetic rubber or the like, which can be deformed to be forced into the respective groove, or to be pulled out from it. The bead may be formed with flaps or rods between which an edge of a filter cloth may be received, and secured for example by at least one of stitching or welding. It is noted that the bead is preferably made of a softer material than the elongate member.

The grooves of the elongate member are preferably circular in cross section, set deeper than their radius, so that they present an orifice slit which is less than the diameter of the groove, thereby forcing compression of the bead for insertion or withdrawal, and acting to retain the bead in normal use.

A preferred embodiment of the invention will now be described by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:-

  • Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic view of one segment of a vertical disc filter embodying the invention;
  • Fig. 1a is a detail of an edge cap;
  • Fig. 1b is a side view of a lock-down bar used to secure a filter cloth near the hub of the disc;
  • Fig. 2 is a detailed sectional view of an elongate member in place between two adjacent disc segments;
  • Fig. 3 is a sectional view of the edge of a filter cloth used in the filter; and
  • Fig. 4 is a cross section of the elongate member.

In the preferred embodiment of the invention, a vertical disc filter comprises a plurality of generally wedge-shaped segments 11, 12, 13. Each segment comprises perforated plates 14 enclosing an interior to which vacuum is applied to draw water in through the perforations of the plates and filter cloths 15, 16 covering the plates, to be removed via the hub of the disc.

The disc segments are separated by generally radial sector stems 17 which provide mechanical strength to the construction of the disc.

The radially outer edges of the segments are covered by rectangular trough-shaped sector caps 18, which also clamp the outer edges of the filter cloths 15, 16.

The radially inner edges of the filter cloths 15, 16 are secured by a lock-down bar 19 on each face of the segment, secured by Tec screws. The bar 19 can be easily secured and released, using a screwdriver.

The radially extending edges of each segment are separated by elongated members 20, in the form of extrusions from e.g. polyamide. The members 20 each have an axial passage 21, through which extends a respective sector stem 17.

The member 20 is generally rectangular in shape and is situated between the adjacent sector plates 14, 15 of adjacent segments, with the longer faces in abutment with the plates. The shorter faces of the member 21 are each provided with a pair of circular cross sectioned grooves 22, 23 in the upper face and 24, 25 in the lower face. Each groove opens with a slot which is narrower than the diameter of the groove. For example, the diameter of the groove is typically 9mm, whilst the width of the slot is typically 4mm.

Each groove 22, 23, 24, 25 receives an edge bead 26 on the edge of a respective filter cloth 15, 16. Each edge bead 26 is secured to the filter cloth by means of flaps 27 between which the cloth is inserted, and secured by stitching 28.

The edge bead 26 is of a flexible or at least deformable synthetic material, or a rubber or the like. The bead 26 is capable of being deformed to enter the slot of the respective groove, or to be pulled out from the groove.

In use, a disc filter is dressed by simply removing the respective sector caps 18 to release the radially outer edges of the filter cloths, then the lock-down bars 19 are detached. The used filter cloths can then be removed by pulling the edge beads 26 from their respective grooves in the elongate member 20. Replacement clean filter cloths are fitted by the reverse procedure, that is pushing their edge beads 26 into the grooves in the member 20, and then securing the lock-down bars 19 and the sector caps 18.

Instead of requiring two or three workers over an hour, because the sector does not have to be disconnected, changing filter cloths on a segment can be carried out by one person in about 10 minutes. Consequently, dressing a complete installation of 200 disc filters may take about 400 man-hours, as opposed to 7200 man-hours approximately for the prior art installation.

Existing installations may be modified to conform with the invention.

In a pan filter or a rotary drum filter, the elongate members would be solid with no passage through the middle.

The elongate member may be divided so that separate members are provided on the opposite faces of the filter disc.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Filtervorrichtung mit einem aus einer Vielzahl von keilförmigen Segmenten (11, 12 usw.) zusammengesetzten Scheibenfilter, wobei die Segmente durch radial ausgerichtete, langgestreckte Glieder (20) getrennt sind und jedes Segment einen Innenraum umschließende, perforierte Platten (14) sowie zwei Filtertücher (15, 16) umfaßt, die jeweils eine entsprechende Fläche des Segments abdecken,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die langgestreckten Glieder (20) jeweils einen hohlen Kern (21) zur Aufnahme eines Sektorentrennsteges (17) umfassen und auf jeder der gegenüberliegenden Seiten mit einem Paar Nuten versehen sind, wobei jede Nut zur Aufnahme eines Randwulstes (26) am Rand eines entsprechenden Filtertuches (15, 16) dient, um die Ränder der Filtertücher zu befestigen.
  2. Filtervorrichtung nach Anspruch 1,

    bei der die Lippen der Nuten aus einem flexiblen Material bestehen, so daß der Wulst in die Nuten hineingedrückt und aus ihnen herausgezogen werden kann.
  3. Filtervorrichtung nach einem vorhergehenden Anspruch,

    bei der das langgestreckte Glied ein Extrusionsprodukt mit profiliertem Querschnitt aus einem relativ harten Kunststoffmaterial oder einem Leichtmetall umfaßt und auf jeder Seite des Gliedes zwei Nuten aufweist, um die Ränder und die von ihnen getragenen Randwulste von zwei Filtertüchern - eines auf jeder Seite - jedes an das langgestreckte Glied angrenzenden Filterabschnittes aufzunehmen.
  4. Filtervorrichtung nach einem vorhergehenden Anspruch,

    bei der der Wulst an jedem Filtertuchrand aus einem elastomeren Extrusionsprodukt besteht, das verformt werden kann, um in die entsprechende Nut hineingedrückt oder aus der Nut herausgezogen zu werden.
  5. Filtervorrichtung nach einem vorhergehenden Anspruch,

    bei der der Wulst Laschen oder Stege aufweist, zwischen denen ein Rand eines Filtertuches gehalten und durch Annähen oder Anschweißen befestigt ist, und aus einem weicheren Material als das langgestreckte Glied besteht.
  6. Filtervorrichtung nach einem vorhergehenden Anspruch,

    bei der die Nuten in dem langgestreckten Glied einen kreisrunden Querschnitt aufweisen und ihr Abstand von der Oberfläche größer ist als ihr Radius, so daß sie eine Öffnung aufweisen, die kleiner als der Durchmesser der Nut ist.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A filtration apparatus comprising a disc filter made up of a plurality of wedge-shaped segments (11,12 etc), the segments being separated by radially extending elongate members (20) and each segment comprising perforated plates (14) enclosing an interior volume, and two filter cloths (15, 16) each covering a respective face of the segment, characterised in that the elongate members (20) each comprise a hollow core (21) to receive a sector dividing stem (17), and are provided with a pair of grooves at each opposite side, each groove receiving an edge bead (26) on the edge of a respective filter cloth (15, 16) for retaining the edges of the filter cloths.
  2. A filtration apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the lips of the grooves are of flexible material, to enable the bead to be pushed into and pulled from the grooves.
  3. A filtration apparatus according to either preceding claim wherein the elongate member comprises an extrusion of a profiled cross section of a relatively hard plastics material or of a lightweight metal, and has two grooves provided at each side of the member to receive the edges, and the edge beads carried thereby, of two filter cloths, one on each face, of each of the filtration section abutting the elongate member.
  4. A filtration apparatus according to any preceding claim wherein the bead on each filter cloth edge is an elastomeric extrusion which can be deformed to be forced into the respective groove, or be pulled out from the groove.
  5. A filtration apparatus according to any preceding claim wherein the bead is formed with flaps or rods between which an edge of a filter cloth is received, and secured by stitching or welding, and is of a softer material than the elongate member.
  6. A filtration apparatus according to any preceding claim wherein the grooves in the elongate member are of circular cross section and set deeper than their radius, so that they present an orifice which is less than the diameter of the groove.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Appareil de filtration comprenant un filtre à disques composé d'une pluralité de segments en forme de coins (11, 12, etc.), les segments étant séparés par des éléments allongés s'étendant radialement (20) et chaque segment comprenant des plaques perforées (14) entourant un volume intérieur, et des toiles filtrantes (15, 16), chacune couvrant une face respective du segment, caractérisé en ce que les éléments allongés (20) comprennent chacun un noyau creux (21), pour recevoir une tige de division en secteurs (17), et sont munis d'une paire de gorges sur chaque côté opposé, chaque gorge recevant une bille de bord (26) sur le bord d'un toile filtrante (15, 16) respective afin de retenir les bords des toiles filtrantes.
  2. Appareil de filtration selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les lèvres des gorges sont constituées d'un métal souple, afin de permettre de pousser la bille dans les gorges, et de la retirer.
  3. Appareil de filtration selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'élément allongé comprend une extrusion ayant une coupe profilée faite dans une matière plastique relativement dure ou un métal léger, et présente deux gorges prévues de chaque côté de l'élément pour recevoir les bords, et les billes de bord ainsi portées, de deux toiles filtrantes, l'une sur chaque face de la section de filtration qui bute contre l'élément allongé.
  4. Appareil de filtration selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la bille sur chaque bord de la toile filtrante est une extrusion élastomère qui peut être déformée pour rentrer, de force, dans la gorge respective, ou être retirée de la gorge.
  5. Appareil de filtration selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la bille est formée avec des rabats ou des tiges, entre lesquels(les) un bord d'une toile filtrante est reçue, et fixée par couture ou par soudure, et est constituée d'une matière plus molle que l'élément allongé.
  6. Appareil de filtration selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les gorges prévues dans l'élément allongé ont une coupe circulaire et sont ajustées plus profondes que leur rayon, de sorte qu'elles présentent un orifice qui est inférieur au diamètre de la gorge.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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