PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0847139 07.08.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0847139
Titel Schaltung zum Einstellen eines Verzögerungsunterschiedes und Phaseneinsteller
Anmelder NEC Corp., Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder Kobayashi, Naoki, Minato-ku, Tokyo, JP
Vertreter Vossius & Partner, 81675 München
DE-Aktenzeichen 69723216
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, NL
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 05.12.1997
EP-Aktenzeichen 971214416
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 10.06.1998
EP date of grant 02.07.2003
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 07.08.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse H03K 5/15
IPC-Nebenklasse H03K 19/003   G06F 11/273   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a delay difference adjustment circuit and a phase adjuster, more particularly, to a delay difference adjustment circuit which adjusts the delay difference between delays of two signal lines (hereinafter referred to as " the delay difference ") through which the two signals are transmitted , and to a phase adjuster which adjusts the phase difference between the two signals.

When the phase difference between two clock signals flowing in a circuit is measured, each of the clock signals has been measured by a measuring instrument such as an oscilloscope by inputting them via two cables. Since a delay difference always exists even if the lengths of the two cables are equal, it is necessary to adjust the delay difference.

Referring to FIG.5, a conventional device which adjusts the delay difference includes'an observed circuit 41 which has clock signals CLK41 and CLK42 as the objects of observation, a measuring instrument 42, a variable delay circuit 43 which is located inside the measuring instrument 42 and delaying the clock signal inputted from an input IN42 by a delay amount, and cables 45a and 45b. Each of the cables 45a and 45b connects the observed circuit 41 and the measuring instrument 42. When an observer supplies the clocks CLK41 and CLK42 to the measuring instrument 42 via the two cables 45a and 45b and measures their phase differences with the measuring instrument 42, firstly, the clock signals CLK41 and CLK42 are inputted to an input IN41 and IN42 of the measuring instrument 42, respectively. At that time, a display circuit 44 of the measuring instrument 42 indicates an apparent phase difference as a waveform or a phase difference, and the apparent phase difference is stored. Next, the observer exchanges the cables 45a and 45b. The clock signal CLK41 is inputted to the input IN42 through the cable 45b and the clock signal CLK42 is inputted to the input IN41 through the cable 45a. The next apparent phase difference is displayed in the display circuit 44 and is compared with the apparent phase difference which has been previously stored. The observer adjusts the delay amount of the variable delay circuit 43, by supplying an instruction for delay amount setting to an input IN43 from the outside of the measuring instrument 42.

The conventional device, as described above, which adjusts the delay difference has had the problem that all of the operations had to be made manually to adjust the delay difference between the two clock signals which are observed via the two cables. More specifically, the observer has to perform all of a series of operations, including storing the phase differences of the two clock signals, exchanging the two cables, comparing the phase differences, and adjusting the delay amounts. Therefore, it takes inordinately amount of labor and time to adjust the delay difference.

Furthermore, since the above-mentioned conventional device is not capable of automatically adjusting the delay difference between the two cables, the phase adjustment of the clocks could not be made automatically.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a delay difference adjustment circuit which is capable of adjusting the delay difference of clock cables without manual operations.

In addition, it is another object of the present invention to provide a phase adjuster which automatically adjusts the delay difference of the two clock cables, thereby making full automatic phase adjustment of the clocks possible.

These object are achieved with the features of the claims.

Other features and advantages of the invention will be made more apparent by the detailed description hereunder taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

  • FIG.1 shows the configuration of the embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 2 shows the configuration of the selector circuit of the present invention;
  • FIG. 3 shows the configuration of the delay difference adjustment circuit of the present invention;
  • FIG. 4 shows diagrams of waveforms which illustrate the operation of the present invention; and
  • FIG. 5 shows the configuration of the conventional measuring instrument which adjusts the delay difference.

In the drawings, the same reference numerals represent the same structural elements.

Next, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.

Referring to FIG.1, the embodiment of the phase adjuster of the present invention includes a delay difference adjustment circuit 12, a phase comparison circuit 13, a clock supply circuit 14, and two phase adjustment circuits 15 and 16. The delay difference adjustment circuit 12 is connected to an observed circuit 11 by cables 17a and 17b. The delay difference adjustment circuit 12 automatically adjusts the delay differences between the two cables 17a and 17b. The two cables 17a and 17b are connected to clock signals CLK1 and CLK2, respectively, which are the observation points of the observed circuit 11. The phase comparison circuit 13 compares the phases of the clock signals CLK1 and CLK2 which are transmitted by the delay difference adjustment circuit 12. The true phases of the clock signals CLK1 and CLK2 are compared by the phase comparison circuit, because both clock signals CLK1 and CLK2 have no delay elements caused by the difference between delays of the cables 17a and 17b. The clock supply circuit 14 supplies the clock signals CLK1 and CLK2 to the observed circuit 11. The phase adjustment circuits 15 and 16 adjust the phases of the clock signals CLK1 and CLK2, respectively. The cable 17a has one end connected to an output port PORT1 and the other end connected to an input terminal IN1 of the delay difference adjustment circuit 12. The cable 17b has one end connected to an output port PORT2 and the other end connected to an input terminal IN2 of the delay difference adjustment circuit 12.

Referring to FIG. 2, the observed circuit 11 comprises an selector circuit 21. The clock signals CLK1 and CLK2, which are signals to be observed, are inputted to the selector circuit 21. The selector circuit 21 outputs the clock signals CLK1 and CLK2 through the output ports PORT1 and PORT2. The output ports PORT1 and PORT2 of the observed circuit 11 are connected to the cables 17a and 17b, respectively. The selector circuit 21 exchanges the cables 17 to which each of the clock signals CLK1 and CLK2 are outputted in accordance with a selector signal S11 that is received from the delay difference adjustment circuit 12, and outputs the clock signals CLK1 and CLK2 to the delay difference adjustment circuit 12. The selector circuit 21 includes selectors 21a and 21b. The selector 21a selects and outputs the clock signal CLK1 to the output port PORT1 when the selector signal S11 is "0", and selects and outputs the clock signal CLK2 to the output port PORT1 when the selector signal S11 is "1". The selector 21b selects and outputs the clock signal CLK2 to the output port PORT2 when the selector signal S11 is "0", and selects and outputs the clock signal CLK1 to the output port PORT2 when the selector signal S11 is "1".

Referring to FIG. 3, the delay difference adjustment circuit 12 comprises a delay amount adjustment circuit 22, a phase difference detection circuit 23, a phase difference hold circuit 24, a phase difference comparison circuit 25, a comparator control circuit 26, a selector direction circuit 27, a counter 28, a counter hold circuit 29, and a reset direction circuit 30. The delay difference adjustment circuit 12 has input terminals IN1 and IN2 to which the cables 17a and 17b are connected, and output terminals OUT1 and OUT2 which output the clock signal CLK1 or CLK2 that has an adjusted delay difference.

The delay amount adjustment circuit 22 adjusts the delay amount of either one or both of the two clock signals CLK1 and CLK2, in accordance with a delay amount adjustment signal S12. The phase difference detection circuit 23 detects the phase difference of the two clocks which the delay amount adjustment circuit 22 outputs. The phase difference hold circuit 24 holds the detection results which the phase difference detection circuit 23 outputs. The above detection results include two results of the phase difference detection detected by the phase difference detection circuit 23 before and after the exchange of the two clock transmission paths, namely, the cables 17. The phase difference comparison circuit 25 compares the results of the two detections which the phase difference hold circuit 24 holds. That is, the phase difference comparison circuit 25 compares the phase difference detection results before and after the exchange of the transmission cables 17 of the two clock signals. The phase difference comparison circuit 25 gives directions to count up, count down or hold the counted value of the counter 28 in accordance with the comparison result, which decides the delay amount of the delay amount adjustment circuit 22. The comparator control circuit 26 inhibits the counter 28 from varying its counted value unless the phase difference hold circuit 24 holds the two results of the phase difference detection detected by the phase difference detection circuit 23 before and after the exchange of the cables 17 of the clock signals CLK1 and CLK2. The selector direction circuit 27 outputs the selector signal S11 which directs the selector circuit 21 to exchange the signals which are transmited on the cables 17 by changing its value from "0" to "1" or from "1" to "0", when the phase difference hold circuit 24 holds only one of the results of the phase difference detection detected by the phase difference detection circuit 23. The counter 28 varies the counted value, in accordance with the count up or count down direction signals which the phase difference comparison circuit 25 outputs, and outputs the counted value as a delay amount adjustment signal S12. The counter hold circuit 29 inputs the results of the phase difference comparison which the phase difference comparison circuit 25 outputs. The counter hold circuit 29 directs the counter 28 to hold the counted value and inhibits the phase difference hold circuit 24 from clearing the holding results, when the phase differences become equal or substantially equal and after the combination of two clock signals and the cables is changed. The reset direction circuit 30 gets the comparison results from the phase difference comparison circuit 25. The reset direction circuit 30 outputs a reset signal R4 which makes the entire holding values of the phase difference hold circuit 24 to " 0", when the comparison result by the phase difference comparison circuit 25 indicates that the phase differences are neither equal nor substantially equal and an additional phase comparison is needed after making the variation in the counter 28, i.e., after the delay amount adjustment circuit 22 has adjusted the delay amount.

Next, a specific configuration of the above-described delay difference adjustment circuit 12 will be explained.

Referring to FIG. 3, the delay amount adjustment circuit 22 includes a two-stage fixed delay gate 22a which outputs to the output terminal OUT1, a delay gate 22b which is variable from stage 1 to stage 4, and a selector 22c which outputs to the output terminal OUT2. The selector 22c switches the number of stages of the variable delay gate 22b in accordance with the two-bit delay amount adjustment signal S12. The phase difference detection circuit 23 has flip-flops (hereinafter referred to as "FFs" ) 231a-231e and FFs 232a-232e. The FFs 231a-231e receive a plurality of signals each of which gradually delayed by 5 stages of the delay gates, 0th stage to 4th stage, from the clock signal outputted to the output OUT1, and hold the signals when the other clock signal outputted to the output OUT2 rises. The FFs 232a-232e receive a plurality of signals each of which gradually delayed by 5 stages of the delay gates, 0th stage to 4th stage, from the clock signal outputted to the output OUT2, and hold the signals when the other clock signal outputted to the output OUT1 rises. The phase difference hold circuit 24 has FFs 241a-241d and FFs 242a-242d. The FFs 241a-241d receive the logical product value of the value of the FF 231a and the inverted value of the FF 231b, the value of the logical product of the value of the FF 231b and the inverted value of the FF 231c, the value of the logical product of the value of the FF 231c and the inverted value of the FF 231d and the value of the logical product of the value of the FF 231d and the inverted value of the FF 231e, and hold them at the time of the rising edge of the clock signal outputted to the output terminal OUT2. The FFs 242a-242d receive the logical product of the value of the FF 232a and the inverted value of the FF 232b, the value of the logical product of the value of the FF 232b and the inverted value of the FF 232c, the value of the logical product of the value of the FF 232c and the inverted value of the FF 232d and the value of the logical product of the value of FF 232d and the inverted value of the FF 232e, and hold them at the time of the rising edge of the signal outputted to the output terminal OUT1. When the phase of the clock signal outputted to the output terminal OUT1 is advanced as compared with the one to the output terminal OUT2, the FFs 241a-241d always hold "1" in at least one of them, output "1" as a hold signal H17-1 and keep holding the held value. When the phase of the clock signal outputted to the output terminal OUT2 is advanced as compared with the one to the output terminal OUT1, the FFs 242a-242d always hold "1" in at least one of them, output "1" as a hold signal H17-2, and keep holding the held value. When the reset signal R4 is "0", the FFs 241a-241d and the FFs 242a-242d clear the holding values to "0".

The phase difference comparison circuit 25 has an encoder 25a which encodes either one of the outputs of FF 241a-241d which is taking on "1", an encoder 25b which encodes either one of the outputs of FF 242a-242d which is taking an "1", and a comparator 25c which compares the outputs of the encoder 25a and the encoder 25b. When the comparator control circuit 26 outputs "0", the comparator 25c outputs "0" for signals u, e, and d. When the comparator control circuit 26 outputs "1" and'the output value of the encoder 25a is larger than the output value of the encoder 25b, the comparator 25c outputs signals u=1, e=0, and d=0. When the comparator control circuit 26 outputs "1" and the output value of the encoder 25b is larger than the output value of the encoder 25a, the comparator 25c outputs u=0, e=0, and d=1. When the comparator control circuit 26 outputs "1" and the output value of the encoder 25a is equal to the output value of the encoder 25b, the comparator 25c outputs the signals u=0, e=1, and d=0.

The comparator control circuit 26 outputs the logical product of the hold signals H17-1 and H17-2 outputted from the phase difference hold circuit 24. The comparator control circut 26 outputs "1" to the comparator 25c, only when both the hold signals H17-1 and H17-2 are "1". The selector direction circuit 27 consists of an exclusive-OR circuit 27a which takes the exclusive logical sum of the hold signals H17-1 and H17-2 and, an FF 27b which inverts the value triggered by the rising edge of the output of the Ex-OR circuit 27a and outputs the output of the FF 27b as the selector signal S11. When a hold signal H18 is "0" and the output signals of the comparator 25c are u=1, d=0 , the counter 28 counts up. Also, when the output signals are u=0, d=1, the counter 28 counts down, and when the hold signal H18 is "1", the counter holds the counted value. The counter hold circuit 29 inputs the output signals u, e, and d which the comparator 25c outputs. The counter hold circuit 29 has a FF 29a which fetches "1" when the output signal u changes from "0" to "1", a FF 29b which fetches "1" when the output signal d changes from "0" to "1", an AND circuit 29c which outputs the logical product of the outputs of the FF 29a and 29b, and an OR circuit 29d which takes logical sum of the output signal e and the output of the AND circuit 29c. The counter hold circuit 29 outputs the output of OR circuit 29d as the hold signal H18 and outputs the inverted output of the OR circuit 29d as a reset inhibition signal E20. The reset direction circuit 30 consists of an OR circuit 30a which outputs the logical sum of the output signals u and d outputted from the comparator 25c, and a NAND circuit 30b which outputs the negative logical product of the output of OR circuit 30a and the reset inhibition signal E20. The reset direction circuit 30 outputs the output of the NAND circuit 30b as the reset signal R4.

Next, the outline of the operation of the entire phase adjuster of the embodiment of the present invention will be described.

Referring to FIG. 2, assuming that the selector signal S11 is "0" at the time of starting to adjust the delay difference, the selector circuit 21 of the observed circuit 11 outputs the clock signal CLK1 to the output port PORT1. The clock signal CLK1 is inputted to IN1 of the delay difference adjustment circuit 12 via the cable 17a. The selector circuit 21 sends out the clock signal CLK2 to the output port PORT2. The clock signal CLK2 is inputted to IN2 of the delay difference adjustment circuit 12 via the cable 17b.

Referring to FIG. 3, the delay difference adjustment circuit 12 outputs the clock signal CLK1 which is inputted to the input terminal IN1 to the output terminal OUT1 and outputs the clock signal CLK2 which is inputted to the input terminal IN2 to the output terminal OUT2. In the present embodiment, it is assumed that the signals outputted to the output terminals OUT1 and OUT2 have the phase relations as indicated in FIG. 4A. The phase difference detection circuit 23 of the delay difference adjustment circuit 12 detects how much the phase of the signal to output terminal OUT1 is advanced as compared with the one to the output terminal OUT2. The phase difference holding circuit 24 holds the results detected by the phase difference detection circuit 23 before the clock signals CLK1 and CLK2 are exchanged which the phase difference detection circuit 23 outputs. In this case, since the phase difference hold circuit 24 holds only the detection results before the exchange of the transmission lines of the clock signals CLK1 and CLK2, the comparator control circuit 26 inhibits the phase difference comparison circuit 25 from outputting the signal which directs to count up, count down or hold the counted value to the counter 28, the counter hold circuit 29 and the reset direction circuit 30. Consequently, the counted value of the counter 28 is unchanged. The counter hold circuit 29 does not direct the counter 28 to hold the counted value, and the reset direction circuit 30 does not reset the held value of the phase difference holding circuit 24. The selector direction circuit 27 detects that the phase difference hold circuit 24 holds only the results of the phase difference detection before the exchange of the clock signals CLK1 and CLK2 and directs the selector circuit 21 of the observed circuit 11 to exchange the clock signals CLK1 and CLK2 by changing the value of the selector signal S11 to "1"

Referring to FIG. 2, as a result of the selector signal S11 becoming "1", the selector circuit 21 exchanges the clock. signals CLK1 and CLK2 and outputs them. In this manner, the clock signal CLK1 is outputted from the output port PORT2 and is sent out to IN2 of the delay difference adjustment circuit 12 via the cable 17b. The clock signal CLK2 is outputted from the output port PORT1 and is sent out to IN1 of the delay difference adjustment circuit 12 via the cable 17a.

Referring to FIG. 3, the delay difference adjustment circuit 12 outputs the clock signal CLK2 inputted from IN1 to the output terminal OUT1, and outputs the clock signal CLK1 inputted from IN2 to the output terminal OUT2. Thereupon, if the delay of the cable 17a provided between the PORT1 of the observed circuit 11 and the input terminal IN1 of the delay difference adjustment circuit 12 is smaller than the delay of the cable 17b provided between the PORT2 of the observed circuit 11 and the input terminal IN2 of the delay difference adjustment circuit 12, the signals outputted to the output terminals OUT1 and OUT2 have the phase relations as indicated in FIG. 4B. The phase difference detection circuit 23 detects how much the phase of the signal to the output terminal OUT2 is advanced as compared with the one to the output terminal OUT1. The phase difference hold circuit 24 holds the detection results after the exchange of the clock signals CLK1 and CLK2 which the phase difference detection circuit 23 outputs. Then, the comparator control circuit 26 detects that the phase difference hold circuit 24 holds both the results of the phase difference detection before and after the exchange of the clock signals CLK1 and CLK2, and lets the phase difference comparison circuit 25 output the comparison results. In this manner, the signals which direct count up, count down or hold the counted value are inputted to the counter 28. The counter 28 varies the counted value, whereby the value of. the delay amount adjustment signal S12 increase or decrease by one stage. Also, the counter hold circuit 29 detects that the phase differences before and after the exchange of the clock signals CLK1 and CLK2 are not equal by using the results of the phase difference comparison which the phase difference comparison circuit 25 outputs, and neither directs the counter 28 to hold the counted value nor inhibits the phase difference hold circuit 24 clear the holding value. Since the comparison results of the phase difference before and after the exchange of the clock signals CLK1 and CLK2 outputted from the phase difference comparison circuit 25 are not equal, and moreover, since the counter hold circuit 29 does not inhibit the phase difference hold circuit 24 from clearing the holding value, the reset direction circuit 30 sets the reset signal R4 to "0". The entire holding values of the phase difference hold circuit 24 are cleared.

Here, since the entire holding values of the phase difference hold circuit 24 are cleared, the comparator control circuit 26 inhibits the phase difference comparison circuit 25 from outputting the results of the phase difference comparison. Consequently, the count value of the counter 28 does not vary, the counter hold circuit 29 does not direct the counter 28 to hold the counted value, and the reset direction circuit 30 stops clearing the holding value of the phase difference hold circuit 24 by setting the value of the reset signal R4 to "1". The delay amount adjustment circuit 22 adjusts the delay amount of the clock signal CLK1 in accordance with the delay amount adjustment signal S12 whose value has been varied. In the present embodiment, the value of the delay amount adjustment signal S12 increases by one, and three delay gate stages are imposed on the clock singal CLK1. Since the selector direction circuit 27 keeps the value of the selector signal S11 unchanged, i. e., "1", the signals outputted to the output terminals OUT1 and OUT2 have the phase relations as indicated in FIG. 4C. For this reason, the phase difference detection circuit 23 detects how much the phase of the signal to the output terminal OUT2 is advanced as compared with the one to the output terminal OUT1, and the phase difference hold circuit 24 holds the phase detection result detected by the phase difference detection circuit 23 The phase difference hold circuit 24 holds only one result detected by the phase difference detection circuit 23 at this time. Therefore, the comparator control circuit 26 inhibits the phase difference comparison circuit 25 from outputting the signal which directs to count up, count down or hold the counted value to the counter 28. For this reason, the counted value of the counter 28 does not vary, the counter hold circuit 29 does not direct the counter 28 to hold the counted value, and the reset direction circuit 30 does not reset the holding value of the phase difference hold circuit 24. The selector direction circuit 27 detects that the phase difference hold circuit 24 holds only the results of the phase difference detection, and directs the selector circuit 21 of the observed circuit 11 to exchange the clock signals CLK1 and CLK2 by changing the value of the selector signal S11 to "0".

Referring to FIG. 2, as a result of the selector signal S11 becoming "0", the selector circuit 21 exchanges the clock signals CLK1 and CLK2 once again. The clock signal CLK1 is inputted to the input terminal IN1 of the delay difference adjustment circuit 12 from the output port PORT1 via the cable 17a. The clock signal CLK2 is inputted to the input terminal IN2 from the output port PORT2 via the cable 17b.

Referring to FIG. 3, in the delay difference adjustment circuit 12, the clock signal CLK1 inputted from the input terminal IN1 is outputted to the output terminal OUT1, and the clock signal CLK2 inputted from the input terminal IN2 is outputted to the output terminal OUT2. The signal waveforms. outputted to the output terminals OUT1 and OUT2 have the phase relations as indicated in FIG. 4D. The phase difference detection circuit 23 detects how much the phase of the signal outputted to the output terminal OUT1 is advanced as compared with the one outputted to the output terminal OUT2. The phase difference hold circuit 24 holds the phase detection result detected by the phase difference detection circuit 23. At this time, the phase difference hold circuit 24 holds two phase detection results corresponding to two combinations made by the two clock signals CLK1 and CLK2 and cables 17. Therfore, the comparator control circuit 26 detects that the phase difference hold circuit 24 holds two phase difference detection results and lets the phase difference comparison circuit 25 output the comparison results of the phase difference. In this case, since both of the two phase differences are equal or substantialy equal, the counter 28 does not vary the count value, i.e., the value of the delay amount adjustment signal S12 does not vary. The counter hold circuit 29 directs the counter 28 to hold the counted value, and the reset direction circut 30 inhibits the phase difference hold circuit 24 from clearing the holding value. Therfore, the reset direction circuit 30 does not set the value of the reset signal R4 to "0" and does not clear the holding value of the phase difference hold circuit 24. From the above it is clear that the delay difference of the two cables 17a and 17b is automatically adjusted without manual operation, thereby the true phases between the clock signals CLK1 and CLK2 are compared by the circuit 13. Therefore, the phase adjustment circuits 15 or 16 automatically adjusts the delay amounts of the clock signals by using the results of the phase comparison of phase comparison circuit 13.

Next, the operation of the delay adjustment circuit 12 will be described in detail.

Referring to FIG. 2, when the selector signal S11 is "O", in the observed circuit 11, the selector 21a of the selector circuit 21 outputs the clock signal CLK1 to the port PORT1 and supplies it to the two-stage delay gate 22a of the delay amount adjustment circuit 22 via the cable 17a and the input terminal IN1. The selector 21b outputs the clock signal CLK2 to the output port PORT2 and supplies it to the variable delay gate 22b via the cable 17b and the input terminal IN2.

Referring to FIG. 3, in the delay amount adjustment circuit 22, when the initial value of the two-bit delay amount adjustment signal S12 is set to "01", since the selector 22c selects the input IN2 which has passed through 2 stages of the variable delay gate 22b, both of the signals outputted to the outputs OUT1 and OUT2 pass through the two-stage delay gate and are delayed by two delay stages from the signals outputted to the inputs IN1 and IN2, respectively. At this time, the signals outputted to the outputs OUT1 and OUT2 have the waveforms indicated in FIG.4A, and the value of each of the flip-flops inside the phase difference detection circuit 23 becomes "11000" for the FFs 231a-231e and "00000" for the FFs 232a-232e. Furthermore, in the phase difference hold circuit 24, the FFs 241a-241d fetch "0100" and the FFs 242a-242d fetch "0000". From this, since the hold signal H17-1 becomes "1" and H17-2 becomes "0", the FF 241a-241d hold the values and the selector direction circuit 27 switches the selector signal S11 to "1". Furthermore, since the output of the comparator control circuit 26 remains as "0", the comparator 25c of the phase difference comparison circuit 25 is outputting all the signals u, e, and d as "0".

Referring to FIG. 2, as a result of the selector signal S11 being switched to "1", in the observed circuit 11, the selector 21a outputs the clock signal CLK2 to the output port PORT1 and supplies it to the two-stage delay gate 22a via the cable 17a and the input IN1. The selector 21b outputs the clock signal CLK1 to the output port PORT2 and supplies it to. the variable delay gate 22b via the cable 17b and the input IN2.

Referring to FIG. 3, in the delay amount adjustment circuit 22, since the delay amount adjustment signal S12 is "01", both of the signals outputted to the output terminals OUT1 and OUT2 pass through the two stages of the delay gate and are delayed by two delay stages from the signals inputted from the inputs IN1 and IN2, respectively. At this time, if there is no or substantialy no delay difference between the cables 17, the FFs 232a-232e become "11000" in a manner similar to that when the selector signal S11 was "0" as described above, and furthermore, the FF 242a-242d ought to be "0100". However, for example, if the delay of the cable 17a is slightly smaller than the delay of the cable 17b, the signals outputted to the outputs OUT1 and OUT2 have waveforms as indicated in FIG. 4B. In this case, the values of the FFs 232a-232e of the phase difference detection circuit 23 become "11110" and consequently the FFs 242a-242d of the phase difference hold circuit 24 become "0001". As a result of this, since the hold signal H17-2 becomes "1", the FFs 232a-232e hold the values and the comparator control circuit 26 sets the output to "1". The comparator 25c compares the output values of the encoders 25a and 25b because both the hold signals H17-1 and H17-2 are "1". At this time, the output of the encoder 25a is "10" and the output of the encoder 25b is "00", the signal u becomes "1", signal e becomes "0", and signal d becomes "0". Consequently, the counter 28 counts up only by "1", and the delay amount adjustment signal S12 becomes "10". Also, the reset direction circuit 30 switches the reset signal R4 from "1" to "0" and clears the hold value of the FFs 241a-241d and the FFs 242a-242d. Furthermore, since the comparator control circuit 26 sets the output to "0", all the output signals u, e, and d become "0", and the reset signal R4 returns to "1".

At this stage, a series of operations starting with the phase difference detection is executed once again. Referring to FIG. 2, since the selector signal S11 remains unchanged at "1", the selector 21a outputs the clock signal CLK2 to the output port PORT1 and supplies it to the two-stage gate 22a via the cable 17a and the input IN1. The selector 21b outputs the clock signal CLK1 to the output port PORT2 and supplies it to the variable delay gate 22b via the cable 17b and the input IN2.

Referring to FIG. 3, since the delay amount adjustment signal S12 has switched to "10", while the clock signal CLK2 outputted to the output OUT1 remains passing through the two stages of the delay gate, the clock signal CLK1 outputted to the output OUT2 pass through three stages of the delay gate and is delayed by three delay stages from the signal CLK1 inputted from the input IN2. In other words, the signals outputted to the output OUT1 and output OUT2 have the waveforms as indicated in FIG. 4C. Consequently, in the phase difference detection circuit 23, the FFs 231a-231e become "00000" and the FFs 232a-232e become "11100". In the phase difference hold circuit 24, the FFs 241a-241d become "0000" and the FFs 242a-242d become "0010". From this, since the hold signal H17-1 becomes "0", the hold signal H17-2 becomes "1", and the FFs 242a-242d only hold the values. The selector direction circuit 27 switches the selector signal S11 to "0". The output of the comparator control circuit 26 remains at "0".

Referring to' FIG. 2, in the observed circuit 11, according to the selector signal, S11 having switched to "0", the selector 21a outputs the clock signal CLK1 to the output port PORT1 and supplies it to the two-stage delay gate 22a via the cable 17a and the input IN1. The selector 21b outputs the clock signal CLK2 to the output port PORT2 and supplies it to the variable delay gate 22b via the cable 17b and the input IN2.

Referring to FIG. 3, in the delay amount adjustment circuit 22, since the delay amount adjustment signal S12 is still "10", the clock signal CLK1 outputted to the output OUT1 pass through the two stages of the delay gate and is delayed by two delay stages from the signal CLK1 inputted from the input IN1. The clock signal CLK2 outputted to the output OUT2 pass through three stages of the delay gate and is delayed by three delay stages from the signal CLK2 inputted from the output OUT2. At this time, the signals outputted to the outputs OUT1 and OUT2 have the waveforms indicated in FIG. 4D. Consequently, in the phase difference detection circuit 23, the FFs 231a-231e become "11100" and, in the phase difference hold circuit 24, the FFs 241a-241d become "0010". As a result of this, since the hold signal H17-1 becomes "1", the FFs 241a-241d hold the values, and since the comparator control circuit 26 sets the output of the encoder 25a to "01", the comparator 25c compares the output "01" of the encoder 25a and the output "01" of the encoder 25b. Since the values are equal, the signal u becomes "0", the signal e "1", and the signal d becomes "0", and the counter hold circuit 29 directs the counter 28 to hold its counted value.

On the other hand, if each of the delay amounts of each of the delay gates of the delay amount adjustment circuit 22 and the phase difference detection circuit 23 have variations, there is some possibility that the outputs of the encoder 25a and encoder 25b are not equal even though the counter 28 may vary the value of the delay amount adjustment signal S12 and switches the number of stages of the variable delay gate 22b. In this case, the output of the comparator 25c repeatedly changes between u=1 , d=0 and u=0, d=1. Therefore, the counter hold circuit 29 directs the counter 28 to hold the counted value and directs the reset direction circuit 30 to hold the reset signal R4 at "1", at the time when each of the output signals u and d of the comparator 25c has switched from "0" to "1" at least once. As a result of this, the adjustment of delay differences between the two cables is completed without requiring manual operations such as visual observation of the waveforms, exchange of cables or operation of the measuring instrument, and the phase comparison circuit 13 makes a comparison of true phases of the clock signal CLK1 and the clock signal CLK2. Consequently, the phase adjustment circuits 15 and 16 automatically adjust the delay amount based on the results of the phase comparison of the phase comparison circuit 13, i. e., they adjust phases of the clocks fully automatically.

In the present embodiment, the selector circuit 21 is provided within the observed circuit 11, however, the connection switching of the cables 17a and 17b may also be performed through manual means without providing the selector circuit 21. In this case, it is not absolutely necessary that the two clock signals be taken out of a single card or part, they may be taken out of two cards or parts which are different from each other. More specifically, the clock signal CLK1 is taken out of the first card or part, and the signal clock CLK2 is taken out of the second card or part.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Schaltung zum Einstellen der Differenz zwischen Verzögerungen einer ersten und einer zweiten Signalleitung, über die ein erstes und ein zweites Signal übertragen werden, wobei die Schaltung aufweist:
    • eine Einstellschaltung zum Empfangen des ersten und des zweiten Signals über die erste und die zweite Signalleitung und zum Verzögern des ersten und des zweiten Signals um eine gewünschte Verzögerung;
    • eine Detektionsschaltung zum Empfangen des ersten und des zweiten Signals von der Einstellschaltung und zum Detektieren einer Phasendifferenz zwischen diesen Signalen;
    • eine Halteschaltung zum Halten einer durch die Detektionsschaltung detektierten ersten Phasendifferenz, wenn die erste und die zweite Signalleitung das erste bzw. das zweite Signal übertragen, und zum Halten einer durch die Detektionsschaltung detektierten zweiten Phasendifferenz, wenn die erste und die zweite Signalleitung das zweite bzw. das erste Signal übertragen;
    • eine Vergleichsschaltung zum Vergleichen der ersten und der zweiten Phasendifferenz; und
    • einen Zähler zum Zählen als Reaktion auf das Vergleichsergebnis der Vergleichsschaltung und zum Festlegen der gewünschten Verzögerung der Einstellschaltung.
  2. Schaltung nach Anspruch 1, ferner mit:
    • einer Zählerhalteschaltung zum Anweisen des Zählers, den Zählwert zu halten, wenn die durch die Vergleichsschaltung verglichene erste und zweite Phasendifferenz gleich sind.
  3. Schaltung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, ferner mit:
    • einer Rücksetzanweisungsschaltung zum Anweisen der Halteschaltung, die darin gehaltene erste und zweite Phasendifferenz zu löschen, wenn die durch die Vergleichsschaltung verglichene erste und zweite Phasendifferenz nicht gleich sind.
  4. Schaltung nach Anspruch 1, 2 oder 3, ferner mit:
    • einer Sperrschaltung zum Verhindern, daß die Vergleichsschaltung das Vergleichsergebnis zum Zähler ausgibt, sofern nicht die Halteschaltung sowohl die erste als auch die zweite Phasendifferenz hält.
  5. Schaltung nach Anspruch 1, 2, 3 oder 4, ferner mit:
    • einer Austauschschaltung zum Austauschen des ersten und
    • des zweiten Signals und zum Ausgeben der jeweiligen Signale zu den gewünschten Leitungen der ersten und der zweiten Signalleitung.
  6. Schaltung nach Anspruch 5, ferner mit:
    • einer Anweisungsschaltung zum Anweisen der Austauschschaltung, das erste und das zweite Signal auszutauschen, wenn die Halteschaltung entweder die erste oder die zweite Phasendifferenz hält, die durch die Detektionsschaltung detektiert wird.
  7. Schaltung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6 mit:
    • einer Austauschschaltung zum Austauschen einer Kombination aus dem ersten und zweiten Signal und der ersten und zweiten Signalleitung und zum Ausgeben des ersten und zweiten Signals zu den entsprechenden Signalleitungen in Übereinstimmung mit der Kombination, wobei die Austauschschaltung in der beobachteten Schaltung vorgesehen ist; und
    wobei die Einstellschaltung das erste und zweite Signal von der Austauschschaltung über die erste und zweite Signalleitung empfängt und das erste und zweite Signal um eine gewünschte Verzögerung vor und nach dem Austausch der Kombination verzögert;

    wobei die Detektionsschaltung das erste und zweite Signal von der Einstellschaltung empfängt und die Phasendifferenzen zwischen diesen Signalen vor und nach dem Austausch detektiert;

    wobei die Halteschaltung die Phasendifferenzen zwischen dem ersten und zweiten Signal hält, die durch die Detektionsschaltung vor und nach dem Austausch detektiert werden;

    wobei die Vergleichsschaltung die durch die Halteschaltung gehaltenen Phasendifferenzen vergleicht, wenn beide Phasendifferenzen des ersten und zweiten Signals vor und nach dem Austausch in der Halteschaltung gehalten werden; und

    wobei der Zähler in Übereinstimmung mit den Vergleichsergebnissen der Vergleichsschaltung zählt und die gewünschte Verzögerung der Einstellschaltung festlegt.
  8. Schaltung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, ferner mit:
    • einer Vergleichsschaltung zum Vergleichen der Phasen des ersten und zweiten Signals, die über die erste und
    • zweite Signalleitung übertragen werden, deren Differenz zwischen Verzögerungen durch die Einstellschaltung eingestellt wird; und
    • einer zweiten Einstellschaltung zum Einstellen der Verzögerung des ersten und/oder zweiten Signals in Übereinstimmung mit den Vergleichsergebnissen der Phasenvergleichsschaltung.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A circuit for adjusting the difference between delays of a first and a second signal line through which a first and a second signal are transmitted, said circuit comprising:
    • an adjustment circuit for receiving the first and the second signal through said first and said second signal line, and for delaying the first and the second signal by a desired delay;
    • a detection circuit for receiving the first and the second signal from said adjustment circuit, and for detecting a phase difference between these signals;
    • a holding circuit for holding a first phase difference detected by said detection circuit when the first and the second signal line transmit said first and said second signal, respectively, and for holding a second phase difference detected by said detection circuit when the first and the second signal line transmit said second and said first signal, respectively;
    • a comparison circuit for comparing said first and said second phase difference; and
    • a counter for counting in response to the comparison result of said comparison circuit and for setting said desired delay of said adjustment circuit.
  2. The circuit as claimed in claim 1, further comprising:
    • a counter hold circuit for directing said counter to hold the counted value when said first and said second phase difference compared by said comparison circuit are equal.
  3. The circuit as claimed in claim 1 or 2, further comprising:
    • a reset direction circuit for directing said holding circuit to clear said first and said second phase difference held therein, when said first and said second phase difference compared by said comparison circuit are not equal.
  4. The circuit as claimed in claim 1, 2 or 3, further comprising:
    • a inhibition circuit for inhibitting said comparison circuit from outputting said comparison result to said counter, unless said holding circuit holds both said first and said second phase difference.
  5. The circuit as claimed in claim 1, 2, 3 or 4, further comprising:
    • an exchanging circuit for exchanging the first and the second signal and for outputting the respective signals to the desired lines of said first and said second signal line.
  6. The circuit as claimed in claim 5, further comprising:
    • a direction circuit for directing said exchanging circuit to exchange the first and the second signal, when said holding circuit holds either said first or said second phase difference detected by said detection circuit.
  7. The circuit as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6, comprising:
    • an exchange circuit for exchanging a combination of said first and second signals and said first and second signal lines, and for outputting said first and second signals to the corresponding signal lines in accordance with said combination, said exchange circuit being provided in the observed circuit; and
       wherein said adjustment circuit receives said first and second signals from said exchange circuit through said first and second signal lines, and delays said first and second signals by a desired delay before and after the exchange of said combination;

       wherein said detection circuit receives said first and second signals from said adjustment circuit and detects the phase differences between these signals before and after the exchange;

       wherein said holding circuit holds the phase differences beween said first and second signals detected by said detection circuit before and after the exchange;

       wherein said comparison circuit compares the phase differences held by said holding circuit when both of the phase differences of said first and second signals before and after the exchange are held in said holding circuit; and

       wherein said counter counts in accordance with the comparison results of said comparison circuit, and sets said desired delay of said adjustment circuit.
  8. The circuit as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 7, further comprising:
    • a comparison circuit for comparing the phases of said first and second signals transmitted through said first and second signal lines whose difference between delays is adjusted by said adjustment circuit; and
    • a second adjustment circuit for adjusting the delay of at least one of said first and second signals in accordance with the comparison results of said phase comparison circuit.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Circuit pour ajuster la différence entre les retards d'une première et d'une seconde ligne de signal au travers desquelles un premier et un second signal sont transmis, ledit circuit comprenant :
    • un circuit d'ajustement pour recevoir le premier et le second signal au travers de ladite première et ladite seconde ligne de signal, et pour retarder, d'un retard désiré, le premier et le second signal ;
    • un circuit de détection pour recevoir le premier et le second signal en provenance dudit circuit d'ajustement, et pour détecter une différence de phase entre ces signaux ;
    • un circuit de détention pour détenir une première différence de phase détectée par ledit circuit de détection lorsque la première et la seconde ligne de signal transmettent ledit premier et ledit second signal, respectivement, et pour détenir une seconde différence de phase détectée par ledit circuit de détection lorsque la première et la seconde ligne de signal transmettent ledit second et ledit premier signal, respectivement ;
    • un circuit de comparaison pour comparer ladite première et ladite seconde différence de phase ; et
    • un compteur pour compter en réponse au résultat de la comparaison dudit circuit de comparaison et pour établir ledit retard désiré dudit circuit d'ajustement.
  2. Circuit selon la revendication 1, comprenant, en outre :
    • un circuit de détention par compteur pour ordonner audit compteur de détenir la valeur comptée lorsque ladite première et ladite seconde différence de phase comparées par ledit circuit de comparaison sont égales.
  3. Circuit selon la revendication 1 ou 2, comprenant, en outre :
    • un circuit d'ordonnance de réinitialisation pour ordonner audit circuit de détention de supprimer ladite première et ladite seconde différence de phase qui y sont détenues lorsque ladite première et ladite seconde différence de phase comparées par ledit circuit de comparaison ne sont pas égales.
  4. Circuit selon la revendication 1, 2 ou 3, comprenant, en outre :
    • un circuit d'interdiction pour interdire audit circuit de comparaison de transmettre ledit résultat de comparaison audit compteur, sauf si ledit circuit de détention détient à la fois ladite première et ladite seconde différence de phase.
  5. Circuit selon la revendication 1, 2, 3 ou 4, comprenant, en outre :
    • un circuit d'interversion pour intervertir le premier et le second signal et pour délivrer les signaux respectifs sur les lignes désirées de ladite première et ladite seconde ligne de signal.
  6. Circuit selon la revendication 5, comprenant, en outre :
    • un circuit d'ordonnance pour ordonner audit circuit d'interversion d'intervertir le premier et le second signal lorsque ledit circuit de détention détient, soit ladite première, soit ladite seconde, différence de phase détectée par ledit circuit de détection.
  7. Circuit selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, comprenant :
    • un circuit d'interversion pour intervertir une combinaison desdits premier et second signaux et desdites première et seconde lignes de signal, et pour délivrer lesdits premier et second signaux sur les lignes de signal correspondantes conformément à ladite combinaison, ledit circuit d'interversion étant prévu dans le circuit observé ; et
       dans lequel ledit circuit d'ajustement reçoit lesdits premier et second signaux en provenance dudit circuit d'interversion au travers desdites première et seconde lignes de signal, et retarde, d'un retard désiré, lesdits premier et second signaux avant et après l'interversion de ladite combinaison ;

       dans lequel ledit circuit de détection reçoit lesdits premier et second signaux en provenance dudit circuit d'ajustement et détecte les différences de phase entre ces signaux avant et après l'interversion ;

       dans lequel ledit circuit de détention détient les différences de phase entre lesdits premier et second signaux détectées par ledit circuit de détection avant et après l'interversion ;

       dans lequel ledit circuit de comparaison compare les différences de phase détenues par ledit circuit de détention lorsque les deux différences de phase desdits premier et second signaux avant et après l'interversion sont détenues dans ledit circuit de détention ; et

       dans lequel ledit compteur compte en fonction des résultats de comparaison dudit circuit de comparaison et établit ledit retard désiré dudit circuit d'ajustement.
  8. Circuit selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, comprenant :
    • un circuit de comparaison pour comparer les phases desdits premier et second signaux transmis au travers desdites première et seconde lignes de signal dont la différence entre les retards est ajustée par ledit circuit d'ajustement ; et
    • un second circuit d'ajustement pour ajuster le retard d'au moins l'un desdits premier et second signaux en fonction des résultats de comparaison dudit circuit de comparaison de phases.






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