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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0868329 07.08.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0868329
Titel ANORDNUNG FÜR SICHERHEITSGURT
Anmelder Aktiebolaget Volvo, Göteborg/Gotenburg, SE
Erfinder LAKE, Jan, S-415 06 Göteborg, SE
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69628941
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 19.12.1996
EP-Aktenzeichen 969441591
WO-Anmeldetag 19.12.1996
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/SE96/01702
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0097024242
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 10.07.1997
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 07.10.1998
EP date of grant 02.07.2003
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 07.08.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse B60R 22/00

Beschreibung[en]
TECHNICAL FIELD:

The present invention relates to a vehicle comprising an arrangement for a safety-belt according to the preamble of claim 1. In particular, the main application of the invention is in connection with safety-belts for motor vehicles.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION:

A vehicle according to the preamble of claim 1 is known from document DE3741831.

In vehicles, particularly in passenger cars, safety-belts are normally used to secure those travelling in the vehicle. In a known manner, the safety-belts add to the safety of those travelling in the vehicle. A common kind of safety-belt is the so-called three-point belt which comprises a belt attached to a retracting device which is normally arranged on the body of the vehicle, at the side of the seats. The belt runs from the retracting device, across the torso of the passenger or driver. Normally, at the level of the one shoulder of the passenger or the driver, there is an upper belt guide through which the belt runs. The belt is fastened by a locking means at an attachment point on the side of the driver or the passenger. The belt also runs through a guide at this attachment point, and runs across the waist of the driver or passenger. Finally, the belt is fixedly attached to the floor of the vehicle on the opposite side of the driver or passenger relative to the attachment point.

In terms of the function of the safety-belt, it is an important requirement that the above mentioned upper belt guide is arranged so that the belt runs through it at a point close to the shoulder part of the driver or passenger when sitting in an upright position, i.e. with the backrest in an upright position. In this way optimal protection can be obtained from the safety-belt in a possible collision. The belt in this manner runs through the belt guide close to the shoulder of the driver or passenger, across the chest of the driver or passenger, through another belt guide at the lower attachment and guide point, and across the waist of the driver or passenger towards the fixation point.

Although conventional seat belts of the three-point type provide good protection in most normal situations they are somewhat inadequate in those cases where the driver or passenger sits in a position somewhat different from the normal, i.e. upright position, which has been described above. In particular, conventional three-point belts do not provide optimal safety if a passenger wishes to recline the backrest in order to rest or sleep when travelling in the vehicle. This is particularly relevant for a passenger who sits in the passenger seat next to the driver. If the backrest of the seat is reclined, the upper guide point of the safety-belt will be at a point a long way in front of and above the shoulder of the passenger. Thus, the safety-belt cannot provide optimal protection in case of a collision.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION:

A main object of the present invention is thus to solve the above mentioned problem and to provide an improved arrangement for a safety-belt, which arrangement permits the use of safety-belts which maintain their protective function even with the backrest reclined This is achieved by a vehicle of the kind mentioned initially, the characteristics of which will become evident from claim 1.

DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES:

The invention will be described in greater detail in the following with reference to the appended drawings, in which

Fig. 1
is a perspective view of a passenger compartment of a vehicle, which shows an arrangement according to the present invention and the application thereof,
Fig. 2
is a somewhat enlarged view which shows the locking means according to Fig. 1,
Fig. 3
is a side view of the arrangement in Fig. 1,
Fig. 4
is a detailed view of a locking means which is part of the present invention, in an open position,
Fig. 5
is a view of the locking means in Fig. 4, in its locking position,
Fig. 6
is a cross-section of a locking shackle, which preferably is comprised in the invention,
Fig. 7
is an enlarged view of a part of the locking shackle in Figs. 4 and 5, and
Fig. 8
is a cross-section along the line A-A in Fig. 6.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS:

Fig. 1 shows a perspective view of a passenger compartment in a motor vehicle, where the invention preferably can be applied. The drawing shows a vehicle front seat 1 with a corresponding backrest 2. The backrest 2 is shown with dashed lines in its normal position and with solid lines in a position somewhat reclined.

The vehicle is in a conventional manner equipped with a safety-belt with a forward belt 3 arranged in connection with the front seat 1. The forward belt 3 runs from an attachment 4 in the floor of the vehicle, via a lower guiding point 5 and across an upper guiding point 6. The lower guiding point 5 consists of a conventional belt lock through which the belt 3 runs. The belt lock 5 comprises a locking tongue 7 which can be locked in a locking means 8. The locking means 8 is in turn fixedly attached to the floor of the vehicle.

At the upper guiding point 6 the forward belt 3 runs in a known manner through an opening in a panel 9 in the side of the vehicle. The belt 3 is retracted onto a (not shown) belt roll which is arranged behind the panel 9. In a known manner, the belt roll is arranged to automatically retract the front belt 3 when it is not in use. The upper guiding point 6 is arranged close to a point where a passenger sitting upright has his one shoulder. From this it will become apparent that the front belt 3 will provide optimal protection effect when the backrest 2 is in its upright position.

According to what has been described initially, there is in earlier known arrangements a problem regarding insufficient protection from the safety belt in those cases where the passenger in the seat 1 wishes to recline in order to rest or to sleep, and for this reason reclines the backrest 2. In order to solve this problem, the present invention comprises a special locking unit 10, the construction and function of which will be described in more detail below. The object of the locking unit 10 is to connect the front belt 3 with a rear belt 11, which in most passenger cars is arranged to be used by passengers in the back seat.

According to the invention the rear belt 11 has the same principal construction as the forward seat-belt 3, and comprises a second upper guiding point 12 and a second lower guiding point 13, where the latter also constitutes an attachment for the rear belt 11. In a known manner, the rear belt 11 is attached to a (not shown) rear belt roll by means of which it is automatically retracted when it is not in use.

As can be seen in Fig. 2, the locking unit 10 is a separate component which can be attached between the forward safety-belt 3 and the rear safety-belt 11. The forward belt 3 can be guided through the locking unit 10, while the rear belt 11 is locked in the locking unit 10 by means of a rear belt lock 14, which comprises a locking tongue 15 which can be fixed in a corresponding fixing means 16 in the locking unit 10. The fixing means 16 of the locking unit 10 is of the same conventional kind as the above mentioned fixing means 8 and 13, respectively and comprises a release button for the release of the locking tongue 14 when the rear belt 11 is to be released.

Fig. 3 shows a side view of the arrangement according to the invention. In the drawing, a passenger 17 is indicated by dashed lines. The passenger 17 has positioned the backrest 2 to sleep or rest. In connection with this, the locking unit 10, has been attached to the forward belt 3, and the rear belt 11 has thereafter been fastened to the locking unit 10 as has been described above. The rear safety-belt 11 can thus no longer be used by somebody travelling in the back seat 18 of the vehicle. Instead the rear belt 11 runs from the (not shown) rear belt roll at the second upper guiding point 12 and forward to the locking unit 10. The rear belt 11 further runs to its attachment 19 at the floor of the vehicle, where it is fixedly attached.

From Fig. 3 it can be seen that the guiding point G of the front belt 3 has been moved to a position immediately adjacent to the shoulder of the passenger 17.

The part of the rear belt 11 which runs forwards to the locking unit 10 here constitutes an "extension" of the front belt 3. Optimal protection effect is in this way provided for the passenger even when he has the backrest 2 in a non-upright position, since the belt will always adopt a correct position, regardless of the angle of the backrest. In a possible collision the passenger 17 will be protected just as safely as if he were sitting upright and were using the forward belt in a conventional manner.

In order to further improve the safety, the front seat 1 is preferably equipped with a protecting means 20 in order to prevent the passenger 17 from, in the event of a collision, submarining under the front belt 3. The submarining protector 20 is a pillow-like element which is arranged where the passenger 17 normally has his thighs. In this way, forward motion of the passenger in case of sudden braking or a collision is prevented.

Fig. 4 shows the locking unit 10 according to the invention, in detail. The locking unit 10 comprises a fixing means 16 of an essentially conventional kind, arranged in a casing 17. In this way the belt lock 14 for the rear belt 11 can be locked in the locking unit 10 by moving it in the direction indicated by arrows. In the drawing, the locking tongue of the belt lock 14 is shown in the locking position with dashed lines. In a conventional manner, the fixing means 16 comprises a release button for the release of the belt lock 14 from the locking unit 10.

When the locking tongue 15 has been locked, it is fixedly connected to a locking element 18 which is shaped like a yoke with two protruding arms 19, 20. The locking element 18 is preferably made of metal. The first arm 19 comprises an axial pin 21, about which a lock shackle 22 is rotatably arranged. There is further provided a locking pin 23 in the lock shackle 22, substantially parallel to the axial pin 21. The locking pin 23 can be moved in a slot 24 along the lock shackle 22 and can assume an upper and a lower position. The lower position is denoted by reference numeral 25. The locking pin 23 is moved towards the upper position by means of a (not shown) spring element in the lock shackle 22. The arrangement with the spring element will be described below, with reference to Figs. 7 and 8. As will become apparent below, the locking pin 23 can be moved towards the lower position 25 by means of a push-button 26.

The second arm 20 of the locking element 18 has an end section 27 which is essentially hook-shaped. When the locking unit 10 is to be used, i.e. when the front belt 3 is to be locked in the locking unit 10, the front belt 3 is placed in the position shown in Fig. 4. In this position, the belt is in contact with a rounded surface of a tube of hardened plastic which is part of the locking element 18. Thereafter, the lock shackle 22 is rotated towards its locked position, which is shown in Fig. 5. In so doing, the push-button 26 is depressed, so that the locking pin 23 can pass the outermost tip of the end section 27 of the second arm 20.

With reference to Fig. 5, the locking unit 10 is shown in its locked position. From this it will become apparent that the locking pin 23 fixes the lock shackle 22, since the locking pin 23 here is in its upper position behind the hook-shaped end section 27 of the second arm 20. In this position, the belt 3 is locked but still mobile, since the locking shackle 22 is not in direct contact with the belt 3 so that it is locked.

Fig. 6 shows a cross-section of the principal construction of the lock shackle 22. From the drawing it will become apparent that the lock shackle 22 comprises two side walls 28, 29 between which the locking pin 23 is arranged. The push-button 26 is also arranged between the side walls 28, 29, and is connected with a yoke-shaped part 30, by means of which the locking pin 23 can be manipulated. The lock shackle 22 is surrounded by a housing 31.

When the passenger wishes to use the invention, the belt lock 14 is locked in the locking unit 10. The front belt 3 is then placed in the position shown in Figs. 4 and 5. The lock shackle 22 is then swung into position, after which the belt 3 runs around the lock shackle 22. In a possible collision, a strong tractive force will influence the locking element 18, causing the two arms 19, 20 to strive to move towards each other, i.e. so that the angle between the arms 19, 20 will decrease. This, in turn, will cause the belt 3 to become trapped between the arms 19, 20. In this way a secure locking of the belt 3 in the locking unit 10 is obtained in case of a collision.

Fig. 7 shows an enlarged side view of the upper part of the locking shackle 22 and of the hook-shaped end section 27 of the locking element 18. The lock shackle 22 is shown in its locking position, i.e. with a locked belt (cf Fig. 5). Fig. 8 further shows a cross-section along the line A-A of Fig. 7. According to the embodiment shown in these drawings, the lock shackle 22 comprises two side walls 28, 29 and a surrounding casing 31. The side walls 28, 29 are equipped with one groove each 24, 32, along which the locking pin 23 can be moved. The locking pin 23 is further prevented from being axially displaced out of the groove, since it comprises end sections 33, 34 with a diameter which is somewhat larger than the width of the groove 24, 32.

The locking pin 23 is biased towards an upper position in the grooves 24, 32 by means of a spring arrangement which comprises two springs 35, 36. One end of each spring 35, 36 is in contact with its corresponding side wall 28, 29, and the other end is in contact with the locking pin 23. Due to the spring force from the springs 35, 36, the locking pin 23 strives to move upwards.

The locking pin 23 can be moved downwards by displacing the push-button 26 in the direction indicated with arrows in Figs. 7 and 8. The push-button 26 is in turn connected to a yoke-shaped element 30, the end sections of which are arranged around the locking pin 23. The upper part of the housing 31 preferably comprises a (not shown) groove or the like, so that the yoke 30 is maintained in an essentially vertical position.

When the push-button 26 is depressed, the locking pin 23 moves downwards in the direction of the force from the spring arrangement, so that the respective springs 35, 36 are compressed. When the locking pin 23 is below the hook-shaped end section 27, the lock shackle 22 can swing out to its open position, so that a belt which has been locked in the locking unit 10 can be removed. In a similar manner the push-button 26 can be depressed when the locking shackle 22 is to be moved to its locking position.

The hook-shaped end section 27 and the springs 35, 36 can be shaped so that the push-button does not need to be depressed when closing the lock shackle 22. Instead the locking pin 23 can be depressed when, during the closing of the lock shackle 22, it comes into contact with the outside of the end section 27. When the locking pin 23 has passed the lowest point of the end section 27, it will, due to the force from the springs 35, 36, move up to its upper position. In this manner, the locking shackle 22 can be closed without influencing the push-button 26.

The invention is not limited to the described embodiments but can be varied within the scope of the appended claims.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Fahrzeug mit einer Anordnung für Sicherheitsgurte in Fahrzeugen, bestehend aus einem Vordersitz (1, 2) für einen Beifahrer (17), einem Hintersitz (18) und einem Vordersitzgurt (3), der über einen oberen Führungspunkt (6) verläuft, welcher sich unabhängig vom Neigungswinkel des Vordersitzes (1, 2) in einem Bereich (6) des Fahrzeugs befindet, in dem sich die Schulter des in aufrechter Position sitzenden Beifahrers (17) befindet, der weiter zu einem Führungspunkt (G) unmittelbar neben der Schulter des Beifahrers (17) und dann nach unten zu einem unteren Befestigungspunkt (5) neben dem Beifahrer (17) verläuft, wobei die Anordnung außerdem eine Verbindungseinrichtung (11) aufweist, die am Fahrzeug befestigt und so ausgeführt ist, dass sie den unmittelbar neben der Schulter des Beifahrers (17) befindlichen Führungspunkt (G) im Verhältnis zur Fahrtrichtung des Fahrzeugs nach hinten verschiebt, so dass der Vordersitzgurt (3) in Kontakt mit dem Beifahrer (17) kommt, wenn er sich in einer zurückgelehnten Sitzposition befindet, wobei diese Anordnung außerdem eine Verschlusseinheit (10) zum Verbinden des Vordersitzgurts (3) mit der Verbindungseinrichtung (11) aufweist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Verbindungseinrichtung (11) aus einem für den Hintersitz (18) vorgesehenen Sicherheitsgurt (11) gebildet wird, der hinter dem Vordersitz (1, 2) fest mit dem Fahrzeug verbunden ist.
  2. Anordnung entsprechend Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Schließeinheit (10) ein Schließelement (18) aufweist, das aus zwei Armen (19, 20) und einem Schließbügel (22) besteht, welcher schwenkbar auf einem der beiden Arme (19) angeordnet ist, wobei der zweite Arm (20) eine Schließvorrichtung (27) aufweist, die einen Verschlusseffekt mit der entsprechenden Schließvorrichtung (23) auf dem Schließbügel bewirkt, wodurch der Vordersitzgurt (3) geschlossen wird.
  3. Anordnung entsprechend Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Arme (19, 20) so angeordnet sind, dass sie im Fall einer Kollision so verformt werden, dass sie aufeinander zu bewegt werden und damit den Vordersitzgurt (3) sichern.
Anspruch[en]
  1. Vehicle comprising an arrangement for seat-belts in vehicles comprising a front seat (1, 2) for a front seat passenger (17), a rear seat (18) and a front seat belt (3) which runs via an upper guiding point (6) which is positioned, independently of the degree of inclination of the front seat (1, 2), at an area (6) in the vehicle where the passenger (17) when seated in an upright position has his shoulder, to a guiding point (G) immediately adjacent to the shoulder of the passenger (17) and down to a lower attachment point (5) beside the passenger (17), said arrangement further comprising connection means (11) which is fixed to the vehicle and which is adapted for moving said guiding point (G) immediately adjacent to the shoulder of the passenger (17) in a rearward direction, with reference to the direction of travel of the vehicle, so that the front seat belt (3) is in contact with the passenger (17) when he is in a reclined position, said arrangement further comprises a locking unit (10) for connection of said front seat belt (3) with said connection means (11), characterized in that said connection means (11) is constituted by a seat-belt (11) intended for said rear seat (18) and being fixed to said vehicle behind said front seat (1, 2).
  2. Arrangement according to claim 1, characterized in that the locking unit (10) comprises a locking element (18) comprising two arms (19, 20) and a lock shackle (22) which is rotatably arranged on one of said arms (19), and where the second arm (20) comprises locking means (27) for locking interaction with corresponding locking means (23) on the lock shackle (22), by means of which said front seat belt (3) is locked.
  3. Arrangement according to claim 2, characterized in that said arms (19, 20) are arranged for deformation in case of collision so that they are moved towards each other, thus securing said front seat belt (3).
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Véhicule comportant un agencement de ceintures de sécurité dans des véhicules comportant un siège avant (1, 2) destiné à un passager de siège avant (17), un siège arrière (18) et une ceinture de sécurité avant (3) qui s'étend via un point de guidage supérieur (6) qui est positionné, indépendamment du degré d'inclinaison du siège avant (1, 2), au niveau d'une zone (6) située dans le véhicule où le passager (17) a son épaule lorsqu'il est assis dans une position droite, vers un point de guidage (G) immédiatement adjacent à l'épaule du passager (17), et en bas vers un point de fixation inférieur (5) à côté du passager (17), ledit agencement comportant de plus des moyens de connexion (11) qui sont fixés sur le véhicule, et qui sont adaptés pour déplacer ledit point de guidage (6) immédiatement adjacent à l'épaule du passager (17) dans une direction vers l'arrière, par rapport à la direction de trajet du véhicule, de sorte que la ceinture de sécurité avant (3) est en contact avec le passager (17) lorsqu'il est dans une position couchée, ledit agencement comportant de plus une unité de verrouillage (10) destinée à connecter ladite ceinture de sécurité avant (3) avec lesdits moyens de connexion (11), caractérisé en ce que lesdits moyens de connexion (11) sont constitués d'une ceinture de sécurité (11) prévue pour ledit siège arrière (18), et qui est fixée sur ledit véhicule derrière ledit siège avant (1, 2).
  2. Agencement selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que l'unité de verrouillage (10) comporte un élément de verrouillage (18) comportant deux bras (19, 20) et une attache de verrouillage (22) qui est agencée de manière rotative sur un desdits bras (19), et où le second bras (20) comporte des moyens de verrouillage (27) pour une interaction de verrouillage avec des moyens de verrouillage correspondants (23) situés sur l'attache de verrouillage (22), par l'intermédiaire desquels ladite ceinture de sécurité avant (3) est verrouillée.
  3. Agencement selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que lesdits bras (19, 20) sont prévus pour une déformation en cas de collision, de sorte qu'ils sont déplacés l'un vers l'autre, en fixant ainsi ladite ceinture de sécurité avant (3).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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