PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1324434 07.08.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 1324434
Titel Elektrische Steckverbinderanordnung mit Kurzschlusselementen
Anmelder FCI, Paris, FR
Erfinder Hayes, Earl J., South Lyon, Michigan, 48178, US;
McLachlan, Raymond B., Macomb Twp., Michigan 48044, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 13.12.2002
EP-Aktenzeichen 020280210
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 02.07.2003
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 07.08.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse H01R 31/08

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to an electrical connector of the kind referred to in the preamble portion of patent claim 1. Such a connector is known from US 5 145 356 A . The invention relates further to a method for assembling such an electrical connector.

2. Brief Description of Prior Developments

U.S. Patent No. 6,186,805 discloses a short circuit electrical connector assembly. The assembly has a male electrical connector with shorting members that contact the male electrical contacts until the female electrical connector is mated with the male electrical connector. Electrical connector assemblies which use a short circuit on contacts when two mating electrical connectors are not mated with each other are used in automobile air bag safety systems. The short circuit helps prevent an air bag ignition system from inadvertently igniting when the mating electrical connectors are disconnected from each other.

US 5 145 356 A discloses an electrical connector comprising a housing, electrical contacts connected to the housing, wherein the contacts are aligned in an array of at least two rows with multiple ones of the contacts in each row, electrical shorting members being connected to the housing, each shorting member being adapted to electrically connect at least two of the contacts to each other, wherein the shorting members are each movable to a position spaced from the contacts.

US-A-4,842,549 discloses an electrical connector comprising a housing; electrical contacts connected to the housing, each contact comprising a male contact area to form a male electrical connector, wherein the contacts are aligned in an array of at least two rows with multiple ones of the contacts in each row.

There has been a significant increase in the use of air bags in automobiles in recent years. In addition, there has been an increase in the number of connectors for safety restraint applications used in individual vehicles, including frontal and lateral air bags and seatbelt pretensioners. It is an object of the present invention to provide an electrical connector which helps to reduce the number of electrical connectors used in automobile safety restraint systems and to centralize the related electronics in order to reduce manufacturing costs.

This object is accomplished with an electrical connector as claimed and with the method for assembling an electrical connector assembly as claimed.

Dependent claims are directed on features of preferred embodiments of the invention.

In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, an electrical connector is provided including a housing; electrical contacts connected to the housing; and electrical shorting members connected to the housing. Each contact includes a male contact area to form a male electrical connector. Each shorting member is adapted to electrically connect at least two of the contacts to each other. Each one of the contacts is connected to at least one other contact of the contacts in the connector by the shorting member. The shorting members are each movable to a position spaced from the contacts. The contacts are aligned in an array of at least two rows with multiple ones of the contacts in each row.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, an electrical connector is provided comprising a housing; and electrical contacts connected to the housing. The contacts are aligned in an array comprising two rows of the contacts. The housing comprises at least two rows of spaced electrical shorting member mover projections extending forward at a forward mating side of the housing for insertion into a mating electrical connector. The at least two rows of projections are located in separate planes generally between the two rows of contacts.

In accordance with one method of the present invention, a method for assembling an electrical connector assembly is provided comprising steps of providing a female electrical connector with two rows of female electrical contacts and a housing with two rows of shorting member mover projections at a front end of the housing; providing a male electrical connector with two rows of male electrical contacts and two rows of movable electrical shorting members connecting pairs of the male electrical contacts in each row to each other; and connecting the male and female electrical connectors to each other, wherein the two rows of shorting member mover projections extend into the male electrical connector to move the two rows of shorting members off of electrical contact with their respective rows of the male contacts, and wherein the shorting members in a first one of the rows of shorting members are moved in an opposite direction from the shorting members in a second one of the rows of shorting members.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The foregoing aspects and other features of the present invention are explained in the following description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

  • Fig. 1 is a perspective view of two electrical connectors used to form an electrical connector assembly incorporating features of the present invention;
  • Fig. 2 is an exploded perspective view of the assembly shown in Fig. 1;
  • Fig. 3 is a front elevational view of the female electrical connector shown in Fig. 1;
  • Fig. 4 is a partial cross sectional view of a portion of the female electrical connector shown in Fig. 3 with its secondary lock not fully inserted yet;
  • Fig. 5 is a front elevational view of the male electrical connector shown in Fig. 1;
  • Fig. 6 is a partial cross sectional view of a portion of the male electrical connector shown in Fig. 5 with its secondary locks not fully inserted yet; and
  • Fig. 7 is a partial cross sectional view of the portions of the male and female electrical connectors shown in Figs. 4 and 6 in an assembled position.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Referring to Fig. 1, there is shown a perspective view of a female electrical connector 12 and a male electrical connector 14 which are used to form an electrical connector assembly 10 incorporating features of the present invention. Although the present invention will be described with reference to the single embodiment shown in the drawings, it should be understood that the present invention can be embodied in many alternate forms of embodiments. In addition, any suitable size, shape or type of elements or materials could be used.

The female electrical connector 12 is provided as part of an electrical cable assembly 2 which comprises electrical conductors 4, such as wires. However, in alternate embodiments, the female electrical connector 12 could be connected to any suitable type of conductors, such as mounted on a printed circuit board. The male electrical connector 14 is also provided as part of an electrical cable assembly 6 which comprises electrical conductors 8, such as wires. However, in an alternate embodiment, the male electrical connector 14 could be connected to any suitable type of conductors, such as mounted on a printed circuit board.

In the embodiment shown, the electrical connector assembly 10 is provided for an automobile air bag safety system. The connectors 12, 14 are adapted to removably connect airbags in an automobile to a control system for actuating the air bags. However, in alternate embodiments, features of the present invention could be used in any suitable type of electrical connector assembly. Features of the present invention are not necessarily limited to use in an automobile air bag safety system.

Referring also to Figs. 2-4, the female electrical connector 12 generally comprises a housing 16, electrical contacts 18, and a connector position assurance (CPA) latch 20. The housing 16, in the embodiment shown, generally comprises a main section 22 and a secondary lock 24. The main section 22 is preferably a one-piece member comprised of molded plastic or polymer material. The secondary lock 24 is also preferably a one-piece member comprised of molded plastic or polymer material. However, in an alternate embodiment, the main section 22 and/or secondary lock 24 could be comprised of multiple members and/or could be comprised of any suitable type of material(s).

The main section 22 generally comprises contact receiving areas 26, secondary lock receiving area 28, latch receiving area 30 and projections 32. A front end 36 of the main section 22 has a forward extending perimeter lip 34. The contact receiving areas 26 extend through the main section 22 between the rear end and the front end of the main section. Apertures 38 at the front end 36 extend into the contact receiving areas 26.

In the embodiment shown, the main section 22 comprises twelve of the contact receiving areas 26. However, in alternate embodiments, the main section 22 could comprise more or less than twelve contact receiving areas. The contact receiving areas 26 are sized and shaped to receive individual ones of the female electrical contacts 18 and fixedly retain the contacts in the contact receiving areas. In the embodiment shown, the contact receiving areas 36 are arranged in an array of two rows having six contact receiving areas in each row. However, in alternate embodiments, any suitable type of array could be provided which comprises multiple rows of contact receiving areas. In addition, each row could comprise any suitable number of contact receiving areas.

The secondary lock receiving area 28 extends into the front end 36 of the main section 22. In the embodiment shown, the secondary lock receiving area 28 has a general ring the shape. However, in alternate embodiments, the secondary lock receiving area could comprise any suitable type of shape. In one type of alternate embodiment, the main section 22 could comprise multiple secondary lock receiving areas. The secondary lock receiving area 28 is sized and shaped to matingly receive the secondary lock 24.

The main section 22 comprises deflectable arms 40 (see Fig. 4) at each of the contact receiving areas 26. The deflectable arms 40 are adapted to resiliently deflect outward when the contacts 18 are inserted, and latch back inward to latch the contacts inside the main section 22. When the secondary lock 24 is fully inserted into the secondary lock receiving area 28, the secondary lock 24 prevents the deflectable arms 40 from deflecting outward. Thus, because the deflectable arms are prevented from deflecting outward by the secondary lock 24, this allows the deflectable arms 40 to fixedly retain the contacts 18 in the contact receiving areas 26. In alternate embodiments, any suitable type of latching system for latching the contacts 18 in the housing 16 could be provided. In an alternate embodiment, the secondary lock might not be provided.

The latch receiving area 30 is located on a top side of the main section 22. The latch receiving area 30 is sized and shaped to receive the CPA latch 20. The CPA latch 20 can be movably located in the latch receiving area 30. The CPA latch 20 is adapted to latch onto the latch 42 on the male electrical connector 14. The CPA latch 20 is generally well known in the art.

The projections 32 extend in a forward direction at the front end 36 of the main section 22. The projections 32 have a general cantilevered wedge shape. However, in alternate embodiments, the projections could have any suitable type of shape. In the embodiment shown, the main section 22 comprises twelve of the projections 32. However, in alternate embodiments, more or less than twelve projections could be provided. The twelve projections 32 are aligned in an array of two rows. In an alternate embodiment, the projections 32 in each row could be replaced by a single elongate projection.

Each row comprises six of the projections 32. However, in alternate embodiments, any suitable type of array could be provided which comprises multiple rows of projections. In addition, each row could comprise any suitable number of projections. In the embodiment shown, the two rows of projections 32 are located in planes between the two rows of contact receiving areas 26. In an alternate embodiment, the rows of projections 32 could be located in planes outside the two rows of contact receiving areas 26. In another alternate embodiment, one of the rows of projections 32 could be located in a plane between the two rows of contact receiving areas and another one of the rows of projections could be located in a plane outside the two rows of contact receiving areas.

Referring now to Figs. 1, 2, 5 and 6, the male electrical connector 14 generally comprises a housing 50, electrical contacts 52, and the electrical shorting members 54. However, in alternate embodiments, the male electrical connector could comprise alternative or additional components. The housing 50 generally comprises a main section 56 and two secondary locks 58.

The main section 56 is preferably a one-piece member comprised of molded plastic or polymer material. Fig. 6 shows one of the two secondary locks 58 in a position not fully inserted into its locking position. Fig. 7 shows the secondary lock 58 in its fully inserted locking position in the main section 56. The secondary locks 58 are also preferably one-piece members comprised of molded plastic or polymer materials. However, in alternate embodiments, the main section 56 could be comprised of multiple members, the secondary locks 58 could be comprised of a single member, and/or the main section 56 and secondary locks 58 could be comprised of any suitable type of material(s).

The main section 56 generally comprises contact receiving areas 60 and secondary lock receiving areas 62. The front end 64 of the main section 56 has a forward extending perimeter lip 66. The perimeter lip 66 is sized and shaped to extend into the area inside the perimeter lip 34 of the female electrical connector 12. The contact receiving areas 60 extend through the main section 56 between the front end and the rear end of the main section. Apertures 68 at the front end 64 extend into the contact receiving areas 60.

In the embodiment shown, the main section 56 comprises twelve of the contact receiving areas 60. However, in alternate embodiments, the main section 56 could comprise more or less than twelve contact receiving areas. The contact receiving areas 60 are aligned in an array to allow the male electrical contacts 52 to matingly connect with the female electrical contacts 18 of the female electrical connector. The contact receiving areas 60 are sized and shaped to receive individual ones of the male electrical contacts 52 and fixedly retain the contacts in the contact receiving areas. The contact receiving areas 60 are arranged in an array of two rows having six contact receiving areas in each row. However, in alternate embodiments, any suitable type of array could be provided which comprises multiple rows of contact receiving areas. In addition, each row could comprise any suitable number of contact receiving areas.

The secondary lock receiving areas 62 extend into the front end 64 of the main section 56. In the embodiment shown, the secondary lock receiving areas 58 have general slot shapes and are located on opposite sides of two rows of contact receiving areas 60. However, in alternate embodiments, the secondary lock receiving areas could comprise any suitable type of shape. The secondary lock receiving areas 62 are sized and shaped to matingly receive the secondary locks 58.

The main section 56 of the housing 50 comprises deflectable arms 70 at each of the contact receiving areas 60. The deflectable arms 70 are adapted to resiliently deflect outward when the contacts 52 are inserted, and latch back inward to latch the contacts inside the main section 56. When the secondary locks 58 are fully inserted into the secondary lock receiving areas 62, the secondary locks 58 prevent the deflectable arms 70 from deflecting outward. Thus, because the deflectable arms are prevented from deflecting outward by the secondary locks 58, this allows the deflectable arms 70 to fixedly retain the contacts 52 in the contact receiving areas 60. In alternate embodiments, any suitable type of latching system for latching the contacts 52 in the housing 50 could be provided. In an alternate embodiment, the secondary locks might not be provided.

The main section 56 of the housing 50 also comprises shorting member receiving areas 72. The shorting member receiving areas 72 are sized and shaped to receive the electrical shorting members 54 therein. The shorting member receiving areas 72 extend into the front end 64 of the main section 56. The shorting member receiving areas 72 are arranged in an array of two rows located between the two rows of contact receiving areas 60. However, in alternate embodiments, the shorting member receiving areas 72 could be located in any suitable type of array, and/or could be located outside the two rows of contact receiving areas, or one inside and one outside. Each shorting member receiving area is provided for a single pair of the contact receiving areas 60. However, in alternate embodiments, one shorting member receiving area could be provided for more than two contact receiving areas.

The electrical shorting members or bars 54 are comprised of electrically conductive material, such as metal. In a preferred embodiment, the electrical shorting members 54 are comprised of stamped and formed sheet metal. Each electrical shorting member 54 generally comprises a mounting section 74 and two contact arms 76. In alternate embodiments, the electrical shorting member 54 could comprise more or less than two contact arms. In other alternate embodiments, any suitable type or shape of electrical shorting member(s) could be provided.

In the embodiment shown, the connector comprises six of the electrical shorting members 54. However, in alternate embodiments, more or less than six shorting members could be provided. The electrical shorting members 54 in a first one of the rows of members 54 are orientated in a revered orientation to the electrical shorting members in the other row of members 54. However, in an alternate embodiment, they could be orientated in a same orientation. The mounting section 74 is adapted to mount the shorting member 54 to the main section 56 in the receiving area 72. The contact arms 76 extend into the contact receiving areas 60 proximate the front apertures 68. The contact arms 76 make electrical contact with respective ones of a pair of the electrical contacts 52. However, the contact arms 76 are resiliently deflectable in inward directions away from contact with the electrical contacts 52.

The male electrical connector 14 comprises twelve of the male electrical contacts 52. However, in alternate embodiments, the male electrical connector could comprise any number of male electrical contacts. The male electrical contacts could also comprise different shapes. Each male electrical contact 52 comprises a male contact section 78. The male contact sections 78 extend in a forward direction out of the apertures 68. The male contact sections 78 are sized and shaped to be removably inserted into the receiving areas 80 of the female electrical contacts 18. The male electrical contacts 52 and the female electrical contacts 18 could comprise any suitable type of contacts, such as APEX terminal system electrical contacts manufactured and sold by FCI USA, Inc.

Referring now also to Fig. 7, portions of the female and male electrical connectors 12, 14 are shown in a mated configuration. When the two connectors 12, 14 are mated to each other, the male contact sections 78 of the male electrical contacts 52 extend into the receiving areas 80 of the female electrical contacts 18. This electrically connects the conductors 4, 8 to each other. The projections 32 extend into the apertures 68. The projections 32 extend between the contact arms 76 and the male electrical contacts 52. As the projections 32 are inserted, the contact arms 76 are deflected away from the male electrical contacts 52. Thus, the electrical short circuit of a pair of the male electrical contacts 52 by the electrical shorting members 54 is stopped. Because the two rows of contact arms 76 are moved in opposite directions by the projections 32, the forces encountered by deflection of the contact arms 76 are cancelled out or equalized by each other for easier insertion.

The embodiment described above can utilize a terminal system in a twelve-way (2x6) connector system. The connector system can comprise six shorting members to create an in-line connector capable of handling six different airbags circuits. With the proliferation of air bags in automobiles, automobile manufacturers are starting to envision centralization of air bag electronics. Centralization of air bag electronics could provide reduced costs and enable the electronics to be placed in a more protective area. The connector concept of the present invention can address the issue of combining the individual airbags circuits into one connector, thus reducing cost and space requirements. The concept can combine six or more air bag connections into a single multi-row connector system (such as 6x2). To date, there has been no indications that any attempt has been made in the prior art to develop and manufacture a multiple row air bag connector.

The present invention can provide a shunting capability in a multi-row connector that minimizes the overall size of the connector. The present invention can provide for use of existing electrical contacts, such as APEX terminals. The present invention also allows the ability to shunt all pairs of the terminals (six or more pairs) with one connection operation.

It should be understood that the foregoing description is only illustrative of the invention. Various alternatives and modifications can be devised by those skilled in the art without departing from the invention within the scope of the appended claims.


Anspruch[de]
Ein elektrischer Verbinderzusaroroenbau umfassend: ein Gehäuse (50); elektrische Kontakte (52), die mit dem Gehäuse verbunden sind, wobei die Kontakte in einer Anordnung von zumindest zwei Reihen ausgerichtet sind, wobei mehrere der Kontakte in jeder Reihe vorhanden sind; elektrische Kurzschlussglieder (54), die mit dem Gehäuse verbunden sind, wobei jedes Kurzschlussglied eingerichtet ist, um elektrisch zumindest zwei der Kontakte (52) miteinander zu verbinden, wobei die Kurzschlussglieder jeweils zu einer Position bewegbar sind, die von den Kontakten beabstandet ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jeder Kontakt einen männlichen Kontaktabschnitt (78) aufweist, um einen männlichen elektrischen Verbinder (14) zu bilden, und wobei jeder der Kontakte über ein Kurzschlussglied mit zumindest einem weiteren Kontakt der Kontakte in dem Verbinder verbunden ist, und wobei jedes Kurzschlussglied (54) einen Montageabschnitt (74) umfasst und zumindest zwei elastisch ablenkbare Kontaktarme (76), wobei jeder Kontaktarm (76) weg von dem entsprechenden Kontakt durch einen Vorsprung (32) abgelenkt wird, der für jeden Kontaktarm (76) in einem weiblichen Verbinder vorgesehen ist. Ein elektrischer Verbinderzusammenbau gemäß Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Gehäuse einen Hauptabschnitt (56) umfasst und zumindest zwei Sekundärverriegelungsglieder (58), die in Empfangsbereichen des Hauptabschnitts angeordnet sind. Ein elektrischer Verbinderzusammenbau gemäß Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Sekmdärverriegelungsglieder (58) zwischen den elektrischen Kontakten (52) und äußeren Seiten des Hauptabschnitts angeordnet sind. Ein elektrischer Verbinderzusammenbau gemäß Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die elektrischen Kurzschlussglieder zwischen den zwei Reihen von elektrischen Kontakten angeordnet sind. Ein elektrischer Verbinderzusanunenbau gemäß Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die elektrischen Kurzschlussglieder in Reihen parallel zu den Reihen von elektrischen Kontakten ausgerichtet sind. Ein elektrischer Verbinderzusammenbau gemäß Anspruch 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die elektrischen Kurzschlussglieder in einer ersten von den Reihen von elektrischen Kurzschlussgliedern und die elektrischen Kurzschlussglieder in einer zweiten von den Reihen von elektrischen Kurzschlussgliedern zueinander und weg von ihren jeweiligen elektrischen Kontakten ablenkbar sind. Ein elektrische Verbinderzusammenbau gemäß Anspruch 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die elektrischen Kurzschlussglieder in einer ersten von den Reihen von elektrischen Kurzschlussgliedern und die elektrischen Kurzschlussglieder in einer zweiten von den Reihen von elektrischen Kurzschlussgliedern weg von ihren jeweiligen elektrischen Kontakten in gegenüberliegenden Richtungen ablenkbar sind. Ein elektrischer Verbinderzusammenbau gemäß Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, das jede Reihe von elektrischen Kontakten sechs der elektrischen Kontakte umfasst, und wobei der elektrische Verbinder sechs der elektrischen Kurzschlussglieder umfasst, die in zwei Reihen zwischen den zwei Reihen von elektrischen Kontakten angeordnet sind. Ein elektrischer Verbinderzusammenbau (10) umfassend: einen männlichen elektrischen Verbinder (14) gemäß Anspruch 1; und einen weiblichen elektrischen Verbinder (12), der mit dem männlichen elektrischen Verbinder verbunden ist, wobei der weibliche elektrische Verbinder umfasst: ein weibliches Verbindergehäuse (16); und weibliche elektrische Kontakte (18), die mit dem weiblichen Verbindergehäuse verbunden sind, wobei die weiblichen Kontakte in einer Anordnung ausgerichtet sind, die zwei Reihen der weiblichen Kontakte umfasst, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das weibliche Verbindergehäuse zumindest zwei Reihen von beabstandeten Bewegungsvorsprüngen (32) für die elektrischen Kurzschlussglieder umfasst, die sich nach vorne an einer Vorwärtsverbindungsseite des weiblichen Verbindergehäuses (16) erstrecken, die in den männlichen elektrischen Verbinder (14) eingesetzt ist. Ein elektrischer Verbinderzusammenbau gemäß Anspruch 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die zumindest zwei Reihen von Vorsprüngen (32) in separaten Ebenen im Allgemeinen zwischen den zwei Reihen von weiblichen Kontakten (18) angeordnet sind. Ein elektrischer Verbinderzusammenbau gemäß Anspruch 9, umfassend: ein weibliches Verbindergehäuse (16); und elektrische Kontakte (18), die mit dem Gehäuse verbunden sind, wobei die Kontakte in einer Anordnung ausgerichtet sind, die zwei Reihen der Kontakte umfasst, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das weibliche Verbindergehäuse zumindest zwei Reihen von beabstandeten Bewegungsvorsprüngen (32) für die elektrischen Kurzschlussglieder umfasst, die sich nach vorne an einer nach vorne gerichteten Steckseite des weiblichen Verbindergehäuses erstrecken, um in einen zugehörigen elektrischen Verbinder (14) eingesetzt zu werden, und dadurch, dass die zumindest zwei Reihen von Vorsprüngen in unterschiedlichen Ebenen im Allgemeinen zwischen den zwei Reihen von Kontakten angeordnet sind. Ein elektrischer Verbinderzusammenbau gemäß Anspruch 11, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Gehäuse einen Hauptabschnitt (22) und eine Sekundärverriegelung (24) umfasst, die mit dem Hauptabschnitt verbunden ist, wobei die Sekundärverriegelung ein ringförmiges Teil umfasst, dass sich in eine Vorderseite des Hauptabschnitts erstreckt. Ein elektrischer Verbinderzusammenbau gemäß Anspruch 11, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jede Reihe von Vorsprüngen zumindest sechs der Vorsprünge umfasst. Ein elektrischer Verbinderzusaminenbau gemäß Anspruch 11, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jeder Vorsprung mit einem der elektrischen Kontakte ausgerichtet ist. Ein elektrischer Verbinderzusammenbau gemäß Anspruch 11, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jeder Vorsprung einen abgeschrägten, keilförmigen Absatz umfasst. Ein elektrischer Verbinderzusammenbau gemäß Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die männlichen Kontakte in einer Anordnung von zumindest zwei Reihen ausgerichtet sind, wobei mehrere der männlichen Kontakte in jeder Reihe angeordnet sind. Ein elektrischer Verbinderzusammenbau gemäß Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die elektrischen Kurzschlussglieder in zwei Reihen angeordnet sind, wobei die zwei Reihen von elektrischen Kurzschlussgliedern in jeweils entgegen gesetzten Richtungen durch die Vorsprünge des weiblichen elektrischen Verbinders ausgelenkt sind. Ein elektrischer Verbinderzusammenbau gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei das elektrische Kurzschlussglied (54) in einem Aufnahmebereich (72) für Kurzschlussglieder aufgenommen ist, der sich in das vordere Ende (64) eines Hauptabschnitts (56) des Gehäuses (50) erstreckt, wobei die Kurzschlussglieder (54) Kontaktarme (76) aufweisen, die sich in Kontaktaufnahmebereiche (60) erstrecken, in der Nähe der vorderen Öffnungen (68), durch welche die männlichen Kontaktbereiche (78) sich in das vordere Ende (64) des Hauptabschnitts erstrecken. Ein Verfahren zum Zusammenbauen eines elektrischen Verbinderzusammenbaus (10) gemäß Anspruch 1, umfassend die folgenden Schritte: Bereitstellen eines weiblichen elektrischen Verbinders (12) mit zwei Reihen von weiblichen elektrischen Kontakten (18) und einem Gehäuse mit zwei Reihen von Bewegungsvorsprüngen (32) für Kurzschlussglieder an einem vorderen Ende des Gehäuses; Bereitstellen eines männlichen elektrischen Verbinders (14) mit zwei Reihen von männlichen elektrischen Kontakten (52) und zwei Reihen von bewegbaren elektrischen Kurzschlussgliedern (54), die Paare der männlichen elektrischen Kontakte in jeder Reihe miteinander verbinden; und Verbinden der männlichen und weiblichen elektrischen Verbinder miteinander, wobei die zwei Reihen von Bewegungsvorsprüngen für Kurzschlussglieder sich in den männlichen elektrischen Verbinder erstrecken, um die zwei Reihen von Kurzschlussgliedern aus dem elektrischen Kontakt mit ihren jeweiligen Reihen der männlichen Kontakte zu bewegen, und wobei die Kurzschlussglieder in einer ersten von den Reihen von Kurzschlussgliedern in eine entgegen gesetzte Richtung von den Kurzschlussgliedern in einer zweiten von den Reihen von Kurzschlussgliedern bewegt werden. Ein Verfahren nach Anspruch 19, wobei die zwei Reihen von Kurzschlussgliedem zu einander in einer Einwärtsrichtung bewegt werden.
Anspruch[en]
An electrical connector assembly comprising: a housing (50); electrical contacts (52) connected to the housing, wherein the contacts are aligned in an array of at least two rows with multiple ones of the contacts in each row, electrical shorting members (54) being connected to the housing, each shorting member being adapted to electrically connect at least two of the contacts (52) to each other, wherein the shorting members are each movable to a position spaced from the contacts, characterized in that each contact comprises a male contact section (78) to form a male electrical connector (14) each one of the contacts is connected by a shorting member to at least one other contact of the contacts in the connector, each shorting member (54) comprises a mounting section (74) and at least two resiliently deflectable contact arms (76), each contact arm (76) being deflected away from the corresponding contact by a projection (32) provided for each contact arm (76) in a female connector. An electrical connector assembly according to claim 1, characterized in that the housing comprises a main section (56) and at least two secondary lock members (58) located in receiving areas of the main section. An electrical connector assembly according to claim 2, characterized in that the secondary lock members (58) are located between the electrical contacts (52) and outer sides of the main section. An electrical connector assembly according to claim 1 characterized in that the electrical shorting members are located between the two rows of electrical contacts. An electrical connector assembly according to claim 4, characterized in that the electrical shorting members are aligned in rows parallel to the rows of electrical contacts. An electrical connector assembly according to claim 5, characterized in that the electrical shorting members in a first one of the rows of electrical shorting members and the electrical shorting members in a second one of the rows of electrical shorting members are deflectable towards each other away from their respective electrical contacts. An electrical connector assembly according to claim 5, characterized in that the electrical shorting members in a first one of the rows of electrical shorting members and the electrical shorting members in a second one of the rows of electrical shorting members are deflectable away from their respective electrical contacts in reverse directions. An electrical connector assembly according to claim 1, characterized in that each row of electrical contacts comprises six of the electrical contacts, and wherein the electrical connector comprises six of the electrical shorting members located in two rows between the two rows of electrical contacts. An electrical connector assembly (10) comprising: a male electrical connector (14) according to claim 1; and a female electrical connector (12) connected to the male electrical connector, the female electrical connector comprising: a female connector housing (16); and female electrical contacts (18) connected to the female connector housing, the female contacts being aligned in an array comprising two rows of the female contacts, characterized in that the female connector housing comprises at least two rows of spaced electrical shorting member mover projections (32) extending forward at a forward mating side of the female connector housing (16) inserted into the male electrical connector (14). An electrical connector assembly according to claim 9, characterized in that the at least two rows of projections (32) are located in separate planes generally between the two rows of female contacts (18). An electrical connector assembly according to claim 9, comprising: a female connector housing (16); and electrical contacts (18) connected to the housing, the contacts being aligned in an array comprising two rows of the contacts, characterized in that the female connector housing comprises at least two rows of spaced electrical shorting member mover projections (32) extending forward at a forward mating side of the female connector housing for insertion into a mating electrical connector (14), and in that the at least two rows of projections are located in separate planes generally between the two rows of contacts. An electrical connector assembly according to claim 11, characterized in that the housing comprises a main section (22) and a secondary lock (24) connected to the main section, the secondary lock comprising a ring shaped member extending into a front side of the main section. An electrical connector assembly according to claim 11, characterized in that each row of projections comprises at least six of the projections. An electrical connector assembly according to claim 11, characterized in that each projection is aligned with one of the electrical contacts. An electrical connector assembly according to claim 11, characterized in that each projection comprises a cantilevered wedge shaped shelf. An electrical connector assembly according to claim 1,

characterized in that the male contacts are aligned in an array of at least two rows with multiple ones of the male contacts in each row.
An electrical connector assembly according to claim 1,

characterized in that the electrical shorting members are arranged in two rows, the two rows of electrical shorting members being deflected in opposite respective directions by the projections of the female electrical connector.
An electrical connector assembly according to claim 1, wherein said electrical shorting member (54) is received in a shorting member receiving area (72) extending into the front end (64) of a main section (56) of said housing (50) said shorting members (54) having contact arms (76) extending into contact receiving areas (60) proximate front apertures (68) through which the male contact areas (78) extend into said front end (64) of said main section. A method for assembling an electrical connector assembly (10) according to claim 1 comprising the steps of: providing a female electrical connector (12) with two rows of female electrical contacts (18) and a housing with two rows of shorting member mover projections (32) at a front end of the housing; providing a male electrical connector (14) with two rows of male electrical contacts (52) and two rows of movable electrical shorting members (54) connecting pairs of the male electrical contacts in each row to each other; and connecting the male and female electrical connectors to each other, wherein the two rows of shorting member mover projections extend into the male electrical connector to move the two rows of shorting members off of electrical contact with their respective rows of the male contacts, and wherein the shorting members in a first one of the rows of shorting members are moved in an opposite direction from the shorting members in a second one of the rows of shorting members. A method as in claim 19, wherein the two rows of shorting members are moved towards each other in inward directions.
Anspruch[fr]
Assemblage de connecteurs électriques comportant : un boîtier (50) ; des contacts électriques (52) connectés au boîtier, dans lequel les contacts sont alignés en un réseau d'au moins deux rangées avec plusieurs des contacts dans chaque rangée, des éléments de mise en court-circuit électrique (54) étant connectés au boîtier, chaque élément de mise en court-circuit étant fait pour connecter électriquement au moins deux des contacts (52) l'un à l'autre, dans lequel les éléments de mise en court-circuit sont mobiles vers une position écartée des contacts, caractérisé en ce que chaque contact comporte une section de contacts mâles (78) afin de former un connecteur électrique mâle (14) chacun des contacts est connecté par un élément de mise en court-circuit à au moins un autre contact des contacts dans le connecteur, chaque élément de mise en court-circuit (54) comporte une section de montage (74) et au moins deux bras de contact déformables par élasticité (76), chaque bras de contact (76) étant écarté par déformation du contact correspondant par une partie en saillie (32) prévue pour chaque bras de contact (76) dans un connecteur femelle. Assemblage de connecteurs électriques selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le boîtier comporte une section principale (56) et au moins deux éléments de verrouillage secondaire (58) placés dans des zones de réception de la section principale. Assemblage de connecteurs électriques selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que les éléments de verrouillage secondaire (58) sont placés entre les contacts électriques (52) et les côtés extérieurs de la section principale Assemblage de connecteurs électriques selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que les éléments de mise en court-circuit électrique sont placés entre les deux rangées de contacts électriques. Assemblage de connecteurs électriques selon la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce que les éléments de mise en court-circuit électrique sont alignés en rangées parallèles aux rangées de contacts électriques. Assemblage de connecteurs électriques selon la revendication 5, caractérisé en ce que les éléments de mise en court-circuit électrique dans une première des rangées des éléments de mise en court-circuit électrique et les éléments de mise en court-circuit électrique dans une deuxième des rangées d'éléments de mise en court-circuit électrique peuvent se déformer l'un vers l'autre et s'écarter de leur contacts électriques respectifs. Assemblage de connecteurs électriques selon la revendication 5, caractérisé en ce que les éléments de mise en court-circuit électrique dans une première des rangées des éléments de mise en court-circuit électrique et les éléments de mise en court-circuit électrique dans la deuxième des rangées des éléments de mise en court-circuit électrique sont déformables pour s'écarter de leurs contacts électriques respectifs dans des directions inverses. Assemblage de connecteurs électriques selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que chaque rangée de contacts électriques comporte six des contacts électriques, et dans lequel le connecteur électrique comporte six des éléments de mise en court-circuit électrique placés dans deux rangées entre les deux rangées de contacts électriques. Assemblage de connecteurs électriques (10) comportant : un connecteur électrique mâle (14) selon la revendication 1 ; et un connecteur électrique femelle (12) connecté au connecteur électrique mâle, le connecteur électrique femelle comportant : un boîtier de connecteur femelle (16) ; et des contacts électriques femelles (18) connectés au boîtier de connecteur femelle, les contacts femelles étant alignés en réseau comportant deux rangées de contacts femelles, caractérisé en ce que le boîtier de connecteur femelle comporte au moins deux rangées de parties en saillie de déplacement des éléments de court-circuit électrique espacées (32) partant vers l'avant du côté de raccordement avant du boîtier de connecteur femelle (16) inséré dans le connecteur électrique mâle (14). Assemblage de connecteurs électriques selon la revendication 9, caractérisé en ce que les au moins deux rangées de parties en saillie (32) sont placées dans des plans séparés en règle générale entre les deux rangées de contacts femelles (18). Assemblage de connecteurs électriques selon la revendication 9, comportant un boîtier de connecteur femelle (16) ; et des contacts électriques (18) connectés au boîtier, les contacts étant alignés dans un réseau comportant deux rangées de contacts, caractérisé en ce que le boîtier de connecteur femelle comprend au moins deux rangées de parties en saillie de déplacement des éléments de mise en court-circuit électrique espacées (32) partant vers l'avant du côté de raccordement homologue avant du boîtier de connecteur femelle pour l'insertion dans un connecteur électrique mâle (14), et en ce que les au moins deux rangées de parties en saillie sont placées dans des plans séparés en règle générale entre les deux rangées de contacts. Assemblage de connecteurs électriques selon la revendication 11, caractérisé en ce que le boîtier comprend une section principale (22) et un verrouillage secondaire (24) connecté à la section principale, le verrouillage secondaire comportant un élément en forme d'anneau pénétrant dans un côté avant de la section principale. Assemblage de connecteurs électriques selon la revendication 11, caractérisé en ce que chaque rangée de parties en saillie comporte au moins six des parties en saillie. Assemblage de connecteurs électriques selon la revendication 11, caractérisé en ce que chaque partie en saillie est alignée avec un des contacts électriques. Assemblage de connecteurs électriques selon la revendication 11, caractérisé en ce que chaque partie en saillie comporte une tablette en forme de coin en porte à faux. Assemblage de connecteurs électriques selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que les contacts mâles sont alignés en réseau d'au moins deux rangées avec plusieurs des contacts mâles dans chaque rangée. Assemblage de connecteurs électriques selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que les éléments de mise en court-circuit électrique sont disposés en deux rangées, les deux rangées des éléments de mise en court-circuit électrique étant déformées dans des directions respectives opposées par les parties en saillie du connecteur électrique femelle. Assemblage de connecteurs électriques selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit élément de mise en court-circuit électrique (54) est reçu dans une zone de réception d'élément de mise en court-circuit (72) continuant dans l'extrémité avant (64) d'une section principale (56) dudit boîtier (50) lesdits éléments de mise en court-circuit (54) ayant des bras de contact (76) pénétrant dans des zones de réception de contact (60) à proximité d'ouvertures avant (68) à travers lesquelles les zones de contact mâle (78) pénètrent dans ladite extrémité avant (64) de ladite section principale. Procédé d'assemblage d'un assemblage de connecteurs électriques (10) selon la revendication 1, comportant les étapes consistant à : munir un connecteur électrique femelle (12) de deux rangées de contacts électriques femelles (18) et munir un boîtier de deux rangées de parties en saillie de déplacement des éléments de mise en court-circuit (32) à une extrémité avant du boîtier ; munir un connecteur électrique mâle (14) de deux rangées de contacts électriques mâles (52) et de deux rangées d'éléments de mise en court-circuit électrique mobiles (54) connectant des paires de contacts électrique mâle dans chaque rangée l'une à l'autre ; et connecter les connecteurs électriques mâle et femelle l'un à l'autre, dans lequel les deux rangées de parties en saillie de déplacement des éléments de mise en court-circuit pénètrent dans le connecteur électrique mâle afin de déconnecter les deux rangées d'éléments de mise en court-circuit du contact électrique avec leurs rangées respectives des contacts mâles, et dans lequel les éléments de mise en court-circuit dans une première des rangées d'éléments de mise en couxt-circuit sont déplacés dans une direction opposée par rapport aux éléments de mise en court-circuit dans une deuxième des rangées d'éléments de mise en court-circuit. Procédé selon la revendication 19, dans lequel les deux rangées d'éléments de mise en court-circuit sont déplacées en direction l'une de l'autre vers l'intérieur.






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